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(For the twelve months ending April, 1902) 




Andrews, Dudley and Lydia C 308 

Chamberlain, Prof. W. B March cover 

Colver, Rev. Dr. Nathaniel April cover 

Cook, Joseph 107 

Cook, Mrs. Parmelia 147 

Dresser, Rev. Amos July cover 

Faurot, Letitia Hutchings . 208 

General Officers N. C. A 167 

Groen, Rev. J December cover 

Hoverstock, William and Wife 76 

Henson, Rev. Dr. S. P 355 

Inman, Eld. Thomas 181 

Mather, Mrs. Evalina P 49 

Morgan, Rev. G. Campbell. .September cover 

Pentecost, D. D., Rev. George F 

October cover 

Phillips, James E 65 

Whipple, Prof. Elliott 68 

AVeed, Hon. Thurlow 48 

Woodsman, Rev. Henry 3 

Wylie, Rev. Edgar B 99 


Becker, Rev. Dr. Henry J. 
Belsheim, Rev. O. G. 
Blanchard, Pres. C. A. 
Brakeman, E. . 
Bruce, J. J. 
Butler, M. N. 
Cook, Elizabeth B. 
Chalmers, Rev. Thos. M. 
Collins, Rev. John A. 
Davis, Rev. Jacob. 
Eogle, Rev. C. L. 
Ferris, Rev. W. L. 
Foster, Rev. Dr. J. M. 
Griffin, Mrs. E. 
Glasford, Rev. J. K. 
Good, Eld. Samuel M. 
Hitchcock, J. M. 
Henderson, Pres. Jonas. 
Hinman, Rev. H. H. 
Inman, Eld. Thos. 
Kimball, Rev. Lucien C. 
Leeds, Josiah W\ 


Lee, Rev. O. T. 
Leckrone, Rev. Quincy 
Lindholm, Rev. S. A. 
Long, Chloe. 
Long, Pres. S. P. 
Lunde, Rev. J. H. 
Phillips, J. E. 
Post, Eld. Woodruff. 
Raidabaugh, Rev. P 
Robb, Rev. G. M. 
Rosenberger, Eld. I. J. 
Rull, Mrs. E. M. 
Scarvie, Rev. S. A. 
Sleeth, Rev. D. M. 
Smith, Eld. Rufus. 
Stoddard, Rev. W. B. 
Swartz, Rev. Samuel H. 
Taylor, Evangelist J. D. 
Taylor, P. H. 
Telford, Rev. M. S. 
Thompson, Rev. A. 
Williams, Rev. P. B. 
Wolfe, Rev. J. E. 
Westervelt, Rev. J. A. 


A Masonic Caution 

Abandoned Initiation 

Ancient Freemasonry 

Are Masonic Penalties Ever Enforced?. . 

Blue Lodge Oaths 

Cut-rate Masonry 

Clandestine Masonic Lodges 

Curious As to Leg Decision 

Christless Masonic Religion 

Correspondence on Freemasonry 

Eastern Star Outside 

:My Experience in the Eastern Star 

Glimpse of Scotch Rite ^Masonry, A..., 

240, 272, 294, 

"Hen Masons'' 

Indiana Grand Lodge Report • 

Knights Templar, see under '"Knight! 


Minnesota Grand Lodge 

Masonry Criticised by a Mason 

Masonry as Seen by the Prophets 

Masonry Selfish and Unfair 



















Masonic Correspoudeuce 

Masonry is Anti-Cbristiau 

Maekey's Encyclopaedia 

Masonic Temple Dedicated 

Masonic Penalties 

Masonic Arrogance 

Masonic Despotism , 

Masons Greatly Agitated 

Negro Masonry 

Onr Masonic Fathers 

Roosevelt. ^Master Mason 

Saloon and Masonry 

Scotch Rite Masonry, A Glimpse Of 

240, 272, 294, 

Scottish Rite Banquet 122, 

Thoughts on Freemasonry 50 

Webster on Masonry 

Webb's Monitor, New Edition of 


California Commandery 

Knights Templar Charity Ball 

Knights Templar Christmas Observance. 
Knights Templars. 141, 144, 146, 173, 177, 

Knights' Trumpet 

Negro Knights Templar Shut Out 

Triennial Debauch 


Christian Oddfellowship 

Catechism of Oddfellowship 

Oddfellowship Benefits 

Oddfellow Nearly Hit 

Oddfellowship Benevolence 

Oddfellowship a Rival of the Church. .. . 

Rebekah Assembly 

Why Men Remain Oddfellows 

Why I Left the Rebekah Lodge 
























Anarchism an Outgrowth 233 

Czolgosz's Trial 204 

Labor Union Spies 126 

New' Hebrew Union 136 

New^ Trades Union 182 

Reformed Presbyterians and Labor 

Unions 81 

Steel Strike 97 

Stamp Them Out 104 

Whose Hand Struck McKinley? 161 


Couldn't Stand Indignities 334 

Elks, Designed for 64 

Elks, Order of. Historical 334 

Elks' Charity Performance and the New 

Alliance of Church and Stage 335 

Historical Sketch of Elks 334 


Are Insurance Lodges Christian? 352 

Cheap Woodmen Insurance 330 

Feared the Woodmen 80 

Female Woodmen 113 

-Head Camp," M. W. of A 341, 353 

Modern Woodmen of America Conven- 

tion 93 

M. W. of A. Memorial 147 

Royal Neighbors of America 113, 114 


Are Insurance Lodges Christian? 352 

Duty of Christians Respecting Secret In- 
surance Orders, The 2 

"Equitable Fraternal Union" Report . . . .300 

Fraternal Insurance 121 

Fraternal Insurance Congress 121 

Fraternal Insurance Without the Lodge. 270 
Life Insurance. ..203, 205, 208, 237, 243, 264 

New England Benefit Association 300 


American Knights of Freedom 31 

"Boxers," East and West 126 

Delta Kappa Epsllon 98 

"Dickey" Initiation 78 

Equitable Fraternal Union 131, 300 

Foresters, Order of 78, 122 

Grand Army of the Republic 364 

Haymakers, The 79 

Hellenics 98 

"Institute of 1710" 12 

Kentucky Federation of Labor 239 

Knights of Freedom, Amei-ican 31 

Knight of Pythias .301 

KaiTiDa Alpha Theta 98 

K. of IJ. Endowment Rank Ill 

Katipunan and the Philippines. 149, 178, 320 

Knights of the Golden Eagle 173 

Ladies' Order of the Maccabees 123 

Liquor Men's Lodge 114, 116, 118 

Modern Brotherhood of America 60 

Maccabees, Ladies' Order of the 123 

Mystic Shriners, Inside Facts 55 

Mormons, Mollies and Masons 320 

Mafia Is Seeking His Life 339 

New England Benefit Association 300 

New Order Organized by Liquor Men . .124 

Order of Washington 299 

Order of Foresters 78, 122 

Psi Epsllon 98 

Phi Delta Theta, Sigma Alpha Epsllon, 
Beta Theta Pi, Sigma Chi, Delta Epsl- 
lon, Phi Kappa Psi, and Delta Tau 

Delta 99 

Pioneers, The 377 

Royal Neighbors of America 113, 114 

Red Men 77 

Saloonkeepers' Lodge 289 

Sons of Veterans 29 

Theological Secret Societies 60, 239 



A Retrospect 3 

A Former Lodge Advocate 10 

A Masonic Caution 12 

Abandoned Initiation 23 

An Official Protest 25 

An Awful Risk 26 

A Uniform Desire 29 

Another National Crisis <J8 

Augiistana Synod 97 

At What a Cost 158 

Address by Rev. Wellesley-Wesley .... 194 

Anarchism an Outgrowth 233 

Ancient Freemasonry 232 

Appeal to the Christian Church 297 

Are Secret Societies in Competition with 

the Church? 330 

Anti-]Mason Not a Monomaniac 335 

A Beloved and Faithful Minister ; 340 

Are Insurance Lodges Christian? 352 

Are Insurance Companies Extravagant?, 309 

Book of Secrets ' 52 

Bible vs. the Lodge 71 

Ballington Booth 37 

Benjamin Franklin's Burial Place 94 

"Boxers," East and West .120 

Burning Bush and Royal Arch Masons . .129 

Bible Reading in Schools 105 

Boltwood on Secret Societies in Schools . . 177 
Breckinridge and Labor Organizations. .239 
Bailey, Hannah J., Supt. W. C. T. U. .. .282 

Beloved and Faithful Minister, A .340 

Baptist Statements 3-53 

Blue Lodge Oaths 350 

Christianity 4 

Churches Not Fellowshipping Secret So- 

Confidence in the Attitude of N. C. A. .. 42 

Christian Oddfellowship 47 

Cipher Rituals 54 

Cut-Rate Masonry 54 

Clandestine Masonic Lodges 55 

Church and Secret Orders 03 

Christian Reformed Church Synod 85 

Craven Hazed 98 

Cook, Joseph 100, 107 

Church and Lodge 104 

California Commandery 140 

Cook, Mrs. Parmelia 147 

Costly Charity 100 

Czolgosz's Trial 204 

Craft in the "Strip" 214 

Christian Education in Schools 225 

Charity a Misused Term 230 

Criticism of Cynosure 237 

Cost of Life Insurance 237 

Chinese Mason Dead 244 

Catechism of Oddfellowship . 323 

Cheap Woodmen Insurance 330 

Contributions for China 333 

Couldn't Stand Indignities .-'.334 

Churches Strengthened 341 

Curious as to Leg Decision 345 

Duty of Christians Respecting Secret In- 
surance Orders 2 

Divorce and Remarriage 5 

Deplored by Ministerial Conference 04 

"Dickey" Initiation 78 

Denominational Testimonies 80 

Dr. Harper Distressed by Freshmen Rec- 
ords 338 

Disloyalty to Country 359 

Eastern Star Outside 8 

Energy and Talent 27 

Elks, Designed for 04 

Education Regarding the Lodge ....... .201 

"Equitable Fraternal Union" Report . . . .300 

Elks, Order of, Historical 334 

Elks' Charity Performance and the New 

Alliance of Church and Stage 335 

Environment 337 

ICnthusiastic Meetings in Nicollet County, 

Minn 375 

Funston, Gen 9 

Former Lodge Advocate 10 

Foresters and Electricity 78 

Feared the Woodmen 80 

Free Methodist Conference 84 

Fraternities Unite on Hops 98 

Female Woodmen 113 

Fraternal Insurance 121 

Fraternal Insurance Congress 121 

Fraternities in .Japan 177 

Fraternal Ignorance 193 

Fraternal Insurance Without the Lodge. 270 

Fuller, General Allen C 271 

From our Mail. .24, 01, 118, 184, 311, 342, 370 

"Fatherhood" and "Brotherhood" 325 

Freshman at University of Chicago Shows 

His Power 330 

Fuss and Feathers 345 

God's Car of Salvation 5 

Guard the Rights of the Soul 7 

God's True AVatchman 18 

Griffin, Mrs. E 02 

Groen, Rev. J 225 

General Allen C. Fuller 271 

Garrison, William Lloyd . . . . > 281 

Governmental Treatment of Lodges ....302 

Good Rule, A 344 

"Good Men" Members, The 347 

"Good Man" Argument Proves Too Much. 

The 351 

Grand Army of the Republic 304 

Glimpse of Scotch Rite Masonry 307 

Humanity 1 

Harvard Hazing 12 

Hon. J. J. Bruce at Roland 17 

Hartville Lecturer, The IS 

-Hear Us Bawl" 24 

Howe Institute 25 

Heralds of Spring 20 

High-Priced Prayers 03 

Hoverstock, William 70 

Haymaker Association 79 

Howgate. Capt. Henry 88 

Hoodwinks of Tobacco 102 

How Lodges Secure Interest 123 

Holy Secret Society 124 

"Hen Masons" 130 

Horse Play 242 

"Head Camp" M. W. of A 341, 3-53 

Historical Sketch of Elks . S34 • 

Initiatory Ceremonies 3 

lu Carthage. Mo IT 

ludiana State ConveuTiou 21 

Is It Idolatry Everywhere? 29 

luman. Eld. Thos oo 

Ira Crocket 77 

Immaunel Our Leader 141 

Inconsistent, Not Wanted 193 

India and Bishop Welldon 220 

Is Life Insurance Inconsistent With 

Scripture ? 243 

Indiana Grand Lodge Report 245 

Inversion of Conscience 261 

Is Life Insurance Legitimate? . 332 

Knights Templar Charity Ball . 110 

K. of P. Endowment Rank Ill 

Knights Templar Christmas Observance. 130 

Knights Templars 141. 14(J, 173. 177, 208 

Katipunan and the Philippines. 149, 178, 320 

Knights of the Golden Eagle 163 

Knights' Trumpet .189 

Keys of the City 193 

Living for Him 26 

Lodge Not Essential 57 

Lawyer Speaks of Courts 88, 89 

Liquor Men's Lodge 114. 11<;. 118 

Labor Union Spies 126 

Life Insurance 203. 205. 208, 264 

Let Our Public Schools Teach the Nature 

of Privacy. Secrecy and the Oath . .. .296 

Lodge Candidate Badly Hurt 299 

Lodge Organs. Names and Postoffice . . . .303 " 

Masonic Caution, A 12 

Michigan State Convention 15, 89 

Minutes of the Penn. Convention 19 

Minnesota Grand Lodge 23 

Mystic Shrlners, Inside Facts 55 

Mennonltes and Lodges 81 

Mennonite Conference 82 

Modern Woodmen of America 93 

Multiplication of Orders 96 

Morgan Abduction 112 

Masonry Criticised by a Mason 137 

M. W. of A. Memorial 147 

Masonry as Seen by the Prophets 168 

Masonry Selfish and Unfair 188 

Masonic Correspondence 190 

Masonry is Anti-Christian 204 

Masonic Funeral Services 220 

Minister and the Saloon 221 

Masonic Trumpet 262, 298 

Mackey's Encyclopaedia 270 

Masonic Temple Dedicated 305 

Mormons, Mollies and Masons 320 

Mafia Is Seeking His Life 339 

Most Remarkable Letter, A 343 

Masonic Penalties 358 

Masonic Arrogance 359 

Masonic Despotism 359 

Misdirected Criticism 370 

Masons Greatly Agitated 371 

Non-Payment of Dues 33 

Non-Payment of Dues, Causes of 55 

New Fields 58 

Negro Masonry 80, 87 

Negroes Shut Out 88 

Northwestern University Fraternities ... 98 

Notes for the W. C. T. U 101 

NeAvs of Our Work 

112, 148, 180, 209, 246, 277, 307, 339 

Not Unlucky in History 130 

New Hebrew Union 136 

New Trades Union 182 

Morgan. Capt. William 200 

New England Christian Association ....247 

New England Annual Convention 248 

New York State Convention 249 

Newspapers and Reform 319 

Not Charitably .333 

Operating Motive 8 

Oral Teaching 15 

Our Masonic Fathers 28 

Oddfellowship Benefits 57 

O, If Only I Could Know (poem) 62 

Oddfellow Nearly Hit 80 

Odds and Ends 116, 186, 250, 274, 314 

Oddfellowship Benevolence 122 

One Masonic Husband 131 

Our Boys 190 

Oddfellowship a Rival of the Church . ..322 

Orders and the State 329 

Order of Elks 334 

Oh: For a Few Finney s 342 

Oaths 362 

Oriental Advertising 372 

Obituary 99, 183, 274, 310, 318, 37S 

Preaching and Praying 12 

Patient, Courageous and Successful .... 18 

Pray for the Clergy 25 

Paddy in the Elevator 27 

Prose Poem 117 

Prince Consort 129 

Pentecost's Testimony 161 

Pugilist With Mason 190 

Plausible, but Specious 278 

Peril of Secrecy, by J. M. Foster 282 

Promises to Seceders 297 

Pennsylvania State Convention 372 

Post Apostolic Fathers and Secret Socie- 
ties 229 

Retrospect, A, Southern Work 3 

Rev. Boltz Out of Bondage 16 

Reminiscences 48, 74 

Rebekah Assembly 56 

Roosevelt, Master Mason 63 

Reforms and Reformers 65 

Reformed Presbyterians and Secret So- 
cieties 80 

Reformed Presbyterians and Labor 

Unions 81 

Reese's Initiation 122 

Rome and Secret Societies 123 

Religious Meetings Neglected 187 

Reply to Dr. Foster 200 

Roosevelt's Far-Reaching Remedy 260 

Revolution in France • 290 

Religion Without Creed 300 

Responsibility 300 

Reason Why, The 3«J(i 

Secret Society Flummery 30 

Salooii and Masonry 47 

Sittings, The 50 

Secrecy and Theological Seminaries .... GO 

Sacritices Involved in Reform 66 

Steel Strike 97 

Secret Societies in India 102 

Scottish Rite Banquet 122. 123 

St. Louis Christian Advocate Challenged. 12.5 

Stamp Them Out 164 

Symposium on the Lodge 170, 173 

Secret Societies and Post Apostolic Fath- 
ers 229 

Secret Associations in the Early Church. 232 
Secret Fraternities in Theological Semi- 
naries 239 

Scotch Rite Masonry, A Glimpse of 

240, 272, 294, 367 

Swindler, A 301 

Stand by the Old Ways 366 

Tavern Lodges 28 

Thoughts on Freemasonry, N9. 2 50 

Thoughts on Freemasonry, No. 3 73 

Talmage's Sermon on Secret Societies. . .137 
Talmage's Defense of Secret Societies. . .156 

Table Talk 157/ 215 

Talmage, Letter to 169 

Three Scenes in the Life of a Secret So- 

^ ciety Man 228 

Testifying Churches 235 

Triennial Debauch 242 

That Shocking Cynosure 304 

Telephonic Exposure 344 

The Why 363 

United Presbyterian Church 83, 88 

United Presbyterian Assembly 146 

Upholds William C. Bissell's Bequest to 

Fight Secret Societies 335 

Valuable as Any 7 

Voices from the Lodge 

119, 216, 251, 276, 315, 344, 379 

Visit to the Sunny South 257, 291 

Whited Sepulchres 28 

Wheaton Christian Conference 46, 129 

Women Barred Out 57 

Wesleyan Methodist Conference 85 

Wylie, Rev. Edgar B 99 

Webster on Masonry 124 

Why Not, Join the Lodge 132 

Whose Hand Struck McKinley 161 

Willie's Sad Week 182 

War Incident 237 

Webb's Monitor, New Edition of "SOl 

Why Men Remain Oddfellows 326 

Why I Left the Rebekah Lodge 327 

Where Shall Our Children Be Taught. .337 

Why, The 363 

Y. M. C. A. Jubilee 91 


Postpaid, Each, 2 Cents; the Set of Fourteen 
to One AdJress, Poatpiii, for 15 Cents. 


Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft and 
Master Mason's Obligations, Masonic Penal- 
ties, Are Masonic Penalties ever Enforced? 
Masonic Arrogance, Masonic Despotism, 
Grand Lodge Powers, Disloyalty to Country, 
Responsibility. What Can Be Done? 

Baptists, Rule, and Testimonies. 

The "Good Man" Argument Proves too 

The Strange Case of Mr. Goodman: 

Few Good Men Favor Lodges, Good Men 
Grossly Ignorant of Lodge Principles and 
Their Effect, Good Men Governed by Feel- 
ing, Imperfect Moral Discernment, Good 
Men Are Blinded by Their Own Habits, etc., 

The Truth About Lodge Religion: 

A Fundamental Doctrine the Fatherhood 
of God. 

Catechism of Oddfellowship. By Rev. H. H. 


A Religious Institution and Rival of the 
Christian Church. 

Are Insurance Lodges Christian? 

The Modern Woodmen of America as Il- 

Why Do Men Remain Oddfellows? 
Only One Explanation, 

Church and "Lodge. By Pres. Charles A. 

Why I Left the Rebekah Lodge of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Oddfellows. 

Graciously Delivered. Rev. E. G. Wellesley- 

Colonel Geo. R. Clark. - 
A Testimony. 

Stephen Merritt's Experience. 

A One Hundred and Thirty-eight Degree 

"How," asks an anxious mother, "shall 
we bring up our girls ?" Well, if they are 
playing in the cellar shout "rats!" That 
will bring them up. 

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^^k^MifrLm^i^ mm,^3 


Annual Meeting , 1 

Secret Insurance Orders— The Duty of 

Christians Respecting 2 

Southern Work— A Retrospect (No, 3) 3 

God's Gar of Salvation 5 

"Divorce and Remarriage," a review. . 5 

Ghurches Not Fellowshipping Secret So- 
cieties 6 

Guard the Rights of the Soul 7 

Valuable as Any.- 7 

The Operating Motive 8 

Eastern Star Outside ... 8 

Funston 9 

A Former Lodge Advocate. 10 

A Masonic Caution 12 

Harvard Hazing 12 

Booli Review— "Ten Reasons Against Life 

Insurance" 14 

Michigan Convention . . . ; 15 

Rev. Boltz Out of Bondage 16 

Hon. J. J. Bruce at Roland, Iowa. 17 

In Carthage, Missouri 17 

The Hartville Lecturer 18 

God's True Watchman 18 

Patient, Courageous and Successful . . 18 

Minutes of the Pennsylvania Convention. 19 

Indiana State Convention 21 

Varying Voices 22 

From Our Mail. 24 

Table Talk 26 

Voices from the Lodge 28 

Tavern Lodges 28 

Knightly Courtesy 28 

Our Masonic Fathers ^ 28 

Whited Sepulchers 28 

Newspapers and Reforms. 29 

A Uniform Desire 29 

Is It Idolatry Everywhere? 29 

Secret Society Flummery, ... 30 

Knights of Freedom 31 




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Send all orders to THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, Chicago, Ills. 

"Jesus answered him, — I spab opeoij to the world; aod in secret have 1 said nothing." John 18:20. 


CHICAGO, MAY, 1901. 


The Christian Cynosure, 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 


221 West Madison St., Chicago, 

Entered at the Postoffice, CMcago, III., as second 
class matter. 



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Address all letters pertaining to the 
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Street, Chicago, 111. 

What are you going to do about the 
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possible manner. 

Mrs. Stoddard, of Boston ; Mrs. Cook, 
of Chicago; Mrs. Arnold, of Wheaton, 
111. ; and other ladies are to be among 
the speakers on this occasion. 


Of the National Christian Association, May 
15th, 1901. 

The Annual Meeting of the National 
Christian Association will occur on 
Wednesday, May 15, 1901, at 10 o'clock 
a. in., in the Carpenter Building, 221 
West Madison street, Chicago, 111., for 
the election of officers, and the transac- 
tion of other important business. 

Samuel H. Swartz, President. 

Nora E. Kellogg, Rec. Sec. 


If our hands would touch humanity, 
our hearts must touch Heaven. 

The well-known scholar and philoso- 
pher, Joseph Cook, said recently before a 
Boston audience : 

'The victories of the future will be- 
long to those who keep closest to th^ 
facts: but the facts must be all the facts." 

No cause, no advocate of a cause can 
expect to win a victory in these days by 
distorting, eHminating or suppressing 
any of the facts that are essential to the 
right settlement of a question with wliich 
he identifies himself. 
—Physiology Journal. 


May, 1901. 



The General Effects of Lodge Connections. 


There are certain divisions in society 
along natural lines, such as age, race, r:e- 
lationship, or business interests. The 
existence of these awakens no jealousies 
and endangers no rights. They are uni- 
versally recognized because perfectly 

Lodges Beget a Clannish Spirit. 

But the secret lodge effects an entirely 
different kind of division in society. Its 
lines cut shteer across natural lines. Its 
bonds are arbitrary and based upon se- 
cret guards. Only the initiated can rec- 
ognize them and respond to their de- 
mands. They often must dg so in the 
face of the natural social influences. The 
consequence is a clan is established of 
unnatural growth ; yet because each 
member has given a secret pledge and, 
to that extent, surrendered his personal- 
ity, the bond operates even more force- 
fully than the natural relationships. It 
gives to brother a meaning God never 
gave. It neither means one of common 
parentage nor yet the wider idea of com- 
man humanity. It signifies one specially 
marked by initiation and bound by secret 
obligations ; not a brotherhood but a 
clan is formed and the clannish spirit 
grows in the soil open for it. 

Furnishes Opportunity for Injury. 

It affords the opportunity and makes 
the temptation to do social injury un- 
seen. In proposing members, every 
one understands the proverbial black 
ball. In some associations a single one, 
in others a very small minority, excludes 
the applicant. From what? From a so'- 
called social function and from a business 
advantage. No one knows who casts the 
black ball, or why. It may be cast sim- 
ply to gratify some personal pique. It 
may come from a hand unworthy to 
grasp that of the applicant. But it does 
its work and the whole lodge gives it 
In practical working against non-mem- 

bers. Instances are not rare where as- 
persion of character comes through the 
peephole of the lodge. Nor are the 
cases rare where business advantage is, 
by the same method, snatched from the 
possession of the deserving and trans- 
ferred to the unworthy or to those who 
have no just claim to it. What explains 
it? Simply, one is a member, the other 
is not. Cases at law show the same bias 
and for the same cause. Being unnatural 
associations, both in constituency and in 
the bonds of union, they produce a for- 
eign fruit and unwholesome to social 

The Effect on One's Charity. 

For the same and added reasons these 
associations dwarf and bias true charity.. 
I know they enroll themselves as benev- 
olent institutions ; but if genuine Chris- 
tian charity be the test, it is a false regis- 
tration. In the first place it is charity 
that can be hoped for only under fixed 
conditions and at a set price. In the sec- 
ond place, it is for the select company 
and these tested beforehand by rigid 
medical examinations to exclude all who 
are fnost likely to need it. 

When they have thus picked the mass, 
and rejected those most likely to need 
kindly assistance, they lay claim to being 
great exemplars of charity in caring for 
those most able to take care of them- 
selves, and then abuse the churches and 
other people generally for their failure 
to care for all the others as they do for 
their select comp'any. The Savior of 
men never practiced such charity, and 
he taught a very different type by say- 
ing, "When thou makest a dinner or a 
supper, call not thy friends, nor thy 
brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor thy 
rich neighbors ; lest they also bid thee 
again, and a recompense be made thee. 
But when thou makest a feast, call the 
poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind, 
and thou shalt be blessed ; for they can- 
not recompense thee ; for thou shalt be 
recompensed at the resurrection of the 

Lodge charity is supreme selfishness, 
and those who engage in it are in danger 
of having the springs of true charity dried 
up in their souls. 

Interferes with Proper Social Functions. 

Every natural relationship has its du- 
ties and the sum of these makes up the 


May, 1901. 


fullness of social activity. If fictitious 
connections be established with their im- 
perious demands they absorb the time 
and the social energies to the injury of 
the natural functions. The penalty for 
omitting the lodge demands is always 
possible money loss or business injury. 
The natural penalty for neglecting nat- 
ural duties is of a moral and social kind, 
and though more dangerous is less im- 
perious. I have known mothers to leave 
children of such tender years that they 
needed maternal oversight, and at such 
►hours as they needed it most, to either 
shift for themselves or d-epend upon 
strangers that the lodge meeting might 
not be missed. I have known small 
boys to run the streets at night at a late 
hour, for want of the loving oversight of 
a mother who was at the time absorbed 
in lodge duties. 

Such are some of the general effects of 
lodge life, and the insurance orders, be- 
cause of the money considerations, are 
not less forceful in these directions than 
those more purely social. 

bama I was compelled to leave by the 
first train without a hearing. 


Southern Work 

REV. H. H. HINMAN. — NO. 3. 

My work as agent for the National 
Christian Association in the vSouth be- 
gan in the fall of 1880 and closed in 1889, 
but was not continuous. It was mainly 
with the colored -schools for higher edu- 
cation. Eastern Tennessee, which I vis- 
ited in '81, '82 and '87, w^as an exception. 
There most of the schools an.d churches 
that I visited were for white people. So 
in part in Northern Alabama. Not al- 
ways, but generally, I met consideration 
and kindness. 

In Eastern Tennessee I met an ex- 
United States Senator, who told me he 
was an habitual drunkard, but who, it 
was believed, owed his election to tliat 
high office mainly to Masonic influence.' 
In the fall of '81 I had a meeting broken 
up and was driven out of the place where 
I was lecturing (in Western Tennessee) 
by a drunken Freemason, and a little 
later, in Northeastern Mississippi, was 
waited on by an armed mob at 10 o'clock 
p. m. and ordered to leave the State 
forthwith. Once, too, in Northern Ala- 

Rev Henry Woodsmall, the Christian Hero, 

Yet nowhere in all our broad land have 
I found more disinterested and self-sac- 
rificing devotion to the good of human- 
ity than in the South. Among the moral 
heroes that I learned to honor I would 
mention first Rev. Henry Woodsmall, 
whose acquaintance I made in Selma, 
Alabama. He had been a soldier in the 
Federal Army during the war-of '6i-'65, 
a lawyer in Indiana, and a Royal Arch 
Mason. When he was converted he soon 
saw the incompatibility of Freemasonry 
and Christianity. He felt called upon as 
a Christian to give his life to the moral 
elevation of the poorest of the poor, and 
he went South and eventually established. 
Selma University at Selma, Alabama, a 
school whose most important work was 
the education of colored Baptist minis- 
ters. Subsequently he spent some 
months in holding Ministers' Institutes, 
going to the most densely settled colored 
communities and living with those peo- 
ple as his sole society. His closing years 
were spent in teaching the colored^ peo- 
ple at Memphis. 

When I first met Rev. W^oodsmall at 
Selma, in January, 1881, he received me 
most cordially, welcomed me to his 


May, 1901. 

home and aided me in every practical 
way in my wofk. At a large meeting 
held in the Reformed Presbyterian 
Church at Selma a pretty full description 
was given of the degrees of the Blue 
Lodge. He told the people that for a 
number of years he had been a Royal 
Arch Mason and that Masonry, as it had 
been described, was what he had seen 
and practiced. He could not be a Chris- 
tian and be a Mason. 

Afterwards he came North, attended a 
meeting of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation and gave important aid in our 
work. His wife was a most cultured and 
faithful co-laborer. 

Rev. Eli Tapley 

Was born in Northern Alabama of poor 
parents. He had a limited opportunity 
for education. In early life he became 
a Christian and was a licensed preacher 
in the M. E. Church. Following the ex- 
ample of others he became a Mason. 
After coming to Mississippi he married 
Miss Feemster, who had received from 
her father an excellent education. The 
Feemster family was remarkable for 
their intelligence, culture and devotion 
to Christian reforms. Because of their 
loyalty to the Union they suffered much 
persecution. Prof. Paul S. Feemster 
was my co-laborer in the South. 

Under such influences Mr. Tapley 
came to a clearer understanding of the 
relation of Masonry to Christianity. He 
wrote and published several tracts on the 
lodge and gave the remainder of his life 
largely to a Christian testimony against 
this iniquity. Through his influence a 
number of local churches adopted the 
principle of non-fellowship with secret 

Rev. B, A, lines 

Was for a good many years the pastor of 
the Colored Congregational Church at 
Memphis, Tenn. He heartily sustained 
Elder R. N. Countee in his conflict with 
the lodge. In his address at the Knox- 
ville convention of the National Chris- 
tian Association, and at the annual meet- 
ing of the American Missionary Associa- 
tion, and in many other ways he did 
much to help on the reform in the South. 

Rev. F. J, Davidson. 

Nor should I omit the name of Rev. 
Francis J. Davidson, of New Orleans. 
Born in Northern Louisiana, he came to 

New Orleans and labored as a pastor. 
By patient industry he pushed his way 
up to the pastorate of the St. Mathew's 
Baptist Church of that city, and became 
editor of the Tribune, the organ for 
some years of the Colored Baptist 
churches oi the State. For a number of 
years he was the faithful agent of the Na- 
tional Christian Association and has 
done and is doing much for his race. 

Rev. R, N. Countee, 

Of Memphis, Tenn., was a man of fair 
education, the pastor of one of the larg-^ 
est colored churches of Memphis, a Ma-* 
son of thirty-two degrees and an officer 
in the Grand Lodge of the State. After 
his public renunciation of Masonry his 
house was assailed by a mob and many 
shots fired into it. He was waylaid, shot 
and quite severely wounded. He has not 
quite attained the martyr's crown, but 
continues to do good work for God and . 

An interesting incident occurred at 
Augusta, Ga. I visited a school estab- 
lished by the M. E. Church South. Un- 
de'r the care of two professors were forty 
or fifty colored young men. I asked the 
older professor if I could address the stu- 
dents on the subject of Secret Societies. 
Fie said I could and appointed an hour. 
On going to my appointmenti met the 
younger professor who asked me what 
was to be my subject. I told him ''Secret 
Societies." He expressed much surprise 
and said that he was a Mason and an 
Oddfellow and knew them to be good 
institutions. After I had concluded my 
lecture he declared to the students that 
as I did not belong to the orders I could 
not know anything about them — that he 
was a Mason and Oddfellow and knew 
them to be good institutions. The older 
professor rejoined that he, too, was a 
Mason and an Oddfellow, and that what 
I had said about those orders was true. 
He advised them by all means to keep 
out of them, that they were not helpful 
to religion or good citizenship. 


To see God in nothing, that is athe- 
ism; to siee God in everything, that is 
pantheism ; to see God over everything, 
that is Christianity. 

May, 1901. 



God's car of salvation is now passing by, 

Oh, who'll go a pilgrimage up to the sky ? 

Ye wretched, ye needy, ve lame and ye 

A right hearty welcome on board }^ou will 

This blessed conductor will help you on 

And greatest assistance and care will af- 
ford ; 

He will see to your baggage that nothing 
is lost. 

And grant a through passage without 
any cost. 

This train has no depot or station up- 
town ; 

No w^orldly-wise persons of fame or re- 

Have eyer been willing to leave their 

And travel with pilgrims this Heayenly 

Down by the hedges and hiighiwg,ys beside 

Where the wretched, ttte poor and the 
needy abide. 

It's here the train pauses and takes its 

Of pilgrims en route for their home in the 

'K 'K *> '> 'i* 'K 't^ 

No room for indulgence in any known 

In snufif or tobacco, in brandy or gin ; 
No room for a Mason, Odd Fellow or 

Who is walking in darkness and calling 

it light. 

—Written and Composed by John McClelland, 
Verona, Mo. 


Elder I. J. Rosenberger's ''Appeal for 
Reform," given under the caption, "Di- 
vorce and Remarriage," sets forth with 
great clearness, not whither we are drift- 
ing, but to what an awful state we, as a 
nation, have arrived. 

He quotes from Dr. Allen in the North 
American Review, and also from other 
reliable sources of information, and 
shows that should the present rate of in- 
crease of divorce continue, ''in the year 

2000 over half of our marriages will end 
in divorce !'' 

From the Dayton (Ohio) Weekly 
Press, March, 1899, he quotes the follow- 


"Think of it! One hundred and fifteen di- 
vorce suits docketed for the March term of 
court in Dayton. * * * The only way to 
check divorce is legally to hedge the marital 
privilege. In many States the marriage laws 
are so loose that the relation is recognized 
without insisting on the record of the legal 
ceremony. All the guilty couple have to do, 
to avoid prosecution for living in fornication, 
is to proclaim themselves man and wife." 

At the sitting of a certain court we are 
told their records show thirteen applica- 
tions for marriage and sixteen for di- 
vorce. A citizen of Illinois, a well-read 
man, gave the statement that his State 
granted over one thousand divorces in 
1898. Dr. Loy, professor of Theology of 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, Colum- 
bus, Ohio, in Theological Magazine, 
April, 1890, said: 

''Riecent statistics of divorce are painful 
reading. They plainly show that the public 
conscience in regard to the divorce institu- 
tion and law of marriage is elastic, if not 
seared. Courts grant them on grounds that 
to thoughtful minds cannot but appear 
trivial; and in but too many cases under cir- 
cumstances that render the injustice to in- 
nocent parties too palpable for concealment. 
It is, therefore, no wonder that the subject of 
divorce is engaging the attention not only of 
ministers of religion, but of statesmen who 
are concerned for the safety and welfare of 
the country." 

Having shown thus clearly in the intro- 
duction the imperative need that exists- 
for reform, Mr. Rosenberger in a series 
of chapters gives an exegesis of the texts 
of Scripture bearing on the subject. 

In the first chapter he speaks of the in- 
stitution of marriage, as in its nature 
both civil and divine ; refers to the sanc- 
tion which Christ gave to it, and quotes 
Paul's word, "Marriage is honorable" 
(Heb. 13:4), and forbidding to marry (I. 
Tim. 4: i), is a "doctrine of devils." He 
then comments at length on Christ's con- 
versation with the Pharisees and with his 
disciples, as recorded in the nineteenth 
chapter of Matthew, and the tenth of 
Mark, and concludes that the terms "put 
away" or "depart'' (as used by Paul in I. 


May, 1901. 

Cor. 7 : lo, ii, and by Christ in the chap- 
ters mentioned), are not synonymous 
with the word divorce. 

And he further argues that our Lord 
and the apostle Paul both teach that 
when a man and woman have been united 
by God, man may not, can not, put them 
asunder, but that if they are separated on 
account of the unfaithfulness of either 
party, they must ''remain unmarried, or 
be reconciled." : 

The second chapter attempts to prove 
the proposition. The Scriptures disallow 
any and all right to subsequent marriage 
Vv^hile the former companion is living. 

In the fifth chapter considerable stress 
is laid on the statement that "a marriage 
that is not valid, not legitimate, is virtual- 
ly no marriage at all." "What God hath 
joined together, let not man put asunder." 
"This union must be of God's joining," it 
is urged, and here there seems to be a 
chance (evidently not intended) for any 
one who feels that his or her marriage 
was an unwise one, to claim that really it 
was no marriage at all, and so, if they 
confess their sin, they are free to marry 
whom they will. 

The argument here seems weak and 
the examples taken from Scripture seem 

Among the causes mentioned for the 
deplorable state O'f things, with reference 
to frequency of divorce is, a lack of home 
training. How many children grow up 
without being warned of the snares and 
pitfalls that lie before them in life's jour- 
ney ! * =^ * It is well said 'to be fore- 
warned is to be forearmed.' " 

Here, again, there is room for an hon- 
est difference of opinion. For children 
to be brought up in the "nurture and ad- 
monition of the Lord;" to be taught to 
be humble, pure, modest because it is well 
pleasing in His sight ; to learn that God 
is everywhere present to guide and pro- 
tect; in short, to lead them in Wisdom's 
pleasant, peaceful paths, may be better 
than to make them acquainted with the 
pitfalls of the way that leadeth unto death. 

As a whole, however, Brother Rosen- 
berger's warning is tim-ely, and his "ap- 
peal for the purity of society and the 
church" should be heard and be heeded. 


Wheaton, 111., March 4, 1901. 



Friends frequently inquire what de- 
nominations of Christians are known to 
be opposed to the lodge ? I was glad to 
see the list printed in the February num- 
ber of the Cynosure, page 340. Several 
denominations should be added to this 
list. Would it not be well to republish 
t'he list, with the request that friends 
mention any denomination known to 
them not included. I would add the fol- 

Union Christian, 

Seceders, Holiness, 

River Brethren, 



Schwenkfelders' Congregationalists in 

Each of the above denominations 
has a membership of more than 1,000. 
The River Brethren and Ahmish would 
not likely have less than 20,000 each. 
Lists of these denominations would be 
of special interest to the student of 
church history. Could not some friend 
in each give us the names that we may 
better know our friends? 

There are German Lutheran churches 
that do not disfellowship members of se- 
cret societies. To be accurate the synods 
should be given. 

A leader among the people who holds 
meetings in this city, and makes much of 
what they are pleased to term "the new 
thought," said that she did not know of 
an adhering lodge man among their 
number, for when a man got the new 
thought he would have no interest in 
such things. Like the Christian Alliance 
and the pentecostal bands, there are 
many clusterings of Christians for re- 
ligious work outside the churches, that 
are antagonistic or at least not in sympa- 
thy with the lodges. 

We may well believe that this number 
will increase until the devil and all his 
works are turned into hell. 

Below we reprint the list referred to, 
and will be pleased to receive additions 
as suggested. — Ed. 

United Presbyterian. 

United Brethren (Old School, only). 

May, 1901. 


Seventh-Day Adventists. 
Christian Reform Church. 
Primitive Baptists. 
Seventh-Day Baptists. 
Scandinavian Baptists. 
German Baptists. 

.Norwegian Lutherans. 
Danish Lutherans. 
Swedish Lutherans. 
German Lutherans. 
German Lutherans (General Council). 
Plymouth Brethren. 
Associate Presbyterian. 
Associate Reformed Presbyterian. 
Reformed Presbyterian. 
JReform'cd Presbyterian (New Light). 
Free Methodist. 
Wes'leyan Methodist. 
Reformed Church of Hollanders. 
The Christian Catholic. 



By the teaching of Jesus and bis apos- 
tles, we are warned to be on our guard 
continually against the seductive under- 
plots of Satan, whose craft and Hes un- 
paradised a world. 

For many years, more than ha:lf a hun- 
dred, I have heeded those warnings and 
Avith more or less vigilance remained oii 
guard. Nor have I during thos'e years 
been a careless gazer upon the mianifesta- 
ti'ons in human affairs caused by hidden 
■forces working those vast results. My 
observations, corrected by the word of 
God, have brought mie to the oonclusion 
that, next to the Man of Sin in lyin'g won- 
ders and in all deceivalbleness oi unrisrht- 
eousness in them that perish, ''Ancient, 
Free and Accepted Masonry" ranks but 
little less than that Lawless One. 

That which impresses mie with unwofd- 
able amazement is, that Christians, and 
especially Christian ministers of the gos- 
pel of the Son of God, after having once 
been duped by Christless secretism and 
its lodge-religion, should thereafter ad- 
liere to, associate with, and defend these 
synagogues of Satan. The only cause I 
can assign for the persistent after-acting 
In favor of lodgery on the part of such, is 

Satanic Sorcery, which is the spirit per- 
meating every department of the Empire 
of Secretism. 

In conversation with Prof. , I 

asked, "Profes'sor, do }x>u believe the his- 
tory of Masonry as given by your stand- 
ard authors credible?" His reply was, 
''No, nor do irutelHgent Masonjs believe 
them." Yet this educated gentleman and 
minister of the gospel, noted for his theo- 
logical atitainm'ents, remains the slave of 
Masonry, and in bondage to the secretis^m 
of Oddfellowship. With the Masons he 
celebrates their humbug of Saint John's 
Day, and he takes their money for Christ- 
less lodge-prayers. But the climax of 
my astonish me nit is reached when I see 
such a bond-slave of satan in the pulpit 
preaching that Christ, whose Name his 
oath of obedience to Masonic law binds 
him not to incorporate into his lodge 
prayer, when I see. him calling sinners to 
trust in God's Great High Priest ; the 
abominable counterfeit of whom he has 
helped to make, robe, crown, and Urim 
and Thummim. 

And the devils must laugh in hell with a 

To see their work done by their preachers 

so well. 


"The Fraternal and Ancient Order of 
Buffalos," objects, good-fellowship and 
the promotion of literary interests. 

'T estimate," says Mr. Hurdle, "that 
there are 150,000 members of the order 
in Chicago to-day.^ We will get up a 
clubhouse for the boys, and have a big 
stag at an armory in a month or so. The 
stag will beat the Seeley dinner, and 11 
cents will be the admission at the door, 
no change to fellows who hand over more 
than the amount mentioned." 

"Where does the literary end of the 
Buffalo business come in?" 

"Why, that's easy. Suppose you are 
initiating anybody, and he gives you a 
dollar. You return him no change. 
That makes him study, doesn't it? Thus, 
you see, his mind is cultivated and im- 
proved. Oh, yes — the order is a good" 
thing, and we'll calculated to make us 
love our fellow-man. • 
— Chicasjo Journal, March S, 1901. 


May, 1901. 



Writers and lecturers on secret socie- 
ties need to consider the motives that in- 
fluence men to join. For this will enable 
them to check the tendency by removing 
the motive. 

He is not the most efficient campaign 
worker who discusses best those matters 
which interest him. Nothing avails so 
well as to discuss those which interest his 
audience. With a man who cares for 
nothing but money, nothing can be done 
by presenting any other question. He 
may be shown that anything he proposes 
to do as a politician is dishonorable, yet 
do it because to him honor is not a mo- 

He may be shown that it is unpatriotic, 
but the task is empty and nothing is real- 
ly done, for patriotism is no motive to 

If you can convince him that what he 
intends to do will bring him no spoils you 
need do no more. Speakers may not pre- 
fer to work on that level, but there is 
where this item of campaign work will be 
done if it is really done. 

Similar discretion needs to be used in 
the anti-secret campaign. Tell a pro- 
fane man that in the lodge the name of 
Jesus must not be heard in prayer, and 
you are not using a motive. You do not 
move him. 

If men have low motives and you can- 
not move them with higher ones, there 
is one resort left. Cancel the low ones 
by showing that the allurement is decep- 
tive and the hope disappointing. 

Men do not invest in business which 
they have discovered to be unprofitable. 
The rum business would not need to be 
opposed on moral and religious grounds 
if it did not pay. Opposition based on 
such grounds fails to keep dealers out of 
it while it does pay. 

Men would also cease to join lodges 
if they were convinced that there were no 
advantages to gain. " They think that 
they can succeed better in business or 
employment, or that they can gain insur- 
ance or other help or protection. 

One of the chief needs at the present 

time is an exposure of the weakness and 
emptiness of such claims and expecta- 
tions. Delusion at this point ought to 
be dispelled. Many who do not under- 
stand insurance are captivated by lodge 
insurance, which ordinarily proves to be 
of a poor and unsatisfactory kind. This 
is but one of the disappointing features. 
The emptiness of hopes entertained and 
imaginings indulged by those still out- 
side should be made known to them. 
Then the motive actually operating be- 
ing removed, these visionaries would de- 
sist from joining. It is on this line that 
much of the future anti-secret fighting 
needs to be done. It is in this part of 
the field that deserters from secret ranks 
to ours are needed. Let them tell the 
disappointments they have felt and seen. 
They should remember what motives 
once influenced them and others with 
them, and what plain statements of fact 
would have emptied those motives of 

These statements should now be made 
without heat or intemperate language,, 
'but in business-like terms. Claims need 
not be called lies, but should be dis- 
proved by reliable facts and figures. 
This is work to which anti-secret work- 
ers should now devote much of their at- 


A Canadian Mason objects to the user 
of Masonic rooms by the Eastern Star 
because the Canada grand chapter has. 
this article in its constitution : 

'Tt is improper to allow a lodge room 
to be used jointly with other societies or 
for other than Masonic purposes ; this^ 
however, shall not be construed as ex- 
cluding bodies that claim to be Masonic 
and are founded on craft Masonry." 

The Voice and Review calls this a 
local statute binding in Canada, but not 
elsewhere. It admits that the members 
of the Eastern Star "are not and cannot 
be Masons." 

This recalls the criticism of a female 
correspondent who complained that we 
were unjust to the order, declaring that 
she had been a Mason and knew. She is 
virtually answered by what claims to be 
''The oldest Masonic publication in the 

May, 1001, 


world." On a later page of the same 
magazine we find the plain statement 
that "The order of the Eastern Star is 
not Freemasonry, hence is not an inno- 
vation into that ancient institution. It 
is, however, a helpmate in the work.'' 

Again we read : "It cannot be claimed 
nor admitted that this is a ^lasonic in- 
stitution.'' Perhaps The Cynosure can 
be allowed to sav it hereafter. 


Funston has been transferred to the 
regular army for being irregular in the 
volunteer service. He gained his pres- 
ent rank by breaking half a dozen rules 
of war. 

1. The American ofificers wore the uni- 
form of American privates and pretended 
to be prisoners. International law cites 
as a specimen of forbidden treachery, 
pretending to surrender. The act of 
Funston thus came into a class of actions 
ruled out of honorable warfare by com- 
mon agreement of civilized nations. 

2. Treachery enabled Funston to fire 
three volleys on the guard, killing two 
and wounding eighteen. 

Treacherous attempts on the life of an 
enemy are contrary to codified interna- 
tional law. 

3. None of Funston's force were prop- 
erly dressed for action. Part wore citi- 
zen's clothing to appear merely to ac- 
company twenty Filipino soldiers. Twen- 
ty wore the enemy's luiiform. The 
American officers wore the uniform of 

International law requires wearing the 
regular uniform of the service to which 
forces belong, or something distinctive 
and visible at a distance. 

4. Those who wore citizen's dress con- 
cealed their arms as much as possible un- 
til ordered to fire on the guard. 

To carry arms openly is a rule of in- 
ternational law. 

5. Funston's force not only lacked 
proper dress, but included twenty con- 
stituting the ostensible force and wear- 
ing the enemy's uniform. 

All distinctive signs of the enemy, in- 
cluding uniform, are prohibited by inter- 
national law. 

6. His forces were not under the ob- 
vious direction of responsible chiefs. The 

American officers played prisoner. There 
may be a chance here to evade the force 
of the requirement of international law 
by saying that the Filipino officer was 
serving as an American officer, or that 
the American chief, though disguised, 
was directing. 

In spirit and probably in letter it ap- 
pears to violate the international law of 
civilized nations. 

Thus Funston was promoted by the 
administration to which even the Amer- 
ican Constitution is obnoxious, for af- 
fronting the civilized world by violating 
about half a dozen international laws of 
war. This is a rather expansive begin- 
ning for a fresh world power. 

Funston also broke American laws of 
war. He earned his position in the reg- 
ular army, officered by West Point grad- 
uates, by violating the instruction of a 
A\'est Point text book, which teaches 
that the use of an enemy's uniform is pro- 

Funston disobeyed more than one rule 
of the instructions for the armies of the 
United States. 

These instructions inform the United 
States forces that the use of an enemv's 
flag or other emblem in battle is perfi'dv 
that forfeits all claim to protection bv 
laws of war. and that troops in the wrong 
uniform can expect no quarter. 

If Aguinaldo's men had been found 
wearing American uniforms, and had 
fired one volley, they could have been 
massacred to the last'man without refer- 
ence to surrender. 

If, on the other hand, the American 
force had been overcome, a part and 
probably all would have been bv the 
same rule outlawed. 

The Instructions for the United 
States Army also teaches that clandes- 
tine or treacherous attempts to injure an 
enemy may even incur the penaltv of 
capital punishment. What construction 
a court martial might put upon the words 
treacherous and clandestine might be 
uncertain, but Funston's conduct in- 
cluded forgery, unlawful dress of three 
kinds, concealment of arms, pretence of 
surrender and a variety of combined cir- 
cumstances branding the whole affair as 
treacherous and clandestine to a degree 
that cancels almost everything that 
brave and honorable men mio-ht have re- 



May, 1901. 

spected, or soldiers could have recog- 

Fimston benevolently assimilated the 
enemy's uniform, and treated him with 
the customary treachery. He violated 
over and over the rules of the American 
army and the international laws of war. 
His punishment is not by court martial, 
but through promotion into more con- 
spicuous dishonor. 


A Providence, R. I., pastor, who had 
joined an average of one secret order ev- 
ery threie or four years for a quarter of a 
century, and who had been accustomed 
to advocate the system publicly, gave an 
address before a convention at Park 
Street Church, Boston, last December. 
From the published abstract of this ad- 
dress we condense the following: 

"I have not yet received a call to di- 
vulge any of the secret work of any so- 
ciety of which I have been a member. 

"During the first six or seven years of 
my present pastorate I was frequently 
asked to speak to different secret orders, 
both in my church and elsewhere. I 
never failed to receive a cordial vote of 
thanks. At length I resolved to try an 
experiment. It was twice tried and with 
the same results. The experiment was 
this : I preached a Gospel sermon with 
no lodge advertising of any kind. The 
consequence was much dissatisfaction 
and no vote of thanks. 

"I believe that nine-tenths of those 
who are in the lodge will agree with me 
when I say that the number who look 
upon any order as their religion is a very 
small percentage of the total member- 
ship. During many years of membership 
I have never met a smgle lodge member 
who would make such a statement to me 
as a fellow member. 

''But this is true in thousands of cases 
— an unbeliever will use his lodge mem- 
bership as an excuse for not becoming a 
Christian. This is frequently done. It is 
also true that thousands find in their 
lodge membership a deafness and blind- 
ness vv^hich prevents seeing their need of 
Christ. It is true that thousands will 
turn from the Christian religion with the 
remark, 'Well, if I live up to what my 
lodge teaches I'll be willing to risk things 

with any Christian I know.' It is also 
true that the burial ritual of every secret 
order teaches that all its members will 
meet in a future life and thus lays the 
foundation for false hopes. 

"During over thirty years in the min- 
istry, both in the United States and in 
foreign countries, my experience has 
been this with regard to secret society 
members and the church: The great 
majority of lodge members will desert 
the weekly meeting for their lodge, espe- 
cially on evenings of importance, such as 
reception to grand officers, installations^, 
etc. I have also found that the faithful 
lodge members are, usually, the poorest 
church members. 

'T question whether the average mem- 
ber of most secret societies would screen 
a fellow member (all oaths, etc., to the 
contrary) if thought to be guilty of crime. 
For my own part I have ever been in- 
clined to take the stand by an English 
justice to whom a guilty man gave the 
distress signal of his order as the judge 
was about to pass sentence. The judge 
said : 'You are sentenced to five years*^ 
imprisonment. Were I able to make it 
ten, I should, since you have not only 
disgraced your nation but also the order 
of which you claim to be a member.'^ 
Tens of thousands of lodge members 
would take this stand. 

"On the other hand, there are tens of 
thousands with ideas of justice below par 
who would acquit one of their members, 
in any possible case. Especially is this 
true in all political orders organized for 
this very purpose. 

"A member of our order in Calcutta 
is no more our friend than would be any 
other native of Calcutta. Just as soon 
as any man seeks to gain advantage over 
a fellow man on the sole ground of mem- 
bership in the same order he commits a 
crime against all true ethics. What I re- 
fer to is the prevailing idea (and inten- 
tion) that membership gives prior right 
apart from merit and fitness for the place. 
No lodge membership can be any cer- 
tificate of character or qualification. 

"There is not the least need for secrecy 
in any benevolent order. All the ad- 
vantages claimed could be provided as 
well without secrecy. It is not the insur- 
ance I oppose, but the vmnecessary se- 
crecy and nonsense. 

May, 1901. 



''Had I read the words herein written 
August I, 1897, I am sure I should have 
said what it is possible you are saying: 
'Here's another lot of nonsense written 
by one of those stupid anti-secret society 

''I thought just as you do. I was as 
you are. I was as much opposed to anti- 
secret society men and women (some of 
them could tell how courteously (?) I re- 
ceived them) as are any. 

"If you do not see any harm in secret 
societies which do not allow the recogni- 
tion of that Holy Name by which you are 
called, it is impossible to be in fellow- 
ship with Jesus Christ and in fellow- 
ship with any order which requires un- 
christian oaths, and, as in some in- 
stances, recognition of the Koran, also, 
virtually, non-recognition of Jesus 

"How many think before they join? 
How many think of the indecent jokes, 
the vulgar songs, the anecdotes, the 
amount of questionable conversation 
they will have to hear during recess and 
intermission? How many think of the 
associations into which lodge member- 
s,hip will bring them ? My first watching, 
as a lodge member, was by the side of a 
liquor dealer dying of delirium tremens. 
I was asked to attend his funeral and 
listen to the lodge ritual, in which the 
chaplain expressed the hope of 'meeting 
our dear brother in the Holy Temple 
above.' On another occasion the order 
of which I was a member voted to admit 
one of the most disreputable men in the 
city. No matter what may be the char- 
acter of the member, every other mem- 
ber must hail and greet him as a 'brother,' 
'Sir Knight,' 'Comrade,' etc. * * * 
How many think of these things ? 

"With but few exceptions I have never 
known of anything but immoral influ- 
ences in orders from which the wife, the 
daughter, the sister, the woman friend of^ 
the member is excluded. Very seldom is 
it possible to attend many such lodge 
meetings without seeing and hearing 
something to offend a morally decent and 
clean-thinking man. The 'good times' 
enjoyed in an order which shall be name- 
less, sometimes degenerate into what are 
little better than drunken carousals fol- 
lowed by 'good times' which frequently 
sink into deeper abomination. 

"Too often the 'good times' from 
which the ladies are excluded by their 
husbands and brothers consist of con- 
versation, jokes, stories, songs, etc., 
which no decent man can Hsten to with- 
out disgust and from which he would 
most zealously exclude every lady for 
whom he had the least respect. In over 
a quarter of a century's connection with 
secret orders I have never seen a single 
'good time' which was due to the lodge 
in any way. 

"The Pecuniary Benefits. We have 
now reached the only pretence to a 'rock 
foundation' for the existence of secret 
orders. Careful examination will show 
this seeming rock to be made of mois- 
tened sand, incapable of bearing the 
weight of investigation. The pecuniary 
benefits arising from orders which make 
insurance, etc., a specialty, are largely 

"Pecuniary benefits do not belong to 
all secret orders. Some are not benev- 
olent in their aims. Some never vote 
money for the support of the widowed 
and orphaned unless asked to do so. 
Most benefit orders avail themselves of 
any possible technicality or loophole to 
escape payment. Times without num- 
ber those who most need assistance are 
left to struggle without it. Hundreds 
were once members who, through pov- 
erty, sickness, hard times, neglect or 
some other cause have been compelled to 
fall behind in dues. Hundreds of dollars 
paid in have been sunk beyond recovery. 
The wealthier members wdio least need 
pecuniary help, being able to keep up 
their payments, receive benefits while 
the poorer, unable to keep up their dues, 
receive nothing and lose all which has 
been put in. The history of numbers of 
'Mutual Benefit Orders' has been a his- 
tory of thousands of dollars paid out by 
the older members and not one dollar re- 

"A large percentage of monies re- 
ceived is expended, for the 'good of the 
order' in salaries of paid officials, office 
rents, banquets to supreme officers, rail- 
road fares, hotel bills, etc. Could some 
of the lower grade members see the 
luxurious 'bills of fare* placed before self- 
sacrificing officials at banquets their faith 
in benevolent orders would be dis- 



May. 1901. 

"AH these exhaust the treasury, mak- 
ing constantly increasing assessments 
necessary and contributing evidence to 
show the fiction of much of this benevo- 
lence. Turn now to the actual profit and 
loss account of the individual member 
and it will be seen that lodge benevo- 
lence, at best, is little better than a hum- 
bug. Let any man add up all he has paid 
out for amusement, da-es, chippings in, 
spreads, excursions, special collections, 
railroad and other expenses and he will 
find he has been paying a large price for 
'his whistle.' 

''Were it true that any possible initia- 
tory ceremony could better qualify a man 
to expect help or to merit it — were it true 
that ability to prove one's self in 'good 
and regular standing' was proof positive 
of actual membership — were it true that 
this claimed fraternity actually existed — 
there might be something to be said in 
favor of secret orders. But, as matters 
stand, none of these supposed facts are 

"I believe it is easier to sham mem- 
bership in a secret order than to sustain 
the appearance of Christian life. Ability 
to prove one's self a member is no guar- 
antee, nowadays, of ever having been 
initiated. Very few members are posted 
in the lodge work. I have, myself, visited 
lodges, been examined and rejected by 
the lodge officials (because they did not 
know the unwritten work of the order as 
well as I did), and, at the same time been 
examined by members of higher rank 
who happened to be present and more 
than welcomed as befitted my rank, after 
they reported me. In these cases the 
trouble was ignorance. In other cases 
I have been admitted into lodges with no 
examination whatever, simply my own 
word. In the first case ignorance denied 
me the privileges to which I was entitled ; 
in the second case any one who had 
glanced over any of the so-called man- 
uals could have passed in without ques- 
tion. The many manuals published will 
post any one sufficiently to enable him 
to enter almost any ordinary lodge. 


An official contributor to the Voice of 
Masonry gives the following sensible 
suggestion, w^hicb, it is to be feared, has 
not persuaded the large body of outside 
admirers and advocates of Masonry tech- 
nically known as "Jack Masons." 

"Care should be taken that the first impres- 
sions of a new member should be correctly 
formed upon rational conceptions of the 
order, instead of ideal ones. He should be 
made to know that while the brethren are 
bound to act honorably, truthfully, and justly 
in their business and social relations, yet he 
will meet the same competition in business 
within as without the lodge. That the so- 
ciety of which he has been newly made a 
member is composed of a busy, enterprising, 
rustling, progressive and industrious com- 
munity, who will welcome him to the race 
for worldly thrift and prosperity, and treat 
him in all business relations in the same hon- 
orable way which Masons should adopt to- 
ward all the business world. 

"He should learn at the very portals of the 
Institution that there is no obligation in Ma- 
sonry which requires the fraternity to make 
up to him what he may lack in vim, enter- 
prise and industry-, nor to wait for the lag- 
gard steps of a brother along the road of 
life, resulting from either indolence or in- 

"With this conception of the nature of a 
Masonic institution at the outset, there will 
be no occasion for his subsequent awakening 
from an ideal and erroneous conception 
which might cause him to sit in judgment on 
the institution, and, because he may have 
experienced the discomforts of sharp elbows 
and heavy heels in business relations, fall 
into a second error of concluding that Ma- 
sonry is not what it used to be," 


J. Wilbur Chapman says: 'T'd rather 
know bow to pray than how to preach. I 
may preach and move men, but if I can 
pray I can- move God." 


Two Students Seriously Injured During an 

Because of hazing two Harvard students, 
after being initiated into the Institute of 
1710 and "The Dickey," two secret societies, 
have been obliged to leave the university 
temporarily, and it is doubtful whether one 
of them will return. 

The students are E. S. T. Richardson of 
New York, a first year student in the scien- 
tific school, and H. W. Mason of 347 Com- 
monwealth avenue. Boston, a sophomore. 

It seems that Mason was taken out for his 
first "stunt," as the phrase goes, about a 

May, 1901. 



month ago. As a result, be lias been con- 
fined to his home with water on both knees 
and a broken linger, up to a few days ago. 
One of the earliest proceedings is to make a 
man run the gauntlet, wherein the mental 
and physical qualities of a man are pretty 
thoroughly tired out. If he has a tough con- 
stitution and plenty of "sand," he may get 
through without serious injury to his bones 
or his self-respect, provided there is no "'acci- 
dent." In fact, it is only an accident which 
can possibly cause injury, the society men 

Mason makes this statement: 

"I do not In any way blame the men of the 
D. K. E. for the injuries received in my in- 
itiation. For, while running the 'gauntlet,' 
the first night, I slipped and fell, as the 
ground was very slippery and hard, and 
wrenched my knee badly. From this wrench 
I got water on the knee. Of course, my run- 
ning around during the week irritated this, 
and it became much Avorse. 

"The last part of the initiation, which is 
more severe than the rest, was when I hurt 
my other knee and dislocated my finger. 
This, however, was not due to anybody 
whatsoever, but in most part to my own 
awkwardness and carelessness. 

"I want to emphasize that fact that no one 
was to blame, and that I was very well cared 
for by all the fellows. It was only a little 
hard luck on my part, and I have no com- 
plaints whatever to make. 

"As to the initiation, there are one or two 
things only which ought to be changed, and 
I think all the fellows realize the fact, and 
will bring about the changes themselves. 

"I hope that nobody will think that my in- 
juries were in any way due to brutality, for 
that is entirely wrong, as they were mere 
accidents, which probably will never happen 

According to- a '"Dickey" man. Richard- 
son's injury dated back to the "Institute" 
initiation, the candidates for D. K. E. all 
being recruited from the latter society. It 
was while "running the gauntlet" for the 
"Institute," so the D. K. E. man claims, that 
Richardson was kicked in the head. As a 
result, he was sufficiently affected mentally 
to be a charge upon his fellows for the next 
few days. They Avatched him closely and 
carefully; but one night, getting out of his 
room, he Avandered through' the hall to the 
stairs, anl fell headlong to the lower floor. 
This little episode put him out of further 

He Avas put to bed and a doctor summoned. 
The symptoms seemed to be those of con- 
cussion of the brain, and, after lying in Col- 
lege hall for a AAiiile, and being tested by 

an outside physician, he Avas sent to his home 
in NcAv^ York city. The college doctor was 
not Summoned to attend him, but as he failed 
to appear at lectures the physician became 
aAvare of his condition, Avhich, hoAA^ever, he 
understood was not serious. 

Richardson AA'ent home last week, and, ac- 
cording to his friends, Avill return at the end 
of the Easter recess, in about tAvo weeks. But 
there is a contradictory report from other 
sources to the effect that he Avill not be back 
this year. 

Richard Derby of the sophomore class at 
Harvard, president of the D. K. E. Society, 
gave out this statement regarding the way 
in Avhich the tAA'o men AA'ere injured: 

"The facts about H. W. Mason and E. 
Richardson, Avho were reported to have been 
injured while running for the D. K. E. So- 
ciety, are: 

"The night of the initiation Mason, Avhile 
l)eing led, blindfolded, stumbled and fell, 
dislocating a finger and injuring both knees. 
This Avas three weeks ago. He is now out 
Avalking about again. 

"Richardson Avas in bad condition at the 
time that he was elected to the society. He 
Avas lightly run, and Avhen it was discovered 
that his health seemed to be suffering the 
running ceased, and he did not pass through 
the initiation at all. 

"Since these events the society has met and 
voted that the rules for running be modified 
in order to prevent abuse, and that part of 
the initiation in Avhich Mason was injured be 

Dr. Walcott, acting president of Harvard 
in tlie absence of President Eliot, said: 

"I knoAV very little about this affair; in 
fact, I had heard only the name of Mason 
mentioned, and that Avas by an outsider. I 
did not knoAV anything serious had occurred. 
I have, hoAvever, received a rather vigorous 
letter AAithin the past fortnight protesting 
against the initiations of the college socie- 
ties. I myself object to the present method 
of initiation— that is. the public, stupid per- 
formances, such as the incident at the Har- 
vard-Yale football game some years ago, 
Avhen some men were compelled to imitate 
the Indians— because it shoAVS a lack of con- 
sideration for other people's feelings. 

"The question is hoAv to stop them. Some 
thirty years ago Harvard assumed the posi- 
tion that she could not be responsible for 
the Avay in Avhich the students spent their 
time. The only Avay is for the students Avho 
are asked to join the society to refuse to sub- 
mit to actions which are degrading, not only 
to themselves, but to the college. The fac^ 
ultv has the poAA'er to exercise discipline, and 



May, 1001. 

if they so chose they might rule that public 
initiations should he discontinued." 
—Boston Advertiser, April 8, 1901. 

IMason's statement makes it clear that 
the victim of the various arrangements 
and performances was solely to blame. 
Usually a man blindfolded moves about 
more freely and safely than when the 
light shines and glares in his eyes, and 
the faster he is hustled about and the 
more risky things are done, the more he 
escapes if he does escape. That is clear. 
It is a pity that Richardson cannot make 
a corresponding statement, so as to clear 
the man who kicked him, by showing 
that, through his own carelessness, he 
allowed his head to hit the shoe. 

Evidently both men were careless in 
being where they were. 

Ten Reasons Against Life Insurance. By 
A. Sims. Paper, lo cents. Published 
by the Author. Kingston, Ontario, 

This little compilation is arranged un- 
der ten heads, consisting of its alleged^ 
ten reasons. These relate to the fo'llow- 
ing topics: i. Impossiibility of insurance. 
2. Swindling. 3. Gratification of greed. 
4. Wrong miathematical principles. 5. In- 
equitable and unrighteous character of 
insurance. 6. Extravagan':e, folly and 
vain pomp. 8. Resultant crime. 9. Hin- 
drance to religion. 10. Absence of Scrip- 
tural support. 

Each of these topics is embodied in a 
proposition containing the words Life 
Insurance, and the same words appear 
in the general title, yet the work is re- 
stricted almost exclusively to the Assess- 
ment scheme, and other things with 
which real life insurance has nothing to 

do. ^ i ^ ' ;^ 

In order to conform to the require- 
ments of the work as it stands, the fourth 
topic should have been the first one. It 
is also the only one that is limited by a 
w^ord that indicates the limitation of the 
book. It is thus stated : "Fraternal life 
insuraTi-ce is founded on mathematically 
wrong principles." Assessmient would 
haA^e been more inclusive than ''frater- 
nal," but as the work still further limits 
itself by dealing m^ostily with the Latter the 
word used is appropriate. 

In professedly treating of life insur- 
ance, but really attacking secret insur- 

ance orders mostly, the w^ork reminds one 
of a skeptical essay using the Inquisition 
and the worship of images as a reason 
for condemning Christianity. 

The first and eighth sections are the 
only ones that coii'sist wholly of original 
matter. The first heading- reads : ''I. Life 
instirance, so-caiied, is an impossibility." 

It may seem hardly fair to soaggest that 
it is a waste oif time to prepare a book to 
prevent what is impossible. It might be 
feared that this one wo'uld be like Dr. 
Lardner's book proving it impossible to 
cross the ocean by steam. The book was 
brought over in the first steam^ship that . 

Looking down the table of contents, 
one might wonder how an impossible 
thing could swindle, gratify greed, be at- 
tended with vain pomp and cause crime. 
But of course such a question is asked 
more in jest than earnest, for the author 
(Voviotisly means that something assum- 
ing such a name wears it falsely and 
claims to do what cannot be done. This 
he attempts to prove in less than ten lines, 
which prove nathing except that he has 
undertaken a formidable task without 
preliminary study. The first sentence ki 
proof that insurance is impossible is, 
"Death to all is certain." 

Whether any one oiutside the church 
insists mjore fully on the same thing than 
life insurance men is a question. Agents 
do not seem to thiink that the fact stands 
in the way of their business. The argu- 
ment goes on : "Tliere is really no uncer- 
tainty upon which to base life insurance." 
Could uncertainty be the basis of assur- 
ance? Men commonly ask approximate 
certainty as a basis for anything about 
which they wish to feel sure. "Uncer- 
tainty upon which to base life insurance" 
is too flagrant a contradiction of terms to 
appear in almost the first sentence of a 
book combating a scheme one of the 
most glaring faults of which is uncer- 
tainty ; a fault difTferentiating it from gen- 
uine life insurance. 

If what he really means is uncertainty 
on which the need of insurance is ground- 
ed, then he absurdly ignores that uncer- 
tainty of date out of which the need 
arises. AH know that they must die, none 
know w^nen. Hence come expectation ta- 
bles and premium rates, offsetting indi- 
vidual uncertainty with approximate 

May, 1901. 



general certainty. There is an uncertain- 
ty on which to ground the need, the sup- 
ply seeks ground on certainty. The un- 
certainty is individual, the compensating 
■certainty coMective. The next sentence 
is : ''A com4>any could just as well insure 
the sun against rising." Perhaps Can- 
ada companies offer to insure men 
ag'ainst dying. That is not w4iat we un- 
derstand by insurance this side of the 

The fourth heading, which is logically 
the first, claims that "Fraternal life in- 
surance is founded on mathematically 
wrong principles." A large part of the 
largument under this head is quotation of 
more or less value. 

Almost the only original remark in this 
section speaks of "A policy." The in>ap- 
positeness of this term is intensified 
"by its standing between quotations from 
two organs of orders, the Kansas Work- 
man and the Chosen Friend, the latter of 
-which plainly declares that "the old fra- 
ternal insurance plan is a failure." It is 
also near the beginning of the section 
limited by its heading to Fraternal insur- 

Now to speak of a "policy" in such a 
place is absurd. To write a policy is about 
the last thing a fraternal order would 
think of doing-. All assessment societies, 
secret or open, avoid a policy as they 
Avould a fatal disease. They never come 
nearer than a certificate. Such a slip in 
the use of insurance terms is hardly ex- 
cusable in an author pubMshing a formal 
treatise ostensibly didactic in purpose. It 
is one of the too numerous signs that be- 
tray a premature attempt to teach a sub- 
ject which the instructor himself has not 
studied throusih and thouo'ht out. 


In a small school aii inspector was ex- 
amining a class in geography. He had 
failed to puzzle the bright youngsters and 
in despair demanded at last to know what 
the equator is. There was a momentary 
pause, and the inspector smiled triumph- 
antly. But the smile had hardly got to 
its widest limits when a fierce-looking 
boy with a great shock of tangled hair 
growled out the answer: "The 'quator," 
said he, "is a menagerie lion running 
'round the earth." 
— Exchange. 

|Ietti0 of ®ur iUori 


In Grand Rapids, on Wednesday and Thurs- 
daj-, 3Iay 29 and 30, 1901. 

The Convention will meet in the La- 
grave Street Christian Reform Church 
on the evening of Wednesday, May 29. 

Among the speakers will be Revs. 
Beets and Bosman, of Grand Rapids, 
Alich. ; Rev. W. B. Stoddard, of Wash- 
ing, D. C. ; and President Blanchard, of 
\\iieaton College, and Rev. Thomas 'M. 
Chalmers, of Chicago. 

The Michigan friends are called upon 
to stand by their own state : 
"And pour in light on Pluto's drear 

Abhorred by men and dreadful e'en to 

Rev. W^m. Fenton wrote under date of 
March 30 that he expected to attend con- 
ventions soon at which would be dele- 
gates from the Dakotas and also from 
Iowa and Wisconsin. His address is 74 
South Robert street, St. Paul, ]\Iinn. 

T. B. Arnold, publisher, 104 Franklin 
street, has recently issued a volume of 
312 pages, 5x7, containing the Chapter 
degrees of Masonry, compiled by E. 
Ronayne. Price, 75 cents. 

Elder Quincy Leckrone writes from 
Ohio under date of i\Iarch 4: "I have 
arranged for a few lectures at Hartville. 
Ohio." His experience at Hartville is 
given on another page. It will be seen 
from the report of the Indiana State 
convention that he was one of the speak- 
ers at that conference. 

Brother S. C. Kretsinger, of Leaf 
River, 111., calls attention to the fact that 
if the liability of the Modern Woodmen 
of America for insurance was only $500 
each, it would require 1,930,000 men to 
meet the liabilities of the order. They have 
about one-fourth of that number. He 
also calls attention to the significant dif- 
ference in the lang-uage used by the Sa- 
vior in ]Matt. 6: 6, "Closet," and in ^latt. 
24: 26, "Chambers." 



May, 1901. 

]\Ir. John Ferris, of ]\Iichigan, under 
date of ]\Iarch 14, writes : "I have heard 
two ministers say lately that the frater- 
nities are the greatest enemies of the 
church at the present time.'' 

Rev. W. L. Ferris, of Iowa, preached 
a sermon a few months ago on "Things 
Which Help and Things Which Hin- 
der/' and in the course of the sermon he 
dwelt at length on the subject of secret 
societies. He is one of the noble band 
of Congregational ministers that gives 
his people warning against the enemy 
that has come in like a flood. 

Rev. John Collins, of New Hampshire, 
so well known to the readers of The 
Cynosure through his reports of the po- 
sition of the Bishops of the IVI. E. Church 
on the lodge question, writes under date 
of April I that he is to attend the Maine 
Conference of the AI. E. Church, and 
sends for literature to use with his 
brother ministers. He writes : 'T am 
called a fool and a crank for spending 
time and money in this work, and I con- 
fess it is a little trying to faith, but I can 
see some fruit among some young men 
and ministers, and so fight on." 

We have the following from Mr. S. A. 
Scarvie, of Hamline, Minn. : "Last Sun- 
day night (March 24) I spoke against se- 
crecy in the Norwegian Lutheran 
Clmrch in Ada, Minn., in the Norwegian 
language, and on Monday night in the 
English language. The church w^as 
packed both evenings. Though oppor- 
tunity was given for remarks, no voice 
was raised to contradict my statements. 
Considerable lodge literature was dis- 
posed of. Sonie parties had come about 
twentv miles to hear the lectures." 

Rev. S. A. Lindholm writes from Min- 
nesota : "We got an overwhelming ma- 
jority in favor of upholding the present 
status of our Constitution in regard to 
secret societies at our annual meeting in 
Stillwater, Minn. I hope the Synod will 
not dare to touch the paragraph, when it 
meets in Jamestown, N. Y., in June." 

'T have for some time had in mind to 
write you an article on the 'North Star,' 
a new fraternal society that lately orig- 
inated in Rock Island, 111., and molded 

after Modern Woodmen, but in a very 
simple form, boasting to have no secrets^ 
still retaining all characteristics of secret 
societies. All leisure moments I use to 
study up the lodge question in order to 
write something in Swedish. Oh, what 
a wild, complicated theme to write on ! 
I have studied scores of books, but what 
can a man do with over 600 orders, of 
which some have a dozen or more de- 

April 8, 1 901. 

President Blanchard gave a short ad- 
dress on the Relation of Church and 
Lodge before the students of the Chi- 
cago (Congregational) Theological Sem- 
inary recently. The students of Wheaton 
College were addressed at their chapel 
exercises a few weeks ago by one of the 
Baptist Home Missionary Secretaries, 
who related his renunciation of secret so- 
cieties. President Blanchard has also 
given his senior class instruction 
this, term on the differences between true 
and false worship, and he gave them spe- 
cific reasons for classing the lodge re- 
ligion among the idolatrous and false 
worships of the present age. 


In the letter from our old friend. Elder 
Rufus Smith, of Spadra, Cal., printed in 
the April Cynosure on page 399 are twO' 
errors. In the first line the word "state" 
should have read states" — "To My 
Friends in the States and Canada." And 
in the second paragraph the word "se- 
cretism" should have read "sectism :" 

"As to sectism I have only this to say, 
God keeps me so far away from the na- 
ture, the spirit, and even the appearance 
of this institution that I would not know 
of it if I did not see and hear of it. God 
keeps me so far away from it I cannot 
feel it. Many wonder why I feel so good 
in my old age. Dear friends, cannot you 
tell why? If not, seek God at once." 


Editor Christian Cynosure : 

"By the grace of God I will never 
wear that pin again on this earth, nor 
will I pay one cent more of God's money 

May, 1901. 



into the Masonic Fraternity." This was 
the language of Rev. W. V. Boltz, lec- 
turer, pastor, evangelist, on the 20th of 
March. Glory to God for such a man of 
truth and honesty ! 

This was the result of a number of 
heart talks between us as co-workers in 
the church of Christ, and he takes this 
noble stand boldly, openly and in the 
spirit of the Master. We hope to hear 
some good things from him in the future. 
God grant that the ministry may awaken 
to the danger lurking in this great mon- 
ster which sends its tendrils around and 
through the church of God to choke, 
smother or crush it. 

C. L. Engle, 
Pastor Christian Church. 

Gait, Cal., March 22, 1901. 


Rolfe, Iowa, April 12, 190 1. 

I spoke in Roland, Story County, 
Iowa, Tuesday evening to a mixed audi- 
ence in the large Lutheran Church at 
that place ; on Wednesday afternoon we 
had a meeting for men only ; and in the 
evening we had our third meeting. To 
say the friends are alive and aggressive 
against secrecy does not express the 
fullness of the work they are doing. 

God has singularly blessed the two 
Lutheran churches at Roland with pro- 
gressive, faithful pastors, who look after 
the welfare of their large church mem- 
bership.' Rev. G. Smedal is not un- 
known to your readers as a writer on 
Masonry and other secret societies. Rev. 
J. M. Sammon has been the chief object 
of Masonic malevolence, as his church 
has been the one against which the 
Satanic efforts of Masonry have been di- 
rected. Although it was my initial ad- 
dress on Masonry and its folly, there was 
an inspiration in addressing a people al- 
ready prepared by the ordeal through 
which they passed, and the care used in 
posting them, which made it easy to keep 
up an interest. Our line of work is new ; 
as it goes toward the explanation of Ma- 
sonic symbols rather than exposing the 
work, as is usually done. I explained to 
the men, by working that part of the de- 
grees which expose shame, the close 
analogy between ^lasonry and ancient 

idolatry, as given in the Bible; also ex- 
plained the object of shame exposure. 
We used the sword of the Spirit so effec- 
tually that there was no room for doubt- 
ing the origin of Masonry as well as its 
purpose. Our third address was on the 
ungodliness of the . obligations taken ; 
and the right and duty of the one duped 
or deceived into taking them to repudi- 
ate them. 

Opportunity was given in all addresses 
for asking questions in order to more 
fully explain the subject. This privilege 
was freely used and kept up the interest, 
so we could hardly close. That God did 
own and bless the effort in the advance- 
ment of truth and righteousness was 
clearly manifested by the interest taken 
in all the lectures, and in bringing light 
and knowledge to others, the speaker 
w^as indeed blessed and encouraged. 

J. J. Bruce. 


Dear Brother Phillips : 

I have had very good success in ex- 
posing the 'Svidow^'s son'' since I came 
here. At first I hesitated to make an 
open attack, since the lodge had grown 
to such great proportions that that 
course seemed to appear unwise. The 
Lord showed me that through His 
strength I could do all things, and so 
I ventured and have had wisdom above 
that of all my enemies, and I have also 
found friends among my supposed en- 
emies, and God has made, to a great ex- 
tent, the wrath of man to praise Him. 
He has opened new doors for me to en- 

I worked and lectured first among the 
Free Methodists, but since then I have 
found an open door among the Holiness 
people. It was among the latter people 
that a lodge man declared publicly that 
the lodge was better than the Church. 
His testimony has enabled me to turn a 
great number away from the lodge. I 
have the colored people with me, also, 
and among the white people five lawyers 
and the most popular physician in Car- 
thage, all of whom have come out on my 
side, for which God be praised. \\'hy, 
my dear friends, God can make a worm 
thrash a mountain. Let us not fear, but 



May, 1901. 

trust. Let us preach the old truth of the 
Bible, separation, separation ; for that is 
what the people want and need. 

(Rev.) J. K. Glasford. 


Editor Christian Cynosure : 

Alarch 21, 22 and 23 I lectured 
in the Town Hall at Hartville, 
Ohio. The hall, though large, could 
not accommodate all the people 
^vho desired to attend. The cause of anti- 
secrecy has many staunch and active 
friends in that community among the 
German Baptists and Lutherans. The 
lodge people are also quite active. They 
have a number of lodges in the town and 
a large membership. 

The members of the lodge put on a 
very bold front in the beginning of the 
meetings. A young man, an ex-mem- 
ber of the North Dakota Legislature, 
claiming to stand high in seven or eight 
lodges, undertook to defend the secrecy 
system, but it resulted in his complete 
discomfiture. He amazed the intelligent 
part of the audience by denouncing 
Mackey, Sickles and Chase as disreputa- 
ble Masonic authors. He, however, ac- 
knowledged the hoodwink, cable-tow, 
rolled-up-drawers, etc., of the initiation, 
but denied the oath. But as fortune had 
it, there were ex-Masons in the audience 
who testified to the truth, and by the last 
evening of the meetings the lodge cham- 
pion was completely silenced. 

There is a growing interest in this sub- 
ject, and as the old saying is, "Strike 
while the iron is hot," so now is the time 
to work. 

The meetings at Hartville opened the 
eyes of many, and we believe the leaven 
has only begun to work. 

Quincy Leckrone. 


Rev. O. T. Lee, of Northwood, Iowa, 
wrote a few weeks ago "The Mystic Toil- 
ers have found rich soil here. They have 
taken in 79 members in a short time. My 
people have been worked by these Toil- 
ers, but they have all withstood the 
temptation. In their circulars which the 
Toilers distribute they state that fra- 
ternal societies have existed for hundreds 

of years in England and that they have 
paid $1,000 at the death of a member for 
less than $10 per annum. Not all lodge 
agents succeed in lying so that all the 
people will believe them." 

Some days ago a debate was arranged 
for in Kinsett, Iowa, between the Meth- 
odist minister at that place and myself on 
the subject of secret societies. Great in- 
terest was shown and everything pointed 
to that there would be a very large at- 
tendance. The anti-secret society peo- 
ple then went to work and secured the 
opera hall in order that all should have 
a chance to hear. I also began to load 
my guns and be ready for the battle, 
when alas ! all of a sudden the debate was 
declared ofif by the lodge defender. The 
people in Kinsett now insist on a debate, 
and they want the lodge people to send 
ofif for some expert to defend them. I 
hope they will get one. 

On Sunday night (April 14, 1901) I 
address my congregation in Deer Creek, 
Iowa, on the subject of "Secret Socie- 
ties." This is my second address this 
year in this congregation. The secret 
societies are putting in extra work 
around here, so I think I had better ad- 
minister an antidote immediately. The 
secret societies have been boasting that 
they will soon have my members, but 
they have found an awful rugged road 
as yet. To my knowledge they have not 
got one of my members for years. 


On Train, En Route West, 

April 18, 1 90 1. 

Dear Cynosure — How quickly the 
month has passed ! The year is but a 
few months ! Again we start for the 
annual meeting. Are we grasping all the 
opportunities for good ? is a question we 
have often to ask. What is our earthly 
life? The Scripture replies, "A vapor." 
As we pass from day to day, month to 
month, and year to year, we are encour- 
aged in the thought that in the final 
ingathering it will appear that we have 
not lived in vain. 

After gathering up "the threads" of 
the Pennsylvania convention and a brief 
visit with the loved at home, we accom- 
panied father as far as New York on his 

May, 1901. 



homeward journey. Here we found a 
field for the exercise of our utmost 
strength and abihty for over two weeks. 
We were invited to preach in the mis- 
sion of the Second United Presbyterian 
Church, Jersey City ; lecture in the Cov- 
enanter Church, Brooklyn ; give testi- 
mony and speak in a minor way in sev- 
eral of the missions and churches. 

We attended two services of the Sev- 
enth Day Adventists and found several 
interested whom we hope to help more 
in the future. The pastor and assistants 
wevQ very cordial. A young man, with 
an impetuous nature, making a false as- 
sumption, was somewhat trying. We al- 
ways hope such will get wisdom with 

We wxre much cheered in finding 
those who have seconded our efforts in 
other years glad to help again. Surely 
God will reward those who are sustain- 
ing his cause. 

Rev. George, of the Covenanter 
Church, was most cordial. The church 
over which he presides is building up 

My home while on the Brooklyn side 
was with Mr. John Prichard, editor of 
the Christian Nation. His son, John H., 
who is pastor of the R. P. Church at 
White Lake, N. Y., accompanied by his 
bride, attended the lecture. 

Bro. Parker's church, having expand- 
ed in its mission work, was prospering 
as usual. His people are kept interested 
in the reforms. 

Several pastors of the General Coun- 
cil Lutheran are desirous that I help 
them to instruct their young people re- 
garding the evils of the lodge. It is ex- 
pected that a series of lectures will be 
arranged with them next November. 
Any in New York desiring lectures at 
that time will please communicate with 

The Missouri Lutheran friends were 
helpful as ever. They show their appre- 
ciation of The Cynosure and its work by 
subscribing to its support. 

One of the first whom we see when 
reaching New York is Pastor Seiker. He 
is a venerable and worthy leader. Two 
sons support him in the ministry. The 
President of the English division of the 
Missouri Synod, Pastor Wm. Dallmann, 
honored vour asrent with an invitation to 

supper. Much valuable information, to- 
gether with a renewal to The Cynosure, 
was thus obtained. 

While securing the subscription of 
Pastor F. Koepchen, he related several 
thrilling experiences with lodge men that 
should be printed and circulated, as they 
reveal in a striking way not only the un- 
christian character, but the impudence 
of the lodges in trying to force them- 
selves in where they are not wanted, 
maligning and seeking .to destroy the 
men who oppose them. The stand taken 
by this fearless defender of truth is 
worthy of emulation. 

Not infrequently in revisiting towns I 
learn of those who were lodge members 
when I first came to their place, who 
have come out on the side of Christ and 
the Church. Last year when teaching 
the Bible class of the Brethren Church, 
AUentown, Pa., a man hurriedly left the 
class. He belonged to many lodges. 
This year he made me welcome. He had 
been converted. 

I should like to write of many good 
things received of many, as it gives pleas- 
ure to recount blessings rather than 
trials. Time and your patience will not 

Our next report will be to the annual 
meeting. W. B. Stoddard. 


Held at Harrisburg March 18 and 19, 1901. 

Harrisburg is the beautiful capitol city 
of the grand Keystone State. The ses- 
sions were held in the capacious ^larket 
Hall. Field Secretary W. B. Stoddard 
called the convention to order and stated 
the object of the gathering. Rev. A. ]\L 
Fretz offered the opening prayer. In 
the absence of the President of the As- 
sociation, Rev. R. G. Gault. the Mce 
President, Rev. G. S. Seiple, took the 
chair and requested the audience to join 
in singing ''AH Hail the Power of Jesus' 
Name." Rev. A. M. Fretz was chosen 
Secretary pro tem. Rev. W. IMcNally, 
of the city, welcomed the convention 
with toucliing words, in which he as- 
serted with emphasis, "Christians do not 
need secret societies." The chairman re- 
sponded to the address of welcome. 


^lay, 1901. 

The following committees were then 
named : On Rtesolntion, Rev. J. C. Mc- 
Feeters, 'Mr. G. W. Perry, Mr. G. G. 
Lehmer : on Finance, Rev. J. P. Stod- 
dard, ]\Ir. J. S. Youkey, Mrs. Dans- 
bangh ; on Nomination of Officers, Rev. 
P. 6. Wagner, Rev. R. G. Pinkerton, 
]Mr. II. \\\ Brenneman ; on Enrollment, 
Rev. T. C. Pease, Mr. A H. Wagner, 
Rev. C. A. ]\Iummert ; on Entertainment, 
Rev. W. B. Stoddard, Rev. W. McNally, 
^\Ir. John White ; on Music, Rev. A. S. 

Rev. J. Ralston Wylie, of College 
Springs, Iowa, ably addressed the con- 
vention on the question, "Do W^e Need 
Education Regarding the Lodge?" 
Rev. R. G. Pinkerton, of York County, 
presented the topic, "Is the Lodge Con- 
ducive to Spiritual Growth?" founding 
his address on the tests in John 14 : 6, 3 : 
21, and Eph. 5 : 11-12. 

Rev. Hatton, of Harrisburg, Pa., de- 
fended the lodge as a means of counter- 
acting the encroachments of the Church 
of Rome, and also on patriotic grounds. 
Revs. Wylie, Stoddard, McNally and 
others contended that the lodge system 
is evil and to be condemned, though its 
pretended object be good. 

Second Session. 

The devotional services were led by 
Rev. Myers. "Do We Need Secret So- 
cieties ?" was the theme of the main ad- 
dress of the evening by Rev. G. S. Seiple, 
of Chambersburg. "No, Not One," was 
sung with much fervor, after which Rev. 
W. B. Stoddard illustrated "The Way 
In," by a chalk talk. He showed how 
young men, even ministers of the Gos- 
pel, are ensnared by these wily and 
wicked secret organizations. 

Third Session. 

The devotional services led by Rev. J. 
C. IVIcFeeters were followed by the read- 
ing of letters of sympathy and encour- 
agement from friends of the cause who 
could not attend the convention. 

The Committee on Nominations re- 
ported and' the following officers were 
elected for the ensuing year : President, 
G. S. Seiple, Chambersburg; Vice Presi- 
dent, A. S. Aiken, Airville ; Secretary, S. 
R. Smith, Harrisburg ; Treasurer, Edwin 
P. Sellew^ Philadelphia. 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard read a very 
strong paper prepared by Rev. A. D. 

Wenger, of Millersville, on the topic, 
"Why I Do Not Join the Lodge." Elder 
Samuel H. Hertzler, of Elizabethtown, 
addressed the convention on the subject 
of "Swearing." Elder F. Balsbaugh, of 
Hockersville, spoke on "Needed Light. '^ 
Rev. J. P. Stoddard, of Boston, answered 
very ably the queries in the question box. 

Fonrth Session. 

The devotional services were conduct- 
ed by Rev. C. A. Mummart. Rev. Silas. 
C. Swallow, of Harrisburg, the "fighting 
parson," as some one has styled him, 
gave a telling address on the topic, "The- 
Church and the Lodge." The conven- 
tion was permitted to have a glimpse into 
the mysteries of the dark continent in the 
address of Rev. Alfred Sumner, of Ann- 
ville, a young native of Africa, on "Afri- 
can Secret Societies." 

Rev. J. C. McFeeters, chairman of the 
Committee on Resolutions, presented, 
the report which, after some discussion, 
pro and con, was adopted. 

Time was then given for five-minute 
talks either for or against the lodge. A 
few lodge friends present very naturally 
took a'dvantage of the courtesy granted 
them, and there was a somewhat ani- 
mated debate to the close of the after- 
noon session. 

Fifth Session. 

Devotional services were conducted 
by Rev. G. W. Perry. The main address 
of the evening was on "True and False 
Brotherhood," by Rev. T. P. Stevenson,, 
of Philadelphia. The reverend gentle- 
man in very able arguments showed 
what true brotherhood is, and that lodge 
1)rotherhood, being spurious, is a rival of 
the divinely created brotherhoods. 

Rev. J. P. Stoddard, of Boston, very 
forcibly showed by a chalk talk "The 
Way (Dut." Rev. Wylie offered the clos- 
ing prayer and pronounced the benedic- 
tion. "Blest Be the Tie that Binds" was. 
sung and the convention adjourned, in 
the hope that some advance had been 
made toward the overthrow of the king- 
dom of darkness. 

Allen M. Fretz, Secretary pro tem. 

"No, Willie dear," said mamma, "no 
more cake to-night. Don't you know 
you cannot sleep well on a full stomach ?" 
"Well," replied Willie, "I can sleep on 
my back." 

May, 1901. 




Keport by Field Agent Rev. P. B. Williams. 

On the i8th of March I left Sidney, 
Ohio, for Northern Indiana, and landed 
-at Huntington, Ind., late in the evening, 
'Consulted a few brethren, who favored 
the convention, and the next morning 
I called on Elder Moss of the German 
Baptist Brethren Church, who very kind- 
ly and cheerfully tendered the use of 
their church for the Convention. 

A Program. 

Address of Welcome, Elder Aaron 
Moss, Huntington ; Response, Rev. P. 
B. Williams, field agent N. C. A. ; The 
Inconsistencies of Secretism, Elder I. J. 
Kosenberger ; Some Reasons for Leav- 
ing Secret Societies, Mr. Fred Way- 
mack, Huntington ; Secret Societies in 
Africa, Rev. R. A. Morrison, a returned 
missionary; The National Christian As- 
sociation — Its Aims and Objects, Rev. 
Saml. H. Swartz, President National 
Christian Association ; The Law of Love 
and Secret Societies, Rev. Wm. Dillon, 
D. D., editor of the Christian Conserva- 
tor ; Baal Worship in the Lodge, Elder 
Quincy Leckrone, Glenford, Ohio ; Se- 
cret Societies and Selfishness, Elder 
Aaron I. Mow, Argos, Ind. ; Open Par- 
liament, with addresses by Messrs. Smith 
and Johnson, lawyers, of Huntington, 
Elder Hodgdon and others ; Secret So- 
cieties, Bishop Halleck Floyd, D. D., 
Dublin, Ind. ; Closing Address, Presi- 
dent Samuel H. Swartz, D. D., Plain- 
lield. 111. 

I then visit-ed a number of points, ere- - 
ating all the interest possible. I spoke 
four times in the German Baptist Col- 
lege at North Manchester, and received 
the thanks of teachers, students and 
many members of the church. These 
people are among the very best reformers 
of the land. They are not afraicf to take 
a position and stand by it. 

I was welcomed at the Etna Avenue 
United Brethren Church in Huntington, 
where I spoke a number of times. This 
is where Dr. Dillon and Rev. A. G. John- 
son have their membership. Rev. S. L. 
Bougher is pastor. I spoke one night 
each at Victory chapel and Macedonia 
Church, on Zanesville Circuit, Rev. J. M. 
Sherer pastor. 

I had very good congregations and 
met a number of old friends of other 
years when I was pastor there twenty- 
three years ago, and among them Rev. 
Wm. Hoverstock, the Thomases, yiy- 
grants, Grubaughs, and others. I spoke 
one night at Servia United Brethren 
Church, Rev. C. Weimer pastor. Here 
I met a number of staunch, loyal anti- 
secrecy people, who, with their pastor, 
are not afraid to say amen to the truth 
against the lodge, and other gross evils 
of the day. 

The convention opened Monday night 
with at least six hundred interested lis- 
teners present. 

The address of welcome by the pastor 
was very cordial. 

I replied, giving some reasons for be- 
ing here, and mapping out the work of 
the convention. 

The address of Elder I. J. Rosenberger 
brought out some of the inconsistencies 
of secrecy. The elder is an excellent 

Prof. Metz, of Central U. B. College, 
had a quartette present, which sang two 
songs during this first session. 

The Tuesday morning session was 
opened with prayer and reading of Scrip- 
ture by Elder Parker, of North Manches- 

Elder Lemuel Hillery, of Goshen, gave 
an excellent address. He is a seceding 

Rev. R. A. Morrison spoke well on Se- 
cret Societies in Africa. Having recent- 
ly returned from the dark continent, he 
was full of facts for the people concern- 
ing this great evil. 

Dr. Swartz captured and held the au- 
dience for an hour and a half on the Na- 
tional Christian Association — Its Aims 
and Object. 

Tuesday afternoon session — Prayer by 
Rev. S. L. Bougher. Baal Worship in 
the Lodge was handled in a most master- 
ly manner by Elder Ouincy Leckrone. 

He showed up first the true nature of 
ancient Baal worship, and then from 
their own authorities showed the similar- 
ity between modern secretism and the 
ancient secretism. The address was one 
of the very best we have ever heard. 

Dr. Dillon spoke in a masterly way on 
his subject. All wished that he had more 


May, 1901. 

Secret Societies and Selfishness was 
well handled by Elder Aaron I. Mow. 

The time being all taken the Open 
Parliament was transferred to the even- 
ing, and the audience invited to assemble 
a half hour earlier than usual, wdiich they 

The evening session opened at 7 
o'clock with prayer by Rev. C. Weimer, 
of Servia, Ind. 

At the Open Parliament Rev. A. G. 
Johnson gave an excellent address. This 
brother is also a successful attorney of 
the city, and is not afraid to speak out 
in the plainest and most positive manner 
against the lodges. 

Elder Hodgdon spoke briefly at this 
session. Bishop Floyd of Dublin, Ind., 
gave an excellent address, and Rev. Dr. 
Swartz closed the addresses with a rous- 
ing one in which he held the large audi- 
ence till nearly 10. o'clock. 

The tide of interest simply increased 
from beginning to end. Requests for 
similar conventions came in from several 
points, including Fort Wayne and North 
Manchester. Elder Rosenberger mani- 
fested a desire that one might be held at 
Covington, Ohio. 

Resolutions of thanks were extended 
to the pastor and people for the use of 
the church and for the royal reception 
given us. The convention voted unani- 
mously to indorse and recommend Elder 
Quincy Leckrone as a suitable person to 
represent the work of the N. C. A. 

Thus closed one of the very best con- 
ventions ever held by your Field Agent. 

Mmm ¥o\m. 


Last winter two little children were 
standing in front of the main entrance to 
the Senate chamber, when Senator 
Chandler, who, as you know, is a great 
wag, and a friend came through the door. 
One of them, a little girl of 11, burning 
v.ith curiosity, stepped up to them and 
risked : 

"Mister, how match does it cost to go 
in there?" 

"You had better ask that gentlciiian 
coming up the corridor," said the Sena- 
tor from New Hampshire, pointing to 
Senator Clark of Montana, who was leis- 
urely approaching the entrance. 
—Washington LeUer in the Chicago Record. 

When a brother stays away from his- 
lodge habitually ttiere is a reason for it. It 
is the duty of the Master to find out the rea- 
son.— Masonic Standard. 

And maybe his duty to adk:>pt it as his. 

Non-proselyting and non-aggressive^ 
the Masonic fraternity as a .whole pur- 
sues the even tenor of its way. It frowns, 
on the vulgarism of display. 
— ^lasonic Journal. 

That is what it sometimes appears to 
have to frown on, if it frowns at all. 

The closing paper is on "Indian Rites and 
Freemasonry," and is by Brother Israel B. 
B. Sprague. 
— Noti3e of Grand Lodge Report. 

It would be a feather in the Masonic, 
scal^-lo'ck if it could trace back to abo^ 
rigin'al savages. How ancient and noble 
must have been all the wigwam supersti- 
tions and customs ! 

The artist can make a beautiful purse out 
of a pig's ear, but we challenge art or science- 
to make a gentleman of one of those men 
who, by some indiscretion, are fi*om time to. 
time admitted to our order. 

Such men do not show our order up to ad- 
vantage, but on the other hand serve to keep 
good men out. 
—Buckeye Trail. 

A whoop by the noble Red man. 

It is a curious coincidence that just at this, 
time also the Yale authorities are engaged 
in a work of investigating the work of initia- 
tion in the secret societies of the various uni- 
—Boston Record, April 9. 

The coincidence appears to be with 
Harvard hazing, which nowadays hideSs 
under the secret society forms. The D. 
K. E. seems to be a nuisance that ought 
to b.e abated. 

The venerable Kidder, who has beenj 
an Odd Fellow fifty-four years, asks r 
''Can any one tell us who was the author 
of our dedicatory ceremony?" If Kidder 
can't tell, well may we "ask the stars." 
— O. Y. Com. 

May, 1901. 



The Craftsman, of Cardiff, Wales, has an 
illustration entitled "A Safe Light." It is a 
vessel in high rolling waves at sea, in view of 
a lighthouse from which the light is Free- 
masonry. On the vessel are the pope and the 
pilot. The pope exclaims: "There's that con- 
founded light again; I thought I had succeed- 
ed in putting it out." The pilot answers: "If 
you did it would be a great calamity. It is 
one of the safest lights to steer by that I 
know of." We add, And the pity is that some 
of the Craft forget to steer by it and so bring 
discredit upon themselves and the fra- 
— Voice of Masonry. 

Do you mean when they turn and steer 
by the true light ? 

A great many Odd Fellow journals are ad- 
vocating biennial sessions of the Sovereign 
Grand Lodge, advocating that $25,000 could 
be saved yearly. Should this change be made, 
no doubt many Grand Lodges would adopt 
the same plan. 

If $25,000 a year could be saved by 
having sessions only once in two years, 
how much could be saved by having 
them once in two hundred ? How much 
if once in two thousand? 

"A lodge has no authority to use its funds 
to pay assessments on a life insurance policy, 
even though made out in favor of the lodge, 
especially where there are grave doubts that 
the amount of the policy would be paid to 
the lodge in case of the death of the in- 
— California Grand Lodge. 

If the lodge did not keep up the policy 
made in its favor, it might prove, as Alark 
Twain says, poor play and bad for the 


Grand lodge statistics reported in 1900 
show that initiates who took the first step 
but did not proceed to the third reduced 
the real accessions to the blue lodge in"" 
three jurisdictions as follows : 

Illinois, 281; Wisconsin, 64; Prince 
Ed. Id., 12. More than 350 in only three 
jurisdictions failed to become Master 
]\Iasons, and of these many must have 
stopped from choice. It does not take 
some men long to detect a quality in ]\Ia- 
sonry that makes it worthless or offen- 
sive to th''-m. 

Continued agitation by graduates and un- 
dergraduates of Yale college has resulted in 
the publication of a decision by the faculty, 
which means the termination of the exist- 
ence of all of the sophomore societies, three 
in number, now existing in the college. It 
had been urged against these societies that 
the democracy of Yale was Imperiled be- 
cause of the "insidious politics" of the or- 
—Springfield Republican. 

"Insidious politics" is a pretty good 
phrase to preserve. Pigeon-hole it with 
"dignified silence." 

Bro. Wm, McKinley, President of the 
United States, recently visited Winchester,. 
Va., for the purpose of visiting his mother 
lodge and sitting in the room of a residence 
utilized during the civil war by Hiram 
Lodge as a lodge room and wherein he was 
made Mason. The Masons and the public 
gave him a royal reception. 

And Bro. McKinley is the man who, 
almost on the very spot where Washing- 
ton wrote a denial of the false report a 
hundred years before, rehashed the fic- 
tion that he was Alaster of a lodge. 

How many Masons take the name of 
God in vain, use profane language in the 
home, on the streets, in the by-ways and 
high-ways, and even in the lodge room? 
Brothers, be careful of your language, so 
that you may not thus bring reproach 
upon the institution you have the honor 
to represent. 
— Indian Mason. 


The forty-fifth annual communication of 
the Grand Lodge of Freemasons in Minne- 
sota, held in St. Paul, Jan. 12 and 13, 1898. 

Resolved, That it shall be deemed un-Ma- 
sonic for any Mason within this jurisdiction 
to hereafter become a member of any insur- 
ance company having or using Masonic in- 
signia or the term Masonic, or referring to the 
Masonic fraternity in its title, or using illus- 
trations or representations of Masonic em- 
blems on its business cards, circulars or cor- 
respondence; and it shall be deemed un- 
Masonic for any Mason to hereafter solicit 
any person in this jurisdiction to become a 
member or beneficiary in any such organiza- 
tion using title or emblems indicated; pro- 
vided, that this resolution shall not take 
effect until March 31. 1899. 
— Voice of Masonry, February. 1898. 

They got ahead of Bro. Sleeth. 



May. 1901. 

Brother John F. Hardie now is Grand Mas- 
ter of Masons in Utah, and Brother Christo- 
pher Diehl, Grand Secretary. Their address 
is Salt Lake. Brother Diehl has served con- 
secutively since 1872 to this time. The 
Grand Lodge has declared non-intercourse 
with the Grand Lodge of Peru because of the 
latter's taking the Bible from the altar in 
the lodge room. It has not recognized the 
Grand Dieta of Mexico because of that body's 
-chaotic condition. It has declared all so- 
oalled Masonic insurance companies un- 
Masonic, and warned the brethren not to in- 
sure in them. 
— Yoije of Masonry. 

This appears consistent not merely for 
Mormons but strictly for Masons, in case 
the prevailing religion in Peru is Roman 
Catholic. "A Book of the Law" is Ma- 
sonically required, and should be in order 
to fairly meet Masonic requirements a 
book locally recognized in the country 
where the book lies on the altar for 
swearing purposes. 

If our ancestors, with all their superior* 
knowledge, have failed to make us as good 
and as intelligent as they were, they should 
be remembered only as unfortunate beings 
whose signal failure in life should excite our 
pity rather than our gratitude and reverence. 
If we have improved a little because of the 
experience of those who have "fought the 
good fight," and gone to their reward, why 
not give us a chance to display our superior 
ability by INVENTING A NEW WAY to 
satisfy our vanity or add a little to our happi- 
ness, while sojourning in a country which, at 
best, is a land of many sighs and griefs and 
pains. — Missouri Freemason. 

What new degree or order are you in- 
terested in now, and how many feathers, 
ribbons and capital letters does it provide 
to "satisfy our vanity?" And how big are 
the fees and dues ? 


Some years ago the energetic Professor 
Schwarz was conducting a musical society. 
They were practicing Mendelssohn's "Eli- 
jah," and had reached the chorus, "Hear us. 
Baal; hear, mighty god!" The men's voices 
were booming out sonorously when the con- 
ductor cried out, "No! No! De dreadful 
vowel! Don't say 'B-a-l-e;' soften a leetle— 
give de more musical sound— 'Bal.' " There- 
upon the chorus took the strain again— "Hear 
us Bawl— hear us Bawl!" But they quickly 
realized the peculiar fitness of the word, and 

broke down in peals of laughter, to the great 
amazement of the little German, who never 
saw the joke, but returned reluctantly to the 
old pronunciation. 
—The Knight. 

There have been those who would 
have thought this the right pronuncia- 
tion for a lodge chorus, however. 


Albert Lea, Minn., April 9, 1901. 
I prize the paper very highly. God 
bless its work. 

(Rev.) O. G. Belsheim. 

Homer City, Pa., April 8, 1901. 
The cause you represent is a noble 
cause, and The Cynosure is an ably 
edited periodical. 

(Rev.) M. S. Telford. 

Swanzey, N. H., March 7, 1901. 
I should as soon think of doing with- 
out a denominational paper as without 
The Cynosure. To sustain its cause is 
a part of church work. 

(Rev.) Lucien C. Kimball. 

Edmond, Okla. Ter., March 20, 1901. 

I have been a reader of The Cynosure 
for twenty-five years and I cannot give 
it up now. A. Comstock. 

Whittier, Iowa, March 5, 1901. 
I had thought to discontinue the mag- 
azine, but The Cynosure is too much like 
a good friend. It has been in our family 
so long, and now that my dear husband 
is no more, I feel that I can not do with- 
out it. He was a strong opposer of se- 
cret societies, and w^as a true Christian. 
With respect, Frances T. Jackson. 

March 19, 190 1. 
I appreciate The Cynosure very much. 
I have been a subscriber but a short time, 
but I must say that it is one of the best 
papers that comes to my study. As I 
was looking over the March number to- 
day I noticed that this is the second day 
of the convention at Harrisburg. I just 
dropped upon my knees and asked God's 
blessing to rest upon that assembly and 
those Christian reformers. 
. I am having a continual battle with 

May, 1901. 


the secret society devil here. There are 
two churches in the town, the M. E. and 
the A. C. The M. E. Church, pastor and 
all, are completely given over to the 
lodge system. By the grace of God I 
have been able to keep our membership 
clean so far. Some time ago I lectured 
on "Secretism; Is it of God?" The so- 
cieties were well represented in the con- 
gregation. I handled the subject just as 
lovingly as I could without gloves, but, 
oh, my ! what an avalanche I brought 
down on my poor head ! But, bless the 
Lord, I did not enter the fight to retreat 
or surrender, and so here goes for vic- 
tory. W. E. Snider, 
Pastor Advent Christian Church. 
Floyd, Iowa. 


New Iberia, La., Feb. 23, 1901. 

Dr. W. I. Phillips : Your letter of a 
recent date is at hand. I am very glad 
to receive a letter from you, as it indi- 
cates that you are interested in our 
school. Howe Institute has an enroll- 
ment of one hundred pupils, and the 
work is progressing nicely in all the de- 

I have long known of your efforts 
through the N. C. A. to save our (col- 
ored) people from the influences of se- 
cret societies. In all this you have had 
my influence, prayers, and sympathy. 
Indeed, we value very highly The Cyno- 
sure and are glad to have the young 
men that attend the school read it. The 
reading of The Cynosure in the school 
by young men enables them to enter the 
world with their eyes open to the evils 
of these organizations. 

Pres. Jonas Henderson. 


Years ago the statement appeared in 
The Cynosure that a man never goes 
from a "contrite closet" to join the lodge, 
that it is impossible that contrition for 
sin should lead a man into secret asso- 
ciations. We now have the statement 
verified by Mr. Wellesley-Wesley'^, who 

*See tract. "Graciously Delivered," by Rer. 
AVellesley-Wesley. For sale by the Xa- 
tional Christian Association. 

is thoroughly convinced that with an en- 
tire surrender to Christ, the divine hand 
will lead a man not only to keep out, but 
if in the lodge to come out. There seems 
to be nothing peculiarly dififerent in his 
case from that of other self-satisfied sin- 
ners who would rather not be disturbed 
in their evil practices. 

He opens the way for me to ask for 
what I have a long time hungered after, 
viz., the conversion of our ministry. We 
number our church members by millions, 
but the strength of the church lies where 
no man can measure it — in the number 
and character of its members who pray 
in their closets as the Lord commanded. 

It was the leaders of the church who 
cried "Crucify Him! Crucify Him!" It 
was the leaders in the Apostolic Church 
that led her so far out of the w^ay that 
God could not use her for His purposes. 
Hence it would not seem out of place 
for me to suggest that the N. C. A., 
through The Cynosure, ask all those that 
know^ how to pray, to pray for our clergy 
throughout the land, that they may be 
converted and wholly surrender them- 
selves to our Lord and Savior Jesus 
Christ. If concert is better, appoint a 
time. If fasting is an aid to prayer, let 
us fast. There might not be many who 
would observe such a call, but there 
might be enough. "Five loaves and two 
fishes" have been known to go a great 

Through our Elder Brother every 
ounce of power in Heaven is at the dis- 
posal of the church to remove this lodge 
mountain that is so heavily sinking her 
into the sea. - Chloe Long. 

Rutland, Vt., April 2, 1901. 


"There is no provision made for the 
case of a worthy brother who has been 
regular in' his attendance at the lodge 
meetings, and/ may desire to retain his 
membership, but whose circumstances- 
are such that justice to his family will not 
permit him to pay the usual quarterly 
dues. It will thus be seen that, because 
of poverty, a brother is ostracised and 
classed among criminals." 
—Masonic R. A. Report, Maryland. 1898. 



May. 1901. 

fable mi 


Slowly the earth is awaking, 

Its pulses beat more strong, 
The beauty of spring is breaking 

Beneath the bluebirds' song. 
The tender twilight is length'ning, 

The wind more softly blows, 
The fields are changing to verdure, 

The brook more swiftly flows. 

Sweet, sweet ! the robins are singing, 

Swinging 'mid budding trees ; 
Spring ! Spring ! the south wind is calling. 

As it blows o'er the leas, 
With a ho'st of gallant courtiers, 

Up through the fields and lanes. 
Spring comes in her robes of splendor. 

Queen o'er the land she reigns. 
—Louise Lewin Mathews, in Schcol Physiology 



Diphtheria had been epidemic in the 
mission, and Httle Freddie was repeated- 
ly warned by his mother that he must not 
play near the house that had the blue pla- 
card on it, for fear he would contract the 
disease and die. Freddie became thor- 
oughly imbued with the idea that diph- 
theria was about the most terrible thing 
that could happen to a small boy. 

The other day he ran away from home, 
and when his mother finally found hirn 
she informed him that h€ was going to 
get whipped when he got home. 

"How are you going to whip me, mam- 
m-a," he inquired, d'olefuUy. 

"I am going to spank you with the hair 

After meditating some little time he 
said : 

''Mamma, I want to talk to you." 

''Well, what do you want to say?" 

"Well — mamma," he sobbed, "once 
there was — a little boy — and — and — ^and 
his mother spanked him with the hair 
brush — and — and — and it gave him diph- 

The mother felt that she could not run 
any such terrible risk — and Freddie es- 
— San Francisco Post. 

In the wooded regions of the AUe- 
ghanies a hunter once shot a large eagle. 
Surprised that the king of birds should 
be such an easy victim, he ran to pick 
up his prize and found one of the eagle's 
legs fast in a powerful steel trap. It was 
evident from the battered condition of the 
trap that the eagle hiad struggled long 
and fiercely to rid himself of his burden, 
but to no purpose. Although he could 
still fly, his CA^ery movement was ham- 
pered by the weight and at last it brought 
him within range of the hunter's rifle. 

It is only occasionally and by accident 
that bird or beast is thus prevented from 
living an untrammeled life, but so com- 
mon has it become for people to bind up- 
on themselves the shackles of a depraved 
appetite that only the exceptional ^-outh 
is free to make the most of himself. 
—School Physiology Journal. 


• There are many who would die for 
Christ, but in these times He calls for 
nueri willing to live for Him. What is 
needed to-day is a higher heroism, a no- 
bler, more costly martyrdom — that of the 
living sacrifice, the sustained resolve, the 
renewed self-giving, the daily consecra- 
— Josiah Strong, D. D. 


When I have time I'll pause and turn 

I'll take the narrow way ; forsake the 

wide ; 
I'll shun the thoroughfares where traffic 
Forever and anon. 
Where lucre's sheen the soul of mankind 
But drives and shoves him on; 
And guides his fingers to his neighbor's 

And sinks him to perdition's depths or 
worse — 
I'll quit these scenes some day — 
When I have time. 

When I have time, at home I'll spend it 

I'll kiss the face that greets me at the 


May, 190J. 


And by my tired wife I'll take my place, 

Her burdens will I share. 
I'll smooth her way; I'll banish from her 
The shad\vy clouds of care, 
I'll hie me to the by-ways ; the oppressed 
I'll aid ; I'll' comfort the distressed. 
These things I'll do, and more — 
When I have time. 

When I have time I'll make my peace 

with God ; 
I'll tread the paths that other saints have 

trod ; 
I'll take my dusty Bible from its shelf 

And read it through and through. 
I'll learn to love my neighbor aS' myself 

(A precept learned by few). 
And then, some day, I'll lay me down to 

Well satisfied that I have done my best — 
Some day ; not now ; not yet ; 
W^hen I have time. 
— Lawrence Porcher Hext, in Leslie's Weekly. 


A pound of energy with an ounce of 
talent will achieve greater results than a 
pound of talent with an ounce of energy. 
—William Mathews, LL.D. 


A rustic son of Erin paid a visit to Dub- 
lin and went to a hotel on some busi- 
ness in connection with his little farm. 
On the occasion he gained his first ex- 
perience of an elevator, and he after- 
wards described the event to his wonder- 
ing friends. 'T wint. as I was told," he 
said, ''to the big hotel, and whin I got in- 
soide the door I says, 'Is Misther Sulli- 
van in?' 'Sure he is/ says a fellow with 
a sojer's cap, 'an' will ye just step this 
way?' So I steps, as he tells me, intp a 
sort of cupboard, and all of a suddint he 
pulls a rope — it's the rale truth I'se tellin' 
ye — and the walls of the buildin' began 
runnin' down to the cellar. 'Och, mur- 
ther !' I shouts. 'What'U become of Bid- 
dy and the childer left below there?' 'Be 
aisy in yer moind, sorr,' says the sojer 
fellow ; 'they'll be all right when ye come 
down.' 'Come down?' I yells. 'An' it's 
no cupboard at all that I'm in, but a hay- 

thinish balloon !' Just thin the walls stood 
stock still-, and he opened a door, and 
there I was' with the roof just over my 
head. And. sure, that's all what saved 
me from goin' up tCKthe sky intoirely !'' 

Recreation. — Recreation has its place ; 
take care that it gets no more than its 
place. Never must it become the ruling 
passion. Let us keep it at our feet, our 
servant but never our master, and it will 
bless us ; on the throne, it will spread 
mental and moral anarchy throu'gh all 
our life. Recreation is like medicine. 
Take it in right measure, and it is a good 
tonic ; take too much and it becomes a 
poison. But if you ask me how much 
vou may safely take, I cannot tell you. 
Different people require different doses. 
It is a case of every man his own doctor. 
You must watch yourself and keep your 
finger on your own pulse, and ask your- 
self how much of this is good for you, 
and settle it on that ground in God's 
sight. — Rev. George. Jackson, B. A. 


Often 1 wish that I might be, 
This gay and golden weather, 

Among my father's fields— ah, me! 
And he and I together. 

Below the mountains, fair and dim, 
My fathers fields are spreading; 

I'd rather tread the sward with him 
Than I would dance at a wedding. 

O, green and fresh your English sod, 
With daisies sprinkled over; 

But greener far were the fields I trod, 
And the honeyed Irish clover. 

O. well your skylark cleaves the blue 
To bid the sun good-morrow; 

He has not the bonny song I knew 
High over an Irish furrow. 

And often, often I'm longing still 
This gay and golden weather, 

For my father's face on an Irish hill. 

And he and I together. 

The time has come for each church to 
support two pastors : one for the thou- 
sands at home, another for the m} riads 
abroad. • 
—The Rev. .Jacob Chamberlain, D. D. 



May, 1901. 

JJoices from tlie foht 

The Colorado Odd Fellow says that the 
Grand Secretary of Nevada, who was also 
Grand Treasurer of the Knights of Py- 
thias, is serving a term in the peniten- 
tiary for defaulting. 


It is familiar history in the Masonry of 
England, and of this country, that down 
to a very late period both lodges and 
grand lodg-es held their meetings in tav- 
erns and places of public resort. 
— Masonic Voice and Review, Dec. 15, 1900. 

The first grand lodge was organized in 
Apple Tree Tavern, London, England, 
early in the eighteenth century, and Ma- 
sonry has always been -associated with 


Under the above heading the Knight 
runs a-tilt at another Knight, which illus- 
trates to us benighted outsiders the sweet- 
ness and light of those wise and chas- 
tened souls who have dwelt in the calm 
seclusion and fraternal charm of the m.ys- 
.terious lodge. Says the editor: 

"Here is another beautiful effusion from 
the pen of this paresis-addled knight: 

•' *0h, mamma! how the toothless old gud- 
geon in Columbus snapped at the "We Jour- 
neyed Together" article. Not only snapped, 
but swallowed the whole thing, bait, hook, 
line, bobber and sinker.' 

"Yes, we gave it the benefit of our large 
circulation, but it does singe, and the beauty 
of it is in its truth." 

"But here is what a Pythian jouraal of re- 
pute, the Pythian Lodge Secret, of Atlanta, 
Ga.. thinks of Schism and his .Jewel: 

" 'The controversy^ now going on among 
some of the leading Pythian papers is dis- 
graceful, to say the least of it. The Knighf s 
Jewel never tires in devoting several columns 
in each issue to calling those who differ with 
it all kinds of names. The Pythian Record 
devotes almost an entire issue to paying Its 
respects to the editors of the Knight's Jewel 
and Pythian Tribune. The latter publication 
never fails to point the finger of scorn at cer- 
tain members of the Grand Lodge of Illinois, 
and so it goes. What is to be gained by all 
this? Is it inculcating the true spirit of 

Pythianism as taught by Damon and Pythias? 
In those days it was "sweet to die for those 
we love," but to-day there is no one to love^ 
according to these oracles of Pythianism.' 

"Such a prod under the ribs must be com- 
forting to the parties receiving it!" 



Three-quarters of a century ago, almost, a 
storm of malice, hate and rage swept 
through our land so it were desolate. Not 
monuments, or temples, or dwellings, the 
work of man's hands, were in the ruins. The 
wreck was such as man could glory in when 
he were partner with the evil one. No storm 
of nature was like to it in wrath. The human, 
fiends Avho boasted of their work saw men, 
their own fles'h and blood, driven from their 
homes, their wives, their children, their fire- 
sides, and their friends, for this one cause: 
They would not renounce their vow, which 
was. They true would be to God, Jehovah,, 
to native land, to neighbor and to self. 

The human part of this vile compact called; 
his own kin "Perjurer-Murderer." Families, 
were 'sundered like flax to which the torch 
had been applied. Men who had walked 
hand in hand for years, long years, were so 
estranged they would not know each other; 
like priest of old, near Jericho, they passed 
their old-time friends as though the shunned 
were lepers. 

This storm of anger, passion, dying out, the 
veterans relighted altar fires and hailed with 
joy the raising of the Temple walls. The 
persecuted then, we glory in to-day. 
— Voice of Mason^5^ 

He refers tO' the times of Adams^, Web- 
ster, Seward and other anti-Masons, 
when Masons abandoned lodges and 
charters were surrendered. We know 
that William Morgan was taken from his 
home and murdered by Masons, but 
hardly know where to look for sober his- 
tory to verify his charge that Masons 
were driven from their homes. Does he 
refer to their being summoned as wit- 


Every little while we learn of some doughty 
fellow who assumes to write "Rev." in front 
of his name getting up before an audience 
and hurhng his feeble anathemas at secret 
societies. The Masonic fraternity is the one 
that comes in for the most severe denuncia- 

Mav. 1901. 



tions, but we have yet to learu of any in- 
rstance wherein these brawlers have made an 
impression, except upon such as have al- 
ready, through their church affiliations, ro 
solved that secretism is a crime and should 
be suppressed. These fellows seek out 
Lutherans, U. B.'s, United Presbyterians, 
and snch ilk, before whom to deliver their 
•diatribes. The invariable '"penny collection" 
follows. It is this latter in which they are 
most interested, more so than for "the love 
of Christ." They are usually men who can- 
not sustain a lengthened service to a congre- 
gation, but having learned a lesson for the 
liour, they pour forth their oft-repeated in- 
uendoes and falsehoods for the expected 
nickels. Their cry is that its work is secret, 
done behind guarded doors, and not cried 
from the housetops, and these miserable 
charlatans are not permitted to be partakers 
in its benefits. They are "whited sepulchers," 
•of whom the Christ they profess to adore has 
uttered the most scathing denunciations. 

Have you heard many such, gentle 

3Iett)0paper0 ant) Beform* 

Hazing or its equivalent is not con- 
fined to college students and cadets at 
West Point. A blacksmith in Wheehng, 
W. Va., had his neck broken while being 
initiated into a lodge recently. Sensible 
men certainly should be above such 
ptierile practices as are often indulged 
in during initiations into secret societies. 
— Xorthwestern Christian Advocate, March 13, 



The Sons of \'eterans did not seem to 
think much of the movement to abolish 
the use of uniforms. It was said that 
many people were kept out of the organ- 
ization by the present cost of uniforms. 
But can this be possible ? What sup- 
ports the ''mystic orders." which flourish 
so abundantly in this country? Except 
in the more substantial orders, it is the 
craze to wear a tmiform. A man. who 
may be bullied by his wife and the rest 
of the family all day. feels exalted at 
night to put on a plumed hat and pinked 
yellow apron, and to be called the "puis- 
sant potentate of the outer gate." In 
order to make believe after that fashion 

some 75,000 people are paying annually 
$25 or more apiece, in plenty of "secret 
societies" whose secret is mainly that of 
getting an American to pay dearly for 
the privilege of dressing like a circus per- 
—Boston Daily Adverliser. 

The secret orders of our day are clam- 
oring for recognition as fraternal and 
Christianized institutions, \yhen they are 
neither. This anti-Christian oath-bound 
fiedgling of heathen parentage is stic- 
ceeding in stamping its image in the af- 
fections of many professed Christians, 
and is usurping the seat and authority of 
Jesus Christ, to an alarming extent. 
— Apostolic Messenger, February. 1901. 


[J. P. Atkinson, in American Baptist Flag.] 

My attention has been called to an ar- 
ticle written and published by Dr. Sam- 
field, editor of the Jewish Spectator, in 
which he reproved a Masonic brother for 
agreeing with a Grand Master, who inhis 
memorial address, in referring to the 
death of a brother, said that he fell asleep 
in Jesus, and that the deceased was a 
Christian in every sense. 

Dr. Samfield said as follows: "The Ma- 
sonic brother (who was agreeing with the 
Grand Master who used the name Jesus » 
placed himself outside of Masonic ethics, and 
takes an arbitrary view of the sacred func- 
tion and purpose of prayer by stating that 
Masons should not object to a sectarian 
prayer offered within the lodge. A Masonic 
prayer must be a pTayer to which all Masons 
can heartily respond, '"So mote it be." 
whether there are Deists. Spiritualists, The^ 
osopliists, Mohammedans, and Buddhists 
among them or not. Calling on Jesus in a 
l^rayer involves the doctrine of vicarious 
atonement, and an introduction of any such 
a theological tenet into an invocation or 
prayer within the lodge is un-Masouic, and 
beyond doubt a violation of Masonic ethics, 
more especially as there is no occasion for 
it. The place to give expression to a particu- 
lar dogma or sectarian doctrine is the 
church, the synagogue, mosque, but not the 

"If such in Masonic practice would be per- 
mitted to prevail, the disintegration and dis- 
solution of the Masonic brotherhood would 
eventually come to pass. The writer of these 
lines has attended divine worship in churches 


May, 1901. 

and has bowed bis head reverently when the 
doxology was rendered by the church choir, 
but he would emphatically protest if the 
trinitarian declaration would be introduced 
in Masonic lodges. Verily brother, it is be- 
cause Masonry is broad-gauge in its religion 
that no narrow-gauge sectarianism and sec- 
tionalism should be permitted to run through 

The above is terrifying to^ my very soul, 
knowing that the most of our ministers 
and theological teachers, and' many lay 
members of the church belong tO' Mason- 
ry or some other similar institution. In 
examining the above article I see that 
Dr. Samfield says that his brother has 
placed himself outside of Masonic ethics. 

I say by what ? By saying that his de- 
parted brother was asleep in Jesus? By 
speaking the name of Jesus in prayer? 
The Bible says there is no name under 
Heaven' nor among men- whereby man 
can be saved, except the name of Jesus of 

Then Dr. S. says his brother has an ar- 
bitrary view (a view without any fixed 
law) of the sacred functions^ and pur- 
poses of prayer. By what does his broth- 
er show he has taken this view? By us- 
ing the name of Jesus in prayer? What 
a view for God's people, a view that is 
without a fixed law of sacred functions 
and purposes' of prayer, because the name 
of Jesus is mentioned! Is not this a view 
for God's people ? Jesus says : "If a man 
love me he will keep my words, and my 
Father will love him' and we will make 
our abode with him'." — John 14: 13. 

I notice a Masonic prayer must be a 
prayer to which all Masons heartily re- 
spond, "So mote it be." God^s people 
agreeing in prayer with Deists, Spiritual- 
ists, Mohamxmedans' and Buddhists ! 

God's word says, "Have no fellowship 
with the unfruitful works of darkness, 
but rather reprove them." — Eph. 5:11. 

Again, not to mention the name of Je- 
sus in prayer when it is written : "If chil- 
dren, then heirs, heirs of God and joint- 
heirs with Jesus' Christ, and his Spirit 
beareth witness with our spirit that we 
are the children of God." I notice the 
place to give expression^ to a particular 
dogma is the church. Dogma (something 
ihat is undeniably true), is to be ex- 
pressed in the church, not in the lodge. 
I also see if such practices prevail (men- 
tioning Jesus' name), disintegration and 

dissolution of Masonic brotherhood 
w^ould eventually come to pass. Oh me^ 
what a brotherhood. A brotherhood that 
cannot stand if a dogma, an undeniable 
truth, is spoken in the sacred presence of 
its lodge! 

A brotherhood that dedicate their 
lodges to St. John, who was a forerunner 
of Christ, and cannot allow the name of 
the blessed Savior, Jesus, mentioned in. 
the sacred precincts of its lodge, and at 
the same time holding the majority, or 
many, of our ministers of the gospel of 
Christ, SO' bound to them by oaths that, 
they cannot or will not, see, the injunction 
in Ephesians 5: 11, "But rather reprove- 

Broad-gauge religion ? Everybody 
look. Alasonry is broad-gauge religionv 
and it is not religion enough, nor broad, 
enough, to allow our blessed Savior, Je- 
sus' name to even be mentioned in the 
sacred precincts of its lodge! 

"Whosoever shall confess me before- 
men, him will I also' confess' before my^ 
Father which is in Heaven. But whoso- 
ever shall deny me before men him will I 
also deny before my Father which is in 
Heaven." — Matt. 10: 32-33. 

If Dr. Samfield has put this subject be- 
fore the people wrongly, I would thank 
some Mason to answer me and say so, for 
I am one of those creatures who believes,,, 
"Verily, verily, I say unto you, he that 
entereth not by the door into the sheep 
fold but climbeth tip some other way the 
same is a thief and a robber." — John 10 1 
I and 7. 


The followmg letter was published in a, 
recent number of the Philadelphia Even- 

ing Bulletin 

To the Editor of "The Bulletin :" 

Sir : It has often struck me as amazing,, 
in fact beyond comprehension, that so 
many men and women, otherwise intelli- 
gent, will spend so much time upon the 
flummery and gewgaws connected with 
the numerous secret organizations of 
w^hich the city of Philadelphia is the 
home. In fact, I think this city contains 
more secret societies to the square acre 
than any other city in the country does to 
the square mile. Every chivalric Order 
of Knight, copying the mummeries which 

May, 1901. 



perhaps, meant something a thousand 
years ago, imitators of the defunct Red 
Men, societies professing to follow the 
Declaration of Independence and deny- 
ing equal rights upon the grounds of 
birth or religion to many of their fellow- 
citizens, these, through all the long list, 
flourish and abound, and thousands of 
people appear to make it their chief 
amusement to go through the senseless 
rigmarole of ritual and ceremony. It is 
a curious commentary upon the sense of 
humor in the American people. Most of 
these ceremonies are based upon Mor- 
gan's said to be expose of Masonry, and 
are only a mass of high-sounding phrases 
and picturesque humbug. Having been 
throi>gh the mill in several of these or- 
ders, and knowing a large number of peo- 
ple who appear to be "fiends" on the sub- 
ject, attending lodges almost very night 
in the week, I rise to remark that if these 
brothers and sisters would spend the 
same amount of time in sensible amuse- 
ments, practical reforms and the cultiva- 
tion of pleasant homes a great deal of 
wasted energy would be saved and some- 
thing accomplished in the way of perma- 
nent good for themselves and others. I • 
do not deny that there are good features 
attached to these orders, but the flum- 
mery and mumbo-jumbo rites are purely 
ridiculous. Common Sense. 


The following is an exact copy, spell- 
ing, grammar and all, o'f the charter of a 
negro lodge, organized in 1877, in Little 
Rock, Ark. : 

American Knights of Freedom. 

Little Rock, June 26, 1877. 
The unders'ined American Sitisens have 
agreade that we would organise a society 
after wdiich we pro>ceeded and did so on 
the 26 of June yy, and they are the folow- 
ing names : (29 nam^es follow.) 
the principles on which resits our Nation- 
al Government chief among which are 
free education and equal re^liguous politi- 
cal and civil rights to all men, and this 
order shall 

1st — Be Known by the nam and stiai St. 
Pauls Lodge No. i, which we are the 
American Nights of Freed'om. 
2. Our intention is to take care of all that 
com in our ranks in sickness in helth in 

poverty or whenever called to thair as- 
sistance by our haling cry of distress our 
desins is religious to do all the good we 
can and as little harm as posable. 

That this order consyts of grand mas- 
ter, miaster on sermons, chappel and so 
on this our plans and intentions. 

3. All persons applyin-g for membership 
shall bee endorsed by 2 members of this 
order, and the inetated fees shall bee 
$2.50 monthly — Dues 25 cents unless 
otherwise provided. 

4. That we — not m'ake eny man that is a 
drunked or a gambler no theeaf or rober 
no man with 2 wives nor that is iu' eny 
weys hostal to the working men of the 
nation and &c. 

5. That this socieity co'nsists of the ladys 
entrance that no lady can joyn except the 
wife or mother daughter or sister of the 
Brother of the Knights. 

6. That all members o'f this order must 
ware the same badge & all members must 
have the regular acording to the order of 
the Grand Master. 

7. That the grand Master shall sleet all 
badges regalues and implements for the 
Benifite of this order of the Brothers of 
the Knights of Freedom. 

8. That a destentive sound may bee may 
be w^arnig bv the member which will be 
known by the (N. E. C.) 

9. That upon the death of any member if 
he is married the Society shall see after 
the well fair of his w^idow or orphans. 

10. That it shall be the duty of the Grand 
^Marshall to command in all prosision and 
division and to have an eye to neetness of 
the dress of memibers all so to take care 
of all the impliments of the lodge. 

11. That upon the death of eny member 
of the order the Brothers shall all as- 
sist in Burying him ; also thar- shall bee 
one Steward appointed to every ward, and 
his dut}- shall be to see after the sick and 
poor and needy members of the Society 
and reporte the same at eny meeting of 
the Brothers of Knits. 

12. That no debates is alowed in this So- 
ciety in the time of Busness under no 
Concerderaion. ^lembers failing to ob- 
serve the galvel is to bee expelled fourth 
with. All member failing to attend a 
meeting of this order after having been- 
notified shall bee fined not less than 50cts 
not more than One dollar and of failing 
to pay is to bee expelled fnurthwith. 



May, 1901. 

13. No vote or election can bee reconcid- 

14. That eny members fanuHe dies and he 
is not able to bury them the Brothers of 
this Society shall contribute cherfly to 
his destress. 

15. That all moneys that is payd in to this 
order out cide of the expences is to bee 
turned over to the Treasur and put in the 
Bank all without $5.00 he shall keep on 
band in case of emergincie. , 

16. That no moneys is to be drawing out 
except a check sined by the grand master 
and counter sined by Secretary and the 
saim timie notfying the members of the 

17. All members that is expelled from this 
Society shall bee divested of the Badge 
and regalue and all other impHments be- 
longing to the order, and sihall not be€ 
aloAved to wear them until he give satis- 
faction to the charge that is against him 
at the sam tim improving himself. 

18. That eny member that is found gilty 
of divulging eny of the secrets of this so- 
ciety or burlesing eny of its works is to 
bee expelled and his name publisihed that 
all the other So'cietys may look out for 
the man and that he sliall bee no more re- 
ceived in this Society und^r no concidera- 

19. All members failing to pay up his dues 
3 months is to be expelled. 

20. Eny brother failing to notify his or- 
d'er or some other brother when he is to 
leave the city shall bee fined in a sum not 
less than $1.00 not more than $2.00 and 
failing to pay shall be hanled according 
to law. 

21. Eny member having been fined is to 
be notified at the first comunakinon and 
shall pay by the second mee<ting after no- 

22. That 35 cts ^hall be retained ofif each 
inetated fee for to help to ddfray the trav- 
eling expenses of the grand master in 
seeting up other branches of this lodg 
and to enstructe and lecture and so on. 

23. That all persons applying for mem- 
berslhipe shall be Ballotred for and of five 
Black Balls appear against him you shall 
declair him rejected and of- all white he is 

24. Thirteen to sixteen memibers shall 
constute a coram for the transact of eny 

25. All canadates applying for member- 
shipe shall send his money in with his pe- 
tichian which will be $2.50 cts and of re- 
seved he shall be notified to meet at any 
regular meeting and of he fails to meet 
after being notified he forfeits all of his 
money to the Society and of he is reject- 
ed his money is returned to him again. 

26. The Oth and obligation which we re- 
quir all that enter our councl — I, John 
Smith of my own free will and accorde in 
the presan'ts of almighty god and this 
worshipfull of the free and excepted 
Nights dedicated to God and heltfourth 
to the holy order of St. Pauls do hereby 
and heron most solm'rtly and cincerely 
proms and swar that I will all ways Hail 
ever conceal and never reveal eny parte 
or parts arte or artes pointe or pointes of 
the secret artes and mistrys of ancient 
Nights which I have reseved am about 
to reseve or may hereafter be instructed 
in to eny person or persons in the know- 
ing world except it be a true and lawfvil 
'Night or within the Bode}^ df a just. and 
lawfuly constituted lodge of such and not 
unto him nor unto them whom I shall 
hear so to be. But unto him- andthemonly 
whom I shall find so to be after strict 
trial and due examination of lawful infor- 
mation. — Fatt^hermor do I proms and 
swear that I will not rite j>rinte stamp 
stain hew cut carve indent paint or en- 
grave it on eny thing movable or immov- 
able under the whole canopy of Heaven 
whereby or whereon the least letter fig- 
ure character marke staine shadow or 
resemblance df the saim may become 
legible or intelligble to mysdlf or eny 
other person in the knowing world 
whereby the secrets of the Nights may 
be unlawfully obtained through my un- 
worthiness to alW of whidh I do miO'St sol- 
emnly sincerely promise and swear with- 
out the leasy equivocation mental reser- 
vation of self-evasion of minde in me 
whatever binding myself under no less 
penalt}' than having my throat cut across, 
my tongue torn out by the rodts and my 
body buried in the roug^h 'sands of the 
seas at tow water mark, when the tide 
ebbs and flows twice in 24 hours, so help 
me God and Keep me steadfast in the due 
performance of the saim. 

—The Arkansas Gazette, Aug. 5, 1930. 

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has been, since 1868, the official 
organ of the National Christian 
Association, and is sustained by its 
subscribers not to make money or 
get friends or office, but because it 
maintains principles which they be- 
lieve to be fundamental to our lib- 



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Nay, not for fame, but for the Right, 

To make this fair world fairer still. 
Or lordly lily of a night, 

Or sun-topped tower of a hill, 
Or high or low, or near or far. 

Or dull 01 keen, or bright or dim, 
Or blade of grass, or brightest star. 

All, all are but the same to Him. 

O pity of the strife for place; 

O pity of the strife for power; 
How scarred, how marred a mountain's 

How fair ihe fair face of a flower. 
The blade of grass beneath your feet. 
The bravest sword : ay, braver far, 
To do and die in mute defeat. 
Thou bravest Conqueror of war. 

When 1 am dead say this,.but this. 

He grasped at no man's blade or shield. 
Or banner bore, but helmetless. 

Alone, unknown, he held the field; 
He held the field with saber drawn. 

Where God had set him in the tight ; 
He held the field, fought on and on. 

And so fell fighting for the Right. 

—Joaquin Miller. 






^4m§.^.§..5.«§.^^.5»«5.45.^«j^^^^.5..j.^^»j.*j.^^ ^^^^^w§»^^ 


That Constant N. P. D 33 

Frown It Down 33 

The National Christian Association An- 
nual Meeting 34 

Directors' Report 36 

Minutes of the Annual Meeting 37 

Plan of Work 38 

Resolutions 38 

W. B. Stoddard's Greeting 39 

Greetings from New England 41 

Wheaton Christian Conference 46 

The Saloon and Masonry 47 

A Christian Oddfellow 47 

Reminiscences 48 

Thoughts on Freemasonry 50 

Book of Secrets 52 

Cipher Rituals 54 

Out-rate Masonry 54 

Causes of Suspension 55 

Clandestine 55 

The Inside Facts 55 

Rebekah District Representation 56 

Oddfellow Benefits 57 

Women Barred Out. 57 

Lodge Not Essential 57 

In Some New Fields 58 

A Good Opportunity 58 

Tract Work 58 

A Southern Witness 60 

Secrecy and Theological Seminaries 60 

Oh, if I Only Could Know. 62 

No Church Then 63 

High-priced Prayers 63 

Designed for Elks 64 

Deplored by Ministerial Conference 64 




Published Monday, 
Wednesday and Fri- 
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fine, fresh, every-oth- 
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the latest news on 
days of issue, and cov- 
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Comprehensive and 
reliable Financial and 
Market reports. 

Regular subscription 
price, $1.50 per year. 

We furnish it with 
$1.75 per year. 


Published on Thurs- 
day, and known for 
nearly sixty years in 
every part of the Uni- 
ted States as a Na- 
tional Family News- 
paper of the highest 
class, for farmers and 
villagers. It contains 
all the most important 
general news of THE 
to hour of going to 
press, an Agricultural 
Department of the 
highest order, has en- 
tertaining reading for 
every member of the 
family, old and young. 
Market Reports which 
are accepted as au- 
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and instructive. 

Regular subscription 
price, $1.00 per year. 

We furnish it with 
$1.25 per year. 

Send all orders to THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, Chicago, Ills. 

'Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 



221 West Madison St., Chiccii^o. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second 
■class matter. 

The Coming Men of America is the 
name of a boys' secret society which has 
been mentioned by several writers in the 
Cynosure. The editorial on "Book of 
Secrets/' in this number, is a review of 
the secret ritual of this boys' lodge. 

The Michigan Convention at Grand 
Rapids can not be reported in this num- 
'ber, except to say that it was a good one, 
and well attended. We were especially 
glad to see the name of our old friend. 
Rev. H. A. Day, on the program. 


In consequence of Hush times costly tem- 
ples were erected and large debts thereby in- 

Loss of revenue by defection was seriously 
felt, and it was decreed that a brother neg- 
lecting to pay dues was deprived of all rights 
and privileges in the fraternity. 

Another regulation I deemed, if possible, 
more unjust and un-Masonic; a brother with- 
drawing and neglecting to affiliate with some 
lodge six months forfeited all rights and 

Our own Grand Lodge adopted the regula- 
tion regarding non-payment of dues, but I 
am pleased to say the regulation regarding 
non-affiliation was rejected. While refusal 
to pay dues is an offense, it is not such as to 
warrant the same penalty imposed upon 
ibose guilty of the grossest Masonic offenses. 

The effect of suspension is precisely the 

same as that of expulsion. , We can hold no 
Masonic converse, nor are we -bound to aid 
them more than a profane. The penalty is 
in excess of the offense.— Royal Arch Corre- 
spondence. Report of 1898. 

The penalty is also a comment on the 
noble principles of the order. 


Occasionally there appear in the daily press 
articles regarding initiatory ceremonies in 
secret fraternities which result disastrously 
to the candidate or members of the lodge. 

We presume that, in most cases, these re- 
ports are considerably exaggerated, but the 
occurrences are bad enough in any event. We 
desire to reprint a press dispatch, recently ap- 
pearing in our daily papers, as follows: 

Milwaukee, Wis., Dec. 17.— Joseph G. Herb- 
ert, of Grand Rapids, Wis., is confined in St. 
Joseph's Hospital, this city, and will be a 
cripple for Hfe as the result of a pummeling 
which he received at a lodge meeting in 
Grand Rapids. 

Mr. Herbert, who was a member of the 
lodge, participated in the initiation of John 
Borett. A rope was tied around Borett, and 
being given a pair of boxing gloves, he was 
ordered to defend himself against two other 
members. Mr. Herbert had one end of the 
rope attached to Borett, and at the other end 
was a man who, it is claimed, had a grievance 
against Herbert. 

The man who held the rope opposite to Herb- 
ert let go, and Borett, following the taut line, 
started to pummel Herbert. He knocked him 
down and gave him several kicks, one of 
which caused a bad fracture of the ribs. Sev- 
eral operations have been performed, but he 
will be compelled to remain a cripple. He 
claims he Avill sue the lodge, but declines to 
give the name of the organization.— The 
Pythian Age. 

Wouldn't it take so much frowning as 
to cast a chill over the whole concern? 
And how much frowning would reform 
sundry rituals ? However, the Cynosure 
is ready to help frown down all at which 
it has lono- been frowning. 


June. KW)1. 

The National Christian Association Annual Meeting, 

May 15, iQoi. 

The gathering in Carpenter HaU, at 
the anniAxrsary was not as large as on 
some former occasions. Our beloved 
President Swartz had been called to New 
York, and Vice President Rev. Dr. 
Becker was obliged to be at his General 
Conference, which met in Chambers- 
burg, Pennsylvania, at the same time. 
The day was one of the most perfect of 
the vear, and the devotional services, 
both morning and afternoon, seemed to 
partake of the day and to give the right 
tone to^ the business for which we had 
met. We were glad to see among those 
present that dear old saint to whom D. 
L. Moody ascribed so much of personal 
debt for spiritual blessings, Mrs. Sarah 
A. Cook. We were sorry that time did 
not permit us to hear from her. The 
sacred songs by the ''Moody Institute 
Quartette" added to the interest of the 

If we count those as taking part in the 
Annual Meeting who sent letters to the 
Convention, w^e may consider the Asso- 
ciation as well represented at our anni- 
versary, and I am sure the space in this 
number of the Cynosure cannot be bet- 
ter employed than by giving our readers 
an opportunity of hearing from such as 
were unable to be present but still de- 
sired to be here. It is to be regretted 
that only room in this number for a por- 
tion of such communications can be 

We were fortunate in having with us 
this year Mrs. Anna E. Stoddard, Pub- 
lisher and Editor of the Home Light. 
The letter from Secretary Stoddard, of 
Boston, which she read, all can enjoy in 
this number of the Cynosure, and if Mrs. 
Stoddard will write out her remarks for 
a future number, they will greatly en- 
courage those who are seeking to be 
faithful in bearing testimony by word of 
mouth and in the distribution of litera- 
ture. Her remarks were largely remin- 
iscences of the progress of this reform in 
Xew England. 

President Blanchard gave a telling 
address on the movement now going on 
in some of the churches. This movement 
professes that the young men cannot 

be reached so long as the testimonies of 
the churches against secret societies are 
maintained to the exclusion of members 
of such minor orders. These ministers 
claim to be opposed to secret societies, 
and that they expect to be able to rescue 
the young men from such associations 
after they have once got them into the 

President Blanchard answ^ered this 
contention from the experiences of those 
churches in reaching a-nd holding young 
men which make no test of the lodge 
question, and, second, of those who 
make a test and are not faithful in ad- 
ministering it, and, third, those who do 
not allow membership in any secret or- 
der. He shov/ed that the latter are by 
far the most successful in securing the 
young men, and in holding them after 
they are secured. In the second place, 
he showed the reason why the churches 
in the third class are the most success- 
ful. In the third place he showed how 
to secure young men for the church and 
hold them. 

He has been requested to furnish his, 
remarks for the Cynosure. We are sure 
that these truths are very much needed 
at the present time. Ministers who have 
been unfaithful in the administration of 
the "standards" of their churches are 
seeking justification for their course by 
securing the practical suspension of the 
testimonies of their denominations 
against the lodge. Instead of seeking 
power from God and going after the 
voung men with the sword of the Spirit, 
they propose to lower the standard of 
admission into the Christian Church, 
and then educate the young men out of 
the secret orders. Why not offer young 
men "indulgences" (Tetzel-like) if they 
will join the church, and then educate 
tliem as to the sinfulness of indulgences. 

Mrs. E. A. Cook spoke in part as fol- 
io v/s : 

All who have witnessed the ritual of 
the first three degrees of Freemasonry, 
as worked out by seceding Ma'sons, must 
have felt with Oliver WendeU Holmes, 

''Yes, we're boys," 
and bad boys, alas — not such as Jesus- 

June, 1901. 


was — as he "grew and increased in stat- 
ure filled with wisdom," the grace of God 
being upon him. Involuntarily one 
would exclaim with Wesley, 

"What an amazing banter on man- 
kind" is Freemasonry. 

In contemplating its oaths and its play 
murder and resurrection, one may be 
tempted to exclaim, as two innocent, 
earnest boys once did concerning Free- 
masons, "When we grow up we will buy 
some guns and shoot them all." This is 
the first spontaneous impulse of the nat- 
ural, unrenewed heart. A\'hen,' accord- 
ing to God's methods, the subject is 
treated, efforts will be made for the re- 
moval of the unclean spirits which the 
system of Freemasonry propitiates, and 
the soul thus emptied will be filled with 
Christ and the Holy Spirit as revealed in 
the Scriptures. 

So this Association was wise in adopt- 
ing to-day, as one part of its plan of 
work, increased attention to the study of 
the Bible in the home, the church and in 
the school, for if that sacred book, which 
is so quick and powerful, dividing asun- 
der the joints and the marrow and in 
regulating the thoughts and intents of 
the heart, in harmony with all that is 
just, honest, true, loving and beautiful, 
is hid within the souls of the human fam- 
ily, holiness, love and happiness will pre- 

A great statesman looking at our peo- 
ple from across the Atlantic Ocean, truly 
said that the Anglo-Saxon democracy 
was the product of a primitive book — 
the bible of a severe theology learned by 
Christian exiles in the gloomy cities of 
Holland and Switzerland, and yet that 
people, a legion of workers, still remain- 
ed in their grandeur the most dignified, 
the most moral, the most industrious, 
and the richest portion of the human 

If such is the case, if this book' is 
treasured in heart and obeyed in life, uni- 
versally, how much happier and holier 
will be the people and how much higher 
will be our national destiny. 

In the brief time remaining let us re- 
view a few 

Bible Texts Relatintr to the One Subject of 
Oath-Boiind Secret Societies;. 

Isaiah viii., 19-20: Shonlcl not a people seek 
nnto their God? * * To the law and to the 
testimony: If they speak not according to 

this word it is because there is no light in 

Deut. xxiv., 20: The secret things belong 
unto the Lord our God: but those tnmgs 
which are revealed belong unto us and to our 
children, forever that we may do all the 
words of this law. 

Jeremiah xxiii., 24: Can any hide himself 
in secret places that I shall not see him? 
saith the Lord. Do not I fill heaven and 

Daniel ii., 22: Light dwelleth with him. 

Isaiah xlv., 19: I have not spoken in secret, 
in a dark place of the earth. 

Isaiah xlviii., 16: Come near unto me, 
hear ye this: I have not spoken in secret 
from the beginning. 

Leviticus v.. 4-5: Or, if a soul swear, pro- 
nouncing with his life to do evil, or to do 
good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pro- 
nounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; 
when he knoweth of it, then he shall be 
guilty in one of these. And it shall be, when 
he shall be guilty in one of these things, that 
he shall confess that he hath sinned in that 

1 Kings xviii., 21: How long halt ye be- 
tween two opinions? If the Lord be God 
follow Him: but if Baal, then follow him. 

..John iii., 19-21: This is the condemnation, 
that light is come into the world, and men 
loved darkness rather than light, because 
their deeds were evil. For every one that 
doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to 
the light, lest his deeds should be reproved. 

John xviii., 19-21: The high priest then 
asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doc- 
trine. Jesus answered him, I spake openly 
to the world; in the synagogue, and in the 
temple, whither the Jews always resort: and 
in secret have I said nothing. * * * Ask 
them which heard me what I have said unto 
them; behold, they know what I said. 

Eph. v., 11-13: Have no fellowship with 
the unfruitful work of darkness, but rather 
reprove them. For it is a shame even to 
speak of those things which are done of them 
in secret. But all things that are reproved 
are made manifest by the light: for whatso- 
ever doth make manifest is light. 

Is this the land our fathers loved. 
The freedom which they toiled to win? 

Is this the soil whereon they moved? 
Are these the graves they slumber in? 

Shall tongues be mute, when deeds are 
Which well might shame extremest hell? 
Shall freemen lack the indignaut tho't? 
Shall Pity's bosom cease to swell? 
Shall Honor bleed? Shall Truth succumb? 
Shall pen. and press, and soul be dumb? 



June, 1901. 

By all above, arouud, below 

Be ours the indignaut answer— No. 

The Word of God reveals the evils of 
secret societies, and the glories of regen- 
erate life filled with truth and love. 


To the National Christian Association : 

The Board of Directors, as elected at 
your last annual meeting, was composed 
of the following members : Messrs. E. A. 
Cook, C. J. Holmes, J. M. Hitchcock, 
Pres. C. A. Blanchard, Prof. H. F. Kletz- 
ing. Rev. T. B. Arnold, P. W. Raida- 
baugh, E. B. Wyhe, J. G. Fidder, Peter 
Moerdyke and Peter Sinclair. 

The only change in the membership 
of the Board was occasioned by the with- 
drawal of Mr. Sinclair, whose place was 
filled by the election of the Rev. H. K. 
G. Doermann. 

At the beginning of the year the usual 
committees were constituted as follows : 
Auditing: Prof. H. A. Fischer, Rev. Pe- 
ter Moerdyke, and Mr. Peter Sinclair. 
Finance : Prof. Elliott Whipple, Prof. H. 
A. Fischer, and Mr. J. M. Hitchcock. 
Buildings and Real Estate : Mr. C. J. 
Holmes, Mr. W. L Phillips, and Mr. E. 
A. Cook. Publications : Revs. T. B. Ar- 
nold, P. W. Raidabough, W. I. Phillips, 
and J. G. Fidder. Field Work and Con- 
ventions : Prof. H. F. Kletzing, Revs. W. 
L Phillips, C. A. Blanchard, and Mr. J. 
M. Hitchcock. 

The officers of the Board were : Mr. 
C. J. Holmes, Chairman-; the Rev. Peter 
Moerdyke, Vice Chairman, and Rev. 
Edgar B. Wylie, Secretary. 

The sessions of the Board have been 
less frequent this year, owing to the 
amount of time given by the several 
committees to the work, and also the 
absence of any unusual emergencies. 
Meetings were held May 26th, Oct. 22d, 
1900, and Jan. 7th, March 9th, May nth, 
May 15th, 1901. The various sessions 
were characterized by dependence on 
the Holy Spirit, and were- opened and 
closed with reverent and sincere prayer. 
The work of the year has had the evident 
blessing of God upon it. There have 
been advances which must be attributed 
to a higher source than any human agen- 
cy. The work assumed by the sub-com- 
mittees has been more extensive than in 

some years, and still it has been accom- 
plished with a gratifying success. 

As a Board we wish to record our 
thanks to the General Secretary, Rev. 
William I. Phillips, in view of the per- 
sonal devotion and business-like manner 
w^hicli has marked his endeavors in the 
• work of the Association. We have found 
his attendance at the meetings of the 
Board very helpful and necessary. His 
annual survey of the year's progress will 
be welcomed by us all as " in former 
years. We make special mention of the 
Cynosure magazine, which Mr. Phillips 
has ably edited. The Association will re- 
joice with us that, the tone and subject 
matter of the magazine has been so ex- 

We are satisfied that the somewhat 
revolutionary changes as to the form and 
frequency of issue have added to the effi- 
ciency of the magazine. Its readers are 
preserving for reference those frequent 
numbers of the magazine in which are 
grouped articles on particular phases of 
the secrecy problem. We are gratified 
by the detailed reports from the various 
districts which have appeared during the 

In addition to the regular readers, the 
magazine has been sent to thousands of 
new readers in the home land and for- 
eign countries. About 24,000 extra 
copies have been put into the hands of 
non-subscribers. Every State in the 
Union and some parts beyond the sea 
have been reached. The bulk of this 
free distribution has been made in New 
Flampshire, Illinois, Ohio, Maryland, 
Missouri, California, Colorado, Michi- 
gan, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Iowa, Ne- 
braska, Kansas, Florida, Minnesota, New 
York, South Dakota and Indian Terri- 
tory. The magazine was sent principally 
to ministers of the Gospel, but many 
others also have received it, such as offi- 
cers of Young People's Societies, Sun- 
day School Superintendents, etc. While 
in nearly all denominations workers have 
had sample copies, the principal attention 
was given during the year to the Bap- 
tists, Methodists, Congregational, Uni- 
ted Brethren and Friends churches. 

The Committee on Publications re- 
port a year of unusual activity. In their 
distribution of tracts there have been 
manv valuable workers — more than us- 

June, 1901. 



ual. In some instances whole villages 
and smaller cities have been systemati- 
cally visited by the tract distributors, 
who aimed to place a certain number of 
pages in every house. This house to 
house work has been carried on in sev- 
eral extensive districts of Chicago. 
These helpful tracts are furnished by the 
Board without charge, and in some cases 
the postage is paid by us. In every way 
the generous and wise circulation of 
tracts is encouraged. Dr. Joseph Cook's 
address of 1890; Dr. Carradine's noted 
sermon ; President Charles A. Blanch- 
ard's address on the Folly, Expense and 
Danger of Secret Societies ; the pam- 
phlet entitled Facts and Photographs ; 
and that of Thurlo^v Weed on the Mor- 
gan Abduction are standard and are 
given a wide circulation. Over one mil- 
lion pages of tracts (1,071,305) have been 
put out during the year, at a cost of about 

We deem it a hopeful sign that one 
of the largest denominations which has 
borne testimony in the matter of secret 
societies has applied to this Association 
for the completest w^ork or works for 
presentation to all their ministers. 

It is very evident that the truth as ever 
is proving itself a very vital thing. It 
works its w^ay into very obstinate hearts 
and heads. Never before have we had so 
profound an appreciation of the place 
and power of the National Christian x\s- 
sociation. In the exclusiveness of its 
mission it is without a peer. In its ranks 
are men and women of various Christian 
churches. It urges patience toward all 
men and absolute loyalty to God and his 
Christ. It seeks to draw no man from 
his place in the church of his choice, but 
gladly assists all just where they are to 
hold aloft the banner of truth, the whole 
truth and nothing but the truth. 

We are grateful to our faithful 5:0- 
workers, and together we will give God 
praises for what we have been enabled 
to do in the great cause of bringing in 
the eternal reign of Christ our Lord. 

Very respectfully submitted, 

Board of Directors. 

Edgar B. Wylie, Secretary. 

Have you sent 10 cents for samples of 
the new series of tracts which the Na- 
tional Christian Association have recent- 
ly issued? 


Held Wednesday, May 15, 1901, at 221 West 
Madison Street, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. Samuel Swartz, the president of 
the Association, being absent, General 
Secretary W. I. Phillips called the meet- 
ing to order at 10:30 a. m., and read a 
letter from Mr. Swartz expressing his re- 
gret that he could not be present. 

Rev. [as. W. Fifield vv^as elected tem- 
porary chairman. 

Devotional exercises were led bv Rev. 
E. B. Wylie. 

Minutes of last meeting were read and 

Voted that Rev. W. B. Rose, Chicago, 
A. H. Sisler, of Mt. Carroll, III, Rev. 
Edward Kimball and Mr. John Park, of 
Wheaton, 111., be invited to sit with the 
Association as corresponding members.. 

Committees were then appointed as 
follows : Nominating, Rev. W. B. Rose, 
Rev. Edward Kimball, Mr. John Park; 
Committee on Resolutions, J. M. Hitch- 
cock, W. B. Stoddard, E. B. Wylie; 
Committee on Plan for Future Work, C. 
J. Holmes, Mrs. E. A. Cook, Mrs. D. A. 

Treasurer's report was read and refer- 
red to a committee consisting of E. A. 
Cook, C. J. Holmes and Mrs. A. E. Stod- 

Auditor's report, vouching for accu- 
racy of treasurer's report, was accepted. 
To the National Christian Association : 

The undersigned, members of the Au- 
diting Committee, have examined the 
books of your Treasurer, W. I. Phillips, 
up to April 30, 1901, inclusive, and find 
that they are correctly kept, and that 
there are vouchers for all expenditures. 
W^e also find that securities are on hand, 
as stated in the annual report. 

We have also examined the report of 
Wm. H. Fischer, Trustee of Annuity 
funds, and find the same to be correct, 
with securities on hand, as stated. 
E. Whipple. 
H. A. Fischer, 
Auditing Committee. 

May II, 1901. 

General Secretary W. I. Phillips re- 
ported that a large number of letters 
from members of the Association, who 



June, 1901. 

could not attend the meeting, had been 
received. A number of these letters were 
read by Air. Phillips. 

Voted to acknowledge receipt of same 
through columns of Cynosure, thanking 
writers for interest expressed in work of 
the Association and suggestions given. 

Voted to adjourn until 2 p. m. 

Afternoon session called to order by 
the General Secretary. 

Rev. E. S. Carr read and commented 
upon a portion of scripture. After prayer 
Rev. L. N. Stratton, of Chicago, was 
elected chairman pro tem. 

A quartette from the Moody Church 
favored the meeting with several songs 
during the afternoon, appropriate to the 

Report of Nominating Committee was 
read and considered. 

Rev. E. B. Wylie moved to amend the 
report and substitute the name of Pres. 
C. A. Blanchard as presid^ent of the As- 

Motion was carried. 

Voted to substitute the name of Rev. 
J. W. Fifield in place of E. Whipple in re- 

Voted to substitute the name of Rev. 
H. K. G. Doerman for that of T. B. Ar- 
nold in report. 

Voted to adopt the report of Nominat- 
ing Committee, as amended, as follows : 

For President, C. A. Blanchard, D. D., 
Wheaton, 111. 

For Vice President, S. P. Long, D. 
D., Lima, Ohio. 

Secretary and Treasurer, W. I. Phil- 

Recording Secretary, Mrs. Nora E. 

Board of Directors, J. M. Hitchcock, 
Chicago, 111.; Pres. C. A. Blanchard, 
Wheaton, 111.; Rev. E. B. Wylie, Chi- 
cago, 111. ; Prof. H. F. Kletzing, Naper- 
viile, 111. ; C. J. Holmes, Chicago, 111. ; 
E. A. Cook, Chicago, 111. ; George Bent, 
Chicago, 111. ; Rev. H. K. G. Doerman, 
Chicago, 111. ; Fred D. Ewell, Chicago, 
111. ; W. B. Rose, Chicago, 111. ; Rev. Dr. 
Fifield, Chicago, 111. 

The following report of Committee on 
Plans for Future Work was read by C. 
J. Holmxs : 

Plan of Work. 

The Committee on Plan of Work rec- 
ommends ; 

1. Organization. 

Encourage State, District and local 
auxiliarv organizations wherever possi- 

2. Literature. 

The circulation of the Cynosure and 
other anti-secrecy literature should be 
greatly increased. 

3. Promotion of Bible reading and 

As the most powerful agent in this 
work, friends of this reform should pro- 
mote the study of the Bible in the home, 
the church and the school, and that the 
Cynosure give special attention to this 
part of the work. 

4. Studies in the Cynosure. 

That studies from time to time be pub- 
lished in the Cynosure concerning the re- 
lation of Secret Societies to Christianity 
and good citizenship, for the use of aux- 
iliary organizations and prayer meetings. 
' 5. Petitions. 

Use petitions to prevent the laying of 
corner-stones of public buildings by 

6. Lectures. 

That the number of lecturers and other 
agents be increased a hundred fold. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 
Mrs. E. B. Cook, 
Mrs. D. A. Straw, 
C. J. Holmes. 

Report was adopted. 

On recommendation of W. I. Philiios, 
E. B. W^ylie and W. B. Stoddard, Rev. 
D. M. Sleeth, of Lyndon, Kan., Mr. F. 
D. Ewell and Rev. W. B. Rose, of Chi- 
cago, Rev. E. S. Carr, of Wheaton, 111., 
were elected corporate members of the 
National Christian Association. 


Whereas, Christ has honored his fol- 
lowers in making them co-workers with 
himself in bringing about his reign on 
the earth; and. 

Whereas, Satan was never less active 
in blinding and binding mankind than at 
the present time, 

Resolved, ist. We return our thanks 
to our God that he has graciously sus- 
tained the National Christian Associa- 
tion in the great and trying work com- 
mitted to its care. 

2d. We appreciate the great responsi- 

June. 1901. 



bilities and arduous labors of our Editor, 
General Secretary and Treasurer in con- 
ducting the affairs of the Association so 

3d. We commend our National Presi- 
dent, our Board of Directors, and Re- 
cording Secretary for thteir careful gra- 
tuitous labors. 

4th. We rejoice in the reports that 
come to us from the field agents of en- 
largement and open doors for usefulness, 
and in the fact that many newspapers 
speak more freely of this evil. 

5th. In view of the great need we 
pledge ourselves to endeavor to be more 
active in spreading the light, and enlist- 
ing those who may share with us the 
joys of Christian labor. 

6th. W'e appeal to Christian people, 
without regard to denomination, to sup- 
port by their patronage the Christian 
Cynosure, and the representatives of our 
Association as they have means and op- 

Report of Conmiittee on Resolutions 
was read by J. M. Hitchcock. Report 

Report of Board of Directors, given 
by the secretary of the Board, Rev. E. B. 
Wylie. Voted to accept and approve. 

A report from N. E. Gen. Agent, Rev.. 
J. P. Stoddard, was read by Mrs. Stod- 
dard, after which Mrs. Stoddard gave a 
short address, in which she showed that 
Masonry and other secret orders frus- 
trate courts in their attempts to bring 
criminals to justice ; and showed the 
benefit and necessity of faithful, persist- 
ent opposition to such societies. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Cook spoke briefly on 
the frivolous character of initiations, and 
read several passages of scripture, which 
show that secret societies are contrary 
to the example of Christ and the spirit 
and teachings of the Bible. 

President Blanchard gave an address 
that ought to be issued as a tract. 

The report of the Committee on Treas- 
urer's report was read by E. A. Cook. 

Your Committee on Treasurer's re- 
port, finding nothing in same lacking in 
clearness of statement, and having per- 
fect confidence in the Auditors, who have 
examined it, hereby recommend that the 

Treasurer's report be approved by this 

Ezra A. Cook, 
Anna E. Stoddard, 
C. J. Holmes. 
A'oted to publish in the Christian Cy- 
nosure the report of W. B. Stoddard, 
which, owing to lateness of the hour, was 
omitted, together with the reports which 
had been received. 

After being led in prayer- by Rev. W. 
B. Stoddard, Association adjourned. 
N. E. KeUogg, Rec. Sec. 


To the Friends of the Anti-Secrecy 

Cause : 

We are glad in reporting for another 
year to say : God has given grace and 
brought us in the triumphs of faith on 
our way.. 

We still believe the reform to which 
our life's service is being given will have 
no little part in banishing the supersti- 
tious darkness of the night preceding the 
glorious day when "righteousness shall 
cover the earth." 

Our call of God is felt in the crying 
need, and the blessing attendant on suc- 
cess. Our watchword is Christ Exalted. 
We look to the Divine. He is our hope 
and song of praise, the rock of our sal- 
vation and exceeding great reward. In 
Him we have victory over every foe. As 
he is exalted the cause moves forward. 
This we know not alone through revela- 
tion, but experience. 

A few pebbles thrown by N. C. A. 
workers in the great seething ocean of 
corrupted humanity-^ can cause but a rip- 
ple soon to vanish, unless coupled with 
the Divine. God working through us 
brings down the proud and exalts the 
lowly, and removes darkness in the shed- 
ding of light. Any successes that have 
come through the year have been alone 
through Him and to Him be all the 

We are finding in the East a field ripe 
for the harvest. While it is probably 
true that people never joined the lodges 
in larger numbers than to-day, it is also 
true that the number leaving is increas-- 
ing. Churches that have been dormant 



June. 1901. 

are awakened by lodge encroachments, 
and are asking for help in the saving of 
their members from its pitfalls. There 
are many churches asking help to whom 
we have not been able to respond. 

The success in circulating our organ 
has been greater than in other years. 
The number we were enabled to secure 
from Alay ist. 1900, to ]\Iay ist, 1901, 
being 765. The number of addresses 
given during the year amount to 192. 
The number of calls about 2.275. The 
field expenses have been '$;3^26.22. The 
receipts from collections $221.45, from 
Cynosure subscriptions $758.41 ; $125.27 
additional was collected on the field and 
used in holding conventions. 

The work has, in the main, been con- 
ducted as in other years, lectures, con- 
ventions and sermons being presented 
to awaken, the Cynosure and tracts to 
sustain the interest. 

\\^ are more than ever convinced that 
thte best results are obtained from a fre- 
quent revisitation of fields where seed has 
been previously sown. While we thus 
cultivate we can harvest more than when 
constantly entering new fields. The con- 
ventions that honor Christ most are in 
the fields where there has been previous 
hard, well-directed effort. In every 
community we may find godly men and 
women who will aid us when convinced 
that we are leading in a work that will 
tell for righteousness. 

The number of pastors visited this 
year has been large. We seek to help 
the leaders first. In their studies many 
pastors will seek information that they 
may use either publicly or privately in 
counteracting lodge evils. The colleges 
and seminaries, the meetings of presby- 
teries, conferences, camp-meetings, 
classes, etc., have been sought and ad- 
dressed as there has been opportunity. 
Much good has undoubtedly come as a 

The X. C. A. has been generous in 
providing supplies of literature from the 
honie office. The late tracts are very 
helpful and we gladly give them as wide 
a circulation as possible. Our conven- 
tions have been well attended and of 
high grade. 

Some have questioned the propriety 
of having the Open Parliament session 
in our conventions, giving as the reason 

that a discordant note is introduced by 
the lodge advocates who usually appear 
at such times. While the one speaking 
for the lodge is usually a man their bet- 
ter element would not put forward, he 
generally shows the lodge spirit and thus 
helps (as we believe), in bringing about 
a better understanding. 

In a recent convention an earnest 
Christian brother suggested that our 
work would be more effective if we used 
more of the Scriptural language. He 
thought, for instance, that instead of the 
usual language in the resolutions, we 
should adopt resolutions like this : 
''Blessed is the man that walketh not in 
the council of the ungodly," etc. There 
is surely food for reflection in this sug- 

It will be observed that cash collec- 
tions have not been large. We find a. 
majority of the churches loaded with 
schemes calling for the contributions of 
their members. We have therefore felt 
it unwise to push this matter, but sought 
through Cynosure subscriptions and in a 
private way to supply our needs. It 
seems as though the greatness of the 
anti-secrecy cause should so appeal to 
the denominations advocating opposi- 
tion to the lodges as to lead them to 
adopt as one of the church schemes this 
work, to which an annual collection 
should be given. 

If each denomination would appoint 
and help sustain a man in the field, what 
a tremendous power for good in this di- 
rection there would be. W.e find the 
Scripture, "My people are gone into cap- 
tivity for want of knowledge," sadly veri- 
fied in some of the professed testimony- 
bearing churches. Were the children of 
light as wise as the children of this world 
this would be otherwise. In reviewing 
the year's work we see much to encour- 
age. Trusting in the Lord Jehovah we 
press forward. W. B. Stoddard. 

The nurse excitedly and joyously an- 
nounces an interesting family event that 
the absent-minded professor has forgot- 
ten all about. ''Professor, a little boy!" 

"\\>11, ask him what he wants." 
—Philadelphia Times. 

Renew for the Christian Cynosure now 
for vourself. 

June, 1901. 




Beloved in Christ : Beside the ''Living 
Epistle" present with you, kindly suffer 
a few words from one who is no longer 
young, but still deeply interested in your 
annual gatherings. 

My personal intercourse with you has 
been quite limited during the past twelve 
years, and I have known little in detail of 
the Western field. From what I have 
learned I feel justiiied in congratulating 
you on the substantial progress made 
during that period under the efficient ad- 
ministration of your executive board and 
general officers. 

One thing has impressed me as wor- 
thy of note. If I am correct, several pro- 
tracted efforts to defeat the Wills of Tes- 
tators have been foiled and the legal 
rights of your Association sustained in 
the courts. 

While conventions and public discus- 
sions are highly important, such decis- 
ions strike deeper and are more perma- 
nent and potent in results. They be- 
come matter of official record, to be cited 
as precedents in what may be a long and 
bitter struggle before the end. I may 
be in error, but I do not recall a single 
controverted case where the opposition 
has not suffered a wholesome, and, some- 
times, an expensive defeat. "Honor to 
whom honor is due," but who so blind as 
not to see the good hand of our God in 
all these victories? 

With many others I deeply regretted 
the necessity of changing from a weekly 
to a monthly issue of the Christian Cyno- 
sure, but results have shown the wisdom 
of this change. It is one feature of the 
transition period through which the work 
has been passing, from a crude to a 
higher stage of organized methods. We 
have advanced beyond that time when 
exhortation, expositions, and deg;-ee 
work appealed to curiosity and brought 
the crowds together, eager to witness 
spectacular displays ; into the sober, 
more thoughtful, if less demonstrative 
period — the tjme when reason, judgment 
and conscience are in the ascendency. 
Real progress is made now, not by ap- 
peals to the emotional, but to the deep- 
er elements in the soul. While the Cy- 
nosure has not been wholly free from 
blemishes, it has been characterized by 

ability and conducted in methods quite 
in harmony with the progress and needs 
of the cause. 

The New England work has progress- 
ed along the line of inteUigent convic- 
tion since its inauguration in 1890. 

Paul, in describing his method of work 
among certain people whom he had 
won to the Christian faith, in a fourteen 
years' campaign, stated to his brethren 
in Jerusalem that, 'T went up by revela- 
tion, and comrnunicated unto them that 
Gospel which I preach among the Gen- 
tiles, but privately (or, as in margin, sev- 
erally), to them which were of reputa- 
tion, lest by any means I should run, or 
had run, in vain." (Gal. 2 : 2.) Paul recog- 
nized leadership in his methods and 
sought to reach the people through the 
instruction and conversion of those 
whom they were accustomed to follow. 
This has been the keynote of our efforts 
in New England, and hence the minis- 
ters, evangelists and Christian workers 
have from the first received special at- 

Progress has not been rapid, but it has 
been steady and of a permanent type. 
This change has been effected very 
largely by the circulation of literature, 
and by visitation and personal conversa- 
tion with individuals. Men and women 
who have influence have been led to ob- 
serve and think, and form opinions for 
themselves, and the result is that they 
decide more upon the merits or de-merits 
of the lodge system than on their mem- 
bership and professions. 

The quite generally prevailing feeling 
is illustrated in the case of Rev. George 
C. Lorimer, D. D. There was a time 
when ministers appealed to him in justi- 
fication of secret orders. The average 
young man in Boston when approached 
on the subject would cite him as proof 
that Masonry was all right. But such 
references seldom occur now, either by 
clergymen or laymen. More frequently 
I hear expressions entirely opposite. I 
have been observing and reading and 
looking into this matter a little for my- 
self, and for the life of me I cannot see 
how Dr. Lorimer can be "brother" with 
distiller Lawrence and Geo. F. Hewitt in 
the lodge and claim to be even a Chris- 
tian, much less a minister of Christ. Or 
more abruptly among the rough and less 



June, 1901. 

polished I hear something like this: 
"There is Dr. Lorimer. He's hale fellow 
well met with Hewitt and Lawrence and 
the tony liquor men of Boston. They 
nestle and brother together at lodge 
meetings and banquets, and he adver- 
tises and entertains their Sunday shows. 
T've been there, and I tell you frankly, 
I've got no use for such a preacher," etc. 

These may be "straws on the surface," 
but they show the trend of under cur- 
rents, and indicate a decided change in 
the point of vision from which the peo- 
ple are looking at this question. Dr. 
Lorimer is a man of great executive abil- 
ity and has many admirers in Boston, 
but among them all I doubt if you could 
find a single spiritually-minded man, 
woman or minister who does not deeply 
deplore his connection with the lodge. 
It is often spoken of with sad regrets, and 
only tolerated but never approved by 
this class of people. Investigation and 
reflection have resulted in greater inde- 
pendence of opinion and is hastening the 
time when ministers and their lodges will 
be compelled to face the facts at the bar 
of intelligent pubhc opinion. The minis- 
terial prop, once wrested from under the 
lodge, the whole fabric totters to its final 

As friends increase there is less diffi- 
culty in obtaining permission to distrib- 
ute information at public gatherings. 
Ministers, as a rule, while friendly, are 
extremely cautious about being known 
as aiders and abetters in the work. Like 
the parents of the boy who was born 
blind, they have learned that if any min- 
ister be found ''peeping" or meddling in 
this movement he must be cast out of the 
Synagogue. Nevertheless their tactful 
and quiet influence is everywhere percep- 

I write hastily and am unable to give 
the number of tracts and pages of litera- 
ture sent out, but I am safe in saying 
that it exceeds that of any previous year. 

The Home Light has gone regularly 
to subscribers, and in addition copies 
have been mailed to orthodox clergymen 
of all denominations, and it is our pur- 
pose to continue this plan until each 
minister whose name appears in the 
printed lists obtainable, shall receive a 
notice of our work and information 
where he can obtain ''further light." 

Most of our book and tract orders come 
from this source. 

May the God of all grace give you pa- 
tience, understanding and victory in the 
name of Jesus, is the prayer of your 
brother in Him, 

James P. Stoddard. 

Boston, Mass., May 9, 1901. 


Plainfield, 111., May 4, 1901. 

I am disappointed and sincerely regret 
I shall not be permitted to attend the 
Annual Meeting this year. I greatly en- 
joy the meetings, and the meeting with 
the Lord's elect, who see eye to eye and 
stand shoulder to shoulder in this fight. 

I am sorry to be denied the blessed 
privilege of May 15th. I leave for New 
York City on Monday, May 6th, and shall 
not return until the first of June. 

But I shall be with you in spirit and 
my prayers shall be that our Father's 
blessing may rest upon all the workers 
and the work, and that He will so guide 
in the plans for the work in the year to 
come that His name shall be glorified, 
the church awakened to her duty, and 
her danger, and hearing the voice of her 
Lord and Master, "Lift up her voice 
like a trumpet, and show his people their 
transgression, and the House of Jacob 
their sins." Oh, that Zion might awake, 
put on her strength, put on her beautiful 
garments, might shake herself from the 
dust, loose herself from the bonds of her 
neck, and come up out of her captivity.. 

Give my love to all the faithful. 

Yours in Christ, 

Samuel H. Swartz. 


Cherokee, Iowa, April 30, 1901. 
The longer I live, the more am I con- 
vinced that the attitude of the National 
Christian Association is the right atti- 
tude. I believe in the work which is be- 
ing accomplished in the way of opening 
up to the sunlight, the hidden works of 
darkness and deviltry. I say it calmly, 
but I say it decisively, the whole brood of 
fraternities is crippling the Lord's work 
in every direction. I believe in ventila- 
tion. I believe in purifying the atmos- 
phere. Anything which will not stand 

June, 1901. 



the sunlight is of the Evil One. Any- 
thing which resents discussion ought to 
be discussed. 

History, observation, common sense, 
reason, God's Word are all opposed to 
organized secrecy in a republican form 
of government. The best jurists, states- 
men, ministers of the Gospel, evangel- 
ists, and the most evangelical of the 
Christian workers in the land are op- 
posed to secret societies. There is noth- 
ing in all this country of ours, which is 
doing so much to handicap and hamper 
the cause of the Lord Jesus as the multi- 
tudinous orders, fraternities, lodges and 
clubs throughout the land. I say it de- 
Hberately, and am willing my sentiments 
should be known. May God bless the 
Association in its work, and in all its de- 

I ran across a few lines the other day. 
How appropriate they are to the hard- 
working, misunderstood reformer. Let 
me quote them : 
Be strong! 

We are not here to play, to dream, to drift, 
We have hard work to do, and loads to lift. 
Shun not the struggle— face it; 'tis God's 

Be strong! 

Say not the days are evil. Who's to blame? 
And fold the hand, and acquiesce, oh, shame! 
Stand up, speak out, and bravely, in God's 

Be strong! 

It matters not how deep entrenched the 

How hard the battle goes, the day how long; 
Faint not— fight on! To-morrow comes the 

So, my brother, I want to say this in 
conclusion. I glory in the Christian cour- 
age, and heroism of the men who are out 
in the fore front of the battle. I thank 
God for the good judgment displayed, 
the earnestness, the splendid results. 
Please count me in as one with you, any- 
where, and everywhere. I remain, as 
ever, yours sincerely, 

W. L. Ferris. 

Pastor of the Congregational Church, 

Cherokee, Iowa. 


thy of being read at your meeting. It is 
my prayer that you may have special 
light and direction from on high at this 

I enclose one dollar to pay for my 
Cynosure during the year commencing 
this month. 

One of the most important matters at 
the present time is to get our literature 
into the hands of religious people. I 
have one copy of Finney on Masonry. I 
keep it out all the time. If I had a dozen 
of them, I think I could do good with all 
of them. We greatly need in Allegheny 
and Pittsburg a more extensive circula- 
tion of anti-secret literature. Your 
friend and brother, Wm. Wishart. 


Philadelphia, April 30, 1901. 
Just a word of encouragement. In the 
closing years of my life I look back with 
greatest satisfaction, not upon the period 
when I was swept along by the over- 
whelming tide of public opinion, but 
when it was necessary to brave public 
sentiment and stand alone with Christ 
and right. They have been the grand 
men in all ages, who were willing to be 
made a sacrifice rather than betray one 
iota of truth. The works of darkness are 
the ruin of our race. Turn on the light. 
God will do the rest. Yours truly, 

J. A. Collins. 


Allegheny, Penn., May 9, 1901. 
I am not able to write anything wor- 

Ashkum, 111., May 14, 1901. 

I was in hopes to be present with you 
this year at the Annual Meeting, but the 
way not being open, I will send this pa- 
per, containing some of my thoughts on 
the subject that shall occupy your atten- 

If you ask a man to-day, What is your 
confession of faith? in most cases the re- 
ply would be, "I believe in the father- 
hood of God and the brotherhood of 
man," this with no definite conception of 
what God is the father, or what are the 
conditions of the brotherhood. This is 
the lodge confession in substance, and I 
believe is the main root that feeds much 
of the destructive criticism of our day. 

Again, many of the best minds of our 
time have been turned to think deeply 



June, 1901. 

about the social redemption of the peo- 
ple, entrenched selfishness in the lodge 
is the greatest hindrance or one of the 
greatest hindrances to this movement. 
It cannot be denied that the church has 
been slow to organize for the care of its 
own, and now, when many of them 
would be glad to do this they find the 
field occupied by the lodge not on the 
same broad basis on which the church 
must work, but on the selfish basis of 
taking care of their own. 

Another thought, in recent years the 
lodge has reached out its hand to the 
women and they have accepted the invi- 
tation in large numbers with results often 
fatal to the family and all the best inter- 
ests of the home. Let me give an in- 
stance that came under my own observa- 
tion. On one of the fields where I labored 
there was a mother who had two little 
children ; in my visits she often lament- 
ed the hard fate that kept her from the 
prayer meeting; nor could I say that it 
was her duty to leave her children under 
the circumstances. After a time, how- 
ever, she slipped into a woman's lodge, 
and I then found that she could leave her 
little children till ii o'clock p. m., with- 
out apparently any trouble. I believe 
that all the splendid activities of the W. 
C. T. U. are being seriously affected by 
the woman's lodges, and that all our 
churches will suffer deeply unless this 
rush of the women into secret societies 
can be stayed. 

There is one more thought I wish to 
notice : the increasing irritability of the 
lodge to all discussion. Have we a mas- 
ter who will not be questioned? Must 
we face a fiery furnace every time we say 
lodge? Has our Caesar grown so great 
that he will not be even questioned with- 
out anger ? It would really seem so, and 
what will be the upshot of it all it is hard 
at present to see. 

I w4sh I were able to give more effec- 
tive support to the work of the N. C. A., 
the press and the platform are still free, 
far more free than the churches and here 
there is still a field to work in where the 
lodge is not in control. 

Regretting that I am not able to be 
present with you at the Annual Meeting, 
I remain, your brother in Jesus, 

A. Thomson. 


Syracuse, N. Y., May 2, 1901. 

I do not see that I can attend at this 
time, but write this line to express my 
hearty co-operation in the work. It is a 
difficult and most unpopular form of 
Christian activity, but a good and much 
needed work. 

People say it does no good to agitate 
this question and only irritates men. But 
our business is to let the light shine. The 
sun does not stop shining because there 
are diseased eyes, which it hurts. Its 
business is to shine, and that also is our 
business. Yours fraternally, 

G. M. Robb. 


Sidney, Ohio, April 27, 1901. 

I think it will be impossible for me to 
meet with you on May 15. I hope you 
may have a splendid convention. May 
the Holy Spirit so direct you in all things 
as to insure success for the coming year. 

Secret societies are the curse of all 
curses. God bless you. Your brother 
in Christ, P. B. Williams. 


Cleveland, Ohio, April 26, 1901. 
Were it not that these deluded souls 
will be lost, if they continue in their sins, 
I should like to see that great Judgment 
Day come soon and open the eyes of all 
Christless religious societies. Of course 
they will be opened, when it is too late, 
but why will they not open God's mes- 
sage now and see the error of the works 
of darkness? Let us do all we can to 
force the Light before their blinded eyes. 
Our comfort is this : God is still King ! 

S. P. Long. 


Lyndon, Kan., May 2, 1901. 

I can but feel that the cause you rep- 
resent is the cause of God and his truth. 

I do not believe the church of Jesus 
Christ is confronted by any more per- 
sistent organized opponent than the- se- 
cret lodge system. And it is all the more 

June, 1901. 



effective because by its semi-religious 
forms it blinds so many of its votaries 
and makes them the willing tools of 
those who, unlike themselves, hate the 

A great many men are, I am persuad- 
ed, enrolled in the various lodges who, 
if they but knew the use made of their in- 
fluence, would not only come out in dis- 
gust, but would become antagonists of 
the whole lodge system. They are lulled 
to sleep and made oblivious to argument 
by the associations and semi-religious 
and apparently benevolent operations of 
their lodges. They are used as decoys to 
ensnare others. Very respectfully vours, 
D. M. Sleeth. 



Willimantic, Conn., May i, 1901. 
The fact that secret societies are mul- 
tiplying and a large number of the peo- 
ple are rushing into them is sad to be- 
hold. But shall we be discouraged and 
cease our opposition to this and other 
evils. ''Occupy till I came," are words 
of the Master. Obedience is ours — re- 
sults are with God, Let us, then, con- 
tinue faithful in holding out the light of 
truth, for soon Christ will come and de- 
stroy all these works and their author, 
the devil. Yours truly, 

J. A. Conant. 


Covington, Ohio, May i, 1901. 
I am seeking to arrange to have some 
member of the Association to address 
our conference at Lincoln, Neb., on the 
night of May 28. I am trying to awaken 
our people to the fact that secrecy is 
an alarming hindrance to the work of 
our church in cities. Yours fraternallv, 

I. J. 



Elgin, 111., May i, 1901. 

I am not sure that I can be at the 

meeting, but I hope to live to see the day 

when the backbone of modern secrecy 

will be completely broken. Yours truly, 

I. Bennett Trout. 

Strasburg, 111., May 6, 1901. 

I regret that I shall not be permitted 
to meet with you May 15, but hope that 
the blessings of God will rest upon the 
convention and all present ; and that the 
meeting will bring forth fruit to the glory 
of the Father in heaven. 

My prayers will be with you in your 

I failed to see any announcement in 
the Cynosure in regard to my willingness 
to go anywhere and lecture on the sub- 
ject, "Lodgism." 

My new lecture is ready for use, and I 
am making some dates for it. My sub- 
ject, 'The Lodge and What It Is," will 
fill a place where only one talk can be 
given, as it is short, plain and practical. 

Your brother and fellow-laborer for 
Christ, Thos. Inman. 

REV. O. T. LEE. 

Northwood, Iowa, April 30, 1901. 

I regret to say that on account of my 
pastoral work I cannot attend the meet- 

The Christian Cynosure has been read 
by- me with much interest. I am glad 
that there is one periodical that has the 
courage to proclaim the truth concern- 
ing secret oath-bound societies which 
undoubtedly are the greatest foes of the 
familv, church and state. Yours trulv, 

O. T. Lee.' 


Olean, N. Y., ]\Iay 7, 1901. 
The excellent Cynosure is a superior 
medium of plowing through the refuge 
of lies and shedding its lustrous light in 
dark places. Not a copy that I receive 
but finds its passage onward to new ter- 
ritory by circulation. In this way I am, 
though so far advanced in years, spread- 
ing the light which must shine down to 
the close of time. May the Lord espe- 
cially bless those noble women speakers 
at the convention, whose example is well 
worthy of imitation, and bless all its 
faithful workers. As ever vours. 

Woodruff Post. 



June, 1901. 


Chicago, 111., April 29, 1901. 
I am so pressed with work that I can- 
not at this date promise attendance on 
the sessions of the Annual Meeting. But 
I send my hearty good wishes for the 
best meeting yet had, and my hope that 
the empire of Satan in all its mighty 
forms may be soon pulverized into the 
dust. Very sincerely yours, 

Thos. M. Chalmers. 



Waubeek, Dunn County, Wis., 
May 7, 1901. 
I have read in the Cynosure with much 
satisfaction the reports of the various 
workers in the field, as well as the 
straightforward course and statements of 
the Cynosure in regard to the evil influ- 
ence of secret societies, both in church 
and state. Let us pray and labor more 
earnestly for the downfall of Satan's 
kingdom. Yours for the Master, 

Jason F. Ames. 

''There goes a man who is having a 
fearful struggle with his appetite." 

''What, that clean-cut, healthy-look- 
ing chap over there?" 

"That's the one." 

"Why, he doesn't look like a slave to 
any appetite." 

"He is, though ; and he's having an 
awful time of it. He grits his teeth, and 
succeeds in subduing it for a whole day, 
maybe, and he's just as bad ofif as ever." 

"What it is — whisky?" 

"Oh, no ! He never drinks." 

"Morphine ?" 

"No, indeed." 

"Well, what is it that has such a hold 
on him?" 

"His appetite, I told you." 

"For food?" 


"Well, what's the matter with it? Why 
has he any struggle over it?" 

"Why, he says that if he could only 
go without eating for about a month he 
could get the girl he's engaged to an 
Easter present as elaborate as she ex- 
— Harper's Bazar. 


Wheaton, Illinois, July 22-28. 1901. 

Arrangements are going forward for 
this meeting. Mr. W. R. Moody writes 
that Rev. G. Campbell Morgan will 
leave Brooklyn on Monday, July 22, ar- 
riving on Tuesday, the 23d. He is ex- 
pected to speak at 10 o'clock Wednesday 
morning and at 8 o'clock Wednesday 
evening, the 24th, and at the same hours 
on Thursday, the 25th. On Friday he 
will hope to speak at 10 a. m. and at 2 130 
p. m. On Friday evening, the principal 
address will be by Rev. R. A. Torrey. 
On Saturday and on the Sabbath, the 
27th and 28th of July, the principal ad- 
dresses will be given by Dr. Torrey, pas- 
tor of the Chicago Avenue Church and 
Superintendent of the Bible Institute, 
Chicago. On Monday, July 22d, Rev. 
Dr. Johnston Myers, pastor of Immanuel 
Baptist Church, Chicago, will give the 
principal addresses. Arrangements for 
Tuesday are not concluded. We have 
the promise of missionary addresses by 
Rev. Dr. Roy, of the American Mission- 
ary Association ; Rev. Dr. Lownsbury, 
of the Baptist Missionary Board; Mr. 
Harry Monroe, of Pacific Garden Mis- 
sion, and other addresses on the subject 
are expected. Rev. Milford H. Lyon, 
Superintendent of the evangelistic work 
for the State Christian Endeavor Socie- 
ty, will be present during the week, and 
is expected to give a number of evan- 
gelistic addresses. Mr. L. Wilbur Mes- 
ser, of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation in Chicago, has promised to speak 
for the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, or send a representative to do so. 
The singing will be in charge of Mr. 
Williams, the evangelistic leader. His 
wife will be with him during the wxek. 
It is hoped that Brethren Excell and Bil- 
horn will be with us for a part of the 
time, though this is not promised. 

The afternoons will be reserved for 
rest, excursions, and athletic sports. 
Meetings for special objects may be ar- 
ranged for at 3 o'clock during the week, 
but only those who are particularly inter- 
ested in them will be expected to attend. 

June, 1901. 


We hope that the week may be filled 
with Christian joy and blessing for all 
who attend, and that there will be much 
interest for both young and old. 

The expense for board will be one dol- 
lar per day, and all persons intending to 
be present are requested to send their 
names, and the days for which they wish 
entertainment, to Professor D. A. Straw, 
Wheaton, Illinois. An entertainment 
committee is being arranged which will 
provide for the comfort of our friends 
from abroad. All papers interested in 
this movement are requested to copy the 
above notice. 



During the sessions of the License 
Court in Philadelphia, several years ago, 
the matter of the applicants for saloon 
privileges toying with their Masonic em- 
blems became so marked that the pre- 
siding judge of the court, though a 
prominent member of the fraternity, see- 
ing the good name of the order was so 
scandalized, felt called upon to publicly 
rebuke this very prominent bidding for 

Again, at the recent hearing of appli- 
cants in the License Court of Chester 
County, Pennsylvania, the same thing 
was remarked, though it passed unre- 
buked except in the following communi- 
cation to the New American, from J. 
Newton Huston, a resident, who is also 
an attorney, a reporter of the law cases, 
etc., and a faithful Christian. He says : 

"It was an improper thing for mem- 
bers of the W. C. T. U. and others to 
write to the Judges concerning cases that 
they were to sit in judgment on. It was 
no doubt done without proper considera- 
tion. But it was also improper for men 
w^earing Masonic symbols to, by toying 
with them in the court room in plain 
view of the Judges, thereby plainly show 
that they meant the mighty power of 
that organization to be a factor in the 
case. They have not yet been rebuked 
for their conduct unless it has been done 
in the secrecy of the lodge room. Wheth- 
er it has been done in that way or not the 
initiated only can know. When Babylon 
falls, as one dav she will, all the com- 

bined iniquity that enters into our mod- 
ern life will go down together, as we read 
in the i8th chapter of Revelation. In 
the meantime faithful men and women 
must be content to suffer and struggle 
and pray, but this generation will have 
to be the martyrs of the cause." 

It may be worth while to add that at 
the same session of the court an applica- 
tion for renewal of a license at the his- 
toric hamlet of Dilworthtown, near the 
field of the battle of Brandywine, was re- 
fused, the remonstrance there again 
being o\-ervvhelming. It was the first 
time that the right to deal out firewater 
at this ancient hostelrie (now scarcely at 
all patronized by travelers), had been 
questioned. Josiah W. Leeds. 



I had a long talk with an Odd Fellow 
a few days ago. He is a man whom I 
have known for several years. I have 
dealings with him, and know him to be 
an honest, sincere, upright man. A true 
Christian in whom there is no guile. I 
have long desired to learn how he could 
endorse the follies of the lodge and en- 
dure its dogmas and at the same time 
retain his conscience before God. Here 
are some of the reasons : 

(i) He belongs to a lodge largely made 
up of religious people, who make it a 
place where religion is made a subject of 
talk. (2) The Chaplain always prays in 
the name of Jesus and that for the vital 
conversion of its unsaved people. (3) 
No characters are taken who in the least 
arc uncongenial to. Christian company. 
Very well, said I, but now about some 
things I will name. I then began to tell 
v/hat I knew of its teachings. Here came 
the sequel, (i) The man had never had 
a revelation of the doctrines of the lodge. 
I took up dogma after dogma and com- 
mented upon them by the Word of God. 
I opened to him the Bible that lay on the 
desk ot the lodge (altar, they call it). I 
revealed to him some of the things there- 
in taught and showed him how inconsist- 
ent was the life of the man who, knowing 
these things, allowed the lodge to demor- • 
alize its teachings and instead teach the 
commandments of men. (2) I carried 



June, 1901. 

him into the midst of initiation and de- 
gree work, and exhibited the character 
of the charges and rituahsm of the lodge. 

He argued a while to show me that I 
must be mistaken as to the signification 
of the teaching in the entrance and de- 
gree work. But he has promised me to 
investigate my views of it and them and 
to know more fully their meaning. This 
is v.'hat I learned of that mistakea man ; 
that, had he the proper information, he 
would not remain with the lodge over 
night. Oh, how many are thus in "ig- 
norance and in unbelief !" What can we 
do to throw out the life line and save. I 
hope later to be able to prepare a tract 
in which I wish to discuss in detail the 
doctrines of the lodges as they pertain to 
offering a false hope and implead Chris- 
tian people to desert them and empha- 
size the Church and its mission among 

Davton, Ohio. 


BY PvP:V. H. H. H1NMA.N, No. 4. 

During the summer of 1882, through 
the indefatigable labors of Mrs. E. A. 
Cook, Rev. J. P. Stoddard and others, a 
large, fine monument vv^as erected to the 
memory of Capt. William Morgan, of 
Batavia, New York. It was made at Rye- 
gate, Vermont, and cost about two thou- 
sand five hundred dollars. The shaft is 
eighteen feet high and is surmounted 
with a statue of nearly life size. The un- 
veiling took place September 13th, 1882, 
and was the occasion of a national 
meeting of the National Christian As- 
sociation. The convention was largely 
attended and there were many able ad- 
dresses. .The address at the unveiling 
was by President C. A. Blanchard, and 
was both able and eloquent. Among his 
auditors was Robert Morris, LL. D., the 
distinguished Masonic author, who 
thought the occasion of so much im- 
portance that he wrote a good-sized vol- 
ume giving the Masonic version of the 
Morgan abduction. It contained some 
gross misstatements in reference to the 
anti-Masonic movement as well as 
against prominent anti-Masons. He 
was particularly severe on President Jon- 
athan Blanchard, and Mr. Edmond Ro- 
nayne. Of Mr.- Ronavne he said that he 

was a Jesuit priest .who, under orders 
from "his superior, had become an Epis- 
copal clergyman, had joined the Masons 
and come to America to give representa- 
tions of Masonry — all of which charges 
were untrue. 

It is quite remarkable that a man of 
the fine ability and learning of Mr. Mor- 
ris should have become so infatuated as 
to substitute prevarications for real facts 
when speaking of Masonry. It best il- 
lustrates the demoralizing influence of 
that institution. He had reason to feel 
sore when speaking of Mr. Ronayne, 
since he had been badly worsted in a 
joint discussion in the Interior, a Presby- 
terian paper of Chicago. How any man 
could, as he is said to have done, employ 
a Syrian artist to engrave Masonic em- 
blems on a Syrian tomb, then take a pho- 
tograph of it which he represented as the 
picture of the actual tomb of Hiran 
Abif¥, is a mysterv equal to the idea that 


when Paul wrote to the Corinthians. 
"This is the third time I am coming unto 
you" (II. Cor. 13: i), he meant that he 
was coming to confer the third or Mas- 
ter's degree of Masonry. 

Among the interesting papers read 
at this convention was the statement of 
Hon. Thurlow Weed in reference to the 

June, 1901. 



abduction and murder of Morgan. Air. 
J. P. Stoddard had a few days previous 
visited Mr. Weed at his home and ob- 
tained his statement. It was duly attest- 
ed and sworn to before a Notary. PubHc. 
Mr. Weed was then ill and soon after 
di:ed, so that this was one of his last im- 
portant acts. No one had been more ac- 
tive in the anti-Masonic movement of 
1826-36 than Mr. Weed, and no one had 
endured more slander and abuse. 

Another incident of the convention 
was the testimony of an old lady who was 
at Canandaigua when Morgan was taken 
out of the jail and forced into a carriage 
v.hich took him to his doom. She dis- 
tinctly heard his cry for help, which no 
one regarded. 

Who Heard. Morgan's Cry for Help. 

After the Batavia convention I spent 
almost ten days in visiting the Baptist 
and Wesleyan churches which occupy 
the beautiful districts which lie between 
the Seneca and Cayuga Lakes. I made 
quite a number of addresses and met a 
most hospitable and enthusiastic wel- 
come. From here I went to Watkins, 
the head of Seneca Lake, near which 
place lived Enoch Honevwell, whom I 

found at the age of ninety-two full of en- 
thusiasm in the anti-Masonic reform. 
Mr. Honeywell was a veteran in the anti- 
Masonic warfare and was one of those 
original anti-Masons who labored con- 
scientiously from the days of the Mor- 
gan abduction to the end of his life. Of 
his tract, ''For the Young Men of Amer- 
ica," he had, at his own expense, pub- 
lished- more than a million of copies and 
spread them broadcast over " the land. 
From him I received inspiration and 
some financial aid. Thence I went to 
New York City, visiting the rooms of the 
A. M. A., and meeting Rev. James P. 
Stoddard, our General Agent, by whose 
advice I went on to Washington, D. C, 
expecting after a brief stop to go on to 
the South. 

At Washington I found so much of 
sympathy, so large and so promising a 
field of labor that I was constrained to 
remain longer than I had anticipated. 
Washington, up to i860, was little more 
than a widespread village, which owed 
its importance to its being the seat of 
government. Since then it has under- 
gone a marked evolution and develop- 
ment. Of the two hundred thousand in- 
habitants in 1882, at least seventy thou- 
sand were colored, and these were of 
every grade of development from the 
lowest degradation to refinement and 
high culture. 

I visited and addressed the students of 
Howard University, with the approval of 
its President and some of the faculty. I 
also addressed the. students of Howard 
L'niversity, the Baptist school for the 
higher education of the young men. 
Llere I met some of the young men 
whom I had previously met at institu- 
tions in the South. I called on a large 
number of pastors, both white and col- 
ored, and was received with varying de- 
grees of sympathy or of opposition. I 
gave one lecture in the Free Methodist 
Church which was heartily endorsed by 
all the members of that body, and we or- 
o-anized a W^ashington Anti-Secrecv As- 
sociation, which kept up weekly meet- 
ir^gs for a considerable time. 

I also visited Alexandria, Hampton 
and Norfolk, Virginia. At Hampton I 
was most kindly received once and again 
by General Armstrong, of Hampton In- 
dustrial Institute, and had ample oppor- 



June, 1901. 

tiuiity to address the students. I was 
received with equal cordiahty by the 
United Presbyterian Alission in the old 
city of Norfolk. 

The coming of our General Agent to 
Washington resulted in the purchase of 
a building at 215 4J Street, N. W., which 
for .. good many years was the headquar- 
ters of the Eastern division of our work. 
Rev. E. D. Bailey was the first Washing- 
ton Agent. 

It ^\•as thought that the time was ripe 
for the inauguration of a political move- 
ment, of which opposition to organized 
secrecy should be a prominent feature 
and Washington the center. "The Ameri- 
can" was started in the spring of 1884, 
under the management of Mr. Bailey, 
and continued several years, doing an 
excellenf work, but failing ' to accom- 
plish t!ie main object for which it had 
been started. It received the endorse- 
li.ent and aid of ex-United States Sena- 
tor Samuel C. Pomeroy, and some other 
citiz-ens of Washington, but in the main 
it was depreciated or ignored by the poli- 

Like the Liberty party of 1840, it had 
too small a constituency to make a wide- 
spread impression, but like the party of 
freedom it contained the elements of ul- 
timate success. Political anti-secrecy is 
not dead, but biding its time. < As Dr. 
Lyman Beecher said of the repeal of the 
fifteen-gallon law in Massachusetts, 
"The people had let go to spit on their 

Mr. Bailey was an able editor and lec- 
turer, but his special gift is that of an 
evangelist. In this great and good work 
he has been eminently successful. Sev- 
eral important national meetings of the 
National Christian Association were held 
in Washington. 

The work and workers in New En- 
gland and the East demand a continu- 
ance of these articles. 

Oberlin, Ohio, April 9, 1901. 


"1 should think you would be afraid to 
eat onions in the middle of the day," 
said the blond typewriter to the brunette 
when they met at dinner. 

"I'm not a bit," repHed the dark one ; 
''you see, our ofhce is on the thirty-sixth 
floor, and when I go up in that elevator 
it takes my breath away." — Yonkers 

(Editor's Note: The first number was pub- 
lished in the March, 1901, Cynosure, page 
369. This second number, which has also 
been compiled from the Reformed Presby- 
terian Witness of Glasgow, Scotland, by Rev. 
G. M. Robb, is to be followed in our July 
number by a third article. 

Our second remark in regard to Free- 
masonry is that the unwarranted rela- 
tionships originated by it are founded 
on secrecy — systematic and compulsory 
secrecy — secrecy that is wholly without 
warrant in the Word of God. And that 
secrecy is not only unwarranted, but it is 
unnecessary for any good purpose. It is 
inconsistent with the character of the re- 
ligion of Christ, and it is in the very na- 
ture of things dangerous to the interests 
of the community. * ^ * Take away 
the secrecy, and both the charm and the 
virtue of Freemasonry would be gone. 
To most minds this must appear a thing 
very in'congruous. Think of an organi- 
zation claiming to have the highest 
philanthropic aims, and proposing to it- 
self the sacred mission of elevating men 
to the highest standard of life, so that 
they may ''harmonize their conduct with 
the principles of morality and virtue," 
yet requiring that all its workings should 
be curtained off from the view of the 
world — so walled in, in fact, and guarded 
and concealed, that no uninitiated eye 
can possibly see behind the veil. The 
thing seems so incongruous, so suspi- 
cious, so unmanly even, that it is almost 
incredible. There are institutions whose 
preferences for secrecy we can well un- 
derstand — the public-house, with its 
darkened windows, and the convent with 
its high walls and bolted doors, among 
the rest. But for a society professing 
such high philanthropic and moral aims 
as Freemasonry, the need of secrecy 
does seem strange. Think of the church 
of Christ carrying on its work with doors 
closed and so carefully guarded that no 
stranger can enter to see or hear what 
is being said or done. * * * The 
mere fact of secrecy, we are aware, does 
not prove that a thing is wrong. Every 
human being has thoughts in his own 
breast that he would not deem it prudent 
to publish to the world. Families have 
their private matters, which they wisely 
keep to themselves. Business firms 

June, 1901. 



have the same. And, similarly, even 
public bodies, legislative and judicial, 
both in Church and State, have occasion- 
al private meetings, the proceedings of 
which it is necessary in the public inter- 
ests, and therefore lawful and right, to 
keep secret. But to organize a narrow 
brotherhood on the basis of secrecy, and 
to make everything about it secret, is 
different altogether. "^ * '^ Under a 
free government truth and right never 
need to shun or fear the light of day. 
Nothing that is conscious of high, un- 
selfish rectitude will seek, as vital to its 
very existence, to hide itself in darkness. 
The very resort to secrecy is suspicious. 
Truth loves the light. ^ * * >^^ot only 
is secrecy not necessary for any good and 
lawful purpose, but it has no warrant 
from Scripture. The very idea of secrecy 
is alien to the spirit of the gospel and the 
kingdom of Christ. It was neither the 
method nor the spirit of Christ or His 
Apostles or His Church. Jesus said of 
Himself when he dwelt among men : 'T 
spoke openly to the world ; I even taught 
in the synagogue and in the temple, 
whither the Jews always resort, and in 
secret have I said nothing." * * * But 
not only is secrecy unnecessary for any 
worthy cause, and unwarranted by the 
religion of Christ ; it is actually danger- 
ous, and may become a menace to so- 
ciety. In the hands of evil men whose 
ends are selfish and sinister, it can be 
made an engine of great mischief. Even 
in the hands of good men it presents a 
temptation to courses and methods that 
Avould not be thought of in the light of 
open day. "^^ * * Publicity is like the 
health-giving breeze that sweeps across 
the crowded city. * '■= "^ In an edi- 
torial in the Glasgow Herald a few days 
ago we find a statement probably far- 
ther reaching than the writer intended, 
but true ; it is this : ''Nothing has served 
the cause of truth, justice, freedom, pro-^ 
gress, better than publicity, and there is 
every reason to believe that the future 
will not differ materially from the past." 
There is sound philosophy here and it 
will be an evil day for society when this 
principle is set aside. ^ * ^^= While 
dealing with this element of secrecy in 
Freemasonry, there is another feature 
we must mention, wdiich is a great aggra- 
vation of the evil of secrecv, and that is 

that the Order takes its members all 
bound to keep its secrets, to conform to 
its rules, before these secrets and rules 
are made known to the candidate seek- 
ing admission. The candidate who for 
the first time enters a Masonic lodge is 
literally blindfolded. He is mentally 
blindfolded as well. He swears to con- 
ceal and he swears to conform to — he 
really does not know what. * ''' * We 
have known cases in which men have 
been induced to join the Order, and have 
taken the oaths of secrecy, and vvhen the 
initiation ceremonj was past the revul- 
sion of feeling was so great that their 
first visit to the lodge was also their last. 
>ic :ic ^ The oaths themselves are bar- 
barous. Take the very first, which is far 
from the most repulsive, that af the E. 
A., or Entered Apprentice. After hav- 
ing sworn secrecy in the most elaborate 
fashion, he adds : "To all which I most 
solemnly promise and swear, without the 
least equivocation, mental reservation, or 
self-evasion of mind in me whatever, 
binding myself under no less penalty 
than to have my throat cut across, my 
tongue torn out by the roots, and my 
body buried in the rough sands of the 
sea at low water mark^ where the tide 
ebbs and flows every twenty-four hours. 
So help me God, and keep me steadfast 
in the performance of the same." * * * 
A great statesman once remarked that 
no decent butcher would cut up a hog 
in the way these oaths provided for kill- 
ing a man who breaks his Masonic vows. 
(Rev.) G. M. Robb. 
Syracuse, N. Y., March 19, '01. 

"I'm goin' to leave, mum," announced 
the housemaid to her mistress. 

"Why, I've been doing half your work 
myself in order to induce you to stay," 
replied the lady. "Isn't that enough?" 

"Yes'm," answered the girl 


your half of it ain't done to suit me."- 
— Chi ago News. 

^IcGorry: "I'll buy yez no new hat, dV 
yez moind thot ? Ye are vain enough 

Mrs. McGorry: "Me vain? Oi'm not! 
Shure. Oi don't tink mesilf half as good 
lookin' as Oi am." 



June, 1901. 



PRICE.— Per year, in advanoe. $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES. — We fiad that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in 
case they fail to remit before expiration. It is 
therefore assumed, unless notification to discon- 
tinue is received, that the subscriber wishes no 
interruption in his series. Notification to dis- 
continue at expiration can be sent in at any 
time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for THE OHiRESTIA'N CYNOSURE to be sent 
to friends. In such cases, if we are advised that 
a subscription is a present and not regularly 
authorized by the xecipient, we will make a 
memorandum to d'is-continue at expiration, and 
to send no bill for the ensuing year. 

Address all letters periaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West IMadison 
Street, Chicago, ill. 


This is the title of a six-leaved pam- 
phlet, four inches wide, with its first page 
a title page and its last one occupied by 
a portrait and a few related Hues, All is 
enclosed in a plain brown cover, bearing 
not even the title. 

At the foot of the title page is the ''No- 
tice : — This book of secrets is for C. M. 
A. members only. Keep it in a secure 
place, so no outsiders will see it." If 
they did see it they would so know very 

The Book of Secrets is made up in 
paragraphs or sections, under headings, 
the opening one being "Special No- 
tice," and the notice itself reading: "In 
the first place, every member of the C. 
M. A. must have a badge of the order, a 
certificate of membership from the Grand 
Secretary, A (sic) book of secret work, 
a key to Bestography, and be a regular 
subscriber to the Star, which is the offi- 
cial organ of the order." 

Then follows a general argument for 
secret orders, with special allusion to 
Solomon and the temple. Solomon is 
made ruler of a secret society and all the 
workmen members, and the secrets of 
that society are brought down to the 
present day. This is the sort of matter 

the so-called "Coming Men of America" 
are treated to on the very first page. 

The climax at which the following pas- 
sage arrives is worthy of the "notice" 
which constitutes the opening para- 
graph of the book. There is a burst of 
enthusiasm over the principles and des- 
tiny of the enterprise, and an announce- 
ment of what is to happen in the jungles 
of India, the wilderness of Africa, on the 
plains, in the tropics, on the mountains, 
in times of war, in times of peace, in the 
frozen north, on the boundless sea, in 
the mine. If this is a little mixed, let us 
remember that it is in a book of secrets, 
and being so universal cannot be expect- 
ed to come under the narrow English 
limitations of speech. It goes thus elo- 
quently on : "From the Atlantic comes 
the joyful message, 'The C. M. A. is 
booming,' from the Pacific the cry, 'We 
are growing fast;' from Canada, from 
Mexico, yes, from every State in the 
Union comes (sic) words of cheer and 
promise to work for our grand cause. 
We have members everywhere in North 
America, even in Alaska, Cuba, and the 
Hawaiian islands. 

Work, brothers, work, and not only 
build up the order, but win degrees for 
yourself, (sic) 

Work till you have six members in 
your town to start a lodge, then work to 
build a large lodge." 

Now, isn't that a great scheme to run 
up a big circulation for a Cheap John 

The next page has a cut of the "official 
badge," which is a cabalistic affair. 

It has a circle emblematic of the circle 
of joiners, and a star to show that the 
C. M. A. is a bright and guiding star, a 
square spot to teach the brothers to be 
square, especially with persons who have 
subscribed for the paper. 

"The letters on joints of the star are 
C. M. A. O. T. N." Coming Men of 
America, Our Turn Next. 

"The grip is made by shaking hands 
in the ordinary manner, pressing the 
back of each other's hands with the 
thumb three times." 

"The each other's" keeps company 
with other characteristic marks rather 
frequently found within the narrow lim- 
its of this six-leaved "book." 

Illustrations accompany the descrip- 

June, 1901. 



tion of signs. If strangers meet one 
says : ''That is a nice badge you year ;" 
the other, "I am proud to wear it/' when 
the first responds, "You are a friend of 
mine ; give me the grip." 

Or, without speaking, one scratches 
his nose with the first finger of his right 
hand, whereupon the other likewise 
scratches his fraternal chin. 

But if one should see another scratch 
his nose, and doubt whether he was au- 
thorized so to do, he would go to him 
and say: "Give me the test sign and 
word of the C. M. A." (We supply the 
capital ; given in lower case in the book.) 
Response : "Give me your right hand 
and the grip." The first then whispers : 
"What is the word?" The other whis- 
pers : "America," and the first concludes, 
"You are right." 

The sign of Distress is made by clasp- 
ing on.e's hands back of the head. The 
response to this is shown by a cut much 
needed to make up for the misstatement 
of the description. A member is seen 
holding the lapels of his own coat, but 
the statement is : "Other members seeing 
this sign will answer it by clasping the 
lapels of his coat with both hands, fin- 
gers on the inside, thumbs pointing up- 
ward." In the dark, where no sign can 
be seen, the distress sign is : "Oh, if I 
had a friend ; help me ;" and the re- 
sponse, "Oh, you have a friend." 

To warn another that he is in danger 
or being swindled in a trade, one says : 
"It is growing late for members of the 
C. M. A." If the other understands, he 
i-eplies : "I think so." The same thing 
can be done without speaking, by clasp- 
ing the hands flat across the chest and 
making the sound of clearing the throat, 
while the response is taking hold of the 
lower part of one's own right ear. 

In writing a letter to a member, be- 
gin : "Dear Brother," and end, "Your"' 
friend." "Be sure to remember this 
when you write, it is very important." 

There is a sign to withdraw if you 
wish to call some one out of a room with- 
out attracting attention, and a sign of 
sickness or pain. 

If one has a friend, not a member, 
whom he wishes other members present 
to treat well, he clasps his own hands, 
crossing the palms. 

"Clasp them like you were shaking 
hands with yourself." 

At a burial, when the body is lowered, 
"Uncover your head, hold hat in left 
hand at your side, cross right hand palm 
flat across left chest, bow head, remain- 
ing silent until you mentally count 15." 

"No one can join the C. M. A. unless 
he is a subscriber to the Star." 

There are directions how to canvass 
for subscribers, or, as they are called, 

There are degree bars to hang as link- 
ed pendants below the badge. "These 
degrees can only be obtained by getting 
new members," who are subscribers for 
the paper. 

The little pamphlet reflects rather se- 
verely on the proof reader and on the 
author. It is badly written and incor- 
rectly printed. 

But these seem venial faults compared 
with teaching boys to begin the joining 
habit, worse than the cigarette habit, 
about which more is said, and teaching 
them falsehood about Masonry and 
about the erection of the temple of God. 

The whole enterprise is run by one 
man, to whom subscriptions are sent by 
the hosts of boy canvassers whom he 
ropes in to canvass for nothing and boom 
circulation for his cheap paper. Whether 
his object is to get a large circulation for 
the sake of advertising patronage, or 
v/hether the paper is incidental to the 
gathering of revenue from the boys, we 
do not decide. Renewal of subscription 
to the paper is the sole condition of con- 
tinuing membership year by year. 

Wheaton College, Wheaton, 111. — A 
school for men and women. One of the 
schools for higher education which has 
for the last forty years or more been do- 
ing a work for the United States and the 
regions beyond. Has received students 
from California and New York, from 
Central America and Africa, from Eu- 
rope and Asia. Its graduates and for- 
mer students are laboring in all parts of 
the world. Its courses of instruction are 
thorough and well-balanced. Expenses 
are moderate. Christian character is 
the great object sought for. Catalogues 
and other information sent gladly on re- 
quest. Address 

Charles A. Blanchard, President. 



June, 1901. 

Rev. P. W. Raidabaugh, manager of 
the Publishing Association of Friends, 
has recently removed from Chicago to 
Plainfield, Ind., where it has been decid- 
ed, I believe, to centralize the Friends' 
publishing interests and to build and en- 
dow an up-to-date plant for business. 
While the National Christian Associa- 
tion will be deprived of the very helpful 
services of Bro. Raidabaugh on its Board 
of Directors, which it regrets, yet we are 
glad of the enlarged prospects for useful- 
ness of the Publishing Association of 
Friends. The opportunity for philan- 
thropic Friends to help their denomina- 
tion by taking at once a financial inter- 
est in the publishing plant will undoubt- 
edly not be overlooked. 

Plainfield, Ind., May 8, 1901. 

I will not be able to meet with your 
Board hereafter. My association with 
the brethren the last four or five years 
has been very pleasant, and I regret sev- 
ering connection with them in the work. 
Sincerely yours, P. W. Raidabaugh. 


Another subject which I have fre- 
quently referred to, and vigorously con- 
demned as a most reprehensible practice, 
is the use of printed or written rituals of 
the esoteric work of Masonry. 

From the printed reports of proceed- 
ings I have learned that no less than 
eight or ten of the Grand Lodges of our 
country either permit or authorize, by 
statute, the use of these rituals, in some 
form or other, by their subordinate 
lodges. In one jurisdiction, a few yearS 
since, the Committee on Ritual recom- 
mended a certain work of this character 
to be used by their subordinate lodges, 
giving the name and address of the firm 
from which the book could be bought. 
This recommendation was adopted by 
the Grand Lodge as the standard work 
in its jurisdiction, and the subordinate 
lodges were instructed to use the same. 

I cannot conceive of a clearer viola- 
tion of the landmarks of our fraternity 
than such action as this ; and, in my opin- 
ion, other Grand Lodges might cease 
fraternal relations with those adopting 
such action with as much propriety as in 
the cases of. the Grand Orient of France, 
some years ago, and, more recently, the 

Grand Lodge of Peru, for striking from 
their rituals the requirement of a belief 
in the existence of Deity. For, while the 
French and Peruvian action was clearly 
in violation of the landmarks, and de- 
serving of the strongest condemnation, 
its influence was local, and only afifected 
the craft within their own jurisdiction, 
whereas the cipher evil afifects the fra- 
ternity generally, and may, if persisted 
in, eventuate in the destruction of the in- 
stitution of Freemasonry. — Selected. 

The recognition, by an ofiicial Mason-' 
ic authority, of the danger to Masonry 
in a ritual, may be claimed as an en- 
dorsement of the N. C. A. See our ad- 
vertising page. Will not our readers 
consider the eiiicacy of owning and cir- 
culating rituals ? We will mail them on 
receipt of advertised price to any ad- 
dress for those who prefer not to be 
themselves known as sending to those 
receiving them. It is better to get those 
not in cipher for ordinary readers. 


If Dr. Darius Wilson, of New York 
City, worked as operative instead of a 
speculative Mason, he might be called 
a scab. Ordinarily a New-Yorker has to 
pay more than a big gas bill for the dark 
lantern illumination shining along the 
path from the Blue Lodge to the 32d de- 
gree, but now the trip can be made for 
a mere fraction of the ancient price, and 
dear at that. 

For a fifth of the old rate one can now 
go from the 32d into the Shrine, and get 
the privilege of wearing the moon and 
going around with a scimeter. What 
the drinks will cost afterwards is one of 
the secrets to discover. 

A reporter called at 240 Fifth avenue, and 
found Dr. Darius Wilson, who is said to be 
not unknown to Masons in Massachusetts. 
He admitted he was "K. T." He is a mem- 
ber of Yonnondio Lodge, No. 163, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Rochester, N. Y.; of 
Mount Zion Chapter, No. 2.31, Royal Arch 
Masons; Union Council, Royal and Se- 
lect Masters, and of York Commandery, 
Knights Templar, all of New York. Dr. Wil- 
son, a white-bearded man of about 60 years, 
said in explanation of his offer: "M. McB. 
Thompson, of Montpelier, Idaho, and I have 
decided to start Scottish Rites bodies of our 
own in the United States. We derive authori- 

June, 1901. 


ty from the Scottish Rite of Scothmd, where- 
as the other fellows get their authority orig- 
inally from France. Scotland is Scottish, 
hence Scottish Rite. We shall also work 
under the Imperial Confederation of the Rites 
of the World, which takes in all the degrees 
from the 4th to the 96th; the supreme council 
of Spain, and under a charter for the Ancient 
Primitive and Oriental Rite, granted by the 
sovereign grand body in Italy. We also de- 
rive authority from P. C Butt, who is the 
most worshipful sovereign grand master gen- 
eral of the Ancient and Accepted Egyptian 
Rite of Memphis. I have another charter 
from the Oriental Order of the Pilgrim Weep- 
er of the Palm and the Shell, from India. As 
for the Mystic Shrine, I get my authority to 
establish temples and confer the degrees from 
somewhere in India, where the Mahatmas 
come from, and the authority is derived from 
P. C. Butt." 

Here are aid and comfort for the Pil- 
grim Weeper. 


What can be done to lessen the loss by 
suspension for the non-payment of dues? 

This question is O'f much importance 
and worthy of earnest consideration. 
There must be some causes which tend to 
produce this result. 

Financial embarrassment may be one 

Another cause of so many suspensions 
is, perhaps, loss of interest. 

Still another reason is disappointment. 
They have not found what they expect- 
ed. They have heard of grand and glori- 
ous principles inculcated by our order, 
of the attentions to the sick, of charities. 
—Condensed from Indian Mason. 


The clandestine Masonic Lodges of Ohio 
are thirty-three in number, named and lo- 
cated as follows: 

Ahlman, Newark; Alliance, Alliance; Alpha, 
Cleveland; Bismarck, Cincinnati; Brighton, 
Cincinnati; Columbia, Columbus; Dumah, 
Springfield; Eureka, Cincinnati; Franklin, 
Columbus; Gem City, Dayton; Globe, Toledo; 
Hiram, Canton; Independence, Youngstown; 
Lessing, Toledo; Lincoln, Toledo; Lincoln, 
Cleveland; Linton, Cincinnati; MassiUon, 
Massillon; Mt. Tabor, Chillicothe; Myrtle, Mt 
Vernon; New England, Worthington; Olen- 
tangy, Columbus; Painesville, Painesville; 

Progress, Cleveland; Salem, New Salem; 
Scioto Valley, Portsmouth; Surprise, 01m- 
stead Falls; Summit, Akron; Victor, Cleve- 
land; Vinton, Galloway; Washington, Cincin- 
nati; West Mansfield, West Mansfield; Lin- 
coln Goodale, Columbus. 

Lodges outside of Ohio should place these 
names w^here they may be readily referred to, 
especially when examining visitors from 
Ohio.— Masonic Chronicle. 

A lodge seems a naturally clandestine 


The Bridgeport, Conn., Telegram says 
of a recent session of the Shrine in that 
city : 

To diagram the stage settings would 
be to betray the confidences of an archi- 
tect or the building commissioners; to 
depict the calcium and sand effects might 
implicate the master machinist ; to ihus- 
trate the gyrations of Morgiana were to 
outrival the Forty Thieves, and make 
Louie F'uller fuller — of emotion. 

To illustrate just where the awaking 
scribe was ensconsed when the whirlwind 
struck the desert and Charity Commis- 
sioner Biltz struck Sailer's hall, were to 
put the affable commissioner in a com- 
promising position, and we won't do it, 
not though it would tickle our fancy to 
see him planted on the hump of the 
camel and have his fezlets, scimiter in 
hand, decapitate the unfortunate com- 

Those Mystic Shriners have had us 
guessing more than .once, let them now 
turn out and guess how we got into the 

They came in bunches ; from north, 
east, south and west, resplendent with 
medals, full of shrine ginger and Alder- 
man Graves' soda water, and disguising 
themselves with domino and two boards, 
started in to put the tminitiated through 
their sprouts. 

Police Commissioner. Baldwin looloed 
like Ali Baba, looking for the mysteri- 
ous cave. Dan Rowland was a thing of 
beauty and a joy forever; true, he looked 
as if he'd rather be trouting, but as the 
hind legs of the kicking camel, he outdid 
"Dick" Golden in the palmy days of 
Evangeline on the identical point of the 
heifer Dan occupied as the camel. 

We put up a righteous kick against the 



June, 1901. 

Operatic introduction. The orchestra 
was worse than a cross roads circus band 
and th:e singers — we'd rather hear Eddie 
Riley any time. 

The sand effect was good and what 
didn't get into the eyes, nostrils and ears 
of the candidates, was made visible to 
the audience through the medium of a 
blacksmith's bellows, and it was boss. 

The simoon reminded a fellow as it 
came along from up the stage of the 
days when he attended club and return- 
ing home, uncertain just where he was 
at, struck a dark hall, then the banister 
rail. The sensation was there and the 
effect on the candidates made them act 
as if certain judgment had struck them 
for mixing up with such an aggregation ; 
also as if they didn't want to go on the 
stage any more and had changed their 
minds about becoming knock-about 

The transformation scene was a reve- 
lation of beauty and as Abdallah Sazarac 
and Mustaph headed the Amazons in the 
march, the Shriners wished they'd 
picked out some other beauties to rep- 
resent the Shrine. 

The dead candidates were carried off, 
the scene changed to an enchanted isl- 
and with the prelate, Monte Cristo like, 
telling the brothers the world was his, a 
little red fire, that the bellows blew out 
and the degree work was over. 

The scene was so realistic that a man 
in the flies got overheated and fell to the 
stage, but he hadn't far to go, so got up 
and dusted. — American Tyler. 

"To be continued" in ''Nobles of the 
Mvstic Shrine," for sale by the N. C. A. 


The Cynosure has received from the 
International Globe Company of Chica- 
go one of their flat globes, which shows 
the correct position and relationship of 
all waters and countries of the earth's 
surface ; the animals of the different 
zones ; products and industries ; the time 
around the world at all places, etc., etc. 
This globe is intended to take the place 
of the costly spherical globes and to give 
for $2.00 what generally costs many 
times that amount. 

The editor of the Cynosure commends 
the flat globe as a valuable addition to 
the office or . home. A Geographical 
Manual accompanies the flat globe. 

"District representation in the Ohio 
Rebekah Assembly has been tried and al- 
ready the murmurings of discontent are 
heard among the unrepresented lodges. 
We predicted that when the enthusiasm 
heretofore kindled annually at the State 
Assemblies and carried home by the rep- 
resentatives of those weaker lodges, with 
new modes of work, ceased, interest in 
Rebekah Odd Fellowship would grad- 
ually, become cold and die, and the result 
wo'uld be the surrender of the charters 
and death of the lodge. 

All these things have already come to 
pass in a small measure, and will grow 
in volumes' as' the years go by. 

Rebekah Odd Fellowship has become 
the second grand division of the or- 
der, as cited above. Why kill it, then, to 
gratify the spleen of such as have become 
disgruntled towards this branch, as was 
evidently the case in the Ohio change? 
R^bekahs did not ask for it, as but an ex- 
ceedingly smiall num'ber out of the thou- 
sands favored it, and yet the Grand Lodge 
forced it upon them' — for what? We 
can see no reason why, if not to gratify 
pique. Let the Grand Lodge return to 
the original idea before the gloomy mould 
of decay becomes so thick and poisonous 
that the bright germs of progress and en- 
thusiasm' are killed beyond recovery." 
—Condensed from Rebekah Department of Odd 
Fellow Companion. 

Even In the great jurisdiction of Pennsyl- 
▼anla, with its more than a hundred thousand 
Odd Fellows, that sprightly paper, the Sift- 
Ings, complains of non-support. The editor 
of that paper says in a recent issue: 

"None of them, so far as we have been ad- 
vised, have proved remunerative to their pub- 
lishers. Notwithstandinj: this discourage- 
ment a few journals, such as the Slftingi, 
New Age, the Companion and the Bundle of 
Sticks, through the determination of their 
publishers to persist in issuing them, in spite 
of every discouragement, have found their 
way to the firesides of a limited number ot 
paying subscribers for a considerable length 
of time. Why is it that our journals are not 
properly appreciated and more Uberally pat- 
ronized? They are as well conducted and as 
Intelligently edited as other journals pub- 
lished in the interest of kindred organization* 
and other secular, as well as religious socie- 

June, 1901. 


ties. No otner agency has accomplished so 
much toward promoting the welfare and 
prosperity of the order. Surely this cannot be 
denied; hence there can be no excuse for our 
brotherhood in withholding their patronage 
from the journals published solely in their 
interests as Odd Fellows."— The Companion. 

Btit does any other insurance company 
issue a paper that pays its own way? 
Probably the Travelers' Record has al- 
ways been supported by the company as 
an advertising medium. 


Brother Edwin L. Farrar, in the Talisman, 
of Indianapolis, wields a trenchant blade in 
an article in that paper. He asks questions 
like this: 

Why should the Sovereign Grand Lodge 
pay to its salaried officers, in addition to 
their salaries, the same per diem for attend- 
ance at the sessions of that grand body it 
pays to the Grand Representatives? And, 
why should it also pay those salaried officers 
for service on committees? For what are 
their salaries supposed to pay? Would the 
Grand Representatives be as liberal with 
their bookkeepers, clerk, etc., at home as they 
appear to have been with these brothers? 
Would any one of them pay a bookkeeper an 
annual salary, and, in addition thereto, per 
diem five dollars for each day he should 
be present in the office to attend to the busi- 
ness for which he was employed, or should 
an officer of the Sovereign Grand Lodge be so 
paid?— Odd Fellow's Companion, June, 1896. 

And, Brother Farrar, while we think 
about it, there is a question whether dues 
collected are turned this way instead of 
going for benefits! Suppose you. swing 
that trenchant blade round that side. 


Colonel Robert White, the orator at a 
school corner-stone laying, said : 

''I cannot look into the bright eyes of 
the ladies 'sparkling for us' to-day, with- 
out a passing word for them. You won- 
der, ladies, why a woman cannot be a 
Mason. I'll tell you why. You are not 
a man. It is because you are a woman, 
and Masons would have you preserve 
your womanhood, and keep the gentle- 
ness, purity and modesty which so well 
becomes your sex. 

"Why, Masons are said to ride goats. 
You mav ride a bicvcle, but vou don't 

want to ride a goat. Picture yourself, 
in your imagination, in a Masonic lodge 
room with the craft at work. There Ma- 
sons use implements of labor, squares, 
levels, plumbs, with which to build 
houses and temples. Do you want to be 
'plumbed up' or 'squared up' or 'leveled 
ofif?' If so, join the craft. Masons some- 
times work in their bare feet. If you de- 
sire your shapely feet exposed to sum- 
mer heat and winter cold, why, join the 

He does not recognize as Masons 
members of the Eastern Star, and he 
credits that class with modesty. It is 
true that Masonic initiation is impossi- 
ble for a decent woman. To save her 
life a female spy on Masonry once en- 
dured it. 


Masonry existed before regular fixed 
lodges. In those days the status of the whole 
craft was that of non-affiliated Masons, and 
whenever and wherever a sufficient number 
of them were thrown together they might 
form a lodge pro hac vice. Even now a man 
does not become a member of a lodge by vir- 
tue alone of his having received the degrees 
therein. It requires positive legislation to 
that effect to produce that result. But that 
positive legislation exists in the regulations 
of Grand Lodges, and we are so accustomed 
to it that we no longer conceive of the pos- 
sibility of a brother's receiving the degree in 
a lodge without ever becoming a member of 
that or any other lodge. But it is within the 
memory of men now living when such was 
the rule. It is not necessary to return to 
first principles in these matters, but to un- 
derstand those principles has a tendency to 
clarify our ideas of the crime of non-affilia- 
tion. Our owm attitude toward a brother 
who prefers to practice Masonry outside a 
lodge is precisely like our attitude toward a 
man who prefers to practice Christianity out- 
side the church. We think he is misguided: 
that it is his duty to belong to a lodge as it is 
the other's duty to belong to the church. But. 
after all, our estimate of his Masonry de- 
pends finally upon the quality of the ^Nlasou- 
ry which he practices, and, while we retain 
our opinion of his duty, we allow him the 
right to have his opinion and to follow it. . 
We would not coerce him. Considei-ing the 
way Masonry is in these days distorted, we 
have much sympathy with the Mason who 
chooses to be independent.— Amer. Tyler. 

Yet, does it not amount to practical se- 



June, 1901. 

Jlen)0 of ®ttr Pori 

29 ]\Ionroe Street, Springfield, Mass. 

I maintain a continual testimony 
against the lodge, both in public and in 
private, and feel its hate wherever I go. 
God helps me to speak in love as well as 
in plainness, and he will deliver "from 
all the assaults of hell and sin.'' 

Let's pray for each other. 

Love to all the saints. 

J. Franklin Browne. 

April 3, 1 90 1. 
During about sixty years I have op- 
posed secret societies for many reasons, 
the chief of which were, I believe they 
are in conflict with the plain teaching of 
the Bible, especially with the gospels. 
They tend to cultivate deception, swear- 
ing and intemperance. 

(Rev.) Jacob Davis. 


On Train, Alay 17, 1901. 

Dear Cynosure : My work for the 
month past has been in the four States 
of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan and 
Illinois. At Apollo, near Pittsburg, 
Pennsylvania, I addressed three congre- 
gations in Free Methodist churches. At 
Grove City, Ohio, I spoke in the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church. In Detroit, 
Michigan, I lectured in an Ohio Synod 
Lutheran Church. In Grand Rapids, 
Michigan, I conveyed the greetings of 
our Association and told of N. C. A. 
work at meetings of two classes of the 
Christian Reformed Church. I also 
preached in the Wesleyan Methodist 
Church and took part in a meeting held 
in a Baptist Church. In Chicago, Illi- 
nois, in addition to attending our Annual 
Meeting, I spoke to an audience of one 
hundred and fifty at a prayer meeting in 
the large Warren Avenue Congregation- 
al Church. 

I have disposed of considerable liter- 
ature in connection with the preparation 
for the Michigan State Convention. The 
work in Pennsylvania has never con- 
tributed more in support of the Cyno- 
sjure than to-day. Friends in Ohio ap- 
pear in good heart and gladly support 

the Cynosure. Michigan is a splendid 
field, ripe for the harvest. 

In Detroit there are twenty-five or 
more strong churches that exclude those 
connected with the lodges from their 
fellowship. I secured the subscriptions 
of the pastors of fifteen of these churches 
to the Cynosure. Time did not permit a 
visit to all. 

In Grand Rapids I found a population 
of 36,000 Hollanders. A majority of 
these, I judge, do not favor lodges. 
Some twenty subscriptions were secured 
in a short time among pastors and busi- 
ness men here. We look with expecta- 
tion to the State Convention soon to 

I lecture, D. V., in a Holland Church 
at Muskegon, Michigan, May 24th. Im- 
mediately after the Michigan State Con- 
vention I return home. 

W. B. Stoddard. 


Strasburg, 111., May 11, 1901. 

Will you allow me space in your val- 
uable paper to state to the public my ut- 
ter disgust and hatred of the principles 
and workings of all secret fraternal so- 
cieties. I have made them a special 
study for five years. I have openly op- 
posed them, both pubhcly and privately. 
And seeing the power and great efforts ^^ 
that are being made by these orders, I | 
hold it as my duty to God and to my fel- 
lowman to take up the work of openly 
opposing and exposing their principles 
and work. I am at liberty to go any- 
where, and will go wherever the people 
feel that my work is needed. I will j 
either deliver one or more lectures, ac- 
cording to the wishes and needs of the 
people and community in which I labor. 

Any one desiring my services may ad- j 
dress me at Strasburg, 111. Yours in the 
work, Eld. Thos. Inman. 


Dear Sir: I recently ordered and re- 
ceived a number of tracts on Secretism. 
I have disposed of them and know they 
will do lots of good. I already see some 
of the fruits. 

I knew a Lutheran minister who be- 

June. 1001. 



longed to a lodge, so I sent him a few 
copies of the Cynosure ; yesterday I 
met him and, in talking to him about 
lodges, he assured me he had no further 
use for them. Henrv Miller. 

The pastor of the Summerdale, 111., 
Congregational Church writes, under 
date of May 9, 1901 : ''We had a good 
prayer meeting last night and consider- 
ed the matter of the church and secret 

The folly of those who wish to take the 
members of the minor secret orders into 
the church, where they w^ould have ten- 
fold more power to break down th-e 
church's standard, is suggested by the 
following letter received at the Cynosure 
office : 

''I am a United Presbyterian minister 
in Iowa. Secret societies are simply 
ruining my work. Please send me some 
sample pamphlets, or tracts, or anything 
against secret societies. Or please men- 
tion some books that you know would 
be helpful to me.'' 

The friends of Rev. P. B. Williams can 
reach him directly by addressing him at 
Sidney, Ohio, Box 42. He w^ill be glad 
to receive invitations to lecture at any 
place in the Western States. 

Your attention is also called to the let- 
ter of Elder Inman in this number, w^ho 
will answer calls for lectures in Illinois. 

D. R. Kramer is doing good seed 
sowing in California. This Association 
is glad to help such workers to tracts for 
free distribution. Let our friends who 
cannot go, help supply those who can 
and will. The Free Tract Fund should 
receive a thousand dollars at once. 

Glenford, Ohio. 

In answer to your inquiry, will say I 
am not giving all my time to this work, 
only incidentally. As I am holding pro- 
tracted meetings, I set apart an evening 
'Or two entirely to your work. I also lec- 
ture on other occasions, as opportunity 

The following are some of the topics 
I have used : 

"Secretism a Detriment to the 

"The Social Side of Secretism." 

''The Lodge in Politiqal and Business 

I am now rearranging and working on 
a new course of lectures. 

(Eld.) Quincy Leckrone. 

Friends in Eastern Ohio and Western 
Pennsylvania needing some one to speak 
on this reform, will do well to address 
Eld. Leckrone. The Indiana State Con- 
vention commended him very highly for 
his services in that convention. 

Mr. Roy M. Hawkins is another tract 
worker that we hope will receive kind 
words and such encouragement as the 
Cynosure friends can give him, as he 
visits from town to town. Elgin, 111., has 
been recently visited by him. 

Three new Directors were elected by 
the National Christian Association, at 
its Annual Meeting. Mr. W. B. Rose, 
Assistant Publishing Agent of the Free 
Methodist ; Rev. Dr. Fifield, of the W^ar- 
ren Avenue Congregational Church, Chi- 
cago, and Mr. Fred D. Ewell, a pub- 
lisher and member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

Rev. W. E. Snider, of Floyd, Iowa, has 
taken advantage of our special offer to 
Sunday schools and ordered a club of ten 
for his scholars. The N. C. A. has made 
it possible for pastors and superintend- 
ents to do much this coming year to 
save men and women to the church. 

From circulars received from our old 
friend, M. N. Butler, of Topeka, Kan., 
wx learn that he is actively seeking to 
let in the light that makes for righteous- 
ness upon the public affairs of Kansas. 

Gwenn Dale, Indian Territory, 
April 18, 1901. 

I have just returned from the sunny 
South, West Central Texas — Coleman — 
where my daughter and myself have 
been holding gospel meetings for about 
live weeks, with considerable blessing, 
and have, amidst no little opposition, 
held forth a full gospel. This has been 
on lines of separation, and of course Sa- 
tan was wroth. 

^lasonry and Pythianism flourishes in 
the South amazingly, and the outlook 



June, 1901. 

for a pure gospel looks very dark in all 
that section, for nearly all the "pri:ests 
bear rule by their means, and my people 
love to have it so, and what will ye do in 
the end thereof?" I was opposed all 
along through the meetings by a Meth- 
odist minister, a Mason, and heaven 
only knows what else. But, praise the 
Lord, one of the preachers who has been 
in the thing but a little while, I believe 
will give it up. I have sent him Finney, 
and that ought to settle him. Yours in 
faith, J. E. Wolfe. 



Leesburg, Ga., April 23, 1901. 
Dear Brother Phillips: I have been in 
the South all winter, have held meetings 
in Macon, Ga., New Orleans, and here. 
I close here on the 26th, Friday of this 
week, and go to hold a big tent meeting 
at Fernandina, Fla. I find the Masons 
very strong here, and they are sapping 
the life out of the church. I am still fight- 
ing them wherever I go. 

(Rev.) J. D. Taylor. 

Roland, Iowa, May 8, 1901.' 
Can you give me any information 
about the "Modern Brotherhood of 
America," headquarters, Tipton, Iowa. 
I have many of my books about secret 
societies in constant circulation among 
the people. Secret societies are checked 
here. We have a lodge of Masons and 
one of Modern Woodmen, but they are 
not flourishing. In my large congrega- 
tion, consisting of over 200 families and 
about 1,100 souls, there is only one se- 
cret society man, and he belongs to Mod- 
ern Brotherhood ! The rest of the secret 
society people belonged mainly to an- 
other church here in town. Yours truly, 
G. Smedal, Lutheran Pastor. 

Josiah W. Leeds, West Chester, Pa., 
has just published, in a handsome twelve- 
page pamphlet with cover, the views of 
John Wiclif on the subject of war. The 
title of the pamphlet is ''Wiclif's Anti- 
War Views," and may be had by ad- 
dressing the author as above. 


Subscribe for the Christian Cynosure 
for your pastor and Sabbath school. 

Shortly before his death, the writer 
heard Mr. Moody say: "Chicago is the 
greatest theological center in the world." 
He did not declare that it had the most 
eminent and profound religious teachers,, 
but that there were more men and wom- 
en in Chicago preparing for the gospel 
ministry than in any other city. 

Here are located the theological semi- 
naries of all the principal evangehcal de- 
nominations, with Mr. Moody's Bible 
Institute, which claims to be interde- 
nominational ; the Deaconesses' Home,, 
founded by Mrs. Ryder Meyer, and sev- 
eral other schools giving religious in- 
struction to such as care to broaden their 
possibilities for usefulness. Several of 
these seminaries have German, Scandi- 
navian or other foreign departments, as 
well as English. 

Whatever may be said of the merits or 
demerits of these schools, it is conceded 
that the two thousand students who go 
out annually from this center, into new 
fields, are a powerful factor in shaping 
the religion and morals of the populace. 

What instruction, if any, do these stu- 
dents receive during their theological 
training to prepare them to confront the 
rapidly increasing secret society prob- 
lem, is a query that brings us face to face 
with the very nerve center of our sub- 

We recently visited these schools, as 
the agent of the National Christian As- 
sociation, with a view of learning their 
attitude toward secrecy, as well as sup- 
plying them with anti-secret literature 
and lecturers. A few of these seminaries 
show their students the evils and dan- 
gers of the lodge, its anti-Christian char- 
acter, and thus prepare them for an 
emergency which is sure sooner or later 
to overtake them. It is significant that 
none of these Seminaries directly 
and openly favor secrecy, while a 
portion of them antagonize the system. 
The Lutheran Seminary, in Lake View, 
over which the Rev. Dr. Weidner so ably 
presides, presents an impregnable 
Gibralter to the encroachments of the se- 
cret kingdom. By special request of 

June, 1901. 



students and faculty Pres. Blanchard ad- 
dressed them. Here are fifty young men 
who are to fill as many pulpits that will 
have no room for, or sympathy with, Pa- 
gan worship. 

Dr. Torrey and Mr. Newell, of the 
Moody Bible Institute, expect always to 
be loyal to the truth, and their interpre- 
tations of the word condemn the whole 
secret system. From this religious cen- 
ter go out three hundred witnesses to 
the utterances of Him who said "In se- 
cret have I said nothing." 

The prevailing sentiment at the Chi- 
cago Congregational Theological Semi- 
nary, though perhaps shghtly less pro- 
nounced, is opposition to the system of 
doing things in the dark. 

With a vast number of the Methodist 
clergy, including Bishops, yoked with un- 
believers, in idolatrous lodges, it were 
strange if the Methodist Seminary at 
Evanston could do more than remain si- 
lent. True, it has a Scandinavian de- 
partment that is opposed to secrecy, but 
is obliged in large measure to succumb to 
the prevailing sentiment. Nothing short 
of a religious cyclone will restore Meth- 
odism to the primitive principles of its 
great founder. 

The attitude of the McCormick Semi- 
nary (Presbyterian) seems to be that of 
non-committal conservatism. It is be- 
lieved that few, if any, of the faculty be- 
long to secret societies. One of the pro- 
fessors said, "Thus far it has not been 
made an issue with us, and we do not 
care to cross a bridge before we reach it. 
When the issue is thrust upon us we will 
settle the matter as the currency ques- 
tion has been settled." 

The Baptist Seminary in connection 
with. the Chicago University is evidently 
toying with this question. It does not 
propose jeopardizing prospective endow- 
ments by taking a very decided stand, 
either for or against secrecy. 

President Harper could not be seen, 
but deigned to refer the writer to a sub- 
ordinate official, who was too busy to 
give attention to the matter. The Semi- 
nary has a Scandinavian branch at Mor- 
gan Park, which is opposed to secrecy 
and expressed a desire to hear upon the 
subject, but it is altogether probable that 
the facultv will do little to o-ratifv their 

wishes. And thus the struggle between 
right and wrong goes on. 

There is an irrepressible conflict rag- 
ing between the religion of Jesus Christ 
and the leprous, made-to-order religions 
of the lodges. Churches and Seminaries 
may cry peace ! peace ! but there will be 
no peace along these lines until they are 
willing to assist in the work of barricad- 
ing the sheep from the devouring 

from #ur Hail. 


To my friends : God's old workers are 
expected to retire. I must obey God's 
orders. At Redondo Beach, many 
miles from our home, I have bought a 
lot, upon which I am to have my head- 
quarters, in working in God's order, in 
reaching the masses, as the crowds com.e 
and go. 

]\Iy time is short. The King's busi- 
ness requires haste. Rufus Smith. 

Spadra, Cal., May 14, 1901. 

Tarrytown, N. Y., April 8, 1901. 
I think your magazine has improved 
of late. (Mrs.) M. B. Nichols. 

Rodman, N. Y., April 23. 1901. 
The Cynosure has had some notable 
excellencies of late ; Masons may carp, 
but your earnest work has made its im- 
press. I deny all moral goodness to all 
forms of sworn secretism. The sooner 
all reach that conclusion the better. 
Yours respectfully. N. S. Smith. 

Monona, Clayton County. Iowa. 
]\Iay 10. 1901. 
Dear Cynosure : I would suppose that 
men who attempt to expose the Masonic 
order would explain its work in detail. 
To illustrate. I understood you, in 1896. 
to say that President ^NIcKinley belong- 
ed to seven secret societies. I also un- 
derstand that \lce President Roosevelt 
belongs to the ^Masons. If these two 
men are bound by oath to favor men 
that belono- to their orders, how can 


June, 1901. 

they serve the public properly. They 
evidently received many votes from men 
of their orders with the expectation of 
getting favors. I am surprised that the 
public submits to it without protest. Are 
men tied down by fear so that they dare 
not protest ? If reports are true, we have 
a sort of underground enemy that will 
soon be troublesome to control. 

R. M. Fonda.' 

Hortonville, Wis., April lo, 1901. 
William 1. Phillips, Secretary, Honored 

Servant of God and Brother in the 

Kingdom of Patience and of our Lord 

Jesus Christ : 

One of my early recollections is that 
when Captain Wm. Morgan was mur- 
dered I swore eternal hatred to Freema- 
sonry for good reasons, as it seemed to 
me. I have never seen any reason to 
change my mind. Upon more thorough 
investigation, I see more and still more 
iniquity in the institution, while I cannot 
see a redeeming feature. 

And while I abhor their silly ceremo- 
nies and barbarous oaths. I never con- 
sidered their oaths binding, for the rea- 
son that they have no authority to ad- 
minister an oath. Our civil laws never 
gave them any, and I am sure God never 
did. Still, to my mind these are but tri- 
fles in comparison with the way they 
treat our dear, blessed Lord, the Man of 
Calvary, the Bleeding Victim, the 
world's only hope. This is to me terri- 
ble. And how a lover of Jesus can toler- 
ate such a thing is beyond my power to 

And then, when secret temperance so- 
cieties came along we were led by the 
Holy Spirit to see that we could do more 
outside of their lodge than in it. My 
husband and myself were both strong on 
the temperance question, and anxious to 
do all in our power to promote its inter- 
ests, yet we have stood aloof from all the 
secret societies, and feel that God has 
blessed us in so doing. We have done 
v/hat we could to expose the fallacy of 
secrecy in all its bearings. We often 
talked together of the baneful influence 
it was exerting in the church and every- 
where it could crowd in. 

And now while I write my poor heart 
is pained beyond the power of language 
to express, and such also was the feeling 

of my dear departed husband. If only 
the friends of the anti-secret cause would 
let it be known that they were its friends ! 
But in some way they seem to be afraid; 
while on the other hand those in favor of 
the lodge are ever telling of its good 
qualities. And yet I am encouraged, be- 
cause God and truth are for us, and tliat 
is more than all that can be against us. 
And as American slavery tottered and 
fell, so must secretism. Amen ! The 
Lord in mercy hasten the day ! 

]\Irs. E. Grifftn. 



If only I could know, dear Lord, 

(The Spirit teaching me), 
That ev'ry act, and thought, and word 

Were pleasing, most, to Thee, 

"T would be the very sum of bliss, 

Whate'er the sorrows are, 
The purest, loftiest, happiness. 

Which angels cannot share. 

Snice Thou hast ever loved me so, 

And giv'n Thyself for me, 
'T vv'ere vain to think of earthly woe. 

Since I can live with Thee. 

Thou'st said — 'T in thee — thou in Me.''' 
O, wond'rous, matchless love! 

Then dwell with Thee eternally, 
In Thy "^lansion" above. 

.O, Thou art "Drawing^' me away 

From til' earthly "Evening Home," 

To the fair realms of. endless day, 
AMiere saints and angels roam. • 

The greatest danger of the Christian 
to-day lies in the pathway of doing things 
that seem to have no harm, but which 
are caught up by the criticiser and imi- 
tator outside the fold and used to cover 
the more flagrant act. A true follower 
of Christ cannot afford to stand in any 
compromising position. We are com- 
manded to put on the whole armor of 
God, and no weak place should be al- 
lowed in that armor. 
"Eliza Trask Hill. 

June, 1901. 



ieni0payer0 mh Beform. 

What a travesty of religion are all the 
pious pretensions of the lodge system. 
—Evangelical Visitor, May, 1901. 

Vice President Roosevelt is now a 
Master Mason, having recently taken the 
third degree in Matinecock Lodge at 
Oyster Bay, Long Island. Such a step 
may increase the popularity of this liigh 
official in certain circles, but it will not 
add to his manhood or his usefulness ; 
nor will it better his standing in the eyes 
of those who have carefully studied the 
character of Freemasonry in the light 
of God's Word. It is humiliating to 
think of our country's second highest of- 
ficial going through the degrading ini- 
tiatory rites of this order and swearing 
to its criminal oaths. 
—Reformed Presbytt-rian Standard, May 15, 1901. 


It is often said in apology for secret 
orders that if the church would do her 
duty there would be no occasion for se- 
cret orders. Now, we have this to say, 
either that statement is not true, or the 
public boasting of Freemasonry is decep- 
tive and false. They boast of an ancient 
origin, even back to the days of Solo- 
mon. There were no churches then. 
They should either quit cursing the 
church or else confess that they have lied 
about Solomon being a Freemason. 
Freemasonry is the mother of secret or- 
ders, as much as the Roman Catholic 
church is '*the mother of harlots." How 
can the iniquity of such an institution be 
justified for the reward they get out of 
it? Let some preacher who is a mem- 
ber dare to answer. 

"But above all things, my brethren, 
swear not, neither by heaven, nor by 
earth, neither by any other oath." (James 
5 : 12.) I have read the oaths that many 
of our brethren have made in order that 
they might bow to the mystic shrine. 
The oaths are simply terrible, terrible, 
terrible. (Deut. 5: 11; I\Iatt. 5: 33-37.) 
It is enough to make one wonder that 
the Lord does not strike them dead. 

while they bind themselves under a pen- 
alty more cruel than ''death without mer- 
cy,'' and more barbarous than cannibal- 
ism, with an oath more blasphemous 
than any common profanity, to keep the 
secret. Oh, Lord^ deliver us from the 
powers of darkness ! Are they disciples ? 
Are they humble and obedient follow- 
ers of Jesus Christ? Do they honor him?' 
Are 'they keeping the faith? Do they 
pray to be kept back from presumptuous 
sins ? Do they tremble at God's word ? 
or do "they feed themselves without 
fear?" (Jude 12.) "But above all things, 
m.y brethren, swear not, neither by heav- 
en, neither by the earth, nor by any oth- 
er oath." 

And yet they tell us that these institu- 
tions of darkness "do not interfere with 
any one's religion !" What kind of re- 
ligion is it that blasphemy will not inter- 
fere with? W^hat kind of religion is it 
that a positive transgression of God's 
holy law will not interfere with ? Is it the 
Christian religion, or is it Pagan? Is 
this not a worthy consideration ? 
— Octographic Review, April 9, 1901. 


Almost everything in these days is run 
by combinations and secret organiza- 
tions. Everybody must "belong" to 
something, and some people belong to a 
good many things which are of no great 
advantage to them. 

Among the numberless swindles of our 
time may be mentioned a lot of mush- 
room secret benefit and life-insurance so- 
cieties, which have sprung up like Jo- 
nah's gourd, promising simple people 
ten dollars for one, more or less, and 
swindling all who put money into them 
except a few hung-ry scoundrels who 
manage them. Some of these gentlemen 
have from time to time found an oppor- 
tunity of viewing the world through iron 
window-sashes, thus serving as a useful 
object-lesson to many others who are in- 
clined to take advantage of the simplicit\ 
of unwary souls. 

These swindling institutions often 
have a religious element, a "ritual," a 
"chaplain,'' and a regalia, and any num- 
ber of officers with pompous port and 
high-sounding titles. 



June, 1901. 

A gentleman once came into the Scrip- 
tural Tract Repository, and laid down 
the prospectus of a certain secret organi- 
zation. The writer looked it over, and 
when the gentleman returned to inquire 
about an endorsement of the scheme he 
was catechised somewhat on this wise : 

"How many Supreme Beings are 

"Why, one, of course." 

"But, on this paper, I find the names 
of nine supreme beings, supreme pa- 
triarchs, supreme treasurers, supreme 
chaplains, etc., etc." 

Nine suprem>e beings in one secret so- 
ciety ! The subject was dropped, and the 
next circular did not have a single "su- 
preme being" in it ! 

A while ago it was stated that the "su- 
preme chaplain" of the "Golden Lion" — 
a church member who had been a gro- 
cer's clerk, working at $15 per week — 
received $7,500 a year salary for his ser- 
vice as "chaplain." His duties were to 
offer prayer at the annual meeting of the 
order ! In fact, it was stated that he only 
prayed once in two years; but his prayer 
was so effectual that he got $15,000 for 
reciting it. This "Golden Lion" we pre- 
sume was something like the "roaring 
lion" that we read about, w^ho "walketh 
about, seeking whom he may devour :" 
and this money was doubtless filched 
from poor hard-working men and wom- 
en, who, not content with one dollar 
which they had earned, wanted two or 
three dollars that they had not earned, so 
put their money in to find themselves 
swindled out of it by these "supreme" 

Doubtless these people thought that 
the religion of Jesus Christ was too ex- 
pensive for them, and chose an associa- 
tion which had a mild flavor of religion 
derived from an elaborate ritual and a 
chaplain of such extreme piety that he 
could read or recite fifteen-thousand-dol- 
lar prayers. No wonder they could not 
af¥ord them often. They were too ex- 
pensive for ordmary use. But it is said 
that this chaplain, after investing his 
funds in real estate, when taxed with the 
villainy of his course, unctiously quoted 
Scripture which declares that if a man 
does not provide for his own house he 

has "denied the faith and is worse than 
an infidel," and said he was providing for 
his own house. 

There are three organizations wdiich 
have Divine sanction : the family, the civ- 
il government, and the Church of the liv- 
ing God. The inventions of men are 
endless and. often useless. Christians will 
do well to keep to the simplicity of the 
gospel, and avoid those who, with great 
swelhng words of vanity, beguile the un- 
wary, and allure men into ways which do 
not profit. — The Christian, Boston, 


Miss Lockliart is very artistic and original 
and tliis design was made at Christmas time. 
Tiie motive is the 11 o'clock toast to absent 
brothers and is worked out in purple and 
white, the colors of the order. *A dancing 
girl is gracefully poised on one foot, pointing 
to 11 o'clock with the toe of one foot, and in 
her hand she holds a glass of wine. A mem- 
ber of the firm saw the design and pro- 
nounced it a great hit. 

To the jolly Elk, bubbling over with 
good humor, the 11 o'clock indicator 
would not make him at that /hour wash 
to retire from, a scene so savory of Bac- 
chus' bliss and Venus' kisses, but there 
are those of a more prosaic type, who, 
absorbing the vision of the pretty danc- 
ing girl, would bless the blinking night 
stars that it was not an hour later. 
— Dairoit Tribune. 


Lansing, Mich., May 7. — The general 
pastoral conference of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Synod of Michigan and adjoin- 
ing States is in session in this city with 
sixty delegates present, forty of this 
number being from this State. Practi- 
cally the entire day was devoted to the 
reading of a paper on ''Secret Lodges" 
by the Rev. E. Wenk, of Waterloo, in 
which the great number and strength of 
secret societies was greatly deplored. 
Masonry was declared to be the mother 
and type of all secret societies. 
—Grand Rapids Herald. 

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The Pan=American Exposition. 

Its Object. 

If the people of the republic^ and 
countries of Central and South America 
fully realized to how great an extent 
misinformation with regard to their sev- 
eral countries exists in the United States 
and Canada, the Pan-Amxrican Exposi- 
tion would be taxed beyond its limit to 
provide space for the exhibits that would 
come from those countries to enlighten 
the people of the United States and Can- 
ada concerning their neighbors to the 

The ideal had in view by those who 
planned the Pan-American Exposition, 
is the formation of a great international 
information clearing house upon these 

It is, for example, relatively speaking, 
but a few years since the United States 
were shipping flour to the Argentine Re- 
public and to Uruguay. To-day, as a re- 
sult of the immigration that has poured 
into those republics, but principally into 
the first country, and as a result of the 
application of North American farm ma- 
chinery to the great alluvial basin of the 
River Plate, the Argentine Republic 
alone exports to Europe thirty-five mil- 
lion bushels of wheat and half that 
amount of maize each year. Not con- 
tent with having thus become the com- 
petitor of the United States and Canada 
in the Old World in the exportation of 

breadstuffs, the same republic has also 
become their competitor — and a strong 
and growing one, too — in the exporta- 
tion of meat products. Few have any 
idea of the growth of this industry in the 
River Plate republics. Thirty years ago 
Great Britain imported less than three 
hundred thousand pieces of frozen mut- 
ton. To-day there are killed, frozen and 
exported to Europe each day, from the 
province of Buenos Ayres alone, 13,000 
carcasses of as good mutton as the world 
can produce. 

Remarkable facts concerning other 
South and Central American countries 
might be cited. 

Millions of acres of tillable land, in an 
excellent climate, with every facility ex- 
cept immediate transportation, await 
those who will seriously look for it in 
South and Central America; and it was 
the earnest wish and purpose of those 
who formulated and planned the Pan- 
American Exposition that in all the 
above fields they might, through the Ex- 
position, do something tangible toward 
bringing to all a better knowledge than 
now exists concerning the countries of 
the Western Hemisphere, and that there 
might result from the Exposition some- 
thing of value in the direction of a wider 
dissemination of that practical knowl- 
edge of our surroundings and of our fu- 
ture industrial outlook so much desired 
by all of us. 





Reforms and Reformers ". James E. Phillips 65 

Sacrifices Involved in Reform 66 

Another National Crisis. ... Prof. Elliott Whipple. 68 

The Bible vs. the Lodge Rev. Amos Dresser . 71 

Thoughts on Freemasonry 73 

Reminiscences Rev. H. H.'Hinman 74 

Portrait — William Hoverstock and Wi fe 76 

A Loving Tribute Rev. P. B. Williams 76 

Too Much Joining 77 

Make-a-Living-on-Their-Wits ... . 77 

Experiences a " Dickey" Initiation .....'. 78 

Too Much Electricity Used 78 

Making Hay by Gas Light .' 79 

Nearly Hit Oddfellow '. 80 

Feared the Woodmen 80 

Denominational Testimonies: 

Reformed Presbyterian 80 

Mennonites 81 

United Presbyterian 83 

Free Methodist 84 

Wesleyan Methodist 85 

Christian Reformed Church 85 


Ballington Booth 87 

Grand Lodge, State of Washington, Anti-Negro 87 

United Presbyterian General Assembly 88 

Captain Henry Howgate 88 

K. T. Negroes Shut Out n 88 

News of Our Work: 

Michigan State Convention ^'9 

Y. M. C. A. Jubilee ; Rev. James P. Stoddard 91 

On Potomac Steamboat Sec'y W. B. Stoddard . . 92 

M. W. of A. Convention Rev. William Fenton. . 93 

Wheaton Christian Conference 95 

'Jesas answered him,— I spake openly to the world; aud m secret have-1 said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 



221 West Madison St., Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice, CMcago, 111., as second 
class matter. 


Independence Day Considerations for Young 


Reformation stimulates civilization. It 
is the reforming of the moral and political 
standards of a people that has lifted men 
from a state of barbarism and made a 
government like ours 
possible. The people 
who have not heard 
the voice of the re- 
former, or having 
heard it, have not 
given heed, suffer 
great loss. Reform- 
ers are the pivots 
upon which the desti- 
nies of nations turn. 
An army, if allowed 
to march as it pleases, 
falls into disorder. -'Its 
line becomes irregu- 
lar. In this condition 
it is in no position to meet the foe, and 
may easily be vanquished and destroyed. 
So it is with men. It is the natural ten- 
dency of men to fall below the standard 
of righteousness of the age in which they 
move, and to live on a little lower plain 

of morality than that which they know 
is right. Then it is the reformers — the 
generals, colonels, captains and lieuten- 
ants^ — vv'ho call the men forward into line, 
and lead them to dress ranks and go tor- 
ward to victory. 

The best thing in the w^orld is a good 
man, the greatest thing in the world is a 
great good nfan. Wealth does not make 
a man ; reputation or position mav not 
indicate what he is ; nor can what he 
preaches be a sure index of his charac- 
ter. The man who is 'pure, who consid- 
ers a godly character the greatest treas- 
ure, who hates falsehood and wrong, who 
purposing to accomplish something de- 
terminedly pushes on, overcoming all 
obstacles, and whose failures make him 
yet more determined to have the victory, 
who is self-forgetful, who is not seeking 
by his good deeds the praise and honor 
that men bestow, and the man who, above 
all, believes in God as the source of rJl 
power and the One to whom he must 
look for strength and guidance to win 
the victory, — such a man must be the true 
reformer whether religious, political or 

There never was a time when reforms 
and reformers were more needed. In 
these later days, when the supreme con- 
flict of light with darkness, of righteous- 
ness with unrighteousness, of God wiih 
satan, draws nigh, the forces of evil are 
especially active, knowing that the deatii 
struggle is almost here. We can discern 
this in the alarming worldliness of the 
Christian churches, in the great labor ag- 
itations, in the bloody and ungodly wars 
waged by so-called Christians nations in 
their blind rush for gold. 

Shall these evils go unchecked ? No. 
Refoitners have arisen, and reformers 
must yet arise, whose hearts shall bleed 
for the oppressed, whose words shall 



July, 1901. 

burn with their message of hope and 
comfort, and who shall be inspired for 
their work by the Lord. These reform- 
ers are the agents of reconciliation and 
the forerunners of a higher hfe for men. 

The life of a reformer is by no means 
an easy one, and he who is called must 
be prepared to suffer anything, even 
death. Noah, while building the ark be- 
came the laughing stock of all men, — 
one of the hardest trials to endure. Moses, 
the meekest of men, had the heaviest bur- 
dens to bear because of the rebelhon of 
those whom he sought to benefit. Many 
of the prophets suffered martyrdom. So- 
crates, the great Greek reformer, drank 
his cup of hemlock as a martyr to truth. 
The early disciples of Christ were hunted 
and persecuted and suffered the loss of 
property, reputation and life. And in our 
own country William Lloyd Garrison 
was dragged through the streets of Bos- 
ton, John Brown was hung, and Lovejoy 
was murdered. From the days of Nero 
to that of the Boxers, fidelity to the right 
standard has been paid for with blood. 

What would the world be to-day if re- 
formers had not lived and suffered ? What 
would have been the condition of the 
world if the Noahs had feared the jests 
of men more than they regarded the 
commands of God? The fiood would 
have destroyed the race. If there had 
been no Moses to intercede for the re- 
bellious Israelites they would have per- 
ished, and the Savior would never have 
come to the world. If the prophets had 
been false to their trusts the world would 
have been swallowed up in sin with no 
chance for redemption. If the disciples 
of Christ had been recreant to duty the 
Gospel would neither have spread 
throughout the world nor would the New 
Testament have been written as the guide-- 
book for Christians. If there had been 
no Socrates the world would not have 
been made better by his discourses, and 
there would have been no Plato whose 
influence has swayed so vastly and still 
sways the world's thought. In fact, the 
deaths of martyrs for true principles have 
signalized their final victory, for "truth 
crushed to earth will rise again." If this 
were not true, the suffering, persecution 
and death of our abolition martyrs would, 
notwithstanding, have left our fair land 
still cursed with human slavery. 

Do you desire the best character, do 
you wish to exert the strongest influence 
upon your contemporaries, do you wish 
to render the most eflicient service pos- 
sible to your country? Then heed the 
words of Whittier, and ally yourselves 
with some needed, though unpopular re- 
form. The world honors the man who 
boldly faces the evils of his time, and 
seeks to remove them. The honor may 
come late, for the ''cranks of one genera- 
tion are the saints of the next." 

"Be strong! 
We are not here to play, to dream, to 

We have hard work to do, and loads to 

Shun not the struggle — face it ; 'tis God's 


"Be strong! 
Say not the days are evil. Who's to^ 

blame ? 
And fold the hand, and acquiesce, oh,. 

shame ! 
Stand up, speak out, and bravely, in God's 


"Be strong! 
It matters not how deep intrenched the 

How hard the battle goes, the day how 

long : 
Faint not — fight on ! To-morrow comes 

the song." 


Reform is now in the air, and bids fair 
to assume before long a very practical 
shape. Society needs continually to be 
reforming itself, re-aligning itself, re-con- 
stituting itself. The forces of evil are so^ 
boldly aggressive and so adroit in their 
])lanning as to render it necessary for the 
friends of righteousness to match move 
with counter-move, and, as occasion 
arises, swiftly to transfer supports to any- 
portion of the line of moral defense that 
may at a given time be threatened. There 
is, of course, a sense in which a moral 
reform that is worthy of the name must 
measure up to the standard of spiritual 
regeneration, but while the latter con- 
summation is the higher goal, there are 
yet many battles simply for outward de- 

July. 1901. 



cency and enforcement of the ordinary 
laws^ of social propriety that must be 
fought on the way, as in New York at 
this present moment. In other words, 
while we may be seeking to evangelize, 
we must not neglect to police the city. 

Reform Does Cost. 

There are many individuals, however, 
at heart the true friends of virtue, who 
do not realize the full sacrificial signifi- 
cance of a reform movement that is to 
amount to anything, who fail to sit down 
first, before crying for reform, and count 
the cost. Reform does cost. It is no 
easy task to deal with evil men of at 
least equal brain powder with their oppo- 
nents, wdio are themselves so set on ob- 
taining the bad things condemned by 
good citizens, that they will make almost 
any sacrifice to win these illicit pleasures, 
and who, perhaps, entrenched in the false 
traditions of years of unmolested rule, 
maintain the tightest kind of a grip on 
the machinery and artillery of office. To 
assail such malignant and snugly en- 
trenched foes is a good deal like crossing 
the Colenso or charging up Spion Kop. 
The thing may be done, if not by a Buller 
by some other one, or a way may be 
found around Spion Kop, ultimately ne- 
cessitating its evacuation, but in any case 
many must struggle and suffer and some 
will fall. Society can only be redeemed 
by sacrifice. 

The Coat in Time. 

Reform work demands very evidently 
the sacrifice of time. Very few things 
that are good can in this world be done 
in a hurry. Especially is any campaign 
against evil likely to prove long and 
wearying. Plans must therefore be laid 
for days, not hours, or for weeks, not 
days. Somebody must lay those plans, 
and others must execute them, and many 
of the details of the plans cannot be at- 
tended to by a few hired secretaries or 
clerks, but must be executed by the peo:^ 
pie as a committee of the whole. All 
this will take time, and without the gen- 
erous, even lavish expenditure of time 
on the part of many, no reform move- 
ment will prove other than a flash in the 

The Sinews of War. 

Reform work demands money. Its 
cost is to be reckoned in shekels as well 
as in committee meetings and interviews 

and affidavits and ballotings. In these 
days of ramified organization, machinery 
must be moved by machinery, and when 
machinery is run at all, somebody must 
foot the bill. If a reform movement is 
to prove effective, the sinews of moral 
war must be supplied from some source, 
not for purposes of corruption, for a good 
cause never bribes its way along, but in 
order to meet various legitimate staff 
expenses incidental to moving a small 
army of citizen volunteers into moral ac- 

The Personal Coat. 

Reform work involves also the sacrifice 
of personality. Personality must be laid, 
as the most precious gift of all, on the 
altar of civic duty. Work for humanity 
is done in the last analysis, not by ma- 
chines but by men. There is a fable of 
a Chinese potter who made one unsuc- 
cessful attempt after another to produce a 
perfect vase, until at last in his despair 
he threw himself into the flames, where- 
upon there resulted the most exquisite 
porcelain vase ever seen. It is when the 
personal ego is consecrated to the cause 
of religion and reform, when the man 
gives himself with his gift, when the 
man does it himself, that the noblest re- 
sults are achieved in society and State. 

For of this we may be sure, that no 
triumph can anywhere be lastingly se- 
cured for reform, where good men of all 
types and connections do not evince a 
hearty willingness to sacrifice time, 
money, personal effort and pet opinions 
on the altar of a common civic devotion. 
— N. Y. Observer. 


We have all seen fields carefully irri- 
gated with artificial rills of water supplied 
perpetually from a neighboring stream. 
Such fields are always green aud luxuri- 
ant, and able, in the midst of a parched 
land, to turn a contented face toward the 
relentless, scorching sun. Thus they 
may remind us of souls in living union 
with Christ, who "shall never die," be- 
cause they are in constant communication 
with the Source of Life, and who know 
that "because He lives they shall live 
also," in eternal fruitfulness, joy, and 
—Biblical Treasury. 



July, 1901. 




True patriotism as an uplifting force in 
the human soul is inferior only to true 
altruism. It takes a man's thoughts 
away from himself, and the petty inter- 
ests of his family, tribe, sect, society, or 
party and leads him to plan and labor 
for the welfare of all who belong to the 
same nation. 

No sooner is one great problem solved 
than we are forced to meet others per- 
haps even more important and more dif- 


Forty-four years ago the Supreme 
Court of the United States decided that 
a negro slave had no rights under the 
Constitution, thus making it legal for a 
slaveholder to take his human property 
into any State or Territory of the United 
States and continue to hold it as proper- 
ty ; for a decision of the Supreme Court 
until reversed or until the Constitution 
is changed, is the supreme law of the 
land. Before a single decade had passed, 
slavery had been abolished and the for- 
mer slaves were legally endowed with all 
the civil and political rights that white 
men enjoy. 

Now we have reached another great 
crisis in our national history. 

For more than a hundred years we 
have been annexing new territory, and 
the courts have always held that the sa- 
cred guarantees of civil liberty contain- 
ed in the Constitution applied to every 
inch of land acquired, and the Supreme 
Court itself, in 1820, when the great 
John Marshall was Chief Justice, in pass- 
ing upon the meaning of the term, the 
"United States," said: ''Certainly this 
question can admit of but one answer. 
It is the name given to our great repub- ■ 
lie, which is composed of States and Ter- 

The District of Columbia, or the terri- 
tory west of the Missouri is not less with- 
in the United States than Maryland or 
Pennsylvania, and it is not less neces- 
sary, on the principles of our Constitu- 
tion, that uniformity in the imposition of 
imposts, duty and excises should be ob- 
served in the one than in the other." This 
ruling continued to be the supreme law 
pf the land until last Monday," when the 
Supreme Court, having before it this 
very same question of uniformity of du- 
ties, decided that territory might be an- 
nexed and held permanently as a de- 
pendency to be governed by such laws 
as Congress may see fit to enact, and 
that in framing and enforcing such laws 
Congress need not be hampered by the 
restrictions of the Constitution. 

This is probably the most important 
case ever brought before the Supreme 
Court, for this decision means imperial- 
ism, it means that, if we have the power 
and the disposition, we may annex Mex- 
ico, Central America, South America, 
and countries beyond the seas, and hold 
and govern them at the arbitrary will of 
Congress. It means that their people 
and even our own citizens resident in 
those countries, may be deprived of the 
right of trial by jury, may be impris- 
oned indefinitely without any trial at all, 
and may be deprived of life, liberty and 
property without due process of law, that 
freedom of worship may be denied to 
them, that 'free speech and freedom of 
the press may be taken away, that stand- 
ing armies may be maintained therein, 
that unequal and unjust taxes may be 
imposed, or that the whole government 
of such territory may, by act of Congress, 

July, 1901. 



be turned over to the President, as has 
actually been done already in the case 
of the Philippine Islands. 

The infamous Dred Scott decision 
shocked the moral sense of the nation 
and was a large factor in creating a pub- 
lic sentiment that led to the immediate 
abolition of slavery, but the decision of 
last Monday has not had any such ef- 
fect ; indeed, it has long been' anticipated 
and desired by a large majority of our 
people, and is but the result and expres- 
sion of the national feeling. 

Our easy victory over helpless Spain, 
77,000,000 against 17,000,000, has turned 
our heads. Our moral sense has been 
misled by talk of benevolent assimila- 
tion, our vanity inflamed by thoughts of 
''manifest destiny" and "taking our place 
as a world power," while underneath all 
these has been the strong impelling de- 
sire to enrich ourselves by exploiting the 
resources of the new regions. 

Present, conditions remind us of what 
happened to Athens after she had re- 
pulsed the hosts of Persia. The head- 
ship of the Ionian states fell naturally to 
her, she turned them into dependencies, 
grew rich and embellished herself at their 
expense, political corruption followed, 
demagogues misled her people with mad 
visions of an extended empire, the fatal 
Sicilian expedition swallowed up her 
army and her resources, and loss of lib- 
erty at home was the inevitable result. 

In the most prosperous period of the 
Roman Republic, the Senate of Rome, 
unhampered by any constitutional re- 
strictions, gave laws to the civilized 
world. In Cicero's oration against 
Verres, we get a vivid and frightful pic- 
ture of the oppressions practiced upon 
the helpless inhabitants of the depend- 

Imperialistic control of subject peo- 
ples bred such intolerable political cor^ 
ruption in Rome itself that men sought 
safety by the establishment of an em- 
pire on the ruins of the republic. 

For the past hundred years Great 
Britain has exhibited the most success- 
ful example of the government of in- 
ferior races that the world has ever seen, 
the guarantees of civil liberty contained 
in her constitution have secured civil 
rights and equality before the law to all 
who lived under the British flag, and up 

to 1887 the general purpose of British 
statesmen was to train their subject na- 
tions for ultimate self-government, as 
exemplified in Canada, Australia, and 
New Zealand, but with the passing of 
Gladstone from power has come a 
change of policy. 

The results of the Boer war, which it is 
safe to say would never have occurred 
under Gladstone's administration, are so 
disastrous as to render the future of 
Great Britain very doubtful. It may be 
that Cecil Rhodes' dream of an African 
empire may prove as fatal to England as 
the attempt of Alcibiades to establish an 
Athenian empire in Sicily did to Athens. 

When the almost inevitable struggle 
between the lion and the bear for the 
empire of India takes place, England 
will sorely miss the legions slain, and 
the money squandered on the plains of 
South Africa. 

Our future, what is it to be? Some 
confusion has arisen as to the signifi- 
cance of last Monday's decision of the 
Supreme Court, and this is not surpris- 
ing since the arguments and conclusions 
of the majority of the court are contra- 
dictory to one another as well as to all 
previous decisions and the plain mean- 
ing of the Constitution. 

The learned judges decided that du- 
ties levied on imports from Porto Rico 
between the date of the ratification of 
the treaty with Spain and the passage 
of the Foraker act were illegal and must 
be refunded because Porto Rico had 
ceased to be "foreign. country," and then 
the same judges decided that duties col- 
lected since the Foraker act are legal, 
because Porto Rico is not a part of the 
''United States," within which the Con- 
stitution says that all duties must be uni- 

Judge Brown, who rendered the de- 
cision for the majority, says, "Even if 
regarded as aliens, they" (the people of 
the annexed islands) "are entitled under 
the principles of the Constitution to be 
protected in life, liberty and property." 
These are almost the very words used 
by Chief Justice Marshall and sound 
well, but in the next paragraph Judge 
Brown goes on to say, "Large powers 
must necessarily be intrusted to Con- 
gress in dealing with these problems, 
and we are bound to assume that thev 


July, 1901. 

will be judiciously exercised. That these 
powers may be abused is possible. But 
the same may be said of its powers under 
the Constitution, as well as outside of 

Further on he says, "If it be once con- 
ceded that we are at liberty to acquire 
foreign territory, a presumption arises 
that our power with respect to such ter- 
ritories is the same power which other 
nations have been accustomed to exer- 
cise with respect to territory acquired 
by them." 

The power that Russia exercises in 
Finland to-day, for instance. 

He concludes that, "The logical infer- 
ence is that, if Congress had power to 
acquire new territory, that power was 
not hampered by constitutional provis- 
ions," and that there may be no doubt 
about his meaning he adds, "If those 
possessions are inhabited by alien races, 
differing from us in religion, customs, 
laws, methods of taxation, and modes 
of thought, the administration of gov- 
ernment and justice, according to An- 
glo-Saxon principles, may for a time be 
impossible; and the question at once 
arises whether large concessions ought 
not to be made for a time, that ultimate- 
ly our own theories may be carried out 
and the blessings of a free government 
under the Constitution extended to 
them. We decline to hold that there is 
anything in the Constitution to forbid 
such action." 

The only question before the court 
were concerning taxation, but evidently 
Judge Brown's line of thought implies 
that Congress may govern our new de- 
pendencies without being hampered by 
those provisions of the Constitution 
which secure the "administration of gov- 
ernment and justice according to Anglo- 
Saxon principles." 

What is the animus of this movement 
to reverse a judicial and political policy 
that has been consistently followed for a 
hundred years? 

It is not a fear that otherwise we 
should be compelled to allow unfit peo- 
ple to exercise the right of suffrage in 
our new dependencies. The question of 
political right is entirely separate from 
that of civil rights. Women are citizens 
and possess all the civil rights under the 
Constitution that men do, and vet in 

most of the States they have no political 

The only clause in the Constitution af- 
fecting political rights in the Territories 
is the provision that the right of suffrage 
shall not be denied on account of race, 
color, or previous condition of servitude. 

Outside of this restriction Congress 
can prescribe whatever conditions of 
voting it sees fit. It may establish a 
property qualification or an educational 
requirement, as, for instance, that none 
may vote who cannot speak and read the' 
English language. Indeed, the Consti- 
tution does not require that the people 
of the territories shall be allowed to have 
any share in the government at all, and 
as a matter of fact the people of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia can not vote now, even 
for local oiHcials, but have to pay taxes 
levied by the authority of Congress to 
help defray the local expenses of the city 
of Washington. 

There are plenty of ways to prevent 
unfit men from voting in the territories 
without depriving them of Constitution- 
al protection for their civil rights, which 
they have always enjoyed in this country 
up to last Monday. 

The real reason for this new depar- 
ture is two-fold. 1st. Powerful interests 
like those engaged in the production of 
sugar and tobacco desire to avoid the 
competition of the surpassingly produc- 
tive fields of our new acquisitions against 
which the Constitution as it was up to 
last Monday forbade the laying of pro- 
tive tariff duties. 

2d. The administration made the 
blunder of agreeing in the treaty with 
Spain that Spanish products should be 
admitted to the Philippines for ten years 
on the same terms as our own, and "fa- 
vored nation clauses" in our treaties with 
other nations probably compel us to ad- 
mit their products to our ports on the 
same terms as those granted to Spain. 
So it appears that if we could not make 
a separate tariff for the Philippines, there 
would be nothing to prevent Spain and 
perhaps many other nations from send- 
ing their products first to Manilla and 
then reshipping them to this country, 
thus entirely destroying our tariff sys- 

Perhaps there was also the idea that 
the labor vote would be alienated from 

July, 1901. 


the Republican party by fear of the com- 
petition of cheap Filipino labor. 

These real or supposed difficulties led 
to the attempt to :evade the restrictions 
imposed by the Constitution as to uni- 
formity of duties, and the success of this 
movement will apparently carry with it 
the removal of all Constitutional guar- 
antees of civil liberty in our new de- 
pendencies, except so far as Congress 
may voluntarily renew them by statutory 

Our people, especially those who are 
hkely to represent us in the new pos- 
sessions, are strongly inclined to call the 
dark-skinned races ''niggers," and to 
treat them as inferiors. 

It goes against the grain to have 
them possess equal right before the 
courts. It vastly simplifies the processes 
of proconsular government not to be 
hampered by any liability to habeas cor- 
pus proceedings. There will be a strong 
influence against having Congress ex- 
tend the constitutional guarantees, and 
it is not likely to be done unless a very 
strong public sentiment demands it. Con- 
gress will yield to public opinion if it is 
strong and strongly voiced. 

The exclusions of polygamist Roberts 
from Congress and the passage of the 
anti-canteen act are evidences of this. 

There is no good reason at all why the 
civil rights provisions of the Constitu- 
tion, other than those pertaining to tax- 
ation, should not be extended to all an- 
nexed territory, and it is a civic duty that 
every patriot should begin and keep up 
an agitation of this question until the 
grand old guarantees of civil liberty 
bought by our ancestors with much 
sacrifice of blood and treasure on either 
side of the Atlantic shall be secured to 
every human being over whom floats our 
country's banner. 

VVheaton College, May 30, 1901. > 



The following lines are said to have 
been found in Lord Byron's Bible : 
■" Within this awful volume lies 
The mystery of mysteries ; 
O, happiest they of human race 
To whom our God has given grace 
To hear, to read, to fear, to pray. 
To lift the latch and force the way ! 
But better had they ne'er been born 
Who read to doubt, or read to scorn." 

Dear Brother Phillips : — 

In complying with your request for my 
testimony as to "the effect of lodges on 
spiritual life," I reply that I have found 
it very sad. How can it be otherwise? 
Light is essential to healthy life. Life as 
well as growth, in darkness, is always ab- 
normal and sickly. 

The lodge does not provide the Bread 
of Life for the hungry soul. A compari- 
son of the ritual of the lodge with the 
Christian's ritual shows them to be dia- 
metrically and fundamentally antagonis- 
tic. The so-called "benefits" of the 
lodge have to be paid for in advance. 
They cease if the "dues" are unpaid. The 
blessings of the Gospel are free to all, 
especially to the destitute and helpless, 
"the poor and the needy.'' The invita- 
tion is, "Ho, everyone that thirsteth. 
come ye to the waters, and he that hath 
no money ; come ye, buy, and eat ; yea, 
come, quench your thirst with wine and 
milk, without money and without price. 
Why do you spend money for that which 
is not bread? and your labor for that 
which satisfieth not? Harken diligently 
unto me and eat ye meat which is good, 
and let your soul delight itself in fatness. 
Incline your ear, and come unto me : 
hear, and your soul shall live ; and I will 
make an everlasting convenant with you" 
(Isaiah 55 :i-3). "I will give to him that 
is athirst of the fountain of the water 
of life freely" (Rev. 21 :6). 'The spirit and 
the bride say, Come. And let him that 
heareth say. Come. And whosoever will, 
let him take the water of life freely" (Rev. 
22 117) . "By grace are ye saved, through 
faith ; and that not of vourselves : it is 
the gift of God" (Eph. 2:8). "The gift 
of God is eternal life, in Jesus Christ our 
Lord" (Rom. 6:23). "Thanks be unto 
God for his unspeakable gift" (2 Cor. 

Always Reveal, Never Conceal. 

Always conceal and never reveal is fun- 
damental to the lodge. The Alpha and 
Omega of the gospel proclaims : Always 
reveal and never conceal. "There is noth- 
ing covered that shall not be revealed, nor 
hid that shall not be known. What I tell 
you in darkness, speak ye in light, and 


July, 1901. 

what ye hear in the ear, preach ye upon 
the house-tops" (Matt. 10:26, 2-]^. "Go 
ye into all the world and preach the gos- 
pel to every creature. He that believeth 
and is baptized shall be saved ; but he 
that believeth not shall be damned" 
(Alark 16:15, 16). "I send thee to open 
their eyes, to turn them from darkness 
to light and from the power of satan to 
God, that they may receive forgiveness 
of sins and an inheritance among them 
who are sanctified by faith that is in me" 
(Acts 26:17, 18). 

Darkness and Light Symbolize Krror and 

Darkness is the symbol of secrecy and 
error. Light is the symbol of gospel 
truth. "God is light and in him is no 
darkness at all. If we say that we have 
fellowship with him, and walk in dark- 
ness, we lie and do not the truth. But if 
we walk in the light as he is in the light, 
we have fellowship one with another and 
the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleans- 
eth us from all sin" (i Jno. i :5-7). "In 
him was life and the life was the light of 
men" (i John i :4). "I am the light of 
the world : he that followeth me shall not 
walk in darkness, but shall have the light 
of life" (Jno. 8:12). "Walk while ye have 
the light, lest darkness come upon you : 
for he that walketh in darkness knoweth 
not whither he goeth. While ye have 
light, believe in the light that ye may be 
children of light" (Jno. 12:35, S^)- ''In 
secret have I said nothing" (Jno. 18:20). 
"This is the condemnation, that light is 
come into the world, and men loved dark- 
ness rather than light, because their deeds 
were evil. For every one that doeth evil 
hateth the light, neither cometh to the 
light lest his deeds should be reproved. 
But he that doeth truth cometh to the 
light that his deeds may be made mani- 
fest that they are wrought in God" (Jno. 

"But ye • are a chosen generation, a 
royal priesthood, a holy nation, a pe- 
culiar people, that ye should show forth 
the praises of him who hath called you 
out of darkness into his marvelous light" 
(i Pet. 2:9J. "Ye are the light of the 
world. A city that is set on a hill can- 
not be hid. Neither do men light a can- 
dle and put it under a bushel, but on a 
candlestick : and it giveth light to all that 
are in the house.- Let your light so shine 

before men that they may see your good 
works and glorify your Father who is in 
heaven" (Matt. 5:14-16). 

"For ye were once darkness, but now 
are ye light in the Lord : walk as children 
of light (for the fruit of the Spirit is in 
all goodness and righteousness and 
truth), proving what is acceptable to the 
Lord. And have no fellowship with the 
unfruitful works of darkness, but rather 
reprove them. For it is a shame even to 
speak of those things which are done of 
them in secret. But all things that are 
reproved are made manifest by the light. 
Wherefore he saith. Awake, thou that 
sleepest, and arise from the dead, and 
Christ shall give thee light. See then 
that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, 
but as wise, redeeming the time for the 
days are evil" (Eph. 5:8-16. See also 
Eph. 2:1-10). "Giving thanks unto the 
Father who hath made us partakers of 
the saints in light ; who hath delivered us 
'from the power of darkness and hath 
translated us into the Kingdom of his 
dear Son : in whom we have redemption 
through his blood, the forgiveness of sin"" 
(Col. I :i2-i6). 

Not Designed to Honor Him, 

The comparison might be extended at 
length. But it would require volumes 
to perfect the contrast. The lodges may 
well be named "Legion, for they are 
many." None of them is designed, even 
professedly, to lead to Him who is "the 
Way, the Truth and the Life" (Jno. 14:6). 
Practically they ignore him whom "God 
hath highly exalted and given a name 
which is above every name, that at the 
name of Jesus every knee should bow, of 
things in heaven and things on earth and 
things under the earth, and that every 
tongue should confess that Jesus Christ 
is Lord to the glory of God the Father''" 
(Phil. 2:9-12). 

"But the stone set at naught by the 
builders is the Head of the Corner. This 
is the Lord's doing and it is marvelous 
in our eyes. There is salvation in no 
other, for there is no other name under 
heaven, given among men whereby we 
must be saved" (Matt. 21:42; Acts 4: 
II, 12). 

What Communion Hath Light with 

His Word echoes through the ages. "Be 
not unequally yoked together with unbe- 

July, 1901. 


lievers, for what fellowship hath righte- 
ousness with unrighteousness ? And what 
communion hath light with darkness? 
And what concord hath Christ with Be- 
lial ? Or what part hath he that believeth 
on Christ with them who do not believe 
on him? And what agreement hath the 
temple of God with idols? For ye are 
the temple of the living God. As God 
has said, I will dwell in them, and I will 
be their God and they shall be my people. 
AMierefore, come out from among them 
and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and 
touch not the unclean, and I will receive 
you and will be a father unto you, and 
ye shall be my sons and daughters saith 
the Lord God Almightv'' (2 Cor. 6:14- 


"To the Law and to the Testim.ony, if 
they speak not according to this word it is 
because there is no light in them"' (Isa. 

Julian, Xebr., ]^Iay, 1901. 


Wirh this issue we conclude extracts from 
a lengthy and able article in The Reformed 
Presbj'terian Witness, Glasgow, Scotland.— 
G. M. Robb. 

'A\'e haVe seen that Freemasonry is an 
order in which relationships are formed 
that are wholly unwarranted — relation- 
ships which are founded on systematic 
and compulsory secrecy, and relation- 
ships, moreover, that are cemented and 
confirmed by the most unseemly and un- 
christian oaths. On these accounts, the 
order is wholly antagonistic to the spirit 
of the Gospel of Christ. We have further 
to say that the order is essentially selfish 
in its character and Christless in its re- 

"As a secret society, it is founded on 
selfish and exclusive principles. It seeks 
the good of its own, and its own ex- 
clusively. There is a text that says, "As 
we have therefore opportunity let us do 
good unto all men, especially unto them 
who are of the household of faith ;" but 
that text cuts right across the spirit and 
genius of Freemasonry. * * * One 
of the boasts of the order is that it opens 
a door to the Freemason, wherever he 
goes. >i^ * * It is because of this in- 
ducement that young men have been so 

often drawn unsuspectingly into the' or- 

"Xow, some may innocently ask, 
'What is the harm in this? Is it not a 
reconmiendation to the order?' -"■'- ^- '-^ 
Well, it looks so to many. But the evil 
lies in this, that the friendliness is as ex- 
clusive as it is inclusive. It introduces, 
in fact, a principle of selection, and for 
selfish purposes, that Christ has not \v3iT- 
ranted. * * * When Masonry boasts 
its mutual helpfulness it puts itself for- 
ward as a substitute for Christianity. Are 
Christians to allow anything, even Ma- 
sonry, to take the place of God's own in- 
strument ? 

"Sometimes we find the selfish exclus- 
iveness of ^lasonry defended on the 
ground that it is a friendly society. * "^ 
"^^ It is a friendly society only on the 
principle that an insurance company is a 
frien,dly society. '■' "' "^ The ^la- 
sonic body, v/e are told, look after the 
wives and children of Masons. Yes, if 
the husbands and fathers, when living, 
paid their dues. And what exceptional 
friendliness is there in this? It means 
nothing but quid pro quo value given for 
value received — and that is not charity. 

"There is another aspect of selfishness. 
"^ ''' * It lays claim to the j>ossession 
of secrets that will help men to 'harmon- 
ize their conduct with the principles of 
morality and virtue,' and claims even to 
have within itself that light that will show 
the way to the Grand Lodge above. And 
yet that light, it will not give to the world 
that needs it so much. * "^ ''■' Is that 
not the very quintessence of selfishness? 

"We have said that Freemasonry is a 
selfish order; we say now, in conclusion, 
that it is a Christless order. This is the 
most serious charge of all. * h: >i< j^ 
must not be forgotten that Freemasonry 
is a religious society. * >^ ^ Pi^^t the 
use that is made of sabred things turns 
the religion of the lodge into a caricature. 
"^ ^ * But apart from this travesty of 
sacred things, we may ask the question, 
What right have secret orders or socie- 
ties to worship God at all? In the lan- 
guage of Dr. Stevenson * ^ * 'A spurious 
artificial brotherhood which Christ has 
not called into existence has no right to 
acknowledge Christ or pray to the Father. 
A man and woman living together in an 
unhallowed union have no right to set up 



July, 1901. 

a family altar ; God would not own them, 
even if the worship of that altar was 
Christian.' "^ * * The prayers of the 
Masonic Lodge, curious to say, contain 
no confession of sin, no petition for par- 
don, and no acknowledgment, in any 
shape or form, of Him by whom alone we 
can have access to the Father. * =1^ * 
If all this is not doing dishonor to the 
Lord Jesus Christ, then it is better for 
professing Christians, who enter the Ma- 
sonic Lodge, to dismiss the story of Re- 
demption as a" meaningless fable. Well 
may we say: 'O my soul, come not thou 
into their secret ; into their assembly m^ine 
honor be not thou invited.' " 


The Anti-Secrecy Reform in New England. 

BY. REV. H. H. HINMAN — NO. 5. 

The eighteenth century, which wit- 
nessed the development of modern Free- 
masonry, was remarkable for the low 
state of spiritual religion in Great Brit- 
ain and America. The lodge which be- 
gan to spread in 1812-21 found a foot- 
ing in Boston, Mass., in 1833. Here, as 
in the mother country, it was a reaction 
against Puritanic strictness and an adap- 
tation of the old heathen philosophies 
and ceremonies to the conditions of 
modem society. It captivated some as- 
tute minds and served then, as now, as 
a substitute for Christianity. Men that 
could not endorse the tremendous en- 
ergy of Jonathan Edwards and John 
Hopkins were solaced and amused by 
the Masonic ritual and its promiscuous 
special privileges. The Indian wars, the 
oppressions of Great Britain and the 
Revolutionary struggle so occupied 
men's minds that they were largely blind 
to its malign influences, and hence it had 
a rapid development. Unitarianism, too, 
that had spread widely through New 
England, had much in common with a 
system which ignores an atoning sacri- 
fice and a divine Mediator. It was re- 
ceptive soil for the Masonic system. 

But New England was not slow to re- 
spond to the anti-Masonic alarm in 1826- 
36, and her noblest men, both in the 
church and state, were outspoken and 
emphatic in their condemnation of the 

system. Nor did this conviction wholly 
die out during the arduous conflict with 
slavery, during which time the same sys- 
tem had a silent but marked revival. 
There have always been some minds in 
New England that have cried ''out 
against the lodge iniquity. 

One of the first lecturers after 1868 to 
appeal to the anti-Masonic sentiment 
was Rev. John Levington, of Michigan, 
who spoke and wrote ably in the cause 
of this reform. He was followed by 
Prof. C. A. Blanchard, Rev. James P. 
Stoddard, Eld. J. Barlow, Rev. E. D. 
Bailey, and others including the writer^ 
who labored in all the New England 
States. Among its financial supporters 
have been Mr. Samuel Pratt, of Wor- 
cester, Mass. ; Hon. J. Buck, of Put- 
nam, Conn. ; John A. Conant, of Willi- 
mantic. Conn. ; and Philip Bacon, Wea- 
togue, Conn. To Rev. J. P. Stoddard 
credit is due for that persistent effort 
that has given our reform a substantial 

In the winter of 1878-9 an important 
anti-secrecy convention was held at 
Worcester, Mass. The attendance was 
large, and able addresses were made bv 
Rev. A. M. Milligan, Pres. C. A. Blanch- 
ard, and others. Mr. Edmond Ronayne 
was present and pubhcly exemplified the 
degrees of the Blue Lodge. A decided 
impression was made, and it was decided 
to follow it up with a similar meeting in 

In March of the following year a con- 
vention was called to meet in Music 
Hall, one of the largest and finest in the 
city of Boston. A good representation 
was there from the West, and among 
them quite a number of the original anti- 
Masons. Among the latter was Samuel 
D. Green, author of "the Broken Seal," 
one of the best contributions to anti-Ma- 
sonic history. He had been a rnember 
of the same lodge with William Morgan, 
at Batavia, N. Y., and was now in his 
ninety-third year. 

All needful arrangements had been 
made to make the convention a success, 
but it was in the air that the Masons of 
Boston would not tolerate an open diii- 
cussion of their system, and especially 
that they would not suffer a public expo- 
sition of the lodge. The aid of the au- 
thorities in the preservation of order was 

July, 1901. 


asked for, and at their suggestion twen- 
ty-one extra policemen were hired and 
an admission fee was required. ■ But the 
hall seemed largely packed with ^Masons 
and their sympathizers, determined to 
break up the convention. Such was the 
noise, the violence and the ruffianism 
that almost nothing could be heard, and 
it was with the greatest difficulty that 
the speakers escaped from the howling 
mob, but not without serious injury from 
the missiles that were thrown. This ut- 
ter disregard of the right of free speech 
in Boston was the clearest evidence that 
the spirit of Masonry had not changed 
since it consigned William ^Morgan to 
a watery grave, and that, like all other 
systems of wrong, it "loved darkiiess 
rather than light, because its deeds are 

That the better element of New En- 
gland society did not in any wise sym- 
pathize with this mob violence, is seen 
in the following testimony sent to the 
convention, which is somewhat abridged. 

Bostou, March 18, 1880. 
Rev. J. P. Stoddard. 

Dear Sir:— I sympathize with you entirely 
iu your movement against secret societies. A 
secret society is entirely out of place under 
democratic institutions. History shows them 
pervertihg justice, stopping at no crime to 
protect and conceal their mummeries, con- 
troling i3olitics for their selfish ends, and in- 
terfering with great dangers in national emer- 
gencies. Everj' good citizen should make 
war on all secret societies, and give himself 
no rest until they are forbidden by law. and 
rooted out of existence. Wendell Phillips. 

Hon. Charles Francis Adams made a 
more lengthy, but similar communica- 
tion to the convention ; so also did Hon. 
John G. Fee of Kentucky ; but, alas ! the 
ministry, the churches and the mass of 
the people were not awake to the im- 
portance of the occasion. 

It is worthy of note that during ^he 
twenty-one years that have since inter- 
vened much progress has been made in 
this reform in New England, and that 
]Mr. Stoddard, whose efforts were 
thought to be suppressed, has been 
especially active and successful in its 
promotion. There have been a number 
of important renunciations of ]^lasonry 
by prominent Christian men. Among 

them are E. T. Mclntire, no Bower 
street, Boston; Rev. E. G. W. Welles- 
ley, Providence, R. I., who have become 
deeply impressed with its folly and sin. 
There have been a number of important 
developments through legal investiga- 
tions, in which the folly and the cruelties 
of the initiation into various orders have 
been exposed. Three prize essays on the 
relation of secret societies to civil gov- 
ernment have been published, and have 
a wide, circulation. 

The Christian world has been shocked 
by the number of deaths of young men 
of promise who were the victims of ini- 
tiation into college secret societies. At- 
tention has already been called to the 
killing of a minister of the Gospel at 
Charleston, West Virginia, on his initia- 
tion into the Royal Arch degree of Ma- 
sonry, and the death of a prominent citi- 
zen of Iowa from injuries caused, by ini- 
tiation into a secret society. These 
events, together with the well-establish- 
ed fact that at Hartford, Conn., a Mason 
was expelled from his lodge for obeying 
his civil oath, in giving testimony against 
his brother ]Mason in a case of arson, 
has shown to many the impatriotic and 
disloyal character of the Masonic and 
similar orders. Th^ work so well done 
by ^Ir. Stoddard in Xew England was 
ably supplemented by his excellent wife^ 
b>^ ^liss E. E. FlaggJan(^othen{noble?wom- 
en, and has not been less worthily done 
by his son, Rev. W. B. Stoddard, in our 
national capital. From this point as a 
center he has been abundant in his labors 
in the neighboring States, especially in 
Pennsylvania and Xew York, besides 
holding Annual Conventions in the 
State of Ohio. No one of our workers 
has been more indefatigable in his la- 
bors, and more clearlv successful than 
Mr. W. B. Stoddard. 

Before closing these reminiscences I 
desire to call attention to the fact that 
those denominational bodies that have 
been most infected with the lodge sys- 
tem and most subject to its power, have 
either-absolutely or relatively declined in 
membership and influence, while those 
denominations thai; have been faithful to 
their convictions and positive in their 
testimonies against the lodge iniquity, 
have had the manifest blessino" of God. 



July, 1901. 




William Hoverstock was born in Bed- 
ford County, Pennsylvania, Feb. 23, 
1815. In the same year his parents 
moved to Tviscarawas County, Ohio. 

He was married to Margaret Kohr 
March 31, 1841. He was married to his 
present wife May 18, 1891. She was the 
widow of James Jackson, and the moth- 

er of eight children. Four are living, 
one a minister in the Auglaize Confer- 
ence of the United Brethren Church. 
Sh:e is an excellent Christian lady. An 
helpmeet, indeed, making the last days 
of our brother bright and cheerful. In 
1852 he removed to and settled on his 
farm near Zanesville, Allen County, In- 

He was converted and joined the Uni- 
ted Brethren Church fifty-four years 
ago. His reasons for uniting with this 

July, 1901. 



particular denomination were : their op- 
position to slavery, secret societies and 
the saloon. 

By his great liberality he endowed a 
chair in Otterbein University. He gave 
liberally to Union Biblical Seminary, 
The Missionary and Church Erection 
Societies, and to the Preachers' Aid So- 
ciety of Auglaize Conference. He as- 
sisted liberally in raising the funds to se- 
cure the "Carpenter Building," the head- 
quarters of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation, and in addition to that he has 
provided for a further sum to go to the 
work of this Association at his death. 

At his home v/here he has his mem- 
bership, he virtually built three church 
houses. The old frame, the brick, and 
the new frame, where he, with his wife, 
worship at present. 

When the new brick took the place of 
the old frame structure, Brother Hover- 
stock put in two thousand dollars in the 
brick. When the division followed soon 
after he remained with the church 
of his choice in early life, and 
hence the secret lodge aided the Liber- 
als to lock him out of his own church 
house, and hence he was compelled to 
build again, he putting in fifteen hundred 
dollars into the new frame church. Some 
one will have to give to God an awful ac- 
count some day for such treatment of a 
man of such noble principles. 

Brother Hoverstock is a fearless de- 
fender of the principles of righteousness 
as advocated and practiced by the fath- 
ers. He has no sympathy with the mod- 
ern temporizing plan of letting sin alone 
for fear you will hurt some one. He be- 
lieves in enlightening the people contin- 
ually in regard to the evils of secret so- 
cieties and their complicity with the sa- 
loon evil. In a word, he is a grand man 
of God, ready at any time to give a rea- 
son for his opposition to sin of any and 
all sorts. 

He is an abolitionist, anti-secretist, 
prohibitionist, and is opposed to every- 
thing the devil loves. 

He has lived many years, being now 
86 years old. We pray that he may live 
many more to hold up the light of moral 
reform, and when he shall fall, we trust 
that he will, Samson-like, slay more Baal 
worshippers by his death than even while 
he lived. 


When in Boston we witnessed the great 
May Irwin in 'Too Much Johnson" — a 
New England classic. We thought of 
the fellows we saw be-jeweled and be- 
badged until it was hard to tell whether 
they were "poor and weary pilgrims 
traveling from afar" or street fakirs who, 
with knightly jewels emblazoned on vel- 
vet shields, were crying their w^ares. It 
was, to use the words of one of them 
(fakirs), ''the time to celebrate, and jubi- 
late, and decorate." If we all wore the 
insignia of the "several" degrees, we'd 
make a holy show, and unsophisticated 
foreigners would drop their jaws to look 
after us as we passed by, thinking us 
some battle-scarred heroes from a hun- 
dred victories, and the clanking of charms 
would tinkle like the bells on- the High 
Priest's robe. One of the social diseases 
of the times is too much joining. W^e 
cannot be content with the primary pur- 
poses of Brotherly Love, Relief and 
Truth, but we must conform to the mad 
rush and go in for a long list of reasons, 
none of which are sufficient to justify us. 
We sometimes think "what a ridiculous 
caper a man cuts who belongs to a dozen 
different orders, not one of which could 
or would reach beyond a most superficial 
degree of usefulness to him. 
—Freemason and Fez. 


To the Editor of the Plerald : 

The terrible death of Ira Crockett at 
a Red Men's initiation in Beverly should 
be thoroughly investigated. How ridicu- 
lous are their rituals ! \\' hat mock hero- 
ism do they exhibit in their lectures ! 

I think there is no need of secret so- 
cieties in this broad land of America. 
Only cowards band together. A guilty 
conscience who makes up his non- 
churchgoing by joining a secret society. 

Secret societies only estrange men. 
The best secret society for any man to 
join is his family.^ Let the hearthstone 
be his altar, his wife the high priest, or 
glorious knight, or "what not," and his 
children the other officers of the society. 

\\> arc all Americans in this land ; we 
fear no one. Christianitv in its various, 



July, 1901. 

diversified and apparent "warring" ele- 
ments agrees on one thing, and that is 
"to love one another.'' 

Secret societies are an inheritancse of 
feudalism and the dark ages. They have 
no place nowadays except among weak- 
minded men. If you belong to any se- 
cret order, just run over its list of mem* 
bers and, striking out all the grocers, 
butchers, politicians, men-looking-how- 
to-make-a-living-on - their - wits, and 
''tinkers, tailors, candle-stick makers" 
find out how many are left. The result 
will, no doubt, startle you. Secret socie- 
ties have a most pernicious influence on 
our republican form of government by 
undermining the civil service system. 

A "grip" or a "pass-word" goes a long 
way in securing a job. Frequently you 
hear a man remark: "I know Mr. So- 
and-So has not the proper qualifications 
for the office, but, you see, he belongs to 
my lodge, and I must stand by him." 

We Americans smile broadly over the 
childishness of Aguinaldo with his gold 
collar, gold whistle, his love of gold lace 
and high-sounding titles. But the very 
men who criticise "Aggie" belong to 
lodges that dress their offtcers up hke 
feathered bipeds and have any quantity 
of elongated titles. 

Did the friends of secret societies ever 
stop to consider how such organizations 
militate against the poor? A poor man 
cannot pay the dues of a secret society, 
and, consequently, he is looked upon by 
the members of the society as something 
to be avoided. 

The State of Massachusetts is being 
over-ridden by secret societies. They 
are in both political parties, and the peo- 
ple in disgust are flocking to the Social 
Democratic party. 

It would do well for the church men 
to break down the barriers which secret 
societies raise up between man and man. 

Three Raps. 
—Boston Herald. 



Towels 'Wrune Out of Foiling Water Wrap- 
ped Around Candidate's Throat Until the 
Skin Peels TfF. 

To the Editor of the Herald : 

I should like to submit a few facts re- 
garding the subject of hazing in col- 
leges from one who has seen a victim, 
who has spinal trouble and is a physical 
wreck caused by being initiated into the 
"Dickey," a secret society at Harvard. 

The victim is taken out of bed, in his 
night clothes, regardless of time or 
weather, rolled down stairs into the 
street, then blindfolded and made to run 
a great distance, led by one of the com- 
rades. He is made to eat decayed meat. 
A hole is made in the ground and the 
victim is buried up to his neck, and then 
he is brought, more dead than alive, to 
more suffering. He is burned with light- 
ed cigars, on the arms generally. Tow- 
els wrung out of boiling water are twist- 
ed about his throat until the skin peels 
off. ^ He is then placed in a wooden cof- 
fin, blindfolded and dropped from a 
height of about ten feet, the victim not 
knowing how far. 

I hope the faculties of all coUeges will 
take up this subject and stop all this bar- 
barism. One Who Knows. 

New York, April 8, 1901. 
— JS". y. Herald. 


I have lived to know that tlic secret of 
happiness is never to allow v -"^.■■; energies 
to stagnate. 
— Adam Clarke. 

While being initiated into the Order of 
Foresters of America last evening, Geo. 
Reese, aged 29, of 2527 Arizona street, 
became suddenly unconscious, lie was 
hurried to the Samaritan Hospital, 
where, in spite of all efforts of the physi- 
cians, he did not recover his senses until 
5 130 o'clock this morning. He is still 
somewhat stupefied, but will recover. 

Reese has been unable so far to tell 
anything about the initiation. Practically 
all the information that could be obtained 
this morning was given out by Dr. Da- 
vies, of the Samaritan Hospital, under 
whose care Reese is at present. 

Dr. Davies said that a hurry call for 

the Samaritan Hospital ambulance came 

in at I o'clock this morning from Joseph 

v\^ensinger's Washington H^'^'-?!. on 22d 

July, 1901. 



above Allegheny avenue. The second 
floor of this hotel is used by Allegheny 
Court, No. 255, of the Foresters of Amer- 

Dr. Davies says that when the ambu- 
lance arrived he found a man wrapped in 
a blanket lying on the paveinent in front 
of the hotel. Standing around were about 
fifty or sixty other men. 

When Dr. Davies asked what was the 
matter he was informed that the man on 
the pavement had been overcome by the 
heat. On examination Dr. Davies at once 
saw that it was not a heat case, and 
when he had the man placed in the am- 
bulance he insisted on four or five of the 
others accompanving him to the hospi- 

At the hospital Dr. Davies told these 
men that Reese looked as if he had re- 
ceived a severe electrical shock. Then the 
men acknowledged that they had been 
giving Reese the second degree of the 
Foresters' initiation. A part of this, they 
said, is called the electrical shave. From 
the explanation made to Dr. Davies this 
appears to consist of applying a current 
of electricity to the temples and drawing 
it down the cheeks. It was during this 
that Reese fell unconscious. 

Dr. Davies said he found that Reese'3 
back was black and blue and raw in some 
places, as if he had been beaten by a 
board. When he recovered consciousness 
this morning- his body was so tender all 
over that on the slightest touch he jump- 
ed as if he had been stabbed. Dr. Da- 
vies said in unqualified terms that Reese 
had been brutally treated and that the 
electrical shock must have been a severe 

—The Evening Bulletin, Philadelphia, Pa., June 
11, 1901. 


Seven Unhappy Men Initiated Into This'^n- 
teresting Process at Fiehkill— A Survival 
of the Strongest — Novices, Officially 
Called "Trampsi," Looked Like Them 
When They Got Through the Ordeal. 

The very name has a truly rural sound 
— "Haymaker." One scents the sweet 
odor of the new-mown hay, sees the 
fields fiill of stalwart, sun-burned young 
rustics, piling mounds or heaping the 
great wagons. 

However, there are Havmakers and 

Haymakers. There's nothing truly 
rural about the Haymakers' Association 
of Fishkill ; indeed, it's doubtful if one 
of the Haymakers could pronounce 
"truly rural" — after an initiation. 

This Haymakers' Association is an 
order within an order; its members are 
all Indians of the Fishkill tribe of the 
Improved Order of Red Men. There's 
a very old and instructive adage, "Make 
hay while the sun shines." These Hay- 
makers do better; they make hay by 

On Saturday night the ^Messrs. Chris- 
tie, White, Grossman, Bump, Hyatt and 
the Titus brothers were initiated into 
the mysteries of making hay by gaslight. 
Candidates for membership are officially 
known as "tramps." 

The most wretched Weary Walker that 
ever lived is happy compared to the hay- 
making tramp during his initiation. The 
eighty-five members made it particularly 
interesting for the "tramps" on Saturday 
night. If they had been stealing a ride 
on a train that collided they could not 
have looked worse than when Chief Hay- 
maker James J. Urquhart pronounced 
them true and worthy members. 

The initiation lasted for an hour and 
a half, and was really a survival of the 
strongest. While it was in progress there 
was so much noise that the neighbors 
could not hear themselves think. A 
newcomer ran to Chief of Police Mara 
and begged him to quell the riot in Red 
Men's hall. 

Past Chief Haymaker S. O. Hyatt, As- 
sistant Chief L. H. ]\Iiller, Overseer 
Thomas Connell, Boss Driver Fred E. 
Hignell, Hornblower Philip Connell, 
Guard of Barnyard J. W. Richmond, 
Guard of Hayloft Robert Frost. Collec- 
tor of Straws Fred W. Taylor and Keep- 
er of Bundles Henry E. Post assured the 
anxious yesterday that the seven new 
members will be all right again in a day 
or two." 
—New York World. 

Evidently this is something that ought 
to be promoted. The interests of goo'^ 
citizenship and various other vital inter- 
ests, are loudly calling for some suck 
thing to supply a long-felt want. WUf 
not experiment with it on the ge*i^iine 
tramp ? It would doubtless make a man 
of him. and just meet his type of mind. 



July, 1901. 


Xyack, N. Y., May 2. — Norman Hem- 
ingway, from Kansas City, who has 
been hving in Rockland County for sev- 
eral months, was initiated in the lodge 
of Odd Fellow^s at Spring Valley last 
night. During part of the ceremony, 
W. R. Sherwood, an officer of the lodge, 
acted in a stern manner and rushed to- 
ward Hemingway, intending it as a joke. 
Hemingw^ay thought Sherwood was in 
earnest and pulled out a revolver and 
fired it. The powder burned Sherwood's 
face, but the bullet missed him. There 
was great excitement in the lodge and 
the incident broke up the meeting. 


The Minneapolis Times (Minn.) of 
Feb. 19, 1901, gives the following about 
a man lately initiated into the Woodmen 
lodge : 

"John P. Lindquisit, a form'Civresident 
of the town of Harris, where he was em- 
ployed in a lumber camp, was taken to the 
county jail last night for safe keeping, as 
he went suddenly insane and threatened 
to commit suicide by throw^ing himself 
into the river. 

"Last week Lindquist started for Min- 
neapolis in company with his cousin, and 
upon nearimg the railroad station the 
sight of a red switch light suddenly de- 
throned his reason, and with a loud cry 
he exclaimed that the Woodmen were 
after him, and he literally broke for the 
w^oods, being overtaken after a ten-mile 

"A short tim'C ago he joined the order 
of Woodmen and it is thought that the 
excitement was too much for him, as he 
has acted queerly ever since." 

The Grand Lodge of the State of Wash- 
ington having recognized negro Masonry 
he simply calls attention to that fact and 
recommends that fraternal relations with 
that Grand Lodge be suspended. 
—Report of the address of the Grand Master of 
Tennessee, taken from the Nashville Ameri- 
can by the American Tyler, April 1, 1899. 

But does not Masonry know no creed, 
government, nationality, religion or 



Report on Secret Societies, and Kspecialiy on 
Trades Unions. 

The R. P. Synod met in the Eighth 
Street Church, May-June, 1901, Pitts- 
burg, Pa. 

The Committee on Secret Societies re- 
ported, reaffirming the position of the 
church on all essentially secret organiza- 
tions, viz., that they are "ensnaring in 
their nature, pernicious in their tendency 
and perilous to the liberties of both church 
and State." This committee, charged by 
last Synod to report specially on trades 
and labor unions, dealt almost exclusive- 
ly with the same, setting forth the nature, 
character and claims of these organiza- 
tions. In this report they are distin- 
guished from so-called secret societies, 
yet designated as organizations, charac- 
terized, in many instances at least, by ob- 
jectionable features, such as the obliga- 
tion found in the Rules of Procedure of 
the American Federation of Labor, "Nev- 
er to consent to subordinate the interests 
of the American Federation of Labor to 
those of any labor organization of which 
he (the candidate) may now or hereafter 
be a member," and the further pledge of 
honor "to observe and keep as long as 
life remains" the obligation taken, "until 
you (the candidate) may be absolved from 
this obligation by the American Federa- 
tion of Labor." This the report declares 
not to be consistent with loyalty to Christ 
nor conducive to the freedom which 
Christ promises. Among the recommen- 
dations of the committee are the follow- 

"Synod sympathizes with the laborer 
in his struggle for the betterment of his 
condition and favors fair wages and 
shorter hours of labor, with the Saturday 
half-holiday and exemption from Sab- 
bath toil. Synod, at thesame time, would 
ask the members of the labor unions to 
note that the principle of secret organiza- 
tions is wrong, that secrecy of any degree 
is not necessary to secure that which is 
good in the objects of their organization, 
but is liable to great abuse ; that many of 
their ruhngs are arbitrary and a violation 
of the rights of labor, and that their Sab- 

July, 1901. 



bath meetings are destructive of Spiritual 
life. We would also remind our people 
that the law of Christ forbids identifica- 
tion with any organization, whether of 
capitalists or laborers, which is essential- 
ly characterized by mimoral and un- 
christian features." 

"That a committee be appointed to re- 
port on labor and trades unions, which 
shall co-operate with other denomina- 
tions which are making a study of this 
question, and which shall also correspond 
with the national leaders of labor and 
trades unions with a view to gaining a 
more thorough knowledge of these or- 
ganizations and to eliminating from them 
any objectionable features." 



Labor Unions and Reformed Presbyterian 

The report of the Committee on Secret 
Societies was taken from the table for 
consideration. The resolutions were 
heard separately, and the stormx center 
of the discussion was the attitude which 
the church should maintain toward labor 
unions with secret society features. This 
is a vital question in very many congrega- 
tions, and a serious question 'in possibly 
all of them, for there is scarcely a congre- 
gation in the denomination which is 
wholly unaffected by the character of la- 
bor unions. It was developed in the 
course of the debate that the l^bor unions 
arrayed Covenanters against Covenanters. 
In one case the members of a congrega- 
tion were divided by a labor union in the 
building of their own church, one part of 
the membership, who were also members 
of the labor union, being given work, 
while another part of the membership, 
who were not members of the labor union, 
vvere refused work. In another case mem- 
bers of a Covenanter congregation whil6 
in a labor parade, seeing non-union Cov- 
enanters of the same congregation on the 
sidevv^alk, called them "scabs." At this 
point the resolution was recommitted. 


Christ is not valued at all unless He is 
■alued above all. 

What Is the Relation of the General Confer- 
ence and What Position Does It Take 
Towards Those Churches that Tolerate 
Lodge Members? 

We Quote the conclusion from the General 
Conference Report, published by the Menno- 
nite Book Concern, 1901, at Berne, Ind. 

Before all things else we must insist 
upon it and strive for it that w^e plant 
and foster a positive, live Christianity in 
our churches. Lack of the true life in 
God, lack of trust in God and faith 
in Christ drive people into the lodges ; 
they make flesh their arm. The desire 
for honor also leads many into them. 
But where there is genuine trust in God, 
and where honor is sought from Him and 
not from man, there is no need of the 

The General Conference, the District 
Conferences and the churches must clear- 
ly express their convictions about this 
matter, in their constitutions and church 
regulations. Not the oath alone should 
be mentioned as the reason for our op- 
posing attitude to the lodge, as is done 
in some places ; for there are, as we have 
just seen, many other weighty reasons. 

As conferences and as churches we must 
watch carefully and see to it that church 
regulations and constitutions be em- 
phatically enforced in this point as well 
as in all others. Churches must take a 
stand against those members that have 
joined secret societies. After a certain 
time for consideration which time is spe- 
cified by the church and during which a 
work o*f instructioti and persuasion 
should be carried on with them, they 
should either declare and prove their 
abandoning of the lodge, or by remaining 
in it they themselves sever their relation 
with the church. First of all, the minis- 
ters should occupy a positive position in 
the matter, and testify mightily against 
it. In a similar manner the conference 
must deal with those churches that have 
members belonging to secret societies and 
still receive new ones. A specified time 
must be given the churches, within which 
they must rid themselves of the lodges or 
else withdraw from the conference. One 
conference term should indeed be sufih- 
cient for this work. For if the conference 
tolerates in its union a church that has 
and receives members of secret societies 



July, 1901. 

then it opens to the lodges a wide door 
in all the churches. 

Through the pulpit, through our peri- 
odicals, through public addresses and 
suitable literature we must inform our 
people concerning the anti-scripture and 
anti-Christian elements of the lodges, for 
many get into the lodge net in conse- 
quence of ignorance about this matter. 

If we wish to unite that which is still 
divided, then we must avoid everything 
that threatens to divide anew ; and the 
lodges are one of these things. If we 
wish to build something enduring, then 
we must have a soHd foundation, namely 
Jesus Christ, but this the lodges lack. 

It may appear as too strict to dismiss 
churches and members from the privi- 
leges of the conference, if they do not 
wish to sever their connection with the 
lodges ; but there the word of Scripture 
finds its application: "Purge out there- 
fore the old leaven." If one member of a 
church has the right to belong to a lodge', 
then they all have. If one church has 
the right to tolerate lodge members, then 
they all have. But if this state is once . 
reached, then a rupture in our churcheis 
and conferences is unavoidable. But M 
that is the direction in which anyone 
is steering, let us know it to-day. Let us 
not let the devil throw a mist over our 
eyes, and then try to keep that together 
Avhich must and will bring division. 
Christ retained and all else gone, here 
too will prove the best thing done. 

Lavater once expressed himself as fol- 
lows about tolerance: "Granted some- 
one in the synod should teach th'at Christ 
had not risen, that he is not our worship- 
ful Master and omnipotent Helper, then 
I ioT my part could by no means consent 
that such a one be recognized as a mem- 
ber of the synod, but I would not dare 
go farther. I would be bound as a man 
to make life as easy as possible to the 
person under consideration. If he comes 
to me as a man, I as a man dare not cast 
him out, but I cannot receive him as a 
Christian brother who rejects the teach- 
ings of Christ." So we too may not en- 
ter the fraternity of the lodges, where at 
certain times and under certain conditions 
one may not confess Christ, and thus de- 
nies him ; and upon other occasions the 
godless are. pronounced blessed and thus 
the blood of Christ is trod under foot. 

Our part there rather is to "Come out 
from among them and touch not the un- 
clean thing." 


To the General Conference of the Menonnite 

Dear Fathers and Brethren: I have 
learned to know and honor many of the 
brethren of your communion as faithful 
witnesses for Jesus Christ. This leads- 
me to hope that others whom I have not 
been privileged to meet are of the same 
mind, and that God may use you all for 
the accomplishing of great good in con- 
nection with the upholding of His King- 
dom among men. 

1. Secret societies are enemies to the 
Lord Jesus, inasmuch as they teach men 
to disregard His example and to break 
His commandments. He said when on 
trial for His life, "in secret have I said 
'nothing. I always spoke openly to the 
world," and He commanded His follow- 
ers to "Let their light shine," "To preach 
upon the housetops truths which they 
shall receive in the privacy of their 
homes." The whole secret society move- 
ment is a contradiction of both of these 
clear and obvious teachings. No man 
can follow the example of the Lord Je- 
sus and be an adhering member of a se- 
cret lodge. No man can preach upon 
the housetops what he hears in the ear 
and be a lodge man. 

2. Secret societies organize and in- 
tensify selfishness. Men are urged to 
unite with them, not for the good which 
they can do, but for the good that they 
may gain. They are told that they will 
secure money, positions, friends, etc., if 
lodgemen, which they will not secure, if 
equally good men, but not identified with 
the lodges. Favoritism is the foundation 
stone of lodgery. "Help me, and I will 
help you." "Help my family, and I will 
help your family." "Promote me, and I 
will secure your advancement." Thoti- 
sands of lodges are teaching these devil- 
ish principles to millions of men e\'ery 

3. Lodges defile and deface the bodies 
of men, which are the temples of the 
Holy Ghost. The initiations are actual- 
ly endangering the lives and limbs of 

July, 1901. 



candidates in every part of our country. 
Orangemen, Elks, Woodmen, Knights 
of Pythias, Freemasons, members of col- 
lege fraternities and of other secret or- 
ders, ane subjected to shameful, degrad- 
ing, and dangerous ceremonies. Men 
are being maimed and killed in one way 
or another by them continually. A 
Royal Arch Mason was killed in West 
Virginia a few years ago. An Elk was 
burned to death in Des Moines recently. 
A Woodman was killed in Iowa this sea- 
son. A young man from Omaha was 
killed while being initiated by the D. K. 
E. society at Yale. A son of a promi- 
nent pastor in Chicago died a day or two 
after being initiated by the same frater- 
nity in the Chicago University. These 
things and the shameful obscenities of 
such side initiations as the ''Oriental De- 
gree" are sufftcient to warn all Christian 
people to have no fellowship with such 

4. These organizations, which are so 
completely hostile to the Christian re- 
ligion, are intended to be and are re- 
ceived as substitutes for it. Along wath 
the oaths, penalties, and degrading ini- 
tiations, are mingled Scripture reading, 
prayer, burial services, and the like, so 
that men who are not enlightened spir- 
itually, consider these fraternities quite 
as good as the church. They plainly 
say that they are so, and that they have 
no need of the church, since the lodges 
''are good enough religion for them." 

5. The effect of these rivals of the 
church of Christ is two-fold ; first, multi- 
tudes of men who should be members of 
Christian churches are not connected 
with them ; second, that those who are in 
the churches are injured by them. It is 
self-evident that men who think the 
lodges "good enough religion for them," 
will not care to unite with the churches 
will render them but a partial service. ^ 
The time, thought, and money which 
they put into the lodges will be subtract- 
ed from the churches. 

6. The doctrines of the churches are 
being corrupted by the lodges. There 
are hundreds of thousands of lodges in 
our country teaching millions of men 
that it is safe to die in sin. They, in their 
burial services, profess to send to the 
Grand Lodge above, men who die in de- 
lirium tremens, who have lived the lives 

of drunkards, adulterers, or thieves. 
Many ministers are connected with these 
associations. Whatever they may pro- 
fess to believe as members of the church, 
they become practically universalists and 
unitarians. The result is that when they 
are in their pulpits they will have no 
sense of the terrors of God's laws to men 
w^ho live in sin, and will not preach the 
judgment which comes upon the ungod- 
ly, because they do not believe in it. The 
result will be no conviction for sin, no re- 
pentance in view of sin, no holy living, 
no place in the church. 

7. These lodges are shown to be evi- 
dently hostile to our Lord Jesus Christ 
by the manner in which their prayers and 
other religious services treat Him. In 
general, the Lord Jesus is excluded from 
lodge ceremonies, and by most of the 
orders excluded on the ground, explicit- 
ly stated, that they desire the member- 
ship of Jews, Mohammedans, infidels and 
others who do not believe in Jesus Christ. 
In order to secure these members, they 
omit the name of the Savior. 

I learn that the attitude of your church 
respecting these organizations is in some 
measure to be determined by the con- 
ference to which these lines are address- 
ed. I trust that God will make you very 
faithful to the gospel of the Lord Jesus 
Christ and the souls of men, that your 
church will have no fellowship with un- 
fruitful works of darkness, but rather re- 
prove thefn. 

In the bonds of the Gospel, with love 
to you all, I am, sincerely yours, 

Charles A. Blanchard, 
Wheaton College, 111. 


Action of General Assembly, 1901. 

In view of the existing diversity in 
the interpretation of the XVth article of 
the Testimony and in the application of 
it by sessions in the admission of mem- 
bers of secret orders, and in view of the 
great multiplication of these orders, and 
of their diversity in purpose and charac- 
ter, the General Assembly adopts the fol* 
lowing as expressive of the mind of tlu; 
church on this subject : 

The X\'th article of the Testimony con- 
tinues to express the general sentiment 
of the church and is hercbv afhrmed. 



July, 1901. 

1\1 embers of the Church of Christ ought 
not to have fehowship in associations 
which bind their members by oath or af- 
firmation to obey obHgations, and to im- 
moral secrecy, or which estabhsh a fra- 
ternal fellowship among men subversive 
of the unity of the body of Christ. It 
is especially obligatory upon Christians 
to stand aloof from the societies which 
by their moral teachings and religious 
ritual foster a belief in the salvability of 
men apart from the mediation of Christ. 
We condemn such organizations as most 
dishonoring to our Lord and injurious to 
men, and, persons who, with knowledge 
of the truth concerning them, wilfully ad- 
here to such associations shall not be re- 
ceived into church membership. AJl 
such societies are included in the phrase 
of the Testimony "inconsistent with the 
genius and spirit of Christianity." The 
entire contents and bearing of the article 
should be emphasized in the pulpit teach- 
ing and the Testimony faithfully main- 
tained by all. 

This article is not to be construed so 
as to exclude from the church the mem- 
bership of all such societies as are not 
bound by oath or affirmation or do not 
pledge to secrecy things unknown or in- 
culcate a Christian religion. 

In the administration of. this article, as 
of others of the Testimony, sessions pos- 
sess the right to exercise a wise discre- 
tion in dealing with such cases as may 
arise on their merits and in such a way 
as may best promote the glory of God 
and the edification of the church. It is 
supposed that sessions are composed of 
men of understanding and that they are 
acquainted with 'the principles and are 
faithful to the trust committed to them as 
officers of the church. They may safely 
be trusted in the exercise of this power 
as courts of the church, being, of course, 
responsible for the manner in which they 
exercise this discretion. 

The American Tyler (AI?.sonic organ) 
calls the attention of its readers to the 
action of the United Presbyterian 
Church on the interpretation of its Ar- 
ticle 15, which ''bars members of secret 
orders from admission to the church," 
and it says further : 

That after all these years of supposed prog- 
ress in religious thought such a church as the 

United Presbyterian Church should still cling 
to the strange fallacy that Masonry and kin- 
dred societies are subversive of religion, is 
to us incomprehensible. 

Masonry is not subversive of religion,, 
but it is subversive of Christianity. Devil 
worship is religion and so is Freemason- 
ry, but neither are synonymous with 

Secret societies are being considered 
by the Conference of United Presbyte- 
rians, now in session at Des Moines,. 
Iowa. It seems that the Brethren are 
not the only religious body strongly op- 
posed to the growing evil of secretism. 
It is to be deplored, however, that some 
denominations, hitherto opponents of the 
lodge, have yielded to popular sentiment, 
and thus contributed to the increase of 
the evil. Some of the expressions at the 
above-named gathering were forceful and 
pointed. It was stated that the "exercises 
of the lodges is virtually worshiping with- 
, out Christ," that "fraternalism, taught by 
secret societies, is but an empty shell,— 
anti-Christian, because of the acceptance, 
on the part of many, of the lodge rather 
than the church." While there were some 
speeches in favor of secretism, it seemed 
to be the spirit of the Conference to ad* 
here to the established rule of that body 
— to accept no candidates for member- 
ship who ai^e not willing to renounce all 
allegiance to secret societies. Truly,, 
what "concord is there between Christ 
and Belial?" 
—Gospel Messenger, June 8, 1901. 


Chicigo District, Illinois Couference Reso- 

"That we respectfully petition the next 
General Conference so to change the ex- 
planatory clause of the Discipline con- 
cerning secret societies that it shall in- 
clude the following statement ; 

Anti- Christian Fraternities. 

"Of these there have been, and are, a 
numter, including Freemasonry, which 
must be reprobated by Christian churches 
and are hereby declared to be among 
the most dangerous of institutions to the 
souls of men, and no person who is a 
member of any such fraternity shall be- 
come or continue a member of the Free 


July, 1901, 



Methodist Church, or of any society 

Of Lodges, Fraternities and Societies Not 
Anti-Christian, but Distinctively Worldly 
in Spirit. 

"Membership in the church impHes and 
is understood to be declarative of dis- 
tinctively Christian and spiritual life, com- 
munion and character. Lodges, fraterni- 
ties, clubs, and distinctively worldly so- 
cieties, whether secret or open, claim to 
be and are for fellowship and commun- 
ion, hence, if for no other reason mem- 
bership in them is inconsistent with 
membership m the church, and the fel- 
lowship which they provide for, will be 
inconsistent vv^ith and destructive of the 
true Christian fellowship and commun- 
ion of the church, and no incidental 
worthy purposes avowed by worldly 
lodges, fraternities or societies can jus- 
tify Christians in uniting with or remain- 
ing in such organizations. The Free 
Methodist Church therefore requires that 
persons who have been members of such 
lodges, fraternities, or societies, with- 
draw from them before or upon being ad- 
mitted to membership in the church ; and, 
if in any case members of the church 
unite with any such lodge, fraternity or 
society, they shall be declared with- 
drawn, and their membership' shall thus 
be terminated." 

have mercy upon our nation and open 
the eyes of our leaders in Church and 
State to the glaring truth of the evils we 


Report of the Rochester, N. Y., Annual Con- 

Whereas, We consider tJiat the popular 
societies called lodges, by their Christ- 
less liturgy, and their religious preten- 
sions, by which they put their unholy or- 
ganizations first and Jesus of Nazareth 
second, while they assume to transfer 
their devotees from ''the lodge on earth 
to the grand lodge above," of which they 
have the audacity lo say, "the Great Je--' 
hovah is the grand master," are an insult 
to our God and his kingdom, and consti- 
tute an important factor in fostering the 
infidelity and the corruption that exists 
in our civil and religious institutions as 
described in the foregoing paragraphs. 
Therefore we as a conference do resolve 

That we call upon all Christian men 
and women to bow with us in the dust 
before God, while we prav that he vAW 


The report of the committee appointed 
by this general synod is found in the Janu- 
ary and February numbers, 1901, of ''The 
Banner of Truth," published at Paterson, 
N. J. The report recognizes that "there 
is a gradual difference in wickedness in 
lodges, yet all are essentially and in pur- 
pose one and the same," an'd then it t|.kes 
up the question, what is a secret society. 
A very condensed excerpt follows. 

What Is a Secret Society? 

Definition : A secret organization is a 
society that demands from everyone who 
is to become a member a solemn promise 
or oath of unconditional secrecy of all 
that pertains to the lodge, without official- 
ly mforming the candidate of the con- 
tents of the secret ; and moreover obli- 
gates its members to undefined aid and 
absolute obedience, or at least to insuffi- 
ciently denned aid and obedience. 

Whether one takes an oath or makes a 
promise admits of no essential difference. 
The difference is gradual. The oath has 
come into use because of sin, and the 
"yea" of a Christian must possess the con- 
siderateness and faithfulness of an oath. 

Unchristian Associations. 

The lodge leads us into a brotherhood 
with which it is unlawful for a Christian 
to associate himself. - 

It is true that we must mingle with 
these classes of men (unconverted men 
of the world) in society, but to form a 
brotherhood with them wilfully and pur- 
posely, when necessity does not demand 
it, is to join Christ and Belial, the believ- 
er and the infidel, it is to be yoked to- 
gether with unbelievers, and cannot be 
made to agree with the glorious model 
held up to our view in the first Psalm. 
The Bible is very plain and emphatic on 
this point. The Israel of God may form 
no brotherhood with the world, and espe- 
cially no oath-bound covenant with the 
purpose of working together, as one in 
heart, in all the spheres of life. The chil- 
dren of God must forsake the world, sep- 
arate themselves from the world. "^^'hQ>. 



July, 1901. 

soever will be a friend of the world is the 
enemy of God." The children of God 
constitute a divinely ordained brother- 
hood to which they must confine them- 
selves : "for wdiat fellowship hath right- 
eousness with unrighteousness? and 
what communion hath light with dark- 
ness ? and what concord hath Christ with 
Behal? or what part hath he that be- 
lieveth with an infidel? and what agree- 
ment hath the temple of God .with idols ? 
wherefore come out from among them 
and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and 
touch not the unclean thing." 

. Idolatry, 

The so-called religion of the lodge is 
a denial of the only way of salvation. 

A universal fatherhood of God is ac- 
knowledged, but the Triune God of the 
Bible is flatly denied in the way of sup- 




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Address ail letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the Nationtkl Ohrlstfan Association, to 
the general secretaf7 and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chloago, ill. 

The friends of Michigan will talvC spe- 
cial interest in the report in this num- 
ber of the Michigan State Convention 
held at Grand Rapids, May 30, last. You 
will note with interest that the State 
work has been reorganized and an able 
board of of^cers elected. 

Reforms cost time, money, and self- 

sacrifice, and if the friends of Michigan 
are willing to pay the price, th^-e is no 
State that in effective work can surpass 
the State of Michigan. The friends will 
place the name of Rev. G. M. Lehigh,. 
State Treasurer, whose postoffice address 
is 494 Scribner Street, Grand Rapids^ 
Michigan, where they will not easily los^ 
sight of it, and where they will be con- 
stantly reminded that he is authorized to 
receive contributions from the friends of 
Michigan for the maintenance of a lec- 
turer in the field for at least two months. 
The reform churches of the State are es- 
pecially asked to contribute to this end. 

Amon^the recent callers at the Cyno- 
sure office was Rev. S. R. Wallace, for- 
merly of New York State, and President 
of our New York State Association. He 
is now pastor of the Reformed Pr^by- 
terian Church at Holton, Kan. We have 
also had the pleasure of a visit from Rev. 
Wm. Dillon, D. D., of Huntington, Ind.^ 
.lately editor of Christian Conservator. 

Rev. Dr. Becker, editor of the Chris- 
tian Conservator, says editorially : 

"We regret not to have been able to 
have attended the annual meeting of the 
National Christian Association at Chica- 
go on the 15th of May. Our absence was 
caused by attendance at General confer- 
ence at Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. 
Our hearty sympathies are with the work 
of the association." 

It is almost amusing to listen to the 
harangues and read the written tirades 
of prominent Masons against everything 
that is not laid down in the ritual of the 
first three degrees of Masonry. Many 
of them evidently are of the opinion that 
the fathers of the institution lived away 
up above the clouds where the atmos- 
phere was pure. 
—Missouri Freemason, 

Yet, if we remember rightly, that great 
Masonic author, Webb, showed that he 
doubted whether even the kind and 
amount of notice that Knight Templar- 
ism allows Christianity was allowable in 
connection with real Masonry. 

And, however amusing one editor may 
think it, the question is in its own nature 

July, 1001. 



a fair one, whether the suppression of all 
beyond pure Theism is compatible with 
a good deal that common people regard 
as in some sense Masonry, whether nom- 
inally and profanely Christian or formal- 
ly Mohammedan. 


There is probably more than one rea- 
son why the Volunteers and the Salva- 
tion Army do not unite. The lodge ques- 
tion is one difficulty in the way. Balling- 
ton Booth has joined the Masons, ap- 
parently for revenue. He did not go in- 
to the lodge as many do, without any 
knowledge of its principles. He had had 
light from the Cynosure office, and long 
before that from his father. Gen. Wm. 
Booth, the head of the Salvation Army, 
who said publicly here in Chicago that 
no officer of the Salvation Army could be 
a Freemason. 

One of the Volunteers was heard to 
remark recently that people were cut- 
ting their gifts to them, and he regretted 
the division. Probably the Masons are 
not paying as well as Ballington expect- 
ed they would for his fulsome flattery of 
the order, and Christians are turning 
their gifts to the Salvation Army and its 
Christian leader, Gen. William Booth. 
But Ballington Booth has a wide field 
before him as a joiner. He might work 
the Odd Fellows, and then begin the al- 
phabet of lodges and run the whole 
gamut of three hundred from the Altru- 
rian Order of Mysteries, Ben Hur, 
Druids, Fenians, and Immaculates, to 
the Veiled Prophets of the Enchanted 

Let Blue Masonry remain as it is. If 
it is not pure and holy enough to stand 
against the storms of persecution ; if it 
is not strong enough to defy the ravages 
of lime itself, let it go down. Some-'' 
thing just as good will find a place in 
the hearts of good people and will only 
cease to exist, when it fails to meet with 
the approval of the great mind of the 
great nations of the earth. If a man 
who has grown large enough to get down 
from his mother's "high chair" without 
falling, feels that an ostrich feather on 
his hat would send a thrill of joy through 

the heart of a mother, sister or daughter, 
it would be an un-Masonic command- 
ment that said, "thou shalt not wear 
feathers on thy hat," and the Grand Mas- 
ter who has issued such a commandment 
or any other commandment, bull or edict 
against the Knights Templars, Princes 
of the Royal Secret or the Shriners ought 
to be suspended from the Blue Lodge 
and not restored until he shall have 
learned that a Mason has no right to in- 
terfere with the right of any member of 
the fraternity to become a member of 
any church or society which does not 
by overt act become inimical to Freema- 
sonry. It is contemptibly un-Masonic to 
anathematize a member for identifying 
himself with any institution that is com- 
posed entirely of Masons, or of Masons 
and those who come under the protecting 
wing of a Masonic obligation. ' 
—Missouri Freemason, June 17, 1899. 

But the trouble is not the feather, but 
the cross. Shrines sport the Crescent 
and Templars a cross, which to Blue 
Lodge Masonry are ''sectarian." But 
for his cross, a Knight's feather would 
have only a feather's weight. The vital 
phrase in the above protest is near the 
heart in position as well as meaning ; 
viz., '"or any other commandment." The 
thing that must be saved is "pure and 
holy" Deism, with pagan symbolism. 


(By the Associated Press.) 
Tacoma, Wash., June 13.— The Grand Lodge 
of Masons has rescinded the resolution adopt- 
ed two years ago recognizing negro Masonry. 
The action of the lodge at that time M'as se- 
verely criticised all over the United States, 
and as a result the next session of the Grand 
Lodge attempted to return to the old-estab- 
lished principles, but the resolution was so 
artfully drawn that sister lodges refused to 
construe it as an honest expression. 

The lodge has now in unmistakable lan- 
guage made its position known.— Chicago 
Journal. June 13. 1901. 

What broad-minded charity ! No ne- 
gro need apply. Hail, universal Mason- 
ry divine, with its well-defined color- 




July, 1901. 


The Christian Instructor says editor- 
ially : 

AYe are gratilied that uo backward step 
lias been taken on the secret society question, 
which seemed to be the burning question of 
the meeting. Everywhere, and by speakers 
on all sides, secret orders were reprobated. 
If secret order men looked for sympathy, 
they surely found none in the positions of the 
speakers, and the action taken was rather 

The credit of boldly and ably defend- 
ing the truth and the position which the 
church ought to take, is due the Instruc- 
tor. It has given no uncertain sound 
during the months of controversy pre- 
ceding the recent action. 

It was stated in the Assembly that 
members of the Grand Army of the 
RepubHc are not placed under the ban 
of the church. Article 15 does not seem 
to m^ake such an exception, nor^an one 
see why it should. The G. A. R. has an 
''altar" in its lodge room. Its burial ser- 
vice implies that the members go to 
heaven, and is used in burial not only of 
Christian members, but in the burial of 
those who hate Christ. To unite in wor- 
ship where many of those engaged in it 
are not presumed to be Christians, and 
are really not true worshipers, is not 
only being ''yoked together with unbe- 
Hevers" but is a sanction of their un- 
godly practices. 


Henry W. Howgate died last month at 
his home in Washington, D. C. He was 
a Freemason of high degree, who stole 
$380,000 from the government and, 
though arrested in 1881, he escaped and 
lived for several years in the vicinity of 
Washington, was communicated with 
but not arrested until 1894, while living 
in New York, some thirteen years after 
the theft. He was imprisoned for five 
years, or one year for each $76,000 that 
he stole. Masonry is a powerful friend 
to public defaulters. 

Before his first arrest Captain How- 
gate lived openly with his family in a 
modest home in Washington. Secretly 
he maintained Nellie Burrill, a pretty 

Treasury clerk, in surroundings of Ori- 
ental splendor in a house on an island in 
the Potomac. 


Colored Knights Templar Excluded from 
-Battle Creek's Parade. 

Battle Creek, May 31.— After being invited 
to participate in the Memorial parade yester- 
day the colored Knights Templar were shut 
out. Their indignation runs high and an ef- 
fort to learn the cause of the slight is being 
made.— Grand Rapids Press (Mich.). 

''Behold how good and how pleasant 
it is for brethren to dwell together in 
unity.'' The Battle Creek incident is a 
good illustration of the spirit of that 
Christian (?) Knights Templar organi- 

ieni0 of ®ur Pori 


Headquarters 221 West Madison Street, Chi- 

President — Rev. Charles A. Blanchard, 
D. D., Wheaton, Illinois. 

Vice President — Rev. Simon P. Long, 
M. A., Lima, Ohio. 

General Secretary and Treasurer — Wil- 
liam L PhilHps, 221 West Madison street, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

Recording Secretary^Mrs. Nora E. 
Kellogg, Wheaton, Illinois. 


Rev. James W. Fifield, D. D., Chair- 

Air. C. J. Holmes, Vice Chairman. 

Rev. Edgar B. Wylie, Secretary. 

Mr. Ezra A. Cook. 

Mr. James M. Hitchcock. 

Mr. H. F. Kletzing. 

Mr. Fred D. Ewell. 

Judge George Bent. 

Rev. W. B. Rose. 

Rev. H. K. G. Doermann. 

Rev. Charles A. Blanchard. 

Rev. Samuel F. Porter has located for 
the summer as pastor of a Congregation- 
al Church at Portland, North Dakota. 

July, 1901. 



The "old guard" will be glad to hear 
that one of their number, Mr. G. \V. 
Needles, of Albany, Mo., sends his greet- 
ing and assurance that his heart is in 
the work. 

The Christian Nation of New York 
publishes in full the Resolutions of the 
Harrisburg, Pa., Convention, and also 
commends very highly Rev. W. B. Stod- 
dard for his successful work in this re- 

Rev. S. A. Scarvie writes under date of 
June 8th that he delivered two lectures 
at Story City and one at Roland, Iowa. 
All meetings were largely attended and 
the truth was well received. 

Seventeen anti-secret young men 
were graduated from the Theological 
Seminary at Hamlin, Minn., this sum- 
mer, and each received a complimentary 
copy of ''Secrecy and Citizenship" from 
the National Christian Association. Our 
friend, Rev. S. A. Scarvie, is a member 
of this class. 

Rev. P. B. Williams, Sidney, Ohio, 
writes : 

'T spoke yesterday, June 9, 1901, one 
hour and twenty minutes, to a good au- 
dience, at North Salem, Ohio, on my 
field on the lodge evil. Had excellent at- 
tention, and I think some good was 


Grand Rapids, Mich., Thursday, May 

30, 1901. 

The National Christian Association 
Convention met in the Lagrave Street 
Reformed Church at 9 a. m., as per pro- 
gram, and a very pleasant devotional 
hour was had. Rev. G. M. Lehigh, of 
Grand Rapids, leading. 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard called the con- 
vention to order and Rev. R. S. Bow- 
man, of Woodbury, Mich., was elected 
secretary pro tem. 

Committees were appointed as fol- 
lows: On Enrollment, Mr. Hokinga and 
Mr. Sharp. On Finance, Rev. J. Groen, 
E. Vander Vries, and Mrs. H. Wight. 
On Resolutions, Rev. Thos. M. Chal- 

mers, Rev. Henry Beets and Prof. 

The reading of "convention letters" 
was taken up and greetings were thus 
received from the following friends in 
Michigan : Messrs. J. P. Hershiser, Lake 
Odessa ; E. W. Chapman, Cooperville ; 
S. J. Young, Allandale ; E. E. Day, Way- 
land ; J. Klingmann, Bay City ; E. C. 
Mason, Montgomery ; L. H. Humphrey, 
Allegan ; E. D. Root, Perrinton ; E. B. 
Pontius, Sparta; W. H. Gillett, Maple; 
R. D. Nichols, Jonesville; A. H. Snel- 
grove, Lacey ; J. J. Tucker, Spring Ar- 
bor; M. J. Bodder, Clarksville ; Franklin 
Ansley, Whitneyville ; Jeremiah Wal- 
ters, Hopkins Station ; S. A. Manwell, 
Brighton ; Jno. Ferris, Big Rapids ; Mrs. 
R. Fourot, St. Louis. 

The desirability of organizing the 
State of Michigan for more efifective an- 
ti-secrecy work was discussed. 

A committee, to consist of the officers 
of the Michigan State Christian Associa- 
tion, was appointed to correspond with 
the anti-secrecy churches of the State, to 
learn to what extent they could or would 
co-operate in maintaining a lecturer in 
the field for two months, and to find a 
suitable person to act in that capacity. 

The question box was opened and the 
following inquiries were considered. 

1. How can we best counteract the 
influence of the agents of the secret in- 
surance fraternities? Ans. Learn and 
present the facts concerning such fra- 

2. What is the best w^ay to convince 
members of the secret lodges of the evils 
of lodgery? Ans. With Christians, ap- 
peal to the Word and their conscience. 
With men of the world, appeal to their 
sense of manliness, propriety, honesty, 
justice, patriotism, etc. 

3. How can we know that the exposi- 
tions of secret orders furnished by the 
N. C. A. are correct? Ans. By the ad- 
mission of lodge men themselves, and 
by the indirect testimony of their own 
standard publications. 

Upon motion of Rev. Chalmers, the 
N. C. A. was requested to publish a 
pamphlet setting forth the facts regard- 
ing secret insurance orders. 

A committee to nominate Michigan 
State Christian Association officers was 
appointed by the chair as follo\ys : Bros. 



July, 1901. 

Day, Bossman and Vander Ark. A re- 
cess was taken until 2 p. m. 

Thursday Afternoon Session. 

The convention was called to order at 
2 p. m. by Rev. W. B. Stoddard. 

The Rev. Dr. C. A. Blanchard, Presi- 
dent of VVheaton College, was called to 
the chair. 

Devotions were conducted by Rev. H. 
A. Day, who read the thirteenth chapter 
of Revelation, applying its statements to 
*'the secret empire." He then led the 
convention in prayer. 

A song was rendered by the male choir 
of the theological seminary. 

The minutes of the morning session 
were read, corrected, and approved. 

The committee on nomination of offi- 
cers for the Michigan State Christian 
Association reported, and after some 
amending the report was adopted as 
follows : President, Rev. H. A. Day, 
Grand Rapids, Mich. ; Vice President,' 
Rev. J. Groen, Grand Rapids, Mich. ; 
Secy., R. S. Bowman, Woodbury, Mich. ; 
Treas., Rev. G. M. Lehigh, Grand Rap- 
ids. Mich. 

Another song was sung by the male 

The finance committee reported, rec- 
ommending that the Secretary invite the 
anti-secrecy churches of the State to con- 
tribute toward the expense of maintain- 
ing the State organization. 

The committee on resolutions report- 
ed and, after slight amendments, the re- 
port was adopted as follows : 


Whereas, False worship is the mother 
of many evils, and, whereas, we find a 
great manifestation of false worship in 
the secret lodge system which is extend- 
ing its pernicious influence in all parts of 
our beloved country : 

Resolved, ist. That we call upon all 
Christians and Christian churches to in- 
vestigate this system, that they may the 
better understand and point out its: evils ; 

2d, That we follow the teachings of 
Christ, yea, the whole Word of God, 
which is clearly opposed to Lodge dark- 
ness, e. g., Ps. I : I ; John 18 : 20 ; IL Cor. 
•6: 14-17; Eph. 5: 11-18; Lev. 5 :4-6; Jer. 
4:2; John 14:6; Matt. 6 : 24. 

3d, That we find the divine idea of 

brotherhood set aside in the preaching 
and practice of secret societies. 

4th, That we believe this system to be 
exceedingly deceptive in that it leads 
many to entertain hopes of temporal and 
eternal gain, never to be realized. 

5th, That we regard its use of high- 
sounding titles, and names adopted from 
animals and savages, as foolish and in 
some cases blasphemous. 

6th, That we find the lodge initiations, 
ceremonies, dances, regalia, pilgrimages, 
etc., out of harmony with the teaching 
of the lowly Nazarene, and detrimental 
to a godly life. 

7th, That its efifects upon homxC life, 
and that of the citizen, are to be de- 

8th, That we believe the National 
Christian Association, its official organ. 
The Christian Cynosure, its agencies, 
tracts and books, should receive the sup- 
port of Christians as a means of shed- 
ding needed light. 


Thos. M. Chalmers, 
Kr. Schoolland, 
H. Beets. 

The afternoon session was largely oc- 
cupied in a very interesting and profit- 
able discussion of the various items of 
the foregoing report. 

A resolution of thanks was tendered, 
1st, to the pastor and people of the La- 
grave Street Christian Reformed 
Church, for their hospitality and Chris- 
tian kindness in caring for the conven- 
tion ; 2d, to the choir and male chorus 
for their assistance in brightening the 
convention with song; 3d, to the press 
of the city, which had made favorable 
mention of the convention. 

Evening Session, 7:30 P. M, 

After the introductory devotions, one 
person from each of the churches repre- 
sented in the convention was appointed 
to report the convention's proceedings 
to his church paper. The minutes of the 
afternoon session were read and ap- 

On Wednesday and Thursday even- 
ings the program was carried out as 
printed, good congregations attending. 
The addresses by Rev. Thomas M. Chal- 
mers, upon ''The Origin and Character 
of the Secret-society Svstem," and 

July, 1901. 



''Character of the Minor Secret Orders." 
the address of Rev. W. B. Stoddard up- 
on 'The Masonic and Christian Rehg- 
ions Compared." and the address of 
Pres. C. A. ' Blanchard upon ''The 
Church and the Lodge," were masterly 
and impressive, and told deeply upon the 
minds of the auditors. 

Adjournment was informal. 


R. S. Bowman, Secv. 



Dear Brother Phillips: The Y. ^I. C. 
A. Jubilee in this city is nearing its clos- 
ing session. . Others will write of its gen- 
eral feature, but a few incidents on the 
line of our work may interest you and 
your patrons. 

Not since the World's Fair in 1893 have 
I met with an opportunity so favorable 
for reaching "peoples from many lands." 
Restrictions and obstructions not unfa- 
miliar to reformers handicapped the work 
■not a little, but despite all these I was 
able to put a copy of "Prize Essays" in 
the hands of about 400 of the 2.000 dele- 
gates present. I had hoped to reach at 
least 1,000 but apprehension on the part 
of a very few invisible parties, that in 
some way the Y. M. C. A. might be held 
responsible and so suffer loss, was deem- 
ed sufificient reason to enjoin great cau- 
tion in my methods. Not the slightest 
imfriendliness appeared on the part of 
either employes or visiting members 
with whom I came in personal contact, 
but there was somewhere "a board of 
directors," with certain influential mem- 
bers, who did not subscribe to the well- 
known views of President C. G. Finne.y, 
President John Ouincy Adams, the late 
Dr. A. J. Gordon, D. L. Moody and Dr. 
Nathaniel Colver, founder and first pas- 
tor of Tremont Temple Baptist Church, 
on the "character and claims of secret 

Previous to the inauguration of the 
convention I applied for the co-operation 
of the local association in circulating in- 
formation and was very courteouslv re- 
ceived by some of the leading local offi- 
cials, who assured me of sincere and 

hearty sympathy, while declining, tor 
reasons, to enter into any arrangement 
by which as individuals or as an asso- 
ciation they should assume any responsi- 

Acting solely upon my own convic- 
tions I entered what seemed a Providen- 
tial opening and quietly began my work. 

The first delegate I met from a foreign 
land was from Paris. He accepted a 
book with thanks, and asked many ques- 
tions about the lodges and their work in 
this country. He had met and noted 
similar effects to those I mentioned, in his 
own country and expressed satisfaction 
that something was being done to coun- 
teract their influence, etc. The next was 
a clergyman from Germany, who ex- 
pressed his approval by saying; "There 
are seventy German-speaking delegates 
at the hotel where I stop and I wish 
every one of them had a copy of that lit- 
tle book." A delegate from India spoke 
our language very readily and said he 
represented 130 associations in his coun- 
try, and that he should carefully read the 
book which he was glad to get for his li- 
brary. A delegate from Poland and an- 
other from Australia each accepted a book 
with grateful acknowledgment. 

From the United States and Canada 
the delegations were lar^e, but among 
the 200 and more with whom I con- 
ferred only one attempted a defense of 
the lodge. I will give a few samples 
which fairly represent the sentiment of 
those with whom I conversed. 

A bright young man from P — said, *T 
am sick of the Y. ^T C. A. in our city. 
The lodges have multiplied until they 
have nearly killed the church and wreck- 
ed the morals of our community. \\'e 
have a name to live and that is about all," 

Another said : "When a young man 
comes into our association who gives 
promise of fitness for some special line 
of work and we begin to train him for 
that work, and he joins the lodge, in- 
variably he proves a failure. There is 
something about those lodges that kills, 
the spirituality of a man and unfits him 
for Christian work. I was at Northfield 
a few years ago and heard a man by the 
name of Blanchard give an address on 
the subject, and I fully agree with him." 

A gentleman of mature age and under- 



July, 1901. 

standing, said: "I joined the Masons aaid 
took three degrees before I became a 
Christian. I was active for a time, but 
when I gave my heart to Christ I began 
to lose my rehsh for the lodge. I have 
asked to have my name stricken from 
th'C roll, and haven't been near the lodge 
for a long time, but they want me to 
leave my name and attend when I can, 
etc. I shall be glad to read your book 
and put it into our library." 

After an hour's conversation with the 
Secretary of an association in a large 
and flourishing city, he said: "I have 
met you before," mentioning time and 
place. He continued, "You gave me a 
little tract. Out of Bondage,' by Rev. 
Wesley, and I have been under convic- 
tion ever since. I am an Oddfellow and 
Redman, but from this time on I am done 
with them both," etc. He gave me names 
and postage to send tracts to some of his 
friends and became one of my active aids 
at the convention. 

"Hello, Stoddard, are you alive?" was 
the hearty salutation of a man who ex- 
tended his hand with a smile, and looked 
me straight in the eyes. "You don't re- 
member me, I saw you at the World's 
Fair and we had a talk in your little 
booth. I'm from California," etc. Of 
course he was glad to get information 
and take literature. 

A young pastor who was serving his 
first charge, had just been induced to 
unite with the Oddfellows. He was a 
little surprised that one never having be- 
longed should know so much of the cere- 
monial of the order, and I must give him 
credit for being one of the frankest mem- 
bers I have met who considered his obli- 
gation to conceal still binding. I hope 
to meet him again, and may report on his 
case later. 

Not to exhaust your patience I will de- 
sist with the mention of one more : A 
young man of fine appearance frankly 
avowed himself a Mason of three degrees, 
and thought it entirely compatible with 
Christianity and helpful in his Christian 
life. I made some suggestions which led 
him to ask, "Have you ever been a Ma- 
son ?" Replying that I had not, he re- 
sponded as is usual, "Then you know 
nothing about it." Not disputing his 
statement, I said will you kindly explain 
to me how the Hiram Abifif scene, when 

you were thrust onto the stretcher and 
finally raised in a semi-putrid state from 
a dead level to a living perpendicular, and 
received the master's mah-hah-bone, con- 
tributed to your piety or self-respect?" 
He declined to continue the discussion, 
but accepted a copy of Prize Essays, as did 
a number who had listened, with the as- 
surance that he would read it at his leis- 

With gratitude to God and thanks to 
whom thanks are due for the privilege of 
doing what I could and regrets only that 
the way seemed closed against doing 
more, I am yours in the service of Jesus 
Christ, whom the lodge reject as too sec- 
tarian and narrow for their guide in prac- 
ticing universal charity and brotherly 
love. James P. Stoddard. 


June i8, 1901. 
Dear Cynosure : 

My recent work among our friends 
from Holland has led me to read a book 
entitled "Holland and Her Heroes.'' It 
is doubtful if any people have passed 
through as trying or prolonged struggles 
in seeking liberty of conscience as this 
much afflicted people. No wonder they 
are intense in opposition to lodge slav- 
ery. They seem to have always had a 
sturdiness of character, an independence 
of thought and action that the blood- 
thirsty, cruel tyrant, Phillip, King of 
Spain and the Netherlands, could not de- 
stroy with the sword. 

Unless history misinforms us, William 
of Orange, their Prince, combined in a 
large degree those characteristics that 
make men great. He loved his enemies. 
He lived to serve his fellow men. He was 
wise in council, valiant in battle, and died 
a prince indeed. Millions rise to bless 
his memory. 

Can it be that the very staunchness 
that is seen in the lives of these worthy 
sons of toil, contributed to their defeats? 
Their enemies were usually united : they 

In connection with the very helpful 
Convention which the Cynosure will rer- 
port as held in "Dominie" Beet's Church, 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, I visited and 
spoke in several of the Christian Re- 
formed Churches. Anti-secrecv lectures 

July, 1901. 



were delivered in Muskegon, Grand Ha- 
ven and Holland, ]^Iichigan, in churches 
of Pastors Fles, De Jongh, and \'an 
Goor. Other pastors and churches 
united in these services and much inter* 
est was manifest. 

This people is trained to give in. sup- 
port of what they believe. The oollec- 
tions gave evidence that "Alexander the 
Coppersmith," was still in business, but 
we were pleased to note that the children 
were supplied with the pennies and 
trained to give. 

A Sabbath was very pleasantly spent in 
company of Brother Chapman, pastor of 
Wesleyan Churches in Coopersville, ]ylich- 
igan, and vicinity. There are some faith- 
ful souls there who rejoice in the promise, 
"Fear not little flock," etc. A union ser- 
vice, in which I presented the anti-Chris- 
tian character of the lodges, assembled 
in the Freemethodist Church and was 
largely attended. 

The Covenanter Sjdod. 

We were permitted only to look in on 
this body as they w6re assembled in the 
large Eighth Street Church, Pittsburg. 
Those we knew as the fathers in this 
church twenty years ago, are largely 
gone. The younger men are taking their 
places, the ever increasing gray giving 
evidence that they too are fast mov- 
ing on. 

The Synod was largely attended. Dis- 
cussions were animated. Xo bitter con- 
troversy brought a discordant note. Oh, 
that there were more with convictions 
not for sale. 



Since my return home I have found 
plenty of opportunity to preach and dis^ 
tribute literature. We have just moved. 
Wife with daughter is in the shadow of 
the Blue Rido^e Mountains, near Dela- 
plaine, A^irginia, where it is hoped she 
will gain needed health. 

My standing address for the present 
will be 910 Pennsylvania ave., X. W., 
Washington, D. C. I gD, D. \'., to- 
morrow to Somerset Co., Pennsylvania, 
and north, where friends have opened 
doors for lectures. 

Yours in His Service, 

W. B. Stoddard. 

74 South Robert Street, St. Paul, Minn., 

June 17, 1901. 
To the Editor of the Christian Cynosure : 

The Modern Woodmen of America 
began the work of their convention in 
this city on the nth day of June. 

At their opening session- the Head 
Consul, Xorthcott, stated the member- 
ship of the order at about 600,000; that 
10.000 members since the founding of 
the order have died : that the heirs of de- 
ceased members have received more 
than 820.000,000 from the order ; and 
that the order has now "in force" more 
than Si, 000,000,000. 

From this data we may observe that 
of that $20,000,000 disbursed the de- 
ceased members paid about one-third of 
a million ; and that the 600,000 living 
members paid the remaining nineteen 
and two-thirds millions. 

This is one of the societies hatched by 
that notorious mystagogue, J. C. Root, 
out of the mysteries of the pagan devil 
worship of Ancient Egypt, a society 
which has already paid out $20,000,000 
from an income of one-third of a million 
dollars, and whereby, says Head Consul 
X'orthcott, they have acquired a liability 
of more than $1,000,000,000 now "in 

It is not surprising that a morning 
newspaper headed a report of that open- 
ing session: "Breakers Ahead!" 

How many living members must there 
be in the order when the last dollar of 
that $1,000,000,000 now "in force" shall 
have been paid ? Perhaps it will be fair 
to infer from the number of living mem- 
bers of the order at the time the $20,000,- 
000 has been paid that it will require as 
many times 600,000 as 20,000,000 is con- 
tained in 1 ,000,000,000 ; that is, 50 times 
600,000, or 30,000,000 of members living 
at the time the last dollar of the claim of 
the heirs of 600,000 has been paid, which 
claim Head Consul X'^orthcott says is 
now ''in force." 

The population of the United States 
by the last censius is 76,303,387. If we 
subtract from this number all the chil- 
dren, all the aged people, all that are 
weak and sickly, all those unable to pro- 



July, 1901. 

vide a fair income for their own support, 
all that are unable to pass a medical ex- 
amination on account of unsound con- 
stitution, or that are otherwise disquali- 
fied to join the order, will there be 
enough in the remainder to have paid the 
$1,000,000,000 now "in force." 

If they can, by laying aside their mili- 
tary patriotism, go to other countries 
for members, and by that means pay the 
policies now "in force," they will then 
have policies "in force" to the amount 
of 2,000 times 30,000,000, or $60,000,- 
000,000. It is the sport of gods to make 
fools of the people that serve them. 

Under the mask of benevolence, the 
design of the order is the survival of the 
healthy, strong and well-to-do people, at 
the expense of the sickly, weak, and poor 
people. And even upon this base and 
mean principle it must fail ; even as the 
god of J. C. Root and his order would 
have failed to fulfill his promise to be- 
stow all the kingdoms of this world, and 
the glory of them, upon the Lord Jesus 
Christ upon condition that the Lord fall 
down and worship him. 

The mystagogue who founded the or- 
der tells that he went to the Eleusinian 
Mysteries for its ritual. It is well known 
to every believer in the Bible that the 
god of Eleusinian Mysteries is the Dev- 
il ; and that all who worship or commit 
themselves to conceal, the mysteries, be- 
long to the Devil, and not to the only 
true God — the God of the Bible. The 
Lord Jesus Christ refused that worship, 
and called the god of the Modern Wood- 
men of America a liar and a murderer 
from the beginning. Hence what an in- 
sult it was to truth for the chaplain of 
the Modern Woodmen to use the name 
of Jesus Christ in his prayer at the open- 
ing of their convention. 

In the ancient mysteries the penalty 
for divulging them, we are told, was "in- 
stant death." The Modern Woodmen 
of America had a death penalty with a 
prayer attached thereto, which prayer 
Northcott has omitted in his revision of 
the ritual ; but the death penalty re- 
mains ; therefore, the order is a murder 
society with a false religion ; for it pro- 
fesses to save the souls of its members. 

Indeed, sensible business men that 
have given the insurance principles of 
the order fair, consideration would never 

join for the sake of the insurance. The 
insurance is a mere bait to catch men 
through selfishness — a hope of getting 
$2,000 for their own families at the ex- 
pense of others. 

This order has the essential elements- 
of the beast of prophecy without whose 
mark none shall buy or sell. But that 
beast is the enemy of God and mankind, 
and will be destroyed as follows: "And 
the third angel followed them, saying,, 
with a loud voice. If any man worship 
the beast and his image, and receive his 
mark in his forehead, or in his hand, the 
same shall drink of the wine of the- 
wrath of God, which is poured out with- 
out mixture into the cup of His indigna- 
tion ; and he shall be tormented with fire 
and brimstone in the presence of the 
Lamb ; and the smoke of their torment 
ascendeth up forever and ever ; and they 
have no rest day nor night, who worship 
the beast and his image, and whosoever 
receiveth the mark of his name." (Rev. 
14: 9-11.) "And the devil that deceived 
them was cast into the lake of fire and 
brimstone, where the beast and the false 
prophet are, and shall be tormented day 
and night forever and ever." (Rev.. 
20: 10.) 

The January issue of the Freemason's 
Repository announces that the buriaP 
place of Benjamin Franklin is obscure 
and not well cared for; that no monu- 
ment rises over his remains, and that his 
grave is destitute of even a headstone, 
but is covered with an old-fashioned mar- 
ble slab, which was placed there a hun- 
dred years ago, and is now worn and' 
discolored by age. It offsets this by tell- 
ing how Franklin is honored all over the 
land by squares, parks, streets, towns,, 
counties, business organizations, literary 
and scientific societies, benevolent and 
patriotic institutions, and Masonic lodges 
and chapters, bearing his name — a mon- 
ument of remembrance and esteem far 
excelling anything that could be erected 
over his grave to perpetuate his name 
and record his virtues. 
—Voice of Masonry, February, 1898. 

Lodges and chapters are here said to^ 
bear the name of the man who, when a. 
nephew asked him if he had better join, 
answered: "One fool in the family is- 

July. 1901, 



♦ ♦♦ 

Olbcaton Cbristtan Conference. 


JULY 22-28 

H tetter to Tllinols Cndeai^orers 

:©ible StuDi2 an& Bvangelietic department 


IRev. /Hbilton lb. Xisorit Supt, XKIlbeaton. 

June 1, 1901. 

Deak Endeavoeers: 

I wish to call your attention to the Conference for Bible Study which will convene at 
Wheaton, 111., for the week from July 22 to 28. Similar to the great Northfield conferences, 
it will have some of the Northfield teachers and preachers. Rev. G. Campbell Morgan of 
London, England, Rev. R. A. Torrey of the Moody Bible Institute, Rev. Johnston Meyers and 
many other well known speakers will assist. The buildings and beautiful grounds of 
Wheaton College have been put at the disposal of the Conference. There will be abundant 
provision and ample opportunity between th* sessions for all forms of out door recreations. 
Body, mind and spirit can all be refreshed and invigorated. While ATheaton is only twenty^ 
five miles west of Chicago and so closely connected by many Northwestern suburban trains, 
yet it is an exceptionally pleasant retreat for a quiet and restful vacation. There will be 
special sessions for the consideration of Young People's work, led by prominent workers, 
especially along the line of training for personal work in winning souls. 

The only expense at the Conference will be for board and room, which will be com- 
fortably and pleasantly provided for one dollar per day. Grounds for tenting will be pro- 
vided for those who desire, without charge. I trust many Endeavorers will plan to attend. 

Yours for Christ, 

MiLFOKD H. Lyon. 




July, 1901. 



BE IT RESOLVED by the State Executive Committee of the Illinois Christian En- 
deavor Union, — That we heartily endorse the plan begun by our State Superintendent of 
Evangelistic Work and Bible Study for a Summer Bible Conference at Wheaton from July 
22 to 28. And we would urge upon our Illinois Eudeavorers to avail themselves of this 
opportunity to spend a week in the study of God's Word, and in deepening and enriching 
the spiritual life. 

Chicago, 111., April 19, 1901. 

A. E. MacDonald, President. 
Maey a. Ceane, Secretary. 

(Read in your next meeting, also ask your pastor to announce.) 


BEMEMBER the date, July 22-28, 
blessing from our heavenly Father. 

and plan to be with us. We are expecting a 


REMEMBER that there are no charges for anything connected with the Conference 
except "for board, and that will not cost more than one dollar per day. 

REMEMBER that you will not have an opportunity to hear Mr. Morgan in the 
Cetitral West this summer except at the Wheaton Conference. 


REMEMBER that Wheaton is a beautiful little city, and that the grounds of the 
College, which are freely given for the use of the Conference, are the most delightful portion 
of it. Cool breezes almost all summer blow through the stately elms, oaks and maples 
which cover the campus. 

REMEMBER that you will save trouble to others and increase your own comfort if 
j^ou send your name to Prof. D. A. Straw, telling him when you will arrive in Wheaton, and 
exactly what accomodations you desire. 

REMEMBER that this is a Christian Conference. The call is signed by the Presi- 
dent of the College, by all local Evangelical pastors, and by one hundred fifty leading pastors 
and Sunday*school superintendents, and others of the Interior. 

\ '■ f ■ '- 



^^ v.. 




S^^^^^^^" '•'^-^JW^^^-mS^lfSSi 



• REMEMBER to come expecting great things. God is ready to give them. We 
need reviving in our churches and societies. God wishes us to have it. Let us come together 
and receive it. 

Deae Feiends: 

I send to you the letter kindly written by Mr. Lyon, and the action of the Chicago 
Union. Northfield has been an unspeakable blessing to many tens of thousands of souls. 
It is impossible for all of us to go so far away; none of us oan go there every year. It 
has long been the desire of some of us to bring Northfield west, and now, in a measure, 
this has been accomplished. 

May we not hope to have you with us? If so kindly write Professor D. A. Straw, 
Wheaton, 111., that provision may be made for your comfort. In the love of Jesus. 

Fraternally yours, 


Sweet (sYnosuREi^^'^'^^' 

FAR Fixed 

Ifi Spotless Fields, 

hm In The Resiohs 

•<^OF THE <^- 

Polar Might, 
Thou Serv'^t 

Of all I wish to say of secret societies, 
this is the sum : 

Secret Oaths — 

Can be shown historically to have 
often led to crime. 

2. Are natural sources of jealousy and just 
alarm to society at large. 

3. Are especially unfavorable to harmony 
and mutual confidence among men living 
together under popular institutions. 

4. Are dangerous to the general cause of 
civil liberty and just government. 

5. Are condemned by the severe denunci- 
ations of many of the wisest statesmen, 
preachers and reformers. 

6. Are opposed to Christian principles, es- 
pecially to those implied in these three texts: 

"In secret I have said nothing." 

"Be not unequally yoked together with 


• "Give no offense in anything, that the 

mini>3try be not blamed." 

7. Are forbidden in some portions of our 
Republic by the civil law, and ought to be 
in all portions. Many European govern- 
ments hold Freemasonry under grave suspi- 
cion as a mask for conspiracies against throne 
and altar, in Prussia, Poland, Russia and 
Spain Freemasonry is prohibited by law. 

8. >4re forbidden to church members by 
some Christian denominations, and ought 
to be by all. — From address of Joseph Cook 
befoie Conference of Christians, Chicago, 
May, 1890. 



The Steel Strike 97 

Fraternities Unite on Hops 98 

Hazed and Hopeless Lunatic ......... 98 

Northwestern University Fraternities . . 98 

Obituary— Rev. Edgar B. Wylie 99 

Joseph Cook 100 

Notes for the W. C. T. U 101 

Hoodwinks of Tobacco 102 

Secret Societies in India 102 

Two Kinds of Advice 103 

The Church and the Lodge 104 

"Amazing and Amusing" 106 

Joseph Cook— Portrait arid Editorial . . . 107 

Reek with Perjury 109 

Knights Templar Charity Ball 110 

K. of P. Endowment Rank Ill 

The Morgan Abduction 112 

Maryland and Pennsylvania Visited . . . 112 

Female Woodmen 113 

From Agent Williams 114 

A Young Woman's Fall 114 

Plazuela De Guadalupe 115 

Orlando, Florida 115 

Senior Warden— A Seceder's Testimony. 116 

Odds and Ends 116 

God Bless the Faithful Negroes ... 118 

A Seceder to the Annual Meeting .... 118 

Voices from the Lodge 119 

"Fraternal" Insurance . 121 

Improvement in Business Methods .... 121 

Reese's Initiation Resulted in Collapse . . 122 

Scottish Rite Banquet 122 

Such Statistics as These on Oddfellow- 
ship 122 

How Lodges Secure Interest 123 

Elaborate Masonic Jubilee 123 

New Order Organized by Liquor Men. . 124 
A Newspaper Relic— Testimony of Dan- 

ial Webster 124 

A Holy Secret Society 124 

St.' Louis Christian Advocate Challenged 125 

Labor Union Spies 126 

Boxers East and West 126 




Published Monday, 
Wednesday and Fri- 
day, is in reality a 
fine, fresh, every-oth- 
er-day Daily, giving 
the latest news on 
days of issue, and cov- 
ering news of the oth- 
er three. It contains 
all important foreign 
cable news which ap- 
pears in THE DAILY 
TRIBUNE of same 
date, also Domestic 
and Foreign Corre- 
spondence, Short Sto- 
ries, Elegant Half- 
tone Illustrations, Hu- 
morous Items, Indus- 
trial I n f o r m a tlon, 
Fashion Notes, Agri- 
cultural Matters and 
Comprehensive and 
reliable Financial and 
Market reports. 

Regular subscription 
price, $1.50 per year. 

We furnish It with 
$1.75 per year. 


Published on Thurs- 
day, and known for 
nearly sixty years in 
every part of the Uni- 
ted States as a Na- 
tional Family News- 
paper of the highest 
class, for farmers and 
villagers. It contains 
all the most Important 
general news of THE 
to hour of going to 
press, an Agricultural 
Department of the 
highest order, has en- 
tertaining reading for 
every member of the 
family, old and young. 
Market Reports which 
are accepted as au- 
thority by farmers 
and country mer- 
chants, and is clean, 
up to date, interesting 
and instructive. 

Regular subscription 
price, $1.00 per year. 

We furnish it with 
$1.25 per year. 

Send all orders to THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, Chicago, Ills. 

"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; aud in secret ha?e 1 said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Assoeiatioa. 


221 West Madison St., Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second 
class matter. 

The x\ugustana Synod meeting at 
Jamestown, New York, voted 8 1 to 71 to 
sustain their Constitution, which pro^ 
hibits membership in secret societies. 
This was a victory that loyal men and 
women ought to rejoice in. The revolu- 
tionary party counted on a sure major- 

This has been a notable year in the 
number of testifying churches that have 
taken action on their law excluding se- 
cretists from membership. So far every 
church body has had a majority sustain- 
ing the unchanged testimony of the de- 

The pastor claims that he wants to 
instruct and enlighten the secretin after 
he becomes a church member, but he 
proves by his neglect that it is mere pre- 
tense. The spiritual life of the church 
is lowered, and its historical position rev- 
olutionized by such ministers. If they 
were conscientious and spiritually mind- 
ed they would leave the church instead of 
revolutionizing it. 

The trouble in those testifying churches 
where the law has been loosely adminis- 
tered is chiefly with the pastors. A man 
comes into the community who is a mem- 
ber of some secret society and the pastor 
instead of honoring the church by show- 

ing why it has such a testimony and in- 
structing him, mimediately begins to see 
if the church law can not be waived and 
the lodge man admitted. The result is a 
new member uninstructed and one semi- 
hostile to the church testimony. 

When a Christian woman marries a 
drunkard for the sake of reforming him, 
she makes a very dangerous and usually 
fatal experiment. 

A man, who will not give up his evil 
habits for the sake of the woman he de- 
sires to marry, \Vill be very unlikely to do 
so after marriage. 

So the church that receives into its fel- 
lowship a secretist with the expectation of 
reforming him has also made a dangerous 

The candidate for church fellowship, 
who will not cease from those lodge rela- 
tions, that are ofifensive to the moral sense 
of the church, before his formal recep- 
tion as a member, is far less likely to do so 
afterward. He may even plead the fact 
of his reception as sufficient proof that 
he needed no repentance — the church it- 
self being the judge. 

The safe rule is for churches and indi- 
viduals to ''have no fellowship with the 
unfruitful works of darkness, but rather 
reprove them." 


The strike is not for better wages or 
for shorter hours, but for future power 
on the part of the labor unions. 

It is a demand that no non-union men 
shall be employed in any of the mills of 
the Steel companies. It requires the com- 
pelling of some 25,000 men to join the 
Union or quit working in the steel plants 
of the country. 



August, 1901. 

Next month many a young man will 
take one of the most important steps of 
his life as he goes from the home of his 
boyhood into a College where new ac- 
quaintances will be made, new friendships 
formed and new habits acquired. The 
wise young man will seek a Collqge 
where he can escape the college secret 
society and its baleful influences. 

The Kappa Alpha Theta, a secret organiza- 
tion of college women which has been in 
convention here since Tuesday, to-day elected 
the following officers to serve until the next 
biennial convention: Grand president. Miss 
EdnaH. Wickson, Californiaf vice presidents, 
Miss Alta Miller of Illinois, Miss Pearl Green 
of California and Miss Adelaide O. Hoffmann 
of New York; secretary. Miss Pearl Green, 
and treasurer, Miss M. E. Scott of New York. 
About twenty colleges were represented at 
the convention.— Record-Herald, July 13, 1901. 

At Ann Arbor the proportion of stu- 
dents who are members of fraternities is 
24 per cent ; at Cornell, 33 per cent ; Le- 
high, 42 per cent ; University of Virginia, 
47 per cent ; Johns Hopkins, 46 per cent ; 
"^nion, 64 per cent ; Stevens Institute of 
Technology, 30 per cent ; Wisconsin, 22 
per cent ; University of Pennsylvania, 41 
per cent ; Kenyon, 50 per cent ; Chicago, 
24 per cent ; Wesleyan, 70 per cent ; Cali- 
fornia, 14 per cent ; Amherst, 80 per cent ; 
Minnesota, 23 per cent. 
—Chicago Evening Post. 


Steps toward the organization of the 
Hellenics, a new interfraternity of Chi- 
cago, were taken yesterday. At a meet- 
ing attended by representatives of the 
fraternities which have chapters in the 
university a plan was drawn up for ref- 
erence to the chapters. The object of 
the organization is to do away with the 
annual fraternity dances, on which the 
young men of each "frat" make ar ex- 
pensive splurge once a year. In place of 
giving these dances the fraternity men 
will unite in the Hellenics to give three 
big baUs during the season. Each fra- 
ternity is to be represented by five men 
in the organization, and these five may 
invite their fraternity brothers both from 
the university and elsewhere to attend 
the dances. 

Yale is subdivided into a multitude of 
little clubs and secret societies, most of 
which have degenerated into little better 
than drinking clubs. 

At many of these secret drinking clubs,, 
beer is delivered openly at their establish- 
ments. The tw^o medical societies are 
especially notorious for this practice. The 
Delta Kappa Epilson and the Psi Upsi- 
lon have beer regularly delivered to their 
fraternity halls by the case. 
— N. Y. Voice. 


Harry Craven, the grandson of the late 
Rear Admiral Craven, U. S. N., and the 
descendant of a wealthy New York fam- 
ily, was committed by Supreme Court 
Justice Dykman, at White Plains, to 
Bloomingdale Asylum yesterday, July^ 
1 90 1. The doctors say he is a hopeless 

Mr. Craven is 19 years old. It is said 
the boy's madness was brought on four 
years ago, when he was a student at the 
Annapolis Naval Academy. Young Cra- 
ven's main ambition was to become a sea 
fighter. One night, while out with a 
number of students, he was hazed, it is 
alleged, and from that time his mind be- 
gan to weaken. 


Lively Work at Northwestern to Secure 
New Members. 

Northwestern University fraternities have 
commeneecl their annual rushing season with 
a vim and vigor tliat threatens to overtop 
every otlier interest at the Evanston college 
for the time being. This is the time of the 
year when the college secret societies reap a 
harvest of new members from the new stu- 
dents and each "frat" strives with all its 
means to get the choice men. 

The freshman class has about two hundred 
members, and the fraternities generally select 
about one-fourth of the members of a class 
as available men to join their ranks. The 
fraternity brothers are working very hard 
trying to get their "spikes," and the men who 
are being rushed are having a good time of 
it. Parties, drives, entertainments, "feeds," 
visits to the theater and other attentions are 
being shown them. The man who is being- 
rushed is half-bewildered by the multiplicity 
of good times he is having, and thinks he has 

August, 11)01. 



struck tlie best crowd of fellows on earth. 
The fraternities at Northwestern are Phi 
Kappa Sigma. Thi Delta Theta. Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon, Beta Theta Pi, Sigma Chi, Delta Up- 
silon. Phi Kappa Psi and Delta Tau Delta.— 
Chicago Evening Post. 

The above is not only true in past 
years, btit is representative of secret lodge 
collesres and imiversities. 



Pastor of the Sumrnerdale Congregational 
Church, Chicago, Secretary of the Board of 
Directors of the National Christian Asso- 

On Saturday, the 6th of July, Rev. Ed- 
gar Blaisdell Wylie stepped into the wait- 

. After a sick- 
ness of about 
two weeks 

ing chariot from the skies 

with a compli- 
cation of pneu- 
monia, grip, 
and typhoid 
symptoms, in- 
volving much 
o f suffering, 
much of peace, 
and marvel- 
lous visions of 
the other- 
world interest 
in this world, 
he passed away 
a bout day- 
Personally known to many readers of 
the Cynosure, he was incidentally known 
to all of them. For ten years he was a 
member of the Board of Directors of the 
National Christian Association, continu- 
ing down to the time of his death, and 
during ten years he was also the Secre- 
tary of the Board. 

Born about forty-two years ago, in 
New Hampshire, he was early left an 
orphan. My first acquaintance with him 
was when he came to attend Wheaton 
College, fresh from a trip to the Rocky 
Mountains, where he had spent a con- 
siderable time recuperating from an af- 
fection of the lungs. Of medium height, 
broad build, and jolly disposition, he 

seemed a stalwart man, and held that 
enviable prestige through his academic 
and college courses — yes, through life. 

After his course in the Chicago Semi- 
nary he continued as pastor of the Sum- 
merdale Congregational Church till he 
had seen it grow from a mission in a fac- 
tory loft to a self-supporting, well-housed 
city church, where sound doctrine, Chris- 
tian living, a present Savior from all that 
is bad, a present Friend of all that is 
good, are the dominating ideas. No other 
man have I known who made the Christ 
life touch the life of the people at so 
many points ; and no other man have I 
known who built himself so wonderfully 
into the Christian affection and confi- 
dence of a promiscuous community of 
people as he has done — a concrete ex- 
position of the words, "Let your light so 
shine before men that they may see your 
good works and glorify your . Father 
wdiich is in heaven." He yielded not one- 
inch- to the enemy of souls or the spirit of 
the times in life or teaching, yet he was 
sweet and kind and helpful to all. He was 
a personal counsellor of the young men, 
a comfort and strength to the aged, a fel- 
low with the laborers and artisans, a pa- 
tron of study and music, a man in busi- 
ness, politics and reform. In the winter 
of hard times he was chief on the com- 
mittee of relief, calling for his associate 
committeeman about lo o'clock one cold 
night to go a mile west to relieve a famil\^ 
on Western Avenue, whom he had found 
to be without food or fuel. Situated in a 
prohibition district he was a chief worker 
to gather testimony and prosecute the 
"blind pigs" to their eradication. Only a 
little before his death he called for his 
deacon at g o'clock at night to go with 
him to the police station and get a man 
detailed to stop the Sunday base-ball 
which had for two weeks occupied a va- 
cant lot near the church. That ended it. 
Fie kept his people instructed as to the 
relation of the church to secret societies, 
and from time to time saw that ever}^ 
home in his parish was supplied with lit- 
erature upon the subject from the Na- 
tional Christian Association. Day and 
night, in order to be always in season, he 
was at the Master's work. In his church 
there was the weekly woman's meeting, 
Bible study circle. Endeavor Society, 
lunior Endeavor, bov Invincibles, mis- 



August, 1901. 

sionary, benevolent, indtistrial, choral, 
kindergarten, and young men's societies, 
besides a Sunday school of 250 members. 

In all his labor Mrs. Gertrude Hulbert 
Wylie has been an efficient helper, be- 
sides giving courses of Bible lectures on 
the West Side of the city winter after 
winter. Now, sorely bereft, she has gone 
for the present to visit her fathier's home 
in Rome, Ohio, and Mr. Wylie's friends 
in New Hampshire. 

It is a remarkable coincidence that 
within the last few months so many lin:es 
of Mr. Wylie's effort had been rounded 
up. He had just celebrated the comple- 
tion of the church building. This year 
for the first time the church had become 
self-supporting. A gracious revival had 
brought in new helpers. The city had 
built up till the place had changed from 
suburban to urban. And in near prox- 
imity they had celebrated the tenth anni- 
versary of his pastorate and their wed- 
ding. He did a great work. He fin- 
ished his course. His career isa perma- 
nent testimony to the abounding suc- 
■cess in our time of a devoted Christian 
life. His funeral on Mondayjuly 8, was 
attended by a throng of sincere mourn- 
ers, and a memorial service on the 14th 
packed the church again. 

(Prof.) D. A, Straw. 

Wheaton College. 


The long illness of Mr. Cook had re- 
moved him so far from public view that 
his death makes undoubtedly less impres- 
sion than it would have produced a few 
years ago. He has been among the re- 
markable figures of the second half of 
the 19th century. Whether he is sub- 
ject to a much closer classification is a 
question. Of course he can be placed 
among students and great readers. We 
met him first in the Boston Athenaeum 
library, where he said, 'T almost live 
here." A Boston editor and personal 
acquaintance says: 'Tlis powers of ac- 
quiring knowledge were enormous. He 
was an omniverous reader in several lan- 
^ages." If he may in this character be 
classified, it must be in the small class 
where each is virtually alone and each 
still takes his separate way." 

He unquestionably belongs to the class 

of orators, but with which group of ora- 
tors can he be classified? 

When speaking he reminded you of no 
one. The writer heard him first in his 
own pulpit, to whieh he had brought himi 
with no complete knowledge of the man- 
ner of man whom he was to introduce to 
the congregation. Often, afterward, we 
listened to him as to a man of his own 
class. In those days, when he was be- 
ginning to be known, he had a vivid Ora- 
torical style, picturesque almost to the 
verge of being florid. If we remember 
rightly it was an opening sentence in 
which he said : ''The Roman eagles, 
when their wings were strongest, never 
flew so far as from Plymouth Rock to 
the Golden Gate." 

A few pet phrases fixed themselves in 
the mind of one who heard him often ; 
"Looking north, south, east and west ;" 
'Tn the interest of clear thinking." 

His voice was ample and his person 
, large ; his look and manner were impres- 
sive ; force rather than gTacefulness may 
have been the impression, and one could 
hardly recall an attitude or gesture for 
which the first word occurring would nat- 
urally be "graceful." 

In fact, a friend ventured to report to 
us the remark of another, that, when 
Cook spoke he "turned a grindstone with 
his elbow." His style retained something 
of its former vividness and picturesque- 
ness to the end. 

March 4, 1901, he spoke in Park St. 
Church, Boston, perhaps for the last 
time. Close by the graves of Otis and 
Adams he gave a "prelude" on the sub- 
ject, "Does the Constitution Follow the 
Flag." The President, who wished the 
two divorced was re-inuagurated that 
day. Mr. Cook, speaking on this ques- 
tion, asked : "Does the rudder follow 
the ship?" 

The editor already referred to says: 
"Though he may have valued his 'pre- 
ludes' less highly than any of his pro- 
ductions, actually, from many points of 
view, they were the best, often elaborated 
mentally -a few minutes before he spoke ; 
they were instinct with his choicest quali- 
ties of philosophical insight, penetrating 
wit and happy expression. They made 
one query whether a magnificent journal- 
ist had not been lost to the platform." 

If we may venture one more attempt 

August, 1901. 



to bring him within a class, we mention 
his work as a reformer. Here he swept 
a wide field, and again allowed himself 
to be cornered with no special class of re- 
formers. We have been told that after he 
gave a great lecture in the interest of a 
certain unpopular reform other lecture 
engagements were cancelled. If he had 
been in the field before the war his name 
would have been enrolled on the roster 
of ante-bellum heroes. 

''You have been married since I saw 
you," said he one day on the platform 
after a Tremont Temple lecture ; ''I wish 
I could say to myself, 'Go and do thou 
likewise.' " That was what, not very long 
afterward, he did, and the faithful helper 
and companion who took her place in his 
paternal home when he was little less 
than forty years of age and in the height 
of his fame, survives to mourn one who 
yet answered No! to the question, "Does 
death end all." That it does not, both 
who stood together on the platform in 
that remembered moment have learned in 
a practical way, one by "going hence," as 
he used to say, the other by waiting here. 
They neither marry nor are given in mar- 
riage vet death does not end all. 




(Editors Note: The following notes are 
culled from a recent article by Rev. James P. 
Stoddard, entitled Fraternal Hands Clasped.) 

When a gifted, cultured, eloquent and 
thoroughly conscientious W. C. T. U. 
State President said, 'T can't give any 
thought to the lodge, I am wholly occu- 
pied with more important questions," she 
was sincere but mistaken. Had she been 
disposed to trace the rising stream of dis- 
sipation and shame to its source she would 
have found it, in many instances, in -the 
very region she politely declined to ex- 

A gentleman recently gave from his 
experience as a Royal Arch Mason the 
following incident : The lodge was held 
over a saloon. No liquor was exposed for 
sale in the room where they met. Men, 
and noticeably young members, were 
seen under the influence of intoxicants. 
A personal investigation traced the sup- 
ply to its source. New recruits were 

quietly served, free of charge, from the 
store below. The matter was reported in 
the lodge and its Secretary, the saloon- 
keeper, charged with the offense. It was 
proven beyond question, but the lodge re- 
fused to correct the offence or punish the 
offender. My informant persisted in his 
demand that something should be done to 
protect the young men, and instead of 
making an effort to stop the evil, the com- 
plainant was "expelled for unrnasonic con- 

A prominent opponent of the saloon 
said to Mr. Stoddard : "When I was a 
Mason I was a hard drinker and the 
saloon was my favorite place of resort, 
but when I became a Christian I aban- 
doned both the lodge and the saloon." 

Mr. Stoddard says that the existing 
connection between the night lodges and 
the formation of the drink habit is too 
often overlooked. It is noticeable that 
the saloon seeks the locality of the lodge, 
and that large gatherings of secret fra- 
ternities are invariably heralded as a time 
of harvest in this line of trade. All the 
liquor industries of Boston, Chicago, 
Washington and other cities, hailed the 
advent of Sir Knights with flaunting ban- 
ners, and the papers reported an enor- 
mous trade in "liquid goods." A clergy- 
man united with an Oddfellow's lodge in 
New York City and on better acquaint- 
ance with the "esoteric" of the hall and 
its adjuncts, he was surprised to find that 
one back door opened into a private bar- 
room, which, in turn, lead to another 
house which for decency's sake must be 
nameless. And when he had witnessed the 
ruin of two young men whom he had in- 
duced to join, he withdrew. 

Another clergyman, relating incidents 
in his life when he was "a fast man of the 
world," mentioned the saloon near the 
lodge to which members repaired for re- 
freshments after adjournment, and de- 
scribed the conversation and conduct at 
those after meetings as being at the far- 
thest possible removed from edification,, 
and sometimes from common decency. 
Wanton women found such occasions fa- 
vorable to their arts, and the lodge meet- 
ing furnished a plausible excuse for the 
late home coming of any who chose the 
"pleasures of sin for a season." 

While all who join the lodge do not 
become inteniperate or dissolute, the ten- 



August, 1901. 

dency is toward lax morals and loose liv- 

In some States Grand Lodges have 
gone upon the record in public prints as 
unfavorable to the liquor industry. ^las- 
sachusetts has never been guilty of such 
gross inconsistency. Some of her high- 
est titled and most elaborately decorated 
officials are in the liquor business. The 
lodge revenue paid from the proceeds of 
liquor sales by men engaged in that busi- 
ness is, I believe, greater than that derived 
from any other one industry, and the 
lodge gives in return the most unqualified 
support to the hand that feeds it. AVill 
any reader give a well authenticated ac- 
count of an instance in which any promi- 
nent lodge has been instrumental in abol- 
ishing or for any considerable time cur- 
tailing the work of a distillery, a brewery, 
a wholesale dealer, or a saloon? 

A 32d degree Mason said : "I have 
seen respectable men of good habits so 
intoxicated on such occasions that they 
liad to be sent home in private carriages 
in the early morning." 

The occasions were Masonic banquets 
which a 32d degree Mason thus made to 
appear worthy of the consideration of the 
AVomen's Christian Temperance Union. 


Smoking is all right for tliose who like it. 
in its place, but its place is not in a church. 
nor a Masonic lodge room during "business 
bours" or degree work; nor does it add to the 
dignity of the lodge for a presiding officer to 
sit in the East and make a smoke chimney 
of himself by puffing away art a cigar. Neither 
is it calculated to produce a favorable im- 
pression upon the candidate, as he first enters 
the lodge room, to have his olfactory nerves 
rudely accosted by the odoriferous perfume 
of perfectos, stinkadoros and cigarettes all 
combined. We have been in lodge rooms 
which were as gloomy as the streets of Lon- 
don on a foggy November morning. Hood- 
winks of tobacco smoke obscured the light 
in the East, which "none but Masons ever 
saw," and cast a sickly obscuration over 
form and ceremony. The lodge room was not 
furnished with sufficient "representatives of 
the lesser lights" to allow the brethren who 
-desired to do so to light their "butts" the 
moment the hour of refreshment was an- 
nounced. An officer who is so wedded to the 
Aveed that he Cannot refrain from smoking 
K^luring the short time of the lodge meeting 

should not accept office. Every officer should 
dignify his office, not debase it.— Masonic 

The attempt to associate lodges with 
churches in, the third line emphasizes the 
contrast. Smoking does not often obscure 
the view of a minister in the pulpit. 
Churches are not smoking rooms, and 
card tables are not church furniture. Re- 
freshments in church include nothing 
stronger than cof¥ee. When churches ar- 
range picnics or other entertainments 
they forget dancing. It is true enough 
that tobacco smoke would seem out of 
place in a church, but it would also be a 
surprise there. 



Yellandu, India April 29, 1901. 
Editor Cynosure. 

In a letter to my wife from ^Irs. Ken- 
nedy, of Wheaton, it is stated that ]Mr. 
Phillips is anxious for a letter from me 
on Secret Society Influence in India. 
I can't do better than begin with my tes- 
timony. Each year's experience and ob- 
servation confirms me more and more 
that true Christians have no business in 
Secret Societies. Yet I am compelled to 
believe that the power and numbers of Se- 
cret Societies is steadily on the increase. 

There is hardly an official of govern- 
ment in the Empire who is not a Free- 
mason. Governors, Judges and military 
officers and civilians are hardly in their 
office, till they appear on lodge lists. The 
Metropolitan of the Anglican Church, 
Bishop A\"elldon, of Calcutta, some time 
back, went out of his way to exalt Free- 
masonry and avow its spotlessness, as 
well as his own alliance therewith. The 
evil has such root in the land, that young 
men know that unless they become Ma- 
sons employment and rise in the same is 
well nigh shutofl. It is quietly laying I fear 
a bigger grasp on the missionary body of 
India. Not much is said of it. But the 
number of young men sent as missionaries 
from England and America who are Free- 
masons when they come is on the in- 
crease. I do not think there is more than 
one or two out of one hundred mission- 
ary societies working in India who ever 
ask candidates a question as to their se- 

August, 1901. 



cret society affiliations, or perhaps that 
care a fig on the subject. 

By much that I read in the papers I 
get from America I am compelled to be- 
lieve that my own church, the Methodist 
Episcopal, is becoming more and more 
fallen from grace in this particular. I am 
filled with shame to know the hold Ma- 
sonary has on the Methodist ministry of 
the present day. I do not think Dr. 
Dowie is wrong in calling it an ''Apos- 
tacy." I cannot but believe that the Spir- 
it of God is sorely grieved and the min- 
istry is becoming more and more bereft 
of spiritual power, by these unholy affilia- 
tions with the works of darkness and se- 
crecy. The multiplication of secret so- 
cieties in colleges is zealously shared in 
by Methodism, and nowhere do I hear 
any word of warning as to the dangers 
wrapped up in the drift toward secrecy. 
It is my conviction that many good peo- 
ple in the near future will turn their backs 
on Methodism from sheer disgust at the 
extent to which Masonry has bagged the 
church. It is even now becoming a ques- 
tion of conscience with many as to wheth- 
er they can stay with a body that so fully 
caters to Masonry. Comeoutism is every- 
where loudly deprecated. But secret so- 
ciety alliances is eating the life out of so 
many ministers and people, that many, 
after solemn protest against the curse 
that hath done it, will feel impelled for 
the sake of their own souls to go out. 

In Secunderabad, where I lived for 
years, and from which I am now but 150 
miles away, there are five lodges. I here 
give a list of the membership of those 
lodges as given in a directory about ten 
years ago : 

Chris- Mohame- 
Lodge. tians. tans. Parsee. Hindus. 

1 20 5 7 I 

2 19 17 4 5 

3 32 .. I 

4 25 . . 4 

5 12 2 2 I 

The last is a Royal Arch Chapter. 
Among the names I note two whose own- 
ers have been open and avowed infidels 
for years ; three other members are guilty 
of shameless immorality. Though living 
in open sin, they still remain members 
of their lodges in good standing. 

My sympathy with The Cynosure and 
the National Association is deeper than 

ever. God bless you all. I believe a time 
is coming when the true Christian will 
shun the lodge and the churches will not 
dare to support or screen secrecy, or 
openly or unrebuked allow membership 
in such societies. Dear Christian friends 
in America, I know such openly express- 
ed convictions have an aftermath ; there- 
fore as God blesses you, help me in my 
mission in India. I am now, as for 22 
years past, an unsalared Methodist mis- 
sionary. Yours in Christ, 

C. B. Ward. 



The Midland of Chicago and the United 
Presbyterian of Pittsburg, Both Denom- 
inational Papers, Advise the Church on 

The Midland of June 13, 1901, com- 
mends to its readers a statement of Rev. 
R. M. Little, that: 

Secret societies, as the church is related to 
them, are '*not a matter of profession, but of 
sanctification." That is to say, in their na- 
ture they need not be a term of communion 
to be considered in malting a profession in 
Christ Jesus as a personal Savior, and as 
offered in the Scriptures; but will be come at 
in the professor's life as a part of the process 
of sanctification. It is premature to spring 
this question at the time of his profession, as 
it would all other attainments, the applicant 
is to make in his growth in grace and in the 
knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

The Cynosure holds with the recent 
decision of the U. P. General Assembly 
that secret societies are "a matter of pro- 

If a Freemason cannot see the sinful- 
ness of keeping such obligations as : 

3. That I will keep a brother's secrets as 
my ©Avn, when connnitted to me in charge as 
such, murder and treason excepted. 

7. That I will not violate the chastity of a 
Master Mason's wife, daughter, sister or 
mother, knowing them to be such. 

So help me God, etc. 

before uniting with the church he is not 
likelv to see it afterwards. And the idol- 
atry of the Masonic religion makes it 
seem to us more inconsistent for one to 
unite with the United Presbyterian 
Church before renouncing Freemasonry 



August, 1901. 

than it would for a member of an M. E. 
Church to unite with a U. P. Church and 
thus hold membership in both at the 
same time. In the latter case The Mid- 
land would undoubtedly think that it was 
a case for "profession," not of "sanctifi- 

It is just as clear to us that the testi- 
mony of the church should not be nulli- 
fied, but maintained when the minor or- 
ders are the ones in controversy. The 
Modern Woodmen of America is a fair 
specimen of these lodges. It sought to 
remove all objections on religious 
grounds. It succeeded about as well as 
worldly and ungodly men could be ex- 
pected to succeed. We quote from its 
Oi^cial History : 

It is a ''purely secret society," and its 
ritual is modeled in part after Alasonry, 
in part after Oddfellowship, and in other 
parts after the "treasure house of ancient 
mystery — the Grand Elusinian rites." 

It is organized to include the "Jew and 
Gentile, the Catholic and the Protestant, 
the Agnostic and the x\theist." 

This M. W. of A. that would avoid all 
objections that a Christian might raise 
seems never to have thought of the Chris- 
tian as one commanded to be separate 
and not to be unequally yoked with the 
Jew, Agnostic and Atheist. 

Recently they have adopted the first 
Sunday in June as their day for memorial 
services, and worldly ministers and 
churches will be bidding for their attend- 
ance and the consequent collection as 
they now do for the Knights Templar 
Easter service. 

We do not think that a Christian has 
a right to imprecate death or the destruc- 
tion of his business if he fails to keep 
the secrets of a lodge. The M. W. of A. 
candidate says: "May I be dashed to 
pieces as I now dash this fragile vessel 
into fragments, if I promise not the 
truth." And there are other phases of 
the initiation that would lead a Christian 
to abandon the order if instructed by his 
pastor as he ought to be. 

A Christian will abandon the order on 
account of its funeral and burial services, 
which are the same for Agnostic, Jew or 
Christian. At the Cemetery the Consul 
says of the dead Woodman, "But the 
spirit has gone to him who gave it." 
"Mourn not his departure. He shall live 

in the eternal glories of his Maker." "As 
we have borne the image of the earthly, 
we shall also bear the image of the heav- 

Much better Christian advice is given 
in the United Presbyterian of May i6, 
1901, in an article by Rev. J. A. Ken- 

What Can Be Done ? 

We are a backsliding church. We have left 
our first love. We have not been faithful to 
that brotherly covenant by which the union 
Avas formed so happily. We have not "un- 
furled the banner of the church on this ques- 
tion," as the assembly of 1890 enjoined us to 
do. We have not adhered to, maintained and 
defended the church's testimony on this sub- 
ject as we vowed. Backsliding calls for re- 
pentance, confession and humiliation. 

If pastors will preach on the subject and 
develop a wholesome sentiment in the church, 
dispelling the ignorance on this subject, the 
church will soon be purged from the influence 
of secretism. 

, Sessions should labor kindly and patiently 
with those lodgemen that are in the church 
and endeavor to show them their error. They 
should not be in such haste to get men into 
the church, until they are led to see the error 
of secretism and abandon it. 

As to the so-called minor orders, a perma- 
nent committee of experts is needed to pass 
upon them as they arise, and report how far 
they conflict with our law. 

The theological seminaries can change tlie 
whole situation in a few years by hearty 
counsel, stiffening the moral backbone of the 
future ministry. 

Let us give ourselves to prayer for such a 
genuine revival of religion, by the outpouring 
of the spirit that we will be cleansed from 
all complicity with the secret empire and our 
reproach be taken away. "When the enemy 
comes in like a flood, the spirit of the Lord 
will lift up a standard against him." 


Ought Membership in Insurance Lodges Ex- 
clude from Membership in Testifying 

Remarks by President Blanchard at the 
annual meeting of the National Christian 
Association. Chicago, May, 1901. 

Ladies and Gentlemen. 

The question submitted to me is this, 
''Would it be better for churches which 
are opposed to secret societies to refuse 
admission to young men who are con- 
nected with various beneficiary organiza- 
tions, or to receive them to membership 

August, 1901. 



in the church and seek to wean them 
from, the lodge afterwards?" This ques- 
tion is suggested by the fact that the 
young men of our generation are so large- 
ly hostile or indilYerent to the church. In 
our cities, and in country places as well, 
a large per cent of the young men are 
connected with various beneficiary organ- 
izations. Some of them are opposed to 
the older orders such as the Jesuits, Free- 
masonry, Oddfellowship, and the like. 
They have united with these fraternal or- 
ganizations for the purpose of insur- 
ance, ^lany of them attend the meetings 
seldom or not at all. Ministers are rais- 
ing the question whether or not the rules 
which forbid membership in the church 
to such persons should not be relaxed, the 
thought being that some of them might 
be drawn to the church and ultimately 
from the lodge. 

Their Character Bad in Two Respects. 

The answer to this question depends 
upon the character of these organizations. 
That they are financially unsound seems 
clear from the very principles upon which 
they are constructed. As temporary ex- 
pedients, while the greater part of the 
membership is young, they may do, but 
when the membership grows older, death 
assessments become so frequent or so 
large as to cripple or destroy them. It 
is stated that over i,8oo fraternal insur- 
ance companies each of them involving 
the lodge principle have perished within 
the last twenty years. Almost every week 
some new name is added to this long 
death roll, but the church which should 
care for the material interests of its mem- 
bers is not chiefly concerned -with them. 
It should antagonize these lodges because 
they are financially injurious, but this 
alone would not furnish a good reason 
for excluding their members from church 
membership. Xo man should be denied 
the privileges of the church because bis 
business judgment is poor. The exclu- 
sion must be justified, if at all, on the 
ground that these lesser orders are one 
in principle with the greater. 

Freemasonry. Oddfellowship and all 
similar organizations are pagan religions. 
The God whom they worship is the God 
of this world. He is not God the Father 
of our Lord Jesus Christ. Their prayers 
are not offered in the name of Jesus, their 
creed is deistic, their ceremonies are de- 

grading to manhood and even dangerous 
to life and limb, their obligations are anti- 
Christian. If the beneficiary orders are 
of the same sort, of course the church 
should require persons Vvho are members 
of them to cease from that membership 
before they .seek to identify themselves 
with it. I am satisfied that the lesser or- 
ders, as they are called, are the same in 
nature and tendency with those that are 
called greater. The ]^Iodern- Woodmen 
of America when organized attempted to 
omit everything of a religious character. 
No prayers were provided, no Scriptures 
were to be read. The organization was 
declared by its founder to be purely sec- 
ular and to have no purpose except the 
relief of suffering and need. Yet the 
Woodmen have already a burial service. 
They are now asking ministers to preach 
sermons to them once a year and are go- 
ing on the Sabbath days to the grave- 
yards for memorial services there. The 
fact is men need some religion. They 
wish it, and when they are not willing to 
be Christians they make a religion for 
themselves. If this be the case, I am de- 
cidedly of the opinion that churches* 
should instruct young men regarding 
them before and not after they become 

Educate Children of Christian Homes; In- 
struct Young: Men Outside as to the 
Churches' Adversaries. 

If we allow that these beneficiary or- 
ders are evil in essential respects, and if 
we hold that young men should antago- 
nize them, the duty of the church is then 
to be determined first as respects her chil- 
dren and second as regards those who are 
not connected with it. 

As to its children, the clear and obvious 
work of the church is education and when 
this duty is done the church may reason- 
ably expect to hold the yotmg people 
who grow up in its homes. The churches 
which perform this duty have to a great 
extent presented their young people for 
themselves. Sons and daughters in Chris- 
tian homes should be devoted to the 
churches in which they are raised, while 
they are children. Christianity is not a 
mystery to be understood and accepted 
by philosophers. It is a practical scheme 
and so plain that a wayfaring man need 
not make serious mistakes regarding it. 
It is true of the church on earth as of the 



Au£?ust, 1901. 

church in heaven that men cannot sin- 
cerely enter it until they become as lit- 
tle children. If you examine the religious 
organizations which exclude secret so- 
cieties you find them composed very 
largely of men. If you examine churches 
which are not opposed to secret societies, 
you will find them largely composed of 
women and girls. 

The attempt to draw men into the 
church by leaving them in ignorance of 
the true character of the adversaries of 
the church has been a disastrous failure. 
There is no reason to suppose that it will 
be more successful in the future than it 
has been in the past. If the church will 
teach our young men what they ought to 
know, and live before them as she should, 
they will unite with the church and will 
not have to be coaxed to leave lodges. Re- 
specting the work for young men who 
are not reared in Christian homes, the 
idea of the church is still to educate. At 
the present time we hear much said about 
attracting people to the churches. Va- 
rious devices are used for this purpose, 
and they have a greater or less degree of 
success, but it is evident to any one who 
has studied the question that attracting 
people to the church for an occasion and 
attracting them to an intelligent and con- 
stant membership in it are widely dififer- 
ent things. The only churches which 
have succeeded in doing the latter are 
those which have preached the gospel, 
and thus met the deeper needs of the hu- 
man heart. Hired singers, entertainments, 
popular addresses and the like may draw 
a large number of persons to the church 
but unfortunately they will soon fall away 
and will do very little good while they are 

Abide by God's Standard. 

What is needed for the church is a com- 
pany of men and women truly converted 
and fully consecrated to the work of sav- 
ing others from the death of sin. These 
cannot be secured by any hocus pocus, 
but only by the power of God. This pow- 
er is not granted to tricks and devices, but 
to penitence, faith and prayer. Churches 
and persons who desire God may be as- 
sured of His presence and blessing and 
when they have Him they will secure all 
the favor with men that will be good for 
them. What our churches should do is 
not to lower the standard which the word 

of God sets up, but to abide by it and 
bring the people up to* it. This is the path 
of duty and of victory. 


The American people are great "joiners," 
and it is botli amazing and amusing to note 
in the newspaper reports how fast and furi- 
ous has been and is the multiplication of 
"orders." The process is systematically pro- 
moted by people who make regalias and de- 
sire to widen their market, but this alone 
does not explain the spread of the lodge 
habit. Human vanity craves tinsel and 
show and high-sounding titles, and in a re- 
public these are easy of attainment in the 
circles of the endless fraternities. Hence the 
lodges of all sorts in a city the size of Spring- 
field are quite beyond count, and growing all 
the time. It must be inevitable in such a 
multiplication that some of the orders shall 
languish, and it is not to be wondered at that 
those formed to promote the cause of temper- 
ance have been unfavorably affected. Thus 
the Sons of Temperance of North America, 
who are meeting in their fifty-seventh annual 
session at Charlottetown in Prince Edward 
Island, with delegates from the United States 
and Canada, have fallen away from a mem- 
bership of 500,000 in 1884 to about 75,000 at 
present.— Springfield Republican. 

W^e cannot but think the loss of ''sons" 
to such an organization a disproportion- 
ately small loss to genuine temperance. 
The two orders. Sons and Templars of the 
temperance kind, seem hardly ever to 
have been recognized as an efficient fac- 
tor in the reform problem, at least for a 
long time. 

It is a question whether the Masonic 
Templars do not accomplish more in the 
opposite direction at every "Triennirl'' 
debauch than the other sort do in pro- 
moting temperance in three times three 
years, not to say ten times. 

"Let the newly initiated understand,, 
that while he may receive other degrees 
hereafter there is none higher or more 
important than the degree of Master 
— Sel. 

That is the third degree, the last one 
of the ordinary Mason, and the highest 
of the Blue Lodge. All Masons of Scotch 
Rite or any other take the Blue Lodge 
degrees, and many Masons take no 

August, 1001, 




January 26, 1839-June 25, 1901. 

Joseph Cook, lecturer, author and re- 
former, fell asleep at his home, and the 
home of his childhood, Ticonderoga, N. 
Y., on June 25. He had been in ill-heaUh 
for the past five years. 

At the age of 19 Mr. Cook was grad- 
uated from Phillips Academy, Andover, 
Mass. A year after he entered Yale, and 
worked steadily at his books for two 
years, when, in 1861, he was prostrated 
by sickness. He did not resume study at 
the university until 1863, when he en- 
tered Harvard, where he graduated first 
in philosophy and rhetoric in 1865. 

In 1868 he was graduated at the And- 
over Theological Seminary, where he re- 

mained an additional year in order to 
still further qualify himself for ministerial 
work. He was 32 before undertaking his 
first pastorate, which was at Lynn, Mass. 
It 1-asted only a short time, and in 1871 
Mr. Cook started on a foreign tour. 

He returned in 1873, after having stud- 
ied one year with Dr. Tholuck and hav- 
ing seen much of England, Italy, Egypt, 
Syria, and Greece. Mr. Cook took up his 
residence at Boston, Mass., in 1874, where 
he began in Tremont Temple a series of 
"Monday lectures" on religion that made 
him a mighty bulwark against the floed 
of infidelity and higher criticism which 
was sweeping over the churches. 



August. 1901. 

]\Ir. Cook never made a more momen- 
tous declaration than that contained in 
his summary printed on the first page of 
this number. It and his quotation and 
apphcation of the \'''ermont law covers 
the ground for which the readers of The 
Cynosure have been contending, that the 
secret lodge system is hostile to both 
church and State, and should be banished 
from both. Yet he has based these prin- 
ciples upon so sure a ground of logic and 
rock of truth that they cannot be shaken. 
Men may rage at them ; they cannot dis- 
prove them. They will stand ; and they 
must prevail. 

A Few Newspaper Testimonies. 

At the northwestern end of Lake 
George a range of wooded cliffs separates 
it from the valley of Lord Howe's Brook, 
where this British soldier fell in the san- 
guinary contest which gave New Eng- 
land to the English rather than to the 
French in the old French and Indian 

Nestled under these lofty heights and 
looking west and south across and down 
this beautiful valley, lies Cliff Seat, a spa- 
cious modern dwelling, Mr. Cook's home, 
some three miles from the village. The 
farm has been in his family some 200 
years. The evening, viev/ from the ex- 
tended verandas across to the "procession 
of pines" against the western sky on the 
top of the Three Brothers, neighboring 
mountains, is very charming. Under the 
towering beeches and birches of the for- 
est glades on the estate are stone tables 
and seats and arbors where Mr. Cook 
was wont to do much of his summer work, 
a little rivulet fed by the springs of the 
mountain, furnishing him with a cool and 
delicious beverage and the soothing music 
of its murmuring flow. The house is 
filled wath the books he loved, and here, 
in the midst of these silent companions, 
with numerous objects of interest, gath- 
ered from many lands, around him, lay 
this well known public man in the serene 
composure of his final repose. His end 
had been tranquil and his countenance 
expressed the peace which had reigned in 
his soul. 

Many friends of his devoted and faith- 
ful companion from near and far were 
gathered together, and a large concourse 
of the people .of the town, by whom he 
was held in loving regard, filled the wide 

house and overflowed upon the verandas 
and lawns. 
— The Advance. 

Truly "a prince and a great man has 
fallen." His whole public record is that 
of a fearless champion of every good 
cause, and an uncompromising and re- 
lentless opponent of everything evil. Such 
men are comparatively few, and it seems 
too bad that they should have to be re- 
moved by death, especially before having 
lived and labored through three score 
years and ten. We do not question the 
wisdom of the divine economy, however, 
but the rather would we praise God for 
raising up such illustrious and godly men 
to bless the world, even for a single gen- 
eration, by their heroic service in the in- 
terests of truth and for the bettering of 
human conditions. He who translates his 
workmen wdien it so seems best to him 
invariably transmits the mantles of the 
ascended Elijahs to the Elishas whom 
he- has called and kept in waiting and in 
training, and so the work goes on, and 
shall go on. 

Till comes the King in royal miglit 
To crusli the wrong and crown the right." 
—Free 'Methodist. 

He was a bold opponent of all forms 
of religion contrary to that of Jesus Christ, 
and particularly denounced the entire 
lodge system. He was a bold defender 
of the faith once delivered to the saints 
and had no place for time servers. He 
will be popular with the inhabitants of 
that world whither he has gone. God 
will also keep his memory green for many 
generations to come in this world. 
— Wesleyan Methodist. 

The Chicago Inter Ocean says of him : 
"Mr. Cook was considered by many to-be 
without an equal for searching philsophi- 
cal analysis, for keen and merciless logic, 
and for dogmatic assertion of truth in the 
name of science. He was considered prob- 
ably the most aggressive defender of the 
orthodox faith of the present day." 

The Ram's Horn pays a fine tribute to 
Joseph Cook, the ''king of preachers," 
dw^ehing especially on the last of his 
"Monday lectures" in Boston, last March, 
and closing its tribute, as he closed that 


Ansmst. 1901. 


a 5' 

!K of Mr. Cook's 

lecture, witji 

*"I believe in the Ten Cc enis. 

and in tlie nine beatitude- : the 

seven petitions of the Lord's prayer : and 
in the four 'alls' of the Great commis- 
sion : and in the six 'whatsoevers* of the 
apostle: and in the strictly self-eA-ident 
truths in the 'cans" and *c?»nT«ots' oi the 
Holy Word and of : . - 

and that it is He • ~ - 

is to come: both exhaustless 
consuming fire: Father :^ - 
Ghost: one God. infini:^ 
b!e in ever\- exceller 
verse is the auto-ir^ 
acter and cross . ^ : . : .- _ 
ous self-m.anifestation : our 
Lord to whom '" : . ' -:" 
ion. world with : 

love ^ 

- --id H,., 


-. :he t'm- 


he char- 

— :st glori- 

Savior and 


President of jowa Bar Asscxri tion Speaks 
5'tartlinsr'iy of Courts, 

Council Bluffs. Iowa, July i6. — Presi- 
dent J. J- McCarthy made startling state- 
ments regarding the prevalence of perjur}* 
and bribery in. American courts of jusrice 
in his address to the Iowa State Bar Asso- 
ciation at its annual mer: ^ :his city 

Where is there a lawyer v - : 
seen the guilty criminal j>ass oiit of il;e 
courtroom acquitted and set free because 
of perjured testimony? 

"One judge of long experience upon 
the bench wxites me that, in his opinion, 
about one-hah of all the e\-idence receive* '. 
on behalf of the defense in criminal cases 
is false. 

•'Another judge c: .^/.repute 

\mtes that he believes J^ per cent of the 
e\-idence offered in divorce cases ap- 
proaches deliberate perjur\-. 

"Another writes that perjurv is com- 
mitted in a majority of imp:HTant law- 
suits, and that the crime is rapidlv in- 

"In short, with reference : va- 

lence of perjiu-\-. the time has corx when, 
in the words of another, justice must wear 
a veil, not that she may be impartial, but 
that she mJiy hide her face for shame. 

"Some tell us that the crime is com- 

mitted mostly in the police and petty 
courts, where, as a rule, the witnesses be- 
icioiis classes. But the fact 
: it is committed in other 
courts and by men professing hififh sta- 
tion in society, chur:' - ^- - " 

"Why do we exp^ ev 

in pros editing sc . p for steal- 

:i?g an overcoat :. .._. freezing 

hen the vxTecker of a bank, the despoHer 

" : -::e. the taker of 

zzier of thoiis: ^ 

v.^iippc^ oi justice ? 

""'AA hy does the press of a countrc wxite 
volumes on the Constitution's foUowine 
tae r _ the sanctirv" oi an o; 

give.^ c iiag and the Con^: 

their reai Sigiiincance is almost ignored." 
— Cbiea^o Keeord-Herald. 

All national evils are related. Xo one 
:' :^ has caused the a\T,~fii! disregard of 
: r :-vT^ ^^!>t^. The er^-tor oi The Cyno- 
^ 3phesied about 

:-!. : :. : .... :...... ji Masonrv" and 

secret societies that "Xo nation can live 
•'•"'" ■ :~ - -' -e any 

:- "^ : free." " 

lite prcSiviciii 01 - , AsSO- 

ciation shows th:.: : : . : . .::of fitl- 

Joseph Cook's Remedy. 

^: vas rh-c ad\-ice of Joseph Cook in his 
-^Idress on "Disloyal Secret Oaths"' that 
: :rse extra jiiuiciai lodge oaths be pro- 

h:' ■:,;■-.• law. 

illegal an 

..s mavle secret 

. her statures. 

~ jic by hue. In the Re- 

Cennont. as published 

don of iS8o. is the foUow- 

A person who administers to anoilier ;iii 
oatli or alfirmjirion or oblisr;irion in tlie nature 
of an o;ith. which is not reiiuired or author- 
ized br hiw. or a person who voluntariiy sur- 
fers siieh oath or obligjition to be adminis- 
tered to him. or vohintarilT takes the Siime. 
shall l*e lined not more than .^2iV» and not less 
than .<ji«>: but this section shall not prohibit 
an oath or affidavit for the purpose of estab- 
r.shing a claim, petition or application br an 
lutlividual or corporation, administered with- 
out intentional seirecT Jthis shows that where 
seiTeiv is intentional the oath is illesrali by a 
person authorized to administer oaths, or an 
oath or affidavit for the Terifioation of com- 
mercial iiapers or documents relating: to prop- 



August, 1901. 

ert.T, or which may be required by a public 
officer or tribunal of the United States, or of 
any State or any other country, nor abridge 
the authority of a magistrate. 

That is the law of \'ermont, and I beg 
you to notice that the penaUy here men- 
tioned has been doitbled since 1833. 

'^You say the excitement at the time of 
the murder of Morgan naturaUy caused 
competition between poHticians to catch 
the anti-Mason vote, and that in the swirl 
of public excitement Vermont was ready 
to pass this law. That law was originally 
passed in 1833, but the penalty was only 
$100. In 1839, six years after, Masonry 
had been superseded by anti-slavery as 
a topic of great prominence in politics. 
A^ermgnt doubled the penalty, and here 
she has kept the penalty on her books 
fifty years — $200 the highest fine for tak- 
ing an oath or administering an oath not 
provided for by the laws of the common- 

''Now, I maintain that in Mormonism, 
in Clan-na-Gaelism and in Jesuitism, it 
is hig"h time that we carry the Vermont 
principle, of making secret oaths illegal, 
through all our States ; and, in fact, 
through Freemasonry also, if you please, 
for the Vermont scythe would cut up 
Freemasonry. To use the admirable 
metaphor of the eloquent gentleman (Dr. 
Wallace) who has preceded me, 'Here is 
a scythe that mows through the whole 
swamp of the pestilential growth of oath- 
bound secret organizations. The keen 
blade of the Vermont Revised Statutes I 
wish to see in use everywhere.' 

"1 brought to the platform a legal opin- 
ion from no less a man than Daniel Web- 
ster, given when Massachusetts had pass- 
ed a law like that which is now in force 
in Vermont. It is astonishing what 
weight Webster could put into a few sen- 
tences, and how a whole topic would be 
covered on its many sides by half a dozen 
of his judicious clauses. 

All secret associations, the members of 
which take upon themselves extraordinary 
obligations to one another, and are bound to- 
gether by secret oaths, are natural sources of 
jealousy and just alarm to others, and espe- 
cially unfavorable to harmony and mutual 
confidence among men living together under 
public institutions, and are dangerous to the 
general cause of civil liberty and justice. Un- 
der the influence of this conviction I heartily 

approve the law lately enacted in the State 
of which I am a citizen, for abolishing all 
such oaths and obligations. 

"Webster, according to that opinion, 
would justify this V^ermont law, and all I 
stand for here to-night is just that princi- 
ple in its entire natural application. If 
Webster was a fanatic, if the legislators 
of Vermont for fifty years have been fan- 
atics, then we are fanatics for justifying 
this central principle." 


Amid the fluttering of white-plumed hel- 
mets, the clatter of swords, and the glint of 
gold-braided uniforms, the Knights Templar 
of Chicago and their friends danced for char- 
ity at the Auditorium on the evening of the 
22d of January, 1901. Three thousand per- 
sons attended this, the fifteenth annual chari- 
ty ball of the combined commanderies of the 
city, and, as a result, from $10,000 to $12,000 
went into the treasury of the Illinois Masonic 
Orphans' Home. In point of attendance and 
financial -returns it was the most successful 
ball of fifteen years. 

More than 2,000 men and women were in 
the promenades, balconies and boxes when 
the white-plumed knights of St. Bernard 
Commandery marched out on the floor for 
their opening drill. As they wheeled in pla- 
toons, countermarched into columns, and 
closed their ranks in the form of Maltese 
crosses and other figures there was frequent 
and enthusiastic applause. As they wheeled 
oif the great dancing floor sixteen little girls 
of the Masonic Orphans' Home, clad in white 
and with wreaths of red, pink and white 
flowers-about their shoulders, appeared. They 
maneuvered through the mazes of the "flower 
drill," the audience showing its appreciation 
by vigorous clapping of hands as the lines 
formed into circles and pyramids. 

Four heralds wearing medieval costumes 
then marched to the head of the hall and 
sounded the assembly call on their trumpets 
as a signal to the dancers to prepare for the 
grand march. Either column of the march- 
ers was escorted by sixteen uniformed 
knights of the Chicago Commandery. More 
than 400 couples followed the escort as its 
ranks moved down the center of the audito- 
rium. Then the music changed to the dash- 
ing air of a "two-step" and whirling dancers 
claimed the floor.— Masonic Voice-Review. 

Probably they wore the Mahese Cross 
on their watch chains, danced, to hymn 
tunes and quoted Scripture to^ their part- 

August. 1901. 




Money la Short. 

The readers of The Cynosure have seen 
extracts from time to time from The 
Knight of the wonderful Endowment 
Rank of the Knights of Pythias. A spe- 
cial session of the Supreme Lodge met in 
Chicago last month. A few extracts from 
Chicago dailies will show how precarious 
are the hopes of the 67,882 members of 
realizing the $1 18,281,000.00 insurance( ?) 
now in force. 

President Charles F. S. Neal says the losses 
sustained by the endowment rank have been 
greatly exaggerated. They will not amount 
to $1,000,(X)0, he said, but he would not deny 
that the investing of funds in properties prac- 
tically worthless has depleted the endowment 
rank's treasury considerably. Whether it 
will be necessary to again impose a special 
assessment on the 70,000 members of the en- 
dowment rank will be discussed by the Su- 
preme Lodge. 

A recent special assessment caused some- 
what of a stir among the members and if this 
is repeated, officers of the order are afraid 
that many of the members will withdraw 
their policies. The last assessment increased 
the endowment rank fund $127,(X)0, and it is 
said as much and perhaps twice as much 
more is needed to again bring the fund back 
to a sound basis. 

The charges made that $3,500 was paid over 
to a State insurance commissioner for a clean 
report of the condition of the rank will also 
be thoroughly investigated by the Supreme 
Lodge. The charge of bribery is denied, but 
members of the Supreme Lodge want to 
know where the report originated and if the 
statement is based on fact some sensational 
developments may be looked for.— Chicago 

The investigation was made at the instance 
of a new board of management of the endow- 
ment rank, and required for its completion a 
period of nearly five weeks. 

The report discloses that the rank met with 
serious losses in investments in coal lands in 
Texas, in certain of its Chicago mortgage 
loans, in its investments in the Lexington 
Hotel in Chicago, and in its claim against the 
City National Bank of Fort Worth, Tex. 

It also was found that disbursements of 
certain moneys, not large in amounts, had 
been made for which no sufficient vouchers 
could be found. It was discovered that for 
many years the rank, in reporting its cash on 
hand in its annual reports to insurance de- 

partments returned an amount which did not 
exist in fact — when, indeed, there were actual 
overdrafts and a balance against it. These 
overdrafts appeared in each of the reports 
from 1895 to 1898, inclusive. 

In May, 1901, instead of a surplus of $225,- 
807 there was a deficiency of $225,267. 

The books and accounts do not reflect fa- 
vorably upon the past management. No sys- 
tem whatever has obtained. It appears that 
the neglect reached even to the extent of 
omitting to properly balance its accounts and 
secure a trial balance. It should be stated 
that the present management is not responsi- 
ble for the condition of affairs detailed in this 
report, as the present officers assumed charge 
at a recent date. We believe they have made 
and are making an intelligent and conscien- 
tious effort to enforce economy, correct the 
abuses found to exist, and work reform and 
improvement in the affairs and methods of 
the society.— Chicago Tribune. 

The ex-president and ex-secretary will be 
brought to face civil action instituted to force 
them to give up $50,000 or more of the hold- 
ings and moneys of the board's funds which 
they are said to possess. 

A complete reorganization of the endow- 
ment rank of the Knights of Pythias order 
was effected by the Supreme Lodge along the 
lines of an increase in rates from 24 to 72 per 
cent. It is expected that the increase, while 
not radical or extreme, will cause from 2,000 
to 10,000 members to drop their insurance. 

The amount raised by the new rate will 
more than make up the deficit of $500,000 
and easily will succeed in settling up all the 
dearh claims outstanding.— Chicago Daily 

When broached on the subject of life insur- 
ance, men frequently respond in a semi- 
boasting manner, '-Oh, yes, I know I am 
liable to die, but I am willing to take my 
chances." '"My dear brother, remember that 
you do not take the chances,"' says the Odd 
Fellows' Review. You cannot take the 
chances. If you die it will be the wife and 
baby who are left empty-handed to battle 
with the world. They take the chances. You 
should therefore frame your answer thus: 
"Oh, yes, I am liable to die, but will let my 
wife and babies take their chances."' This 
does not sound quite so manly, but it is the 
truth.— Select Friend. 

This is true so far as it goes, but we 
must add that when you go into a fra- 
ternal assessment scheme instead of a 
real insurance company you still take 



Auo-ust. 1901. 

Jletti0 of ffiur Pori 

It has already been noted in these col- 
umns that Rev. Charles A. Blanchard, 
D. D., was elected at the last annual meet- 
ing President of this association. 

President Blanchard has promised to 
give to" the work considerable time this 
year if the way opens for addresses in the 
various educational centers of Illinois and 
surrounding States. Let every one who 
desires to hear him write at once to this 

Remember that Elder Lechrone,. of 
Ohio, and Elders Inman and Bonham, of 
Illinois hold themselves ready to enter 
anv door that opens for lectures. 

Rev. Wm. Fenton, of St. Paul, is not 
deterred by the hot weather, but is at it 
always and everywhere. Friends in ]\[in- 
nesota and AMsconsin can command his 
services whenever wanted. 

]\Ir. Paul B. Fischer has begun a 
month's work in the State of New York, 
and has spoken to fair audiences in Buf- 
falo. Batavia and other points. We shall 
look with interest for his report in the 
next number. 

Rev. J. P. Stoddard is visiting and la 
boring for the cause 

I'ou^las, Alton Bav. and Xorthfield. 


in Xew England at 


Tracts in packages from our headquar- 
ters for free distribution have gone out 
to \oluntary workers at the Xational C. 
E. convention at Cincinnati, to Xew York 
State, to X'ew England, to Mexico, to 
Brazil and a thousand Cynosures to as 
many different persons scattered over the 
country that will perhaps learn of our 
Vv-ork through its pages for the first time. 
Of the five thousand dollars needed for 
this year's work at least $i,ooo should 
be contributed for free tract work. 

The ]\Iennonite Book Concern of 
Berne, Indiana, has issued a very neat 
booklet of 83 pages entitled 'A'oices Op- 
posing the Lodge.*'" It is printed both in 
English and German, and sets forth the 

views of their church. It is a valuable 
contribution to anti-secret literature. 


Lressous on the Bible and United States Con- 
stitution, by an Iowa Farmer. 

A pamphlet of 64 pages of law and 
gospel will be sent free to every one send- 
ing three cents for cost of postage, en- 
velop and mailing. If you desire these 
booklets in quantities for free distribution 
write, stating your needs. 

Address all orders to the Christian 
Cynosure, Chicago, 111. 


AMthout having seen the book we ven- 
ture to doubt whether "Masonic Light on 
the Abduction of William Morgan,'' ad- 
Axrtised by a Chicago secret society book 
concern, "lifts the veil that has shrouded 
'this affair for so many years." 

The veil was lifted a good while ago, 
but we need not be surprised if a new veil 
for 3Jasonic eyes has been woven, or an 
old one relaundered. What this book 
might prove to be we do not affirm be- 
forehand, only we do not regularly look 
into a dark place for light. 


Washington. D. C. July 18, 1901. 

Dear Cynosure — The newsboy stood 
by my seat in the car yesterday and 
shouted, "All the latest novels' and popu- 
lar magazines, just out to-day." This 
statement sounded like that the lodge de- 
fender : "If you don't belong you know 
nothing." I suppose some people make 
such statements so often that they reallv 
believe them. 

^ly last trip has been blessed of God in 
much good. I find in looking over the 
book tliat I secured 108 subscriptions to 
The Cynosure, mostly new. As this is 
the harvest time we have been endeavor- 
ing to "make hay while the sun shines." 

Our meetings were in Garnett County, 
3»Iar} land, and Somerset and Blair Coun- 
ties, Pennsylvania. In reaching the 
[Maryland appointments we were taken 
over the X^egro mountain from Grants- 

Anaust, 1901. 



ville in a fwo-wheeled cart drawn by Ben- 
jamin Franklin, a donkey with short legs 
and long ears. When struck with the 
whip he wagged his tail, thus giving rec- 

We spoke in Lutheran churches of the 
Missouri Synod at the Cove, and at Ac- 
cident Pastor Geo. Blievernicht had an- 
nounced our coming and gathered the 
men. Fearing the church would not hold 
those wishing to attend it was suggested 
that the women- remain at home, and get 
reports from the men. As we did not 
pledge or swear any not to tell their 
wives as lodges do they could learn what 
the men could tell. These were the first 
meetings we have addressed arranged 
for men only. 

The Alennonite meeting which we ad- 
dressed at Tub and Casselman were well 
attended. Old friendships were renewed 
and new acquaintances made. Stops made 
at Salsbury and Meyersdale were helpful. 
At Berlin we responded to invitations to 
preach in "the Grove Church" of the 
German Baptist brethren and lecture in 
the progressive Brethren Church. The 
seed sown at this point has already borne 
fruit. Churches in this section, as also in 
Maryland and other points visited, will 
welcome lectures. 

We reached Altoona and Martinsburg, 
Blair County, on the Fourth of July. The 
TO. O. F. were celebrating their 50th 
anniversary in the rain as our train came 
into Martinsburg. The rain was doubt- 
less a great 'trial and discouragement to 
many. We chanced to hear one weary- 
looking parader remark that he would 
go and "get a couple of beers and then 
go home." A prominent feature of the 
street parade was the goat which the I. 
O,. O. F. "brethren" followed. 

A series of meetings were arranged, in- 
cluding a sermon and lecture at Clover 
Creek ; a sermon and lecture at Roaring 
Springs : a lecture at Woodbury, a ser- 
mon at Pleasant Grove, together with a 
lecture in Martinsburg. 

The interest in all these meetings was 
more than could have been expected, all 
things considered. Notwithstanding the ■ 
heat, harvest and rain many were reach- 
ed. Some gave up their lodges, others 
who thought favorably of uniting decid- 
ed not to do so. 

We wxre informed that there were 109 

L O. O. F.'s and 116 Eagles in Martins- 
burg. We would not deprive the Odd- 
fellows of the privilege of marching 
through the streets following their goat, 
indeed we thought they were to be com- 
mended fof their selection of a leader, as 
we know from the Bible the sheep are at 
last to be divided from the sfoats ; it is 
well therefore that the goat men learn 
to follow their representative here. Sure- 
ly any who desire the goat company 
should not be denied the opportunity of 
making it known. 

We spoke from 8 o'clock to 10 115 on a 
hot night to an audience, half lodge mem- 
bers, at Roaring Springs. We commend- 
ed their patience as we had good atten- 
tion and doubtless some will give heed to 
the things spoken. ^Meetings in this sec- 
tion were in church of the German iSap- 
tist Brethren, and Mennonite demnomina- 
tions. Some workingmen talking on the 
train, said they hoped by their Fourth of 
July affair to gain new members for their 
lodge, but that "Dunkard" preacher had 
spoiled it all. They were sure the."Dun- 
kards" had sent and got me just because 
of their efforts. 

Brother Jacob Snyder, of Roaring 
Spring, Pa., is superintendent of the Men- 
nonite Sabbath school, a young man with 
abilit3\ He has spoken against the lodge 
at a Sabbath school convention, and 
wishes to do more work in this line. He 
is a seceder and has the zeal of a con- 
vert. Friends in his section desiring help 
may secure his services. 

Several friends vote for Altoona as the 
place for the next Pennsylvania State con- 
vention. Are all agreed to this or is there 
a different wish? ._ W. B. Stoddard. 


When I see a woman wearing a little 
bangle, pin or badge enameled in yellow, 
blue, violet, green and white, and bearing 
the letters U. F. E. C. M., I know that 
I have met a woman that has pledged her- 
self to keep as sacred the duties of a 
Royal Xeighbor of America Lodge as 
thos-e of her own household. To show- 
that she (I use the feminine because the 
R. X. A. is said to be a ladies' lodge, al- 
though a ^L A\'. A. member may join it), 
has taken such an obligation I will ofive 



August, 1901. 

it in full as copied from the R. N. A. 
ritual by myself on March 2, 1901. 

Obligation of the R. N. A. 

''I do upon my most sacred honor, 
promise that I will not reveal or com- 
municate this work to anyone, except to 
one whom I know to be a member of this 
Society. I also promise and affirm that 
I will not knowingly wrong anyone whom 
I know to be a member of this Camp ; and 
will sacredly guard all pass-words, signs, 
grips, or unwritten work intrusted to me. 
I do, in the presence of Almighty God, 
promise that if I am adopted as a mem- 
ber of this Camp, No. , of Royal 

Neighbors of America, I will in addition 
to that I have already promised, obey the 
laws, rules, regulations and requirements 
of this Society faithfully and conscien- 
tiously, and w411 forever hold its interests 
as sacred as those of riiy own household, 
cheerfully performing my duties as a 
'Neighbor.' All this I do solemnly prom- 

You see that she takes all the obliga- 
tions of any other secret society and one 
more, that of holding the interests of her 
lodge as sacred as those of her own house- 
hold. Can a woman whose highest call- 
ing is that of home, wifehood and mother- 
hood (and there are no higher callings, 
no higher duties than these) ''conscien- 
tiously" take an obligation to hold some 
other institution as sacred as her own 
home? Can a mother without fear and 
trembling sacrifice a half interest in her 
boy or girl for the lodge member? Yet 
day after day we see mothers entering 
the R. N. A. lodge and they think in so 
doing they accomplish good service to 

We see good wives, who by taking the 
obligation imposed by the R. N: A., are 
unconsciously breaking the marriage 
vow. At the altar they vowed to love, 
honor and care for in sickness and health 
and keep themselves unto their husbands. 
In other words, the contracting parties in 
the marriage agree to have and to hold 
all things in common, a complete part- 
nership, a perfect partnership. They 
unite in marriage in order to successfully 
carry out God's plan in this particular. 
Their object is to build up the greatest 
institution that the Creator designed — 
the home ; but the wife upon taking this 
obligation ''solemnly" promises to hold 

something else as sacred as her home, and 
"not to communicate'' this work" to her 
husband, unless he is a member. 

Not only does she promise to devote 
one-half interest to the lodge, but she 
promises something to the use of which 
in the marriage ceremony the majority of 
women object, and which most ministers 
omit — to obey. Women generally do not 
like to promise in the marriage vow that 
they will obey their husbands, but when 
they wish to unite with the lodge they are 
made to promise obedience to all the laws, 
rules, regulations and requirements of the 
order. A good wife ought to prefer 
rather to obey her husband than to obey 
the laws of a secret society. 

Eld. Thos. Inman. 

Strasburg, 111. 


Sidney, Ohio, July 20, 1901. 
My Dear Phillips : 

I, arrived hom;e last evening. I have 
never suffered so intensely in all my life 
as in the last three weeks. The cause 
was a carbuncle on the back of my neck, 
near the base of my brain. I do not 
think one man in a thousand would have 
tried to do anything. But I woul-d have 
filled the appointments .if I had had to 

I had some very good meetings, not- 
withstanding it was the very busiest sea- 
son of the year. I spoke seven times at 
four places. I spoke four times at Zanes- 
ville, Ind. One young man renounced 
the Woodmen lodge. Friends seemed 
well pleased. 

I secured funds to send the Cynosure 
to twelve of* the Y. M. C. A. Reading 
Rooms of the State of Indiana. I can 
not write more this time. 

P. B. Williams. 


The Influence of the Rebekah Lodge. 

Editor of Cynosure. 

A copy of Revised Oddfellowship con- 
taining the Oddfellows' ritual and the Re- 
bekah's ritual was placed in the hands of 
a young woman who was a Rebekah ; in 
an unguarded moment she acknowledged 
the truthfulness oi her ritual as revealed 
in the book which she held in her hand. 

August, 1901, 



And she seemed inclined to purchase the 
book, but decided finally that she had no 
right to know the Oddfellows' ritual, and, 
therefore, declined to purchase it. 

Notwithstanding she had unguardedly 
violated her obligation to conceal the 
ritual of her order, she "healed'' herself 
by saying- that she would be true to hei* 
obligation ; that is, forever conceal what 
she had just then divulged. 

Arguments to convince her that she 
had been caught in a snare in that lodge, 
and robbed of her conscience and her 
money : that it was her duty to break a 
vow that obligated her to do that which 
is next to impossible without lying proved 

How shall we account for this young 
woman's blindness and deceitfulness ? 

She has given her heart to the prince 
of liars, the Oddfellows' god, and the 
lodge robbed her of her right to tell the 

As the spider said to the silly little f^y, 
^'Walk into my parlor," that the spider 
might suck the fly's blood and kill it. 

The Rebekah lodge is a black, ugly old 
spider that sucks life's virtue out of those 
who enter there. 

This, young woman knov/s verv well 
that she will be hated and persecuted by 
the lodge if she clears her conscience of 
that venom of asps which she imbibed in 
that lodge to forever conceal under pen- 
alty what everybody knows. She paid 
her money to the lodge for secrets, and 
now finds tliat what they gave her is pub- 
lished to all the world ; that is, they de- 
ceived her and cheated her into the be- 
lief that she ought to lie for them. So 
long as she keeps her obligation to them 
she is one of them — a liar like her father, 
the devil. W. Fenton. 


No. 6 Puebla, Mexico, 'NTay 31, 1901. 

Dear Brother and Friends of Reform : 

It has been some time since I have 
written to you. I have been working for 
nearly a year and a half from Puebla as 
a center. I made a trip to port of \'era 
Cruz, where the largest steamers of the 
ocean can come up to the dock and un- 
load'. I have canvassed that city twice ; 
the last time I was detained a little as a 
prisoner because I did not do business 

the way they wanted me to while selling 
Bibles and Testaments. In the City of 
Oaxaca I was arrested several times and 
taken to the police station, but was im- 
mediately released. Also while working 
in the slums of ^^lexico City during the 
first of the year I was arrested twice, 
nevertheless a great many seemed anxious 
for the Word and would even pawn 
something to get a few cents to pay for 
a Testament. Sometiines where the peo- 
ple are so miserably poor I have sold a 
Testament for only a few cents, and even 
for one cent. 

In April I went into the hot country 
to a river town called Tlcotalpam where 
I had good sales, and there they want a 
Protestant missionary. 

While on one of my last trips a ]\Ieth- 
odist preacher (Mexican) told me that 
most of the ^I. E. Church ministers are 
members of some secret society, and that 
he had been urged to join the ^^lasons 
three different times, and they lowered the 
initiation to fifty cents, but he would not 
join them, as he thinks it is a detriment 
to the church. His name and address : 
Rev. Xorberto Mercada, Tezontepec, 
Estado de Hidalgo, ]\Iexico. While Mex- 
ico is advancing in railroad building and 
mine-opening and erecting of factories, 
the priests are not idle and "the devil 
never takes a vacation." 

We have in our family three little Mex- 
ican children, whom we are raising and • 
training, in the hopes they will grow to 
be strong, noble characters and be good 
Christian workers. 


B. B'. Blachly, 
Agent American Bible Societv. 


Editor Christian C}-nosuVe : 

The number of persons that I ha\Te 
found who are approachable upon this 
distressing feature of our age and civili- 
zation has been quite limited, indeed. 
The class of people who are most ap- 
proachable on this question are those of 
the Christian Alliance, who are here in 
considerable strength. Free Gospel 
tent meetings held here in former years 
by such evangelists as Carradine, Cul- 
pepper, Lee, and in later years by more 
direct efforts of the Christian Alliance 



August, 1901. 

itself have been very helpful. Btit sad 
to say, during a recent ten days' tent 
meeting, that was largely attended, held 
here by the Alliance, not a word did I 
hear upon this awful evil. x\s the Ma- 
sonic and lodge influences, associations 
and effects are nothing more than organ- 
ized anti-Christ in their operations upon 
society, it appears a mystery to me how 
the Alliance can so loyally lift up Jesus 
and not see this awful obstruction, this 
deadly barrier. If there was any teach- 
ing on this subject I did not hear it or 
hear of it. 

We have an anti-secrecy circulating 
library of twenty-six volumes here. If 
any one has any anti-secrecy books 
which he will let me have, that I may 
loan them through our library, I shall be 
glad to hear from such. 

Jacob Shannibarger. 


Long Island City, N. Y., June 20, 1901. 
The National Christian Association. 

Gentlemen : Last November I was 
born again. Previous to that time I was 
a Freemason. I held the office of Senior 
Warden of the lodge of which I was a 
member. One week more and I would 
have been elected Worshipful Master, but 
from the time I was converted to the 
time I renounced Masonry and all other 
lodges I could not find any rest. But, 
thanks be to God, I have now found rest, 
joy and peace in Christ. Please send me 
a sample copy of The Christian Cynosure. 
I have lots of friends that are Freemasons, 
and if you will send me some tracts to dis- 
tribute among them, you will do me a 
great favor. Some of jhese friends are 
members of churches and are pointed out 
as Christians. 

Your Brother in Christ, 

Charles A. Lagville. 

The widow of an unaffiliated Mason has no 
claim whatever on the craft.— Masonic deci- 
sion in Georgia. 

Yet the craft has claims on an unaffil- 
iated ]\Iason. 

It is not vou that are to shine ; it is your 
— Punshon. 

§hh mxh €nh. 

Mrs. Banks: ''Do you have any trou- 
ble in getting servants?" 

]\Irs. Rivers: "No, Pve had five in the 

last two weeks." 

"Now, children," said the teacher, 
"what do you call the meal that you eat 
in the morning?" "Oatmeal," promptly 
responded a number of the class. 

The Proper Thing. — Mistress : "I hope 
I didn't disturb you and your lover when 
I went into the kitchen last night ?" 

Cook : "Not at all, mum ! Oi told him 
that you was my chappyrone." — Puck. 

She — "Goethe says 'Life is a quarry 
out of which a man must chisel himself a 

• "Yes, and then other people try their 
best to chisel him out of a character." 

Cholly — "Do you think your father 
will object to me as a son-in-law?" 

Bess — "No, I think not. He said, yes- 
terday, that he thought you were, a fool, 
but. I stood up for you." 

Cholly — "Very kind of you, I'm sure. 
What did you say?" 

Bess — "Oh, I told him he was old 
enough to know better than to judge a 
man by his looks." 


"Now," said the lawyer who was con- 
ducting the cross-examination, "will you 
please state how and where you first met 
this man?" 

"I think," said the lady with the sharp 
nose, "that it was " 

"Never mind what you think," inter- 
rupted the lawyer. "We want facts here. 
We don't care what you think, and we 
haven't any time to waste in listening 
to what you think. Now, please tell us 
where and when it was that you first met 
this man." 

The witness made no reply. 

"Come, come," urged the lawyer, "I 
demand an answer to my question." 

Still no response from the witness. 

"Your Honor," said the lawyer, turn- 

August, 1901. 



ing to the court, "I think I am entitled 
to an answer to the question I have put." 

'The witness will please answer the 
question," said the court, in impressive 

''Can't," said the lady. 

"Why not?" 

'The court doesn't care to hear what 
I think, does it?" 


'Then there's no use questioning me 
any further. I am not a lawyer. I can't 
talk without thinking." 

"\Miat have you got your head out of 
the window for?'' '' 'Cause nobody is 
earning a cent, and I have to look out for 
the whole familv." 

"I'm very much afraid I'll never meet 
you in heaven, Johnny," said a Sunday 
school teacher to a mischievous pupil. 

"Why," exclaimed the incorrigible 
youth, "what have you been doing 

A farmer drifted into a hardware 
store at ]\Iulhall and was asked by the 
manager: "Don't you want to buy a bi- 
cycle to ride around your farm on? 
They're cheap now. Can give 'you one 
for $35." "I'd sooner put the $35 in a 
cow," said the farmer. "But think." said 
the manager, "how foolish you would 
look riding around town on a cow." "Oh, 
I don't know," said the farmer, "no more 
foolish, perhaps, than I would milking a 
— Meoga News. 

Or riding a lodge goat. 


The Dying: Pastor. 

The pastor of a struggling church was 
lying in his bed ; three months' arrears 
of salary was pillowing his head ; his 
couch was strewn with tradesmen's bills 
that pricked his heart like thorns, and 
nearly all life's common ills were goading 
him like horns. 

The deacon sat beside him, as the mo- 
ments ticked. away, and bent his head to 
catch the words the parson had to say : 

The Janitor, 

'Tf I never shall arise from this hard 
bed on which I lie, if my warfare is ac- 

complished and it's time for me to die, 
take a message to the janitor before I 
pass away — tell him fires are for Decem- 
ber and the windows are for ]\Iay. Tell 
him when he lays the notices upon the 
pulpit's height, to shove them 'neath the 
cushion, far out of reach and sight. And 
when he hears the preacher's voice in 
whispers soft expire, that is the time to 
slam the doors and rattle at the fire. 

The -L'eacons. 

''And now the deacons — tell them, too, 
through all the busy week, to hang their 
boots up in the sun to hatch a Sunday 
squeak. With steel shod canes to poke 
the man who comes to church to snore, 
and use the boys who laugh in church 
to mop the vestry floor. 

The Whisperer. 

"There's another, too ; the woman who 
talks the sermon through ; tell her I do 
not mind her buzz — my listening days are 
few. Tell her to leave her mouth at 
home some Sunday., for a minute, and 
listen to a text, at least, without a whis- 
per in it. 

The Trustees. 

"And tell the board of trustees not to 
weep with bitter tears, for I can't be any 
deader then than they have been for years. 
And tell half my congregation that I'm 
glad salvation's free, for that's the only 
chance for them, between the desk and 

The Choir. 

"And a farewell to the choir ! How 
the name my memory racks ! If thev 
could get up their voices as they do get 
up their backs ! Why, the stars would 
join their music and the welkin would 
rejoice, while the happy congregation 
could not hear a single voice. But tell 
them I forgive them, and O, tell them 
that I said I wanted them to come and 
sing above me — when I'm dead.'' 

The Knil. 

His voice grew faint and hoarse, but 
it gave a laughing break, a kind of gur- 
gling chuckle as a minister might make. 
But the deacon rose up slowly, and 
sternly he looked down upon the parson's 
frown, and he stiffly said, "Good-morn- 
ing," as he walked out in his ire, for the 
deacon was the leader of that amiable 
— Robert J. Burdette in an Exchanffe. 



August, 1901. 

from ®ur JUatL 

Philo, Ills. 

God bless the Cynosure ! I'll have an 
open fight to make on secret societies 
before long. So far I have not lost a 
member to them, but they are becoming 
bolder right along, and more aggressive 
in their efforts to steal from me my flock. 
I am slowly training for it, especially with 
the weapons which the Cynosure places 
in my hands. Therefore I say, God 
bless the Cynosure. 

(Rev.) John Allwardt. 

June 5, 1 90 1. 


Xew Orleans, La., July 8, 1901. 
Editor Christian Cynosure : 

Perhaps a few words from this lodge- 
ridden, sin-cursed city wdll be of interest 
to your readers. I was sick the better 
part of last year, but God be praised, I 
think I have about recovered and am en- 
deavoring to be about my heavenly Fath- 
er's business. The lodge cactus is spread- 
ing its prongs and thrusting its deadly 
fangs into the heart of the most choice 
young trees of the church and sapping its 
very heart's blood. Many of the promis- 
ing as well as sturdy old ministers, who 
a few years ago were staunch anti-secret 
society friends, have been captured and 
are to-day defenders of Baalism ; one of 
the most able and interesting Baptist min- 
isters of this State said to me a few days 
ago: "Oh, Brother Davidson, I am a 
Pythias and I am going into the Masons, 
Oddfellows and Tabernacles too, because 
the time is coming that a man outside of 
secret orders will not be respected." Just 
think of such radical changes having 
come upon this dear man in a few years. 

On the Fourth of July I sat in the 
Second Baptist Church and heard a Rev. 
Mr. Hardaman, of Green Castle, Ind., 
kcture on "Independence Day," and 
among other things he said: ''God has 
specially revealed himself to me and en- 
dowed and commissioned me to go 
among my people (the negroes) .and or- 
ganize "the Royal League Household of 
Peace," as a means to save my race ; this 
organization is superior to and surpasses 

all other organizations, including the 
church ; this organization is divinely ap- 
pointed to cement all the varieties of col- 
or together and thus redeem my poor 
race." At the conclusion of his address 
Rev. Thomas Columbus resented his in- 
sult to the church, and I was also allowed 
twent}- minutes to reply, every minute of 
which I used earnestly contending against 
lodgery and for a pure church separate 
from the world. 

This good man's new lodge costs $8.50 
to become a full-fledged member and 
$14.50 per annum. It promises $1,250 
at death ($625 immediately and $625 with- 
in thirty days after death). Any mathe- 
matician at a glance can see the impossi- 
bility of filling such obligations. 

The true friends of righteousness who 
have some of the Lord's money to spare 
could not make a better investment than 
to expend about $60 or $75 per month on 
a good anti-secret lecturer in the South. 
\"ery sincerely, 
(Rev.) Francis J. Davidson. 


Rolfe, Iowa, May 10, 1901. 
Samuel H. S warts, President, and Wm. L 
. Phillips, General Secretary, National 

Christian Association, Chicago, 111. 

Brethren : — I have been deeply im- 
pressed that the several acts of forgery 
and perjuries against me to make the 
forgeries appear true, were permitted by 
Providence for the express purpose of 
preparing me for the w^ork of presenting 
Masonry along new lines, and making me 
an humble instrument in God's hand in 
the destruction of this foul blot upon hu- 
manity. It was not a revelation of the 
truth at once, but a gradual light on one 
point; then another, until the truth has 
become so plain to me as to leave no 
doubt of God's purpose in permitting me 
to pass through the humiliation of Aug- 
ust, 1898. It has been such a means of 
grace that I thank God daily that I was 
counted worthy to suffer for truth's sake, 
and especially, because he gave me grace 
to rejoice in the fact of my being called 
to sufifer humiliation. 

The Bible has become a new book 
since, because the Holy Spirit opens the 
Word along new and logical lines, which 
puts all doubts to flight. It is not on 

Aiisust. 1901. 



]\Iasonry alone that I get light, but on 
other lines of scriptural teaching. We 
make many wrong steps in not waiting 
God's time and ogen door for doing His 
work. I am learning patience or, as DaA'id 
puts it, to wait on the Lord. I would im- 
press upon you the fact that God has a 
time and a plan for bringing the right to 
pass. Let us not forget what Paul says 
in I Cor., 3:6, ''I have planted, ApoUos 
watered : but God gave the increase." 
We lose too much in misplacing God's 
work by our own. Let us have faith in 
God and believe his word. "P'or as the 
rain cometh down, and the snow from 
heaven, and returneth not thither, but 
watereth the earth, and maketh it bring 
forth and bud. that it may give seed to 
the sower, and bread to the eater : so 
shall my word be that goeth forth out of 
my mouth : it shall not return unto me 
void, but it shall accomplish that which I 
please, and it shall prosper in the thing 
whereunto I sent it." (Isa. 55 :io, ii.> 

I am out of all church fellowship : not 
from choice but duty's demands. I be- 
lieve God's word will not return unto 
Him void: and rejoice, because I am 
thought worthy to bring that word to 
bear against wrongdoing. The Sun of 
Righteousness will soon arise with heal- 
ing in his wings : and the truth given by 
Peter and John after lieahng the blind 
man will be better "understood, Acts 3: 
19, 20, 21 plainly tells us that the times 
of restitution oi all things is after Christ's 

That the Holy Spirit would open the 
eyes of those attending the annual meet- 
ing to see the proper thing to do is the 
prayer of your fellow worker. 
Respectfullv Yours. 

T. I. Bruce. 

It is. alas I easy to lose God in discus- 
sions about God. The network of lolsric 
can never be made too strong, but it 
ought always to remain network ; that is, 
we ought always to be able to see God 
Himself through the meshes of all argu- 
ments concerning Him. 
—The Rev. A. J. Harrison. 

Every to-morrow has two handles. We 
can take hold of it by the handle of anx- 
iety or the handle of faith. 

Jloices from tlje ^oHl 

"There are some members who leave 
the order as soon as they have received 
large sums in the way of benefits."' 
—Manchester Union. 

They go, having got about what they 

The Grand blaster of Illinois has 
issued a decree prohibiting the use of 
robes, uniforms, etc., in the degree work. 
—Texas Freemason. 

Of course he spares the white aprons. 

The various lodges, of which there are 
a large number in London, formerly had 
no numbers, but were known by the 
names of the public houses' where they 
met. — ^1. B. Waters. 
—Copied in the Tyler. 

They are still partial to public houses. 

A correspondent of the Xorthern Bug- 
get of Troy, X. Y., who visited a London 
lodge, says : "}^Iasonry is not quite as 
progressive in England as it is in the 
States. Some of the lodges commence 
their work at 4 p. m. and some at 6 p. m.'' 

Xow what does that mean ? 

On the 13th of July next a century 
will have passed since Freemasonry was 
interdicted in Austria, which up to the 
present day has never been removed. 

By the above the Texas Freemason 
probably means that the interdiction has 
not been removed, though what it says 
is that Austria has not been removed. 

On account of the publicity given to 
the occasion when Kilwinning ^lasonic 
Lodge worked the first degree in kilts, a 
few weeks ago, the lodge has received an 
invitation from Canada to go to the Do- 
minion and work the degree in kilts 
there. A number of Canadian Masons 
were at the meeting of the Grand Lodge 
in X'ew York last week, and Kilwinning 
Lod^ge's innovation was brought out in 
discussion. It is likely that a date will 
soon be arranged for their visit to Mon- 
—New York Tribune. 

How perfectly lovely ! 



Aiio-ust. 1901. 

The brother who keeps only posted in 
the rituaUstic work of Freemasonry and 
is ignorant of its laws and philosophy, is 
like a knife blade which is bright on one 
side and covered with rust on the other. 
—Texas Freemason. 

But is there such an agreement upon 
laws and philosophy as encourages the 

It is a sad fact that there are yet too 
many ^lasonic hearthstones where the 
widow sits weeping alone ; that the tears 
of too many ]\lasonic orphans are suffer- 
ed to flow unchecked ; that too many 
stricken ^lasonic households ane shroud- 
ed in gloom into which no ray of ^Mason- 
ic cheer and encouragement ever enter. 
—Grand Master F.T. Lod^e. 

In the evening the highest ceremonies 
took place. At the banquet at the end 
of this day the guests were waited on by 
fifty of the ladies of the Episcopal 
Church. One of the addresses at the 
banquet was on 'Water, Its Uses and 
Abuses." '' 
-American Tyler. April 1, 1899. 

Which was done at the banquet or in 
tbe speech; was water used or abused? 

Masonry is supposed to have more 
heart than metal. All metal is supposed 
to have been taken from ^Masonry, but 
that is often found to be a mistake on a 
test of charity, the entire body being 
found to be metallic, but not one ounce 
available for the assistance of needy hu- 
—Texas Free Mason. 

And yet Charity is a word much used 
in ^lasonic glorification. 

IMasonic statistics regarding the mem- 
bership of the craft in Xorth America, 
lately completed, show that on January 
I the total membership was 817,009, in 
•which California stands fourteenth, with 
18,808. The largest membership is Xew 
York, with 93,271 ; the smallest, Arizona, 
with 618. The largest number taking 
the degrees the past year was in Xew 
York, with 5.757 ; the smallest, X'evada, 
15. Total accessions, 42.337; total 
deaths, 12,687. 
—American Tyler. 

Of these accessions ^mariy will drop 
out again, according to the common rule. 

In all visits of the writer to Kansas 
lodges he did not see "the health of the 
A\\ M. most heartily drunk," or the 
"thorough Irish enthusiasm" displayed 
in the manner in which our Eastern 
brothers do. 
— Ame ican Tyler. 

Kansas is a kind of constitutionally 
prohibitory anti-]\Iasonic state, anvwav. 

The first three degrees must be taken 
for their own intrinsic worth, and should 
never be considered as merely a neces- 
sary requirement to obtain admission in- 
to the upper bodies. In this way only 
can their value be preserved. 
— Grand Orator H ne. Voice of Masonry. 

These constitute the Blue Lodge, in 
which the pretended Temple legend and 
the Hiram myth appear. 

Speaking of a ^lethodist minister who 
attended a Scottish Rite banquet at Ho- 
tel Iroquois, Buftalo, ]\Iarch 31. 1899, 
the' Tyler says : ''Throughout his -ad- 
dress Bro. Albertson was continually 
greeted with the Chautauqua salute.'' 

The Tyler adds that "about 350 Ma- 
sons remained for the closing of the ban- 
quet at I 130 o'clock in the morning.'' 

X'ow it remains for the Chautauqua 
Assembly to return the compliment by 
continuing to drink till half-past one 
some night, in order to wind up with a 
IMasonic toast. 

At the late triennial Past Grand ]\Ias- 
ter ]VlcCurdy, with an eye always open to 
the best welfare of the commanderies, 
added an amendment to one of the laws 
which permits commanderies to attend 
Divine services without a formal dispen- 
sation from the Grand Commander. And 
why not? Heretofore, commanderies 
were prohibited from turning out to at- 
tend Divine services on Easter Sunday or 
Ascension Day without a special dispen- 
sation. The Statutes of the Grand En- 
campment, Title xxxiii, section 21, now 
reads as follows : ''Commanderies shall 
not appear in public, as such, without a 
dispensation, except upon funeral occa- 
sions, or to attend Divine services." 
—American Tyler, April 1, 1899. 

Members of the commanderies need to 
attend church, but it would be better to 
leave their fuss and feathers at home. 

August, 1901. 



3Iftti0patier0 mh Morm. 


brotherly love proclaimed by the gospel 
of Christ. We may trust him, but we 
cannot trust these orders. 
— Wesleyan Methodi.>t, April 24, 1901. 


The certificates of these orders are very 
craftily worded. Contrary to what is 
generally believed, no definite sum is 
promised the insured. I have examined 
quite a number of certificates and they all 
read alike. A man joins one of these or- 
ders and he is given to understand that he 
is insured for S2,ooo, but the organiza- 
tion has never promised to pay him that 
sum, or in fact any other definite sum. A 
lady, whose husband was in one of these 
orders, complained to me because his in- 
surance had been cut down from $5,000 
to $3,500. She was going to see a law- 
yer about it. I told her that she had no 
case, inasmuch as the society had not 
really promised to pay even the smaller 
sum, and if it wanted to reduce the insur- 
ance to $1,500, she could not help herself. 
She thought I was mistaken, but when 
she came to examine the certificate, she 
found just what I had told her she would 
find — instead of a definite promise, the 
words "a sum not exceeding five thou- 
sand dollars." Of course the last three 
words stood out very prominently in large 
black letters in the center of the cenificate 
— the other words were in small type. 
Suppose the managing board should de- 
cree that circumstances necessitated the 
reducing the amount of the insurance to 
S500 how is the insured going to help 
himself? He cannot do it. I know it 
will be argued that these orders have 
paid the full amount indicated on their 
certificates. I know they have, but they 
cannot always do it. Sooner or later 
there will come a collapse. 

So far as the fraternal pan is con- 
cerned, it sounds very well, but you will 
find very little brotherly love in any of 
these organizations. Get into a hard 
place : for instance, get out of work, and 
see if the brotherly love of the organiza- 
tion will stand by you. It will not do it. 
It is always pay up or get out. Is that 
real fraternity which deserts another in 
the hour of his need? Whatever the 
world mav call it, it is not the kind of 

Notwithstanding the fact that a radical 
change from the "pass-the hat" plan, and in- 
definite cost was made during the year of 
1900, the Knights of the Loyal Guard had 
five thousand nine hundred and two members 
in good standing on Jan. 1. 1901. according 
to the sworn statement of the Supreme Re- 
corder General. The monthly payment plan, 
which definitely fixes the cost of each mem- 
ber's allowance, has proven more popular 
than the old system ever did.— Loyal Guard. 

It is better, but it is a question whether 
it will be permanently more popular with 
the class that turns away from real insur- 
ance and prefers hat passing or "monkey 
bridge" schemes. 


Paper by President Chas. E. Eonnell of the 
National Fraternal Congress. 

(Written for National Fraternal Press Association.) 

You ask me for a brief article on some sub- 
ject of paramount importance to our socie- 
ties.' Complying would say, "Improvement 
of Business Methods"' is to my mind the 
question of the hour. 

I say this with the knowledge that the ma- 
jority, if not all. of our societies are managed 
by able, efficient, energetic and honest offi- 
cers: but some are environed by laws and 
regulations based on exploded theories and 
ideas. In the light of present experience it 
would seem as though in the past we ex- 
pected any scheme, no matter how inconsist- 
ent or impossible, by the aid of the magic 
word "fraternity" to become both consistent 
and possible. 

Much fraternal history has been made in 
the past five years: much more will be made 
in the next half decade. A long step in the 
right direction was taken in the unanimous 
action in favor of minimum rates by our Na- 
tional Fraternal Congress at its Boston ses- 
sion. Another will have been taken when 
our societies secure legislative enactments in 
accord with the National Fraternal Congress 
recommendations. Then will come the test 
of our courage in bringing our old societies 
up to the standard. Many pet" theories have 
been exploded by experience. The reserve in 
the pocket to meet increased cost is never 
there. Average membership, age. and mortu- 
ary liability, do not travel hand in hand. 

Infusion of new blood alone will not per- 



August, 1901. 

petuate a society; a rapid increase of mem- 
bership on an insufficient rate is not an ele- 
ment of strengtli. Each member adds a mor- 
tuary liability that must be met or defaulted 
unless an adequate asset is provided. How 
many are doing this? At the end of this 
decade the successful society will be that 
which makes adequate collections for prom- 
ised benefits. Let us educate our member- 
ship to understand that the same inflexible 
rules of business common sense must be ap- 
plied to the conduct of fraternal affairs as is 
necessary in commercial enterprises; then 
they will understand that $1,000 of protec- 
tion in a society that is right is better than 
^3,000 in one where you must die soon to be 
sure of winning. 

We are not quite prepared to believe 
that even the Fraternal Congress, able as 
it appears to be, will succeed in remedy- 
ing the defects of fraternal insurance. But 
we are inclined to credit it with the ability 
as well as the obvious purpose to check 
abuses to some extent. The whole mat- 
ter sadly needs overhauling and the Fra- 
ternal Congress is, perhaps, the most sub- 
stantial hope of those who persist in pre- 
ferring orders to regular business enter- 
prises, soundly conducted and safely 


George Reese, 29 years, of 2527 Arizona 
street, Philadelphia, Pa., became unconscious 
after going through an initiation as a mem- 
ber of Allegheny Court, No. 255, Order of 
Foresters, Monday night, June 10, 1901. He 
^^as taken to the Samaritan Hospital, where 
Dr. Davies and an assistant restored him to 
consciousness several hours later. 

Reese was admitted to the hospital early 
in the morning from Joseph Wensinger's ho- 
tel, 22d street and Allegheny avenue, where 
Court No. 255 of the Foresters meets. Dr. 
Davies, who answered the ambulance call, 
was informed by several members of the 
court, who had vainly endeavored to revive 
Reese, that he had been overcome by the 
Tieat. "The man's appearance, however," 
said Dr. Davies, "convinced me that he had 
T^een shocked by electricity, and I so informed 
several members of the Foresters who were 
with him. They then admitted that Reese 
liad fallen unconscious while getting 'the 
electric shave,' which, I understand, is ad- 
ministered by stroking the cheeks with the 
liandles of an ordinary electric battery. This 
is a dangerous toy in the hands of men who 

know little or nothing of electricity or anat- 
omy. I am told that a number of other can- 
didates who preceded Reese stood the 'shave' 
all right, but that proves nothing. The re- 
sisting power of men to electricity varies. It 
is quite possible to administer a powerful 
shock to the brain centers through the cra- 
nial nerves, which can be easily reached 
through the muscles of the face." 

Reese was seen by the reporter in the hospi- 
tal. He complained of the treatment he had 
received, and showed numerous livid marks 
on his back and limbs, which he said were 
received during the initiation ceremonies. "I 
was blindfolded," said Reese, "so I could not 
tell who it was that punished me. There 
were about 150 men in the room. When they 
first applied the electric shock to my chin I 
told them that it was too strong, and asked 
them to stop. Instead of doing so, however, 
they kept pushing it higher and higher, till it 
got to my temples. I felt a sharp pain pass 
through my head and down my back, and 
that's all I remember till I found myself here. 
Before I got the 'electric shave,' as they call 
'it, I was beaten with what seemed to be 
stic'ks. One of the men held his hands over 
my mouth, so I could not shout." 


The Initiates Pay the Expease. 

Wichita, Kan., April i8. — Nearly 
seven hundred Scottish rite Masons ban- 
queted here to-night, the feast being the 
culmination of a consistory jubilee, dur- 
ing which 170 candidates were given from 
the fourth to the thirty-second degree. 
To-night's function was very elaborate, 
the adornments in Masonic symbols be- 
ing especially artistic. 

All the speakers were thirty-third de- 
gree Masons. The receipts of the local 
consistory from initiation fees were $20,- 
400. The banquet cost $7,000. 


Oddfellow Benevolence in Texas. 

The benevolence of the lodge is the 
salve so generally rubbed into the sore 
of its Christless worship. What an ex- 
pensive item such benevolence is, we see 
from the report of the Grand Lodge of 
Oddfellows in Texas. The sixty-first 
meeting of this body took place in Dal- 
las. Even the brethren of the lodge were 
amazed at the financial report of Grand 

August 1901. 



Master Anderson. The Grand Lodge 
paid over $134,393.46 to the local lodges. 
Of this large amount only $28,362.48 
were devoted to the support of widows 
and orphans and the payment of funeral 
expenses. Of the remaining $106,028.98, 
exactly $100,225.07 were expended to 
defray the cost of administration. Some- 
thing over $5,000 are yet in the treasury. 
To use the words of the Grand Master : 
'Tt has cost us $100,225.07 in order to 
pay $28,342.48 for the purpose of visit- 
ing the sick, aiding the afflicted, burying 
the dead and educating the orphans." 
The salaries of the officers and agents of 
the lodges, banquets, etc., swallow, ac- 
cording to their own statement, the larger 
part of the contributions of the members. 
That is not benevelonce. That is not 
business. That is inexcusable waste. And 
one by one they are breaking up and the 
poor people lose their earnings. 
—Lutheran Standard, June 8, 1901. 


The report recently current in the daily 
papiers purporting to come from Rome 
and announcing a change in the attitude 
of the church toward condemned secret 
societies has-been most emphatically 
contradicted by the Most Rev. Archbish- 
op Martinelli, Apostolic Delegate to the 
United States. 

'There has come absolutely no decree 
of any kind from any source in Roma 
changing or modifying in the least the 
discipline of the church with regard to 
Freemasons or members of other con- 
demned societies," said the archbishop, 
when the question was put to him. "At 
most, there may have been a simple an- 
swer to some question concerning the 
burial of a person who had been a Freje- 
mason, w^hich answer did no more than 
express the well-known teaching of -all 
moral theologians, namely, that if a man 
who has been a member of such con- 
denmed society before dying gives mani- 
fest signs of repentance and of a sincere 
desire to be reconciled with the church, 
he may receive Catholic burial, without, 
however, the use of display or solemn 
functions. It is a mistake to imagine 
that the rulings of the church regarding 
members of condemned societies have 
been in any way altered." 
—American Tyler, April 1. 1899. 

Minstrel Entertainment. 

One of the chief events of the comnig 
week is the minstrel entertainment to 
be given Tuesday and Wednesday even- 
ings by Edison Hive, L. O. T. M. The 
program w^ill be under the direction of 
Joe McGinnis, and the minstrel show 
will be followed by a dance. 

The second part of the program will 
include a xylophone solo by Rodney Tay- 
lor, Cuban dance by Hazel Scouten, the 
Kirmess dance by a number of young 
ladies, and the entertainment will con- 
clude with the cake walk bv the Belles 
of Blackville. 

Progressive Kuchre. 

This evening, at Olympic Hall, the 
guards of Coral Hive, No. 31. L. O. T. 
M., will entertain their friends at a pro- 
gressive euchre party. Prizes will be 
awarded the players making the highest 

T. O. O. P., 

A Smoker. 

Sidney Lodge, No. 155, 
gave a smoker in Oddfellows' Hall la?t 
evening. The evening closed with a box- 
ing bout between the Campbell Brothers. 
Two hundred and twenty-five meml.^ers 

were present. 
—Detroit Free Press. 

Rebekah Entertainment. 

The Old Fashion Ball given by the 
Rebekah Lodge Tuesday evening was a 
thorough success ' financially and so- 
— Pennville (Ind.) Gazette. 


One Hundred and Seventy Candidates Ad- 
vanced at Wichita, Kan. 

Wichita, Kan., April 18. — Nearly sev- 
en hundred Scottish Rite ^Masons ban- 
queted here to-night, the feast being the 
culmination of a consistory jubilee, dur- 
ing which 170 candidates were given 
from the fourth to the thirty-second de- 
gree. To-night's function was very elab- 
orate, the adornments in ^lasonic sym- 
bols being especially artistic. 

All the speakers were thirty-third de- 
gree Masons. The receipts of the local 
consistory from initiation fees were S20,- 
400. The banquet cost 87,000. 



August, 1901. 


Liquor Men Organize a Lodge of the Order 
' of Knights of the Royal Areh. 

J. A. Hodgman, deputy organizer of 
the Great International Order Knights 
of the Royal Arch, a fraternal and benefi- 
ciary order for liquor men only, organ- 
ized a lodge in this city last evening. 
The meeting was held in th'e Red Men 
hall in the Small mercantile building, and 
regular meetings will be held therein 
every Wednesday evening. The m'eeting 
was largely attended, only a simall num- 
ber of the local dealers not being identi- 
fied with the movement. A number of 
Lancaster bret|iren were present. 

The order wajs organized in Hot 
Springs, Arkansas, about eighteen 
months ago and is represented in twenty- 
one States in the Union, with a member- 
ship of 150,000. There are seven lodges 
in this State, namely, Pittsiburg, Erie, 
Williamsport, Harrisburg, Lancaster, 
Johnstow^n and Altoona. 
—York, ra., Dispatch, Feb. 7, 1901 


An Extra Issued in 1835— Daniel Webster 
on Masonry. 

The Commercial Gazette is indebted 
to Mr. George A. Berry, president of 
the Citizens' National Bank, for a news- 
paper extra issued in 1835, which is not 
only interesting as a relic, but also as 
indicating the existence then of a paper 
of the name of the youngest of the pres- 
ent daily newspapers of Pittsburg. The 
sheet preserved by Mr. Berry is enti- 
tled : "The Pittsburg Times — Extra.'' It 
is printed only on one side and contains 
only four columns. The contents are 
made up of "editorial correspondence*' 
from Harrisburg, the inaugural address 
of Gov. Ritner and some correspondence 
between Daniel Webster and a commit- 
tee of ''the Democratic Anti-Masons of 
Allegheny County, consisting of Har- 
mar Denny, Benjamin Darlington, 
James C. Gilleland, Neville B. Craig and 
W. W. Irwin. The letter of the commit- 
tee, dated Pittsburg, November 11, 1835, 
asks Daniel Webster for his "opinions 
respecting the Order of Freemasonry." 
In his reply, dated Boston, November 
20, 1835, Webster says: 

"It is an institution which, in my judg- 
ment, is essentially wrong in the princi- 
ples of its formation ; that from its very- 
nature it is liable to great abuses; that 
among the obligations which are found 
to be imposed on its members, there are 
such as are entirely incompatible with 
the duty of good citizens ; and that all 
secret associations, the members of 
which take upon themselves extraordi- 
nary obligations to one another and are 
bound together by secret oaths, are nat- 
urally sources of jealousy and just alarm 
to others ; are especially unfavorable to 
harmony and mutual confidence among 
men living together under popular insti- 
tutions ; and are dangers to the general 
cause of civil liberty and good govern- 

Although deemed important enough 
to be issued as an extra edition, single 
line heads constitute the entire display 
.given to the contents of the paper. The 
Pittsburg Times issuing this extra was 
started January 12, 1831, as a weekly, a 
Mr. McKee being the first publisher. 
The paper passed into the hands of 
Jayne & O'Hara and became a daily in. 
1837 under the editorial direction of 
Alexander Jayne. The paper died, prob- 
ably with the subsidence of the anti-Ma- 
sonic excitement. 
— Pittsburj; Gazette, April 18, 1901. 



There is a secret society to which ev^ 
ery child of God ought to belong. It 
meets in the secret place of the Most 
High. Its session is as long as the ever- 
lasting years of God. They who enter 
need not go out any more forever. The 
admission fee has been paid in tears and 
blood — even the blood of the Son of God. 
The candidate must present himself in 
eternal, irrevocable abandonment to the 
Lord. He passes from the holy place of 
a perfect regeneration by faith, the por- 
tal — even the rent veil of the flesh of the 
Son of God — into this "most holy place." 
The Holy Ghost is the Divine Conductor 
who accompanies him all the way. The 
Word of God is his sign-manual. One 
Hand only casts a solitary ballot. That 
Hand alone has the right — it is the Hand 


August, 1901. 



that was pierced on the tree. If the can- 
didate's consecration is defective, if he 
come up to the threshold holding back 
any part of the price, he is at once black- 
balled ; and then, if he has a literary turn, 
he may write a book against th-e second 
blessing, trying to prove there is no such 
thing, his contention being that he had 
sought the blessing and failed to get 
anything every time. But if the candi- 
date's consecration be clear, without a 
fraction of mortgage, the blessed Hand 
that was nailed to the tree will drop a 
white pebble into the box — that is, drop 
a white pebble into the candidate's soul — 
give him a clean, sweet, pure heart, and 
he is elected to the ''most holy place." 
This is that which is given us of the 
Spirit in the Book of the Revelation, 
chapter 2, verse 17. ''And I will give 
him a white pebble (the pebble used in 
casting a favorable vote), and on the 
pebble a new name written, and no man 
knoweth saving he that receiveth it." 

My truly-converted brother and sis- 
ter, make application right away. Your 
Master, on His mediatorial throne, pre- 
sents your petition. Here is no tedious 
detail. It is cut short in righteousness. 
You may even now pass in by abandon- 
ment and faith. Glorious order! lovely- 
secret society ! We have belonged to it 
for years. We speak whereof we know. 
It is the grandest thing in the universe. 
Glory ! 
—Revivalist and Bible Advocate, May 16, 1901. 


Wliat appeared in the issue of the St. 
Louis Christian Advocate of May 29th 
follows : 

•'A Poisonous Viper." 

"I have just returned from a Masonic fu- 
neral held in a Methodist Church. * * * 
The chaplain of the lodge was a Methodist 
minister. The pastor of the church in which 
the service was held was clothed with the 
white apron and assisted in the service. 
^ * * Both declared that because a man 
was a. Mason when he died, he was imme- 
diately admitted to a place at the right hand 
of God. * * * ^e ^ere told that the 
sheepskin apron was a passport to heaven. 
* * * Here are ministers of the Gospel, 
who, at regular meetings of the church, are 
iirging sinners to repent, telling them they 

are doomed to everlasting punishment if they 
do not, and then afterward telling them that 
if they belong to the Masons they will go to 
heaven any way, even though they may be 
a rumseller or a blasphemer of the name of 

The above extract is from a communication 
in the Wesleyan Methodist, published at Sy- 
racuse, N. Y., in the issue of the 22nd inst., 
and our object in calling attention to it is not 
in any wise to defend Masonry, but only to 
say that while we well know there are many 
unworthy and wicked Masons and some fool- 
ish preachers who are weak enough to say 
and do ridiculous things as Masons as well 
as in other relations, yet we do not for one 
single moment credit the statements quoted. 
In fact, we kiiow them to be false, and un- 
hesitatingly brand them as such. And if the 
author will give the name of the town, with 
other particulars, we here bind ourselves to 
produce within a month, certificates from the 
best men in the town that no such statements 
were made, and that no Mason there holds 
any such opinion. Falling to do this, we will 
join our worthy brother (?) in denouncing the 
Masons and ministers of that town as cor- 
rupt, unworthy and weak, if not wicked. And 
we shall be greatly surprised if the author 
does not hear from other parties on the sub- 
ject soon. He must give names and facts, or 
his character will be easily recognized. 

The Challenge. 

The Wesleyan Methodist of June 5, 
1901, thus answers the Masonic Metho- 
dist editor's charge of lying about a Ma- 
sonic burial : 

Dr. Falmore seems to think that one of his 
duties as editor of the St. Louis Christian 
Advocate is to defend the order of Free 
Masons against whatever may be said against 
that order in the Wesleyan Methodist. In 
this defence of that order he uses one method 
by which to challenge the accuracy of the 
statements of the Rev. J. F. Packard, in his 
recent article regarding a Masonic funeral in 
a Methodist Episcopal Church. He might 
have said that what Mr. Packard says is a 
lie. He does say that in effect, although he 
used a few more words in saying it. ^ye feel 
as absolutely certain that Mr. Packard did 
not lie when he reported what was said at 
the funeral as Dr. Palmore does that he did 
lie. We are equally certain that if Dr. Pal- 
more will apply to Masons in the community 
where this funeral was held for a statement 
regarding the subject he can find witnesses 
who will aftirm that he is coiTect. for the 
men who have taken the oaths which Free 
Masons take are prepared to give the kind of 
testimony a Masonic brother wants regard- 
less of the facts, and even in spite of the 



Ausiist 19C>1. 

facts. We are equally sure That if Dr. Pal- 
more will apply to unbiased and unprejudiced 
and independent men wlio can testify lie will 
find tbat Mr. Packard wrote according to the 
facts. Mr. Packard is a man of too good 
standing to be coimted as a liar, even if he 
does have the courage to attack the great 
Masonic order. 
We have the following proposition to make: 

1. We will cheerfully publish the evidence 
which Dr. Palmore will obtain on this sub- 

2. We will also cheerfully publish the evi- 
dence which :Mr. Packard will present on the 
same topic. 

3. We will publish testimony from any re- 
liable source on both sides of the following 
affirmation: Masonic writers of accepted au- 
thority in Masonic lodges accept and declare 
that Freemasonry is a religion by which men 
are saved and fitted for heaven; that it is the 
object of Masonry to furnish its devotees a 
religion of universal application; that it re- 
gards the Christian religion as sectarian, 
hence in its ritual rejects Jesus Christ be- 
cause he is said to have been the founder of 
a sect; and that the declarations that men. 
by Masonic faithfulness, or the equivalent of 
such declarations, are fitted for heaven are 

We ask our readers to furnish us vv'ith such 
testimony as they may be able to give of the 
correctness of these propositions, and we 
most cordially invite Dr. Palmore to refute 
the same at his pleasure. 


The Journal of the Knights of Labor 
tor ]^Iay, 1901, makes the Philadelphia 
Times its atnhority for what it calls 
startling information. It claims that a 
well organized force of spies infects the 
labor unions betraying their doings and 
keeping employers informed. The exist- 
ence of the spy system has been known 
several years by the union, but not un- 
til near the end of the year 1899 was the 
location of the headquarters discovered. 

On discovery the agency disappeared. 
In the same city, under a new name, the 
same manager is said to have soon re- 
sumed operations. Daily reports came 
from spies by mail. Even shop conversa- 
tions were reported. Agitators and social- 
ists Avere particularly noticed. ]^>Ianufac- 
turers paid liberally for information and 
spies thus earned from $50 to S80 a month 

besides regular wages for work as tmion 

Spies did not know each other. Em- 
ployer's names were hidden, and names of 
flo\vers w'ere used, as tulip, lilac, magno- 
lia. Thtis all were concealed. It is said 
that the key has now been obtained, and 
the report professes to give the name of 
the manager as well as of the organiza- 

]\Iurder will out. 


I\Iuch is being said about the cruelty 
of the Boxers in China. It is currently 
reported that thirteen missionaries have 
met death at their hands. Little is said, 
hovv'ever, about the cruel work of their 
brothers in our own land. \\^hy this 
silence about the maltreatment and kill- 
ing of a greater number of our own citi- 
zens in lodge initiations? Have the 
secret societies got control of the relig- 
ioi,is press or awed the great Mission 
Boards into silence? Or is a life of 
greater value in China than in the 
L'nited States? Or is it because lodge 
murders are perpetrated under the shield 
of "'The throne of iniquity, which 
frameth iniquity by law," and hidden un- 
der the systematized ''Deceivableness of 
unrighteousness?" We may anticipate 
startling disclostires when "the Holy 
One shall make inquisition for blood." 
—J. P. S. 

Our fathers to their graves have gone : 
Their strife is past, their triumph won. 
But sterner trials wait the race 
Which rises in their honored place — 
A moral warfare with the crime 
And folly of an evil time. 

So let it be. In God's own might 

Wt gird us for the coming fight. 

And strong in Him whose cause is ours 

In conflict with unholy powers. 

We grasp the weapons He has given — • 

The light and truth and love of Heaven. 

— AVhittier. 

The eternal stars shine out as soon as it 
is dark enough. 

Ansmst. 1901- 



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I Secret Oaths I 


J JOSEPH COOK, Boston. % 

^ 4 

4. ' ^ 

£*> ' 4& 


&f "If, at this hour, it seems somewhat dangerous to a man's popularity and influ- *^ 

JL^ ence to oppose the system of lodges or disloyal oaths; if I, for instance, run con- '*^ 

^tf siderable risk in uttering myself candidly to-night on this topic, what will be the ^^ 

4&f risk if we allow the deadly upas tree to grow until it has attained its full height? ^^ 

4^ In the present combination of forces and politics, so much force and power can *^ 

<&f be exercised by secret combinations that almost no politician dare oppose them. '*^ 

<w^ What may be the power exercised by them ultimately in a population compared ^^ 

<y^ with which our present masses altogether on this CQntinent are a mere sprink- ^y 

•y^ ling? If it is already impossible for any one to speak out on this topic without ^V 

•y* being shot at, or shot into by the arrow of slander in ambush, then it is high ^f 

^^ time to draw out the fire of the enemy and know where we are," ^r 

^ ± 

«^ No better document of its size for general distribution has been printed. ^ 

i&^ Joseph Cook's address is a national treatment of a national subject, and 4^ 

• very valuable for reference. ^ 

^T Single copy, 5 cents. Ten copies, 25 cents, postpaid. ^ 

^ Cash must accompany all orders. jT 

^ Address— z 


•I* 22 I West Madison Street, 

|| CHICAGO. 4 

^ 1 



Qjj FAR Fixed :^ 

' The §cH§ Sv^- 
/^ Of Time. ;^ 
^ -^^ .//^ 


take an offen = 
sive position 
against ail 
forms of evil. 
What the dev- 

il wants you to do is to let him alone. 
The plea of all evil is 'Let us alone.* 
But we must answer: -We never will 
let 3'ou alone: we wilF fling ourselves 
against you whenever you appear.' 
It is true that in the conflict we will 
be wounded and bruised. There is 
no denying that or avoiding it. But 
it is by being bruised that the Chris- 
tian life is tested and made perfect." 
— From address at Conzention of />'. 
)'. P. I'., Chicago^ J"b'^ ^901, f'V 
Ri. G. Catupbcll ^lorgau. 


Biu-Diiig Bnsli 129 

Priuce Consort 129 

The Wlieaton Conference 129 

Hen Masons 130 

K. T. Christmas Observance 130 

Not Unlucky in History 130 

One Masonic Hnsband 131 

Equitable Fraternal Union 131 

AVby I Do Not Join the Lodge 132 

The Three Prophetic Days 135 

A New Hebrew Union 136 

Labor Unions 136 

A Freemason's Points 137 

Dr. T. DeWitt Talmage's Sermon on Se- 
cret Societies . 137 

Caliiornia Commandery No. 1 140 

Immannel Our Leader 141 

Who Are the Knights Templar? 141 

The Knights of the Twelfth Century and ' 
the Knights Templar of the-Tw^entieth 

Compared 144r 

United Presbj^terian Assembly 146 

M. W. A. Memorial Service 147 

Mrs. Parmelia Cook (Obituary) 147 

News of Our Work 148 

W. B. Stoddard's Letter 150 

Fischer's Field Notes 151 

Sketch from New England 152 

At AYhat a Cost! (By Susan F. Hinman) 153- 
Editorial in New York Weekly Witness. 156 
Table Talk 157 




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Comprehensive and 
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Regular subscription 
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We furnish it with 
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Published on Thurs- 
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tional Family News- 
paper of the highest 
class, for farmers and 
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general news of THE 
to hour of going to 
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highest order, has en- 
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up to date, interesting- 
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Regular subscription 
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We furnish it with 
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Send all orders to THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, Chicago, Ills. 

"Jesos answered him, — I spake openly to the world; aud ia secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure, 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 


221 West Madison St., Chicas;o. 

Entered at the Postoffl.ce, CMcago, 111. 
class matter. 

as second 


Representing- moving flames, for use in con- 
nection with magic lanterns. This new slide 
produces a very realistic effect. The scenery 
is from a beautiful and original design, ar- 
tistically painted in brilliant colors. 

In operating this slide, by an ingenious me- 
chanical appliance, the flames rise, leap and 
curl up from the root of the bush in the 
most natural and vivid manner. Price (sub- 
ject to discoimt), $4.50. Send for further par- 
ticulars to M. C. Lilley & Co., Columbus, 

The above is an advertisement taken 
from a secret society organ and of inter- 
est to Royal Arch Masons. It relates to 
the solemn scene at Horeb. When the 
Royal Arch candidate, who represents 
Moses, as the Principal Sojourner repre- 
sents Jehovah, is brought face to face 
with the Burning Bush, his slippers are 
removed to remind him that he is on holy 
ground, and at the words, ''Moses hid his 
face," etc., the hoodwink is carefully re- 
placed. What is the effect of such lojdge 
work on ordinarv minds? 


In connection with the resolve of the king 
not to sever his connection with the Free- 
masons, even though resigning the position 
of Grand ^Master, it is interesting to remem- 

ber that it was in Sweden, and by the "king ot 
that country, he was first admitted a Free- 
mason. That was thirty-three years ago, and 
seven years before he was elected Grand Mas- 
ter of England in place of the Marquis of 
Ripon. It is curious that the king's father, 
the late prince consort, refused to have any 
connection with Freemasonary. The late 
queen, on the other hand, smiled upon the 
Craft, and on the occasion of her Diamond 
Jubilee Lord Amherst spoke of the queen's 
deep interest in Masons, and referred to her 
as the daughter of a Freemason, the mother 
of Freemasons, and the patron and helper of 
the order.— Masonic Sun. 

Thus far Prince Albert holds the 
world's esteem better than Albert Ed- 
ward, and we are not surprised to learn 
one more good thing of him. 

After the death of Gladstone a Ma- 
sonic organ claimed his membership in 
the order. Mrs. Gladstone \\Tote a de- 
nial as soon as her attention was called 
to it. It is not likely that Queen Victoria 
smiled upon an institution with which her 
husband, Prince Albert, "refused to have 
anv connection.'' 


The Christian Workers' Conference, 
which was held at Wheaton for the first 
time this year, was a very delightful and 
profitable gathering. It was attended by 
over 400 people, including nearly or quite 
100 ministers of the various churches. 
They came from as far west as Omaha, 
as far north as Minneapolis, as far south 
as Memphis, Tennessee, and as far east as 
Oberlin, Ohio.. 

The speakers were Rev. G. Campbell 
Morgan, of London ; Rev. R. A. Torrey, 
of Chicago ; Rev. Milford H. Lyon, of 
Wheaton : Rev. Dr. Myers and Fifield, of 
Chicago; i\Ir. Harrv Monroe, of Pacific 



September, 1901. 

Garden ^^lission ; ^h. A. P. Fitt, of North- 
lielci, and others. 

The power of the Holy Spirit was evi- 
dently present from the first session to 
the last when in the midst of a blessed 
shower of rain a large audience gathered 
to hear the final address from Mr. Torrey, 
pastor of the Chicago Avenue Church and 
superintendent of the Bible Institute. 

It is proposed to continue the confer- 
ence in the future, God willing. The lead- 
hig speakers of this meeting have all 
promised to attend next year if Provi- 
dence permit, and we expect a greater 
blessing than the one already received. 
Alention should be made of the singing, 
which was led by ]\Ir. Geo. H. Williams 
and I\Ir. John H. Burke, both evangelistic 
singers of power. Our readers should 
plan for attendance at next year's con- 

A young man "out west'' became 21 
years of age and in three days after was 
initiated in an Oddfellows' Lodge. Was 
the transaction a legal one? In other 
words, is it legal to receive an application 
before the applicant is 21 years of age? — 

Ohio Law — '■Qualifications for mem- 

''An applicant for membership must be- 
lieve in the existence of a Supreme Being, 
Creator, Preserver and Governor of all 
things. He must be a free white person, 
of good moral character, industrious hab- 
its, and possessed of some known reputa- 
ble means of support, and free from all in- 
firmity or disease. He must also be over 
twenty-one years of age," etc. 

The law gives the answer sufficiently 
— O. F. Companion. 

Let us be glad if there is one trap that 
is not set for colored men. 


The Knights Templar sentiment for Christ- 
mas, 1900, was: "To our Most Eminent 
Grand Master, Reuben Hedley Lloyd: A 
Merry Christmas, and may the coming cen- 
tury fulfil the golden promise of 'Peace on 
earth and good will toward men.' His re- 
sponse was "Templars: I wish you a happy 
and prosperous New Year. When all keep 
the new commandment of our Redeemer, the 
golden promise will be fulfilled. You are ob- 

ligated to labor unremittingly to bring to pass 
that perfection of man's moral and intel- 
lectual development. In the Gospel of St. 
John, xiii. chapter, 34th verse, you will find 
the new commandment." 

And in Mark 7 :6 you will find words 
of the same authority that seem appro- 


It is not so many years ago that the Order 
of the Eastern Star was derisively referred to 
as an organization of "Hen Masons," who 
were seeking to be recognized by the craft as 
a branch of Masonry, but never would be. 
Times have since changed, and the attitude 
of the Masonic fraternity toward the adop- 
tion rite is entirely different from Avhat it 
was.— Correspondent of Masonic Chronicle. 

The Eastern Star is not a Masonic or- 
der, for every Masonic degree must be 
composed of members connected with 
the Blue Lodge. No woman sees the 
work of Masonic degrees. Women re- 
lated to Masons join a society which some 
Masons also join, and with which the Ma- 
sonic society holds friendly relations. But 
the Eastern Star is another society and 
not a Masonic degree. Only Blue Lodge 
Masons take Masonic degrees, and every 
Mason is sworn not to be present at the 
initiation of a woman as a Mason. 


Friday, which is regarded as a day of 
ill luck by the rest of the world, ought to 
be considered the luckiest of all days for 
the Americans. Among the historic 
events that occurred on Friday are the 
discovery of America, Oct. 12, 1492, by 
Christopher Columbus, who had sailed on 
Friday, Aug. 3, 1492. He returned on 
Friday, and made the discovery of South 
America on Friday, June 12, 1494. John 
Cabot received his commission from 
Henry VHL on Friday, March 6, 1496,. 
which resulted in finding North America. 
Mendez founded St. Augustine on Fri- 
day, Sept. 7, 1505. The Mayflower land- 
ed on Friday, Dec. 22, 1620; George 
Washington was born on Friday, Feb. 22, 
1732; on Friday, June 16, 1775, Bunker 
Hill was seized and fortified ; on Friday, 
Oct. 17, 1777. Burgoyne surrendered at 
Saratoga, and on Friday, Sept. 22, 1780, 
Arnold's treason was discovered. Then 

September. 15X>1. 



came the surrender of Cornwallis, also 
on a Friday, and last, on Friday, July 7. 
1776. John Adams moved in the Conti- 
nental Congress that the United States 
"are and ought to be independent." 
— London Express. 




A True Story. 

BY E. 

•■^lother is dead! Won't you come 
over ?" said little Charlie to the teacher of 
his class in a Chicago Industrial School. 
And he told of withering and bitter words 
she said before she died. 

The teacher, accompanied by the su- 
perintendent, went with the berea\ed and 
wondering child, awed by the silent sol- 
emnity of death, to the upper chamber in 
the rear of a tenement house. The two 
or three small rooms bore evidence to the 
tasteful refinement and poverty, also, of 
the late occupant. 

The husband and father came in soon 
after they did and immediately entered 
upon an apology for. or, what was from 
his standpoint, modest eulogv of him- 

"T have always sought good society. I 
have been a Freemason for twenty year^. 
The members of the order will tell you 
of my good standing in the order and 
with some of the best people in this 
city." etc.. etc. 

The visitors asked if they could be of 
any service and besought the father to 
train his bright, lovable boy for Christ. 

"There is something wrong about that 
man," said Charlie's teacher. ''His silk hat 
and overcoat that must have, cost $70 or 
$80 do not harmonize with the poverty of 
this little corner in which the broken- 
hearted wife spent her closing days." 

"Yes." was the reply, ''many things 
wrong with him, and chief among them 
is that the husband was a devotee of the 
paganism which blights honor, dulls ca- 
pability for moral discrimination and de- 
stroys the intellectual and spiritual unitv 
of the marriage relation." 

There are in the neighborhood of 300 
secret insurance companies doing busi- 
ness in our country. One of this number 
is called the "Equitable Fraternal Union," 
with headquarters at Xeenah, Wisconsin. 

The offtcial ritual says: "The Equita- 
ble Fraternal Union is the highest and 
most beneficent development of fraternal 
•life insurance : it is based upon the expe- 
rience of time. 

"This fraternity exists for the promo- 
tion of the temporal welfare of our- 
selves and families. Every precaution has 
been taken to exclude from it all which 
could confiict with a man's religious con- 

The ofticer addressing the candidate 
during his initiation says : "\'ou have 
made application for membership in this 
assembly, and you have been duly elected 
and are now a candidate for initiation : 
but. before you can become a member, 
you must first take a solemn and binding 
obligation, one which we all have taken, 
but which will not conflict with any of 
those exalted duties you owe to your 
country, your religion, your family or 

The candidate is instructed to place his 
right hand on his left breast and take the 
following obligation : 


"^Ir. . do you solemnly 

promise, of your own free will and ac- 
cord, in the presence oi the members of 
this assembly, that you will strictly com- 
ply with the laws, rules and regulations 
of the Supreme Assembly, and the laws 
of this assembly, and of any other assem- 
bly of this order to which you may at anv 
time belong ; and that you will obey such 
laws in the spirit thereof as well as the 
letter, and that you will never counte- 
nance or assist in the evasion or perver- 
sion of such laws. 

''Do you thus promise? 

(Candidate answers " ") 

"Do you further promise not to reveal 
any of the signs, grips, tokens or other ' 
secret work of this order to the uninitiat- 
ed or to any person except such as you 
know to be members oi this order: and 
that you will not communicate the pass- 
words of the order to any persons whom- 
soever except to the officers authorized 



September, 1901. 

to receive the same, in an assembly in 

"Do you thus promise? 

(Candidate answers " ") 

"Do you further promise that you will 
never wrong- or defraud any department 
of this order, or any member thereof, or 
take part or share, directly or indirectly 
in any unlawful use or disposition of the 
funds, moneys or property belonging to 
the order or any part thereof, and that 
you will do all in your power to prevent 
such unlawful action. 

"Do you thus promise? 

(Candidate answers " ") 

"Do you further promise that in your 
actions and discussions as a member of 
this order, you will be governed by a 
spirit of courtesy, respect and friendship 
for your fellovv' members ; that you will 
do all in your power to help or assist a 
brother member when in trouble or in 
need ; and ever strive to advance the prin- 
ciples of the order and increase its mem- 

"Do you thus promise? 

(Candidate answers " ■ '') 

'*Do you further promise and agree that 
whenever you, from any cause, may cease 
to be a member of this order, that the ob- 
ligation of secrecy you have here as- 
sumed shall remain binding and in full 
force, and that all your right, title and 
interest, in and to any property, funds or 
benefits of this order, shall thereby termi- 
nate and become absolutely void. 

'Tor the faithful observance of all these 
things do you pledge your sacred honor? 

"(Candidate answers " ")" 



(Read at the Christian Reform Convem 

tion at Harrisburg, Pa., March 

19, 1901.) 

I do not join the lodge because I know 
I would have to swear when initiated. 

The man who unites with the Masonic 
Lodge is sworn by most terrible oaths 
ever to conceal and never to reveal the 
secrets of the lodge, before he knows what 
those secrets are. It is astonishing that 
men of rank and learning fiing principle 

and manliness away by blindly binding 
themselves to a thing not yet made known 
to them, but nevertheless, sensual and 
devilish. Some of the oaths of oath-bound 
secret organizations bind men to do 
things contrary to the laws of the land, 
thus making lodgeites enemies to our 
government. A part of the oath taken 
by the Royal Arch Mason reads as fol- 
lows : "Furthermore, do I promise and 
swear that I will aid and assist a com- 
panion Royal Arch Mason, when en- 
gaged in any difficulty, and espouse his 
' cause, so far as to extricate him from the 
same, if in my power, whether right or 
wrong. Furthermore, do I promise and 
swear, that a companion Royal Arch Ma- 
son's secrets given me in charge as such, 
I knowing them to be such, shall remain 
as secure and inviolable in my breast as 
his own, murder and treason not except- 
ed.'' Men bound by oaths that thwart jus- 
tice and cover crime are dangerous to any 
community, to any State. I would that 
all the States would follow the example 
of Vermont by passing prohibitory^ law^s 
making all illegal oaths subject to heavy 
fines. Beware of the oath that binds you 
to do the arch-enemy's business. 

Because of the Ceremonies. 

I do not join the lodge because the 
initiations are shameful and degrading. 
Deprived of his coat, shoes and panta- 
loons the half-naked candidate is led, 
blind-folded and by a halter, around the 
room kneeling and swearing blood-curd- 
ling oaths for half an hour. Perhaps a 
hundred men — doctors, lawyers, bankers, 
merchants, preachers, etc. — witness the 
disgraceful proceedings. Wife and moth- 
er would blush for very shame if they 
knew the conduct of him who was ab- 
sent from the home that nigdit, and in a 
place too unholy for women's feet to 
tread. Jumping on spikes, masking faces, 
wrapping the body in chains, being led, 
like a dumb ass, around the room with a 
halter and swearing pestilential oaths un- 
der penalty of having the heart cut out or 
the head taken of¥, are things to be held 
beneath the dignity of true manhood. Not 
infrequently an accident befalls the candi- 
date before he completes all the maneuv- 
ers of his initiation and he is left a corpse 
or maimed for life. A few men of moral 
stamina and the courage of their convic- 
tions never e'o near the lodo-e after their 

September, 1901. 



first night, and boldly tell the world they 
never felt nearer the infernal regions than 
when they were initiated. Bad promises, 
bad oaths, and bad fellowship are better 
broken than kept. 

Orgaaized Secrecy Is Contrary to the Bible. 

I do not join the lodge because their 
works are done in secret. This is con- 
trary to the Bible. The divine Master 
said nothing in secret but ever spake 
openly and in public. The good things 
that He revealed to His disciples pri- 
vately He tells them to proclaim from 
the housetops. Secrecy is a fundamental 
principle of the lodge and under its foul 
cover theft, adultery, murder and treason 
go unpunished, and deeds of shame to 
Christian professors and refined society 
are perpetrated. It is really a "shame 
even to speak of those things which are 
done by them in secret.'"' Perhaps we 
would never know some of their unfruit- 
ful works of darkness were it not for the 
fact that scores of manly men, who were 
blindly led into the lodge, have renounced 
all allegiance to the fraternity and di- 
vulged the secrets to all who will read and 
take warning". Jesus commands us to let 
our lights shine before men that they may 
be influenced for good, but in the lodge, 
if there be any light it is put under a 
bushel. There is nothing creditable in 
hiding a cause for the betterment of man- 
kind from the knovrledge of the public. 
If we know a good thing for our fellow- 
men it is our moral and Christian duty 
to tell it out and blaze it abroad m the 
world. Openness means fairness, gener- 
ousness and harmlessness ; secrecy means 
somebody is likely to be hurt, and under 
the cloak of secrecy nearly all evil con- 
spiracies originate. 

The Favior Is Contemned. 

I do not join the lodge because it sel- 
dom mentions the name of Jesus. Free- 
masonry excludes the name of Jesus from 
her prayers, and it is not good Masonry 
to mention the name of Christ in the 
lodge ; Jewish, infidel and other unbeliev- 
ing brethren might be ofifended. In ^la- 
sonic rituals certain portions of Scripture 
are read, but wherever the name of Jesus 
occurs they have deliberately stricken out 
the name. Their prayers and Scriptural 
readings are made more suitable for Jews 
and Turks than for Christians. The or- 

ganization that is ashamed of the great 
name of Christ, the Lord of all, is a dis- 
honor to any Christian land and is unfit 
for any Christian professor. 

■'And whatsoever ye do in word or 
deed, do all in the name of the Lord 
Jesus'' (Col. 3:17). It has always been a 
marvel to me how so many ministers of 
the Gospel can enter the lodge-room and 
leave the Lord Jesus at the door. 

A False Keligioh. 

I do not join the lodge because it has 
a false religion. Lodges all over the land 
are teaching men that the lodge is better 
than the church, and that they can be 
saved without the atoning blood of Christ. 
Some time ago when I spoke to a man 
about his salvation he said, "O I've joined 
the lodge now and I believe that is all 
that is necessary. I aid the sick and the 
needy and do good to my fellowmen 
whenever I can, and I believe I have as 
good a chance for heaven as church mem- 
bers.'" The man that expects to ride up 
to heaven on the charitable wings of the 
lodge without repentance and faith in the 
Lord Jesus will find that winning heaven 
is no game of chance for a deluded lodg- 
ite. What is sadder still is that church 
members put the lodge above the church. 
A few years ago a citizen of Wellman, 
Iowa, remarked to me, "Somehow the 
grasp of the hand of a brother Oddfellow 
seems dearer to me than the handshake 
of a brother in the church."' Another de- 
plorable thing is that ministers of the Gos- 
pel who belong to the lodge, preach a 
dead lodge member to glory with as good 
grace as they do a church member. Thus 
thousands of non-Christians are led by 
these professed leaders of the cause of 
Christ to believe that all that is necessary 
for their eternal happiness is to become 
a member of the secret order. Several 
years ago I attended a funeral m Cen- 
tral Illinois. The deceased. man enshrined 
for his grave was a besotted drunkard, 
with beer-barrel proportions. He was 
not a member of any church, and in his 
dying hour he cursed the God that made 
him. Having been a Colonel in the army 
and a man of considerable wealth, fully 
a thousand people were drawn by his rep- 
utation to witness the funeral rites. He 
was a ^lason and the ^Masons buried him. 
It is needless for me to describe all the 
babyish performances of the ceremony. 



September, 1901. 

One thing- that helped to convince me 
that the devil is at the origin, the control 
and the end of the Masonic fraternity is 
the fact that a minister of the Gospel 
who read from a large open Bible strapped 
to his shoulders, spoke in very solemn 
tones and praised the man as the best of 
men. During his remarks he said: "Our 
beloved brother has gone to the evergreen 
shore, to the Grand Lodge above, where 
all true Masons expect to go." The lodge 
is one of satan's great traps to catch the 
sotils of men. 

My Church Is Better. 

I do not join the lodge because my 
church (Mennonite) provides for her sick 
and poor, and helps the ne^dy of every 
description. The lodge talks much of 
its charity and says it has taken up what 
the churches have dropped. It is true 
that some churches have lost much of 
their charity, but still the lodge-members 
could contribute to the needy much more 
cheaply through the church. It costs so 
much to run the lodge. It costs three 
dollars to oil its ponderous machinery 
that it may run out two dollars for char- 
ity, that is, it costs three dollars to give 
away two dollars. In my church it does 
not cost more than one dollar to give 
away ninety-nine dollars. No lodge will 
take into its membership any invalid or a 
widow vv4th only two mites. In my church 
the sick and the poor are as welcome as 
any and are supported to the end of life, 
while the wealthiest lodge member in 
the Avorld would be refused admittance 
into the church if he insisted upon re^ 
taining his lodge membership. Some se- 
cret orders will drop the support of a 
member after he has been sick a certain 
number of weeks. Gospel charity reaches 
out to the sick, the poor, the widows and 
the orphans as long as they need help. 
Though I bestow all my goods to feed 
the lodge members and have not Gospel 
charity, I am nothing. 

Home Happiness Marred. 

I do not join the lodge because it mars 
the happiness of the home circle. A 
young mian dare not tell his sister nor a 
husband his wife and children any of the 
secrets they have sworn to keep. A 
true and loving husband will tell his wife 
every secret, and if his mind is filled with 
secrets he dare not reveal to her, the in- 

fluence and the social charm of the home 
are deteriorated. Thousands of men who 
are away all day at work spend the even- 
ing at the lodge instead of augmenting 
the joys of the family by their presence 
at home. A father has no right to attend 
regular meetings to which he dare not take 
his wife and children. It is his duty to be 
a regular attendant with his family at 
church. If all the ministers of the Gospel 
who are members of oath-bound secret 
orders (and it is estimated that nine- 
tenths of them in the United States are) 
were to throw ofT that galling yoke to-day 
and next Sabbath denounce the iniquit- 
ous doings of the lodge in scathing terms 
and urge every father to come out from 
the lodge and touch not the unclean 
thing, thousands of m.others and children 
in the audiences would shout, "Amen ! 
amen ! give it to them, pastor. They are 
away so often at night when we should 
be made happy with their company at 

Because It Robs the Church. 

I do not join the lodge because it robs 
the church. It robs the church of at- 
tendance. At any Gospel service in the 
land look over the audience and you 
will almost invariably see more women 
than men. Where are the men? Many 
of them are at the lodge where the oath 
binds them more strongly than church 
obligations, or at home with the impres- 
sion that their lodge membership is sufH- 
cient and they do not need the church. 
It robs the church of its talent. Many of 
our most gifted men are serving as clerks 
and secretaries or filling other offices in 
the secret societies, thus wasting the en- 
ergy that God intended should be used in 
spreading the Gospel of Jesus Christ. It 
robs the church of its money.- Millions 
of dollars are annually contributed to the 
lodge that should be given to evangelize 
Christian and heathen lands. Let the 
time, the talent and the money taken to 
run secret orders, be spent in the wor- 
ship of God and the world will see a won- 
derful revival. 

To Be Unequally Yoked Ts Sin. 

I do not join the lodge on accoiuit of 
the unequal yoke. God says, "Be ye not 
unequally yoked together with unbeliev- 
ers." The majority of the members of 
the lodge are non-Christians. lews. Mo- 

September, 1901. 



hammedans, Buddhists, saloon-keepers, 
infidels and unbelievers of every descrip- 
tion consider themselves on one common 
level with the Christians who have cast 
their lot with them. Having- espoused the 
same cause they are all bound together in 
the same bond of brotherhood and call 
each other brethren. This is certainly an 
unequal yoke. Let us *'have no fellows- 
ship with the unfruitful works of dark- 
ness, but rather reprove them." Often 
the one elected as chaplain to read the 
Scriptures and prayers is a cursing drunk- 
ard. Ministers and church members are 
thus presided over in the devotional ex- 
ercises by one whose heart is far from 
God. What sacrilege ! what mockery to 
God ! The Bible warns against fellow- 
ship with devils. Rest assured, brother, 
if you join yourself to devils it will be an 
unequal yoke, and they are sure to out- 
pull you ; and O, what then ! 

I do not, cannot, will not, join the lodge 
because it is an unscriptural organization. 
Jesus Christ did not found it, neither did 
he endorse it. but He did found the church 
and adorns it to be His bride. It is mi- 
scriptural in about every way you can 
think of it. It claims Bible authority for 
its existence and its proceedings. In so 
doing it misquotes, misapplies, perverts 
and profanes the Holy Scriptures in ways 
too numerous to mention. By mixing a 
little Scripture in. the lodge is able to put 
on a kind of a sugar-coat that induces 
men to gulp down the poisonous pill to 
their awful hurt. ]\Ien who think of join- 
ing should know the expenses of fees, vmi- 
forms and banquets ; all about the horri- 
ble oaths, and their murder of Capt. Alor- 
gan, Doctor Cronin and many others. So 
blood-thirsty do some of the lodge mem- 
bers become that they would take the life 
of a minister of the Gospel who speaks 
against the lodge as unscriptural. A few 
years ago when I preached against the 
lodge in a certain town and exposed some 
of their secrets, a thirty-third degree ]\Ia- 
son remarked, "That preacher must have 
found out some things. It would not be 
safe for him to stay around here." How 
men can belong to the lodge and please 
God I can't understand. "O my soul, 
come not thou into their secret ; unto 
their assembly, mine honor be not thou 
united" (Gen. 49:6). 


The book that bears this name is be- 
fore me and it is not without much inter- 
est that I have been perusing its pages. 
I cannot say at this time all I wish to say 
about the writer's work and may return 
to it at another time. Providence willing, 
but a few things 1 wish to say now. 

I believe the writer makes out a strong- 
case in the main for his theory, but has 
not fully met all the difficulties : for ex- 
ample, when Alark tells of the disciples 
who came to the Lord the first day of 
unleavened bread when the Passover was 
killed and asked the Master, "Where wilt 
thou that we prepare the Passover?'' his 
statement that this does not mean the 
day on which the Passover was killed 
seems to the writer without force. 

He does much better in his explanation 
of the apparent divergence between John 
and .Mark about the hour of the cruci- 
fixion. On the whole his argument for 
the literal three days and three nights is 
strong and does no violence as far as I can 
see to the whole tenor of scripture on this 

\Mien he branches ofi:", however, to fit 
the prophecy of Daniel, "He shall confirm 
the covenant with many for one week and 
in the midst of the week he shall cause the 
sacrifice and oblation to cease,'' the writer 
seems to be in a thick fog, for while he 
holds to the extreme literal fulfillment of 
prophecy in other places he does not to 
ni}- mind clearly show what covenant was 
confirmed or how- in the midst of the 
week he caused the sacrifice and obla- 
tion to cease. 

Let me say, however, that the book is 
interesting and instructive and when I 
have more time to give it deeper thought 
I may return to this subject again. 

The work is published by the author, 
^Ir. Wm. Fredrick, at Clyde, Ohio. In 
paper, 50 cents : cloth, vSi. 

A. Thomson. 

Let the heart of ministers, or people, be 
filled with the love of Jesus ! This will 
send us right joyfully to any Jerusalem 
with the message of God on our lips. 
This will bring souls to Christ, and mag- 
nify His Name. 
--Frederick WhitlieM. 



September, 1901. 



Hebrew charities are among the best 
supported, and it is doubtful whether any 
Jew in" good standing is aided from pubhc 
funds in any American city or town. The 
first Hebrew rag pickers' union in the 
United States has just been formed in 
J^Iassachusetts in the city of Worcester. 
It has 130 members organized under the 
name Achanue B'nai Israel, or Brother- 
hood of the Children of Israel. 

It is a relief society which appears to 
be unencumbered with secret order ma- 
chinery, and is an agency to provide for 
hard times. Ordinarily, Worcester rag 
pickers can make six or eight dollars a 
week, but in the dull summer season there 
is a serious lack of business and it is 
sometimes hard to live. In such times of 
distress a member can borrow Union 
funds, and when times are better again 
pay back in small installments of 25, 50 
or 75 cents a week. No interest is taken 
on these loans, and perhaps none could 
be taken, for while Jews are understood 
to be great money-lenders and usurers, 
the Mosaic law contains repeated prohi- 
bitions of taking interest from Jews. 

Each members pays a weekly due of 5 
cents, and if he is a regular customer of 
a shopkeeper, or, rather if a shopkeeper 
is his regular customer buying the rags 
and old junk he collects, 5 cents more is 
paid on his account by his shopkeeper. 

One shopkeeper in Worcester takes the 
collections of bottles, old rubbers, clothes, 
etc., brought in by about 20 collectors. 
He pays his own 5 cents a week and 5 
cents for each of these peddlers, as they 
are called. His weekly -contribution to 
the union is thus about one dollar. To- 
gether this shopkeeper and hi§. peddlers 
contribute about 100 dollars a year. 

This would supply twenty loans aver- 
aging fi-ve dollars, or ten loans averaging 
ten dollars. 

The income should be al^out 10 cents 
per member, or rather less, as some sales 
made irregularly to shopkeepers not be- 
longing to the union may reduce the 
amount. Members cannot deal regularly 
with outside shopkeepers who do not pay 

5 cents a week for each of their regular 

Calling it 8 cents for each of the 130 
members the weekly income will be 
$10.40 and the probable fund collected is 
over $500 a year. This Avill no doubt be 
deposited or in some way made to bring 

This is a good plan, and one of its mer- 
its is that it does not undertake too much. 
Another is that it does not promise more 
than it thus undertakes. And another is 
that it is open to the light, businessHke, 
and free from secret society flummery. It 
does business with cash, and does not 
make up deficiencies and fill gaps with 
colored ribbons, white aprons and scraps 
of the alphabet. 


Their Record in Great Britain. 

Injustice is always weakness. The in- 
nocent and the guilty alike suffer in its 
blighting atmosphere. 

Benjamin Taylor, in a paper in the 
North American Review for August 
brings many facts to show that "Britain's 
greatest national danger lies in the de- 
struction of free-trade in labor." Let 
America ponder this subject in time. Our 
Trades Unions need careful, kindly atten- 

Look for a few moments at Mr. Tay- 
lor's arraignment of British Labor 

'Tn theory, the Trade Union is an or- 
ganization for the protection of labor 
against the tyranny and oppression of 
capital. In practice, the British Trade 
Union is an organization for the restraint 
of labor and the manacling of capital." 

The theory of Trade Unionism, he says, 
is generally regarded as admirable ; the 
practice is abominable. 

"The British Trade Unions are neither 
more nor less than organizations for the 
restraint of labor and the curtailment of 

"A workman, on joining one of these 
organizations, ceases to be a free agent — 
he becomes the slave of his society and 
the tool of its officials. 

They have eliminated the spirit of emu- 
lation from the workshop and have sev- 

September, 1901. 



ered the old personal bond of sympathy 
and respect between the employer and 
his craftsmen. How can an operative be 
a faithful servant when his first duty is 
not to his employer but to his society ? 

Mr. Taylor cites many instances in 
whifh by their exactions and limitations 
Trades Unions have driven an industry 
out of a district : for example, ship- 
building from London to the north- 
ern rivers ; lacemaking from Nottingham 
to Scotland ; flint glass from England to 
Germany and bottle making from Scot- 
land to Belgium. 

He states that ''while Trade Unionism 
has not raised the rewards of honest labor, 
it has put a premium on inefficiency, by 
insisting that the idle and incompetent 
worker shall be placed on a wage level 
Avith the most skillful and most industri- 
ous." Instances, with documentary proof, 
in which this has been done are such as 
would make honest workingmen sick with 

The plan of a Federated Council of all 
Employers' Associations and Trade 
Unions, something like a Federation of 
Federations, the scheme of ^Ir. John 
Lockie for the federation of masters and 
workmen, is mentioned as one of the 
most attractive plans for the promotion 
and advancement of trade and commerce. 
However, Air. Taylor states : 

"The country is not ripe for it." 

We suggest that the much needed rip- 
ening process be pushed by planting in 
all hearts Xew Testament principles. 


A bright young man was advised bv 
his mother to join the Masonic lodge. He 
did so and all that was dramatic and at- 
tractive was highly appreciated by him. 
He thought it a glorious order. 

After ten and more years of thought 
and observation on the subject, at a '^la- 
sonic banquet in Chicago he arraigned 
the order on two points. 

I St. Its treatment of woman was un- 
worthy the enlightenment and civilization 
of the present century, a menace to their 
own happiness and usefulness and a dis- 
grace to the members as gentlemen. 

2d. The professions of the lodge that 
it was possessed of great light and of the 

immense value of its secrets were false 
and a stain on the manhood of any one. 

Thousands leave the Alasonic order 
every years. The reform is spreading 
within the lodge, and behind its tvled 


Preached July 28, 1901, in Washington, D. C 

This discourse, which was widelv pub- 
lished as part of the "patent inside" of 
many of our smaller pap^s in August, 
just past, has a history. Substantially this 
sariie sermon was preached in Brooklvn, 
N. Y., fourteen years three months and 
eleven days before, which date was April 
I/, 1887. It was reviewed by the press 
and its faults and fallacies were presented 
by men of learning, logic and profound 
piety : the editor of The Cynosure showed 
some of its dangerous tendencies in an 
"open letter,"' which closed with the fol- 
lowing appeal : 

"That Christ may look on and love vou 
as he did Peter, and that, like Peter, vou 
mav weep bitterly over that dreadful' fall 
in time to save many whom your sermon 
will lead into the lodge, is the prayer of 
your brother in Christ. 


Charity leads us to hope that Dr. Tal- 
mage never saw this letter, for now, after 
fourteen years, he brings out the old dis- 
course as if it were new, and the enemv 
has sowed the "tares" it contains up and 
down our beloved countrv. 

The text is taken from Proverbs, 2^th 
chapter and the latter part of the 9th 
verse : 

"Discover not a secret to another :" or. 
as the margin reads, "the secret of an- 

His first two paragraphs, while not su- 
perior to criticism, presented important 
truth remotely suggested by the text: 
which with the verses preceding and fol- 
lowing could appropriately ^be para- 
phrazed as follows : 

Do not hastily enter into a quarrel with 
a neighbor, or friend, lest thou be put to 
shame when it is found that no just occa-. 
sion for hard feelings existed and thou 
kno\vest not how to make amends for thv 



September, 1901. 

suspicion which has rightly brouglit upon 
thee disgrace and upon thy friend unmer- 
ited reproach. 

Go to thy neighbor and discuss the diffi- 
cuhy with him alone and refrain from 
reporting his real or seeming delinquen- 
cies to others : lest they, when, upon in- 
vestigation, they find that the accused 
party is innocent, cease not to upbraid 
thee and the ignominy of being swift to 
take offense and of having publicly and 
wrong-fully censured a neighbor will cause 
thee permanent injury. 

His far fetched conclusion in the intro- 
ductory paragraph is that people should 
not tell all they know, especially the ill 
they know or think they know of others. 
The important lesson of the text is wTest- 
ed to the disgrace of the doctor and the 
damage or destruction of others, and as 
the doctor proceeds, his words lead the 
listener farther and farther from the truth 
and from the text. His third paragraph 
represents Solomon as so distracted by 
reports of the privacies of the people of 
Jerusalem that he deplores, in this text, 
volubility and gossip about affairs that 
do not belong to us and extols the virtue 
of secretiveness. Such a deduction is un- 
warranted, for the text enjoins privacy 
concerning difficulties between ourselves 
and our neighbors, that do belong to us. 
The verse has no reference to the evils of 
''tale-bearing'" or evil-speaking in gen- 

That the discourse is chiefly for the en- 
couragement of the secret orders, is soon 
apparent. For his aid the doctor manu- 
factures a creature who opposes the do- 
mestic, social and moral association of 
people, by right methods and for good 
objects, to this phantom he says : 

"Do you cry out against it? — i. e., good 
association. Then you cry out against a 
tendency divinely implanted. Your ti- 
rades would accomplish no more than if 
you should preach to a busy ant hill a 
long sermon against secret societies." 

He now bids a complete and final fare- 
v»-ell to his text and reaches his defense of 
secret societies, which he introduces as 
follows : 

Here we find the oft discussed question 
whether associations that do their work with 
closed doors and admit their members by pass 
words and greet each other with a secret 
grip are right or wrong. I answer that it de- 

pends entirely on the nature of the object for 
vrhich they meet. Is it to pass the hours in 
revelry, wassail, blasphemy and obscene talk 
or to plot trouble to the State or to debauch 
the innocent, then I say, with an emphasis 
that no man can mistake, No! But is the ob- 
ject the defense of the rights of any class 
against oppression; the improvement of the 
mind, the enlargement of the heart, the ad- 
vancement of art, the defense of the govern- 
ment, the extirpation of crime or the kin- 
dling of a pure hearted sociality, then I say, 
with just as much emphasis, Yes. 
• How false and how superficial ! From 
the Katipunan of the Philippines all the 
way back through the Clan-na-Gael, Mol- 
lie ^IcGuires, Ku-Klux and Mafia, to 
Freemasonry, professed objects are good. 
From our first parents down, wrong 
methods not wrong objects have been the 
bane of life. All the good things Eve 
hoped to gain by her disobedience might 
have been hers in time if she had used 
right methods. 

How often are we compelled to turn 
with abhorrence from the deeds of good 
people and far oftener from those of bad 
people and bad organizations because of 
their methods. 

When this sermon was preached in 
Brooklyn, N. Y., more than fourteen 
years ago, able men showed the speaker 
his error. He was told that the faculty of 
conceahricnt belongs to man's lower na- 
ture. That it is more fully developed in 
brutes and reptiles than in men ; that the 
savage has more love and capacity for 
concealment than the civilized man ; that 
providing things honest in the sight of all 
men is the nobler way ; that a most im- 
portant evidence of Christ's divine na- 
ture was his frank and open methods, to 
which several times he refers. 'T spake 
openly." "I was daily with you in the 
temple teaching," and "in secret have I 
said nothing." 

Organized secrecy among a miscella- 
neous company, in time of peace, is a 
menace, a just cause of suspicion, clan- 
nish, and for petty uses is snobbish, shal- 
low, irreligious and contemptible in prin- 
ciple. Whatever good work its members 
do, and they may do much, is tarnished by 
this secret method. The members them- 
selves feel hampered by it and apologize 
for it and minimize the amount of it. 

The method Secrecy is evil and a so- 
ciety using it starts wrong. Rev. H. H.. 

September, 1901. 



Hinman wrote on this subject in review- 
ing this sermon as follows : 

There is nowhere iu the Sacred Scriptures 
any approval of or permission for anj^ society 
based on secrecy. Secret societies are no- 
Avhere referred to in the Scriptures, except 
to be condemned. 

Dr. Talmage's endorsement of societies 
which have good objects is a practical en- 
dorsement of Jesuitism, Nihilism, Ku Klux- 
ism and the anarchistic secret societies of 
Chicago and elsewhere; they all profess to 
have most excellent objects. 

But the doctor did not heed the instruc- 
tions of his teachers and again sends out 
his erroneous old sermon with all its with- 
ering influences. He proceeds*: 

There is no need that we who plan for the 
conquest of right over wrong should publish 
to all the world our intentions. The general 
of any army never sends to the opposing 
troops information of the coming attack. 
Shall we who have enlisted in the cause of 
God and humanity expose our plans to the 
enemy? No; we will in secret plot the ruin 
of all the enterprises of Satan and his co- 
horts. When they expect us by day, we will 
fall upon them by night. While they are 
strengthening their left wing we will fall 
on their right. By a plan of battle formed 
in secret conclave we will come suddenly 
upon them crying: "The sword of the Lord 
and of Gideon." Secrecy of plot and execu- 
tion is wrong only when the object and ends 
are nefarious. 

A\'ar and secret societies are relics of 
barbarism, a barbarism to which such ad- 
dresses as this are leading, to a barbarism 
of wdiich Lord Byron prophecies when 
he writes : 

Here is the moral of all human tales. 
'Tis but the same rehearsal of the past. 

First freedom and then glory. When that 
fails— wealth, vice, corruption, barbarism at 
last, and history with all her volumes vast 
hath but one page. 

When sin of any kind seeks powet its 
method is secrecy. It has become an ax- 
iom that darkness is preferred to light by 

"No men were ever confronted,'' wrote 
yiv. Hinman, ''with so mighty an under- 
taking and such vast and terrible opposi- 
tion as the apostles and primitive Chris- 
tians. If there was ever a just occasion 
for a secret combination it was when the 
wealth, the learning, the prejudice and 

the temporal power of the whole world 
was combined against them. They dis- 
carded military principles. They used 
none but open methods. 'By the mani- 
festation of the truth they commended 
themselves to every man's conscience in 
the sight of God.' Subsecpiently, when 
degeneracy had commenced, some Chris- 
tians departed from the principles of sim- 
plicity and openness, and sought to imi- 
tate the Eleusianian mysteries. Gibbon 
says that in consecjuence they were ac- 
cused of the grossest wickedness, and that 
it was assumed that they would not have 
formed a secret association unless they 
had some great wickedness to conceal." 

The discourse states that secret socie- 
ties "will gradually cease anything like 
tyranny over their members and will for- 
bid violent interference with any man's 
work, whether he belongs to their union 
or is outside of it." Such has not been 
the history of such societies in the cen- 
turies past and during the fourteen years 
since a lying spirit first prompted this ad- 
dress the tyranny of secret orders has in- 
creased. Illustrations in point are the 
Katipunan of the Philippines and the 
Trade Union strikes of the present hour. 

The doctor then commends college se- 
cret fraternities, which the unbiased well 
know are physically dangerous, promo- 
tive of caste, superficiality and render 
shallow the minds which were to be deep- 
ened and enriched by research in schools, 
until our prosperous men here and there 
advise the young to keep out of college if 
they wish success. 

Dr. Talmage tells us that good secret 
society men do not belong to bad institu- 
tions, ^lany instances to the contrarv 
may be fotmd. 

The leading man in a church sometimes 
owns a large liquor saloon or worse, a 
manufactory of liquor. He never drinks. 
He lives in a palace and at church appears 
like a saint. Liberal, devout men in every 
age have been connected with bad insti- 
tutions. They have as the years passed 
come out from them, glory to God, and 
exposed and forsaken them, but to-day 
the friends and consciences of many more 
are calling upon them to ''have no fellow- 
ship with the unfruitful works of dark- 

As if to fill to overflowing his measure 
of sin. Dr. Talmage o:ives a blow to those 



September, 1901. 

seceders from secret organizations, who, 
finding- them false to their promises, are 
for this reason released from connection 
with them and in duty bound to expose 

Three tests for secret societies he then 
presented. The first is the influence upon 
the home. AMth a spirit worthy of a 
great secret society, to which he does not 
belong, which requires a husband to train 
with an order excluding imbecile old men, 
voung men in their nonage, women of all 
ages and conditions, mad men and fools, 
he assures a wife (damaging her husband 
as he does so) of her loss of influence over 
her husband and of breaking her own 
scepter of conjugal power by nervously, 
foolishly and jealously objecting to her 
husband's evening absences and attention 
to art, literature, religion or charity. He 
then congratulates a man who devotes 
four of the six evenings to his family, one 
to charitable institutions and one to his 
lodge. The husband or the wife, where 
either party is connected with a secret 
society, of which the other is not a mem- 
ber, in so far forth as secrets are kept, is 
deprived of the consideration mutually 
pledged at marriage. The object of the 
society may be life insurance, art, litera- 
ture, social pleasures, civil or religious 
interests, it will be better promoted by 
uniting more firmly, not by dividing 
those whom God has joined together. 
Happy are they who comprehend and en- 
joy that God-created unity of heart, hope, 
mmd and voice which is found in an ideal 
Christian family, from which secret so- 
cieties are spurned. 

The second test of the worthiness or un- 
worthiness of a secret society, the doctor 
says, is its efifect upon your business. If 
that suffers it is bad ; if it prospers you 
in your business it is a good society. 
Whatever brings in money is all right, is 
the fearful principle which this fearful ser- 
mon commends. 

The last test mentioned is its influence 
upon one's sense of religious or moral ob- 
ligation. If it makes a man forget that he 
is to die it is bad. This thought seems to 
bring the speaker back from the mire of 
rotten principle to solid footing and he 
weaves a very stout rope of many small, 
dehcate influences — of memories of the 
marriage day, of social and domestic 
pleasures, of the sorrows which invade 

all homes and hearts, of the atonement of 
Christ and of the anticipations of heaven, 
and calls upon those who are going astray 
to — 

"Lay hold of it. Pull for your life ; pull 
for heaven." 

In the next number of this magazine 
we will present to Dr. Talmage the 
"open letter" so earnestly and affection- 
ately sent to him by the promoted ex- 
editor of The Cvn.osure. 


Sparkling Win^, Glittering gwords, Chris- 
^ tian Kn'ghts. 

No Commandery in the fraternity of Tem- 
plarism lias the reputation for wealth of its 
members as is given to No. 1 of San Fran- 
cisco. They are making great preparations 
to attend the triennial conclave to be held 
in Louisville. Wherever this Oommandeiy 
,has gone it has been one of the prominent 
features. The uniform is distinct from any 
other body of Templars, consisting of black 
velvet with silver trimmings. At a recent 
meeting they appropriated $11,500 for the 
purpose of making this pilgrimage all that 
it should be. The drill corps will be allowed 
$4,000 to prepare for its contest in the com- 
petitive drill. It will be mounted on black 
horses which will be the best the Blue Grass 
State can produce. Their headquarters will 
be at the Gait House, which will be deco- 
rated with California palms and semi-tropi- 
cal verdure. The windows will be darkened 
so as to give the appearance of a night scene 
with moonlight effects, heightened by the 
display of 3,000 colored electric lights. The 
decorations will cost $2,000. A San Francisco 
decorator will be sent a week in advance 
of the Commandery, to whom will be intrust- 
ed the details of these decorations. In front 
• of the Gait House will be erected an arch of 
electric lights extending across the street, 60 
feet wide and of appropriate height to allow 
the parade to pass through. It will be draped 
in the Commandery colors, and will be sur- 
mounted by a Knight Templar in full uni- 
form. For this structure $2,000 is reserved. 
The Commandery will bring two cars of the 
choicest California fruit for free distribution 
the day of the reception, with a supply of 
California wines. These will be bestowed 
on the guests In baskets, each to contain 3 
pounds of fruit and two bottles of wine. Of 
course, they will not be "quarts." For music 
they will spend $1,500, and will be -accom- 
panied by Bennett's San Francisco band. 

September, 1901. 



which will be provided with three nuiforui.s, 
one for street parade, one for orchestral con- 
certs and one for a bugle corps at the head 
of the Commandery in the parade. Sir 
Knights Avho do not participate in the pil- 
grimage are assessed to help pay the ex- 
penses.— Masonic Chronicle, May, 1901. 

Thirsty Lotiisville will be refreshed. 
^^' hat if the W. C. T. U. should get ahead 
of the Templar drinking club, with a pil- 
grimage, by rail, of its own ? 

,These "Christian Knights" will bring 
stunning costumes, glittering swords, 

sparkling wine and a cross. Blessed 

Louisville ! If the things that will be done 

in thee had been done in Sodom 

but weren't thev ? 


Wherever Templary is known on this broad 
earth it makes appeal to those whose hearts 
are devoted to the betterment of humanity, 
and the true salvation of the race. The cross 
is not with us an unmeaning symbol; it 
stands for the sign and means of the ulti- 
mate triumph of good over evil, of right over 
Avrong. of heaven over hell. Our banners are 
the ensigns of a consecrated host, and our 
beauseant leads to a sure victory, for Im- 
manuel is our leader.— Robert W. Hill. 

~Mv. Hill's claim is copied by the Ma- 
sonic Voice-Review, and contradicted by 
every Triennial Templar debatich. 



A Question Siiijgrested by Their Latest Con- 
clave, Held at Louisville, Ky., August 

The word conclave is from the Latin 
and primarily means a room that may be 
locked up. 

The Knights Templar order has select- 
ed the word as the fitting title of their bi- 
ennial assemblies, th-e last and twenty- 
eighth of which was held at Louisville, 
Ky., Aug. 27-30, ultimo. 

As sentinels in the cliurch militant \\e 
challenge them in tile name of humanity 
to halt — with the demand : 

"\Mio goes there?" 

No combination has a right to exist in 
the State, which does not minister to 
good citizenship, individual and general ; 
that is, to the largest friendly fellowship 
of each man to all men in the State, so 

here is given the outline of the Knights 
Templar degree (Prize Essay, p. 12) as. a 
truthful Sir Knight might reasonably be 
supposed to state it : 

"Who goes there?" 

I am a Knight Templar, created in a just 
and lawful Commandery of Knights Tem- 
plar. Preparatory to my reception 1 was con- 
ducted to the Chamber of Reflection, where I 
was left in silence and solitude to reflect 
upon and answer the following questions: 

1st. Should you ever be called to draw your 
sword will you Avield it in defense of the 
Christian religion? 

2d. Does your conscience upbraid you for 
any known or overt act unrepented of? 

3d. Do you solemnly promise to conform 
to all the ceremonies, rules and regulations 
of this Commandery as all valiant and mag- 
nanimous Sii* Knights have done, who have 
traveled this way before you? 

My answers were satisfactory to the Emi- 
nent Commander, but as a trial of. my pa- 
tience and perserverance he, to my suiiorise, 
enjoined upon me the performance of seven 
years of pilgrimage, clothed in pilgrim's 
weeds. Being so clothed, I commenced my 
tour, which instead of taking seven years, 
was concluded in the course of the evening. 
In the progress of my travels, which were 
wholly within the lodge room and chambers 
adjacent, I was represented by the Junior 
Warden, my conductor, as a weary pilgrim 
traveling from afar. The first, second and 
third guards, successively, gave me bread 
and water and read selections from the Holy 
Scriptures to me. 

Then the Junior Warden said to the War- 
den of the Commandery that I was a poor, 
weary pilgrim, who, having performed three 
long years of pilgrimage, now desired to ded- 
icate the four remaining years to deeds of 
more e:^alted usefulness and, if found worthy, 
to be admitted among the Knights. Being 
endorsed by my guide. I Mas conducted to 
the altar. Avhere, surrounded by Knights with 
swords, and kneeling upon cross swords, with 
my hands upon the Holy Bible, sqtiare. com- 
pass and cross swords thereon. I took upon 
me a solemn vow to 

Ever keep and conceal the secrets of this 
order of knighthood: that 

I would also supi)ort and maintain the con- 
stitution, rules and edicts of the Grand En- 
campment of the Ignited States, the statutes 
and regulations of the (J rand Connnander.r 
under whose jurisdiction I was placed: and, 

That I would answor Mud obey nil sunnnons 
from a rc>gular ComniMudory (U' from a Sir 
Knight, if poi^ible. witliin flie distance of 
forty miles: also. 'that 



September, 1901. 

I would assist with my eotmsel, prayers 
and my sword all poor aud destitute Sir 
Knights of the order, their widows and or- 
phans, they applying to me as such and 1 
tindiug them worthy; so far as I could with- 
out material injury to myself and family; and 
yet further 

That I would go to the distance of forty 
miles, barefooted and on frozen ground to 
save the life or relieve the distress of a 
worthy Sir Knight, should his- necessities re- 
quire and my circumstances permit; that 

I would not be present at the opening of a 
Commandery except nine regular Knights or 
the representatives of three different com- 
manderies were present; and that 

I would not be present at the conferring 
of the order upon one who had not regularly 
received all the necessary preceding degrees 
—and eighthly and finally, tha^ 

I would wield my sword in the defense of 
Innocent maidens, destitute widows, helpless 
orphans and the Christian religion. 

These vows I solemnly and sincerely prom- 
ised to fulfill under no less penalty than 

That of having my head smote off aud 
placed on the highest spire in Christendom 
should I wilfully or knowingly violate any 
part of this solemn obligation. 

After this I was directed to lay aside my 
staff, take up my sword and wield it in tlie 
defense of innocent maidens, destitute wid- 
ows, helpless orphans and the Christian re- 
ligion; to succor the needy, clothe the naked, 
feed the hungry and bind up the wounds of 
the afflicted. The Prelate then assigned me 
to four years' warfare, under the direction of 
the Senior Warden. Following the Senior 
Warden, I passed in succession, three guards, 
telling each that I was seeking the accom- 
plishment of valorous deeds to ennoble my 
name and also giving them the Pilgrim War- 
rior's pass. 

Maher-shalal-liash-l)az, as instructed by my 
guide, the Senior Warden. 

The Senior Warden then, Avith great for- 
mality, told the Eminent Commander that I 
had performed three long years of warfare, 
that I solicited the remission of the remain- 
ing year and craved the honors and awards 
that aAvait a valiant Templar. For the fourth 
time I gave the Pilgrim Warrior's pass, 

Maher-slialal- hash-baz, 

and Avas permitted to enter the asylum, and 
in response to the inquiry of the Eminent 
Commander as to Avhat profession I had to 
make in testimony of my fitness to be received 
as a Knight Templar, the Senior Warden, for 
me. said: 

"I noAv declare, in all truth and soberness, 
that I hold no enjuity or ill-Avill against a soul 
on earth that I Avould not cheerfully recon- 

cile, should I find in turn a corresponding dis- 

After commending these sentiments as 
worthy, the Eminent Commander demanded 
that I give stronger proofs of my faithful- 
ness by participation in five libations. 

The first was the drinking to the memory 
of our ancient Grand Master, Solomon, King 
of Israel, a Avineglass of wine and water Avith 
the Eminent Commander, followed by the 
sign of drawing the glasses across our 

The second libation Avas drunk to the mem- 
ory of our second Grand Master Hiram, King 
of Tyre, and followed by the same sign. 

The third libation was in honor of our an- 
cient operative Grand Master, Hiram Abtf, 
the Widow's son, followed by the sign. The 
Eminent Commander told me, that 

"These libations in honor of the illustrious 
Grand Master of Ancient Craft Masonry, are 
taken in acknoAvledgement of our connection 
with, and veneration for, that ancient and 
honorable institution; but the order to which 
you now seek to unite, said he, is founded 
.upon the Christian religion and the practice 
of Christian virtues; you will therefore at- 
tend to a lesson from the holy eA^angelist." 
After which I was required to extinguish one 
of twelve tapers burning on a triangular ta- 
ble; then the Generalissimo and Captain Gen- 
eral uncovered a human skull resting on a Bi- 
ble in the center of the table on a coffin. 

After this, lessons from the Bible and from 
the Eminent Commander were read and the 
fourth libation Avas drunk to the memory of 
Simon of Cyrene, who Avas compelled to bear 
the cross. 

The Eminent Commander then told me 
that I would be compelled to do a year's 
penance before I could participate in the fifth 
libation. With the human skull in one hand 
and a lighted taper in the other, after some 
marching, I AA^as conducted to the door of a 
small, dark room. 

Twelve stamps upon the floor and other for- 
malities occurred before I Avas admitted; the 
Senior giving for me the Pilgrim Penitent's 
pass, "Golgotha." Kneeling at the entrance of 
this room, called a "sepulchre," I listened to 
other scripture readings and at the close I 
Avas led into the darkened room near to the 
table from whence I saw, in the distance, a 
brilliantly lighted transparency, representing 
the resurrection and ascension of Christ and 
heard an ode on this subject, touchingly sung 
by the Knights. I was told that this scene 
represented the conclusion of the hallowed 
sacrifice offered by the Redeemer of the 
World to propitiate the anger of an offended 
Deity. After having a black cross suspended 
from my neck, accompanied by another lee-' 

September, 1901. 



ture in which the brevity of life was solemn- 
ly impressed upon me, the room was lighted 
up, I was led to the asjdum door or curtain, 
and my guide stated that I had performed 
the year's penance and sought to participate 
in the fifth libation. The Senior Warden 
gave the Pilgrim Penitent's pass for me, I 
was told that though my year of penance w^as 
ended my term of penance Avould continue 
while life lasted. 

Coarse diet, rough habit and severe duties 
were offered to and accepted by me and I ad- 
vanced and knelt at the base of the triangle. 
After, most deeply solemn remarks, the Emi- 
nent Commander drank wine from a human 
skull and then I repeated (after the Senior 
Warden had stated that I was w^illing to con- 
form to the requirements of the order) after 

"This pure wine I now take in testimony 
■of my belief in the mortalitj^ of the body and 
the immortality of the soul; and as the sins of 
the whole world were once visited upon the 
head of our Savior, so may all the sins of 
the person whose skull this once was, in 
addition to mj^ own. be heaped upon my head, 
and may this libation appear in judgment 
against me, both here and hereaf-ter, should 
I ever knowingly or wilfully violate this my 
most solemn vow of a Knight Templar: so 
help me God and keep me steadfast." 

I then drank of the wine. 

And at this point you can imagine my 
thought as the Knights charged upon me 
with unsheathed swords, placing them upon 
my unprotected breast, a token of the treat- 
ment they would bestow upon me should I 
prove false to my vows; and then they formed 
an arch of steel over my head. I was assured 
that these, with thousands of other swords, 
would leap from their scabbards in defense 
of my cause should I remain faithful. 

This fifth libation closed the most sacred 
and binding of my vows. I listened to an- 
other Scripture lesson about filling the posi- 
tion among the twelve disciples made vacant 
l)y the suicide of Judas, by lot; and by lot 
I was chosen to fill it. The vacancy was in- 
dicated by the presence of the taper on the 
triangle which I had extinguished. I was 
then dubbed or created a Knight by the -Emi- 
nent Commander of this most valiant and 
magnanimous order of Knights Templar and 
I was presented with a sword. Its hilt, I was 
told, symbolized justice, its blade fortitude 
and its point mercy. The due-guard suggest- 
ive of having my head taken off, if I was 
false to these vows, was then given me, the 
grand hailing sign of distress suggestive of 
one hanging on a cross and the Knights Tem- 
plar grip and star completed this seven years' 
service, so-called, which I passed through in 
one evening. But I have had manv eveninas 

since that time to think about it and these are 
some of the questionings of my mind upon 
the subject: 


[The Sir Kniohts questions will be answered in 
the October Cynosure.] 

In these times of peace is a man with a 
helmet upon his head adorned with v/hite 
feathers, an expensive suit of clothing, the 
coat held in place with a sash, with gloves 
and a cumbersome sword, well equipped for 
the practical protection of maidens, widows 
and children? 

Is it not an insult to my common sense to 
receive the good and bad things which were 
given me by little and little in such a way, 
with much valuable time wasted in precau- 
tions against revealing them to my wife, son 
or daughter, business partner, pastor or other 
relative or friend ? 

Are they just, true, lovely, and of good re- 
port? If so, why hide them from all who 
have not taken the preceding degrees? 

Why should I be asked about drawing my 
sword in defense of the Christian religion 
when that religion demands that we "follow 
peace with all men"? 

Why should I be required to solemnly prom- 
ise to conform to all the ceremonies, rules and 
regulations of my Commandery before I am 
allowed to know what tliey are? 

Is it necessary to mix nonsense and play 
with the oaths and penalties in such a witches' 
broth that one cannot tell what is solemn fact 
and what fiction? 

Should I seek the accomplishment of valor- 
ous deeds in order to ennoble my name? 

Do they play that thirty minutes are three 
years, that they command a seven years' pil- 
grimage and then excuse me from four, then, 
that they require four years of warfare and 
then excuse me from the last one, on condi- 
tion that I make it a year of penance? Is it 
strange that Washington and other men for- 
sook similar assemblies and warned people 
against their methods? 

Do not the military tactics, while a relief 
to the heavy and dreary inconsistency of this 
nondescript mixture of grave and severe and 
revolting with the convivial, tend to weaken 
the power of conscience and strengthen the 
influence of war— of brute force? 

Is it not worse than folly for me to promise 
to maintain the constitution, rules and edicts 
of the Grand Encampment Avhen I do not 
know what they are or will be? 

Are not secrecy and ignorant obedience al- 
ways the tools of tyranny? 

If I am to defend the Christian religion,, 
must I not renounce and witlistaud such or- 
ders as Knight Templarism? 

Does it not solemnly pledge me,, under pain 



September, 1901. 

of deatii, that I will do things iiiipossible, be- 
cause contradictory? 

Hare I invoked a punishment after death 
should I prove unfaithful to the Knights Tem- 
plar vow ? 

If I find that I have done all these things, 
what is the best course for me to pursue in 
view of existing circumstances? 

So questions my Sir Knight Templar friend, 
in his souFs "chamber of reflection." 

Of such men, under such or similar difficul- 
ties, was the recent Louisville Conclave com- 


This brings us to the question which, 
after all, is the most important one in 
connection with .this recent pageant : 
What did the whole thing mean ? What 
is it that is at the heart of all this posing 
as Knights Templar? 

At first sight, to any one who has any 
sense of the realities and appropriateness 
of history, the whole thing is apt to seem 
like a huge joke. To see plain, steady- 
going business men parading around in 
plumed hats and baldrics, in a uniform 
such as no ancient knieht ever wore in 
the world, and with swords which are just 
as much out of date as bows and arrows 
would be ; and, moreover, in this land 
which has abolished titles of nobility as 
an Old- World folly, to have them going" 
about gravely calling each other "Sir 
Knight" — why, the first efTect of it is as 
if some funny extravaganza of Mark 
Twain's were being enacted in a day- 
dream. When I saw a knight arriving 
from the country, with his grip-sack, and 
his plumed hat carefully tied up in a hand- 
kerchief, in one hand, and his sword and 
a big umbrella in the other, I could not 
help thinking how the ghost of Jaques de 
Molai or old GeofYry of St. Omer would 
laugh at such a queer burlesque of what 
in its days was such a grim earnest. It 
seemed like grown men of the nineteenth 
century playing at being knights of the 
twelfth ! And it was something so utter- 
ly dead and done with, they were playing 
at. They might as well have been play- 
ing at being mammoths or icthyosauri, 
or anv other extinct creatures. 


I think there is a great mistake current 
about what chivalry really was. It is re- 
garded as a much more artificial, sepa- 
rate, uniformed affair than in fact it was. 
The knight of the ancient time was sim- 
ply the gentleman of that time. He 
hadn't any uniform. The coat of armor 
was simply the ordinary gentleman's 
dress of the period. He did not even have 
any title; this ''Sir" in those days 
was just the common address to any gen- 
tleman, as we now say "Mister." And 
the work of the knight was simply the or- 
dinary gentleman's work of that day. 

This was the case with the general in- 
stitution of knighthood. It is a little dif*- 
ferent when we come to the special or- 
ders of knights, such as the Templars or 
the Knights of St. John. These "orders'' 
were a little more special in their ways 
and organization, but not much more. 
They were simply associations of gentle- 
.men of that time to do some special work 
of that time, but still no uniform, no ti- 
tles, none of the paraphernalia of dress 
or mysterious organization in v/hich our 
friends fancy they are reviving Templary ! 
At least not at first. There are two dis- 
tinct stages in the history of those an- 
cient Templars : in the first they were one 
of the very noblest groupings or associa- 
tions of real chivalry ; in the second stage 
they were rich, idle and useless. Let me 
recall to you the story of their origin. It 
is a very noble story. 

Origin Twelfth CenturylTemplars. 

It was just after the first crusade. Je- 
rusalem had been captured for Christen- 
dom, throngs of pilgrims were coming 
from far and wide. But Christendom had 
sunk back after its excitement ; it had, 
indeed, put a king in Jerusalem, but the 
Saracens were all round within a day or 
two's march, and the pilgrims were in 
constant peril and Jerusalem itself might 
be retaken. It was in that state of things 
that nine French gentlemen conceived 
the idea of banding themselves together 
and getting others to join them if they 
coul(f, to live in Jerusalem, to protect the 
pilgrims, and to be a sort of permanent 
guard .for the holy city. It was one of 
the most devoted things ever done. They 
were so poor that at one time it is said 
they had only one horse between two of 

September. 1901. 



them. And mark how they went to work. 
They didn't set up an apparatus of watch- 
words, and uniforms, and titles ! Do you 
suppose they started prancing round in 
some fanciful dress of six centuries ear- 
lier than their own ? Xot they. The real 
Templars dressed as gentlemen generally 
dressed then. You find it stated that 
they wore white tunics over their armor, 
but that was not as a pretty uniform, 
merely ; instead of costly silks and em- 
broideries which fashionable knights 
loved, they chose the very plainest thing 
a gentleman could put on ; and they just 
tacked a red cross to their shoulder that 
men might be able to recognize them. 
They had not even a formal name. They 
did not call themselves 'T<^nights Tem- 
plar." but simply "The poor soldiers of 
the Temple.'' That is all there was of it. 
It was no secret society. Their object 
was an open, public one. 

Object of Existence Changed. 

At first its members were few. poor, 
living in Jerusalem almost like a little 
band of monks. But their earnestness 
drew numbers to them, and drew gifts 
and rich endowments to them. They 
had lands in many countries ; they must 
have branches to look after those lands ; 
hence grew up their many commanderies. 
Then Jerusalem fell into the hands of the 
Saracens again ; there was no more work 
for them there, and they scattered over 
Europe, living in their various command- 
eries. So, within two generations of 
their founding, they had become a rich, 
powerful organization ; but the very ob- 
ject for which they professedly lived had 
ceased to exist. ' Now, that is a mischiev- - 
ous state of things ! I remember when 
the great Anti-Corn-Law-League in En- 
gland had done its work and the food mo- 
nopoly which had kept Eng-land poor was 
broken, many of those who had got used 
to working that powerful organization 
wished to perpetuate it, saying it would 
be sure to find something to do ; but 
John Bright and Richard Cobden pro- 
tested, and successfully, against its con- 
tinuance ; it is always a dangerous thing, 
they urged, for a powerful organization 
to remain after the need which origi- 
nated and inspired it has ceased. 

It would have been well if the Tem- 
plars had had sucli counselors and dis- 
banded when their work was no longer 

wanted. But no ! They remained in 
their widespread power; they lived on 
their rich estates ; they became idle, they 
became useless. And then it was, pre- 
cisely as their first spirit of chivalry died 
out. that the simple dress of their first 
founders was continued as a sort of uni- 
form ; then it was that their organizations 
branched out into wonderful titles ; and 
then it was that they gradually became 
more and more a secret society. They 
were no secret society while they had a 
clear, useful work in hand. Their se- 
crecy was simply their refuge when their 
first work was gone, and they had not 
any other to show, and still were holding 
huge properties on the strength of doing 
some work, and so had to make a mys- 
tery to keep out the public gaze. Then 
it was, and therefore it was, that all the 
kingdoms of Europe rose up against 
them. They were accused of all sorts of 
monstrous crimes. It is pretty well ac- 
cepted now that they were not guilty, 
but they had their secrecy to thank for 
the accusations. The real thing of which 
they were guilty, and for which they were 
done away, was that they were a great, 
rich organization, doing no good in the 
world, not fulfilling the trust for which 
their property had been given them, ex- 
ercising vast power without owing anv 
responsibility, shielding their own mem- 
bers from the law, and felt generally to 
be a great, mischievous, secret oppres- 

Present Day Templars. 

Xow this brings out the radical mis- 
take which our Templar friends are mak- 
ing. They are reviving the wrong thing ! 
T]iey are not reviving the simple chival- 
ry of its early period, but they are reviv- 
ing the artificial fripperies of its later 
period when chivalry was gone. They 
are not reviving the Templary of the few 
men who, without tiniform. or titles, or 
machinery, grasped hands to do a much- 
needed service of the hour ; they are re- 
viving the Templary of the comfortable 
commanderies scattered over Europe, 
and sunk into a secret, irresponsible pow- 
er, with no particular object and no help, 
or protection except to their own mem- 

True Chivalry. 

The real analogy and equivalent of chi- 
\ airy to-day is not some uniformed, and 



September, 1901. 

armed, and titled person, got up in the 
style of the past,' though otherwise like 
otlier people ; it is simply the Christian 
gentleman, in the dress of the present, in 
all outward respects like other people. 
And the modern equivalent of the spe- 
cial orders of chivalry is when such 
Christian gentltemen band themselves 
together for some urgent object of good 
to their fellow-men, to right some wrong, 
to carry some unpopular reform, or to 
free society from some strongly rooted 
oppression. \Mien Thomas Clarkson set 
himseli to rouse England to the horrors 
of the ocean slave trade, when Cobden 
and Bright leagued themselves with their 
Httle band of Free Traders to break down 
the monopoly of the Corn laws which 
starved the poor — in these societies, in 
these movements, doing generous work 
for to-day in the garb and method of to- 
day — in such things are the real crop- 
pmg up of the old spirit of chivalry. 

Yes ; if I were asked to name perhaps 
the closest parallel to what those first 
nine poor Templars did when they start- 
ed their movement to protect Jerusalem 
and its pilgrims, I should not have to go 
back to past ages or far-off lands. You 
have had it here, in America, in your 
o-\\n matter-of-fact^ age — yes, a finer chi- 
valry even than that of Templary, even 
at its finest — I mean the anti-slavery 
movement, when Garrison, and Lundy, 
and Samuel J. May, and their handful of 
brave sympathizers, with all America op- 
posing them, and. howling them down, 
set themselves to work out the abolition 
of slavery, and would not be put down, 
and would not hold their peace ! 

Suppose that when five hundred years 
are gone, and this anti-slavery episode 
shines out, as it wall do, as one of the 
most heroic episodes in history, some 
good people, thinking that future cen- 
tv.ry as prosaic as each age does think it- 
se-f, set themselves to' get up a revival of 
the heroism of the past, and -fix on this 
picturesque episode of abolitionism as 
tiie peg to hang their revival upon. Can't 
you imagine how they might do it ? By 
that time the word ''Abolitionist," one 
hopes, will have no more reference to 
any living issue than 'Templar" has to- 
day ; and they may call themselves Abo- 
litionists, and make a fine secret society 
of it ; and. as thev would find that the lo- 

cal subdivisions of the original abolition- 
ism were called branches, they might call 
their societies branches, as the Templars 
call theirs commanderies ; and they would 
have the John Brown Branch, the Garri- 
son Branch, the Douglass Branch, and 
so forth. Nay, by that time the dress of 
to-day will probably be as obsolete as 
arinor and leather jerkins, and so, as they 
look up the portraits of their heroes, and 
see them all dressed in coats and trou- 
sers, w^hich to us seem. prosaic enough, 
they may take these to have been a sort 
ol uniform of the Ancient order of Aboli- 
tionists, and may adopt them as the re- 
galia and insignia of their revival, and pa- 
rade in them in the cities of the future. 
Does not this show the folly and blunder 
of this wdiole kind of thing"? It is an in- 
ju stive alike to the past and to the pres- 
— FroDa a sermon iu Cliicago Daily Tribune. 


The General Assemly of the American 
U. P. Church met at Des IMoines, Iowa, 
May 22. We take the following from a 
report of the account given by a pastor on 
his return : 

"Another matter which engaged a 
great deal of attention was whether mem- 
bers of the United Presbyterian Church 
were good members of that religious body 
who were also members of any secret or- 
der which did not countenance the di- 
vinity of Jesus Christ. The assembly 
decided they were not. 

"He spoke of the societies which are 
ignoring the divinity of the Lord Jesus 
Christ, saying that the Assembly urged 
that these societies should not be encour- 
aged or patronized by Christian men, but 
the societies which honor Christ in their 
ritual are all right in the eyes of the 
United Presbyterian Assembly." 

It is a question whether that last state- 
ment by the reporter was warranted by 
what the pastor said or what the assem- 
bly did. Probably the phrase "counte- 
nance the divinity of Christ" is one that 
the assembly would hardly use. The so- 
cieties cannot be numerous that would 
recognize Jesus in a way acceptable to 
anv Presbvterian assemblv. 

September, 1901. 




A week ago last Sunday afteruoou our pas- 
tor went to Lanclon Hall to preach to the 
Order of Modern Woodmen of America, at 
2:30 p. m., and invited all the congregation. 
Sabbath morning, to come and hear him at 
the hall, omitting his sermon at night in the 
church. It was a Memoraial sermon, and 
after the hall service they marched to the 
cemetery and strewed flowers over the graves 
of their dead brethren. I, with a few oth- 
ers, was not present. I felt that it was wrong 
to invite Christians to such an occasion and 
on the Lord's day. who said. "In secret have 
I said nothing." MRS. J. R. JOHNSON. 

The ^lodern Woodmen of America is 
a fair specimen of insurance lodges. It 
sought to remove all objections on relig- 
ious grounds. It succeeded abotit as well 
as worldly men could be expected to. We 
quote from its Official History : 

It is a "purely secret society." and its 
ritual is modeled in part after ^Masonry, 
in part after Oddfellowship. and in other 
parts after the "treasure house of ancient 
mystery — the Grand Elusinian rites." 

It is organized to include the "Jew and- 
Gentile, the Catholic and the Protestant, 
Jew. Agnostic and Atheist. 

This 3,1. \\'. of A. that would avoid all 
objections that a Christian might raise 
seems never to have thought of the Chris- 
tian as one commanded to be separate 
and not to be unequally yoked with the 
Jew. Agnostic and Atheist. 

Recently they have adopted the first 
Sunday in June as their day for memorial 
services, and worldly ministers and 
churches will be bidding for their attend- 
ance and the consequent collection, as 
they now do for the Knights Templar 
Easter service. 

Ought not a Christian to abandon the 
order on account of its funeral and burial 
services, which are the same for Agnostic. 
Jew or Christian ? 

At the cemetery the Consul says of the 
dead Woodman, "But the spirit has gone 
to him who gave it." ''Mourn not his de- 
parture. He shall live in the eternal glo- 
ries of his ]\Iaker." "As we have borne 
the image of the earthly, we shall also 
bear the imaoe of the heavenlw" 



Prayer and pains through faith in Je<us 
Christ will do anything. 
— Tolm E iot. 

On the /th of 3Iay. i8io. in the home 
of a pioneer Xew York farmer, a daugh- 
ter, Parmelia Milks, was born. Her 
childhood v.-as spent in useful tasks and 

AA'hen twenty-two years and three 
months old, she became a happy Chris- 
tian, and from tliat time forward her 
powers were sanctified to the sers'ice of 
Christ. It was tlie glad day of her life 
when, with her young companions, a 
company of thirty in all, she united with 
the church. 

On the 26th of January, 1834, in Ful- 
ton, X. Y., she \\as married to Ezra 
Sprague Cook, a young Methodist Epis- 
copal minister. Impulsive, sagacious, 
earnest and persevering, she was an effi- 
cient aid to her husband throughout his 
\\\\.\ On January 15, 1881. he was called 
home. Although her own health was deli- 
cate, by a careful study of her physical 
needs, and a self-denying observance of 
hygienic conditions, her life was prolong- 
ed until July 27, 1901. Five children sur- 
vive her, Louise D. and Mary -\. Hemen- 
way. Xathaniel, Ezra A. and David C. 

Opposed to every form of sin, she in- 



September, 1901. 

stilled into the minds of those whom she 
inliuenced, right views on the vital ques- 
tions of the day, among which were econ- 
omy, humility, purity, temperance, anti- 
secrecy and Sabbath observance. 

As the time of her departure from 
earth approached, in the heat of July, her 
thirst for cold water was urgent. When 
it subsided she said with fervid elo- 
quence : 

"I will drink no more from the hy- 
drants of men; the cold, pure waters of 
the celestial city shall refresh me." 

A'isions of loved ones gone before, tell- 
ing of the joys of heaven, cheered her 
last days, and then, as all through her 
pilgrim journey, the presence of her Sa- 
vior was her supreme blessing and un- 
failing support. 

The kindness of friends which enrich- 
ed the closing pteriod of her life is held 
by her children in grateful appreciation. 

"No matter when death comes," writes 
a friend, "it is scarcely ever welcome ; 
but it is deprived of most of its terrors 
when we can recall and hold in remem- 
brance a long and well-spent life — such 
as that of your dear one who has passed 
to the better land." 

Mtm of §nx Por 

Cynosure readers will be interested es- 
pecially in the soliloquies in this number 
of a Knight Templar following the de- 
scription of "Who are the Knights Temp- 

Rev. P. B. Williams has kept the stand- 
ard raised against evil in his section of 
Ohio. He says, "the least agitation of 
the question stirs the devil as nothing else 

The lodge members at Port Jefferson 
have sent him by a neighbor a challenge 
to a debate, and he has replied that he 
will meet them. Later he writes that 
there was a complete backdown on the 
part of lodge defendant. Bro. Williams' 
next lecture is to be at Zion. 

Thank God for the number of evangel- 
ists who are throwing themselves against 
the lodge evil. The past month has 
brought word to The Cynosure of the 

brave work Evangelists' B. S. Taylor, 
Malcom B. Williams and Jas. M. Tay- 

The story "At What a Cost" in this 
number is by the daughter of Rev. H. H. 
Hinman, for many years an agent of this 
association, and also a frequent contribu- 
tor to The Cynosure. 

Rev. C. Brooks, Livermofe, Iowa, is 
planning for a series of addresses in three 
towns on Sunday and one each evening 
through the week in different places. He 
wishes his fellow citizens to know what 
the lodge teaches both by precept and ex- 

Campbell Morgan's address before the 
convention of the Baptist Young Peo- 
ple's Union, says The Advance, was mag- 

Pie spoke of the practical atheism and 
animalism and materialism of our time ; 
that the new century will be characterized 
by conflicts more severe and terrible than 
any which the Christian church has yet 
seen. He said : 

"I want to see the young people take 
an offensive position against all forms of 
evil. What the devil wants you to do is 
to let him alone. The plea of all evil is, 
let us alone. But we must answer: we 
never will let you alone, we will fling our- 
selves against you whenever you appear. 
It is true that in the conflict we will be 
wounded and bruised. There is no deny- 
ing that or avoiding it. But it is by being 
bruised that the Christian life is tested 
and made perfect." 

Another letter in Spanish has been 
received from our Mexican friend, Rev. 
A/Iercado, of the M. E. Church. His 
effort to instruct the church in Mexico in 
the fundamental principles that underly 
opposition to Freemasonry ought to re- 
ceive the earnest sympathy and prayers 
of our readers. The war between Cathol- 
icism and Masonry in Mexico and South 
America will tend to make infidels of 
both Protestant and Catholic unless the 
principles of the Gospel as applied to Ma- 
sonry and Catholicism are made known. 
Hence let us do what we can to support 
Rev; Mercado in Mexico, and Dr. N. S. 

September, 1901. 



do Couto in Brazil while they lift up the 
standard in those countries. The asso- 
ciation is contributing to both move- 
ments and we trust that the blessing of 
God may rest upon them. 

Alembers of the National Christian As- 
sociation and its friends ought to rejoice 
that God has raised up at least one Asso- 
ciation to which the godly of all nations 
are more and more looking- for help 
against this secret enemy that has come 
in like a flood. 

Secretary J. P. Stoddard writes of the 
editorial of the New York Weekly Wit- 
ness on Talmage's defence of secret so- 
cieties, which we publish on another 
page. He says : 

"When great lights in the ministry are 
darkened, the lesser lights shine more 
brilliantly, and reflect more faithfully the 
light of the Son of Righteousness, who 
set our 'Polar Star' in the heavens, which 
has been The Cynosure of many fugitives 
from lodge bondage to liberty in Christ." 

Rev. S. O. Irvine, of Manitoba, is a 
name that has not appeared recently in 
these columns. He writes, however, that 
he keeps green his testimony and recent- 
ly preached twice in different churches 
on the reform. He sends for a new sup- 
ply of literature. 

Rev. Miles Fisk is pushing- the work 
in his home in A'ermont with energv and 

Having been delivered from bondage 
himself, C. A. Lagville is doing good 
work in New York, especially with tracts. 
When a lodge member he knew what 
fear was, but now in its place he says : 
'T have joy, peace, happiness and con- 

Our faithful brotlicr, A. J. .Millard, of 
Little Rock, Ark., writes : 

'T am still on the war path against the 
hidden things of darkness for which I am 
suffering persecutions from '"false 
brethren." but I count it all joy and push 
oil that much harder ; have just been si- 

lenced in the little country church where 
I have been preaching and another per- 
son substituted that is in sympathy with 
those that have the 'mark' in their right 
hand, but, bless God, I found a mission 
station where I have three times larger 
audiences, a union Sunday school and 
mission that the Masonic bosses cannot 
control, and I am having a better oppor- 
tunitv for the work." 

From a sketch in the August North 
American Review we gather the follow- 
ing : 

Colonel L. W. V. Kennon, the author 
of the important paper entitled ''The Ka- 
tipun^in and the Philippines/' has been 
in the United States service since 1881. 
His writing an article, entitled "The 
Changes in Infantry Tactics Necessitated 
by the Development of the Modern- Arm," 
has attracted authorities both in this 
country and in Europe. He later pre- 
pared a work relating to infantry tactics 
which was adopted by the War Depart- 
ment. As Captain, he served with his 
regiment during the war with Spain. 
Colonel Kennon 's proficiency in the 
Spanish language and the nature of his 
service has given him exceptional oppor- 
tunities for acquainting himself with the 
objects and operations of the Katipunan 

The man or woman who learns to give 
in the right spirit forgets all about the 
duty in the privilege, and the absence of 
life's necessities would bring no such dis- 
tress as to be cut off from this luxurv. 
—A. T. Piersoii, D. D. 


Lessons on the Bible and Constitution, 
an Iowa Farmer. 


A pamphlet of 64 pages of law and gos- 
pel applied to secret societies will be sent 
free to everyone sending 3 cents for cost 
of postage, envelop and mailing. If you 
desire these booklets in quantities for free- 
distribution write, stating your needs. 

Address all orders to^ The Christian 
Cynosure. Chica^-o. 111. 



September, 1901. 

In the October number of The Cyno- 
sure, a study on the subject of Bible Read- 
ing in Schools is planned. The Bible 
is the protector of all people in their phy- 
sical, civil and moral rights and privi- 

An article in The American Tyler, Aug. 
I. 1901, quotes the number of suspensions 
from the lodge for non-payment of dues 
for one year at 14,808. It reports the net 
gain for the year in the United States 
as 25.645 ; in Canada, 1,519. 

Friends, what are you doing to pre- 
vent the spread of Freemasonry and oth- 
er secret orders ? 

Has your church a committee for the 
aid of the anti-secret cause and the en- 
lio^htenment of Christians on the sub- 


The methods by which to advance the 
Kingdom of Christ by removing all 
stumbling blocks out of the way are 
many. Those for keeping the church and 
the nation free from the secret orders 
recommended by the National Christian 
Association at their last annual meeting 
are : 

1. Organization. 

2. Circulation of The Cynosure and 
other anti-secret literature. 

3. Promotion of Bible reading and 

4. Studies in The Cynosure concerning 
secret societies. 

5. Petitions. 

6. Lectures. 

Along which of these lines are yon 


Cleona, Pa., Aug. 17, 1901. 
Dear Cynosure : 

The season for grove and camp-meet- 
ings is again here. 

Not alone the religious good sought 
but the novelty, change, rest, and other 
features of these meetings make them 
popular with the masses. While many 
seek spiritual blessing, the multitudes are 
doubtless seeking an outing and to meet 
friends. Christ taught the multitudes in 

the fields, and on the mountains, why 
should not His disciples ? 

Last month, when in Virginia, we ad- 
dressed a congregation called together 
by our friend and brother, Garber, in the 
grove near the Middle River School- 
house, some ten miles from Stanton. 
Standing in sight of the Blue Ridge 
IMountains, as they towered into the 
clouds, we were naturally reminded of 
Llim, who cheers us with the promise 
that, "As the mountains are round about 
Jerusalem, so the Lord is round abotit 
them that fear Him." Oh, the security 
of those in Christ ! Those who trust in 
their lodges have no. such protection. 

For the third year we have attended 
the camp-meeting of the Radical United j 
Brethren, on the ground near Kauffman 1 
Station, Pennsylvania. As usual, there 
was- a welcome and an opportunity to 
speak many times. We were permitted 
to preach in the hearing of some two 
thousand souls, and to present the Anti- 
Christian character of the lodge to a 
smaller company. Renewals were re- 
ceived and new names added to the Cy- 
nosure list. This gathering was greatly 
blessed of God, both in the strengthening 
of believers and the conversion of sin- 
ners. Over tw.enty professed to have 
been born again, and made to rejoice in 
their Savior. It was surely good to be 

A Sabbath was spent on the Dillsburg 
work with Brother Coleson. We filled 
his appointments, preaching at Bethany 
in the morning and at Franklintown in 
the evening. There was a blessing both 
to speaker and hearer -in the messages 
presented. We are glad to see fruit from 
the seed-sowing of other days. 

At Harrisburg, Union Deposit and in 
many other places in this section we are 
told of favorable impressions made, of 
persons brought out of the lodges, and 
others kept from entering. 

We are now at the home of our broth- 
er, C. F. Kreider. He is one of our 
stand-bys. Preparation is made for the 
LTnion Christian camp meeting, which 
opens in the grove near by next Mon- 
day and continues for six days. In order 
that those attending here may receive 
the greatest possible spiritual good, all 
huckstering and other diverting things 
are kept from the grounds. A commo- 

September, 1901. 



dious tabernacle has been erected, the 
usual number of tents are pitched and 
there is expectation of a great spiritual 
uplifting. The anti-secrecy cause is wel- 
come here so far as our mission and 
methods are understood. Preaching will 
be divided between the German and En- 
glish languages. 

We plan to visit New England for a 
time when work here is completed. 
Yours in the work, 

W. B. Stoddard. 


Paul B. Fischer, Agent. 

Readers of the Christian Cynosure : 
On July 9 I left Chicago for New York 
State, to do the contract N. C. A. work 
in Otsego County and to labor elsewhere 
in the capacity of iield-agent. Before 
reaching Otsego County I spoke once in 
Buffalo, Batavia and Utica, twice in Ro- 
chester and three times in Syracuse, and 
distributed literature, and interviewed 
pastors in each of these places. 

In Otsego County I have visited Rich- 
field Springs, Schuyler's Lake, West Ex- 
eter, Aionticello, Exeter Center, Coopers- 
town, Fly Creek, Roseboom, Little 
Lakes, Springfield Center, Pleasant 
Brook, Oaksville, Hartwick, Hartwick 
Seminary and Westford, and shall visit 
other villages before returning. 

It will be impossible and useless for me 
to give a detailed account of my work, 
and I will confine myself to a few facts 
in connection with it which may prove of 
interest to Cynosure readers. 

While in Batavia I visited the Morgan 
monument. My readers are doubtless 
more or less familiar with its appearance 
and history. It is considerably the most 
conspicuous object in the Batavia ceme- 
tery, and is easily seen from the New 
York Central cars, which pass within ^a 
stone's throw. I mention it simply to re- 
mark that it undoubtedly is a paying in^ 
vestment. It would have been difficult 
to have devised more effective ways for 
employing the funds used for its erec- 
tion. While it may not cause the actual 
renunciation of lodge memberships, yet 
it must of necessity force men to think 
on the subject — many of whom would 
otherwise have swallowed all the claims 

and professions of the lodge without 
questioning them — by the mere fact that 
it protests against the whole secret sys- 

I have interviewed about forty pastors 
of several denominations. All but six of 
these have expressed an active disbelief 
in secret orders on principle, but not 
more than ten of the thirty-four ever pre- 
sent the matter in their pulpits. Of the 
six two were indifferent and the remain- 
ing four held lodge memberships — two 
Masons, one G. A. R. and one Maccabee. 
The two last named were, however, quite 
outspoken in their condemnation of the 
major orders, but thought what little se- 
rrecy existed in their own practically 
harmless. Of the two Masons one seemed 
to me to be rather ashamed of the fact. 
It was not until we had conversed for 
some time that he told me he was a Ma- 
son and — as it seemed intentionally — 
gave me at first the impression that he 
belonged to no secret orders. The other 
A'lasonic pastor was quite vehement in 
his defense of his society, and has been 
accustomed to delivering sermons and 
lectures in its behalf. He was carried 
away with his eloquence to such an ex- 
tent that he rashly stated that he was 
willing to prove in public debate with 
anyone that there was nothing in Masonry 
which would hinder an active Mason from 
being at the same time an ideal Christian. 
I immediately expressed a desire to ac- 
commodate him, he promised to open his 
church for the discussion, agreed to a 
date, and then seeing that I really in- 
tended to accept his' challenge, refused to 
say anything more and left the room. 
This conversation occurred in the home 
of another pastor (M: E.) and both he 
and his wife were indignant at the very 
patent insincerity of this man. The inci- 
dent was very suggestive to me. Here 
was a man who is accustomed to deliver 
eulogies on the lodge. He denies liatly 
that any of the secrets of Masonry were 
ever revealed ; he pretends to believe it a 
helpful institution ; he boasts of his will* 
ingness to debate the subject, and vet 
proves to be afraid of a fair discussion. 

If my work has benefited no one else, it 
has certainly proved of great benefit to 
me. and I am grateful for the opportunitv 
which the officials of the N. C. A. have 
afforded me. Paul B. Fischer. 



September, 1901, 


Since July 26th last I have visited six 
camp-meetings in the interests of the 
anti-lodge reform. The attendance at 
these gatherings of representative per- 
sons scattered over a large area in our 
own and other lands, has been good, I 
have found a great diversity of views on 
religious and secular topics, but far less 
dissension upon the question of lodge in- 
fluence than upon almost any other sub- 

Owing perhaps to the fact that such 
gatherings are controlled and largely 
composed of devout, spirituahy-minded 
Christian workers, I find very few apolo- 
gists for the secret lodges, while there is 
an overwhedming sentiment against 
them. A few among many instances will 
illustrate the state of feeling prevailing 
in these annual gatherings in New En- 
gland, At the first in the series I en- 
countered a veteran and giant in his day, 
who at past four score is not wholly 
shorn of his strength, who entered heart- 
ilv into the work and led the way to the 
President's cottage and introduced me 
with hearty commendation. I was es- 
pecially interested in two young minis- 
ters at this meeting who were seeking to 
know the truth, with a purpose to intel- 
ligently rebuke a subtle enemy of whose 
presence in their churches they \wtrt al- 
ready aware. 

Portsmouth Camp, in Rhode Island, 
was a large and more enthusiastic gath- 
ering. It was in "fullness of the Spirit," 
and hence no sins were petted or coddled 
on account of their popularity or preva- 
lence. It was a people's rather than a 
preacher's meeting, where many con- 
fessed Christ before men and told of His 
marvelous dealings with them. I failed 
to find a single advocate of the secret or- 
ders. A number had renounced the 
"hidden things of dishonesty," but not a 
man appeared in their defence. 

At Springfield there was the old-time 
DOwer and freedom. One old man, who 
sat smoking in the door of his cottage, 
was the only instance of attempted lodge 
defence, and he freely admitted that all 
beyond the Blue Lodge was a swindle, 
and that there was much in Craft Ma- 
sonrv that was foohsh and useless. 

Northfield was the Mecca of pilgrims 
from near and far, and furnished a rare 
opportunity for reaching the uttermost 
parts of our beloved land, A hundred 
and seventy-five canvas tents, in addi- 
tion to spacious buildings, were taxed to 
their utmost to accommodate the thou- 
sands who came up to this annual "feast 
of thought and flow of soul." The gen- 
eral exclusion of miscellaneous literature 
did not seriously interfere with my work 
and the way opened for personal conver- 
sation and the distribution of a large 
amount of printed matter. 

I can speak only or one or two items. 
One brother said, "God bless and pros- 
per you in your work, I was a member 

of the church and the Masonic 

lodge for twelve years. If I had died I 
should have gone straight to hell. I am 
a free man and 'have fellowship with the 
Father and with His Son,' I am in good 
company. Hallelujah !" 

A Vermont pastor took one degree in 
Masonry, but could not be induced to 
go farther by the most liberal offers and 
earnest persuasions. His last experi- 
ence was with the agent of the Modern 
Woodmen, who had invaded his parish 
and appealed for clerical influence and 
assistance in organizing a lodge, which 
he failed to obtain, 

I write hastily from this Willimantic 
M. E. camp-meeting, where I have been 
accorded gener6us liberty by the Elder 
and his committee, who assure me of 
their sympathy. This is the seventh in 
a series of nine camp-meetings for which 
I have planned, and without an exception 
thus far there has been a very marked in- 
crease of sentiment adverse to all secret 
societies and a greater desire for infor- 
mation, with a willingness to speak and 
act in defense of church against this sub- 
tile enemy of its peace and purity, "Our 
God is marching on," Let all the faith- 
ful fall into line, 

James P, Stoddard, 

WiUimantic, Conn., Aug, 21, 1901, 

Peevishness may be considered the 
canker of life that destroys its vigor and '•; 
checks its improvement ; that creeps on ^ 
with hourly depredations, and taints and 
vitiates what it cannot consume. 
—Samuel Johnson, 

September. lO.H. 



"O Dean ! Aren't you ready for one of 
our old Sunday afternoon walks and 
talks ? \\'e haven't been down in the 
back pasture for weeks." 

"Too bad. Aunt Lill ! I'm always so 
rushed. I'd like a stroll first-rate, but 
I've a letter or two to write." 

"Seems to me, dear, I've heard that 
excuse before.'' 

" 'Honest Injun,' Aunt Lill, I must 
write some letters. I've no other time.'' 

Aliss Lawrence sighed. "I wish yoti 
weren't so busy, dear, that Sunday is your 
onlv day for correspondence.'' 

"\\'ell. Aunt Lill, you have no idea how 
driven we are since the college became a 

]\Iiss Lawrence's thin face relaxed in a 
faint smile, which her quick-witted 
nephew readily interpreted. 

"Xow, Aunt Lill" — with a blush — 'T 
don't pretend to bone as you did, but now- 
adays, you know, there's stich a variety 
of interests, — and that's what broadens 
life, so Prexy says.'' 

Aliss Lawrence sighed again, as she 
turned away. She had heard the same 
plea made for many innovations which 
to her seemed perilous, if not pernicious. 
"Am I growing narrow and bigoted?" 
she wondered as she strolled down to the 
clump of willows in the back pasture. 

A more startling innovation than any 
hitherto introduced was contemplated by 
a number of prominent up'per-class men, 
of whom Dean Lawrence, a handsome, 
brilliant, and popular Junior, was fore- 
most. \Mth the proposed step Dean's 
letter that Simday afternoon had to do. 
His Aunt Lillian would have been hor- 
ror-stricken could she have glanced over 
his shoulder and followed the bold, swift 
strokes of his facile pen. 

The letter was addressed to Edwin 

Ward Wellman, Harbridge. ^lass.. 


It read as follows : 

'Alarlboro, O., Oct. lo, 19 — . 
"Dear old ]\Ian : 

''Your scheme of organizing a chapter 
of Alpha Beta Chi in old ^Marlboro meets 
with marked favor among the leading fel- 
lows. Since the college has become a 
university, it is felt that there is both 
room and necessity for the fraternities. 
So come on as soon as you like. I must 
warn you, though, to proceed a little cau- 
tiously. The old prejudice against secret 
societies here hasn't wholly died out, and 
there are scores of people still who swear 
by old President Farnam, who believed 
that a student should study half his time 
and go to meeting the other half, and who 
wrote a book against ^Masonry. Most of 
the faculty are with us except two or three 
of the older profs. You'll have to go 
slow with Prof. Earle : he's been called 
our strongest man for thirty years past, 
though I think he is losing some of his 
influence now. Back in the early days 
of his professorship — a hundred years or 
so ago. I guess ; before my time, any- 
how — he delivered a lecture against se- 
cret societies, which is kept in the arch- 
ives. But he may have weakened on that 
point as he has on others. 

"I want to warn you about one or two 
other points.. You'll excuse it. I know, 
for we aren't half out oi the shell here yet. 
The rule against smoking is practically a 
dead letter, but I would recommend vou 
not to be seen smoking while you are 
here. Some of the younger profs, do it 
on tlie quiet, but it's a little off color still. 
and we want you to make a good impres- 
sion. Of course you know you can't get 
anything to drink in the old town. To he 
honest. Ed. though I'm not a crank, that 
feature of fraternity life doesn't appeal to 
me. and I hope it won't appear in Marl- ' 
boro yet awhile. There can be good-fel- 
lowship without it. I'm sure. 

"Sociability is what we want. Class 
spirit is going down before the system of 



September, 1901. 

electives and we want something to take 
its place. The girls have ruled society 
here too long. They're cjuite high and 
mighty, I tell you — no 'annex' about 
^Marlboro, and they aren't even called 'co- 
eds.' You'd think they were the whole 
show. In fact, it's been a hard fight in 
vears past to save Marlboro from becom- 
ing a Female Seminary. The fraternities 
will change all that.'' 

(Dean's bitterness, it may be explained, 
was due to the fact that a pretty little 
Freshman who had come to college to 
prepare for teaching and not for matri- 
mony, had repelled his attentions as too 
loverlike. At the same time he suffered 
the humiliation of seeing her outshine 
him in an elective wdiich they had in com- 

'The fraternities will draw the fellows 
as few other things — except athletics — 
can. It will bring in wealth. It will lead 
to the erection of handsome buildings, 
which will be a source of pride to the 
whole university. Work these argu- 
ments for all you're worth with the Fac. 
and you'll fetch 'em. 

''Let me know when you plan to come 
and we'll meet you with the band. Wish 
Lew could come with you. 

"Meanwhile, 'here's hoping' ! Yours, 


Could Lillian Lawrence, Marlboro 
Alumna of the class of '80, have seen this 
letter, she would have fallen on lier face 
in her small white chamber in passionate 
prayer that her loved alma mater might 
be spared this pollution. Marlboro ! In 
its early days the name had been the 
synonym for m.oral heroism, reform, re- 
ligion of the highest and most unworldly 
type. Even in later years a famous clergy- 
man and author had spoken of it as 
standing for the highest service, the. serv- 
ice of God and humanity. And now— ! 

Dean's letter reached its destination 
two days later. In a magnificent apart- 
ment of the Alpha Beta Chi Hall sat two 
young men, both noticeably handsome 
and well dressed. The older had the air 
of a thorough man of the world ; the 
younger, by his expressive dark eyes and 
finely cut features, we recognize as 
Dean's younger brother, the "Lew'' of 
the letter. The father of the two brothers 
v/as a Western clergyman of limited re- 

sources. Lewis' unusual gift of oratory 
had attracted the admiring notice of a 
wealthy parishioner, who had begged the 
privilege of sending to his alma mater 
the promising young lad. Dean, some 
years earlier, had been sent by his father 
to Marlboro to gain his education, where 
his father and his aunt had gained theirs, 
and where the latter still resided. Dean 
secretly envied, however, the "superior 
privileges" of his younger brother at the 
Eastern university. Among these privi- 
leges ( ?) was that of membership in the 
most select and aristocratic of the secret 
fraternities. By the influence of Wellman, 
a Western friend of the Lawrences, study- 
ing in Harbridge, Lewis had been voted 
into Alpha Beta Chi, and this particular 
Tuesday night was the time set for his 
initiation. Wellman had taken Lewis 
through the luxuriously appointed rooms 
of the chapter house, to acquaint him with 
the pleasures and privileges in store for 
him, and now they were seated in the 
beautiful reception hall, which Wellman 
had reserved to the last, in order to make 
a cumulative impression. Here he pro- 
duced a couple of cigars, and with a 
smoker's fine disregard of the costly 
hangings and upholstery about him, pro- 
ceeded to light his own cigar and mo- 
tioned his companion to do the same. It 
w^as Wellman who had persuaded the 
high-strung, excitable young fellow that 
an occasional cigar was just what he 
needed to quie^t his nerves, and now 
Lewis was a confirmed victim of the nar- 
cotic habit. 

"So to-night is the auspicious occa- 
sion," said Wellman, musingly; "I trust 
}'OU v/ill permit me to anticipate the event 
in my congratulations." 

With this, he touched a button at his 
elbow, and a sable-faced, dress-suited dig- 
nitary promptly appeared. 

"Wilson, a bottle of champagne." 

Lewis had never before tasted wine or 
liquor, but he made only the faint and for- 
mal protest, "Really, you do me too much 
honor !" 

It was two 'hours past midnight, and 
the closing act of Lewis Lawrence's in- 
itiation was at hand. More than half the 
night the cruel torture had proceeded. 
He had been stripped and buried to the 
neck in cold damp earth where he w^as 
left for several hours ; he had been burned 

September, 1901. 



on the breast and arms with ho-hted ci- 
gars ; he had been forced through various 
athletic exercises far too violent for his 
slender frame, and compelled to submit 
to numberless painful shocks and humili- 
ations. Before the initiation began he 
had overheard Wellman nervously 
whispering to a group of his fellow- 
"frats" in sharp, staccato sibilants, "Go 
easy on him, boys ; the gym. director 
says his heart's weak." 

Lewis' keen ear caught the words. 
"Look here, fellows," he called, proudly, 
''\^'hat anybody else can stand, I can. If 
you make it any milder on my account, I 
shall be seriously offended." 

The exhilaration of champagne put a 
touch of bravado into his voice, which 
nettled the more reckless of the fraternity 
men. They resolved to take him at his 
word, and spare him nothing. 

At last, trembling and gasping with 
i;ervous exhaustion, with glassy eyes and 
a deathly pallor that should have warned 
his tormentors, he was prepared for the 
grand finale. Over his grotesque deshabille 
was thrown a white sheet, and he was 
bidden in mock-heroic language to pre- 
pare for his end. A coffin was brought 
from an obscure corner, and he was 
placed within it. "This coffin," said the 
director of ceremonies in sepulchral 
tones, "is to be dropped from the highest 
spire in Harbridge." The lid was closed, 
the coffin was seized by sturdy "hands, 
borne up and down countless flights of 
stairs, over leagues of ground (or so it 
seemed) of all degrees of unevenness, and 
finally brought back to the, chapter house, 
where it was taken up a short flight of 
stairs to a landing. On this landing was 
a window opening on the lawm, ten feet 
below. At a signal the coffin was dropped 
from the open w^indow. Wellman had 
not entered the building with the rest-< 
but stood in the doorway below. As soon 
as he heard the dull thud of the coffin 
striking the turf, he rushed to the spot 
and tore off the imperfectly fastened lid. 

There was a moment of awful silence, 
then — 

"Good God, boys! He's dead!" 

Instantly the coffin was surrounded by 

boys all vigorously protesting that Lewis 

had only fainted. He was removed from 

the coffin and deluged with both water 

and spirits. Xot a muscle of the white, 
drawn face relaxed, not a limb stirred. A 
medical student belonging to the fratern- 
ity was brought forward, much against 
his will. One horrified glance, and he 
drew back, begging that a regular physi- 
cian be sent for. This was at last done. 
Meanwhile the crowd eagerly caught the 
suggestion of Wellman earlier in the 
evening. "He had an awfully weak 
heart ;" "heart disease ;" "forbidden b}' 
the gym. director to take any violent ex- 
ercise;'' "subject to heart attacks;" 
"fainted a day or so ago.'' These were 
the rumors, mingled truth and falsehood, 
which circulated briskly among the rap- 
idlv decreasing company, and were con- 
fusedly related to the physician when he 
arrived. The latter admitted a previous 
weak condition of the heart ; but to the 
public and the college authorities this ex- 
planation seemed inadequate. Of the sen- 
sation aroused throughout the country, it 
is needless now^ to speak. 

A few days later occurred a tragic 
meeting at the little station of ^^larlboro. 
The eastbound train bearing the stricken 
father from his Western pastorate met 
the westbound train bearing the body of 
the murdered son. The agony of that 
meeting, the mourning of a proud father 
for his idolized Benjamin, cannot be de- 

After the funeral Wellman, who had 
accompanied the body from Harbridge, 
sought to draw Dean aside for an ex- 
planation. Dean repulsed him coldly. 
"I do not care for an^nterview," he said. 
"There is nothing to be said. Your 
cursed fraternity has killed my brother ; 
and if I have any influence in Afarlboro 
— and I believe I have — no fraternity 
shall find entrance here Avhile I live !" 

He kept his word, and thus the plague 
of organized secrecy was averted from 
Marlboro Universitv — Init at what a cost ! 

Patience is the ballast of the soul, that 
will keep it from rolling and tumbling in 
the greatest storm. 
— Bishop riopkins. 

The word "discouragement"' is not 
found in the dictionary of the Kingdom 
of Heaven. 
— MelincUi Rankin. 



September, 1901. 

iettt0paper0 mh leform. 


Dr. Talmages Defense of Secret Societies, 

We cannot allow Dr. Talmage's sermon 
this week to go out without accompany- 
ing it with a word of very earnest warn- 
ing against the erroneous teaching which 
it contains. Dr. Talmage does not often 
"slop over." 

His sermon this week is not a wise one. 
In its essence it is primarily an attack on 
those who oppose secret societies as such, 
and that, to begin with, is a very poor 
business for a preacher of the Gospel of 
Christ; he should have better work on 

Taken in detail, much of the sermon is 
very good, and possibly it may be the 
means of calling the attention of members 
of some secret societies to the points at 
which they are being led away from the 
path of duty. That is evidently the pur- 
pose of the preacher, and it is a very 
good purpose ; but his special pleading 
on behalf of the principle of secrecy is 
unworthy of a Christian pulpit. It is just 
the sort of thing that one would expect 
from a lawyer hired to advocate the 
claims of secret societies. 

To speak as if those v/ho oppose secret 
societies were persons who could not be 
trusted with a secret is a gross slander 
upon many true men and women. And 
to ignore the difference between a secret 
that should be kept secret because it 
would not be wise or right to tell it and 
a- secret that a man swears to keep before 
he knows what it is shows a great lack 
of careful thinking on the part of the 
preacher. He says, "secrecy of plot and 
execution are wrong only when the ob- 
ject and ends are nefarious," but how is 
the man who swears to keep the secrets 
of a society to know the true character of 
its secrets until after he has taken the 
oath ? 

And in any case that statement is far too 
sweeping. Secrecy and privacy are two 
different things. A large measure of pri- 
vacy is necessary to self-respecting man- 
hood or womanhood. Secrec}' is wrong 

foreground as a 

in itself unless it is necessary. A se- 
cretive disposition is a detestable one, 
which necessarily breeds suspicion and 
makes true friendship impossible. And 
the same is true in a large measure when 
the disposition to secretiveness is culti-. 
vated unnecessarily by organized socie- 

Again, Dr. Talmage says that the right- 
ness or wrongness of membership in a 
secret society "depends entirely on the 
nature of the object for which they 
meet." That statement is only true on 
the surface. All secret societies, we pre- 
sume, except those which are maintained 
among criminals, are organized for good 
purposes. They all have some good ob- 
jects in view, and these they keep in the 
justification of their or- 
both to others to their own 
consciences. Yet some of these societies 
have certainly been productive of much 
evil. And almost all of them do harm in 
this at least — that they tend to weaken 
the churches by inducing church mem- 
bers to give time and strength and work 
to the lodge which should be devoted to 
the church. 

For our part, Vv^e cannot see how any 
disciple of Christ can conscientiously as- 
sume the bonds of an oathbound broth- 
erhood from which Christ is rigidly ex- 
cluded, as He certainly is from some of 
the secret societies. We cannot under- 
stand how any man can expect the favor 
of Christ to rest upon a society which de- 
liberately shuts Him out. If Christ and 
His servant are one the servant may not 
go where Christ is not admitted. 
—New York Witness, July 31, 1901. 

There ought to Tbe no prouder moment in 
a man's life than when he is declared to be a 
Master Mason. He may continue to take all. 
the Masonic degrees, including the wonderful 
thirty-third; he may win renown, become 
Governor, United States Senator, or even | 
President of the United States; he may accu- 
mulate millions of dollars, may become the 
richest man in America— but if he fully 
learned the import of the real spirit of his 
first three degrees in Masonry, he will never 
realize a moment when he stood higher in his 
own estimation than when the announce- 
ment was made that he was a Master Mason. 

But he is in danger of standing rather 
lower in the esteem of sensible men. 

September, 1901. 



fable Ml 

No wind serves him who addresses his 
voyage to no certain port. 
— Montaione. 


Two women's secret societies in a nearby 
town meet in the same hall on different nights 
in the month. One night recently two lodge 
women appeared outside the wicket-hole and 
gave a password. 

"That isn't it," said the wicket-keeper. 

" 'Tis," snapped the woman. 

" 'Tisn't." 

" 'Tis." 

" 'Tisn't." 

" 'Tis. It's been changed since you kept 
door last. You let us in." 

The Avicket-keeper let them in. The ladies 
found themselves mid strange scenery. The 
skeletons lying about had an unfamiliar look. 
The scorpions had an unfamiliar hiss— the 
owls a strange hoot. They had gotten in the 
wrong den.— Exchange. 

Isn't any lodge room the wrong den ? 

A youngster was trying to make a donkey 
draw a cart; but the donkey would not move. 

"Your donkey has a great deal of will- 
power," called out a man who had been 
watching the struggle. 

"Oh, no," replied the boy quickly; it isn't 
his will-power that troubles me. It is his 
won't power." 

There is a big team of that kind of 

The Fifty-sixth Congress appropriated 
for pubhc expenses nearly one billion and 
five hundred millions of dollars. That 
oug'ht to give somebody prosperity. 


Probably some of my hearers remem- 
ber the old Madison Square Presbyterian 
Church in New York when it was under 
the ministry of Dr. Adams, and those of 
you who remember the doctor will, I 
think, agree with me that he was one of 
those very rare men with whose name 
one instinctively tends to couple the ad- 
jective ''saintly." I attended his church 
when I was a little boy. The good doc- 

tor had a small grandson, and it was ac- 
cidentally discovered that the little fel- 
low felt a great terror of entering the 
church when it was vacant. After vain 
attempts to find out exactly what his 
reasons were, it happened late one after- 
noon that the doctor went to the church 
with him on some errand. They walked 
down the aisle together, their steps echo- 
ing in the vacant building, the little boy 
clasping the doctor's hand and gazing 
anxiously about. When they reached the 
pulpit, he said : 

"Grandpa, where is the zeal?" 

"The what?" asked Dr. Adams. 

"The zeal," repeated the little boy; 
"why, don't you know, 'the zeal of thine 
house hath eaten me up?' " 

You can imagine the doctor's astonish- 
ment when he found that this sentence 
had sunk deep into his little grandson's 
mind as a description of some terrific 
monster which haunted the inside of 

—Vice President Roosevelt in an address be- 
fore the Long Island Bible Society. 

IT TO PASS— PSALM 37 : 5. 

Translated from the German by Theodore Heine. 

Commit your tribulations 

To the all-faithful care 
Of Him who rules creation. 

The mountains, sea and air; 
Who in their paths has ever 

The winds and billows led. 
Should He not find a pathway 

Whereon your foot can tread? 

E'en to the Lrord for succor 

And comfort you must flee; 
If your work is to prosper 

On His work you must see; 
Your sorrow and distraction, 

Your anguish and despair 
Receive no benefaction 

Which must be sought in prayer. 

Thy faith and grace eternal, 

O Father, comprehends, 
What benefits the mortal 

Or to his ruin tends; 
What Thou. hast then elected. 

Thou carriest on with might 
And safely is effected 

Thv counsel's glad delight. 



September, 1901. 

Wars Tlioii liast iu all places, 

Thou hast the means in sight, 
Thy acts are faultless blessings. 

Thy path is radiant light; 
Thy work no one can hinder, 

Thy labor cannot rest, 
When doing for Thy children 

What Thou regardest best. 

And though the xevy devil 

Displays his strength and skill, 
And with the powers of evil 

Resists Jehovah's will. 
Yet He shall never waver 

Or from His plans recede; 
What He does will and favor 

Must yet at last succeed. 

Hope, O dejected sufferer, 

Hope, and be of good cheer! 
Out of the smelting furnace 

Where you do waste in fear, 
Your God ^all you deliver; 

Abide you but His hour. 
And on you shall the Giver 

Of Gifts His blessings shower. 

Inflame in holy ardor 

And cast your cares away! 
To God on high, give honor, 

And banish your dismay! 
Why you are not the ruler 

Of heaven and earth and hell, 
The Lord does sit in glory 

And governs all things well. 

Him, Him let rule and labor; 

He is a sapient Prince; 
And as a mighty Savior 

He shall Himself evince. 
When He with might and wisdom 

Brings to a blessed goal 
The trials and afflictions 

Which now depress your soul. 

He does now for a season 

Conceal His face, indeed. 
And acts, as you may reason, 

As though He does not heed 
Y'our pleading and your anguish; 

As though you on and on 
In pain and fear must languish, 

As though His love were gone. 

Shall it appear, however. 

That you have keot the faith? 
Y'our bands He shall dissever 

When you expect it least. 
And from the heavy burden 

He shall your heart release. 
Which, now, to no misfortune 

Disturbs youi' rest and peace. 

Bring to your virtue patience! 

It is faith's choicest fruit. 
And Avait for your redemption 

From all distress and need. 
Then God shall crown with glory 

The vessel of His grace. 
And you shall chant your story 

Of love before His face. 

To pass away in mercy, 

Good Lord, our ills command; 
Do strengthen in Thy service. 

Great Savior, foot and hand. 
Sustain against defection 

Thy children by Thy breath, 
And grant by Thy election 

Us faith and hope in death. 


"John," said Mrs. Croesus thoughtful- 
ly, ''everybody in society seems to think 
a lot of genealogy in these days." 

''Jennie what?" exclaimed John, look- 
ing up from his evening paper. 

"Genealogy,'' repeated ]\Irs. Croesus. 

"What's that?" 

"I don't exactly know," replied the 
good dame ; "but I think it's a tree of 
some kind — at least, I've heard some la- 
dies refer to it as a family tree." 

"Well, what of it?" he asked. 

"Why, it seems to me a sort of fad, 
you know, and everyone ^^'ho is anyone 
has to have one." 

"Buy one, then," he said, irritably. 
"Buy the best one in town, and have the 
bill sent in to me ; but don't bother me 
with the details of the affair. Get one 
and stick it up in the conservatory, if 
you want one, and if it isn't too large — ■ — " 

"But I don't know' anything about 

"Find out, and if it's too big for the 
conservatory, stick it up on the lawn ; and 
if that ain't big enough, I'll buy the next 
in order to make room. There can't any 
of them fly any higher than we can, and 
if it comes to a question of trees, I'll buy 
a whole orchard for vou." 


Give until you feel it, and then give un- 
til you don't feel it. 
— Mary Lyon, 

September, 1901. 



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I Secret Oaths I 


? 4 

t JOSEPH COOK, Boston. ? 


^ ^__ y 

4k> y 

l^lf "If, at this hour, it seems somewhat dangerous to a man's popularity and influ- ^'^ 

^If ence to oppose the system of lodges or disloyal oaths; if I, foi- instance, run ton- '*'^ 

^if siderable risk in uttering myself candidly to-night on this topic, what will be the ^^ 

l&f risk if we allow the deadly upas tree to grow until it has attained its full height? ^'T 

&i¥ In the present combiaation of forces and politics, so much force and power can ^^ 

ifef be exercised by secret combinations that almost no politician dare oppose them. "^ 

tp^ What may be the power exercised by them ultimately in a population compared > 

^^ with which our present masses altogether on this continent are a mere sprink- > 

■^•^ ling? If it is already impossible for any one to speak out on this topic without > 

^^ being shot at, or shot into by the arrow of slander in ambush, then it is high ^ 

Y^ time to draw out the fire of the enemy and know where we are." ^ 

4» *^ 

&f T^o better document of its size for general distribution has been printed. *^ 

A^ Joseph Cook's address is a national treatment of a national subject, and ^ 

• very valuable for reference. 4i|r 

?^ Single copy, 5 cents. Ten copies, 25 cents, postpaid. ^ 

^ Cash must accompany all orders. ^ 

^^ Address — J 


4» 22 1 West Madison Street, *f 







Preacher, Evangelist and Author. 

** He who declares the U\hole counsel 
of God' cannot avoid making himself heard 
on all topics of vital interest to the age in 

which we //Ve. "— #?ev. George F. Pentecost, D.D. 

in The Sunday Magazine Dec, 1^95. • 


AYliose Hand Struck President Mc- 

Kinley? 161 

Czolgosz and the "Knights of the 

Golden Eagle" 168 

"Stamp Them Out" 164 

Bible Reading in Schools 165 

Rather Costly Charity 166 

Modern, Yet Older than History ... 168 
Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage— An Open 

Letter 169 

"Masonary Protects Woman" 170 

Immorality of the Lodge 171 

My Experience in the "Eastern Star". 172 

A Seceder's Testimony 173 

What Knights Templar Should Do . . 173 

Disheartening .'. 177 

Tell Why He Fights "Frats" 177 

Fraternities in Secondary Schools Con- 
demned 177 

A Study of the Katipunan of the Phil- 
ippines 178 

Secretary Stoddard's Report 180 

Thomas Inman, an Illinois Worker . . 181 

Colporteur and Lecturer 181 

A New Trades Union 182 

Obituary 183 

Mrs. W. H. Minton. 

Mrs. J. K. Glassford. 

Rev. John Brown. 

From Our Mail 184-186 

From President Long, Rev. S. F. 

Porter, Rev. Z. A. Space, Rev. S. 

B. Shaw, Rev. A. Sims, Miss A. 
E. Hinsdale, Elder S. F. Proctor, 
Mr. J. W. Margrave, Mrs. Lydia 

C. Andrews, Rev. Norberto Mer- 
cado, Rev. C. B. Ward. 

Odds and Ends 18S 

Why Many Religious Meetings Are 

Neglected by Men 187 

As It Looked to a Student Preacher. . 188 

The Knights' Trumpet 189 

High Pugilist with High Mason . . . . ' 190 

A Thought for Our Boys 190 

Advertisements 191-192 


Headquarters, No. 221 West Madison St., 

President— Rev. Charles A. Blanchard, D. 
D., Wheaton, 111. 

Vice President— Rev. Simon P. Long, M. A., 
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I. Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago, 

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Wheaton, Illinois. 


Rev. .Tames W. Fifield, D. D., Chairman. 

Ml". C. J. Holmes, Vice Chairman. 

*Rev. Edgar B. W^ylie, iSecretary. 

Mr. Ezra A. Cook, Mr. James M. Hitchcock, 
Mr. H. F. Kletzing, Mr. Fred D. Ewell, 
Judge George Bent. Rev. W. B. Rose, Rev. 
H. K. G. Doermann, Rev. Charles A. Blanch- 




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The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian AssoclatioB. 



221 West Madison St., Chicas^o. 

Entered at the, Postofflce, Chicago, III., as second 
class matter. 

George F. Pentecost, D. D., editor of 
"Words and Weapons :" ''I would do al- 
most anything in my power to help on 
the work of rescuing all Christian men 
from the 'grip' of Masonry and all other 
secrs^t and un-Christian societies. I be- 
lieve that Masonry, is an incalculable 
evil and essentially anti-Christ in its prin- 
ciples and influence." 

—George Y\ Pentecost, D. D,, Editor of Words 
and Weapons. 

(jod's Word prohibits the believer 
from forming alliances with the ungodly 
in society. Whenever the Christian sur- 
renders himself to the society of the un- 
believing world, his heart will be led 
away from God. This is especially true 
of thousands of Christian men who have 
deliberately yoked themselves up with 
unbelievers in all manners of secret so- 
cieties. This course of false alliance is 
doing more mischief to individual Chris- 
tian men l:)y turning their hearts a'vvay 
from God and his service, and to the 
church by depleting and robbing her of 
her male membership, than any other 
one enemy of Christ. There never was a 
time when the cry, 'Come out from 
among them and be ye separate, saith the 
Lord.' was more needed than now." 
—From Rev. Dr. George F. Pentecost's Hible 

Studies. 1889, p. 389. 

In this hour of national rebuke and 
sorrow let the American people prostrate 
themselves in the dust before God. Let 
them arise chastened and filled with 
Christ's spirit and say by the help of 
God, my goodness will not be "as the 
morning cloud and as the early dew that 
passeth away.'' My civic duties will be 
more faithfully performed. I will exer- 
cise mercy toward my fellow-creatures 
and extend among them the knowledge 
of God. 

Ever since Saturday, September 14th, 
the nation has been bowed in grief be- 
cause of the cruel and untimely death of 
the Chief Executive ofificer of the United 
States, President William McKinley. 
Memorial services throughout the coun- 
try were heart-searching, convincing 
us as a people of sin. of righteousness 
and of judgment. 



•"The King of (41ory shall come in."--Ps. 24:7. 

In 1865, on April 14. Booth shot Presi- 
dent Lincoln. He represented the death- 
tliroes of the Soutliern Confederacy, 
whose passing spirit flashed out in the 
assassin's exclamation : "Sic semper ty- 
rannis. The South is avenged.'' On July 
2, 1881, President Garfield was shot by 
Guiteau, whose weak and self-conceited 
spirit was inflamed by the sharp conflict 
between the machine and liberal Repub- 
licans, and his disappointed ambition 
flamred out in the words :'T am a stal- 
wart of the stalwarts. It had to be done. 
Arthur is now to be President." And on 
Friday afternoon President McKinley- 
was shot bv Czoleosz, at the Pan-Ameri- 



Octolter. ir»ul. 

can Exposition, he dramatically exclaim- 
ing : "I am an anarchist! I have done 
my duty !" This German-speaking Pole, 
only 28 years old, and uneducated, repre- 
sents a dangerous force that is growing 
up in our midst. 

The murder of Dr. Cronin in Chicago 
a decade ago led to the trial of the order 
of Clan-naGael. They were. a band of 
Irish plotters whose deeds of darkness 
belonged to the bottomless pit. The or- 
der of Mafia came over to us from Italy. 
Thev showed their true character in the 
murder of Chief of Police Hennessey, of 
Xew Orleans. Eleven of these brigands 
were convicted of murder. But before 
the sentence was executed a mob seized 
and hung them. These straws indicate 
the current in our national life. We have 
.-allowed the dragon's teeth of anarchy 
from Europe to be sown here and armed 
men are rising up in every quarter. The 
shooting of President McKinley was by 
one of them. 

What Is the Reme ly? 

Are our free institutions a failure? Is 
Republican government to break down ? 
Are our free press and free speech un- 
safe? By no means. We hold these as 
our most precious legacy and shall not 
surrender them. But there are certain 
conditions upon which alone we can pre- 
serve them and transmit them to poster- 
ity unimpaired. 

The shooting of President McKinley 
is providential. The Lord Jesus Christ, 
who is the king in this land and who will 
have the homage of this people, has smit- 
ten our nation upon the head. This is 
the third time such a blow has been re- 
ceived by the Chief Executive. The King 
of kings is demanding recognition and 
the application of His law as our only 
salvation. He means to save the Repub- 

(i) We must incorporate Christian in- 
struction in our public school system. 
The rising generation must be taught 
that right is right, because God com- 
mands it, and wrong is wrong because 
God forbids it ; that obedience to just 
and legal* authority is obedience to God, 
and resistance to just and good law is re- 
bellion against God ; that patriotism is 
not a mere sentiment, but a duty to God, 
and rebellion is not mere mistaken politi- 
cal sentiment, but resistance to God. 

"And they that resist shall receive judg- 
ment to themselves.'' 

(2) All secret, oath-bound orders must 
be suppressed. The courts of New Or- 
leans pronounced the Mafia a treason- 
able order and made membersliip in it a 
crime. The courts of Chicago did the 
same with the Clan-na~Gael. The Uni- 
ted States Supreme Court decided that 
the Endowment House oaths of the 
Mormons were treasonable and all who 
took them were disfranchised. The same 
ought to be done with those plotters 
against human government in Paterson, 
N. J, They have no right to live in this 
free country as an organization. The 
same law that suppressed the Kii-Klux- 
Klan, the Mojly Maguire. and the 
Knights of the Golden Circle should sup- 
press these anarchistic orders, whether 
from Italy, Poland, Russia or (lermany. 
That measure would be drastic. It 
would carry in its undertow the Labor 
Unions, secret oath-bound lodges, the 
Odd^ Fellows and Masons, and Jesuits^ 
and every other order that works under 
cover of darkness. Republicanism is 
light. It lives in free, open discussion. 
But the secret empire is its deadly foe. 

(3) The trusts should be placed under 
such legal restrictions that multimillion- 
aires may not increase at the expense of 
the unprotected pliblic. Reciprocity be- 
tween labor and capital should be for- 
ever encouraged. 

(4) Laborers should be protected from 
their worst enemies. The saloon receives 
$750,000,000 from the laborers' wages in 
this country every year. Let the State 
close every saloon by prohibition and 
save the laborer his Vv^ages. This will be 
a boon to them, their families ?.nd so- 
ciety. The laborer should be protected 
in his God-given rest day, the Christian 
Sabbath. Our national government 
should stop the United States mails on 
the Sabbath, and forbid inter-state com- 
merce or railroad traflic on the Sabbath. 
The laborer should have an eight-hour 
day and Saturday half-holiday. 

(5) This nation should recognize the 
Lord Jesus Christ in her national Consti- 
tution. This, will bring His favor, which 
is life. 

A National Syniptom. 

The assault upon President McKinley 
is only a symptom. The policy .3t the 

October, 1001. 



King of kings is to allow the people their 
choice. And when they choose evil He 
allows the evil chosen to remain and 
grow until it becomes an unbearable 
scourge and then He removes it in His 

Our fathers chose slavery. For 250 
years it grew and became the ''sum of alf 
villainies." It was a cancer upon the 
body politic. It must be removed. Men 
said it was here to stay. But in 1861- 
1865 God took it out. Its roots were en- 
twined about the vitals of the nation.' Its 
removal left the nation bleeding at every 
vein. But it was removed and the nation 
dedicated to freedom. 

The cancer of the secret empire is now 
threatening our nation's existence. It is 
ripe for removal. The anarchistic orders 
are one deep root, Jesuitry is another 
root, Masonry is another. All the roots 
must be torn out. It will be a painful 
and bloody operation. But it must be 
done. The nation's life is at stake. The 
race war in the South is another cancer. 
It must be taken out. Men say it can 
never be removed. But the King of kings 
is already here and His two-edged sword 
is already drawn, and He is ready for the 
bloody work. It must be taken out in 
the shedding of blood. * He shall give 
them blood to drink, for they are wor- 
thy. The King of kings must be hon- 



The Knights of the Golden Eagle ap- 
pear to be in trouble. 

One of their number has assassinated 
tlie President of the United States. This, 
the "chiefs" say, is contrary to the teach- 
ing of this lodge. A meeting of the 
"Grand Chiefs" was recently held in the 
city of Philadelphia, at which resolutions 
were passed condemning Czolgosz. 

The resolutions state that the princi- 
ples of this order are the fatherhood of 
God, and the brotherhood of man. That 
this order is founded on Fidelity, Valor, 
and Honor. As most all the lodges make 
similar claims, these resolutions are not 

new to those familiar with lodg'e state- 
ments. That their idea of God's father- 
hood and man's brotherhood is not the 
Divine has been shown time and time 
again at anti-secrecy conventions, and in 
the columns of the Cynosure. As to Fi- 
delity, Valor and Honor, if they are to 
be taught b}^ scaring persons with a fool- 
ish initiation, then may we expect to find 
them in a lodge of "Eagles/' To test 
the so-called valor of the candidate, the 
Knights of Pythias ask him to jump on 
what they try to lead him to believe are 
steel spikes. The "Eagles" have a dif- 
ferent method. The candidate is intro- 
duced into what appears to be a cave, in 
which he is confronted by an object in 
chains, looking as the devil is supposed 
to look. He is also shown an individual 
supposed to be Lucifer in glittering ap- 

All these things are calculated, as it 
seems to us, to produce wonder, fear, or 
surprise, but how they can teach valor is 
not so apparent. Perhaps some of our 
K. of P. or "Eagle" friends can explain. 
Any man who would deliberately jump 
on spikes would be a fool, not a valiant 
man. The point I desire to make is, The 
lodge naturally perverts men's morals 
and judgment. Czolgosz was such an in- 
dividual. Was it due to his connection 
with this lodge ? When men go to fool- 
ing one another, scaring one another 
and calling themselves bv the names of 
"Elks," "Buffaloes," "Monkeys/' "Ea- 
gles," and other animals and birds, what 
can they expect will result ? Are such 
practices calculated to make good, relia- 
ble men, or the reverse ? Oh. men, why 
don't you stop' and think? Why not be 
men instead of playing possum and then 
complaining if some anti-secrecy re- 
former comes along and calls public at- 
tention to your unfortunate attitude ? It 
seems perfectly natural for such a detest- 
able character as Czolgosz to seek a 
lodge home. It is no less natural, now 
he is despised by all decent people, for 
the lodge to throw him overboard. All 
Judases usually lose their friends at such 
times. Had he simply remained an an- 
archist in theory, without "practicing 
what he preached." is it not probable he 
would still be an "Eagle'' in good stand- 
ing? Was he not as much of an anarchist 
when holding lodge meetings over his 



October, VdOl. 

father's saloon as now? It this lodge 
could take him in with all his anarchy, 
why should they now pass resolutions 
condemning his practice of the same ? Do 
not all anarchists seek the shelter of some 
lodge ? How is the government to root 
out" such organizations while allowing 
men to congregate and swear to keep se- 
cret from all but the initiated, their pro- 
ceedings? Do not evil men still love 
darkness rather than light? Oh, that our 
people would consider these questions 
and act wiselv. 



The assassination of William McKin- 
lev was accomplished in 1901 at the city 
of' Buffalo, by an agent of anarchistic so- 
cieties. The abduction and murder of 
Captain \\m. Zvlorgan was planned in 
the ^Masonic Lodge in this same locality 
in 1826. and. the well-laid plot was suc- 
cessfullv executed by those designated 
bv the ''Death ballot/' who had invoked 
upon themselves the penalty of death if 
thev failed to "answer and obey all due 
signs and summons sent from a ^Master 
^Mason's lodge." 

Under the legitimate operation of this 
oath, no inconsiderable number of men 
entered upon a course of proscription 
and malignant persecution which ended 
in the death of their victim. Subsequent 
efforts to punish the perpetrators of this 
horrible crime were rendered futile 
through the intrigues of prominent citi- 
zens and civil officers, some of whom 
were participants in the crime which 
thev w^ere legally bound to ferret out, but 
whi'ch as :Masons they had sworn "ever 
to conceal and never reveal." Able and 
special counsel was appointed to manage 
the case on the part of the State, and af- 
ter vears of vexatious effort, in reporting 
to Governor Throop, Mr. Spencer sum- 
marizes the difficulties he had encoun- 
tered as follows: '\i) Difficulty in dis- 
covering witnesses. (2) Want of means 
to compel their attendance. (3) From 
their reluctance and refusal to testify. (4) 
From the unceasing and untiring exer- 
tions of the ^^lasons in the places where 

I have been, to thwart every effort, by 
getting witnesses out of the way, and by 
every device to which himian ingenuity 
can resort." 

In the long and searching investiga- 
tions involved in this case, ^lasonr}' 
demonstrated its ability to thwart the 
ends of justice and shield the instruments 
employed to execute its decree of pun- 
ishment and death unpon the object of 
its hatred. The sentiment of the people 
was so aroused by this exhibition of Ma- 
sonic lawlessness that they demanded 
the abolition of the institution and sev- 
eral States enacted laws prohibiting the 
administering or taking of extra judicial 
oaths. If a like sentiment shall follow- 
as the result of the attempted assassina- 
tion of President ^McKinley it will be a 
slight compensation for the shock which 
the nation has suffered. 

Czolgosz will doubtless be dealt with 
as the law directs, because his accom- 
plices are not sufficiently numerous or 
in- official stations enabling them to pro- 
tect him as the slayers of Captain ]^Ior- 
gan were shielded through corruption of 
the courts and civil officials. Were An- 
archists as numerous as the Masons, and 
invested with equal official authority 
there would be little hope of enforcing 
even the meager penalty attached to his 
crime. Instead of prompt action there 
would be long delays, and instead of his 
temporary incarceration being a real 
punishment it would be simply a retire- 
ment from public life to enjoy every lux- 
ury which money could purchase, in 
apartments equipped with every, conveni- 
ence for his comfort as was the jail in 
which Sheriff Bruce was confined pend- 
ing his trial for the part he took in screen- 
ing the abductors and murderers of a ^ 

It is certainly incimibent tipon our 
government to stamp out anarchism and 
annihilate their secret schools of high 
treason and remorseless assassination, 
but while doing this it should give care- 
ful attention to other secret combina- 
tions more widespread and powerful, 
which have been proven capable of the 
highest crimes, and then shielding their 
perpetrators from punishment by law. 
In the words of Wendell Phillips, "Every 
good citizen should make war on all se- 
cret societies and give himself no rest 

OctoUer. 1901. 



until they are forbidden by law and root- 
ed out of existence." 
—Home Liffht. 


by elizabeth b. cook, president chicago 
woman's educational union. 

[Editorial Note.— The following words 
of ihe lare President McKinley were composed 
by him upon the reception of a copy of * The 
Nation's Book In the Nation's Sehoo s." 

The more profoiiuclly we study this wonder- 
ful book, and the more closely we observe its 
divine precepts, the better citizens we be- 
come and the higher will be our destiny as 
a nation. 



The lack of information on this subject 
is doubtless felt generally. Persons liv- 
ing in a region where the Bible is read 
seem to think such is the universal cus- 
tom. Persons living where it is not read 
often speak as if it were generally exclud- 
ed from schools and greatly damage a 
cause which they love and wish to pro- 
mote, assuming the general seculariza- 
tion of schools. This paper chiefly refers 
to Bible reading in board or government 
schools, and these throughout Christen- 
dom generally honor the Bible. Private 
schools do so, perhaps, more freely and 
fully than do the public schools. 

When the thirteen original colonies, 
in Congress assembled, said in the crown- 
ing provision of the immortal ordinance 
of 1787. that 

"Religion, morality and knowledge 
being necessary to good government and 
the happiness of mankind, schools and 
the means of education shall forever be 

They evidently meant schools for instruc- 
tion in Bible, religion and morality, as 
well as other useful knowledge ; for the 
Bible was an honored book in all the 
early public schools of the original Colo- 
nies and the territory of the Xorthwest. 
Ten years before. Congress adopted a 
report made by its committee of com- 
merce ordering the importation of 20.000 
English Bibles. Our martyred President 
in the eloquent and statesmanlike senti- 
ment at the opening of this article, which 
should be engrossed on the minds and 
hearts of our instructors, school children 

and citizens generally throughout the 
Nation, simply shows an intelligent 
knowledge of the elements of character 
that are essential to happiness, prosper- 
ity and success. One of the chief mo- 
tives for organizing common schools 
was, that the common people might be 
enabled to read the Bible. 

Everywhere, when schools were estab- 
lished, from the forests of Elaine south 
and west, the Bible was read, and to-day 
it is freely read in about ninety-one per 
cent of the United States free schools. 

From a tabulated statement in the Re- 
port of the Commissioner of Education, 
pages 1560-61, \'ol. 2. 1897-98, we learn 
that the Bible was read in more than 
seventy-nine per cent of county, city and 
other schools, as gathered from nine hun- 
dred and forty-six reports of State, 
county, city and country superintendents 
of schools. Is the United States system 
of education secular? Xinety-one per 
cent of otir States, seventy-nine per cent 
of every thousand schools or groups of 
schools honor the Bible. Xo : it is not 
secular. \\'ould that the answer might 
be shouted so loud that every clergyman, 
every public speaker, every educator, ev- 
ery honest and every dishonest citizen 
might forever dismiss that qitestion. 

Rev. R. C. Wylie, in the Christian 
Statesman, has divided the United States 
into five groups, or classes, as regards 
the subject of Bible reading in schools. 

The first, consists of nine States — Mas- 
sachusetts. X^ew Jersey, Georgia. Missis- 
sippi, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas. Xorth Da- 
kota and South Dakota — in which the 
reading of the Bible in schools rests se- 
curely on a legal basis, plainly written 
either in State constitution or in school 

Massachusetts is the banner State in 
this group. And no patriot should rest 
until the thirty-six remaining of the Uni- 
ted States belong to this first group. If 
a general response is made to this admo- 
nition and true hearts send their pray- 
ers and contributions to this work, its ac- 
complishment is assured and its benedic- 
tion will rest like a dove of peace upon 
the world as the years roll on. 

The second group of States, twelve in 
number, are Maine. X'ermont. Xew 
York, Pennsylvania. Rhode Island. West 
A'irofinia. Illinois. Michiiran. Arkansas, 



October, ]901. 

Nebraska. Idaho and Utah, in which, 
while there is no specific mention of the 
Bible in the constittition or law, there are 
decisions of courts and State school su- 
perintendents of an authoritative char- 
acter, which give to the custom of Bible 
reading quite a secure legal status. These 
decisions and opinions, however, in many 
cases pest upon legal provisions for in- 
struction in morals. 

The third group, sixteen in number, 
consists of New Hampshire, Connecticut, 
jNIaryland, Ohio, Delaware, Virginia, 
Kentucky. Tennessee, North Carolina, 
South Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Tex- 
as. Colorado^, Wyoming, and Oregon. In 
these States the custom of Bible reading 
prevails, being supported by long-estab- 
lished usage and public sentiment. 

The fourth group, California, Louis- 
iana and Nevada, report no Bible read- 
ing : but. as a result of inquiry Dr. Wylie 
finds a few localities in California and 
Louisiana reporting Bible reading in 

The fifth group is composed of Mis- 
souri, Minnesota, Montana, Washington 
and Wisconsin. In these decisions of 
courts, attorneys general, or school, su- 
perintendents are adverse to the reading 
of the Bible. However, the Bible is read 
in many schools of Missouri, in some in 
]\Iinnesora. and in a few in Montana and 
Wisconsin. School readers used in these 
States havfe been examined and in nearly 
every case they are found to contain se- 
lections from the Bible. 

Hon. W. T. Harris reports that out of 
808 cities having a population of 4,000 or 
more, 651 report that the Bible is read, 
and of the remainder 77 report that it is 
prohibited. Of these, 24, or nearly one- 
third, are in the single State Wisconsin. 
The only State in the Union whose Su- 
preme Court has decided against Bi- 
ble reading in schools. In the case up- 
on which this decision was rendered, the 
lower court justified the custom of Bible 
reading in \^'isconsin schools. 

This interesting subject is one which 
might be profitably considered at great 
length. Those States which have not 
promoted and fostered Bible reading are 
responsive to efforts in that direction, 
and Dr. Scovil pertinently says : 

"For the State to confine itself wholly 
to secular instruction while recognizing 

the need of and depending upon the 
church for instruction in morals, would 
require one of the worst forms of union 
of church with state." 

The overwhelming sentiment of the 
American people sustains the custom of 
Bible reading in schools. Our best 
Presidents and statesmen, from McKin- 
ley back to Washington, and further 
back to the earliest colonists who reach- 
ed these shores, knowledge of and obe- 
dience to the teachings of the Scriptures 
has been and is considered the founda- 
tion of our nation's prosperity and per- 
manency. Bible morality is an element 
upon which free government may be 
maintained throughout all time. 

As proof of the sincerity of its affec- 
tion for President McKinley, as well as 
a recognition of the well-nigh universal 
approval of Bible reading in schools, let 
the Congress, at its earhest opportunity, 
pass a law requiring respectful recogni- 
tion and use of the Bible in the educa- 
'tional institutions of her L^nited States 
and Territories. 


(St. Louis Globe-Democrat of Feb. 4, 1901.) 

"The money paid into the subordi- 
nate lodges last year amounted to $134,- 
393.46. There was paid out for sick ben- 
efits to brothers, relief of widowed fami- 
lies, educating orphans, burying brothers 
and wives, support of widows' and or- 
phans' homes and for special relief, ^2S<,- 
362.48; leaving a balance of $106,028.98. 
Of this balance there was paid in per 
capita tax to the grand lodge, for ex- 
penses and for other purposes, $100,- 
225.07. In other words, taking this one 
year's business, it cost us $100,225.07 to 
pay out $28,362.47 in visiting the 'sick, re- 
lieving the distressed, burying the dead 
and educating the orphan, and left us 
with only $5,803.91 more in the treasury 
of all the subordinate lodges than we 
had to begin with. Don't you think, 
brothers, this sounds a little like giving 
$1.00 to the missionary fund and it taking 
95 cents to get it to the place where you 
want to use it ?" 

—An extract from the annual report of the 
Grand Master at the State Grand Lodge of 
Odd Fellows, held at Dallas, Texas. 


Ocr(H».-r. ICM)!, 



Genera! Officers National Christian Association. 



October. 1901. 


Freemasonrs'' as Seen by the Ancient Proph- 
ets, tzek. 8: 8-18. 


There is a concensus of opinion among 
learned ]\Iasonic writers that Freema- 
sonry, at least in the three degrees of the 
Blue Lodge, is a development from the 
Ancient Mysteries, the secret worship of 
the pagan gods. In other words, it was 
originally sun-worship. That Freema- 
sonry is ancient is both true and false. 
Grand Lodge Masonry, as practised in 
England and America, dated no farther 
back than i/iy, when the Grand Lodge 
of England was instituted. But the 
models upon which it was formed, and 
the general system of which it is a de- 
velopment, are older than history. Mr. 
Peirson, in his "Traditions of Masonry" 
(page 13), says, "The identity of Free- 
masonry with the Ancient Mysteries is 
obvious from the striking coincidences 
found to exist between them. Dr. Mack- 
ey says it is a philosophical development 
of the ancient sun-worship. Now it was 
these Mysteries, the s^2cret idolatries of 
Paganized Judah, that the prophet de- 
scribed in the passage referred to. This 
is Ancient Freemasonry — not that of 
Solomon the wise, who must have been 
ignorant of it until he lapsed into idolatry 
— but the system which w^as then and is 
still practised in nearly all heathen lands. 
Let us look at it in detail. 

It Wae Fecret, 

The prophet was shown "a hole in the 
wall" and commanded to "dig," and 
when he had ''digged behold a door." He 
went in and saw "the wicked abomina- 
tions" and what "the elders of the house 
of Israel do in the dark." Then as now 
"men loved darkness rather than light 
because their deeds were evil." 

It Was a Distinctly Idolatrous Worship, 

There were seventy men — apparently 
the entire Sanhedrim, "with every man 
his censer in his hand and the odor of 
the clouds of incense went up." Their 
objects of vv'orship were "every form of 
creeping things and abominable beasts 
portrayed on the walls" of their lodge 
room. This picture worship would seem 
to indicate that it was not the beasts 
themselves but -tlie constellations of tlie 

heavenly bodies that they represented, 
Aries the ram. They had been given 
over "to worship the beasts of heaven" 
(Acts 7 : 42). The symbolism of such 
worship — that of the sun, moon and 
stars — remains in the Masonic lodges to 
this day. This can be seen 1)y the ex- 
amination of any Masonic Manual. 

A Threefold Division. 

There was a division into three de- 
grees, just as in the Blue Lodge of to- 
day. From the eighth to th^:^ twelfth 
verses inclusive there is an outline of the 
first degree, the idolatrous worship. 
From the thirteenth to the sixteenth 
verses we see the "women weeping for 
Tammuz," who was the sun-god of Phoe- 
nicia and corresponds with Adonis of 
the Greeks, Osiris of Egypt, and Hiram 
.Vbiff of modern Masonry, whose legen- 
dary death, according to Mackey, forms 
"the basis of every Masonic rite." Mil- 
ton, in his description of the devils who 
followed Satan, thus pictures him : 
"Tammuz came next behind 
Whose annual wound in I>ebanon allured 
The {Syrian damsels to lament his fate 
In amorous ditties, all a summer's day; 
While smooth Adonis from his native rock 
Kian purple to the sea. supposed with blood 
Of Tammuz yearly wounded; the love tale 
Infected Sion's daughters with like heat; 
Whose wanton passions in the sacred porch 
Ezekiel saw, when by the vision led, 
His eye surveyed the dark idolatries 
Of alienated .Tudah.'' 

(Paradise Lost, E'ook 1.) 
The Philosophical Development. 

We have in the fourteenth to the eigh- 
teenth verses a description of the "great- 
er abominations." This seems to have 
been a third degree, and was in tlie 'in- 
ner court of the temple." There, about 
five and twenty men, with their backs to- 
ward the temple of the Lord, and their 
faces toward the East, "worshipped the 
sun towards the east." This was sun- 
worship, pure and simple, of which Dr. 
A. G. Mackey says Freemasonry is "the 
philosophical development." What job 
thought of this sun-worship we can ^ee 
in his complaint, "If I beheld the sun 
when it shined, or the moon walking'- in 
brightness and my heart liath been se- 
cretly enticed and my mouth hath kissed 
mv hand : this also were an iniquity to be 
punished by the judges : for I should have 
lied to God that is above" ( [ob 31 : 26- 

October. 1901. 



28). H*nv intimately connected is Free- 
masonry with sim-vvorship, is seen in 
the fact that the Worshipful Master of 
the lodge represents the sun in the 
East, the Senior Warden the sun in the 
West, and the Junior Warden the sun in 
the South, and these severally stand for 
wisdom, strength and beauty, just as 
IJrahma. Mshnu and Sira of the Hindu 

And, finally, the Lord said, ''they have 
iilled the land with violence, and have 
returned to provoke me to anger." To 
wliat extent the violence and wrong of 
this and other lands is due to the secret 
lodge system, I will not stop to inquire. 
Imt siirely they provoke a just and holy 
God to ano;er. 


An Open Lettei'. 

Under date of ^lay 12, 1887, the letter 
read< as follows : 
Dear Brother. 

When I first read your sermon on se- 
cret societies, my first impulse was to 
write you a private letter. Such was my 
confidence in your integrity and piety, I 
felt certain you would recall and retract 
leading sentiments of that discourse ; and 
I stiil think you will live to deplore its 
effects on its thousands and ten thousands 
of readers. 

Vou say, "We will, in secret, plot the 
ruin of all the enterprises of Satan." I 
need not remind you that Christ laid no 
secret plots, but says, "I have not spoken 
in secret from the beginning" (Isa. 48 :i6). 
rUit you say, "The general never sends to 
the opposing troops information of the 
coming attack." My dear brother, "shed- 
ding the blood of war in time of peace" is 
nmrder, assassination. To do the things 
ordinarily done and justified by invading 
armies, in time of peace, would, by cojn- 
mon consent, cause men to be imprisoned, 
hung or shot. You seem to be uncon- 
scious of the great truth which you bring 
out, to wit, that Freemasonry is a secret 
conspiracy against the world of outsiders, 
and you justify the lodge in treating their 
fellow citizens as enemies are treated in 
war. Is this the reasoning of a minister 
of Christ, who "in secret said nothing" 
(John 18:20)? 

Then you confound dividing society up 

into secret "orders" and "brotherhoods," 
pledged or sworn to life-long concealment 
of their proceedings, with the temporary 
privacies of ordinary life dictated by de- 
cencv or prudence, while you are \Nell 
aware that the great Romish apostasy 
dates from their creation of such secret 
"orders" and "brotherhoods" in deroga- 
tion of the one open, equal brotherhood in 
Christ. ='= '■'■' "" 

To give a loose, unsupported, ministe- 
rial endorsement from the pulpit on the 
Sabbath of secret orders, which are ab- 
sorbing our young men by thousands, and 
their money by millions, is to say to the 
wicked, "thou art righteous." "He that 
saith unto the wicked, Thou art righteous, 
him shall the people curse : nations shall 
abhor him" (Prov. 24:24). 

But the manual of the Scottish Rite of 
thirty-three degrees, now the most widely 
diffused form of Freemasonry in the 
world, says, "Genuine Freemasonry is a 
pure religion" (Cunningham's Manual, p. 
20). And that it is a religion, with altars, 
prayers, a creed and ritual, professing to 
save men without Christ, its burial serv- 
ice, nay, its fundamental writers, every- 
where proclaim. Yet in your sermon on 
"The Moral Influence of Freemasonry," 
and other secret societies, you wholly ig- 
nore the fact that it is a religion. This 
is astonishing. W^e cannot believe. that 
you intentionally mislead the thousands 
who read and trust you. But the whole 
discourse seems to us to proceed from a 
mind under an eclipse : like the disciples 
on the night of the -betrayal, when Christ 
said to the multitude at the garden of 
agony, where "his sweat was as it were 
great drops of blood falling down to the 
ground" (Luke 22:44); when the brave 
and honest Peter, sifted by Satan, suc- 
cumbed to the "great multitude" (j\iatt. 
26:47) who came with Judas, resolved, 
like the iM-eemasons, to rid themselves 
and the world of Christ : and, coward-like, 
denied that he knew him. 

"This is your hour and the power of 
darkness." That was truh- "an hour and 
power of darkness." '■^'' ■'•' '■'' 

l>ut you "have hundreds of friends" in 
the old lodges who are pillars of the 
church, patterns of piety, etc.. whom vou 
would wish to be your executors and pall- 
bearers when vou are dead. And do vou 



October. VMn. 

suppose there were no kind, "personal 
friends" among the three thousand who 
fell at Sinai for submitting to be stripped 
like Freemasons and joining in a worship 
without a Messiah? "For Aaron had 
made them naked to their shame" (Ex. 
32:25). Can you have informed yourself 
as to the spiritual nature of these lodges, 
of their relation to our late terrible war, 
and that they are now disintegrating the 
churches of the colored people of the 
South, where thousands of toil-worn 
mothers are boarding their husbands 
whose earnings are consumed by the dues 
of the lodges? 

But the bad logic and worse morals of 
this discourse culminate in your con- 
demning as "perjurers" those who having 
been entrapped by fraud and falsehood 
into Masonic lodges, have repented of 
the folly and blasphemy into wdiich they 
have been decoyed, and have felt it their 
duty to God to warn others of its snares 
and falsehoods. July 4, 1848, one hun- 
dred and three Masons met in Leroy, N. 
Y., and, appealing to Almighty God for 
the rectitude of their motives, renounced 
the lodge and solemnly and unequivo- 
cally testified to the truth of Morgan's dis- 
closures. And for you, a native of that 
State, before the men are dead who knew 
many of those men, to stand in your pulpit 
and call those men perjurers, thus endors- 
ing the oaths of ]\Iasonry as morally bind- 
ing, is simply a moral monstrosity. A 
Masonic oath is not an oath, but a trap ; 
and, as the great and good Dr. Nathaniel 
Colver said, from his own bitter yet joy- 
ous experience, the only duty of those 
taken in by it is to repent of it, renounce 
it, and warn all others to avoid it and es- 
cape from it as the bird from the snare 
of the fowler. 

That Christ may look on and love you 
as he did Peter, and that, like Peter, you 
may "weep bitterly" over that dreadful 
fall in time to save many whom your ser- 
mon will lead into the lodge, is the prayer 
of your brother in Christ, 

J. Blanchard. 

All human discoveries seem to be made 
only for the purpose of confirming more 
and more strongly the truths contained in 
the Holy Scriptures. 
—Sir John Herschel. 

®ur f Dm;iO0tum. 

It is not charged that every lodgeman 
is lewd, but false worship the world over 
leads to lying and lewdness. The mis- 
sionaries have but one testimony on this. 
The lodges have their oaths, altars and 
funeral rites, wdiich all mean worship. 
And what follows shows the natural fruit 
of idolatry in our own land. 

"Furthermore, that I will not have il- 
licit carnal intercourse with a brother 
Master Mason's wife, his mother, sister 
or daughter, I knowing them to be such, 
nor suffer it to be done by others if in 
my power to prevent. 

^;c =;< =!^ -g,Q i^i^ip j-^^g Qq^ ^j^^ j^^^p j^^^, 

steadfast in the due performance of the 

— Ecf-e Orieiiti, page 107 (Illinois work), from 
the obligation of a Master Mason. 


There is no room in Masonry for The liber- 
tine. He ^Yho despoils a woman of her stain- 
less honor must never pass the threshold of 
a Masonic lodge-room. He is a m.oral leper, 
wliose sin cannot l)e covered even l)y the 
broad mantle of Masonic charity. Masonry 
is peculiarly the friend and protector of inno- 
cent womanhood. In hut or in palace, in 
cottage or in mansion, where woman dwells 
there stands the angel of Freemasonry, with 
flaming sword, to guard, protect, defend, and 
if need be, smite with resistless power.— 
Masonic Herald. 

This grandiloquent statement lacks 
the one essential element, truth. It is 
the very opposite of truth. "It is the 
covenant that makes the Mason." By 
that only he is bound and by that only 
can he be judged, and the Masonic cov- 
enant does not '^defend pure and inno- 
cent womanhood," unless perchance the 
woman be the wife, sister or daughter of 
a Mason, and the would-be seducer 
knows that she is such. When Hon. W, 
P. D. Breckenridge, M. C, of Kentucky, 
was tried and convicted of adultery with 
Miss Pollard, who had borne him two il- 
legitimate children, it was charged and 
proved that he had violated his Masonic 
covenant in that she was the daughter of 
a Mason, and this honorable lawmaker 

October, l&Ol. 



plead in justification, that "lie did not 
know that her father was a Mason." 
Had he known it he might have done 
differently ! Not to the credit of Mason- 
ry, but to the women of Kentucky is due 
the defeat of his attempted re-election to 
Congress. There is an abundance of 
similar instances. 

A pledge to a partial morality always 
carries with it the implied license to oc- 
casional immorality. A notice that a 
smoker may not puff out his vile odors 
in the hotel parlors implies that he is 
quite free to do so in the smoking room. 
The system of x\doptive Masonry is 
based on this system of partial morality. 
Because it was seen that the wives, sis- 
ters and daughters of Masons needed 
protection from the marauders of the 
fraternity, this system of folly and wick- 
edness was invented. Its very existence 
is an implication of libertinism as the 
characteristic of a ]\Iason. 

A pastor in Troy Grove, Illinois, re- 
lated to the writer that the last time he 
attended a meeting of the Modern 
Woodmen of America was at a State 
gathering at Springfield. The head- 
quarters of the order were at St. Elmo 
Hotel, and at evening many women of 
the town flocked around the men in the 
corridors, and he said the smoke was so 
thick one could make a mark in it with 
a stick. He then saw clearly for the first 
time that this lodge was no place for him. 


A standing boast of all lodges and se- 
cret societies that have come to our no- 
tice is, that they inculcate the principles 
of morality ; but an emptier pretense was 
never put forward by an organization to 
justify its existence. 

^= * * It is a sad commentary on the 
morality of the lodge in this respect, that 
one of the most prominent of these socie- 
ties makes provision in its ritual against 
the violating of the wife or daughter of a 
lodgeman by one of the fraternity. The 
lodge member promises imder oath tc:> 
abstain from his evil piu-pose as soon as 
his intended victim gives the countersign 
applicable in that case. Is that inculcat- 
ing the principles of morality ? What of 
the poor victim whose father or husband 

does not belong to the IcKlge, and who 
does not know the sign? Against the 
wretch who indulges his unhallowerl pas- 
sions in any way not covered by his un- 
holy oath, the lodge has no complaint. 
To what results such "inculcating of tlie 
principles of morality" leads, is not diffi- 
cult of discovery. 

This summer the right thinking people 
of a number of our cities were shocked 
at the "carnivals" instituted by influen- 
tial lodges. These carnivals were given 
for raising money for lodge purposes and 
the means adopted to attain this end 
were scandalous. The worst features of 
the noxious Midway Plaisance of the 
World's Fair were introduced : lascivious 
pictures, lew^l dances, unchaste songs 
were the order of the day. It was heart- 
rending to see these lodgemen, who had 
publicly advertised themselves to be "the 
best fellows in the world," bringing their 
wives, daughters and sons to the exhibi- 
tions that caused the blush of shame to 
mount to the face of every beholder not 
hardened in this form of vice. So great 
did the scandal become that in Cleveland, 
Detroit and in Knoxville. part of the 
public press raised their voice in pro- 
test against this shame that would not 
have been tolerated in the slums — but 
without avail. A powerful lodge was be- 
hind it. But a few months ago, in one of 
the largest Xorthern universities, the 
rooms of one of the Greek letter secret 
societies were found to be places oi as- 
signation and of systematic prostitution. 
And when, a year or so ago, a large con- 
clave of lodgemen was held in Pittsburg, 
it was an open secret that the influx of 
prostitutes into the city was something 
fearful to see for those who perceived the 
flood of contagion that must leave its 
traces for years to come. 

These are not mere straws ; they are 
strong indications of how the lodge "in- 
culcates the principles of morality" in re- 
gard to social purity. If this immorality 
is inconsistent with the morality of the 
lodge, it is high time that the secret so- 
cieties were taking energetic steps to 
force themselves from the unenviable 
reputation that they have been gaini-ig. 

Against the demoralizing influences of. 
the potent and growing lodge, the state 
would better be on its guard ; and the 
church that is true to its calling, dare 


OoTober. 1901. 

never relax m i:> uncompromising" hos- 
tility to tiiis power oi darkness. 
—The LnTheran Wirness. 


• Ediror's Note. Some Time ago we secured 
Tile folloT^ing from Miss Drake. Tvhich is sub- 
sTanTiallT whaT she had given previously in 
Zion Tabernac-le. This eiTy.» 

"In iS<:i3 I went to Elgrin. Illinois, and 
I had a longing- for Christian companioii- 
i^hip in a strange place. Hearing oi the 
Eastern Star Order, and connecting with 
the name rlie star of Bethlehem, or the 
light of Tesr.s. I siippos^ed it would bring 
me in cl'jser communion -with His peo- 
ple : so I v\-as initiated into the order 
about September of 1S93. 

"After going tlifough the initiation. 
that comprised a certain obligation bind- 
ing us to protect one another's character 
and in love to do all we could to promote 
truth and love to one another, they all 
gathered round me. and shook hands 
\\ith me. and welcomed me into the or- 

"One very nice, retined-looking old 
lady, with gray hair lold enough to have 
been my mother) came and sat down by 
me. and after the usual preliminaries of 
asking questions, she began to tell me 
about the Worthy ^latron. whom she 
said kept company with people of ill-re- 

"I had promised God that if anybody 
came to me with gossip of this sort that I 
would try and bring the two together. 
This I did. making a very tine row, and 
one thing led to another initil they had a 
trial in the Chapter Room, which result- 
ed in the breaking up of the order, inas- 
much that out of 120 members ninety or 
more started a new chapter under the 
name of Bethel Chapter. 

"The loving "Brothers' sometimes 
came up to the ladies, while standing 
talking and slipped their arms around 
our waists and several tried the same on 
me. and when my anger arose, the}- 
would laughingly sa>- : ■^^> are brothers 
and sisters : don't get angry. Miss 
Drake." But I did get angry, as I always 
remeniber a motto given me when a very 
young girl : "First the waist, then the lips. 
then the eirl's s;one.* 

""In over a year's time I came back to 
Chicago irom Elgin Chapter. Xo. 212. 
Before placing my demit in the city I vis- 
ited Queen Esther Chapter, one of the 
'.argest chapters : Butler Chapter. Golden 
Rod Chapter, and other chapters. The 
Golden Rod Chapter seemed to have the 
purest Christian atmosphere. So I placed 
my demit with them, and. after being in 
there some time, I found that they were 
no better than any of the others, and that 
jealous feelings existed against those 
that held the highest offices, the same as 
Elgin Chapter. Xo. 212, because they 
wished to gain the offices for themselves. 
The unlawful and unholy relations be- 
tween some of tlie men and women, who 
had the reputation of. and the appear- 
ance of being the best educated and most 
refined in the chapter, was the cause of 
the charter being taken from them by the 
Grand Chapter. 

■'The beautiful banquets, etc., are in 
certain ways verv- pleasant, as well as ex- 
pensi-\:e. but altogether they are better 
let alone. 

"This is a mere outline of the experi- 
ence which cost me quite a good deal of 
money, time and imhappiness: and it 
these few Vv^ords will prevent others from 
making the same mistake, and glorify 
our Lord and blaster. Jesus Christ, I 
shall be very thankful. 

"Miss Ella X. Drake.- 

"I knov.- thai scores 01 tliese Eastern 
Star Chapters are in many cases nothing 
else but places of assignation, where the 
heart of many a woman, many a wife and 
mother, has been broken by her hus- 
band finding in these chapters congenial 
persons, and associating with them. I 
know of Knight Templars and others go- 
ing to distant convocations, and taking 
with them infamous women, and register- 
ing them as their wives. That I know. 
There never was a Knight Templar Con- 
clave yet. but what it was known to be a 
fact that scores, if not hundreds, had 
women companions who were not their 

"X'ow. I know what I am talking 
about. Wherever the Lord Jesus Christ 
is denied, and His name not honored, 
there is no protection. Immorality is an 
essential concomitant of secrecv. glut- 

October, 1901. 



tony and drunkenness, and tliese three 
thing-s go together." 

—Key. Jolm Alexander Dowie, in Leaves of 
Healing-, Chicago. 


Little Rock. Ark.. Aug. 22, 1901. 
Editor Cynosure : 

Rev. S. Wiley, of the Door of Hope 
Mission, of this city, made a bold attack 
on Masonry last Sabbath afternoon, at a 
strieet preaching service. ]\Ir. \\'iley re- 
ferred first to an attempt to arrest a vile 
character who had made a criminal as- 
sault on a girl about 11 years of age; a 
person heard the child's screams and 
rushed into their presence and saved the 
child from his grasp. He at oncie pro- 
ceeded to a justice of the peace and tried 
to obtain a writ for his arrest ; after the 
"justice" (?) had prepared the warrant, 
and asked the man's name, he said : "Xo, 
I'll not arrest that man; he is a friend of 

]\Ir. A\'iley continued : "Yes. that's the 
kind of laws you have here in Little 
Rock ; if a man wears the scjuare and 
compass he can commit any crime, if he 
is a white man ; but if he had been a ne- 
gro they would have taken him out into 
the street and shot him full of holes in 
less than an hour. I know all about Ma- 
sonry. I was a Mason before I was 21 
years old. and my father was one of the 
highest ^slasons in Indiana. Thirteen 
years ago God gave me a clean heart, 
and took Masonry and everything else 
that is devilish out of me, and for thirteen 
years have I been in this Rescue Mis- 
sion \\'ork." 

Standing in the audience were Masons 
with their ^^lasonsic emblems on their 
v^ests. "Yes," said ]Mr. Wiley, "you say 
prayers up in your lodge rooms, but you 
are careful not to mention the name of 
Jesus in your prayers, for you might of- 
fend the Jew' and infidel." 

"That's so," says one in the audience. 

Rro. Wylie told me that he renouncjed 
^lasonry in public, when he gave it up, 
and some of his lodgemen came to him 
and told him that he ought to be tarred 
and feathered and ridden on a rail. 

His mission is sustained only by volun- 
teer contributors. There is preaching 
everv night in the week ; Sabbath school 

and preaching every Sabbath since last 
January, when it started ; there has been 
over one hundred conversions. 

A. I. Millard. 


Minneapolis put in a bid for the Con- 
clave of 1907. She needs looking after. 
Who will labor in this harvest field ? 

The Analysis of the Commaiidery de- 
grees in "Knight Templarism Illustrat- 
ed" is interesting readmg just now : also 
the National Christian Association has 
able tracts on the subject. They should 
l.e widely read, especially in Louisville 
and vicinity, where the Conclave assem- 
bled. \\'ho are the Knights Templar 
and what is the object of the ''Con- 
clave ?'■' 

The twenty-ninth Triennial Knig"hts 
Templar Conclave is to be lield in San 
Francisco the first Tuesday of Septem- 
ber, 1904. San Francisco was the only 
bidder for the Conclave, and carried oft 
the honor without a struggle. 

AMiy not prepare San Francisco for 
the occasion by giving her people a 
knowledge of the order, and by turning 
them to the true Christ of the Bible? 
Send out the light and the truth. 


(Answers to qnestions of a Sir Knight: as 
presented on page 143 of the Septt'inbor 
nnmber of The Cynosure.) 

In replying to the Sir Kniglu's (jues- 
tions, we affectionately appeal to all 
members oi the Commanderies to com- 
pRve the counterfeit with the true : to re- 
ject the false and accept of Christ as 
revealed in his holy word. 

Your first (juestion is one that rises 
naturall}' in the mind wherever the 
Illumed Knight parades.. Question li^t : 
In these times of peace is a man with a 
helmet upon his head adorned with white 
feathers, an expensive suit of clothing-, the 
loat held in place with a sash, with gloves 
and a cumbersome sword, well e^^uipped for 
the practical protection of maidens, widows 
and children? 



October, 1901. 

A genuine American citizen is honest, 
practical, intense, loving and helpful. 
Ever since David put away the King's 
clothing and armor, when he went forth 
to kill Goliath to vindicate God's glory 
from the arraignment of Satan's repre- 
sentative, the performers of noble deeds 
put away unnecessary hindrances in 
dress, the vanities of milliner, and tailor. 
The American people were called of God 
to teach the world the Bible and its Au- 
thor. So with titles of nobility which 
they returned to the Father of us all, 
whose name alone is to be praised, osten- 
tatious display in dress increasingly was 
avoided by the founders of our country. 
Substantial, plain garb marks a gentle- 
man not to say a Christian. Costly, con- 
spicuous and cumbersome uniforms are 
not the clothing of persons whose real 
aim is true charity and universal Chris- 

■■Rough habit" is enjoined upon the 
Templars as their lifelong garb. Their 
destructible, costly plumes, their uni- 
forms of velvet and other rich material, 
with elegant trimmings and ecjuipage, 
generally stamp their pretensions false 
and the order a hypocritical counterfeit 
of primeval knighthood. The clothing 
and armor of the Knights Templar is 
also an illustration which may at sight 
be recognized as evidence of the un- 
American character of their order. 

Question 2d : 

Is it not an insult to my common sense to 
receive the good and bad things Avhich were 
given me hy little and little in such a way, 
Willi much valuable time wasted in precau- 
tions against revealing them to my wife, son 
or danghrer. business partner, pastor or other 
relative or friend? 

The proper answer to this question is 
an emphatic YES IT IS. No intelligent 
man. whose mind is unclouded by nar- 
cotics, liquors, or evil habits, could be 
prevailed upon to submit to the initia- 
tion except it were given in this tantal- 
izing, halting manner, and hardly then 
unless by the educational effect of initia- 
tion in preceding degrees of Freemason- 
ry, his conscience had become hardened, 
his character selfish, mercenary and 
morally imbecile. It is not strange that 
IMasonic oi^cers, whose salaries are con- 
tingent upon the prosperity of the order, 
insist that none but those who have 

taken the preceding ]\Iasonic degree 
shall be admitted to the commandery of 
the Sir Knights degree. 
Question 3d : 

Are the ceremonies of Knight Templarism 
just, true, lovely, and of good report? If so. 
why hide them from all who have not taken 
the preceding degrees? 

The essential features of this degree 
are unjust (to the candidate and to the 
outside world), untrue ("if they shall say 
unto you, behold he is in the secret 
chambers ; believe it not"), unlovely 
(breaking many hearts nearest to them), 
and of evil report ("horrible incongrui- 
ties," "lures," "snares," "appalling blas- 
phemy"), and they seek darkness rather 
than light, because their deeds are evil. 
Question 4th : 

Do not the military tactics, while a relief 
to the heav3' and dreary inconsistency of 
this nondescript mixture of grave, severe and 
re^volting with the convivial, tend to weaken 
the power of conscience and strengthen the 
influence of Avar— of brute force? 

Why should I be asked about draAving' my 
sword in defense of the Christian religion 
A^^hen that religion demands that we "follow 
peace Avith all men"? 

Military drill has an educational and 
hygienic value that might profitably be 
a feature of physical culture in systems 
of athletics, even when the angel of peace 
rules the world. Christ's followers lack- 
ed nothing when they .wxnt unarmed, 
and when advised to procure swords. He 
taught their use only in extreme cases. 

He warned them to let swords alone, 
saying that those who took the sword 
should perish by the sword. My king- 
dom is not of this. world, else would my 
servants fight. "Put up thy sword'' are 
samples of his instructions to disciples. 
The warfare of Christ's followers is spir- 
itual. Xo order, fostering the military 
spirit, is Christian. A parade of Knights 
Templar at the opening of the twentieth 
century, cheered by thousands of specta- 
tors, is enough to make angels weep and 
true soldiers of Christ gird themselves 
anew with "the sword of the spirit which 
is the word of God." 

The effect of such a spectacle upon the 
boys and men who have no foundation in 
Christ is baneful, appalling. A society 
organized for the welfare of innocent 
maidens, destitute widows and helpless 

CuntA^r. 1001. 



orphans, would naturally turn its swords 
or the price of them, into plowshares, and 
its spears into pruning hooks, or other 
practical ti^ols for genuine ser\ic«e. 
Question 5th : 

Whr «b •nW 1 1^ reqnired to solemnly prom- 
ise tm tninform to all the ceremonies, rules 
and K^^nlarion of my Commamiery. and to 
maintain The rt>nstimtion, rules and edicts of 
The <;rand Encampment when I do not know 
what they are or will be? 

The requirement is as imreasonable as 
it is un-Christian. Some parts of tliis 
system need but to be seen to be hated 
and a foreknowledge of them would be 
as disastrous to their popularity as ig- 
norance of them should be. "Look be- 
fore you leap." The Bible demands con- 
fession and sacrifice for o^ths good or 
bad. taken in ignorance. 

Question 6th : 

Is it ne'-essary to mix nonsense and play 
with the oaths and penalties in such a 
witches" broth that one cannot tell what is 
solemn fa ;-t and what fiction? 

As thiT ways of a strange woman, who 
is the Biblical type of false religion, are 
moveabie that they may not be known, 
so the ways of a man-invented religion 
are mixe<j truth and eiror administered 
with magician-like methods to dec?ive. 
if it were pcssible. the ver\- elect. 

Question 7th : 

Should I seek the accomplishment of val- 
V r -ns dee«ls in order to ennoble my name? 

>eli-aggrandizement. the ennobling of 
one's name, is an unworthy motive. Such 
an object diminishes tli:e lustre of any 
valorous deed. Moses. Paul and multi- 
tudes of statesmen, saints and martyrs — 
pre-eminently the Savior whom all are 
commanded to follow — sought and ac- 
com.plished valorous deeds that human- 
ity might be ransomed and ennobled. 
"Thy will h^ done." "Thy kingdom 
come." "Hallowed be thy name." is the 
royal motive for valorous deeds. 

Question 8th : 

Th. tht-y iilay that minutes are years, that 
they command a seven years' i>il^ma;?e and 
tlien excnseme from fonr. then, that they 
reiiuire four years of warfare and then ex- 
cnse me fr»>m the last one. on ci>ndition that 
I make it a year of penance? 

The management of the Knight Tem- 
plar Degree commit this childish, not to 
sav disho'uest follv and nonsense. Esau 

sold his birthright for a more substan- 
tial equivalent than the Knights Templar 
return to their votaries for the time, 
money and character squandered by par- 
ticipation in such performances. 
Question 9th : 

Have I invoked a punishment after death 
should I pnive unfaithful tr. the Kuighrs Tem- 
lar vow? 

Kneeling, with a skuli m hand, each 
candidate repeats after the Emirxnt 
Commander, "As the sins of the whole 
world were once visited upon the head of 
our SaWor. so may all the sins of the per- 
son whose skull this once was. in addi- 
tion to my own. be hieaped upon my head, 
and may this libation appear in judgment 
against me. both here and hereafter, 
should I ever knowingly or wilfully vio- 
late this my most solemn vow of a Knight 
Templar." You have, and by such a 
prayer and vow the can v piously 

assumes the prerogati\ir ah. for 

to^him belongeth vengeance, ji. _ 
and future punishment. 

Question 10: 

I>>es it nor solemnly pleil:ie me. tmder pain 
of death, that I Tvill do things imiK»ssible: 

The vow of the Knight Templar to 
keep the secrets of the order, and to 
wield his sword in defense of innocent 
maidens. -:': :e widows, helpless or- 
phans, c... . /:^r?s'i?-n re^i^rio^. under 
penalty 01 dc he 
secrets of til. ^ to 
conceal what is already revealed is im- 
possible. "There is no darkness nor 
shadow of night where the workers oi 
iniquity may hide themselves." To draw 
iiis sword as pledged is also an impossi- 
ble promise to most Sir Knights : 

Question nth : 

If I am to defend the Christian relisrion. 
must I not renounce and withstand such or- 
ders as Knisrht Templarism? 

Surely if the Christian religion is to be 
defended by its most effective weapon. 
the Bible. Knight Templarism and kin- 
dred orders must expect respect and re- 
ceive sharp criticism and earnest opposi- 
tion. The hidden things of dishonesty, 
craftiness and handling the word of God 
deceitfully are renounced and opposed 
by all who defend Christianity with the 
swor! of the Spirit. 



October. 11X)1. 

Question 12th : 

Are not secrecy and ignorant obedience al- 
ways tools of tyranny? 

Thev are ; and because Christ lived 
and died to make men free, He spake 
op:enly in the synagogue and in the 
streets. In secret he said nothing. He 
commanded his followers to let their 
light shine in a way that would lead peo- 
ple to glorify God. He asked questions 
of those whom He instructed, and in pa- 
tience and humility removed their ignor- 
ance and with meekness endured the 
base tyrannical conduct of the ignorant 
mob who embittered the closing scenes 
of His life. 

Question 13th: 

Is it strange that Washington and other 
men forsook similar assemblies and warned 
people against their methods? 

It would seem impossible for sincere, 
honest men to do otherwise. Many are 
the testimonies from patriots who cotild 
not do otherwise than tell the evil char- 
acter of the lodge and affectionately urge 
their fellows to forsake the lying vani- 
ties and deceits of wicked secret socie- 

Question 14th : 

If I find that I have done all these things, 
what is the best course for me to pursue in 
view of existing circumstances? 

AA^hen a Knight Templar communes 
with his soul and his God concerning the 
order he finds himself indeed in a woeful 

The acknowledgment of Christ, for 
vxhich, if a Christian, though a wander- 
ing one, he has longed, the privilege of 
bringing his blessed Lord into th;e lodge 
with him is forbidden him, for he finds 
that the Christ of the Knights Templar 
degree is only a counterfeit of the Bible 

Christ spake openly to the world. He 
had no selfishness, no ;evil to hide, and 
he commanded His disciples to speak in 
the temple to the people ''all the words 
of this life." 

The Knights Templar order speaks in 
secret chambers. Christ's gospel is with- 
out money and without price. The 
Knights Templar charges a price to 
those who would enter their fellowship. 

Christ's command is. 

"Go ye into all the world and preach 
the gospel to every creature." 

The Knights Templar says conceal 
from all but our membership and those 
who are entitled to receive the degrees of 
our commandery. Christ says put up thy 
sword. Knight Templarism says take 
thy sword and wield it valiantly in the 
cause of Knighthood. 

The libations are *'the cup 01 devils;' 
as described by Paul in I. Corinthians, 
tenth chapter and twenty-secon<l verse. 

"Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord 
and the cup of devils." 

For the foregoing and similar reasons 
the Knight Templar must repent of his 
sinful disobedience to the Lord of heav- 
en and earth ; and renouncing the hidden 
things of dishonesty he should labor 
with his companion Knights to remove 
all un-Christian and unpatriotic features 
from their ritual : The secrecy, the pom- 
pous titles, false professions and preten- 
sions, oaths and libations. Should he suc- 
ceed in converting this order from the 
error of its ways, he would save many 
a soLil from death, prevent a muhitude of 
sins and shine as the stars forever and 
ever. Failing m this, but one alternate 
remains, and that is to come out from 
among them, to have no fellowship with 
the unfruitful works of darkness, but 
rather to reprove them, and from that 
time henceforw^ard the order of Knights 
Templar, as an organization, should be 
regarded as an heathen man and a publi- 
can, while as individuals this enlightened 
ex-Knight Templar continues to pray 
for them and to warn them of the evil 
and instruct them in the truth. 

When one recalls the theaters, ball- 
rooms and saloons visited by the Sir 
Knights at their conclaves, it is worth 
while to note the letter of the Prince of 
Wales, the English Grand Master, writ- 
ten in 1899. In it he says : ''I am strong- 
ly of the opinion that the wearing of Ma- 
sonic regalia at services in church and at 
entertainments where ladies and others, 
not ]\Iasons, are present, is n.:>t calcu- 
lated to increase the dignity of the order 
or raise it in the estimation of those who 
have been admitted to its secrets and 
—Christian Nation. 

October, 1901. 




The Knight Templars have held a 
great conclave in this city. Probably not 
less than $15,000 were spent by the or- 
der and the citizens for- decorations and 
illuminations. The real meeting consist- 
ed of a few of the high officials, the mass- 
es of the Knights came along to make a 
show and pay the bills. We have heard 
some very interesting remarks about the 
Knights. A minister who apparently 
gives more attention to Masonry than to 
Christianity, and who stated in his pulpit 
what every Mason in the third degree or 
above knows to be a falsehood, that he 
had never heard anything said in the 
lodge or in Masonic circles about stand- 
ing by each other in anything wrong (he 
has taken over thirty degrees) made it 
appear, so far as false statements and in- 
correct reasoning can make it appear, 
that every one of these knights is a 
Christian and would fight like the 
knights of old for Christianity. A gen- 
tleman of very extensive and careful ob- 
servation regarding public afTairs re- 
marked of this minister that evidently he 
had not heard a certain high officiak in 
the order swear. We inquired if he were 
much given to profanity and obtained the 
reply that he hardly utters a word with- 
out an accompanying oath. We saw no 
saloon in this city which was not deco- 
rated in honor of the knights, and many 
of them were both decorated and illumi- 
nated, and some of them at great ex- 
pense, and on them all were placed the 
cross and the crown, and frequently the 
usual inscription, in Latin, which is ren- 
dered in English by these words, "By this 
Conquer." Profanity, vulgarity, and the 
other usual accompaniments of the sa- 
loon have been rife in our streets and in 
the places of public entertainment, vet 
the men who are included in this branch 
of Masonry are set before the world as 
examples of manliness and .Christian he- 
roism. These things ane disheartening 
when taken in connection with the terri- 
ble fact that the most zealous open ad- 
vocates of these wicked and foolish in- 
stitutions are men who occupy what are 
commonly known as pulpits in Christian 
churches. The only hope any thinking- 
person can entertain for the deliverance 
of the world from this PTeat anti-Christ 

is in the return of our Lord, who shall 
destroy that wicked one by the bright- 
ness of his appearing. When we look to 
the returning Lord we are inspired with 
new and brighter hope. 
— Wesleyan Methodist, Oct. 4, 18S0. 


Professor Boltwood Declares Fecret Focie- 
ties in {schools Are Inimical to Spirit of 

"Secret societies in schools are inimi- 
cal to the spirit of democracy, which is 
the foundation of our educational sys- 
tem," said Professor Henry L. Bolt- 
wood, the principal of the Evanston High 
vSchool, when asked yesterday to give his 
reasons for appealing to parents not to 
allow their children to join the secret so- 
cieties in that school. "Because of the 
societies in a school class distinctions 
arise, which are entirely undemocratic. 
Those who are not asked to join a society 
feel that they have been slighted, and as 
a result their interest in the school work 
is diminished. ^Moreover, the fraternities 
attempt to run everything. 

"The athletics of this school have suf- 
fered because of the fraternities, and the 
same conditions prevail at Northwestern 
Lniversity. I know there is no such col- 
lege feehng there as exists at Princeton 
and other schools where the fraternities 
are abolished. 

"The things which are guarded 
against iii the college fraternities are 
pushed by the younger students. The 
high school fraternities are responsible 
for no good, but they arc the cause of 
positive evil." 
—Chicago Tribune, Sept. 2, 1001. 


Miss Elizabeth Phillips Hiiehe?, Comuiis- 
sioner of the English Goveruuient, to 
Study Educational Methods in Japau. 

In addition to previous education, 
Aliss Hughes took two degree courses 
in Cambridge. England, and was subse- 
quently elected to take charge of the 
new post graduate college. In addition 
to teaching and lecturing ^liss Hughes 
served on the Educational Committee of 
the Town Council of CambridQ'C 



October. lOOl. 

She praises American teachers, but 
mildly criticizes secondary schools. She 
states : 

There is one thing I notice in them which 
1 Think cannot be too strongly condemned, 
;nid That is the increasing number of fraterni- 
ties. Tlie time in secondary schools is too 
important to be dissipated, and these organi- 
zationfi mean a tax upon mind and body. 
They bring too mnch social life for boys ajid 
.uirls of the age I tind in these schools. To 
have fraternity diversion during this period 
means a waste of time, a waste of energy 
iind frequently the formation of undesirable 
;icqnaiutances. I have seen jaded boys and 
girls in these classes, where they should be 
fresh and alert, and again I investigated 
when the pupils did not know that they were 
under observation. In one city I attended a 
party, and was grieved and shocked at what 
I saw. This social life is absoltitely disas- 
trous to good school work. At this party of 
Avhich I. speak I saw a freedom of both speech 
and action which was anything but admir- 
able, and many young girls Avere entirely un- 
<-haperoned. and some came quite a distance. 
Those in authority cannot look into the mat- 
ter of fraternities in secondary schools any 
TOO soon. 

Pupils of secondary schools should in- 
deed b-r emphatically taught the evil of 
organized secrecy, and its reactionary, 
degrading effect tipon character. The 
beauty of earnest, delicate candor should 
be ingrained into sttidcnts by instructors 
who have personal familiarity with, and 
lov:e for. the purity, wisdom, sublimity, 
tactfiilntss and truth of the great teach- 
er. Christ. 


"He shall not fail nor be discotu-aged, till 
he have snt judgment in the earth; and the 
isle^^ shall wait for his law." (Isaiah 42:4.) 

For hundreds of years the inhabitants 
of these interesting islands, while uncon- 
sciously waiting for God's law of truth and 
love, have been victims of oppression, 
which they have been powerless to re- 
move. Aspirations and efforts for learn- 
ing were subdued or crushed. Their re- 
ligious guides, the friars, are charged 
with neglect of duty, greed, luxury and 
the tyrannical assumption of political 

The providences of heaven devel- 
op slowly but they operate surely 

when the hour strikes. The iniquity of 
their oppressors being full, God removed 
them in a wonderful not to say miracu- 
lous manner. He has now put it within 
the power of the people of the United 
States to elevate them. Illiterate, cun- 
ning and the devotees of a secret society 
of Masonic origin and tendency which has 
circulated the wildest stories about the 
treachery of Americans, we receive them 
and in the spirit of the Master have com- 
passion upon them. 

American School Teachers. 

The 6oo teachers who have reached the 
islands (as we suppose), led by their su- 
perintendent, Mr. Atkinson, have a most 
responsible and glorious work to do, and 
if they have a truly American and Chris- 
tian spirit they will fulfill the -prophecy of 
Isaiah, bringing God's law of love, joy, 
peace, long suffering, gentleness, good- 
ness, faith, meekness and temperance to 
'those waiting souls. Years may be re- 
qttired for the work or a nation may be 
born in a day. These teachers wdll be 
followed with our sympathies and with 
our prayers and other tokens of love and 

What Are We Fighting? 

We are not fighting a government in 
the Philippine Islands, but a secret so- 
ciety, whose oath is the following, as it 
a])pears freely translated in The World 
(Xcw York). Oct. 8. 1899: 

The Oath. 

1. I will die slowly, by. the most hideous 
torture, before I divitlge anything that I 
know, learn or conjecture abotit this Very 
Exalted and Honorable Union. 

2. I will execute at any cost to myself or 
others, immediately, unquestioningly and ex- 
actly, all orders accompanied by '"The Sa- 
cred and Secret \yord." 

o. I will cherish active and undying hatred 
against Spaniards and other foreigners. 

4. When the order comes I will personally 
assist to slaughter, at once and withotit 
mercy or distinction, all foreigners within 
reach of my revenge. 

5. I will keep these oaths while my life 
lasts, and should I forget or disobey them I 
will rightfully suffer the most horrible death 
which my associates can intlict upon me. 

The W^orld goes on to say that this 
Kataastaasan Kagalanggalang Katapu- 
nan. wdiose banner bears the insignia K. 
K. K., is an orp-anization more numerous 

Ortoher. 1901. 



than the Italian Mafia or Camorra, more 
cnnnmg than the Hindoo thugs, more 
l)olcl than the Russian NihiHsts. It 
calls itself "The Katapunan. or Society of 
the Supreme and \'enerablc Association 
of the Sons of the People," and its object 
is patriotic. It is an illustration of what 
fallen man can do for his own elevation. 

l->om the North American Review for 
August, in a paper written by Colonel L. 
W. \'. Kennon, we gather the following 
facts : 

The Supreme and \'enerable (Katipu- 
nan) Association of the Sons of the Peo- 
ple was organized on the 7th of July,. 
1892. The society grew rapidly in Manila 
and the Tagal provinces and four years 
later was reported as numbering from 
12.000 to 14,000. In the beginning, for- 
nmlas of Masonry were used, but were 
subsequently simplified. Three K's were 
the distinctive symbols of the society. It 
contained three degrees, a simple cipher 
and secret signs were adopted. Initiation 
ceremonies were solemn and terrifying. 
The candidate was first questioned in a 
cabinet, and then introduced into a dimly 
lighted room, where, upon a table draped 
in black, were a human skull, a loaded 
revolver, a bolo or short native sword and 
a ])aper upon which were written ques- 
tions wliich he was required to answer. 
After various other tests the oath above 
(|Uoted was administered and signed with 
blood taken from the candidate's left 

The Supreme Council consisted of a 
]Yesident, Secretary, Syndic. Treasurer 
and six members. This council, with the 
presidents of local lodges, formed the 
assembly. Twenty-five women were ad- 
mittetl to quiet their suspicions. The)' 
were told that the object of tlie society 
was simply mutual aid. Tlie Katipunan 
did, in fact, aid its sick and l)iu-y its dead. 
The mural objects of the society were 
the teaching of democratic ideas and op- 
position to religious fanaticism. The po- 
litical objects were the securing the re- 
forms granted to Cuba. Copies of the 
*Tlights of Alan," a history of the French 
Revolution and other works, including 
treatises on military tactics and on the 
manufacture of powder and dynamite 
were circulated among its members. Ef- 
forts were made by the Spanish for its 

suppression, and the mark of initiation 
was ground for imprisonment. 

On Aug. 26, 1896, this society took up 
arms against the Spaniards and within 
five days Aguinaldo, who presided over 
the lodge at Cavite, and his adherents 
had taken possession of nearly every 
town in the province, surprising small 
garrisons and securing their arms. The 
insurrection spread rapidly throughout 
the Tagal provinces where the Katipunan 
had been established. The president of 
the order was killed and Aguinaldo as- 
sumed control of the society and of the 
forces in the field. The insurrection last- 
ed fourteen months. It ended by buying 
off the leaders and for the time being the 
Katipunan was suppressed. The treaty 
of Biakna-Bato secured these conditions. 
It was signed Dec. 14, 1897. Aguinaldo, 
who had by this treaty been exiled, under 
protection of the Americans, returned to 
Cavite. On Jan. 4, 1899, ^^^ o" J^"- 26, 
following Aguinaldo announced a Philip- 
pine Republic with himself as President. 
The Katipunan was revived ; Aguinaldo 
announced that all Filipinos were mem- 
bers of the society, whether they wished 
or not, and a new Katipunan was formed, 
whose objects were the expulsion of the 
Americans and the liberty of the country. 
The government and the Katipunan were 
practically one and the symbols of the lat- 
ter appeared on the seals and stamps of 
the former. 

The reign of the Katipunan was one of 
blood and terror. Its victims were ex- 
clusively natives. 

"The great majority of the people." 
Colonel Kennon writ-es. "the ordinary 
'hombres' are but slightly removed -from 
savagery." They are almost inconcei\- 
ablv ignorant, fluent liars, the obedient 
slaves of their proprietors but little above 
brutes." Among them nuirder is scarce- 
ly regarded as a crime ; familiarity with it 
has bred contempt. A native will frankly 
confess that he has killed so many men. 
but will plead that 'he was ordered to do 
it.' He will state that he nmrdered a man 
hostile to you or to your party solel}- to 
ingratiate himself in your favor. He will, 
with tears in his eyes, kill a member of 
his own family because ordered by the 
Presidente of the town to do so ; he would 
kill his own child if required to do so by 



October, irK>l. 

the Presidente. Another will squat be- 
side a grave in which his companions are 
burvino- alive two of his fellow creatures, 
hear the muffled cries of the latter as the 
earth falls upon them growing fainter and 
fainter as its depth increases, and greedily 
devour meanwhile a mess of rice, rejected 
bv one of the victims of Katipunan 'jus- 
tice.' Such people are little above brutes, 
but of such is the bulk of the membership 
of the Katipunan, credulous recipients of 
its teachings, and mere unthinking instru- 
ments for the carrying out of whatever 
infamy may be directed by the leaders.'' 

For fear of their own lives they dare 
not refuse to obey Katipunan edicts. 

The order has been the effective weap- 
on by whose aid apparent hostility to the 
Americans has been much greater than 
real. Its methods densely despotic, never 
could result in liberty. Its leaders exer- 
cise and desire dominion, and for the 
masses servitude. Many of the facts of* 
this paper have been taken from Colonel 
Kennon's article, which he closes with the 
following language : 

''In spite of encouragement from mis- 
guided American allies and ill-considered 
resolutions of sympathy by the Legisla- 
tures of some American States, the in- 
evitable result cannot long be postponed, 
and the bloody work of the Katipunan is 
nearing its end. When its dark shadow 
shall have passed from the land, the peo- 
ple may learn, in the sunlight of real free- 
dom, that a government of law is liberty, 
and may fit themselves for the transfer 
of power even now begun from potentate 
to people." 

God, who speaks openly, who requires 
the human family to have no fellowship 
with the unfruitful works of darkness will 
not "fail nor be discouraged till he has set 
judgment in the earth." 

The wicked are God's sword and from 
behind frowning providences light shall 
arise, mercy and truth will prevail. 

The clergy of the Filipinos are said to 
have been on thie side of their oppres- 
sors. The Freemasons aided the island- 
ers in organizing themselves into a great 
opposing secret society, to which Agui- 
naldo told them, the native men — will- 
ing or unwilling — all belonged. It is the 
Katapunan " Kataastaasan Kagalangga- 
lang, or the bloody three K. K. K.'s. The 

Freemasons have been poor aids. They , 
need help themselves. The Filipinos are m 
suffering for a scriptural Christianity, 
and deliverance from lodge bondage. 
Who is putting the Bible into their 
schools, their homes and their hearts? 

ieni0 of ®ur Pori 

Eld. Thomas Inman, of whom a sketch 
appears in this number, has been kept 
at home lately by sickness, but is now 
able to fill calls for lectures on Secret So- 
cieties. His address is Strasburg, 111. 

The president of our Association will 
give a series of addresses at Viola. 111., 
on Oct. 5-6. President Blanchard has 
been secured for six series of addresses 
in Illinois. He spoke last month in Mt. 
Morris, Ogle County, on Saturday even- 
ing, on "Secret Societies and Citizen- 
ship," from the text I. Thess : 3 : 21 ; and 
on Sabbath morning on "The Attitude of 
Secret Societies Toward Our Savior As 
a Person," from I. Jno. 2: 2;^. In the 
evening his theme was, "Secret Societies 
and the Church," from the text, I. Tim. 
3 : 15. If you can arrange for a meeting 
in your town, write at once to the Cyno- 
sure, stating the facts as to place and 


Washington, D. C, Sept. 18. n^oi. 
Dear Cynosure : 

The sorrowing procession l^earing the J 
remains of William McKinley, twenty- " 
fifth President of the United States, to 
their final resting place, passed through - 
this city yesterday. There is much we 3 
would note that would interest Cynosure jj 
readers, but our report must at this time :^ 
be written with the Cynosure reform in 
view. We are glad to be able to report 
that th<j ceremonies connected with this ' 
momentous event are more like those 
befitting a Christian than a lodgeman. 

The well-known connection of our 
honored President with man}' secret so- 
cieties naturally led the people to expect 
that his death would give them opportu- 
nity to parade before the world. To 
think that these societies would "take a 

October. 1001. 



back seat."' unless they could not help it, 
on such an occasion, is not to know them. 
Yet that is what they have done. In no 
report or procession so far as I can learn 
or have seen, have the Masons or the 
minor lodges been given a prominent 
place. In the procession here yesterday 
the fjeatliered Masons and Pythians were 
permitted to show their feathers with 
other lodges near the end of the proces- 

The work I sought to accomplish dur- 
ing the past month calls for little in the 
way of remark, as a recital of details 
could but weary the ordinary reader. 

The camp-meeting attended in Krei- 
der's Grove, Lebanon County, Pa., was 
full ol spiritual life and blessing. We 
spoke to a large congregation from the 
text, "Fear not, Abram'' (Gen. 15: i). 
Referring to those who need fear, we 
mentioned the man who attempts to ap- 
proach God at the same time rejecting 
his so^. God out of Christ is a "con- 
suming- fire." The unrepentant lodge 
]nan surely should fear. The Sabbath 
spent with Free Methodist brethren at 
Alexandria, Virginia, was a day of draw- 
ing near to God and receiving graciously 
from him. We preached the word twice 
at this place. 

Our usual trip via Philadelphia and 
Xew York to New England was hurried 
this year because of the feeling that there 
is urgent need for work in other sections. 
We rested near Warren Cottage at Brant 
Rock. Mass., at the home of parents, for 
a few days, and were permitted to look 
out upon the vast expanse of the ever 
restless sea, our horizon limited only by 
the sky. 

To-morrow, D. V., I attend a confer- 
. ence of the Free Methodist Church, for 
this District, which opens in Alexan- 
dria, Va., to-day. 

I have written friends to get proposecf 
meetings in Somerset and Blair Coun- 
ties, in line. Greensburg, Pittsburg and 
other points in Western Pennsylvania 
are on our program for the near future. 
Our President has been struck down in a 
most dastardly manner, but "our God 
still reigns and our government sur- 
vives." Oh, that we may learn the les- 
sons for us in this severe providence. 
W. B. Stoddard. 


Thos. Inman, the subject of our sketch, 
was born near Shelby ville. 111., March 
26, 1866. He descended from a (jerman 
family that came 
t o the Carolinas 
during their early 
settlements. When 
he was two years 
years of age his 
parents removed to 
the southwest part 
of the county, 
where they still re- 
side, and where Thomas received a com- 
mon school education. He taught school 
five years, holding the principalship of 
Cowden graded schools during 1890 and 
'91. He professed a saving faith in 
Christ in January, 1881, and united with 
the Baptist Church the follow^ing April. 
Entered the ministry in 1893. Ordained 
to the full work of the Gospel ministry, 
October, 1897. He has been in the evan- 
gelistic work a great deal of the time, and 
for several years has been doing a great 
deal of personal work against secret fra- 
ternal organizations. He is now public- 
ly engaged in opposing and exposing the 
principles of secret societies. Believing 
that God has chosen him to this special 

We give you below some of the sub- 
jects that he has cHscussed : i. "God's 
Three Institutions." 2. "Taming the 
Lodge Goat." 3. "The Head of John 
the Baptist." 4. "The Good Samaritan." 

5. "Anti-Christ in the Lodge Room." 

6. "Bond or Free^" 7. "Wood Craft 
As It Really Is." 8. "Side Shows, or La- 
dies' Lodees." 


Carthage, Mo., Se|)t. 3. 190 t. 
Dear Brother Phillips: 

I have been busy lecturing and have 
stirred up the old devil as usual, for he 
always gets stirred up whenever the 
truth is told about him. I have had a 
curious experience. Even in this place 
I have found out more and more that the 
devil and his followers wish only to be 
"let alone." The}" actuall}' cr}- out. 
"What have we to do with thee. Art 



October. llnH, 

thou come to torment us before tlie 
time,"" and again they say. "We know 
thee who thou art." But I cannot let 
them alone. I cannot hold my peace and 
see thousands of people going the broad 
way to drestruction. In my tract distrib- 
uting I met the president of the college 
and told him that I would like to visit the 
college and distribute tracts among the 
young men. He said. "Xo, I can"t have 
you do that, for it would disturb the peo- 
ple." ]\Iany of his best people were Ma- 
sons, he said, and he wished to be let 
alone. I asked him if he would read 
books or papers on anti-Masonry, and 
he said no, that they were not true, and 
he "had no time for such stuff." I then 
asked him if he had ever read any of the 
expositions of Masonry, and he said he 
had not and had no desire to read them. 

In our daily paper here a few weeks 
ago there was a notice of a Rev. ^Ir. 
Brown having been raised to the sublime 
degree of ^Master ]\Iason. I wrote an ar- 
ticle about it. and what I knew of ^la- 
sonry, and sent it to the paper and it was 

I was requested to lecture on this sub- 
ject some months ago at a little town 
some ten miles from here, and did so. I 
had great boldness and freedom, and 
told the whole truth. There was some 
disturbance in the congregation, but I 
did not fear anything. I have been told 
since then that the ^lasons were there in- 
tending to mob me, and my friend asked 
the man why they did not do it. "W'eH."" 
said he, "Glassford just swept everything 
clean and it looked as though he had the 
whole crowd on his side, so we Vv'ere 
afraid to do it." 

(Rev.) J. K. Glassford. 


The membership of the Christian 
Builders' Union, 1080 West Harrison 
street, Chicago, consists of all building 
mechanics, contractors, material manu- 
facturers and dealers, and their men, 
property owners and agents, all Chris- 
tians and total abstainers, residing in the 
United States and Canada. Applications 
made enclosing this notice will be free 
from membership fee, dues 25 cents per 
month thereafter: such members on 
sending other applications with the regu- 

lar membership fee of $1, will receive a 
receipt for two months' dues for each 
eligible member. A directory is issued 
every three months, enclosing all names 
classified, a copy of which is mailed to 
each member. Cities showing a member- 
ship of fifty will be organized into a local 
body. This is not a secret society, and 
should be encouraged by all v."orking- 

While there are poor nonunion men 
out of work they cannot be expected to 
stand idle where there is work to be done 
and money to be paid for it. They have 
just the same right with the union men. 
to lay up something to keep the wolf "> 
from the door. They will work when 
they have a chance and no man can 
rightly blame them. Here is where the 
unions are morally wrong. They not 
only refuse to work, but refuse to let 
others work. This is contrary to the fun- 
damental principles of our Declaration 
of independence. There it is declared, 
among other important principles, that 
all men have a right to life, liberty and 
the pursuit of happiness. Unionism is 
diametrically the opposite of this. The 
non-unionist is a scab, a mudsill, a slave, 
and must not be allowed to earn his liv- 
ing on equal terms with the union man. 
This is to deny a foundation principle on 
which our fathers built our 'Constitution. 
—Christian Iiistriu-tor. 


The year had gloomily begun 

For Willie Week.s. a poor man's Sun.. 

He was beset with bill and dun 

And he had very little Mon. 

••This cash." said he. "won't pay my dues, 
I've nothing here but ones and Tues."* 

A bright thought struck him and he said. 
-The rir-h Miss Gold Locks I will Wed." 

But when he paid his court to her. 

She lisped and firmly said, No Tiiur." 

••AlasI" said he, "then I must die. 

I'm done. I'll drown. I'll burn. I'll Fri." 

They found his gloves and coat and hat: 
The coroner upon them >Sat. 

Octol>er, 1901. 


is: 5 



It is recorded of one that his powers cA 
vision were so extraordinary that he could 
distinctly see the fleet of the Cartha^ni- 
ans enter the harbor of Carthage, while he 
stood himself at I.ilyboeiim, in Sicily. A 
man seeing across an ocean, and able to 
tell of objects so far ofif ! He could fea«t 
his vision on what others saw not. Even 
thus does faith now stand at its Lily- 
bocum and sees that which is obscure 
to our natural vision. 
—A. A. Bonar. 


By rising vote the Plain Chnrch, Bowling 
(ireen. Ohio, last Sunday morning adopted 
the following with reference to the death of 
Mrs. William H. Minton. who died Aug. 14, 

"Whereas, God in his providence has call- 
ed from our midst to her eternal home, one 
who has been for half a century a membei- 
of this church, and who was a daughter of 
the founder and first pastor of this church: 

"Resolved, That as a church we desire to 
express our high appreciation of the Christian 
character of Mrs. Sally Sanford Woodbury 
Minton and the sense of bereavement and 
loss that comes to each of us as members 
of this church. 

"Resolved. That we wish to express our 
heartfelt sympathy with the husband, so 
deeply aftlicted, and the family so greatly be- 
reaved, with the hope that each and all may 
tind in .lesus Christ the consolation that (-an 
come from no earthly source." 

The editor of the C3'nosure joins thie 
neighbors of our brother in expressing 
sympathy for him and his family in their 
1)ereavement. Mrs. Minton's maiden 
name w^as Pettingill, and she was close- 
Iv related to Pres. S. C. Bartbtt and 
Deacon Moses Pettingill, the latter a 
brother-in-law of ex-FVesident Jonatlian 

For their sakes I sanctify myself, that 
they also might be sanctified. I am my 
best, not simply for myself, but for the 
— Phillips Brooks. 


Mrs. .1. K. (ilassford, whose burial ' was 
conducted at the Methodist Church yesterday 
afternoon by Dr. J. W. Stewart, was the pio- 
neer member of the Carthage Methodist 
Church, her name being the first on the roll, 
placed there when Jasper County was all 
one circuit, over thirty years ago. 

Mrs. Augusta Glassford was born in Cir- 
cleville, Ohio, in the year 1823, July 22. She 
moved with her father's family to Lafayette, 
Indiana, when about 1<> years old. She was 
married to J. K. Glassford Aug. 10, 1S4S. and 
went to Monticello, where they made tlieir 
home for six years. In 1856 they moved to 
Waverly, Iowa, where they lived until ISiitl. 
when they came to Carthage, Mo., living in 
town and on their farm south of town for 
twenty-six years. Since that time they have 
lived at Phoenix, Arizona, making frequent 
trips back to their old home. 

Mrs. Glassford was the mother of six chil- 
dren, four having died in their infancy. The 
two living are Major W. A. Glassford and 
Mrs. W. H, Weir. 

The bereaved husband. Rev. ]. K. 
Glassford, will have the sympathv and 
prayers of many readers of the Cynosure, 
wdio have become acquainted with him 
throuofh its columns. 


Dubuque, Iowa, Aug. 19, u^oi. 
Editor The Christian Cvnosure. Chicago. 

111. : 

Dear Sir : Several years ago I received 
a letter from my father. Rev. John 
Prown, A. M., giving me a memorandmu 
of a few of the more important events in 
his life, and requesting me to write them 
into th-e form of an obituary notice and 
publish in The Christian Cynosure. 

Pie is dead, and surely like a full and 
ripened sheaf he was gathered in. After 
man\'. man\- )ears of vigorous life and 
manhood, and years of declining age, on 
the 28th day of July, 1901, he slipped 
(juietly and peacefull\- away to his rest 
and his reward. 

Pather was born in Pervie. Kincard- 
ineshire^ Scotland. Xov. 14. 1812. At 
the age of 16 he joined the Church of 
Scotland, and two years later he became- 
a Paptist. He was educated at the Uni-^ 



October, 1901. 

versity of Aberdeen at the expense of 
Robert Haldane. a gentleman whom 
ilirougii hfe h:e always held in the highest 
esteem. His first pastorate was that of 
Coleraine. Ireland, where he remained 
for five years, and where he met and mar- 
ried Miss Eliza Bowden, and where his 
two sons James and John were born. 
These all have long preceded him to the 
other side, but, though dead to the bnsy 
world, they still lived to him, and their 
memory and the hope of meeting them 
again blessed and cheered his declining 
years, and he felt, as the time drew near, 
that leaving loved ones hene for a while 
was only to rejoin his loved ones there. 

For fifteen years he labored as pastor 
of the Baptist Church at the little village 
of Conlig. near Belfast in Ireland, and 
for a short time in Oswaldthistle, Lan- 
cashire. England, after which he emi- 
grated to America, became pastor of the 
Baptist Church at Cascade, Iowa, where 
he remained five years, and then removed 
to Strawberry Point, Iowa. The subse- 
quent years of his activity were spent in 
supplying the pulpit at Strawberry Point, 
and in the pastorate of the little church 
at \^olga City. His declining years were 
largely spent in the homes of his daugh- 
ters, and his death occurred at Dubuque. 
His remains were interred beside those 
of his wife and son John, at Strawberry 
Point, on the 30th day of July. 

Of father's life there are no great 
achievements to record. He was a plain, 
common preacher, and sought to lead his 
fellowmen into the truth, and walk him- 
self with God. He was a man of faith 
and prayer, and he thoroughly believed 
in and acted upon the principles he pro- 
fessed. He felt that simple obedience re- 
quired him to proclaim the Gospel as he 
understood it to "all the world," and 
while this aggressive trait of his charac- 
ter was often the cause of the roughest 
kind of brushing against the opinions of 
others, he was given credit by friends 
and enemies alike, of being an honest 
man. His life work was accomplished 
little by little, here and there, and while 
the memory of him seems to have almost 
passed away with his breath, yet his 
works, with the works of every other 
good man. live on, and it can, we believe, 
truthfully be said of him, "He hath done 
what he could.'' A. B. Brown. 

from fur Ultttl. 


Dear Christian Cynosure : 

In a recent letter, the General Secre- 
tary and Treasurer of the National Chris- 
tian Association said : 

I wish I could help you in your work of 
raising money. If any article written by 
yourself to tliat end would be helpful, if pub- 
lished in The Cynosure, send it along. 

I wish to say to the readers of the 
Cynosure that on the 13th day of Octo- 
ber, 1897, Lima College, of Lima, Ohio, 
was nearly lost to the Lutheran Church 
by a threatened sheriff's sale. This Chris- 
tian institution was begun just before the 
panic, with the above result. On that 
day, after receiving the call to the presi- 
'dency the third time, I assumed the $27,- 
000 debt and have carried it ever since, 
together with many other duties. With- 
out any organic backing I have paid $5 
interest every day, and $5,000 of the prin- 
cipal. Of the balance, $2,200, I have 
now all but $1,400 promised, on the con- 
dition that nothing will be paid till all is 
subscribed. In other words, if I can find 
280 friends who will each on an average 
raise $5 by Thanksgiving Day, we can 
be free of debt that day, and have a grand 
jubilee, giving all the glory to God. Lima 
College stands for the^ highest Christian 
education of both sexes, and will have 
nothing whatever to do with the Christ- 
less works and organizations of dark- 

In this work I trust Jesus alone and 
know that He will give me the victory. 
He will raise up friends for us. I look 
upon the invitation of the General Sec- 
retary as an open door which my Lord 
tells me to enter and find His helpers. 
Should you as a reader of this magazine 
feel inclined to join the volunteers to 
sweep this debt, then please let me know 
soon what you will do. Drop me a card 
with these words : 

With the distinct understanding that 
this obligation will never become due, 
unless all is raised to concel the debt of 
Lima College, I hereby promise to pay 
its President the sum of $ , as soon 

October, 1901. CHRISTIAN OTNOSURB. 1.S5 

as the whole amount is raised by similar Mrs. E. Hinsdale, of Bureau County, 

pledges. Illinois, is another of the "old guard"" 

Xame ^^'^^*^ ^^^^ fallen asleep in Christ. A letter 

jj () just received from her daughter. Miss 

County -^^^^^ E. Hinsdale, says : "My father was 

State ' ^ subscriber and reader of the Cynosure 

]^2ite ^^^ many years before his death. Since 

Thankiiig 'vou ' in ' advance' for ' ' vour his death my motlier has been a sulj- 

<?ood will, I ask von to address said "card ^<="ber, and now that she .s gone I do not 

^ ' S P Lone teal like giving up the Cvnosure. 1 he 

Station P., Box 76s, Coiumbns. Ohio. ""1°^ has known this family by corre- 

. ^ spondence tor many years, and is more 

" encouraged by the above words than 

Rev. Samuel F. Porter writes : "Joe probably any reader of our magazine will 

Smith was a trained Freemason. He i^^. Hi's pleasure is not so much in the 

made use of his Masonic education at f^ct that the daughter renews for the 

Kirtland, and especially Nauvoo, in the Cvnosure as it is in the satisfaction that 

Endowment House. This was governed comes from the knowledge that the prin- 

much like a lodge, and it is so still." ciples of the parents are being maintained 

S. F. Porter. ]^y ^heir child. It has been his sad ex- 
perience, many times repeated, to receive 

Keuka College. X. Y., April 2, 1901. word, "My husband, or my father."* as the 

Wm. I. Phillips : case might be, "was for many years a 

Dear Sir : Thank you for the book and subscriber to your magazine. He is now 

tracts sent me to Springville. X. Y. Xo, dead. Please discontinue. W e have no 

I do not approve of secret societies. The further use for it."' There may be other 

spirit of the gospel is broader than anv reasons than a lack of interest, which jus- 

class distinction. "Honor all men,"' not tify such a course, but frequently the 

a select few. Fraternalism, in its re- fathers take too little pains to secure the 

strictive policy by which alone it sub- perpetuity of their principles in their chil- 

sists, is a misnomer. It frequently shuts dren. 

out the very persons whom vou should 

serve. Very truly, ' Wynne Wood, I. T., Sept. 3. k^i. 

(Rev.) Z. A. Space. Dear Brother in Christ: 

1 I have visited my old home in Texas 

WORK IN THE SOUTH ^"^^ found some rejoicing that the liter- 

■ ature I distributed and the admonition I 

, , ,. . . , gavehadkeptthemoutof the lodge, and 

\\ e are holding camp-meetmgs in the ^^^^^^ members have also withdrawn. 

South. Have worked m six camps, and Yours, still contending for the faith, 

have charge of two at Holland and <; p Proctor. 

Hogue, Arkansas. • 

W^e find the people are in many places Hiawatha. Kan.. Aug. 2g. 1901. 

slaves to tobacco and secret societies. Dear Brother • 

We are doing our best to unearth the j cannot see to read verv closelv the 

evils and God is honoring the work. Tbe ^jj reliable Christian Cvnosure. but I 

people are walking in the light and some ^^^^^^^ j^^,,^, i^ anvwav. I liave just passed 

are giving up their lodges, and many are j^^^. g^^}^ birthday 

giving up tobacco. God is reviving his ^he Presbyterians are building a nice 
work and many are seeking God in the church here.' Thev laid the cc^rner-stone 
good old way. for which we praise God. ^^^^ Tuesday of this week. Thev put a 
\ours m Him, S. W. Shaw. |^^^^ -^^ the' stone, and in this box were 
placed a good many papers, records, etc.' 

Will you kindly announce in Cynosure I put in a copy of the Christian Cynosure, 

that my address is changed from Kings- There was no objection made to this, 

ton, Ont., to 19 Allen avenue. Toronto, God bless the Cynosure. Your old 

(hit. - A.Sims. friend. I. \\'. Mar.i^rave. 



October, 1901. 

V\'aupun, Wis., Aug. 15, 1901. 
Dear Cynosure Friends : 

Have vou read the s:ermon preached 
by T. De'\\'itt Tahnage, D. D., in Wash- 
ington. D. C, July 28, on Secret Socie- 
ties .' It is good to rejoice in God who 
still livf s and holds all the powers of the 
worlds in his hands. God, our God, is a 
God of light and righteousness. In him 
is no darkness at all. His children are 
children of Light, and are followers of 
Jesus, the Light of the world. Thev 
will have no affiliation with darkness that 
covers sin nor with boasting secret so- 
cieties that exclude the name of Jesus 
from their prayers. 

Mrs. Lvdia C. Andrews. 


Hidalgo, Mexico. 
D:ear Brother Phillips: 

I am very thankful for the anti-Ma- 
sonic books which you so kindly sent me. 
I am trying to read them, deeply interest- 
ed in their contents. I believe that thus 
I shall know the wiles of these secret so- 
cieties which have come insinuating 
themselves among our ministers, in the 
bosom of our churches. 

These precious books just received ; al- 
ready I place them in the most promi- 
nent part of my little library, in order 
that the argument in them so masterfully 
presented may serve as a reminder and 
a reproof to friends who visit me — Ma- 
sons and others. I expect to become a 
constant subscriber to your periodical. 
The Christian Cynosure. 

Alay God help you in your good work. 
I further intend, later, to contribute my 
mite in aid of the noble object for which 
you labor. Most cordially, your faithful 
servant and brother, 

(Rev.) Norberto Mercado. 


An nn successful mission may need nothing. 
But every successful mission will have needs 
unto the end. We have a successful mission 
in .Tagdalpur Bastar. Ten years ago there 
Avas neither mission, preacher, nor Christian 
in ail the State of Bastar. In the last four 
years the number of Christians has gone 
up from 11 to above 150. We have a splen- 

did school-chapel through the beneticence of 
the "Christian Herald." Our Sunday School 
numbers over 120. A senior Epworth League 
enrolls over 60, while a Junior Epworth 
League enrolls over 50. Each week there are 
three class meetings and one general prayer 
meeting. There are in connection with the 
church 11 workers of whom 8 are natives of 
India. Work is carried on in 100 villages as 
well as in Jagdalpur Bazar, by preaching in 
the open air, and colporteur work. Nearly 
1,000 portions have been sold in the last 12 
months. A few little helps are needed. 

Some kind friend .may want to help us in 
one particular and not another. A $40 Smith 
organ would do us great service. A $20 or 
$25 bell would help us ring out the gospel 
call through all the towns adjourning us. A 
magic lantern or stereopticon with 100 scrip- 
ture slides will help us attract the heathen to 
hear the gospel by the thousand. 

Friends who want to help us in these re- 
spects and do not know how to do so may 
correspond with Richard Grant, Esq., East 
Orange, N. J., or with me to the address here 
given. (REV.) C. B. WARD, 

M. E. Mission, 
Yellanda, India, 
Nizams Dominions. 

®550 ttuD €ttb0. 


A full-blooded Indian, a Sioux. 
One day met a prominent Jioux, 
Said Lo, "Is it trioux 
That people like yioux, 
By iouxsiouxry thrive— or a floux' 
Philadelphia Press. 

A man brought into the accident hos- 
pital was thought to be dead. His wife 
was with him. One of the doctors said. 
''He's dead," but the man raised his head 
and said, "No, I'm not dead yet ;" where- 
upon his wife admonished him, saying, 
"Be cfuiet, the doctor ought to know 

Mispress — This water 1 a a queer taste. 
Careful Servant (-who has heard much 
scientific conversation) — It's all right, 
mum. There ain't a live germ in it, mum. 
I run it through the sausage cutter. 
—New York Weekly. 

Octob'i-r. ISiOl. 




"John, I would like to invite my friend, 
Mrs. Smalley, this evening. Will you 
be able to be in?" 

"No, my dear; I must attend the meet- 
ing of the Ancient Order of Foresters to- 

"Well, To-morrow evening." 

"1 have the Royal Arcanum, and you 
know •"* 

''What about Wednesday evening?" 

''Oh, the Odd Fellows meet that night ; 
on Thursday evening I have a meeting 
of the Knights of Labor to attend; on 
Friday tht Royal Templars of Temper- 
ance ; on Saturday there's a special meet- 
ing of the Masonic lodge, and I couldn't 
miss that : and then Sunday night — let 
me see — what is there on Sunday night, 
my dear? " 

"The Grand and Ancient Order of 
Christian Fellowship." 

"Why. I had forgotten. Am I a mem- 
ber of that? Let me see " 

"But yo\i had forgotten another so- 
ciety, John, of which you were once a 

"Whafs that?" 

"Your wife's." 

Dr. Theodore L. Cuyler, of New 
York, says he asked an old colored 
preacher some time ago how his church 
was getting on, and his answer was : 
"Mighty poor, mighty poor, brudder." 
We ventured to ask the trouble, and he 
replied, "De cieties, de cieties. Dey is 
just drawin' all the fatness an' marrow 
outen (le bod}' an' bones of de blessed 
Lord's b'uxly. We can't do nuffin' widout 
de ciety. Dar is de Lincum ciety, wid 
Sister Jc^iies an' Brudder Ihovvn to run 
it ; Sister Williams must march in front 
ob de Daughters of Relx'cca. Den dar is 
de Dorcases, de Marthas, de Daughters 
of Ham, an' de Liberian Ladies." "Well, 
you have the brethren to help in the 
church," we suggested. "No, sah, dere 
am de Masons, de Odd-h'ellers, de Sons 
of Ham an' Oklahoma Promis' Land Pil- 
grinis. Wliy, brudder. by de time de 
])rudd'crs an' sisters pays de dues an' 
tends all de meetin's dere is nufftn' left for 
Mount Fisgah Church but jist de cob ; 
■^ de corn has all been shelled off an' frow- 
ed to dese speckled chickens." 

31eni0;iaiier0 mh Beform. 


I was interested in and could feel much 
unity, in the main, with the article in 
the Recorder of eighth month, twenty- 
fourth day, on "History Repeating It- 
self," beli-eving, as does the writer of it, 
that there are many misleading and 
v^'earying substitutes put forth for the 
simple, satisfying Gospel, and that unut- 
terable is the shame of that sort of 
church-and-world amalgamation, which 
would bring the twain in sympathetic 
company upon the theater's stage. 

To the depreciation of those college 
settlements "where the name of Christ 
must not be pronounced, lest the people 
should be frightened away,"I would in- 
clude those secret, oath-bound orders 
which ar:e similarly prohibitory. "The 
continued attendance at the lodge," said 
Pastor M. P. Thing, at a meeting of the 
Alumni Association of the Chicago 
Theological Seminary, "leads the ment- 
ber to substitute some of the generalities 
of good axioms for the saving truths of 
the Bible. The testimony of a certain 
evangelist is: Tn a thousand converts, I 
get not one Mason.' Testimony is also 
frequently given that the first steps Lo 
ruin are taken in the bancjuets and con- 
vivial meetings of the lodge, and it is a 
well-known fact that even when relig- 
ious associations have occasion to expel 
an unworthy member, his lodge asso- 
ciates will defend him, even when his 
guilt is well established. The fact that 
'good men' are in them, no more re- 
deems them than the presence of Lot in 
Sodom was a sign that Sodom was a 
moral city. Too many of the churches 
have fallen under the absolute control of 
these alien influences and everywhere 
the pastor finds them an almost insur- 
mountable hindrance to the success of 
his work." 

As a matter of interesting statistics, 
the Congregational pastor above quoted 
referred to ''one small town in Nebraska 
of 350 inhabitants, where there were two 
churches, both feeble, and thirteen 
lodges. One church member belonged 



October, 1001. 

to five of the societies, and when his dues 
were paid, he had no money for the worlc 
of the church, and attendance at the 
lodge and the exhausting 'work' in the 
lodge room rendered him too weary to 
attend church services on the Sabbath." 
This Nebraska town, with its many 
counter attractions to the places of re- 
ligious worship, is fairly well matched 
by the town of Willington, Ohio, of 
which a resident bears witness : *'Our 
town has 2,500 people, four churches 
and seventeen secret societies. On my 
way to prayer meeting one evening, I 
saw the light in the Masonic hall, and 
further on I saw a light in the Odd Fel- 
lows' and Knights of Pythias' halls. Then 
I saw that the Women's Relief Corps 
was in session, also a theatrical troupe 
was in the opera hall. When I reached 
the church, I found only seven old men 
and forty women at the prayer meeting." 
Nearly in the proportion of six women 
to one man. . Quite likely a number of 
those women were members of temper- 
ance unions, but it may be said in their 
behalf that the regular stated meetings 
of those organizations are always held 
in the afternoons, that they are as open 
as the day, and that therein they set an 
example which, did their brothers and 
husbands seriously emulate, would go far 
toward the arrest of that "abomination 
of desolation standing where it ought 
not," which now so offends, scatters and 
waylays the truth and the work of Gotl 
CT the Lord thy God am a jealous 
God"), and of His faithful followers. 
—Joseph W. Leeds, in The Episcopal Re- 


The now honored pastor of a large and 
growing Western church, related the fol- 
lowing incident to me : "When a student 
I used to preach at C . The princi- 
pal of the high school was interested in 
my success and advised me to apply for 
membership in the Masonic fraternity. 
He assured me that all fees and dues 
would be remitted and that I would be 
elected chaplain and helped in many 
ways. In proof he gave me a brief chap- 
ter in his own experience. 

"There were two applications, he said. 

ahead of mine for the position I hold as 
principal of the school. Both parties 
were worthy and competent, but neither 
belonged to the lodge. I applied, and. 
finding that a majority of the trustees 
were Masons. I appealed to them as 
brother^ and they increased the salary 
and gave me the situation. I ov/e my 
victory over my competitors to Mason- 
ry. If you join the lodge you will get 
help in a great many ways." My inform- 
ant, however, took a diiTerent view of the 
situation, and replied, "Your action 
seems to me extremely selfish and unfair. 
It is not treating a competitor justly, by 
rewarding merit, in deciding the ques- 
tion. You aver that your competitors ap- 
plied first, and that they were competent 
and willing to do the work for a less sum 
than you are receiving. You claim that 
Masonry and not superior qualifications 
gave you the preference, with an in- 
creased salary. The others were as just- 
ly entitled to the place as you are, and as 
you are a young, unmarried man, they 
may have been in greater need than 
yourself, and, besides, the extra amount 
oft'ered by your lodge conferees, being so 
much added to the taxes of the people, is 
nothing better than robbery. The whole 
thing looks selfish, deceitful and un- 
christian. I want nothing to do with 
it." Which was right, and which would 
you trust ? The young teacher who stole 
his situation through brother Masons, or 
the young man who resolved to win his 
way upon personal merit and by assidu- 
ous application ? 

In a town not remote from Boston, an 
enterprising, successful, Christian busi- 
ness young mail, who had preferred the 
associations of home to secret night 
meetings, and the services and fellowship 
of the sanctuary to the conviviality and 
boon companionships of the lodge, was 
tendered $50 for his influence and co-op- 
eration in roping young men into a den 
of darkness from which honest manhood 
is debarred until pledged or sworn "ever 
to conceal and never reveal." This shows 
that even the villains that prowl around 
our homes to capture the young men, set 
a premium on Christian manhood when 
thev can use it as a ]:>ait to "catcii men." 

An artisan thinking to cliange his place 

October, 1901. 



of busin?ess, recently visited a neighbor- 
ing city on a prospecting tour. While 
canvassing the field, he was asked if he 
was connected with the Masons or any 
secret society. Replying in the negative 
he was told that he could not succeed in 
that place without joining at least three 
secret lodges. How much better is lodge- 
ridden New England than priest-ridden 
Mexico? And how long before we shall 
reach the point, where, "no man may 
l3uy or sell who has not the mark of the 
beast in his right hand or forehead," if 
lodges continue to multiply? 


When at Northfield last month, I ap- 
proached a man seated at a table, hand- 
ing him a tract. He proved to be both a 
preacher and a Mason. The question of 
lodge favoritism was soon under consid- 
eration. Directly opposite sat another 
minister who had at one time been a Ma- 
son of high degree. Participating in the 
discussion, he remarked, "I am going to 
make a statement, which, if Brother 
Stoddard, who has never been a Mason, 
should make, you would deny, but I 
speak as a Mason of long standing and 
many degrees and you know it is true. 
If two men should apply for a situation 
which it was in your power to give, either 
manual labor, as a teacher or as a pastor 
of a church, and one was a Mason and 
the other was not, it would be your duty 
as a Mason to give the situation to your 
brother, even though his qualifications 
were inferior to the other man's. This is 
the law and common practice among all 
the lodges." And why not ? "The world 
will love his own," and the devil would be 
a very poor general if he didn't block out 
or knock out the other fellows, and put 
his willing and obedient helpers into fat 
—Home Light. 


'T tell you, the drink habit, the opium 
habit, and the cigarette habit can all be 
stopped. It's nonsense to say they can't. 
Look at that boy wdio smoked $5 worth 
of cigarettes every week." 

"Did he stop." 

"Yes. He's dead." 
—Cleveland Plain Dealer. 

Tlic l''ivoiiias<jn cnnu' <I()wii like a pencock ho 


And displayed his re.iiJilia all ^ilitterina- with 

And diamonds. an<l rnbies. and emeralds, and 

To show that the hard times don't troulde 

him much, * 

And his apron and gloves were" as white as 

the snow, 
And his banner and feathers with light all 

With his sword and its trap[)ings bejeweled 

and bright. 
To show that he always is ready for fight. 
He proclaimed: '*! am ancient, benevolent. 

And you better believe it or I'll black your 

eyea : 
Or something will happen. I can't tell you 

Just what it Avill l»e, or just when, or just 

how : 
Then ask us no questions, and don't make a 

If you do you will surely have trouble Avith 

Don't you see that we gather high up in the 

Don't you wish you could know what A^e are 

doing up there? 
AVell. that's just what .you cannot unless 

you're all rite 
And have money to pay pretty well for the 

No fool and no woman, nor crippled nor old 
Can get into our ancient, benevolent fold. 
Can't you see that we rule in the church and 

the State? 
That our dictum prevails like the dictum of 


That our Presidents. Governors, officers, all 

Must first pass the muster of our mvstir 

That the courts and the pulpits and the press 

we control, 
Xot influence merely, we govern the whole. 
But then the dear Oddfellows must have a 

They help us a heap, we help them some. 

that's fair: 

And between us we need all the salai-ies and 

And we learn how to use all the })idleys and 

If it wasn't for this, as you must be aware. 
We could 'meet on the level and part on the 



AVitb our mothers and sister, our daughters 

and wives, 
And impart our great wisdom to brighten 

their lives. 
We could meet in the daytime and not in 

the night. 
And not need to climb up to a dangerous 

Could dispense with the tyler and sword at 

the door 
To keep out the women, the cripples and 

Could dispense with our gew-gaws and tem- 
ples so fine. 
With our schooners of brandy and car-loads 

of wine. 
With our late oyster suppers which are, on 

the whole. 
Very bad for the stomach and worse for the 

But these all are expensive; somebody must 

And you cannot complain if we do as we 

And we've told you so often just what we're 

That it isn't our fault if you can't find it 

If we gobble the government, finances too. 
Surely that is the thing that is kindest for 

If we herd you and vote you like beasts in a 

Sure the wisest and best ought to dominate 

And if you elect us, how can you complain 
If the officers chosen, some favors obtain? 
And if our dear brothers fare better than 

Isn't that what we've told we wanted to do?" 
— Wm. Adams. 


The Shriuers of Syrian Temple, A. A. O, N, 
M. S.. Cincinnati. Ohio, held a ceremonial the 
evening of March 30. Report says the pro- 
gram was good and thoroughly enjoyable and 
was interpolated with musical numbers by 
the Syrian orchestra, which was considered 
the hit of the evening. Noble Samuel Moyer 
was chairman of the committee in charge. 
At a late hour Col. James Fennessy was in- 
troduced, with the announcement that he 
Avould make a recitation, but he got out by 
introducing Bob Fitzsimmons, whom he had 
picked up on the way. Bob's visit was one 
of the surprises, but he was royally Avel- 
comed. As no one could be found willing to 
put up a pugilistic argument, the lanky gen- 
tleman mixed with the Shriners in a social 
wav.— Masonic Chronicle. 

The study on the Katipunati of the 
PhiHppines, in this number, may be profit- 
ably used in a prayer meeting for foreign 
missions or for the general advancement 
of righteottsness. Divided into parts, one 
speaking of its organization, another of 
its oath and others of difYerent develop- 
ments imder its influence, it may become 
helpful to all participating. 

"The Freemason, of London, England^ 
opposes all coercive af^liation legislation. 
It insists that as candidates come of their 
own free will and accord, they should be 
permitted so to go, their annual dues be- 
ing paid. It characterizes the recent 
resolution of the Grand Lodge of Idaha 
against non-afThliates as monstrous. It 
makes Idaho say : 'True, you joined us 
freely, but once a subscribing member 
of a lodge always a subscribing member.. 
We need your subscriptions, and unless 
you rejoin — assuming that vou are what 
is called a Mason "in good standing'' — 
we shall expel you from the Order.' We 
think such legislation, if known to those 
who are not Alasons, is sure to create an 
unfavorable impression of the Institution 
and thus do more harm than good." 
—Voice of Masonry, February, 1898. 

This is one of the cases of lodge dis- 
agreement, unseen from outside. There 
are many things besides such legislation 
that '4 known would "create an unfavor- 
able impression." which, itself, might do,, 
instead of "more harm than good." more 
good than harm. 


True worth is. in being, not seemJLiig— 
In doing each day that goes by 

Some little good— not in dreaming 
Of great things to do by-andby. 

For whatever men say in their blindness. 
And spite of the fancies of youth. 

There's nothing so kingly as kindness, . 
And nothing so royal as truth. 

-Alice Cary, 


Down through the snow-drifts in xhe street: 

With blustering joy he steers; 
His rubber boots are full of feet 

And his tippet full of ears. 
—Eugene Field, 


0<.tol»er, 19»>1. 



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I Secret Oaths I 


JOSEPH COOK, Boston. | 

4»^ '^¥ 


4. ^ 

Jkw "If. at this hour, it seems somewhat dangerous to a man's popularity and influ- M^ 

^\^ ence to oppose the system of lodges or disloyal oaths; if I, for instance, run con- M'^ 


&^ siderable risk in uttering myself candidly to-night on this topic, what will be the ^^ 

«^if risk if we allow the deadly upas tree to grow until it has attained its full height? ^^ 

^!» In the present combination of forces and politics, so much force and power can ^'^ 

9^ be exercised by secret combinations that almost no politician dare oppose them. - ^'T 

^1* What may be the power exercised by them ultimately in a population compared 7' 

•^•^ ' with which our present masses altogether on this continent are a mere sprink- r 

%^ ling? If it is "already impossible for a ay one to speak out on this topic without ^^ 

^^ being shot at, or shot into by the arrow of slander in ambush, then it is high % 

^^ time to draw out the fire of the enemy and know where we are." "^ 

4» t 

«|tf No better document of its size for general distribution has been printed. ^^ 

^ Joseph Cook's address is a national treatment of a national subject, and M^ 

• yery valuable for reference. ^^ 
^ Single copy, 5 cents. Ten copies, 25 cents, postpaid. ^ 
J Cash must accompany all orders. ^ 

V Address— ^ 



4* ^^ 

4^ 22 I West Madison street, ^f 



"" /In SP0TLE55 Fields, 
High in The Regiohs 

«^0F THE <^~>^ 

Polar Might, 
Thou 5erv'6t *• 

The Tongue ^- 
of Fame. 

The history of persecution is a history 
ot endeavor to cheat nature, to make water 
run up hill, to twist a rope of sand. It 
makes no difference whether the actors be 
many or one, a tyrant or a mob. A mob is 
a society of bodies voluntarily descending 
to the nature ot the beast. Its fit hour of 
activity is night. Its actions ^e insane, like 
its whole constitution. It persecutes a prin- 
ciple; it would whip a- right; it would tar 
and leather justice by inflicting fire and out- 
rage upon the houses of tho.e who have 
these. It resembles the pranks oi boys, who 
run with fire engines to put out the ruddy 
aurora streaming to the stars. The martyr 
cannot be dishonored. Every lash inflicted 
is a tongue of fame; every prison a more 
illustrious abode ; every burned book or 
house enlightens the world; every suppn ssed 
or expunged word reverberates through the 
earth from side to side. The minds ot men 
are at last aroused ; reason looks out and jus- 
tifies her own, and malice finds all her work 
in ruin. It is the whipper who is whipped 
and the tyrant who is undone." — Emerson. 


Keys of tlie City .,. .198 

The Inconsistent Not Wanted 193 

Ignorance 198 

Sececlers' Testimony: Rev. E. G. Welles- 
ley-Wesley 194 

Kansas Masonic Correspondence 199 

Reply to Dr. Foster 200 

Son Impeaches His Father's Veracity.-. . .200 

Address: By Rev. J. R. Wylie 201 

God's Method 208 

Wherein Masonry Is anti-Christian 204 

Czolgosz's Trial 204 

Is Life Insurance Inconsistent with Scrip- 
tural Teachings? 205 

Life Insurance and Scripture .206 

Cobble-stone Foundation 206 

Fraternal Insurance 207 

Woodmen of the World 208 

A Typical Knights Templar 20S 

How Lodges Succeed 208 

Our President at Viola 209 

A New Book 209 

The Nebraska* Joint Debate 210 

On an Ohio Train .211 

Mattoon Baptist Association. 213 

National CongTegational Council 218- 

The Craft in the "Strip" 214 

Table Talk 215 

Two-fold Proficiency Essential 216 

Horse-play 21T 

Talk but Keep Still 217 

The Freemason's Seven Bibles 21T 

• Obituary: Mrs. Letitia Faurot 218 

Masonic Funeral Services. ; 220 

Prayer Meeting and the Lodge 221 




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Comprehensive and 
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ted States as a Na- 
tional Family News- 
paper of the highest 
class, for farmers and 
villagers. It contains 
all the most important 
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to hour of going to 
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Sent; all orders to THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, Chicago, Ills. 

'Jesus answered hiai, — I spake (^nly to the world; aud in secret have 1 said nothing." John 18:30. 




The Christian Cynosure, 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 



221 West Madison St., Chicas^o. 

Entered at the Postofflce, Chicago, 111., as second 
class matter. 


The Friend and Guide, reporting the 
hrst State convention of the E. F. U., 
which was held at Fond du Lac, Wiscon- 
sin, says: "In the absence of the Mayor, 
City Attorney Ecke made a brief and wit- 
ty address of welcome, tendering the diel- 
egates 'the keys of the city,' and stating 
that the police would be indulgent to 
such of the distinguished visitors as 
might be unable to 'find the keyhole.' 

Such visitors would surely need a 
"Friend and Guide," but might be sus- 
pected of having found a false one in the 
membership of the E. F. U. 

The city attorney may have made a 
"witty" address, yet the sample lacks fla- 
vor when one remembers that he repre- 
sented law, and spoke in place of the 
mayor. Wit is like salt that has lost its 
savor when it lacks appropriateness and 
good taste. 


The Grand Master of Kentucky hxut, 
ruled as follows : "The religious belief erf 
a candidate for Masonry is nx>t a subject 
for inquiry, touching his fitness to be- 
come a Mason." It is a well-known fact 
that some sects have a hatred for Mason- 
ry. It is, therefore, well' to know wheth- 

er a man is doing violence to his pro- 
fessed religion, or not, when he seeks to 
join a lodge. He cannot serve two mas^ 
ters. He cannot be a good and true Ma- 
son and a good and true churchman, if 
his church denounces Alasonry. There 
ma.y be bad results to the lodge. The man 
cannot be true to the church that forbids 
him to join a Masonic lodge, and true also 
to that Masonic lodge. 
—-New York Dispatch. 


A large number of the members of fraternal 
organizations are grossly ignorant of what is 
going on in the order in which they hold 
membership. They may regularly attend the 
conventions of the lodge and be conversant 
with what is being done therein, but of the 
transactions of the order throughout its juris- 
diction they know exceedingly-little. A few 
read a fraternal paper published in the in- 
terest of the order and know somewhat of 
what is being done; but it is of the mass we 
speak— they read not, they know not, and can 
tell but little of what the order is and is do- 
ing. The Christian reads his Bible; the Mo- 
hammedan reads his Khoran, the Hindoo 
reads his Veda, but the members of the great 
orders read nothing connected therewith and 
can give no "reason for the faith that is with- 
in them." This should not be so. Every 
member should be interested in his order to 
the extent of reading some of its literature, 
and this is furnished him so cheap nowadays 
that he cannot afford to be without it. Broth- 
er, subscribe for some good paper of the order 
-and read it and be posted.— Masonic Chroni- 
cle, May, 1901. 

WHicre ignorance is bliss 'tis folly to be 

Timid Lady — x\re people ever lost in 
this river? 

Boatman — Xo, ma'am, we always find 
them in a day or two. 



November, 1901. 

ttthm' feiiiitome0. 


Abstract of an address delivered at the annual 
meetiiiiz of the New England Christian Association, 
held in Park Street Church. "Boston, Mass., Decemder 19, 
IPOO. by Kev. E G. Wellesley-AYesley, pastor Park 
Street Free Baptist Church, Prov.dence, R. I. 

Mr. W' sley was at one time an active supporter and 
zealous defender of ieven different lodges. 

]\Ir. President and Friends. 

A few words seem called for by way 
of introduction. It is thirty-two years 
since I joined the first secret society, six 
years since I joined the last of seven, and 
three years since, as the result of a mighty 
spiritual conviction which came to me at 
Northfield, Mass., in 1897, I left them all. 
Nothing less than such a spiritual con- 
viction would ever have had power to 
force me out. I believe there are thou- 
sands of professing Christians who will 
never be called out in any other way ; it 
is to such I would especially speak. 

Some weeks since I purchased a book 
written by a well known Boston pastor. 
In one part of this book the author pro- 
fesses to name the chief dangers threaten- 
ing the church. To my great surprise I 
found not one word with regard to the 
lodge system. As every pastor of expe- 
rience ought to know that secret societies 
rob the church of much time, effort, 
thought, wealth and interest I could not 
help asking : Why is it that this eloquent 
and cultured man says nothing about this 
danger? My question is answered when 
I learn that this pastor is a well known 
and most popular secret society man. The 
conclusion is inevitable — the lodge binds, 
gags, deafens, deceives and fetters all who 
belong to it. 

A Personal Experience. 

During the first six or seven years of 
my present pastorate I was frequently 
asked to speak to different secret orders, 
both in my church and elsewhere. This 
I was willing to do under the erroneous 
idea that I might thus induce some of the 
members to attend my church. It took 
some years to teach the truth, that these 
orders asked an address simply and only 
to advertise themselves. In every case I 
never failed to receive a cordial vote of 
thanks. At length I resolved to try an 
experiment. It was twice tried and with 
the same results. The experiment was 

this : On two occasions in succession I 
preached a Gospel sermon, with no lodge 
advertising of any kind, to lodges which 
visited my church. The consequence was 
much dissatisfaction and no vote of 
thanks. * * * Though not, at 
that time, in any sense opposed to the 
lodge system my eyes were widely opened 
and I was able to see that the church of 
Christ was prostituted whenever a pastor 
turned aside from the Gospel of Christ 
to the advertising of a lodge. 

Lodge Members as ChurcJi Memberg. 

During over thirty years in the min* 
istry, both in the United States and in 
foreign countries, my experience has been 
this with regard to secret society mem- 
bers and the church : The great majority 
of lodge members will frequently desert 
the weekly meeting for their lodge, espe- 
cially on evenings of importance, such as 
reception to grand officers, installations, 
etc. I have also found that the most 
, faithful lodge members are, usually, the 
poorest church members. Indeed, my 
experience has never yet introduced me 
to a good lodge man who was also a man 
of any depth of spiritual life. There may 
be exceptions, but I have yet, whether in 
my own experience or that of other pas^- 
tors with whom I have spoken on this 
subject, to find or to hear of one Chris- 
tian of any real spiritual knowledge and 
depth who is a faithful attendant on his 
lodge. The exceptions, should there be 
any, will be found among those who have 
never given the subject much thought. 

Without further introduction let us 
now consider some of the foundations 
upon which the whole system seems to be 

Love of Display, 

Most men and women, whether ne- 
groes of Central Africa, or citizens of 
classic Boston, like more -or less show, 
pomp, adornment, outside distinction. 
Uniforms, medals, decorations, gaudy 
scarfs, regalias, etc., undoubtedly attract 
hundreds into secret orders who, but for 
these would never think of joining. If this 
statement is questioned why is the ''uni- 
formed rank,'' in some shape or another, 
so generally adopted by the most popular 
organizations? And yet, if any sensible 
man will give five minutes' thought to all 
this trumpery how childish will it ap- 

November, 1901. 



Ambition and Love of Titles. 

Whether we are imperialists or anti-im- 
perialists there are very few of us who 
do not like just a little honor, all the 
better if the little lifts us just a little above 
our fellows. We may not be conscious 
of this weakness, yet it is hidden in the 
hearts of most of us. It will not be diffi- 
cult to find, even among clergymen and 
other professional men, those who bear 
many titles, giving nominal right to place 
various letters after the name, to which 
titles the bearers have no real claim. The 
same desire to be distinguished above 
their fellows prevails elsewhere. This 
childishness in seeking to possess some 
empty but hugely named bauble in the 
shape of a title (the very name of which 
is an insult to the most ordinary intelli- 
gence) is, without doubt, one of the foun- 
dations upon which the lodge stands, and 
this, in spite of the fact that nothing can 
be well imagined more absurd than the 
immense majority of the lodge titles so 
jealously guarded and so rigorously in- 
sisted upon. It seems to me that every 
intelligent man and woman ought to re- 
gard such titles as the very height of pea- 
cock vanity and foolishness. W^ithout 
question all such meaningless titles are 
utterly opposed to the spirit of Christian- 
ity as well as the foundation principles of 
republican institutions. 


To a pure, manly, womanly heart and 
mind the extravagant display of lodge 
emblems so often seen is and must be dis- 
gusting as well as childish, a mark of 
bondage rather than of honor. The wear- 
ing of such emblems was ever, to the 
writer, even when most in favor of secret 
societies, repulsive. No honest man will 
ever seek advancement except on the 
ground of actual merit. To seek or to 
expect preference only on the ground 
of lodge membership is unmanly and dis- 
honorable. We should pause to see how 
far this unmanliness and dishonor have 
gone. How it may be in Boston I do not 
know, but, if I am rightly informed, to 
secure very much of a position in your 
city government's employ it is almost es- 
sential that one should belong to the 
Knights of Columbus or some kindred or- 
ganization. How it is in my own city, 
Providence, I do know, and with us it 
is well nigh impossible to obtain a posi- 

tion worth having unless one belongs to 
the Masons, the Oddfellows, the Pythi- 
ans or some secret order having the req- 
uisite pull. Investigation will, I believe, 
show this to be generally true. To say 
the least it is very strange that ail the 
"worthy and well qualified" to draw a 
salary from the cities of our land are found 
among the members of secret orders. The 
fact is this : . Ninety-five per cent of the 
average class of lodge members join the 
lodge for what they can get" out of it in 
the way of what should be esteemed dis- 
honest preferment. Were it not that peo- 
ple expect to receive favors on the ground 
of some secret brotherhood, not on the 
ground of merit, the number of initiations 
would drop to much below the average. 
All such lodge membership is unmitigat- 
ed selfishness, dishonesty and underhand- 

A Substitute for Religion. 

This is true in thousands of cases — an 
unbeliever will use his lodge membership 
as an excuse for not becoming a Chris- 
tian. This is frequently done. It is also 
true that thousands, because of ignor- 
ance or obstinacy, will and do find in their 
lodge membership, through the deception 
of Satan and sin, a deafness and blind- 
ness which prevents them from seeing 
their need of Christ. It is true that thou- 
sands will turn from the Christian religion 
with the remark, "Well, if I live up to 
what my lodge teaches I'll be willing to 
risk things with any Christian I know." 
These forget the fact that Christless mo- 
rality is worthless as a means of salvation. 
It is also true that the burial ritual of 
every secret order teaches a lie in this : it 
teaches that all its members will meet 
in a future life and thus lays the founda* 
tion for false hopes. It is also true that 
every secret order which attempts to 
teach salvation through a morality which 
does not rely upon Jesus Christ is a de- 
ceiver and a liar before God and man. 
It is also true that many will seek to 
satisfy themselves with the husks of a 
moral life which they, themselves, do not 
live even though they know what thev 
eat is husks, this and nothing more. Ip 
these ways all secret orders ofifer a sub- 
stitute for Christianity whether the ma- 
jority of their membership believes in the 
teaching or not. 



November, 1901. 

Love of Secrecy, 

\\>11 do I remember some years ago, 
while being initiated into a certain politi- 
cal order, as I walked forward to the altar 
with a companion, he whispered to me 
''Que tonteria es todo esto." ''What fool- 
ishness is aU this," to which with a shrug 
I responded, "Usted dice la verdad, amigo 
mio." "You tell the truth, my friend." 
Yet in spite of the "foolishness" we went 
through the long, tedious and senseless 
ceremony chiefly in order to possess some 
signs of secret recognition and to work 
in secret for the attainment of objects in 
themselves most worthy. Secrecy cov- 
ered the foolishness with what we flat- 
tered ourselves was pure gold. Without 
question the minds of most of us are 
flattered by thinking we know what some 
one .else is not supposed to know. We 
are proud to possess signs, grips, tokens, 
pass-words, a cabalistic language, cipher 
methods of writing, etc., which are known 
only to the initiated. That secrecy is one 
of the foundations of secret orders is a 
fact which no one can deny. It is a poor 
foundation on which to build a house 
"eternal in the heavens." The many se- 
cret, benevolent and insurance orders 
would not secure half their membership 
were it not for the secrecy which sur- 
rounds them, 

Back-I9oor Influence. 

Personally I much question whether the 
average member of most secret societies 
would attempt to screen a fellow member 
(all oaths, etc., to the contrary) if the 
member in question was thought to be 
guilty of crime. Tens of thousands of 
lodge members would take this stand. 
But, the chief danger is to be looked for 
deeper down than a desire or intention to 
shield the guilty; * =^ * the fact an 
accused man belongs to one's fraternal 
brotherhood is very likely to exert a most 
powerful influence upon the mind in favor 
of the accused not being guilty. It is 
here the danger lies. On the other hand 
that there are tens of thousands who are 
secret lodge members with ideas of jus- 
tice far below par who would, if they 
could, acquit one of their number in any 
possible case if this could be done, is not 
to be questioned for a moment. Espe- 
cially is this true in all truly political or- 
ders which are organized for this very 

There is, however, another aspect of 
this question far more real than the one 
just considered. What I -refer to is the 
universally prevailing idea (and intention) 
that membership in a secret order gives a 
member prior right to my influence apart 
from his actual merit and fitness for the 
place. Lodge membership can give 
neither character nor fitness. These are 
the only qualifications. The position that 
membership in an order, apart from quali- 
fication, places the least obligation upon 
a fellow member to help another member 
to a position is utterly indefensible, glar- 
ingly unjust, and to be under all circum- 
stances most strongly condemned. Just 
as soon as any man seeks to gain any ad- 
vantage over a fellow man on, the sole 
ground of membership in the same order 
he commits a crime against all true ethics, 
* * '^ against God who made the law 
and against man who suffers through his 
unfairness and selfishness and injustice. 

To argue, as most do : "Our lodge is a 
family which each member is bound to 
protect," is absurd ; the family is of God, 
the lodge is not of God. Neither can 
the plea be advanced : "As we more 
readily help our friends so do we our fel- 
low members," this is no less absurd ; a 
member of our order in Calcutta is no 
more "our friend" than would be any 
other native of Calcutta who is a "fellow 
man." It should ever be remembered that 
no lodge mem.bership is or can be any 
certificate of character or of qualification. 


As a general thing very few who con- 
nect themselves with secret orders ever 
think of bringing their intended act be- 
fore the bar of "IS IT RIGHT?" My 
experience abundantly shows that not lo 
per cent ever asked any such question. 
That a man may say, that many do say, 
before joining a secret order, "there's no 
harm in it that I am able to see," I ad- 
mit, but between saying this, yes, and be- 
lieving this, and coming to this conclusion 
as the result of serious thought there lies 
an immense chasm which few face before 
they plunge into it. If honest and God- 
fearing men and women would do a little 
more thinking for themselves before join- 
ing, the many would not join. Intended 
victims are not expected to think along 
this line. Many and many a professed. 
Christian pays out much more to his 

November, 1901. 



lodge than he does to the cause of that 
Blessed One who purchased him with 
His own blood. Many and many a pro- 
fessed believer in Christ spends much 
more time in lodge business (especially so 
if a State or national officer) than he 
thinks of giving to the church. How many 
think of all this before they join? How 
many think of the indecent jokes, the 
vulgar songs, the spicy anecdotes, the 
amount of questionable conversation they 
will have to hear during recess and inter- 
mission? How many think of the asso- 
ciations into which lodge membership 
will bring them? My first watching, as 
a lodge member, was by the side of a 
liquor dealer dying of delirium tremens 
(this was right), but when I was asked to 
attend his funeral and listen to the re- 
ligious (?) services of the lodge ritual 
over such a man in which the chaplain 
expressed the hope of ''meeting our dear 
brother in the Holy Temple above," this 
I refused to have anything to do with. 
On another occasion the order of which 
I was a member voted to admit one of 
the most disreputable men in the city 
to membership ; from that hour I with- 
drew from the order. No matter what 
may be the character of the member, 
every other member must hail and greet 
him as a ''brother," "Sir Knight," "Com- 
rade," etc. * * * How many think 
of these things? 

The Good Times Promised. 

With but few exceptions I have never 
known of anything but immoral influ- 
ences in orders from which the wife, the 
daughter, the sister, the woman friend of 
the member is excluded. Very seldom is 
it possible to 'attend many such lodge 
meetings without seeing and hearing 
something to ofifend a morally decent and 
clean thinking man. The "good times" 
enjoyed in an order which shall be name- 
less sometimes degenerate into what are 
little better than drunken carousals fol- 
lowed by "good times" which frequeiitly 
sink into deeper abomination, especially 
when there has been a long travel over 
the parched deserts. Too often the "good 
times" from which the ladies are excluded 
by their husbands and brothers consist of 
conversation, jokes, stories, songs, etc., 
which no decent man can listen to with- 
out disgust (until used to them, then he 
has ceased to be decent) and from which 

he would most zealously exclude every 
lady for whom he had the least respect. 
In over a quarter of a century's connec- 
tion with secret orders I have never seen 
a single "good time" which was due to 
the lodge in any possible way. 

The Pecuniary Benefits. 

We have now reached the only pre- 
tence to a "rock foundation" for the ex- 
istence of secret orders. Careful exam- 
ination will show this seeming rock to 
be made of moistened sand, incapable of 
bearing the weight of the investigation. 
The pecuniary benefits arising from even 
these orders which make insurance, etc., 
a specialty, are largely fictitious. 

It is to be borne in mind that pecuniary 
benefits do not belong to all secret orders. 
Some are not benevolent in their aims. 
Some never vote money for the support 
of the widowed and orphaned unless ask- 
ed to do so. It is also to be borne in 
mind, as is evidenced by the within his- 
tory of many insurance orders as well as 
by constantly occurring trials in our 
courts, that most benefit orders will read- 
ily avail themselves of any possible techni- 
cality or loophole by which to escape pay- 
ment. Times without number does it 
happen that those who most need assist- 
ance are left to struggle without it. I 
refer to the hundreds of persons, once 
members of an order, who through pov- 
erty, sickness, hard times, neglect or some 
other almost unavoidable cause have been 
compelled to fall behind in dues. Death 
has come to the wage-earner and the hun- 
dreds of dollars paid in and so hardly 
spared, have been sunk beyond sight or 
recovery. The fact of the matter is this : 
The wealthier members who least need 
pecuniary help, being able to keep up 
their payments, receive benefits while the 
poorer, unable to keep up their dues, 
receive nothing and lose all which has 
been put in. The history of numbers of 
"Mutual Benefit Orders" has been a his- 
tory of thousands of dollars paid out by 
the older members and not one dollar ever 
received, for example : the Iron Hall, 
Chosen Friends. United Friends and 
many more. What has happened to many 
must sooner or later happen to all. 

It is also to be remembered that these 
most benevolent orders, at the beginning 
of their most unselfish benevolence care- 
fully exclude all who are likely to need 



November, 1901. 

help. The very ones most in need are 
shut out and the ones least expected to 
need help are ''taken in.'' 

It may not be forgotten that a very 
large percentage of the moneys received 
is expended, of course,, for the ''good of 
the order" in the salaries of paid ofh- 
cials, office rents, banquets to the su- 
preme oihcers,, railroad fares, hotel bills, 
etc. Could somie of the lower grade mem- 
bers see the luxurious ''bills of fare" 
placed before these self-sacrificing offi- 
cials at such banquets their faith in be- 
nevolent orders would be tremendously 

All these facts help to exhaust the treas- 
ury, making constantly increasing assess- 
ments necessary and contributing evi- 
dence upon evidence to show the fiction 
of much of this benevolence. Turn now 
from these few "holes in the lodge pocket- 
book"' through which so much money 
passes, to the actual profit and loss ac- 
count of the individual member and it 
will be at once seen that lodge benevo- 
lence, at best, is little better than a hum- 
bug. Let any man who has been a mem- 
ber of a secret benevolent order for 25 
years (few are as long lived) add up all 
he has paid for amusement, dues, chip- 
pings in, spreads, excursions, special col- 
lections, railroad and other expenses and 
he v\-ill find he has been paying a very 
large price for ''"'his whistle." It is also 
to be remembered that there is not the 
least need for secrecy in any benevolent 
order. All the advantages claimed for 
so-called benevolent orders, possible and 
im.possible, could be provided just as well 
without the secrecy as with it. It is not 
the insurance I oppose, but the unneces- 
sary secrecy and nonsense connected with 
the whole thing. 

Fraternal Benefits. 

Were it true that every member of fra- 
ternal orders was worthy of help as the 
average man or woman — were it true that 
any possible initiatory ceremony could 
better qualify a man to expect help or to 
merit it — were it true that ability to prove 
one's self in "good and regular standing" 
Vv-as proof positive of actual membership 
— were it true that this claimed fraternity 
actually existed there might be something 
to be said in favor of secret orders. But 
as matters stand, none of these supposed 
facts are true. 

I^Iany years ago I landed in New York 
from a far distant southern land. The 
morning I landed I knew but one per- 
son in the United States and he in Illi- 
nois ; within a few hours I found a num- 
ber of good friends who received me into 
their families and into their homes. No 
mystic grip, no password, no token of 
any secret brotherhood was asked or giv- 
en. The brotherhood of Jesus Christ, this 
only, was the tie which introduced me to 

It believe it is very much easier to sham 
membership (unless in the higher de- 
grees, taken one or few at a time) in a 
secret order than to very long sustain the 
appearance of Christian life. Ability to 
prove one's self a member is no guarantee, 
nowadays, of one's ever having been in- 
itiated. \'ery few members are posted 
in the lodge work. I have, myself, visited 
lodges, been examined and rejected by 
the lodge officials (because they did not 
know the unwritten work of the order as 
well as I didj, and, at the same time been 
'examined by members of higher rank 
who happened to be present and more 
than welcomed as befitted my rank, after 
they reported me. In these cases the 
trouble was ignorance. In other cases 
I have been admitted into lodges with no 
examination whatever, simply my own 
word. In the first case ignorance denied 
me the privileges of fraternity to which 
I was entitled ; in those of the second case 
anyone who had glanced over any of the 
so-called manuals could have passed in 
without question. 3,Iembership in the se- 
cret lodge (of course there are exceptions 
but not more than in the case of the ex- 
posure of frauds in religious life) does not 
prevent imposture ; the many manuals 
published will post anyone sufficiently to 
enable him to enter almost any ordinary 


The statement will be made by some : 
"1 am a Christian, perhaps a minister of 
the Gospel, yet I have never seen any 
harm in the secret orders of vrhich I am a 
member." Will you, my dear brother or 
sister in Christ, bear with m^e as I sug- 
gest the possible reason ? You have never 
made that complete surrender which 
makes it possible for the Holy One to 
reveal his will. ■ But you reply : 'T am , 

sure I have, as far as I know, surrendered M 

Xoveniber, 1901. 



word: It jou do not 
i-ing to secret soc: 
:he recognitian : 
which you are :: i- - 
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ust be made if y : 
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:_--_. : ccogniti : : 
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rience, and here only, i: 
swers to many qiies:: 
scores of prac:':r5 ::: 

wiM r:: 

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come out of s 

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cTeiation for the sake of all the 

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another Ic: 

those stup:^ ^:;;:-c:: ; . : .:_: ^ 
I thought just as you do. I was as y : 
are. I Vas as much opp*:- ' : ::-s; 

cret society men and wc z z e • 

them could teU how courteokis^v ^ : I '7.7 
receired them in days gone past" ai 1 
«anT who read :::ese tirei. ?:r rziz 

was askecL 


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November, 1901. 



Xorthwood, Iowa, Oct. 4, 1901. 
Editor Cynosure : 

I have no desire to enter into any dis- 
pute with any of your correspondents, 
but the October number of Cynosure 
contains some statements that I cannot 
endorse, and I ask for a few Hnes to make 

In the article of Rev. J. M. Foster we 
read : "We must incorporate Christian 
instruction in our pubHc school system." 
This statement is just as unbiblical as it 
is un-American. 

Church and state are two distinct 
kingdoms, and must not in any way be 
mixed together. The church takes care 
of my spiritual welfare, and the state 
takes care of my temporal welfare. The 
church is guided by the word of God, 
while the state is guided by reason. 

It is wrong w^hen the church tries to 
meddle with the affairs of the state, and 
it is also wrong when the state tries to 
meddle with the affairs of the church. 

''Render therefore unto Caesar the 
things which are Caesar's ; and unto God 
the things that are God's," is the divine 

Incorporating Christian instruction in 
the public school would be to mix up 
two institutions which God wants to be 

We are grateful to the fathers of this 
republic that they wisely left out relig- 
ious instruction in the public school. It 
is the only way in which the public school 
system could be carried out. Christian 
instruction incorporated in the public 
school would bring confusion immediate- 
ly. Every denomination would demand 
that their creed and confession be taught. 
The Catholic would not want anything 
else but Catholic doctrine propagated. 
The Lutherans would demand that their 
faith be recognized. And so on. Every 
denomination would demand recogni- 
tion. Some one might say : Let the ma- 
jority take charge of the religious in- 
struction. This would be the Catholic 
Church. This church would gladly take 
charge of all the public schools in the 

land. But Protestants would not send 
their children to such a school. It is evi- 
dent that it is impossible to incorporate 
Christian instruction in the public school. 

But it is possible for the church of God 
to take hold of this matter, and educate 
the young people in the fear of the Lord. 
In order to do this, the church ought not 
to be satisfied with Sunday schools, but 
the church ought to estabhsh parochial 
schools where the children could be 
taught "that right is right because God 
commands it and that wrong is wrong 
because God forbids it." This is done by 
many of the Lutheran congregations. 
Religious and Christian instruction is in- 
corporated in the school nine or ten 
months of the year, and it works like a 

Let the public school belong to the 
state without any religion, but let the 
church conduct the religious schools. 
This is biblical and American. 

O. T. Lee. 


A recent issue of the Tyler contains a 
creditable statement of the murder of 
Capt. William Morgan in 1826, written 
by William L. Stone of Mt. Vernon. Most 
of the statements in this article can read- 
ily be substantiated, but the writer has 
fallen into one important error. When 
he says, 'Tt would be in the highest de- 
gree unfair to ascribe to the Masonic fra- 
ternity, as a body, any complicity in this 
deed," etc., he departs from the truth as 
it was thoroughly established by a most 
thorough investigation by his honored 
father and published in his letters ad- 
dressed to President J. Q. Adams. 

After presenting the evidence in a vol- 
ume of 160 pages, he summarizes the 
case in thirteen brief statements. I quote 
from number 3 of this epitome. "The 
garments of Masonry are stained with 
blood. An American citizen has been 
sacrificed upon its altar for no breach of 
the civil laws of the land, but only for the 
violation of his Masonic obligation." No. 
6, "The Institution cannot vindicate it- 
self from the stigma of this outrage. On 
the contrary, by the course they have 
taken since it was perpetrated, both the 
Grand Lodge and the Grand Chapter 

November, 1901. 



have, in fact, assumed the responsibility 
of the transaction." 

Before writing further on this subject 
Mr. Stone would do well to consult the 
record made by his father, who was a 
member of the Grand Lodge and Grand 
Chapter of New York. In his twenty- 
first letter he records an appropriation of 
$i,ooo by the Grand Chapter to aid in 
protecting those engaged in kidnapping 
and murdering Capt. Morgan. In the 
twenty-fifth letter he writes his surprise 
at what he witnessed in the Grand 
Lodge : ''I was not even yet prepared to 
witness an open and unblushing grant of 
money by the Grand Lodge to one of the 
most active conspirators." He concludes, 
''Under these circumstances, when I saw 
the appropriation made, my course was 
taken. I have never crossed the thresh- 
old of a lodge-room since." Is it ''Hon- 
oring thy father" thus to impeach his sol- 
emn testimon^^ by publishing as a fact 
what, if true, would brand him as a liar, 
when he is not here to vindicate his 

"Honor thy father and thy mother; 
that thy days may be long in the land 
which the Lord thy God giveth thee." — 
Ex. 20: 12. James P. Stoddard. 


Do We Need Education Regarding the 


We might ask : Do we need education 
with regard to anything? All must an- 
swer, Yes. 

Is there anything that concerns our 
race that is not a matter of education to 
someone? All must answer. No. All 
lodges, especially Masonry, profess to be 
educational institutions. 

Who should be educated with regard 
to the lodge ? Now we reach a difference 
of opinion. Some say : "Only those who 
are in the lodge or who have at least 
given their word of honor that they in- 
tend to join." Others say: "All educa- 
tion is a matter for everyone, or at least 
for everyone who is likely to be affected 
by it." 

All know that the effect of the 
lodge is not and cannot be confined with- 

in the lodge. All know again that the 
American idea of education is that every- 
one should gain all the knowledge he 
can about everything, especially about 
those things that affect his interests. All 
know again that we live in an age when 
men are pushing their investigations 
boldly into every sphere of knowledge. 
There is nothing too sacred for them, 
neither mystery, religion, the church, the 
Word of God, or even God Himself ; and 
these investigators are applauded espe- 
cially by lodge men. Yet these same 
lodge men say : "You must not investi- 
gate the lodge, it is too sacred a thing." 
Is it possible that this institution of man, 
or it may be of the gods — the old pagan 
gods — is more sacred than the infinite 
Jehovah, the maker of heaven and earth ? 
The man who talks thus is hundreds of 
years behind the times. He is the true 
old fogy, or, rather, the old foggy-groggy 
of the musty, misty(ic) tie. 

All must agree that the knowledge of 
the lodge is a matter that concerns all 
those who are affected by it, and hence it 
cannot be withheld from them. 

Who Shall Educate With Regard to the 

Some say : "The lodge only." Others 
say: "No, the lodge is blind to its own 
character." Let us take this stand, where 
we all ought to agree ; let the man teach 
who knows the truth, and is willing to 
tell it. This is the stand we take in oth- 
er matters. It is the only common-sense 
stand. We live in an age of which Christ 
Himself has said : "There is nothing hid- 
den that shall not be revealed." It is 
useless for the lodge to play ostrich, and 
bury its head in the sands of its own im- 
agination, when the whole carcass, both 
inside and out, is fully seen and known. 
The spirit of the age is compelling the 
lodge to take its stand with everything 
human and divine while the light is turn- 
ed on. 

What do we need to know about the 
lodge? We need to know many things. 
Many more things than I will discuss in 
this brief hour. Many more things than 
will be discussed during the time of this 
convention. We will at this hour try to 
discuss only three of what we consider 
the most important things connected 
with the lodge system. They are very- 
simple things, often overlooked, and yet 



November, 1901. 

ahvays settle forever the lodge question 
in the mind of every thinking Christian 

V\'e need to know that the lodge does 
not produce Christian character. We 
believe that the lodge to-day is depend- 
ent for its support almost entirely on pro- 
fessed Christians. Take the professed 
Christian members, with their character, 
money and energy out of the lodge, and 
it will fall. In other words, divorce the 
church from the lodge, take the padlocks 
oft the Christian minister's mouths, and 
the days of the lodge are numbered. The 
church is mainly to blame for this, as for 
every other evil to-day. But you say : 
"How is this to be done ?" We answer : 
"By persistent proclamation of a few 
simple, undeniable facts." And the first 
is : The lodge does not produce Christian 
character. We do not wait to argue in 
favor of this statement, for it is undenia- 
ble. We have failed to meet anyone from 
Kansas to New York who would deny it. 

The Lodge Did Not Produce Christian Char- 

Did you ever notice how little arguing 
Christ did, or even His apostles? He sim- 
ply stated undeniable facts, which neither 
Pharisee, Sadducee, nor Herodian could 
answer, and they were vanquished. We 
want to do the same. All professed 
Christians profess to believe that what 
this world needs is Christian character, 
and all men know that the lodge does not 
produce Christian character. Notice we 
do not say there is no Christian character 
in a lodge man. Christians have permit- 
ted themselves to be deceived into lodge 
membership. What we do say is that 
the lodge does not produce Christian 
character, and every man in the lodge 
and out of it knows this the moment he 
stops to think. Lodge men have said to 
me : "Why, we do not pretend to produce 
Christian character." I simply said : "I 
know it." Others have said : "We pro- 
duce as much Christian character as the 
Democratic or Republican parties." And 
I said: "Yes." The fact remains, the 
lodge does not produce Christian charac- 
ter. And another fact is, that the insti- 
tution that does not produce Christian 
character has no right to live. God has 
said that even the nation and kingdom 
that will not serve the Christian church 
shall perish (Is. 60: 12). 

Christian Relationships Are Not Estab, 

We need to know that the lodge does 
not establish Christian relationships 
among men. This, again, is a simple, 
undeniable fact. No one denies it. Some 
who have never thought about it are in 
doubt at first, but a little thought settles 
the matter. The fact is, the relationship 
of the lodge is not Christian relationship 
in any sense of the term. The founders 
of lodges have never thought of Chris- 
tian relationship in founding their lodges. 
The only question that can arise here is : 
"Are no other relationships needed or 
allowed?" The devil and his followers 
will say. Yes. But our appeal is to Chris- 
tians. The moment that you that 
the Christian system does not provide for 
all the needs of the race, you have sur- 
rendered your Christianity. "Christ is 
all in all." I have heard professed Chris- 
tian ministers plead for the poor man's 
club. It was done in Baltimore last 
month. But it was shown most conclu- 
sively that what the poor man needed was 
the improvement of his home. And 
when the poor man's home is made what 
it must be made to save our country from 
destruction, then the poor man's club 
could not exist. Every thinking Chris- 
tian knows that Christian relationships 
cover all our needs, and all know that the 
lodge relationship is not Christian rela- 

Is Not the Christian Eeligion. 

We need to know that the religion of 
the lodge is not the Christian religion. 
Another simple, undeniable fact. I have 
met no man who was willing to deny this 
fact. Some lodges claim to practice 
Christian worship, but it is easily shown 
that Christian worship is not to be 
thought of amid such surroundings. All 
lodges take in men who are not Chris- 
tians, and all reject men who are Chris- 
tians. They do not teach Christian life 
and practice. The center and soul of 
Christianity is salvation from sin by Je- 
sus Christ, and regeneration by the Holy 
Spirit. There is no lodge which teaches 
these truths, and without them Christian 
worship is a farce. When the lodge 
quotes from the Bible it is blasphemy, 
for it is using it in a way and for a pur- 
pose which God never designed, and 
hence in vain. The Bible is not written 

November; 1901. 



for the lodge, but for the church, family 
and state. But most lodges worship only 
a deistical god, which is idolatry. The 
religion of the lodge in its highest form 
is deism, and in its lowest form pagan- 
ism. In other words, it is the religion of 
the heathen. It is idolatry in heart, if 
not in form. It is that which God hates 
and the Bible condemns above all. Yet, 
it is the father of all sins, for all sins that 
we know or have ever heard of, were 
once a form of worship of some deistical 
god. One thing is certain : all departing 
from the true God, the Christian's God 
and the true Christian religion, is idola- 
try, heathenism, paganism, against which 
the Word of God was written. What is 
not Christianity is deism, paganism, 
heathenism. All are agreed that the re- 
hgion of the lodge is not Christianity. 
Hence it must be that something else, 
that which has been a curse in all time to 
all nations. 

We have this strange phenomena to- 
day. We are spending millions abroad 
to convert the heathen from their deism 
and paganism, and we are spending mil- 
lions at home to establish deism and pa- 
ganism in our lodges. ''What shall the 
harvest be ?'' Con only knows the doom 
which awaits us unless we repent. Our 
crying need to-day is Christian character, 
Christian relationships and Christian re- 
ligion. The lodge does not produce 
them. They are not to. be found there. 
"He that is not for me is against me." 
That which is not of Christ in character, 
relationships and religion, is of the devil. 
"For the devil sinneth from the begin- 
ning. For this purpose the Son of God 
was manifested, that He might destroy 
the works of the devil" (I. John 3. 8). 

"How far is it to Clyde?" asked a 
weary-looking tramp on the towpath of 
an urchin. "Nine miles," replied the lad. 

"Nine miles yet?" exclaimed the foot- 
man. "Are you sure?" "Well," said the 
sympathetic youth, "seeing you are pret- 
ty tired, I will call it seven." 

Though men be simple, yet the word 
they deliver is mighty ; though they be 
mortal, the word of the Lord endureth 
— Jewet. 


No argument is needed to prove that 
lodges v/orship. The secret order of rail- 
road conductors even have an altar 
standing in the center of their hall ; and 
altars mean religion. 

The methods of opposition to these 
strange altars vary. The most common 
method by pulpit and press has been uni- 
versal silence, the boon which evil spirits 
asked, but which Christ did not grant. 
The sage, John Quincy Adams, sixty 
years ago condemned this method, and 
the ignorance which it produced, in the 
sharp words, "An ignorance which they 
are careful to preserve." 

The next m^ethod adopted by our cler- 
gymen has been to refrain from joining 
secret lodges, and to condemn them in 
words while permitting them and so shel- 
tering them in their communions. But 
this is not God's method. Had' he per- 
mitted false worships to mingle with the 
true, the Hebrew polity would have been 
broken down centuries before the Savior 
was born — and for this plain reason : 
that without a mediator and access to 
God through him, no God is left to mor- 
tals but the ''god of this world," for the 
finite cannot apprehend the infinite. 
Hence, if God had allowed idolatry and 
tolerated idolaters among his chosen 
people, they would have had no religion 
but that of Cain, which had neither Ales- 
siah nor "faith." 

Look at the fidelity and severity, terri- 
ble to the transgressors, with which Mo- 
ses enforces this one grand, fundamental 
principle. At Sinai he executed three 
thousand Israelites at one time, for add- 
ing a heathen ritual to an orthodox 
creed, attempting to worship the God 
who brought them from Egypt, by a calf, 
the symbol of the Egyptian religion ; and 
he enacted this terrible necessity into a 
law (Deut. 13 : 6-9). 

But Christ has come. And we are not 
now "under law, but under grace," 
though oyiv weapons are mighty through 
God. We are to conquer, not by bloody 
executions, but "by the blood of the 
Lamb and the word of our testimony." 

This we cannot do if we are silent, or 
if we compromise our principles by re- 
ceiving to our Christian fellowship those 
who practice these iniquities. We must 



November, 1901. 

have no fellowship with the unfruitful 
works of darkness. False worship is as 
fatal now as it was then. 



jMasonry, in a spirit of accommodation 
to Jew and Mohammedan,- admits to its 
fold on the declaration of the candidate 
that he believes in God. The question 
asked the candidate on this matter is : 
''Do you believe in a Supreme Being, the 
Creator and Governor of the universe ?" 
The answer, "I do," is all that is required 
in this line. James 2 : 19 reads : ''Thou 
beHevest that there is one God; thou 
doest well; the devils also believe and 
tremble." It requires more than a be- 
lief, or faith in one God, to save the sin- 
ner. The mere neglect to confess Christ 
constitutes the one guilty of neglect, 
anti-Christ. In the rule given for trying 
or testing the spirit which would impress 
us, \\-Q have these words : "Every spirit 
that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come 
in the flesh is of God. And every spirit 
that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is 
come in the flesh is not of God ; and this 
is that spirit of anti-Christ whereof ye 
have heard that it should come ; and even 
now is already in the world" (I. John 4: 
part of 3-4.) II. John reads : "For many 
deceivers are entered into the world who 
confess not that Jesus Christ is come in 
the flesh. This is a deceiver and an anti- 
Christ." It is plain that it is not a want 
of belief in Christ which makes a per- 
son anti-Christ, but a failure to confess 
him. Paul emphasizes this more fully in 
Romans 10: 8, 9, 10: 

8. But what saith it? The word is nigh 
thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: 
that is, the word of faith, which we preach; 

9. That if thou shalt confess with thy 
mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in 
thine heart that God hath raised him from 
the dead, thou shalt be saved. 

10. For with the heart man believeth unto 
righteousness; and with the mouth confession 
is made unto salvation. 

This vv^e find was the method of mak- 
ing the Ethiopian eunuch a church mem- 
ber. Philip preaches Christ and the 
eunuch desires baptism. "Philip said: 

Tf thou believest with all thine heart, 
thou mayest.' And he answered and 
said, 'I believe that Jesus Christ is the 
Son of God.' " Acts 8 gives the circum- 
stances. The answer of the eunuch was 
a good confession. 

Many a pretended Christian rests sat- 
isfied with the devils' belief in one God, 
but fails to confess Christ before men ; 
hence, such Christ will not confess before 
the angels of God (Luke 12 : 8). To say 
that a man can be joined to a wife and 
take a notion to be joined to some other 
man's wife on or before a certain stage 
of the union would be virtuous, would 
be no more absurdly wrong than to say 
that a believer might confess Christ in 
the prayer or class meeting, pulpit or 
pew, and fail to confess him at other 
changes of the moon. "Ye cannot serve 
God and mammon" (Luke 21 : 13). 



The' assassin of President AIcKinley 
was put on trial Monday morning, Sept. 
23. After a little more than eight hours' 
judicial procedure he w^as found guilty of 
murder in the first degree. On Thursday 
he was sentenced to be executed one 
month hence. This is a spectacle to the 
world and to angels and to men. 

The Majesty of the Law Ha^ Been Vindi- 

Our beloved President was struck 
down by a man belonging to the lowest 
type of humanity, one who does not be- 
lieve in God, or civil government, or the 
church of God, or the marriage relation. 
And yet he receives a fair trial, defended 
by able counsel. His attorneys received 
many letters condemning them for de- 
fending such a wTetch. But Judge Lewis, 
in his plea before the jury, properly said : 
"Those who would take this man out and 
execute him by mob or lynch law are a 
greater danger to society than these an- 
archists whom Czclgosz represents." 

That speech was perfectly in place. It 
will be printed in every daily paper and 
read by every reader in all the land, and 
all the world. It pointed out the only 
ground of perfect safety. As Burke said 
once in the British Parliament :"Except 
you guard the rights of the humblest serf 


November, 1901. 


that walks your shores you cannot pre- 
sen-e the rights of England's proudest 
peer," a sentence that always thrills me 
vrhen I read it. The handwriting is upon 
our walls : "Except you guard the rights 
of our colored citizens in the South you 
cannot long preserve the rights of our 
millionaires in the Xorth.'* 

Swift Justice Teaches Anarchists a Needed 

District Attorney Penney emphasized 
the fact before the jury that a speedy con- 
viction vrould awaken awe in the ranks 
of anarchy. But I wish to say here that 
as long as secret, oath-bound lodges are 
chartered by our government, we can- 
not stamp out anarchism. There is no 
principle of justice that will justify the 
government invading and inspecting the 
lodges of the anarchists that would not 
require the same invasion and inspection 
of the ^Masonic ledge. 

Lincoln said in Philadel-phia in 1861 : 
■'AMiat is wrong in ^^lassachusetts is not 
right in South Carolina. If slavery is 
morally wrong in the Xorth. it cannot be 
right in the South."' 

If the Anarchist lodges are wrong the 
^lasonic lodge cannot be right. The 
same justice that sweeps away the for- 
mer will not allow the latter to escape. 

Booker T. Washington asks : 'Ts it 
surprising that when 2,516 colored citi- 
zens were murdered in the South during 
the last sixteen years, and no m.ove was 
made by the government at AA'ashington 
to protect them, that President ^IcKin- 
ley was shot? A postmaster was mur- 
dered in the South because he v^-as black, 
and no protest was made by President 
^^IcKinley. ^^'ill not God do right?'' 

We Need the Protection of the King of 

Xo human power can protect a Presi- 
dent from the unexpected attack of an 
assassin. Human life is only safe when 
the Spirit of the Prince of the Kings of 
the eanh prevails. *'He removes kings 
and sets up kings."" \\'e must make a na- 
tional league with Him. "Kiss the Son, 
lest He be angry and ye perish from the 
way when His wrath is kindled but a lit- 
tle."' "Serve the Lord in fear."' But his 
favor is conditioned upon righteousness 
in high places as well as low, and upon 
defending the poor and fatherless, black _ 
or white, as well as the rich and powerful. 1 




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trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES. — We find tlyit a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in 
case they fail to remit before expiration. It is 
therefore assumed, unless notification to discon- 
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Interruption in bis series. Notifieation to dis- 
continue at expiration can be sent in at any 
time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.- Many persons subscribe 
to friends. In such cases, if we are advised that 
a subscription is a present and not regularly 
authorized by the recipient, we will make a 
memorandum to di5<?ontlnue at expiration, and 
to send no bill for the ensuing year. 

Address all letters penaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 


O. 'M. Carter discusses tli-e above ques- 
tion in three issues of the Friend and 
Guide, taking of course the negative po- 
sition. As a deputy of the E. F. U. he 
encounters such an objection and be- 
heves the objectors honest. Many of 
them make no provision for their famihes 
except during their own Hves. Of course, 
if it is wrong to deposit in savings banks, 
it is v\Tong to insure. If a man cannot 
properly leave a home to his family he 
cannot properly leave means to provide 
or support a home. If all provision for 
others who survive is wrong, and only 
provision for others- during contempora- 
neous life is allowable, then insurance is 
included among things that are not to be 
allowed. We forbear quoting the Bible 
promises which the objectors twist into 
prohibitions, and thus make their excuse 
for neglecting to insure. 

The same deputy encounters wives 
who hinder their husbands from insuring 
''on the ground that the money so se- 
cured would be blood money." 

Yet the same women are willing to ac- 
cept the proceeds of all other investments 
or deposits made by their husbands. 
/ Life insurance is based on the principle 



November, 1901. 

of holding all in common. A purely 
business method, it is not to be compared 
with the holding of all property in 
common and the distribution to each in 
the early church, yet the fundamental 
business principle, regarded merely as 
such, is much the same. 

All give gradually into a common 
fund, so that when each encounters the 
emergency that death creates he may be 
tided over. That is about all there is in 
life insurance, and when tested by Scrip- 
ture, it seems not less, but more justified, 
though as mere business it lias clear jus- 

Of course we refer only to real insur- 
ance, retaining the right to condemn 
much that assumes the name. The ob- 
jection that Air. Carter encounters is not 
quite new, and seems to be based on 
faulty reasons. Not the least serious 
may be a wresting of Scripture, which to 
us seems apparent. Of course there is 
no direct reference to modern insurance 
in the Bible, but if Scripture for or 
against it in spirit is cited it should be 
treated reverently and honestly and not 
twisted out of its m.eaning. 


The second part of the discussion of 
the question, "Is Life Insurance Incon- 
sistent with Scriptural Teachings?" oc- 
cupied more than three columms of the 
"Friend and Guide" for June, 1900. The 
paper proposes to use as a Scriptural ex- 
ample "the first life insurance company 
the world ever saw.'' This proves to be 
the Egyptian government about the time 
of the famine, which Joseph foretold and 
provided for. 

The argument seems far fetched and 
hardly worth the extended treatment 
given. In fact, its legitimacy is not clear- 
ly assured. A person inclined to answer 
the question in the af^rmiative would 
probably find little to change his mind in 
the story of Joseph and Pharaoh. 

Xear the close of the article comes a 
scant quarter of a column that bears on 
life insurance. It describes the scheme 
of extended insurance adapted to the as- 
sessment plan. This is an old line scheme 
and not to be recommended for general 
use, even under the old line form. Still ■ 

more dangerous does it become when 
transferred and combined with assess- 
ment insurance. 

As set forth here, the scheme is to pay 
the insurance as a sort of endowment 
pension. You insure for $1,000, and all 
the way to the age of 70 that is your 
death claim. At 70 your contract stands 
at $700 for a life claim. To this are add- 
ed all assessm_ehts you have paid in. Sup- 
pose these bring it up again to $1,000. 
Then you receive every six months $50 
until you are 80 years old. The prospect 
of a pension of $100 a year for ten years 
is attractive. 

Mr. Carter has carried a $3,000 policy 
of the E. F. Union thirty-three months 
for $33 dollars. His pension w^ould be 
$300 a year for ten years in case his pay- 
ments made the life rate at 70 just equal 
to the death rate. It would be $2,100 
with all he had paid added. 

Now suppose we drop the death claim, 
and, retaining the life claim, change this 
plan from life insurance to savings bank 
form.. You deposit in the savings bank 
until you are 70 years old. Then the bank 
takes all you have deposited and adds to 
the whole amount $700, bringing $300, 
deposited at various times-, up to $1,000. 

The interest on $300 would not be 
$700, and, besides, part of the $300 has 
been on interest J3Ut a short time. Your 
$300 and its interest are accounted for, 
but where does the bank get the rest of 
the $1,000 for you? 

If the agent smilingly answers that 
the bank has so many patrons that out of 
their numerous deposits they can easily 
pay you, the next question is, out of what 
will it also pay them ? The more patrons 
the bank has the m.ore it must pay. 

The next answer may be that in life in- 
surance it is different. Is the difference 
such as to enable a concern to hand back 
all that is handed in, and add $700 if the 
one who is paid is 70 years old, and pay 
just as much at death if one fails to 
reach 70 ? 

If he dies at 40, forthwith the union 
pays $1,000. If he lives till 70 the union 
pays $1,000 in six m.onths installments. 
At 70 he has paid in, say, $300 ; at 40 
much less. Where does the rest of either 
thousand come from ? 

\Miile we do not think that Scripture 
is against hfe insurance, we are sure that 

November. 1901. 



this scheme is '"inconsistent with Scrip- 
ture teachings. "' 


For the man of 38 or 40 years of age it cost 
just two dollars to carry a thousand-dollar 
policy for the last six months in the Equitable 
Fraternal Union.— The Friend, organ of E. 
F. U. 

It might happen that in a certain hah' 
year only two dollars would be paid by 
each member, but one-half year no more 
makes an average lifetime than one swal- 
low makes a summer. Life insurance 
tables cannot be deduced from six 
months' experience. Business probabili- 
ties and life expectation are based on 
broader foundations. 

The fact is that the net cost of insur- 
ance is inseparably connected with vital 
statistics, which are not necessarily asso- 
ciated with insurance. Government re- 
ports show the death rate of a popula- 
tion without reference to its being in- 
sured or uninsured ; and the actual death 
records of life insurance as a whole, cUid 
in all forms, do the same. It is not a 
matter afTected by financial methods and 
schemes. Even the best sanitary regula- 
tions and medical practice affect it only 
in a limited degree. The question is a 
simple one. and is merely this: How 
many people in a thousand, or ten thou- 
sand, or a million, die within a given 
period of sufficient length to show the 
average death rate ? It can be 5tated the 
other way. Of each people living 
now. how many can reasonably be ex- 
pected to be living ten years from now? 
The point of the question is : At what 
average rate do people die ? 

Xow it is obvious that the E. F. U. 
can no more aftect the undertakers' rec- 
ords, or the town clerk's than any other 
mere business association. A life insur- 
ance company no more afi'ects the njmi- 
ber of deaths than a grocery store. 

It is the average death rate that makes 
the average rate of payment for policies. 
If ten men die in a year ten policies are 
settled. Here is the ''cost." and here no 
company can have much advantage of 
another, for neither can save its patrons 
from dying. So many men in a thousand 
will be almost sure to die within a certain 
extended period, and any company, or- 

der or society that has carried them has 
their insurance to pay. This determines 
what it "costs to carry" them, and it is 
of no use to say that somewhere within 
ten or twenty years there was one half 
year in which the society sent out only a 
few calls for money. Xothing can be 
built in the way of proof or prognostica- 
tion on so slight a foundation as that. 
Life insurance is business, and it is fool- 
ish to examine it in other than a business 


The Friend and Guide, oilicial organ 
of the E. F. L'., copies from the Guardian 
an article which refers to a statement 
made by an exchange to the effect that, 
as a factor in life-insurance, fraternalism 
has come to an end. Like both the fra- 
ternal organs in which this article has ap- 
peared, we believe this assertion is un- 
founded. Statistics alone would show 
that thousands of patrons still cling to 
this comparatively weak support. 

It is true that non-fraternal insurance 
of similar type has largely retired from 
the market, leaving the field to regular 
and substantial insurance commonly 
designated ''old line." This is partly due 
sound legislation. The Guardian otters 
as one reason why that which is under 
cover of orders will not soon disappear : 
'Tt will never be attacked in our legisla- 
tive halls with temerity or success." In 
other vrords, secret orders can control 
legislation to such a degree as to prevent 
sound insurance legislation. 

Another reason why fraternal insur- 
ance will contintie a good while yet, is, 
perhaps, well urged when the Guardian 
says : ''It is the fasliion, we believe, to 
speak of fraternalism as having nothing 
behind it but the insurance purpose, and 
as therefore being ultimately amenable 
wholly to business laws and business con- 
ditions. Herein its opponents reckon 
wrongly. There are so-called fraternities 
that are simply business organizations in 
disguise. In all fraternities there is more 
of the business spirit than their most ar- 
dent admirers are willing to admit ; but 
in fraternalism as a whole there is some- 
thing that is not cold-blooded business, 
and that something is, in part at least, the " 
tie of the individual to the individual, the 



November, 1901. 

feeling" that each member is a real part of 
the whole and has a special interest in ev- 
ery other member. 

"This is not as strong as many would 
have us believe, nor, on the other hand, 
is it as weak as some people flatter them- 
selves that it is. The opponents of fra- 
ternalism may laugh at it ; but it is real, 
it is human nature, and it vrill carry fra- 
ternalism a long way.'' 

There is undoubtedly a vast amount of 
risky and disadvantageous insurance 
taken which would be avoided if it lacked 
this intrenchment and agency. Whether 
the advantages of good business can be 
judiciously risked or ignored in this way 
by half the patrons thus secured, is a se- 
rious question. 


Witli the faith of genius and the convictions 
of a life study of insurance and life-long ex- 
perience in fraternities, Joseph Cullen Root 
sought to create a system which should be as 
enduring as the old English societies and pro- 
vide a sure, safe protection to the families 
and dependents of its deceased members at 
an expense permanently within the minimum 
cost, as reckoned from accurate mortuary ta- 
bles and corroborated by reliable actuaries. 

Calculating from ripe experience that Wood- 
craft could be perfected and spread beyond 
its heretofore contracted limits and become 
a national blessing, a convention was called 
by the founder of Woodcraft at Omaha in 
June, 1890, the general plan formulated and 
the Sovereign Camp, Woodmen of the World, 
instituted. The system was relieved of its 
crudities, equitable laws Avere adopted and 
many improvements upon the original craft 
were made. New features were added, chief 
of which was that of placing a $100 monu- 
ment at every grave, and later on an incon- 
testable certificate was adopted protecting 
members from unintentional errors in their 
applications. An emergency fund, to limit 
the assessment to be called, has been pro- 
vided for; thus giving the Order distinctively 
improved features, possessed by no other 
fraternal beneficiary order. On January 1, 
1891, the Sovereign Camp secured its charter 
under the laws of the State of Nebraska. 
Which infringes upon the political or reli- 
gious convictions of any man. The ritual is 
brief, dignified, impressive and pleasing. It 
teaches no abstract creed, dogma or philoso- 
phy, but exemplifies the beauty and gran- 
deur of the voluntary association of good 
men for their advantages and improvement. 

Only one degree, known as the Protection 
degree, is obligatory, and business is trans- 
acted in this degree. The additional degrees 
of Morning, Noon and Night are furnished 
to degree camps, which may be organized by 
members of the Order for the exemplification 
of more elaborate ritualism if desired. — From 
Official Circular, form 30. 

It will be noted that the father of this 
order is the notorious J. C. Root, who is 
also the founder of the ^Modern Wood- 
men of America. 


A Member of the California Commandery, 
No. 1. 

The Louisville Courier sketches the 
life of one of the Sir Knights in attend- 
ance upon the twenty-eighth Triennial 
Conclave held in that city last August. 

Col. J. H. Burns, California Com- 
mandery Xo. I. Born in 183 1. ]\Iade a 
Freiemason in 1856, Royal Arch Mason 
in 1862, Knight Templar in 1875, mem- 
ber of the ]\Iystic Shrine in 1896, of the 
Eastern Star in 1899. He has received 
special trophies and honors in connection 
with these orders, and is an enthusiastic 
member. More than twenty-five years a 
member of the Christian degree of Free- 
masonry, the Knights Templar, one may 
fairly test its pretensions by its earnest 
A^otaries. Honest and reliable, if one 
may judge from his ow^n story, in his bus- 
iness, in personal habits he is loose, con- 
vivial, his only aim to eat, drink and be 
merry while life continues. 

He hands out cards containing his 
name and address to all who allow him 
to entertain them. These cards are reg- 
lation playing cards, and he passes them 
out with jokes and suggestions as to the 
importance of having a good time in this 
present life for, he tells his hearers, the 
conditions of the next world are uncer- 
tain and the day of resurrection very in- 
definite. How dift'erent the advancing 
life of a real Christian. An horrible pit 
of miry clay is the natural destination of 
the average votary of a counterfeit re- 

''O my soul, comie not thou into their 
secret unto their assembly, mine honor 
be not thou united." 

November. 1901. 




The secret of success is always an in- 
teresting object of inquiry, and no an- 
swer is more sought after than the inside 
opinion. One of this kind, relating to 
Odd Fellow lodges, is given by the Com- 
panion. It argues for relatively large at- 
tention to the entertainment feature, and 
declares that 'The most successful lodges 
are those that have during the year a 
number of social events, beginning with 
a public installation, to be followed a 
month or two later by a progressive 
euchre party, and then a reception, and 
after that some time during the summer 
a picnic or excursion, and then, when 
the weather grows cooler, an entertain- 
ment of some sort to be followed by 

It is a fortunate moral institution that 
can go dancing its way into success, and 
win by progressive euchre. 

|teit)0 of @ur Pori 

Xotice the great ^Magazine offer in this 
number of the Cvnosure. 

Secretary Phillips' labors for the As- 
sociation last month led him to make 
short trips into Illinois, ]vlichigan, \Ms- 
consin and Ohio. 


Mola. 111., Oct. II, 1901. 
:\Ir. W. I. Phillips: 

Dr. Blanchard gave us four excellent 
addresses on the lodge system : 

(i) The lodge in relation to the State; 

(2) In relation to the person and work 
of Jesus Christ ; 

(3) In relation to the person and work 
of the Holy Spirit ; 

(4) In relation to the Church. 

To many the subject was presented in 
a way entirely new. The religious teach- 
ing of the lodge was to many a surprise. 
The religious class of people approved 
of what he said. Some opposition has 
been awakened. On the whole good has 
been done. Yours truly, 

F. G. ^lorrow. 

Mount Morris. 

President Charles A. Blanchard lec- 
tured on the evils of secret societies Sat- 
urday evening and Sunday morning and 
afternoon, in Sprecher's Hall, but on 
Sunday evening in the College Chapel. 
The Chapel was completely filled. A 
number of the students attended and 
gave marked attention, as did the very 
large audience, to the address. Presi- 
dent Blanchard's remarks will doubtless 
have a good effect on the students. 

I think we will have to have such meet- 
ings each school year, as the young men 
are from many places here attending 
school, and they will carry the truth 
home with them. They were very much 
interested in President Blanchard's talks. 
The local papers gave very fair notices. 
Yours very truly, George V\'indle. 

^It. ]\Iorris, 111., Oct. 14, 1901. 

President Blanchard gave three series 
of addresses in the College Chapel, 
\\'heaton, on Oct. 20th. The last one vras 
on the ^lodern Woodmen of America, 
and on the 27th of October he spoke 
twice in the Congregational Church of 
Glen Ellvn, 111. 


In the early part of this year Rev. I. 
G. ^lonson, of Kindred, X. D., wrote 
that while reading the Cynosure the'sug- 
gestion came to him that we ought to 
have a hand-book on lodgeism that 
would, from a Christian standpoint, give 
a person in a concise manner the various 
phases of this subject. 

President Blanchard has undertaken 
to write such a work, which is a good 
guarantee as to its value. It is expected 
to have it on the market by ]^Iay i, 1902. 
]\Ir. Horace A. Johnson, of Berkeley, 
Cal., is the first subscriber for a copy. 
The price will probably be one dollar. 

Pat — If wan of us gets there late, and 
the other isn't there, how will he know if 
the other wan has been there and gone or 
if he didn't come yet? ]^Iike — We'll aisily 
fix thot. If Oi get there furrust. I'll make 
a chalk-mark on the sidewalk : and, if 
you get there furrust, you'll rub it out. 
— Exchange. 



November, 1901. 


A Joint Debat3 Between Rev. O. T. Lee of 
Northwood, Iowa, and Kev. Overman of 
Kansas, at Goeliner, Neb., Oct. 16, iOOl, 
on the Question of J^ecret Sfocieties. 

Seward County, Nebraska, is largely 
represented by German Lutherans be- 
longing to the Missouri Synod. These 
Lutherans have clashed with the secret 
societies that are springing up every- 
where. These societies were surprised 
at this opposition and determined to 
challenge the churches to defend their 

The* churches gladly accepted the 
challenge, which resulted in a public de- 
bate that took place at Goehner, Neb., 
on Oct. i6, 1901. The day was an ideal 
Nebraska day, and a large gathering of 
people had crowded the M. E. Church. 

The theme read : Resolved, That se- 
cret societies are detrimental to church, 
family and state. 

The representative of the church 
opened the argument with a forty-five 
minutes' talk in which he proved that se- 
cret societies are more or less religious 
organizations ; that they pretend to take 
care of not only the body, but also the 
soul. He also proved that they try to do 
this without the Savior, Jesus Christ. 
He showed that this is misleading the 
souls of men and leading them away from 
eternal happiness. 

Next followed Rev. Overman, a 
Woodman and Workman organizer for 
the State of Kansas. He was to have 
one hour in which to rebutt the .argu- 
ments of the affirmative. 

The speaker was somewhat perplexed 
at the mode of procedure from the oppo- 
sition. There was only one single argu- 
ment advanced, he thought, and this was 
of such a character that the speaker con- 
cluded not to touch it. 

He then went to work to show that 
businsess firm.s, marriages and every so- 
ciety was a secret society. He then 
asked triumphantly if all business firms 
and marriages were detrimental to 
churches. At this point he was cheered 
by his followers as having made a great 

He then went to work with tears in his 
eyes to picture the hardships of widows 
and children who were left destitute in 

this world, and of course the wash-tub 
story was not forgotten. 

Time was called. The affirmative had 
fifteen minutes to tr}^ and correct state- 

As to the term "secret societies," the 
affirmative showed that the term had 
passed in usage with a defimite meaning. 
That the Cyclopedia of Fraternities 
knows of only 600 such societies, of 
which 350 still are alive in the United 

The family question was then consid- 
ered, the affirmative believing that the 
secrecy of the husband toward his wife 
was an injustice and a just source of jeal- 

The affirmative held that the husband 
had duties to his family in spending the 
evenings at home rather than in the 

The affirmative also held that it was 
not an absolute necessity for a husband 
to prove his love to his family by being 
,away and spending money for goats, 
sawmills, coffins, human skeletons, skulls 
and bones, chains, ropes, building costly 
edifices, renting lodge-rooms, and pay- 
ing big salaries to officers. 

The affirmative admitted that a few 
widows received large sums of money, 
for which little or nothing Vv-as paid. 

But there were many famihes that 
had to contribute to these large sums. 
And many families had to rob them- 
seh'-es of the necessaries of life in order to 
help pay these large sums. There are 
more women that wash to help pay as- 
sessments than those who never have 
any assessment to pay. 

The negative demanded tliat we 
should go by the rule : "By the fruits ye 
shall know them." 

The affirmative accepted this, and ap- 
plied the rule to the "Ancient Order of 
Chosen Friends." That went bankrupt 
a year ago and cheated and defrauded 
22,000 families of the money they had 
put into the order. 

It was proven that all these fraternal 
orders are built upon such a foundation 
that they must all come down. 

They are too cheap to last. They all 
expect to cheat and defraud a large ma- 
jority of their members. 

Time being called, it was decided that 
the debate be prolonged another half 

November, 1901. 



hour. This time was used by both sides 
as best they could. 

One incident in the debate being that 
the affirmative received an opportunity 
to give the M. W. of A. organizer some 
lessons in Woodmen ceremonies and of 
describing to him, to the amusement of 
the audience, the sawmill and goat acts. 

A Freemason minister was present 
and after the debate came up to the table 
and told those around that they m.ust 
not believe what was said about Freema- 

Mackey's Ritualist was handed him ; 
he looked at it and said that that was 
not Masonry. Then the Ecce Orienti 
was handed him with the question if he 
knew what that was. He opened the 
book, and he smiled and said he knew 
that and could read that. 

Your correspondent then read to him 
and the crowd around the Entered Ap- 
prentice oath and obligation. The Ma- 
son was horrified and cried out : "You 
have committed yourself," and left the 

Seventeen ministers of the German 
Missouri Synod and one minister from 
the Norwegian Synod were present. We 
hope that the churches were strength- 
ened in their position as to secret socie- 
ties. (Rev.) O. T. Lee. 

Omaha, Oct. i8, 1901. 


Oct. 18, 1901. 

Dear Cynosure : We are glad to report 
that we have enjoyed many evidences of 
the Divine favor during the month past. 

The larger portion of our time has 
been given to work in this State. W^hile 
we have not held the usual convention, 
we have been able to reach Conferences, 
Synods and Seminaries and lecture more 
than at other times. Our visits to Con- 
ferences of the Free Methodist Churcli, 
held at Alexandria, Va., and New Brigh- 
ton, Pa., gave opportunity for the circu- 
lation of the literature supplied by the 
National Christian Association, and the 
accomplishment of much good in ways 
too numerous to mention here. These 
Conferences indicated that the churches 
were awake and pushing along reform as 
well as other lines. 

The Pennsylvania friends seemed to 

be making the most progress. ' The Con- 
ference was in one of the largest churches 
and its capacity was taxed to the utmost. 
Your agent was honored in giving the 
opening sermon to the large, attentive 
audience that gathered. Many were the 
"amens" and ''God bless you's" we heard 
there. The points at which we touched 
in Pennsylvania wxre Scottdale, Greens- 
burg, Altoona, McKee's Gap, Roaring 
Spring, Martinsburg, Pittsburg and 
Rochester. We found loving hearts and 
willing hands who endorsed the work by 
contribution or subscription as well as 
prayer and voice. 

At Lambertsville, Martinsburg and 
Piney Point we spoke in the German 
Baptist Brethren and Mennonite 
Churches, to appreciative audiences. We 
were assured that there would be a good 
attendance from this section if the State 
Convention is held in Altoona. Wlien 
passing Pittsburg we had the privilege of 
running out to Wilkinsburg just long 
enough to speak to the goodly number of 
consecrated ones meeting in the Presbv- 
terian Church under the auspices of 
Flope Mission. In the testimonies that 
followed our presentation of truth, we 
observed clear, fervent, intelligent rea- 
sons given that carried conviction. Bro. 
Sandys, superintendent of the Hope I\Iis- 
sion work, has recently taken a wife. 
Some say she is the best of the two. If 
so, there will be great results indeed in 
the future work of the Mission. 

As the train ran into Columbus, Ohio, 
it seemed much like going home. It was 
there wife and I had our first home, and 
many were the friends we vvcre compelled 
to leave in passing to the larger Eastern 
field. We found an enlargement in the 
attendance of students at the Capitol 
University. As we are always welcome, 
we seek to address the young men pre- 
paring for the ministry in this institu- 
tion at least once every three years. 
There were nearly one hundred who join- 
ed our class this time. An hour was very 
profitably spent. The man}^ questions 
asked by the young men gave evidence 
that they were not dull scholars, but 
thoroughly awake to the fact that one of 
the greatest of the devil's strongholds is 
to be found in the lodge system, ^^'e 
spent one Sabbath with our brother-in- 
law at Grove City, Ohio. Here we re- 



Novembei', 1901. 

sponded to the invitation of the M. E. 
pastor to preach to his people. We se- 
lected our text so we could naturally pre- 
sent truth concerning the lodge. This 
very naturally was not pleasing to lodge 
men present. 

At Dayton, West Alexandria, Eaton 
and Springfield, Ohio, we found open 
doors for lectures which we hope to enter 
at no distant date. The next Ohio State 
Convention should probably be in this 
section. Where ? Who gives the invita- 

In Logan County we were disappoint- 
ed in not finding some of the ''old stand- 
bys'" at home. Those who were at home 
made us feel very welcome. We were 
glad to greet friends again whom we had 
not seen for twelve years and to learn 
that they were still contending for the 
faith. At Lima College we learned that 
the year opened with an enlarged attend- 
ance of students. President Long has 
succeeded in securing pledges to pay the 
$27,000 indebtedness. Thanksgiving will 
be a great day there. Blufifton was the 
place providence indicated we should 
spend Sabbath, There is a new Mennon- 
ite College there, and many of that faith 
live in this vicinity. We spoke to a 
church full in the morning. In the after- 
noon we were taken into the country two 
miles and spoke to a school of some five 
hundred. There was a good attendance 
at the anti-secrecy lecture we delivered 
here Monday evening. 

Some thirty new subscriptions to the 
Cynosure were taken at this point. At 
an auction we met quite a company of 
Odd Fellows. They had evidently been 
stirred on learning my mission. As I was 
canvassing a man for the Cynosure they 
gathered round and began an attack by 
making remarks intended to annoy. W^e 
paid no attention to them until we had 
secured the subscription desired. As we 
were leaving one of the number asked a 
question to which we replied. He made 
the common, foolish declaration that we 
did not know what we were talking 
about. Upon questioning him, he took 
the position that one could not know a 
thing unless he had seen it. But he did 
not knov/ there was such a city as Lon- 
don, as he had never seen it, nor did he 
know that he had any brains, as he had 
never seen them. There was a general 

fusillade of questions, declarations, de- 
nunciations, etc, mixed with profanity. 
We found it impossible to reason and,, 
not wishing to waste our strength talking 
against windmills, we sought the next 
man to canvass. While thus engaged, an 
excited man came and interrupted, ad- 
vising that we leave the place at once, as 
it was not safe to remain, he said. We 
saw no occasion for alarm and continued 
work as usual. Our reform is not new 
to Mennonite friends in this section. 
They have heard President Blanchard 
and my honored father lecture in other 

The English district of the Joint Synod 
of Ohio Lutherans are in session at Fre- 
mont. We have been with them for the 
two past days. The secrecy question is 
before them. Synod has been asked to 
more clearly define its position on this 
question. A committee appointed by the 
Synod has prepared a paper, which it 
presents for adoption. From our obser- 
'vation of the paper and the discussion as 
it has proceeded thus far, we fail to see 
how it will give any special light. This 
paper states that all societies, whether 
secret or open, outside the jurisdiction of 
the church, that make religion an object, 
encroach upon the work the Lord has 
committed to His church, deny or com- 
promise in whole or in part the truth re- 
vealed by God, and are under the ban of 
the church. As all secret societies do this, 
I suggested that the old form v/ould be 
clearer and simpler. Just declare, "We 
are opposed to all secret societies." The 
chairman of the committee who prepared 
this paper said that the church must take 
up each lodge and decide whether it was 
sinful and its degree of sinfulness before 
excluding the members from the church. 
We should not wish to undertake such a 
task unless we had nothing else to do for 
a hundred years or so. 

This church, as every other church de- 
claring God's truth in opposition to the 
lodge, feels a tremendous pressure as its 
membership increases and God blesses 
its efforts. Its ministry does not want to 
compromise with the lodge evil, and if 
it does, it will be at first through a mis- 


November, 1901, 




Contrary to the usual custom, your 
agent was voted five minutes to address 
the Synod during this discussion. Mis- 
sionary and other discussions showed 
much progress and zeal. Our visit with 
the Ohio friends was, as always, pleasant 
and helpful. 

Next month, D. V., we take up the 
New York State work. Shall the con- 
vention be in Brooklyn? Will friends 
who have requested me to lecture in 
their churches in New York and Jersey 
City, write m-e at once, addressing 910 
Pennsylvania Avenue N. W., Washing- 
ton, D. C, indicating the date after the 
middle of November that will suit them 
best. W^e will seek to accommodate our- 
self to your pleasure. Shall there not be 
an advance all along the line? 

W. B. Stoddard. 


It Decides to Investigate Tecret Societies, 

Strasburg, 111., Oct. 18, 1901. 
Ur. W. I. Phillips : 

Dear Bro. : I was permitted to be at 
the IMattoon Baptist Association at 
Charleston, 111. I was appointed a year 
ago to present the work of the National 
Christian Association, and as a result 
the following resolution was passed by 
the assembly : 

"Whereas, Secret societies are a power 
for good or evil ; therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That we, as intelligent 
Christians and members of oMattoon Bap- 
tist Association, will carefully and pray- 
erfully investigate secret societies, and 
see if they are worthy or not of our sup- 

I met quite a number of people who 
were opposed to secret societies, among 
whom were S. T. Reynolds, Arthur, 111. ; 
our moderator, Eld. T. D. Davis, Mar- 
shall, 111. ; our former Association Mis- 
sionary, Deacon Herrin, Arthur, 111. ; S. 
C. Fulmer, of Indianapolis, Ind., District 
IMissionary for Indiana and Southern Illi- 
nois, Home ^Mission department. 

We had with us three prominent lodge 
men : Eld. G. D. Kent, Chaplain of the 
Odd Fellows' Old Folks' Home, ^lat- 
toon. 111. ; Eld. T. ^I. Griffith, ex-chap- 
lain of Southern State Prison, Chester, 
111., present address Windsor, 111. ; Eld. 
Morgan Hand, Trilla, 111., Lecturer for 
AI. W. of A. 

I find that most of our preachers are 
waking up, and I think it is time to 
"awake out of sleep," and serv-e God with 
the whole heart. 

(Eld.) Thomas Inman. 


Dear Bro. Phillips : 

A word respecting the National Coun- 
cil of Congregational Churches, now 
nearing its close in this city, may be of 
interest. It is, of course, a large and rep- 
resentative body, in which modern pro- 
gressive ideas step boldly to the front. 
The trend of the movement seems 
strongly towards centralization, though 
the necessity or desire to recognize the 
local churches is yet quite apparent. 

I made no attempt to bring our anti- 
secrecy work officially before the Coun- 
cil, knowing from past experience that 
such an attempt would be useless. Hav- 
ing ascertained what privileges I might 
exercise, I began my work, with Prize 
Essays, Danger Signals, Secret Disloyal 
Oaths, and a variety of tracts, which 
gave frequent opportunity for personal 
conference. Without exception I re- 
ceived courteous treatment from each of 
the leading members of the Council 
whom I approached, and in many in- 
stances most hearty approval and en- 
couragement. There were some, of 
course, among the more youthful mem- 
bers, who pitied me for my gross ignor- 
ance as a "Cowan," and stoutly asserted 
their superior knowledge and wisdom. I 
'have learned that when meeting a con- 
ceited specimen, of whom it is written, 
"There is more hope of a fool than of 
him," it is only profitable to spend time 
with him when you can give to "lookers 
on" an object lesson of his mar^-elous at- 
tainments in the astonishing lore and 
profound mysticism of his beloved cour- 
tesan and "Ape of the Bride of Christ." 

The Secretary of the Y. M. C. A., 
though much occupied as chairman of an 



November, 1901. 

important Council committee, gave time 
for a brief statement of our work, which 
he approves, and I left Joseph Cook's 
pamphlet in numbers to tell the story of 
"Disloyal Secret Oaths" to those who 
frequent the well-equipped apartments 
of the Portland Y. M. C. A. I had hoped, 
but failed, to meet Sheriff Pierson, but 
found at his mission a leader who de- 
plores the great and growing :evil of the 
lodge, and accepted literature for him- 
self and Dr. Pierson, which he assured 
me would be carefully read and prized by 
the sheriff of Cumberland County. 

To ni-e it is still a mystery why so many 
p:ood and able ministers, who see the evil 
and deplore the desolation wrought m 
our churches by the secret empire, but 
who nevertheless withhold their public 
testimony and virtually ''put their light 
under a bushel," when they are directly 
enjoined to let it "shine," and so stren- 
uously commanded to give the alarm 
when they see the enemy coming, under 
penalty of blood-guiltiness. Shall not 
God require this at the hand of his min- 
isters ! James P. Stoddard. 

Portland, Maine, Oct. 17, 1901. 


Billings, O. T., Sept. 19, 1901. 
Dear Editor: 

The i6th day of September is a nota- 
ble day with us here in the Strip, from the 
fact that the race for this new country 
was made on Sept. 16, 1893. This day 
is celebrated each returning year wath 
appropriate exercises. 

The Masons, Odd Fellows and K. of 
P. are jointly putting up a new building 
called 'The Fraternal Home." They 
got things in shape for laying the corner- 
stone on Sept. i6th, and hence they took 
the matter in hand and proposed that 
there should be a joint celebration of the 
opening and of the laying of the corner- 
stone of the new building. I predicted 
that it would be 75 per cent secret so- 
ciety and 25 per cent for the opening; 
but I was disappointed in that the secret 
brethren took 95 per cent. In the four 
or five speeches made very slight men- 
tion was made of the opening, but much 
in glorification of "Fraternity." It was a 
plain steal. 

Of course Masonry was to the front, as 
they were laying the corner-stone. 

Reference was made to "Masonry be- 
ing for the intellectual and moral ad- 
vancement of this community, and the 
sacredness of the ceremonies of the lay- 
ing of the corner-stone." The speaker 
said that "Masonry inspires men's hearts, 
enlightens men's minds and leads them 
to abhor vice. It is the immutable re- 
ligion that God has implanted in the 
bosom of humanity. The Holy Scrip- 
tures is the great light in Masonry. It 
loosens bands and breaks oppression, a 
beacon light." How emphatically each 
one of these propositions can be nega- 

The Grand Master, who led in the ex- 
ercises incident to the laying of the cor- 
ner-stone, made a short address at the 
opening, in which he regaled us with 
those hoary fabrications concerning the 
origin of Freemasonry. 

He spoke of Solomon as "our first 
Grand Master, and Masonry originating 
at the building of the temple." It is a 
wonder it does not burn a man's tongue 
to tell such falsehoods. 

At the proper time they scattered corn 
(wheat), wine and oil on the stone, and 
then had a little gymnastic exercise, as 
other sun-worshippers. 

This dish was set before us : "We have 
secrets which have never been found out, 
but these secrets are proper and are not 
repugnant to the laws of God or man. 
Illustrious men in all ages belong to us." 

The stone has engraved on the side 
of it : 

"Sept. 16, 1901. 
A. F. A. M. A. L. 5901. 
I. O. O. F. 1819. 
K. P. P. P. 38." 

Thus we, the dear people, were stuffed 
with secretism. on our day. Truly and 
fraternally yours, Wm. C. Paden. 

Excited Lady (at a seaside resort) : 
"Why isn't something done for that ship 

in distress ? Why don't some of you " 

Lifesaver (hurriedly) : "We've sent the 
crew a line to come ashore, mum." Ex- 
cited lady: "Of all things! Were they M 
waiting for a formal invitation?" ^ 

Hell is paved with good intentions. 

November, 1901. 



table Ml 

The "Pilgrim's Progress" has been 
translated for the benefit of the Esquimos, 
and the printers of the Oxford Univer- 
sity Press have asked for higher rates. 
The following samples have been culled 
from the new volume : ''Rauvengitisarm- 
aritsainarnngnangigalloaruptalonet. Ku> 
jalijutiksakatsainaralloarpoguelle." And 
this is the book of which 2\Iacaulay said : 
''We have observed several pages that do 
not contain a single word of more than 
two svllables.'' 


Disagreeable Passenger (to commer- 
cial traveler sitting by open window) — 
Excuse, me, sir, but that open window is 
very annoying. 

C. T. (pleasantly) — I'm sorry, but Pm 
afraid you'll have to grin and bear it. 

D. P. — I wish you would close it, sir. 

C. T. — Would like to accommodate 
you, but I can't. 

D. P. — Do you refuse to close that 
window, sir ? 

C. T. — I certainly do. 

D. P. — If you don't close it I will. 

C. T. — I'll bet you w^on't. 

D. P. — If I go over there I w411. 

C. T. — I'll give you odds you won't. 

D. P. — I'll ask you once more, sir, will 
you close that window? 

C. T. — No, sir ; I will not. 

D. P. (getting on his feet) — Then I will, 

C. T. — I would like to see you do it. 

D. P. (placing his hands on the objec- 
tionable window) — I'll show you whether 
I will or not, sir. 

C. T. (as disagreeable passenger tugs at 
window) — Why don't you close it? 

D. P. (getting red in the face) — It ap- 
pears to be stuck. 

C. T. — Of course it is. I tried to close 
it before you came in. 

And then the disagreeable passenger 
felt foolish and the other passengers 
chuckled audibly. 


"When the new minister made his first pas- 
toral call at the Fosdicks', he took little Anna 
up in his arms and tried to kiss her. But the 
child refused to be kissed; she struggled loose 
and ran off into the next room, where her 
mother was putting a few finishing touches 
to her adornment before going into the parlor 
to greet the clergyman. "Mamma," the little 
girl whispered, "the man in the parlor wanted 
me to kiss him." "Well," replied mamma, 
"why didn't you let him? I would if I were 
you." Thereupon little Anna ran back into 
the parlor, and the minister asked: "Well, 
little lady, won't you kiss me now?" "No, I 
won't," replied Anna promptly, "but mamma 
leays she will." 
—Harper's Bazaar. 

It is reported that three newspaper men 
were initiated into Alma Lodge, in New York, 
on December 27. The membership of this 
lodge is largely made up of newspaper work- 
ers and the degree was conferred entirely by 
members of the staff of the New York Jour- 

''Did you do nothing to resuscitate the 
body?'' was recently asked of a witness 
at a coroner's inquest. 

"Yes, sir ; we searched the pockets," 
was the reply. 

A wag who thought to have a joke at 
the expense of an Irish provision dealer 
said, "Can vou supplv me with a vard of 

''Pat," said the dealer to his assistant, 
"give this gentleman three pig's feet."' 

A commercial traveler entered the hall 
of a hotel and, picking up a pen, pro- 
ceeded to make several perpendicular 
lines upon the register, like capital I's 
with the shoulders cut off. 

By this time the clerk was angry, and 
informed the stranger that the register 
was intended for signatures and must 
not be defaced in that manner. 

"Oh, don't get angry about it," said 
the man with the pen. 

He made a few horizontal dashes, and 
giving the register a twirl, showed the 
angry clerk that he had only been writing 
his name, which was H. H. HILL. 

The devil came to search Christ ; what 
will he do to us ? 

Crows are wise birds — they never do 
things without caws. 



November, 1901. 

Guide (referring to Egyptian pyra- 
mids) — It took hundreds of years to build 

O'Brien (the wealthy contractor] — 
Thin it wor a Gover'mint job— eh? 


When Blucher, with his gallant Prus- 
sians, whose timely arrival at Waterloo 
prevented Napoleon from employing his 
reserves against Wellington's troops, had 
been for hours toiling across wet and 
spongy valleys toward the scene of ac- 
tion, the patient and weary troops be- 
came nearly exhausted. *'We can go no 
farther," they frequently exclaimed. "We 
must," was Blucher's reply. '1 have giv- 
en Wellington my word, and you won't 
make me break it I" 
—The Quiver. 

A funny old man told this to me 

('Tis a puzzle in punctuation, you see). 

"I fell in a snowdrift in June," said he, 

"I went to a ball game out in the sea 

I saw a jellyfish float on a tree 

I found some gum in a cup of tea 

I stirred the milk with a big brass key 

I opened the door on my bended knee, 

I ask your pardon for this," said he, 

"But 'tis true— when told as it ought to be." 


A clergyman was dining in a hotel 
with some commercial travelers, who 
made jokes about him. He moved not 
a muscle of his face, and after dinner one 
of them approached him saying : 

''How can you sit quietly and hear all 
that has been said, without uttering a re- 

My dear sir," said the cleric, ''I am 
chaplain to a lunatic asylum." 

''But, father," remonstrated his daugh- 
ter, "we must say something." 

"If you can do nothing better," retort- 
ed Mr. Haynes, dryly, "get a pumpkin 
and roll it about. That will be at least an 
innocent diversion." 

Not long afterward a conference of 
ministers met at his house. During the 
evening an earnest discussion on certain 
points of doctrine arose, and from the 
lofty pitch of some of the voices it seem- 
ed as if part of the disputants, at least, 
were in danger of losing their temper. 

At that juncture Mr. Haynes' daugh- 
ter quietly entered the room bearing a 
huge pumpkin. She put it down in front 
of her father, and said: "There, father, 
roll it about ; roll it about." 

Mr. Haynes was called upon for an 
explanation, and good humor was re- 
Youth's Companion. 

Wim from tlie foh^t. 


It Is unquestionable that proficiency in each 
Masonic degree should be required of each 
advancing candidate, and, consequently, the 
brethren who advocate the thorough posting 
of all the craft should be encouraged and up- 

Not only should the ritualistic questions 
and answers be taught, but their moral, re- 
ligious and philosophical significance should 
be imparted. This is so because there is a 
why and wherefore for everything in Ma- 
sonry, and because it is both a royal art and 
a profound science of symbolism and philoso- 


To merely memorize the questions and an- 
swers, known as the lectures, and recite them 
in open lodge, is not sufficient. They must 
be studied in the light of the past and the 
present, and in their moral, religious and 
philosophical significance, as only thus can 
their real meaning— their wisdom and beauty 
—be discerned, and then applied in the Mas- 
ter's service and work. 

It is true that the ritualistic questions and 
answers, called the lectures and the cat^ 
chism, are a part of the means of Masonic 
recognition, but their great use is that of 
marking and pointing the way of the search 
for greater light; that of revealing the wise 
and serious truths that make the craft better 
and happier, and that of aiding in fitting 
each of them for a place in the Celestial 
Lodge above, where the Grand Architect of 
the Universe forever presides. 

It follows that Masonic proficiency is twor 
fold, namely, first, thorough knowledge of 
the Masonic lectures, and, second, mastery of 
the Masonic ethics. 

These ethics embrace "all that virtue, honor 
and manhood can require;" also "all that an- 
cient and modern wisdom can impart in re- 
gard to the great mysteries of God and Im- 
mortality," and, therefore, they are an in- 
fallible guide to Masonic faith and practice. 

Recognizing this fact, Brother Mackey says: 
"Tbe symbolism of Masonry inculcates all 

November, 1901. 



the duties which we owe to God as being Hie 
children, and to men as being their brethren." 
Likewise seeing, Dr. Oliver says: "There 
is scarcely a point of duty or morality which 
man has been presumed to owe to God, his 
neighbor or himself, under the Patriarchal, 
the Mosaic, or the Christian dispensation, 
which, in the construction of our symbolical 
system, has been left untouched." He adds 
that, unitedly, the symbols form "a code of 
moral and theological philosophy," but 
Brother Mackey declares that the better ex- 
pression would be, "a code of philosophical 
and theological ethics." 

The above is from the Masonic Voice- 
Review, ''the oldest Masonic pubHcation 
in the world," and is worthy of attention. 
The claim is a large one, and we fail to see 
that it can be substantiated. Hence it 
seems to us that any man accepting it 
would be deceived. 

It suggests that the charge that Free- 
masonry is an idolatrous religion may be 


Initiations that are accompanied by "horse 
play" may afford the spectators amusement, 
but they certainly are detrimental to the best 
interests of any organization. No candidate 
with a particle of self-respect will ever forget 
or forgive rough usage, and a majority of 
them will never again be seen at the meet- 
ings. But this is not all. It has happened 
more than once that men have been seri- 
ously injured by being handled roughly dur- 
ing an initiation ceremony in some organiza- 
tions, and the lodge and the order have ob- 
tained unenviable notoriety by being called 
upon to defend suits for damages. It is time 
that all buffoonery was stopped. It detracts 
from the dignity of any ceremony, is childish 
and attended with danger, for the players 
of pranks upon candidates feel little or no 
personal responsibility and are inclined to be- 
come reckless. 

It should be remembered that a candidate 
Is powerless to defend himself, and that if 
he attempts to do so there is added danger 
that he may break an arm, or a leg, or injute 
himself seriously in some other way. More- 
over, some men have weak hearts that are 
apt to fail them under a great nervous strain, 
and it is not improbable that a death migh^ 
occur during an initiation ceremony that is 
not conducted according to the ritual. 

Who has not seen candidates dripping with 
perspiration and trembling from head to foot 
when no liberties whatever were taken with 
them? Suppose these men were roughly han- 

dled, what would be the result? Complete 
nervous prostration, undoubtedly, from which 
they might never entirely recover. 

Degrees are intended to convey lessons and 
the makers of rituals have taken particular 
pains to exclude from them anything that 
might savor of the performance of the clrcu* 
ring, yet the clown is often in evidence dur- 
ing an initiation ceremony. 

Let us by all means respect the feelings 
of candidates and have a decent regard for 
our obligation to take part in no ceremony 
that is not sanctioned by the ritual.— Lodge 

But horse play is not the only danger- 
ous thing in lodge initiations. "A death 
might occur" when the ritual was fol- 
lowed, and lodge accidents, fatal or other- 
wise, can be but doubtfully credited to va- 
riation from ritual. 


By all means talk about the lodge and 
the advantage of joining it ; write about 
it and send your effusions to the news- 
papers, concealing nothing that strangers 
might properly be told. Common sense 
will, of course, dictate that some things 
should not be made public, and what they 
are need puzzle no intelligent brother to 
determine. No one, for instance, will 
talk about the ritual, because, in the 
first place, it is manifestly improper to 
even hint anything about the initiation 
ceremonies, and secondly, very few per- 
sons would care especially to know any- 
thing about such matters. Neither would 
it be good policy to be too frank in speak- 
ing of the lodge, particularly if matters 
are not entirely harmonious, if the meet- 
ings are a little dull and not so well at- 
tended as you think they ought to be, if 
there is any past, pres.ent or prospective 
scandal — withhold from strangers a 
knowledge of all these matters, for it is 
no concern of theirs. 
—Lodge Organ. 


The seven "Bibles" of the world are, 
the Koran of the Mohammedans, the 
Eddas of the Scandinavians, the Tripita- 
ka of the Buddhists, the Five Kings of 
the Chinese, the three Vedas of the Hin- 
dus, the Zendavesta and the Scriptures 
of the Christians. 



November, 1901. 

The Koran is the most recent of the 
seven Bibles and not older than the sev- 
enth century of our era. It is a com- 
pound of quotations from the Old and 
New Testament, the Talmud and the 
Gospel of St. Barnabas. The Eddas of 
the Scandinavians were first published in 
the fourteenth century. The Pitaka of 
the Buddhist contain sublime moral and 
pure -aspirations, but their author lived 
and died in the sixth century before 
Christ. There is nothing of excellence 
in these sacred books not found in the 
Bible. The sacred writings of the Chi- 
nese are called the Five Kings, "king" 
meaning web of cloth, or the warp which 
keeps the threads in their place. They 
contain the best sayings of the best sages 
on the ethico-political duties of life. 
These sayings cannot be traced to a 
period higher than the eleventh century 
B. C. The three Vedas are the most an- 
cient books of the Hindus, and it is the 
opinion of Max Mueller, Wilson Johnson 
and Whitney that they are not older than 
eleven centuries B. C. The Zendavesta 
of the Persians is the grandest of all the 
sacred books next to our Bible. Zoroas- 
ter, whose sayings it contains, was born 
in the twelfth century B. C. Moses lived 
and wrote his Pentateuch fifteen cen- 
turies B. C. and, therefore, has a clear 
margin of 300 years older than the most 
ancient of the other sacred writings. 

The ''Bible is used among Masons as 
the symbol of the will of God, however 
it may be expressed. And, therefore, 
whatever to any people expresses that 
will may be used as a substitute for the 
Bible in a Masonic lodge. Thus, in a 
lodge consisting entirely of Jews, the Old 
Testament alone may be placed upon the 
altar, and the Turkish Masons may use 
the Koran. Whether it be the Gospels 
to the Christian, the Pentateuch to the 
Israelite, the Koran to the Mussulman, 
or the Vedas to the Brahman, it every- 
where Masonically conveys the same 
idea — that of the symbolism of the Di- 
vine Will revealed to man." 
— Mackey's Encyclopaedia of Freemasonry, 

page 114. 

I have a silent sorrow here, 
A grief I'll ne'er impart ; 

It breathes no sigh, it sheds no 
Yet it consumes mv heart. 





Your neighbor is any one for whom 
you can do a good turn. 

Letitia Hutchings was born in Virgil, 
Cortland Countv, New York, Nov. 29, 

Her father and mother, Jacob' and 
Rhoda Hutchings, were early settlers in 
Western New York, and through their 
energy, pluck, economy and persistent 
labor drew to themselves, for those early 
days, an unusual amount of this world's 

Letitia was one of the fifteen children 
born to these earnest, zealous Methodist 

In this home they had daily family 
prayers and Bible reading. 

Letitia united v/itli the church at an 
early age. In 1840, a favorite sister, a 
few months younger than Letitia, mar- 
ried and journeyed to the heavily tim- 
bered wilds of Northern Indiana, a pio- 
neer settler. She felt that she must ac- 
company this sister, for they could not 
bear to be separated. Here in this new 
country Letitia taught district school and 


November, 1901. 



vv-as sought in marriage, in those few 
years, by very many suitors. Her heart 
Avas won by a young Disciple preacher, 
Randal Faurot. 

This order of faith was in its infancy 
and held and taught as it dees now, that 
immersion is the only true Christian bap- 
tism. Letitia. naturally exceedingly con- 
scientious, wanted the truth. She had 
been sprinkled as a ]\Iethodist, but she 
heard so much of the teachings of these 
new Baptists that it stirred her thoughts 
to great activity and made her pray with 
great sincerity to be led to the truth of 
the matter. Meanwhile the young preach- 
er was pressing his suit and when his "fair 
lady" was on t4ie verge of accepting himi 
he remarked ''that his life partner in his 
Christian work must be buried with her 
Lord in baptism." 

This caused a pause of weeks and 
months in the courtship, while she halt- 
ed to give herself a closer introspection 
and weigh her evidences. In the autumn 
of 1846 she was immersed in the St. Jo- 
seph River, near Xewville, but she still 
acknowledged her Methodist allegiance 
and returned to her parents' home in the 
State of Xew York. This much I know, 
but how it came about that the Disciple 
preacher again visited her in her girl- 
hood's home and married her in May, 
1847, I never learned. The bride and 
groom returned to Indiana, where I 
think both engaged in teaching district 
schools. Later she concluded to have 
her name stand beside that of her hus- 
band on the church roll. 

It seemed always that the one supreme 
thought of her life, and her greatest de- 
sire, v/as to help others. All through 
their lives they both did a great deal of 
work in educational lines. They were 
well agreed in the thought of giving their 
lives to bless humanity. 

In 1854 they had succeeded in raising 
money enough among the people to 
build an academy at Newville, Indiana, 
and they both taught there for several 
years, as well as holding the pastorate of 
the Disciple Church at that place. 

When the War of the Rebellion made 
it necessary for some to go to nurse our 
suffering soldiers. Brother and Sister 
Faurot became hospital nurses. After 
the war closed their sympathies were 
keenly alive to the needs of the ignorant 

freedmen, but the time was not yet ripe 
when they could v/ork there to advant- 
age. They came home and he v/as again 
a pastor. 

I think in 1867 they came to the new 
region, St. Louis, in ^Michigan. There 
he repeated his successful work, such as 
he had done in Xewville, and St. Louis 
had an academy building, and both of 
them taught in the academy. 

Later their sympathies for the down- 
trodden, ignorant and oppressed of the 
South led them to go and teach the ne- 
groes. Brother Faurot helped solicit 
through the States for funds to build an 
institute of learning v.diere the colored 
people could be educated. The building 
'is situated at Edwards, Z\Iiss. Here they 
both again taught. He died of fever 
there in 1882, willing all his earthly pos- 
sessions to that institution. Sister Fau- 
rot was obliged to seek the X'orth on ac- 
count of her health. 

They never had any children of their 
own, but nearly ahvays had one or more 
in their household that they were trying 
to educate in what they thought was the 
right way, and many have "come up to 
call her blessed." 

She was never possessed of a strong 
physique, and I think she seldom if ever 
knew an hour of health in her life. She 
was almost never free from pain and an 
exceeding weariness, yet I doubt if I ever 
met one who daily spent so many hours 
of toil. 

She taught school for fifty years of her 
life, and very many are the people of 
varying ages who have expressed to her 
their thanks for her patient and clear 
explanations to them of their text-books, 
and for the wisdom of her advice to them, 
and for the courage her words of com- 
mendation inspired in them, making 
them feel that they, too, had it in them 
to make their lives successful. 

She practiced the strictest economy, 
so that she might bless those less fortu- 
nate, with her purse. I\Iany a one owes 
his or her education at school to little 
helps of money from her. Everybody 
was always so .glad to have a visit, the 
longer the better, from Sister Faurot, 
and she was always a great help and sup- 
port to any church with which she was 



November, 1901. 

In her 75th year she fell down an em- 
bankment when returning from some 
visit of mercy, and broke her hip, so that 
for the remainder of her life she was lame, 
and found it very difficult to move out of 
her room. Still she sometimes visited 
friends many miles away and often went 
to church. Her father usually closed his 
morning prayer with, "Lord, may we so 
live that our last days be our best days." 
She said his prayer was answered in her 

She had her home during her Vv^idow- 
hood with her niece, Mrs. W. P. An- 
drews, in St. Louis, Michigan. This 
niece Sister Faurot reared from four 
years of age, and Mrs. Andrews nurtured 
and watched over her these later years 
with the care of a devoted daughter, and 
provided for her every necessity, and 
gave her every luxury that she would ac- 

The day she died she said to Mrs. An- 
drews : "Tell the friends that I have not 
longed for nor desired this change. I 
am very happy to live, or equally willing 
to go." She kept her strong mind clear 
as long as she breathed regularly, which 
was almost eighty-two years. 

I think she expressed less selfishness 
in her life than any other person I ever 
saw. She was human and must needs 
have some fault. Hers was injustice in 
her treatment of herself — her self-denial. 

She fell asleep Aug. 17, 1901, and the 
funeral services occurred on the follow- 
ing Tuesday, Aug. 20. Two ministers of 
her faith, Elders Silas and Allen, con- 
ducted the services. The address was 
from the text : "Blessed are the dead who 
die in the Lord * * * that they may 
rest from their labors, and their works do 
follow them" (Rev. 14: 13). 

Her body rests in the cemetery at St. 
Louis, Mich., and her name and date of 
death are also cut upon the monument 
over her husband's grave at Edwards, 

Her life was so emphatically lived for 
others that I think she will never enjoy 
Heaven only as she can be a ministering 
angel to bring good to others. 

Many friends conscious of their great 
bereavement followed her casket to its 
last resting place. 

Hortense Thomas Hale. 

An account of Bishop Welldon's 
speech in favor of Freemasonry, lately 
made at Simla, has been anonymously 
sent us. It is to be regretted that the 
nominal head of the Anglican Church in 
India should so identify himself with one 
of the worst of secret societies. Through- 
out the discourse, reported as his speech, 
there is no mention made of Jesus the 
Savior, but Bishop Welldom is address- 
ed as the "Worshipful," etc. God has 
not made us reformers, but he has taught 
that the crooked ways and dangerous 
paths should be pointed out by his min-^ 
isters, that the innocent be not ensnared. 
In secret Jesus did and said nothing. 
Open, free and clear is the Gospel of Je- 
sus Christ, and it saves the heart from all 
darkness, for in Him is light and no dark- 
ness at all. Secretism and all its phases 
are not of God. 
—India Watchman. 



What should be the attitude of the am- 
bassador of Christ to these services? This 
is a cjuestion which no doubt has trou- 
bled many pastors. I, for one, would 
like to have some of them give their ex- 
perience along this line. Should we quiet- 
ly submit to these double services or 
should a protest be entered ? 

We recently had here in Foynette a 
Masonic funeral pure and simple, no 
minister of the gospel being called. This 
is not so objectionable, especially when 
the man, as in this case, professes no 
other religion than that of Masonry. We 
had another in which the man was a 
member of the Presbyterian Church. The 
pastor conducted the service at ■ the 
house, after which he retired to another 
room. The Masons then came forward 
— the day being stormy — and held their 
Christless service in the same place. The 
officiating priest was called from Madi- 
son. He conducted the services with 
covered head, and the usual display of 
white aprons was in evidence — and the 
pastor was relieved entirely from going 
to the grave. 


November. 1901. 



The following remarks are suggested : 

1. It has always seemed to us that 
these ^lasonic services were more for ad- 
vertisement than anything .-else ; but it is 
a strange time and place to advertise. 

2. Two services are not only unnec- 
essary, but they imply that the one Chris- 
tian service is not suflicient, or that the 
^lasons. who must needs wear a hat. can- 
not join in it. It looks very much like 
plowing with an ox and an ass. (Deut. 
22 : 10.) 

3. The ^vlasonic service is either Chris- 
tian or it is not Christian. If it is Chris- 
tian, why tv.-o services of the same kind? 
A\'hy cannot Masons join in humble wor- 
ship of the one God, through the one 
and only ^vlediator? If it is not Chris- 
tian, but simply religious, what place has 
it in connection with a Christian man's 
funeral? "If the Lord be God. follow 
him; but if Baal, then follow him" (I. 
Kings 18: 21). 

—The Midland.' 


In the city where the writer lives a de- 
termined eftort has recently been made 
by ministers of the city to secure the re- 
moval from the fire and police board of 
a* member who has been closely identi- 
fied with the saloon element. As we sat 
in the chair of a barber recently he asked 
if a certain well-known minister had 
taken part in the eftort for the removal 
of the oflicer in question. The answer 
was in the negative, as far as was known. 
"Well." said the questioner, ''I did not 
think the minister would antagonize the 
officer, for I have seen them on the most 
jovial terms in the lodge.'' It was a most 
striking testimony to the fact that a man. 
and even the minister, may close his 
mouth by such evil alliances as that of 
secret orders. 

What is a minority? The chosen he- 
roes of the earth. Such have always 
been in a minority. It is the minority 
that have vindicated himianity in every 
struggle, stood in the van of every moral 
conflict and achieved everything noble in 
the history of the world. Although 
sneered at by the men of their own gen- 

eration and called cranks and fanatics, 
those of succeeding generations vie with 
one another in doing them honor. 
—From editorial in Reformed Presbyterian 


"There are those, who, when it comes 
to making a choice between the lodge 
and the church, will choose the lodge. I 
was pastor at one time of a church, the 
^vlasonic members of which had the night 
of the prayer miceting changed because 
that was the lodge night. Within a few- 
days the local lodge had some kind of a 
public meeting, and it was held upon the 
same night that the regular prayer meet- 
ing was held. Passing along the street 
I heard a prominent church member \vho 
is a Alason urging another church mem- 
ber who was not a Mason to attend the 
public meeting, and the latter said he 
w-ould. Of course I cannot prove that 
either of them went. I went to the 
prayer meeting, and they were not there. 
Other members of the church who also 
belonged to the lodge were absent from 
the prayer meeting." 

—Rev. J. F. Packard, in the Wesleyan Meth- 

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" The CHRISTLA.N Cynosure is filled with newsy 
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lodge on questions of moral reform and finds it lacking. 
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Editor Christian Conservator. 

The Christian Cynosure has been, since i£68, 
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Address all orders to 


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Christian Education in Our Public 

Schools 225 

The Story: Three Scenes in the Life of 

a Secret Society Man 228 

Secret Societies and the Post Apostolic 

Fathers 229 

Secret Associations in the Early Church 232 

Grimm Brothers Are Witnesses 232 

Anarchism: An Outgrowth, Not an Ac- 
cident, in America 233 

Testifying Churches 235 

Charity in Fraternalism a Misused 

Term 236 

A War Incident 237 

Cost of Life Insurance 237 

A Criticism of The Cynosure 237 

Secret Fraternities in Theological Sem- 
inaries . 23i> 

Union, Power, Toleration: A Review of 

the Scottish Rite 240 

Horse Play 242 

A Knotty Paragraph 243 

Is Life Insurance Inconsistent with 

Scriptural Teachings ? 243 

Indiana Grand Lodge Report 245 

News of Our Work 246 

Program N. Y. State Convention 247 

N. E. Christian Association 247 

N. E. Annual Convention 249 

Odds and Ends 250 

,Voices from the Lodge . 251 





Revised and enlarged by 
p. F. THURBER, Quimby, Iowa. 

The author, who is a farmer, pre- 
sents the Secret Society question in a 
plain, practical, farmer-like manner, 
showing clearly the conflict of all the 
Secret Orders with State and National 
constitutions and also with the Bible. 
He follows his discussions with a Cate- 
chism on the points brought out, which 
is well calculated to aid the memory. 

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Address all letters pertaining to the 
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"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure, 

Official Organ of tiie National 
Christian Asso^atioa. 



221 West Madison St., Chicas^o. 

Entered at the Postafflfee, Ctiioago, 111., as second 
class matter. 

It is our pleasure this month to intro- 
duce to the readers of the Cynosure one 
of our earnest friends of the Holland 
Christian Reformed Church — Rev. J. 
Groen — whose portrait looks out upon 
us from the first page of the Cynosure. 
H:e has attended at least one of our an- 
nual meetings and gave his hearty as- 
sistance at the late Michigan State Con- 

It means much for a busy- city pastor 
to give time and thought to a meeting 
outside of his own church. Take for ex- 
ample the amount of time which Rev. 
Mr. Groen must give to his own church. 
There are nearly i,8oo souls in his con- 
gregation and a regular attendance of 
i,ooo to 1,300. He has nine catechetical 
classes every week,' and personally in- 
structs in religion during the we;ek days 
600. In addition he leads his teachers' 
meetings, and preaches three sermons 
every Sabbath. He is also president of 
the Board of Foreign Missions of his 
D-enomination, and a member of -the 
Committee of the American and Cana- 
dian Churches for the revision of the 
Psalms. We have already called atten- 
tion to the fact that his denomination 
has appointed him as delegate to our 
next annual meeting. He was also on 
the committee appointed by his denomi- 
nation to formulate the views of the 
church on secret societies lor general dis- 

tribution and for the information of their 
own members. An abstract of that re- 
port has been published in various pa- 
pers and is' also found in the last July 
numbrer of the Cynosure. 

It is a cheering fact that there are so 
many busy ministers in the dififerent de- 
nominations that bid the work of the^ 
National Christian Association God- 
speed. This is our exciise to Bro. Groen 
for publishing a few facts about himself. 



In the Christian Cynosure for Novem- 
ber, 190T, there is a brief article by O. T. 
Lee, of Northwood, Iowa, in which he 
questions the right of the State to. edu- 
cate its citizens in Christianity. He quotes 
this statement from our article in the 
previous number. ''We must incorpo- 
rate Christian instruction in our public 
school system," and follows it with his 
demur. His objection seems to be that 
the church is the custodian of religion 
and the State deals solely with temporali- 
ties, and that the church alone has a right 
to educate religiously and the State can 
only educate in secular affairs, and that 
we have a union of church and State 
when the State attempts to teach Chris- 

I wish to say here, that I do not think 
Bro. Lee and I differ at all, if we under- 
stood each other's definition of terms. 

Christianity in the narrower sense sig- 
nifies the pardon of sin through the 
blood of Christ and the renewal of the 
soul by the grace of the Holy Ghost. To 
preach this is the special mission of the 
church. But in the larger sense Chris- 
tianity is Christ's universal kingdom. 
This truth touches the man and he is re- 



Decembei*. 1001. 

newed. It enters the home and it is puri- 
fied and made a Christian home. It 
touches pohtics and they are cleansed 
and we have a Christian Slate. It touches 
business and it is transformed and we 
have Christian commerce and trade. It 
touches our pubUc schools and they are 
brought into harmony with truth and 
righteousness. It touches the lodge, the 
saloon and the gambling den and they 
vanish into thin air and the time and 
place that now know them shall know 
them again no more. I am sure Bro. 
Lee and I agree on all this. 

There is Church and State. They are 
tv/o mutually separate and independent 
institutions,, each free from the other in 
,its own sphere, but both ordained of God 
and responsible to Christ the King for 
their character and conduct. The Church' 
deals specially vrith matters of faith, the 
State with outward conduct. Now con- 
sider the State for a moment. It is or-- 
dained of God. It is clothed with au- 
thority and powers which come from 
God. It is the divinely appointed agent 
to administer the law of God. It is or- 
dained to punish vice and crime and to 
encotirage and promote obedience. And 
since all power and authority has been 
given into the hands of Jesus Christ, the 
State is under law to Christ in its sphere. 
In 1863. the U. S. Senate voted unani- 
mously to petition President Lincoln to 
proclaim a fast, "encouraged." as they 
expressed it, "in this day of trouble by the 
assurances of His word to seek Him for 
succor according to His appointed way 
through Jesus Christ.'' President Lin- 
coln issued his Fast Day proclamation, a 
distinctively Christian document. 

Xow It seems inevitable that if the 
State educate at ah, it must instruct its 
youth in these great fundamental prin- 
ciples. Otherwise the instruction fails 
to fit them for their duties as Christian 
citizens. This was the view of the Puri- 
tan and Pilgrim fathers of Xew England, 
of the Huguenots in Xew York, the 
Quakers in Pennsylvania and the Scotch 
Covenanters in X'^orth Carolina. The fa- 
mous ordinance of 1787 contains this 
statement : ''Religion, morality and 
knowledge, being necessary to good gov- 
ernment and the happiness of mankind, 
schools and the means of education shall 

forever be encouraged." Daniel A\'eb- 
ster, the great constitution expounder, 
said: "The right of the State to punish 
crime involves the State's duty to teach 
morals." The Catholic \A'orld' for 1896, 
contains a scene in a court room in 
France. Jhe culprit is a youth of 17; 
the lawyer, pleading in extenuation of 
the crime, speaking of the absence of re- 
ligious training in the school-room, savs : 

"Who tokl him there was a God, a fu- 
ture justice? Who spoke to him of his 
soul, of the respect due his neighbor, of 
the love of his fellow men? When did 
we teach him the law of God, 'Thou shalt 
not kill?' AA'e left that soul to its soil in- 
stincts : that child grew like a young 
beast of the desert alone, in that, society 
which is now ready to strike the tiger^ 
when at the proper time it should have 
clipped his talons and calmed his feroc- 
ity. It is you. gentlemen, whom I ac- 
cuse : you. civilized and refined, who are 
not barbarians : you moralists, who lead 
the full orchestra of atheism, and are not 
surprised that you are answered by crime 
and loss. Condemn my- client, it is your 
right : but I accuse you. it is my duty.'" 
That speech might have been repeated 
by Czolgosz's counsel at his trial. He 
was not alone responsible. 

In a pamphlet of 64 pages by Rev. Dr. 
R. C. Y\\vlie, entitled. "Our Educational 
System — Is it Christian or Secular?" 
there are important facts brought out. 

1. There are nine States. Georgia. In- 
diana. Iowa. Kansas. ']\Iassachusetts^ 
^Mississippi. X'ew Jersey. X'orth Dakota. 
South Dakota, in which the reading of 
the Bible in the schools rests securely 
on a legal basis, plainly written either in 
State constitution or in the school law. 

2. There is a list of States, twelve in 
number, in which, while there is no spe- 
cific mention of the Bible in the consti- 
ttition or law. there are decisions of 
courts and State school superintendents, 
of an authoritative character, which give 
to the custom of Bible reading quite a 
secure legal status. These decisions and 
opinions, however, in many cases rest 
upon legal provisions for instruction in 
morals. The States here included are 
Arkansas. Idaho, Illinois. ]^Iaine. ]\Iichi- 
gan. X'ebraska, X^ew York, Pennsylvania, 
Rhode Island, L'tah, A'ermont and ^Vest 

December, 19<:tl. 


3. There is a list of States in which 
there are none of the legal safeguards 
mentioned above, but in which tlie cus- 
tom of Bible reading prevails, being sup- 
ported by long established usage and 
public sentiment. Clauses from the con- 
stitutions and school laws of these Slates 
are quoted. The States here included are 
Alabama, Colorado, Connecticut, Dela- 
ware, Florida, Kentucky. Txlaryland, New 
Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Ore- 
gon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, 
Mrginia. \\\voming, besides the territory 
of Oklahoma. 

5. There is a class in which the de- 
cisions of courts, attorneys general and 
school superintendents are adverse to the 
reading of the Bible. In most of these 
moral instruction is required by law. In 
none of them, with one possible excep- 
tion, is the Bible specifically excluded by 
law. Its exclusion in every other case 
rests on an interpretation of law. In this 
class are the territory of Arizona, and 
the States of ^lissouri. ^^linnesota, ^Ion- 
tana, Washington and Wisconsin. 

Now, in conclusion, permit me to ex- 
press the conviction that Bro. Lee and I 
stand together. We are for keeping the 
Bible in our public schools, where it is 
there, and for putj:ing it back where it 
has been thrust out. We are for training 
our children in our public schools for 
Christian citizenship. "The State rests 
upon a tripod — a free school, a free 
church, a free State." AMien one leg is 
l:)roken the whole structure comes tum- 
bling down. 

]\Ian is a moral and religious being. 
The State is a moral and religious being. 
The State must educate its youth so that 
they can take their places in the State, 
enjoy their rights and perform their du- 
ties. The State must have Christian edu- 

Pep y by Rev. O. T. 

Rev. J. ]\I. Foster wrote in October 
number of Christian Cynosure these 
words : "We must incorporate Christian 
instruction in our public school system."' 
It seemed to me that this must have been 
a slip of the pen and that when attention 
was called to it all discussion would 
cease. I was therefore surprised to re- 
ceive a long response to my brief arti- 
cle which appeared in the November Cy 

nosure and to find that the same princi- 
ples are again asserted. Rev. Foster 
. seems to think that we will agree when 
we understand each other. Would that 
this were the case. But I fear that our 
opinions are radically at variance on this 

The question at issue involves great 
principles which are essential to both 
church and State. But as I know that 
this discussion is really outside of the 
scope of the Christian Cynosure, I shall 
be very brief. 

When Christ said (John 18:36), "My 
Jvingdom is not of this world," he drew a 
distinct line between church and State, 
which we must not lose sight of. The 
church deals, not "specially," but entire- 
ly witji matters of faith. The State with 
outward conduct. See Rom. 13:1-7, L 
Tim.. 2:2, and I. Peter 13:14. 

It is true that the Pilgrim Fathers, 
Huguenots and Quakers incorporated 
, church into the State and would to-dav 
have had a State-church in the United 
States if the allwise God had not seen iit 
to "come down" and change their plan. 
V,lien our constitution was written the 
. true principles for church and State were 
laid down. And those who come from 
countries where they have State-church 
to-day can appreciate this liberty. 

I still hold that the State can not have 
an} thing to do with religion. The State 
must leave this to the church. The church 
must produce the Christians. And, of 
course, the Christians are the best citi- 
zens. The State conducts secular schools 
where secular branches are taught, and 
the church conducts Christian schools 
where religion is taught. If Rev. Fos- 
ter's theories concerning the incorpora- 
tion of Christian instruction in the public 
schools should be put in practice I should 
have to take my children out of such 
schools and I know that I voice the sen- 
timents of thousands. 

The immortal souls of those children 
that are intrusted to my care cannot be 
left to anyone that the State may see tit 
to hire. It is because of the absence of 
all religious instruction in the public 
school that I can send my children to the 
public school. And I must try to teach 
them religion at home and in the paro- 
chial school. 

Space forbids me to discuss all the 



December, 1901. 

points touched upon in this question. I 
shall close by citing a passage from 
Thomas Jefferson, found in his "Writ- 
ings," 1853. VIII., 113: 

"Believing with you that religion is a 
matter which lies solely between man and 
his God, that he owes account to none 
other for his faith or his worship, that 
the legislative powers of government 
reach actions only, not opinions, I con- 
template with sovereign reverence that 
act of the whole American people which 
declared that their Legislature should 
make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion or prohibiting the free exer- 
cise thereof, thus building a wall of sep- 
aration between church and State." 

I think Thomas Jefferson sounds the 
true key-note in these lines. It is biblical 
and the only thing practical. 

Xorthwood, Nov. 13th, 1901. 


Three Scenes in the Life of a Secret Society 


"May I go out and play with the boys 
this evening," said George after dinner. 

"Yes, dear, until half past eight," re- 
plied his mother. 

"I would not more than get interested 
by that time," growled the boy. "I won't 
go at all if I cannot stay longer than that." 
And he threw himself upon the sofa with 
the air of injured innocence. 

The words stung deeper because a 
cherished guest witnessed the selfish 
roughness of the boy for whom the moth- 
er planned, spent and toiled and from 
whom she expected respect, obedience 
and thoughtful love. 

The social was brilliant and exhilarat- 
ing and on returning the young people 
merrily chatted and chewed toasted 

One after another dropped off for the 

Addison Goodsense was quoted as say- 
ing that a well-bred young man should 
excuse himself from company at ten 
o'clock. It was eleven already. 

But George did not go. The boys sat 
upstairs a while wishing the walls were 
deadened, but thev were not, so thev re- 

tired and tried to sleep ; but distinctly the 
words of George's new essay on Social 
Settlements, as he read it to their fair 
cousin Constantia, came to their unwill- 
ing, weary nerves of hearing. 

His voice was deep and musical and 
his paper was original and the very fact 
that it interested them was an unwelcome 
tax at that late hour. Oblivious of the 
pleasure of all except his own, for Con- 
stantia had an hour to study before re- 
tiring, George read on : 

"If there were no ocean to drain the lakes 
and rivers, how full and happy I would be," 
said the flattered, lovely inland lake to the 
breezes, which responded: 

'"If there were no trade winds or simoons, 
whirlwinds or cyclones; if there were no 
snow-capped mountains to send the rushing 
winds down into thousands of valleys as the 
night closes in; if we all were uniform tem- 
perate, orderly breezes, blowing a mile an 
hour, day and night, always the same, how 
superior I would be in the thought of hu- 
manity; and as the wavelets of the lake 
'caressed the gentle slope of its banks, the 
murmuring wind and water awoke a respon- 
sive groan from the shore, which said: 

"If all the world Mere on a level, a rich 
harvest I would annually yield, what pop- 
ularity I would enjoy. No distorted foot- 
hills, ranges and mountains to impede com- 
merce, travel and agriculture and to win the ' 
admiring gaze of hunters and tourists. Upon 
the great leveled plains life, unimpeded, 
might develop itself indefinitely.*' 

Just at this point, in desperation, one 
of the boys, shouted down the stair- 
way : 

"Good-night, George." 

And the selfish young man was offend- 
ed. Had he not, because of his own su- 
periority won the fairest, most intelligent 
and accomplished young lady in Pom- 
ponstown was his thought, uninterpreted 
to himself, even, and others must not 
have any wish but his pleasure. How 
dare they. 

^ ;)j >K >}= ^ ^ ^ 

Ten years later he entered his home 
long after the evening dinner hour. The 
talkie looked inviting, the bright range in 
the kitchen was keeping his food warm, 
the patient cook waiting to serve him 
had lost the opportunity of doing an er- 
rand for herself and had retired to her 
room, and his w^ife, whose plans and 
hours were never considered of anv value 

December, 1901. 



in comparison with his, welcomed him 
with a bright smile. 

She brought his slippers and his din- 
ner and looked for a compliment, on her 
good management, excellent variety of 
wholesome, well-cooked food, a grateful 
remark about God's goodness or a bit of 
interesting anecdote: she had no reason 
to expect this, but she believed that his 
sleeping nobleness would sometime rise 

his vows also. May he turn to Christ, re- 
nouncing the hidden things of dishonest}-, 
and abide with Thee in whom there is no 
difference, neither male nor female, bond 
nor free. Grant that we may be one in 
Christ Jesus, with no lodge vows to di- 
vide us. 

Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, 
for Jesus* sake. Amen. 

With peace and faith in her heart she 

to meet her own. why not to-night? She retired to res:, for He giveth.His beloved 
soon found that her perseverance mu5t sleep. 

not forsake her yet. for winds sweeping 

down over — 

"Snows live thc-usand summers old." 

could not have been more chilling than 
his presence. 

"Why do you keep m.e on this ever- 
lasting steak, mashed potatoes, cabbage 
and corn-starch pudding." was his first 
greeting to the talented httle lady who 
had for years, out of her small allowance, 
doled out by her grand, elect, periectly 
selfish fratemitA" master (whose funds had 
liberally decorated their fine new lodge 
r»3om) provided a choice variety of whole- 
some, carefully prepared food, the mem- 
ory- of which would have stirred an un- 
selfish heart to grateful words of appre- 

He had been reviewing his lodge ritual 
for the next evening's work and had been 
repeating : 

"Young men in their nonage, old men 
in their dotage, a woman, a madman or 
a fool," and the selfishness of his child- 
hood, which had strengthened in early 
manhcMjd and later led him into the 
- jdge. made him say with Xebuchadnez- 
zer as he looked abroad out of the dark- 
ened windows of his _soul : 

Is not this the great George, who is to 
be credited with all the good deeds of his 
business and family, all mistakes are due 
to my wife : I alone deser\-e reverence. 

From the closet that night arose the 
whispered prayer : Dear Father in heav- 
en. I thank Thee for witholding ray hus- 
band's thoughtful companionship and 
considerate love that I might more close- 
ly walk with Thee. Give me grace, dear 
Lord, to reverence my husband and to 
keep as unto Thee, my marriage vows. 

Wilt thou touch my dear companion's 
soul, may he be regenerated and obserxe 



The Masonic \'oicc Reviev,- of August. 
1 90 1, contains the following article taken 
from the INIasonic Sun : 

Secret Societies. 

Benevolent secret societies have exist e-l 
from time immemorial which no inteUigenr 
man can gainsay. In this short article we 
intend to answer some of the objections 
urged against secret societies in general and 
ours In parricnlar. Xo matter how grand the 
principles sought to be taught by a society, 
there are always those who are ready to op- 
pose them, some through honest conviction. 
some through ignorance, others through in- 
nate meanness. Much has been said against 
onr secrecy. We ans^ver. all ranks. c<;>ndi- 
tions and departments of life have their se- 
crets: we. as a fraternity, have ours. You, 
who tirge the objection, have you no seti-rets? 
then keep them: they are your property and 
to them the world has no claim. How long 
would the sacred family relation exist if 
father, mother, sister and brother exposed 
its affairs to the world": Our fraternity has 
its secret, but it is no_ secret society in the 
sense our opponents would have people im- 
derstand. Our time and place of meeting are 
known. Oar instituti«^n and by-laws are pub- 
lished and you may read them. Our princi- 
ples are proclaimed to the world. The only 
secrets we have are the personal affairs of 
our members. We have no right to expose 
the affairs of our members. We have no 
right to expose the affairs of others, neither 
have we the right to injure the characters of 
others. Our manner of initiation, signs, 
grips and passwords are kept secret for our 
own sei?urity. In the early days of the Chris- 
tian Church we find that se<:-ret societies 
were upheld by the thoughtful men of that 
period. In the Apostolic constitutions, said 
to have been written by Clement, we rea^ 




December. 1901. 

with regard to the secrets and mysteries of 
societies— "These regukitions must on no ac- 
eoimt be commnuicated to all sorts of per- 
sons because of the mysteries contained in 
them." Tertnllian. of the second centnry, in 
defending secret societies, says: ''If we do 
all in private, how came you to know what 
is done? Not from one of ourselves, for none 
are admitted to religious mysteries without 
an oath of secrecy." Minereius Felix, in the 
first part of the third century, writing in de- 
fense of the Christian religion, says: ''The 
Christians know one another by secret signs 
and love one another almost before they are 
acquainted." St. Ambrose. Archbishop of Mi- 
lan, in the fourth century, says: "All the 
mysteries should be concealed, guarded by a 
faithful silence, lest they should be inconsid- 
erably divulged to the ears of the profane. 
He sings God who divulges to the un- 
worthy the mysteries confided to him." St. 
Chrysostom, Bishop of Constantinople, at the 
close of the fourth century, says: "I wish to 
speak openly, but I dare not, on account of 
those who are not initiated. These persons 
render explanations more difficult for us by 
obliging us to speak in obscure terms, or to 
unveil the things which are secret. When the 
holy mysteries are celebrated we drive away 
all unintiated persons and then shut the 
doors." Then we find Tertnllian again say- 
ing: "Because they know little or nothing of 
our principles they despise and condemn 
them, and endeavor to blacken that virtue 
and goodness which is so conspictious in us, 
with imagined vices and impurities, where- 
as it would be more just to judge of our se- 
cret actions by those that appear, than to con- 
demn what is evidently praiseworthy upon 
suspicion of private faults." From what 
we have ciuoted it will be seen that the early 
Christian churches recognized secrecy as be- 
ing in harmony with their work for the wel- 
fare of mankind, just the same as the Ma- 
sonic fraternity does to-day. Those who con- 
demn secret societies from an honest convic- 
tion we wotild advise them to carefully study 
the history of the past before doing so. 

The first statement, that "benevolent 
secret societies have existed from time 
immemorial," is very questionable. But 
whether true or false has no relevance to 
Freemasonry, which the writer says, is 
''no secret society," and surely is not a 
benevolent one. Because (ist) it prom- 
ises benefits only to those who, by due in- 
itiation and the payment of dues have 
established a claim for help in time of 
need. This is no more benevolence than 
the work of an insurance company. 2d. 
It excludes from its membership all who 

are real objects of charity — all youth, all 
aged, all cripples, all imbecile and all wo- 
men. 3d. By the civil courts of the 
State of Maine, it has been judicially de- 
cided that it is not a benevolent institu- 

Again, he says "all ranks, conditions 
and departments of life have their se- 
crets." This is not true. The family has 
its privacies, but ordinarily no secrets. 
These privacies are common to all fam- 
ilies and secret to no one. A family 
with a secret or with a door guarded by 
a tyler, would be an abnormal family and 
an object of suspicion. 

Again he says "our fraternity has its 
secrets — its only secrets are the personal 
aft'airs of its members. \A'e have no right . 
to expose the affairs of others." That 
depends entirely upon what constitutes 
their "affairs." Legally and morally we 
have no right to conceal crime and yet 
the ]\Iaster Mason's oath binds him "to ^ 
'conceal the secrets of a brother Master ^ 
]\Iason when communicated to me (him) 
as such, murder and treason excepted." 
That this ^Masonic oath is held to require 
the concealment of crime was clearly 
shown in the case of one Jackson who, 
a few years since, was tried and expelled j 
from a Masonic lodge in Hartford. Conn.. '| 
for "unmasonic conduct" in testifying to 
the court of justice that a brother ]\lason 
had been guilty of arson. It was held by 
the lodge, that he had no right to com- 
municate the secrets of a brother, even 
when under oath to tell "the whole 

Again the writer says "our manner of 
initiation, signs, grips and passwords are • 
kept secret for the security of the fra- 
ternity."" I can hardly suppose that the 
writer did not know this to be false. "The 
manner of initiation, signs, grips and 
passwords"" have been published to the 
world many years ago. They have been 
proved in courts of justice and State Leg- 
islatures — notably those of Pennsylvania- 
and Rhode Island — and can be just as 
truly learned on the outside as inside the 
lodge. It is one of the qtieerest of our 
charges against the ^Masonic fraternity, 
that in view of these well acertained facts, 
it keeps up the lying pretension that its 
ceremonies and covenants have never 
been revealed. Stirelv an institution that 

December, 1901. 



teaches and practices dissimulation has 
no claim to be the patron of virtue. 

Now what the Post-Apostolic fathers 
thought 6v did about secret societies has 
\ cry little relevance to the duty of Chris- 
tians of the present day. Our circum- 
stances are widely different. The early 
Christians lived under a despotism, were 
regarded as enemies of the State, per- 
sistently traduced by the heathen and 
persecuted unto death by those in au- 
thority. It is not strange that they should 
have held secret meetings, when open 
meetings were impossible. Such a con- 
dition of things would excuse if it did 
not justify a secret organization. To us, 
living under a free government, that 
grants the amplest protection to every 
good work, there is not even the occa- 
sion for organized secrecy. Only for evil 
purposes is it necessary. "Every one that 
doeth evil, hateth the Hght, neither com- 
eth to the light lest his deeds should be 
reproved." John 3 119. 

We are also to remember, ist, that 
the example and teachings of these Chris- 
tian fathers are of no authority except as 
they accord with that of Christ and His 
Apostles. That there were early and 
many departures from "the faith once de- 
livered unto the saints" is abundantlv ev- 
ident. Such departures were predicted 
by Our Lord and His Apostles. 

I quote two out of many such predic- 
tions. Paul in his address to the elders 
of the church in Ephesus says: ''For I 
Ivuow this, that after my departure shall 
grievous wolves enter in, not sparing the 
flock. Also of your own selves shall 
men arise speaking perverse things to 
draw away disciples after them." Acts 
20 129, 30. Peter wrote to the churches, 
"There were false prophets among the 
people, even as there shall be false teach- 
ers among you, who shall finally bring- 
in damnable heresies — and many shall 
follow their pernicious ways by reason of 
which the way of truth shall be evil 
spoken of." H. Pet. 2:1, 2. 

This prophecy of Peter had a fulfill- 
ment in the secrecy practiced by some 
early Christians and which, according to 
Gibbon (A. D. 98-117) was made the oc- 
casion of the severest persecutions. It was 
held that whatever was carefully conceal- 
ed must be evil. (2d) Notwithstanding 
the fact that Our Lord and the Apostle's 

were confronted with the same tremen- 
dous obstacles, they gave no warrant to 
any form of organized secrecy, but con- 
demn it, alike by their example and 
teachings. The following are a few of 
many passages: "Let your light shine 
before men," "He that doeth truth com- 
eth to the light," "There is nothing hid- 
den that shall not be revealed," "I ever 
spake openly among you : in secret have 
I said nothing," "Have no fellowship 
with the unfruitful works of darkness, 
but rather reprove them." This is an al- 
lusion to the Eleusinian Mysteries, (3d) 
The only "mysteries of these early Chris- 
tians were simply the rites of baptism, the 
Lord's Supper, etc. They were falsely 
accused of imitating the Eleusinian Mys- 
teries (the Freemasonry of the period), 
and it was the denial of these cruel asper- 
sions that led to some of the remarks that 
are quoted. 

The. religious orders in the Romish 
Church which have been, to some ex- 
tent, secret organizations have been no 
credit to Christianity. Jesuitism has 
been a constant source of alarm and a 
menace to good government. 

There is a world-wide contrast between 
these Christian mysteries and those of 
the heathen worship which have served 
as copies for Freemasonry and other se- 
cret societies. The former were espe- 
cially in honor of the Lord Jesus. The 
mysteries of Freemasonry are by the tes- 
timony of its most distinguished writers, 
copied from the secret worship of the 
Pagan gods." 

Much as we may deplore the incon- 
sistencies of some of the earlier Chris- 
tians they (the Christian societies) were 
infinitely superior to any Pagan institu- 
tion, either ancient or modern. The 
church has outgrown all occasion for se- 
cret organizations, and they exist in our 
midst as the relics of the old heathenism 
which was and is the enemv of Christ 
and as such excludes his name from their 

Oberlin. O. 

I'd rather sit in my old chair. 

And see the coals glow in the grate. 

And chat with one I think is fair. 
Than sit upon a throne of state. 



December, 1901. 



It is quite obvious that during the days 
of the apostles and in the churches that 
they planted there were not only no se- 
cret associations, but that simplicity and 
openness were a marked characteristic. 

The following from Paul's second let- 
ter to the Corinthians makes this quite 
clear. "Therefore, seeing we have this 
ministry, as we have received mercy we 
faint not, but have renounced the hidden 
things of dishonesty (or shame), not 
walking in craftiness, nor handling the 
word of God deceitfully, but by the man- 
isfestation of the truth, commending our- 
selves to every man's conscience in the 
sight of God." (II. Cor. 4:1, 2.) 

That in the centuries subsequent to the 
time of the apostles there was a depart- 
ure from this openness and simplicity 
and that the meetings of Christians were 
sometimes secret is admitted ; but that 
Christians had secret orders, comparable 
to either the ancient or modern secret so- 
cieties, is denied. Their secrets were the 
rites of the church and sometimes the 
teachings of its leaders. The reasons for 
such secret meetings vv^ere : (ist) The op- 
position of the Pagan world much of the 
time and in many parts of the Roman em- 
pire Christianity was proscribed ; its meet- 
ings were illegal and its profession was 
punished with death ; there meetings 
must, of necessity, be secret. (2d) 
Through a mistaken interpretation of the 
teachings of Paul and the other apostles, 
doctrines were taught that were held to 
be subversive of the imperial authority. 
Thus it was held that there was to be a 
personal Anti-Christ that should soon ap- 
pear, that Nero was this Anti-Christ and 
after his death he was to be raised with 
great and demoniacal power but only to be 
destroyed by the personal coming of our 
Lord from heaven. 

The second chapter of Paul's second 
letter to the Thessalonia